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Interview Questions for the Physician Candidate

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701. Coeliac disease

". Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology (Review). 12 (10): 580–91. : . . A lack of symptoms and/or negative serological markers are not reliable indicators of mucosal response to the diet. Furthermore, up to 30% of patients continue to have gastrointestinal symptoms despite a strict GFD.122,124 If adherence is questioned, a structured interview by a qualified dietitian can help to identify both intentional and inadvertent sources of gluten. ^ Fasano A, Catassi C (December 2012). "Clinical (...) on biopsy may also be due to unrelated causes, such as , and . While positive serology and typical biopsy are highly suggestive of coeliac disease, lack of response to diet may require these alternative diagnoses to be considered. Diagnosis [ ] is often difficult and as of 2019, there continues to be a lack of awareness among physicians about the variability of presentations of coeliac disease and the diagnostic criteria, such that most cases are diagnosed with great delay. It can take up to 12 years

2012 Wikipedia

702. Death panel Full Text available with Trip Pro

treatment; Doctors, family, and friends were highly trusted sources for end-of-life care information while only 33% trusted elected officials or political candidates for accurate information. Social [ ] , a physician who writes on health care topics for , said "that the whole death panel reduction and reaction to it" temporarily "shut down our ability to even have a national discussion about how to have the right [end-of-life] conversation" between doctors and patients. When investigating for his (...) claim has been referred to as the " death panel myth ", as nothing in any proposed legislation would have led to individuals being judged to see if they were worthy of health care. Palin's spokesperson pointed to which would have paid physicians for providing voluntary counseling to patients about , , and options. Palin's claim was reported as false and criticized by the , , academics, physicians, , and some . Some prominent Republicans backed Palin's statement. One poll showed that after it spread

2012 Wikipedia

703. Comparison of the health care systems in Canada and the United States Full Text available with Trip Pro

are delivered by private providers, including physicians (although they may derive their revenue primarily from government billings). Although some doctors work on a purely fee-for-service basis (usually family physicians), some family physicians and most specialists are paid through a combination of fee-for-service and fixed contracts with hospitals or health service management organizations. Canada's universal health plans do not cover certain services. Non-cosmetic is covered for children up to age 14 (...) had to be booked months in advance. A 2009 study found that on average the wait in the United States to see a medical specialist is 20.5 days. In a 2009 survey of physician appointment wait times in the United States, the average wait time for an appointment with an orthopedic surgeon in the country as a whole was 17 days. In Dallas, Texas the wait was 45 days (the longest wait being 365 days). Nationwide across the U.S. the average wait time to see a family doctor was 20 days. The average wait

2012 Wikipedia

704. Medical school

but under the supervision of the chief doctor; the student rotates over the major and most essential specialties during period of four months each. After that, student has the choice of either passing the residency national exam or extending his internship for another year, after which he gains the status of family physician. The residency program consists of four to five years in the specialty he qualifies, depending on his score in the national residency examination under the rule of highest score (...) ) and the physician is given their corresponding medical practitioner's ID, which is a number that identifies him and his academic achievements. In addition, there is a provincial ID, i. e. a number to identify doctors in the province they practise medicine in. Doctors wishing to pursue a must take entrance exams at the public/private institution of their choice that offers them. It is easier for students in private Medical Schools to obtain a residency in a Private Hospital, especially when the university has

2012 Wikipedia

705. Medical school in the United Kingdom Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Interviewers take turns to ask the candidate set questions and rate their responses on a . Interviews last between 15–30 minutes. Questions cover a range of desirable criteria that future doctors should possess. Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI) [ ] Developed at in Canada in 2004, the format assesses candidates as they cycle through a selection of 'mini' interview stations similar to the medical school OSCE. 1-2 interviewers assess candidates at each station and each station is focussed on a particular skill (...) . The majority of medical school interview applicants using either a Traditional interview or the Multiple Mini Interview ( ) formats. and Cambridge medical schools have their own distinct way of interviewing with focus on science questions and other medical schools also use group tasks to assess applicants. is unique in not requiring an interview of any kind for UK school leavers. Traditional [ ] The traditional medical interview consists of 2–4 interviewers sat across a table from the candidate

2012 Wikipedia

706. Medical College Admission Test

rates in US medical schools soared from 5% to 50%, leading to the development of a test that would measure readiness for medical school. Physician F. A. Moss and his colleagues developed the "Scholastic Aptitude Test for Medical Students" consisting of true-false and multiple choice questions divided into six to eight subtests. Topics tested included visual memory, memory for content, scientific vocabulary, scientific definitions, understanding of printed material, premedical information (...) in a two year period; and 7 times for life. Countries / regions United States, Canada and 19 other countries. Languages English Prerequisites / eligibility criteria Candidate must be preparing to apply to a health professional school (otherwise, "special permission" is required). Fluency in English assumed. Fee Gold zone (registration about 1 month or more prior to test date): US $310 Reschedule fee: US $75 Cancellation refund: US $155 Silver zone (registration about 3 to 4 weeks prior to test date

2012 Wikipedia

707. Major depressive disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

more difficulty with underrecognition and undertreatment of depression compared to , in part because of the that often accompany depression, in addition to many potential patient, provider, and system barriers. A review found that non-psychiatrist physicians miss about two-thirds of cases, though this has improved somewhat in more recent studies. Before diagnosing a major depressive disorder, in general a doctor performs a medical examination and selected investigations to rule out other causes (...) alone or in combination with life stress. Research focusing on specific candidate genes has been criticized for its tendency to generate false positive findings. There are also other efforts to examine interactions between life stress and polygenic risk for depression. Other health problems Depression may also come secondary to a chronic or terminal medical condition, such as or asthma, and may be labeled "secondary depression." It is unknown whether the underlying diseases induce depression through

2012 Wikipedia

708. Neuroethics

. Propranolol, an FDA-approved drug, has been suggested to effectively dull the painful effects of traumatic memories if taken within 6 hours after the event occurs. This has begun the discussion of ethical implications, assuming the technology for memory erasure will only improve. Originally, propranolol was reserved for hypertension patients. However, doctors are permitted to use the drug for off-label purposes—leading to the question of whether they actually should . There are numerous reasons (...) state can recover unexpectedly. This raises the ethical question about the premature termination of care by physicians. The hope is that one day, neuroimaging technologies can help us to define these different states of consciousness and enable us to communicate with patients in vegetative states in a way that was never before possible. The clinical translation of these advanced technologies is of vital importance for the medical management of these challenging patients. In this situation

2012 Wikipedia

709. Mental health professional

in interviewing and diagnostic skills, and may be quite skilled in managing conditions such as in children and in adults. Likewise, many (but not all) pediatricians may be taught the basic components of ADHD diagnosis and treatment during residency. In many other circumstances, primary care physicians may receive additional training and experience in mental health diagnosis and treatment during their practice years. Relative effectiveness [ ] Both primary care physicians (GP's) and psychiatrist are just (...) a consensus. › ‹ The below ( ) is being considered for merging. See to help reach a consensus. › The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with North America and do not represent a of the subject . You may , discuss the issue on the , or , as appropriate. ( December 2010 ) ( ) Occupation Degree Common licenses Prescription privilege Average income (US$) / Yes $200,000 Master of Rehabilitation Sciences PhD Doctor of Philosophy Similar to Related Personnel (Cognitive Sciences

2012 Wikipedia

710. Epidemiology

to be caused by an imbalance of the four (air, fire, water and earth "atoms"). The cure to the sickness was to remove or add the humor in question to balance the body. This belief led to the application of bloodletting and dieting in medicine. He coined the terms (for diseases usually found in some places but not in others) and (for diseases that are seen at some times but not others). Modern era [ ] See also: In the middle of the 16th century, a doctor from named was the first to propose a theory (...) , including epidemiology, their senior year at the . Although epidemiologic research is conducted by individuals from diverse disciplines, including clinically trained professionals such as physicians, formal training is available through Masters or Doctoral programs including (MPH), of Epidemiology (MSc.), (DrPH), (PharmD), (PhD), (ScD). Many other graduate programs, e.g., (DSW), (DClinP), (DPM), (DVM), (DNP), (DPT), or for clinically trained physicians, (MD) or (MBBS or MBChB) and (DO), include some

2012 Wikipedia

711. A Trial Comparing the Uncovered to the Covered Wallstent in the Palliation of Malignant Bile Duct Strictures

arm ] Biliary obstruction is the narrowing (stricture) of the bile duct. This narrowing prevents bile, which is formed in the liver, from being carried to the small bowel to digest fats. Symptoms of biliary obstruction are pain, jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), itchy skin and fever. Time to biliary obstruction is defined as the time from the placement of the stent to the time of biliary obstruction as reported by the participant via monthly interview questions or call to a pager if symptoms (...) and censored at the time of their last follow-up interview. Number of Participants With Serious Adverse Events (SAEs) [ Time Frame: From time of stent placement to participant death or lost to follow-up (up to 1302 days) ] Serious adverse events were defined as adverse events requiring an invasive procedure or hospitalization or resulting in death. Number of Participants With Recurrent Biliary Obstruction Reported by Mechanism [ Time Frame: Median follow-up of 125 days in the uncovered SEMS arm and 201

2010 Clinical Trials

712. Environmental and Genetic Determinants of NPC

a risk factor interview, medical record abstraction and biological sample collection. Participants will respond to interview questions about their lifestyle and risk factors thought to be involved in NPC development. All participants will provide blood and saliva samples for study. Participants who have been diagnosed with NPC will also provide consent to allow researchers to study tissue samples taken during tumor biopsies or surgeries. Treatment will not be provided as part of this protocol (...) of the MHC region and limited sample size of candidate gene studies. DCEG investigators and their Taiwan colleagues have a longstanding history of studies to elucidate the role of environmental and genetic factors associated with NPC. A case-control study (375 cases; 327 controls) was conducted in the early 1990s and was followed by a large multiplex family study that was completed in 2006 (358 families; 3,216 individuals). Results from these studies have provided a substantial portion

2010 Clinical Trials

713. Ondansetron, Alcohol Use, and Alcohol-Related Symptoms In HIV+ Persons

: 16 weeks ] Medication side-effects and adverse events were measured using the Systematic Assessment for Treatment of Emergent Events (SAFTEE). The SAFTEE contains 25 detailed questions that systematically address 29 body systems. A trained interviewer elicits information about onset, duration, pattern, and judgment of attribution. For the present trial outcome, we report number of events. Number of Subjects Who Discontinue Due to Side Effects [ Time Frame: 16 weeks ] The investigators will count (...) reasons: 1) evidence of effectiveness in persons who want to cut-down or reduce their drinking and who are not abstinent at medication initiation; 2) moderate-to-strong effects among early onset problem drinkers, a characteristic that is over represented in our clinic patients; 3) a very mild side-effect profile, making it an ideal pharmacotherapy candidate in patients who are often receiving multiple other medications with significant side-effects; and 4) its primary indication is for treatment

2010 Clinical Trials

714. Brief Intervention to Prevent Poor Psychosocial Outcomes in Living Donors

Research (NINR) Information provided by (Responsible Party): University of Pittsburgh Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential effectiveness of a psychosocial intervention based on the principles of motivational interviewing. The novel intervention will assist living donor candidates to think through any remaining concerns or questions that they may have about living donation. If the intervention is effective, it may help to prevent (...) post-donation problems related to psychological and health outcomes. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Living Donation Behavioral: Motivational Interviewing Behavioral: Healthy Lifestyles Education Phase 2 Detailed Description: The protection of living donors' well-being and the prevention of any negative consequences of donation are among the foremost priorities in transplantation. Some donors experience poor psychosocial outcomes after donation, including psychological distress

2010 Clinical Trials

715. Telepsychiatry in Rural Youth

of the study. The parent of the subject will present the scale to the teacher and retrieve the scale in a sealed envelope to return to the clinic. The diagnosis for ADHD will be made using an exam called the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV (DISC IV). This is a 90-minute exam that is done with a computer that helps you know what questions to ask and helps record the responses. The parents will also be asked to complete a few instruments and surveys that help us understand how well (...) the investigators might offer psychiatric care to kids who live in rural areas through the use of telepsychiatry (TP), specifically those with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). TP is a way for a physician to talk to someone in a remote area using a computer. The investigators will split the subjects into two study groups. As subjects are identified, they will be assigned a screening number according to a randomization table. The investigators will use TP for one group and face-to-face (F2F) care

2010 Clinical Trials

716. Identifying Treatments to Motivate Smokers to Quit

, Reduction, MI This arm of the project will address the following question: How effective is the following intervention? Nicotine Patch, Nicotine Gum, Smoking Reduction Counseling, and Motivational Interviewing (MI) Behavioral: Motivational Interviewing Participants randomized to this condition will receive an initial MI counseling session during the in-person clinic visit followed by three counseling phone calls over the 6-week intervention period (a total of four intervention contacts). The phone (...) . Participant will be instructed to use one patch daily and to use 10 pieces of gum daily for 6 weeks. Experimental: 2, Nicotine Patch, Nicotine Gum, Reduction, No MI This arm of the project will address the following question: How effective is the following intervention? Nicotine Patch, Nicotine Gum, Smoking Reduction Counseling, and No Motivational Interviewing (MI) Behavioral: Motivational Interviewing Participants randomized to this condition will receive an initial MI counseling session during

2010 Clinical Trials

717. A Trial to Determine Whether Two Differing Strength Tablets (3 x 5 mg Versus 1 x 15 mg) of Sublingually Org 5222 (Asenapine) Are Safe and Equal in Subjects With Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder (P05937)

, including screening evaluations; must be at least 18 and less than 65 years of age; can be either male or female; females must be either surgically sterile, postmenopausal for at least 1 year, or non-pregnant using a method of birth control that was acceptable to the investigator; must be able to speak, read and understand English and be able to respond to questions and follow simple instructions; must be diagnosed at the screening interview according to Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental (...) to baseline. For depot neuroleptics, subjects must have completed 1 dosing interval by the baseline interview; must not have taken any experimental medication for at least 30 days prior to baseline; with hypothyroidism, diabetes, high blood pressure, or chronic respiratory conditions can be considered as candidates for enrollment in the trial if their conditions are stable, they are receiving standard therapies for the condition, the prescribed dose and regimen of medication is stable for at least 3

2010 Clinical Trials

718. Intervention to Reduce Stress in 0-5 Year Olds With Burns

observed from baseline to six month follow-up Change From Baseline in PTSD Semi-Structured Interview at Six Months [ Time Frame: Baseline and six-month follow-up ] Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Semi-Structured Interview is based on DSM-IV criteria, with a higher score indicative of increased symptoms of PTSD. The total rating was scored from 19 questions in three clusters of symptoms, with a score range of 0-38. Change in scores were observed from baseline to six month follow-up. Change From Baseline (...) of an optional meeting with a member of the SHC Psychiatry Department. During this meeting, parents will have the chance to review any areas of pain, anxiety, or support that came up during their interviews or any other areas of concern about their child or his/her hospitalization that they wish to raise. Other Name: Psychosocial Intervention Experimental: DEF + COPE Distress Emotional Support and Family Assessment Treatment and Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment Treatment Behavioral: DEF + COPE

2009 Clinical Trials

719. Characterization of Factors Influencing the Cognitive Decline in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease

to cardiac surgery or patients candidate to coronary angioplasty. Exclusion Criteria: presenting a psychiatric illness that can interfere with the mental state and with scores provided in this study (explored in a systematic manner by the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview DSM 4). Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided (...) in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Layout table for eligibility information Ages Eligible for Study: 18 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult) Sexes Eligible for Study: All Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No Criteria Inclusion Criteria: aged more than 18 years, candidate

2009 Clinical Trials

720. Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Armodafinil as Treatment for Patients With Excessive Sleepiness Associated With Mild or Moderate Closed Traumatic Brain Injury

Question on the Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale Since Last Visit Version (C-SSRS SLV) at Week 2, Months 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and Endpoint (Month 12, or Last Postbaseline Observation) [ Time Frame: Week 2, Months 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and Endpoint (Month 12, or last postbaseline observation); median (full range) of treatment was 98 (5.0 to 326.0) days. ] The percentage of participants answering 'yes' to any of the 9 yes/no questions about suicidal behaviors, ideations, and acts at given time points (...) are presented. The C-SSRS captures occurrence, severity, and frequency of suicide-related thoughts and behaviors since last visit (SLV). Questions included the presence (yes) or absence (no) of the following: a wish to be dead; nonspecific active suicidal thoughts; actual suicide attempt; non-suicidal self-injurious behavior; interrupted attempt; aborted attempt; suicidal behavior; preparatory suicidal acts or behavior; and completed suicide. Change From Baseline in the Total Score From the Self-Reported

2009 Clinical Trials

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