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Intelligence Testing

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161. Exploring the relationship between video game expertise and fluid intelligence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

MOBA League of Legends' correlates with fluid intelligence as measured under controlled laboratory conditions. In the second study, we also show that the age profile of performance in the two most widely-played MOBAs (League of Legends and DOTA II) matches that of raw fluid intelligence. We discuss and extend previous videogame literature on intelligence and videogames and suggest that commercial video games can be useful as 'proxy' tests of cognitive performance at a global population level. (...) Exploring the relationship between video game expertise and fluid intelligence. Hundreds of millions of people play intellectually-demanding video games every day. What does individual performance on these games tell us about cognition? Here, we describe two studies that examine the potential link between intelligence and performance in one of the most popular video games genres in the world (Multiplayer Online Battle Arenas: MOBAs). In the first study, we show that performance in the popular

2017 PLoS ONE

162. Association between intelligence quotient and violence perpetration in the English general population. (Abstract)

Association between intelligence quotient and violence perpetration in the English general population. Data on the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and violence perpetration are scarce and nationally representative data from the UK adult population is lacking. Therefore, our goal was to examine the relationship between IQ and violence perpetration using nationally representative community-based data from the UK.We analyzed cross-sectional data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric (...) Morbidity Survey. IQ was estimated using the National Adult Reading Test (NART). Violence perpetration referred to being in a physical fight or having deliberately hit anyone in the past 5 years. We conducted logistic regression analysis to assess the association between IQ (exposure variable) and violence perpetration (outcome variable).There were 6872 participants aged ⩾16 years included in this study. The prevalence of violence perpetration decreased linearly with increasing IQ [16.3% (IQ 70-79) v

2018 Psychological Medicine

163. The influence of childhood intelligence, social class, education and social mobility on memory and memory decline in late life. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The influence of childhood intelligence, social class, education and social mobility on memory and memory decline in late life. In an observational longitudinal study of a sub-sample of the Aberdeen 1936 birth cohort, from age 62 to 77 years, we investigated childhood intelligence, social class, education, life-course social mobility, memory test performance and memory decline in late life. We examined 388 local residents who had attended school in Aberdeen in 1947 and measured Auditory-Verbal (...) Learning Test (AVLT) at recruitment age about 64 years and up to five times until age about 77 years. Better performance at age about 64 on AVLT was predicted by early socioeconomic status (SES), social mobility and childhood intelligence. The trajectory of AVLT decline was steeper in those who had received less education. This relationship was independent of childhood ability, sex, SES in childhood and social mobility. The protection of memory by education suggests that education supports resilience

2018 Age and ageing

164. Enhanced tomographic assessment to detect corneal ectasia based on artificial intelligence. (Abstract)

Enhanced tomographic assessment to detect corneal ectasia based on artificial intelligence. To improve the detection of corneal ectasia susceptibility using tomographic data.Multicenter case-control study.Data from patients from 5 different clinics from South America, the United States, and Europe were evaluated. Artificial intelligence (AI) models were generated using Pentacam HR (Oculus, Wetzlar, Germany) parameters to discriminate the preoperative data of 3 groups: stable laser-assisted (...) in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) cases (2980 patients with minimum follow-up of 7 years), ectasia susceptibility (71 eyes of 45 patients that developed post-LASIK ectasia [PLE]), and clinical keratoconus (KC; 182 patients). Model accuracy was independently tested in a different set of stable LASIK cases (298 patients with minimum follow-up of 4 years) and in 188 unoperated patients with very asymmetric ectasia (VAE); these patients presented normal topography (VAE-NT) in 1 eye and clinically diagnosed

2018 American Journal of Ophthalmology

165. Macular Vessel Density and Ganglion Cell/Inner Plexiform Layer Thickness and Their Combinational Index Using Artificial Intelligence. (Abstract)

Macular Vessel Density and Ganglion Cell/Inner Plexiform Layer Thickness and Their Combinational Index Using Artificial Intelligence. To evaluate the relationship between macular vessel density and ganglion cell to inner plexiform layer thickness (GCIPLT) and to compare their diagnostic performance. We attempted to develop a new combined parameter using an artificial neural network.A total of 173 subjects: 100 for the test and 73 for neural net training. The test group consisted of 32 healthy

2018 Journal of Glaucoma

166. Targeted Estimation of the Relationship Between Childhood Adversity and Fluid Intelligence in a US Population Sample of Adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

(n = 10,073), we examined the associations between 11 childhood adversities and intelligence, using targeted maximum likelihood estimation. Targeted maximum likelihood estimation incorporates machine learning to identify the relationships between exposures and outcomes without overfitting, including interactions and nonlinearity. The nonverbal score from the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test was used as a standardized measure of fluid reasoning. Childhood adversities were grouped into deprivation (...) Targeted Estimation of the Relationship Between Childhood Adversity and Fluid Intelligence in a US Population Sample of Adolescents. Many studies have shown inverse associations between childhood adversity and intelligence, although most are based on small clinical samples and fail to account for the effects of multiple co-occurring adversities. Using data from the 2001-2004 National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, a cross-sectional US population study of adolescents aged 13-18 years

2018 American Journal of Epidemiology

167. An Evaluation of Output Signal to Noise Ratio as a Predictor of Cochlear Implant Speech Intelligibility. (Abstract)

An Evaluation of Output Signal to Noise Ratio as a Predictor of Cochlear Implant Speech Intelligibility. Cochlear implant (CI) sound processing strategies are usually evaluated in clinical studies involving experienced implant recipients. Metrics which estimate the capacity to perceive speech for a given set of audio and processing conditions provide an alternative means to assess the effectiveness of processing strategies. The aim of this research was to assess the ability of the output signal (...) to noise ratio (OSNR) to accurately predict speech perception. It was hypothesized that compared with the other metrics evaluated in this study (1) OSNR would have equivalent or better accuracy and (2) OSNR would be the most accurate in the presence of variable levels of speech presentation.For the first time, the accuracy of OSNR as a metric which predicts speech intelligibility was compared, in a retrospective study, with that of the input signal to noise ratio (ISNR) and the short-term objective

2018 Ear and hearing

168. Effects of Hearing Loss and Fast-Acting Compression on Amplitude Modulation Perception and Speech Intelligibility. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Hearing Loss and Fast-Acting Compression on Amplitude Modulation Perception and Speech Intelligibility. The purpose was to investigate the effects of hearing-loss and fast-acting compression on speech intelligibility and two measures of temporal modulation sensitivity.Twelve adults with normal hearing (NH) and 16 adults with mild to moderately severe sensorineural hearing loss were tested. Amplitude modulation detection and modulation-depth discrimination (MDD) thresholds (...) with sinusoidal carriers of 1 or 5 kHz and modulators in the range from 8 to 256 Hz were used as measures of temporal modulation sensitivity. Speech intelligibility was assessed by obtaining speech reception thresholds in stationary and fluctuating background noise. All thresholds were obtained with and without compression (using a fixed compression ratio of 2:1).For modulation detection, the thresholds were similar or lower for the group with hearing loss than for the group with NH. In contrast, the MDD

2018 Ear and hearing

169. Deep Learning-Based Noise Reduction Approach to Improve Speech Intelligibility for Cochlear Implant Recipients. (Abstract)

noise, at 0 and 5 dB SNR levels. Two conventional NR techniques and the proposed deep learning-based approach are used to process the noisy utterances. We qualitatively compare the NR approaches by the amplitude envelope and spectrogram plots of the processed utterances. Quantitative objective measures include (1) normalized covariance measure to test the intelligibility of the utterances processed by each of the NR approaches; and (2) speech recognition tests conducted by nine Mandarin-speaking CI (...) recipients. These nine CI recipients use their own clinical speech processors during testing.The experimental results of objective evaluation and listening test indicate that under challenging listening conditions, the proposed NC + DDAE NR approach yields higher intelligibility scores than the two compared classical NR techniques, under both matched and mismatched training-testing conditions.When compared to the two well-known conventional NR techniques under challenging listening condition

2018 Ear and hearing

170. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program of Emotional Intelligence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes (INTEDI)

Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program of Emotional Intelligence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes (INTEDI) Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program of Emotional Intelligence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes (INTEDI) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Program of Emotional Intelligence in Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes (INTEDI) (INTEDI) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details

2018 Clinical Trials

171. Impact of an intelligent chronic disease management system on patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Beijing community. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of an intelligent chronic disease management system on patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a Beijing community. Rapid demographic and economic changes have made chronic disease the number one health issue in China, contributing to more than 80% of the country's 10.3 million annual deaths and nearly 70% of its total disease burden (Wang et al., Toward a Healthy and Harmonious Life in China: Stemming the Rising Tide of Non-Communicable Diseases, 2011; Yip and Hsiao, Lancet 384: 805 (...) in Australia (Kelly et al., Aust J Prim Health 9:186-9, 2003). The ICDMS is an important tool in the implementation of patient-centered programs targeting chronic health issues, and its success is determined by factors, such as frequent contact between patients and doctors and effective website training for patients. This retrospective study used de-identified data from the Fangzhuang (Beijing) intelligent chronic disease management system (ICDMS) database to evaluate the effect of an intelligent chronic

2018 BMC health services research

172. Programming Cochlear Implant With Artificial Intelligence

'. The investigators want to compare, objectify, and control this new mode of programming. The study is planned over 4 years, in order to test, randomized, 15 subjects with manual programming and 15 other subjects with Artificial Intelligence programming. To test the performance of Cochlear Implant patients, audiological, language auditory perception and questionnaire tests will be presented. This research aims to determine the contribution and results of Artificial Intelligence programming. Condition or disease (...) test the 22 electrodes so that the patient is able to hear the language Experimental: Artificial Intelligence The patient is receiving the new treatment : 4 sessions of 1 hour during one year where the clinician programs the Cochlear implant with the FOX (Fitting to Outcome eXpert) software using artificial intelligence. Other: Manual intervention to programme Cochlear Implant electrodes The Clinician test the 22 electrodes so that the patient is able to hear the language Outcome Measures Go

2018 Clinical Trials

173. Artificial intelligence machine learning-based coronary CT fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR<sub>ML</sub>): Impact of iterative and filtered back projection reconstruction techniques. (Abstract)

Artificial intelligence machine learning-based coronary CT fractional flow reserve (CT-FFRML): Impact of iterative and filtered back projection reconstruction techniques. The influence of computed tomography (CT) reconstruction algorithms on the performance of machine-learning-based CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFRML) has not been investigated. CT-FFRML values and processing time of two reconstruction algorithms were compared using an on-site workstation.CT-FFRML (...) was computed on 40 coronary CT angiography (CCTA) datasets that were reconstructed with both iterative reconstruction in image space (IRIS) and filtered back-projection (FBP) algorithms. CT-FFRML was computed on a per-vessel and per-segment basis as well as distal to lesions with ≥50% stenosis on CCTA. Processing times were recorded. Significant flow-limiting stenosis was defined as invasive FFR and CT-FFRML values ≤ 0.80. Pearson's correlation, Wilcoxon, and McNemar statistical testing were used for data

2018 Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography

174. Maternal and offspring intelligence in relation to BMI across childhood and adolescence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Maternal and offspring intelligence in relation to BMI across childhood and adolescence. The present study tested the association between both mothers' and offspring's intelligence and offspring's body mass index (BMI) in youth.Participants were members of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY-79) Children and Young Adults cohort (n = 11,512) and their biological mothers who were members of the NLSY-79 (n = 4932). Offspring's IQ was measured with the Peabody Individual (...) Achievement Test (PIAT). Mothers' IQ was measured with the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT). A series of regression analyses tested the association between IQ and offspring's BMI by age group, while adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI and family SES. The analyses were stratified by sex and ethnicity (non-Black and non-Hispanic, Black, and Hispanic).The following associations were observed in the fully adjusted analyses. For the non-Blacks and non-Hispanics, a SD increment in mothers' IQ was negatively

2018 International Journal of Obesity

175. Burnout is Associated With Emotional Intelligence but not Traditional Job Performance Measurements in Surgical Residents. (Abstract)

Burnout is Associated With Emotional Intelligence but not Traditional Job Performance Measurements in Surgical Residents. To evaluate whether burnout was associated with emotional intelligence and job performance in surgical residents.General surgery residents at a single institution were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and trait EI questionnaire (TEIQ-SF). Burnout was defined as scoring in 2 of the 3 following domains; Emotional Exhaustion (high), Depersonalization (high (...) ), and Personal Accomplishment (low). Job performance was evaluated using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3. USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2, which were taken prior to residency training, were included to examine possible associations of burnout with USMLE examinations. Statistical comparison was made using Pearson

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

176. Tailored Drug Titration Through Artificial Intelligence

by (Responsible Party): Optima Integrated Health Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: ARTERY is a randomized clinical trial that investigates the benefit of a predictive modeling artificial intelligence in improving the management of anti-hypertensive medication treatment. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Hypertension Other: optima4BP Not Applicable Detailed Description: The goal of the proposed research is to test a connected medication management platform technology (...) Tailored Drug Titration Through Artificial Intelligence Tailored Drug Titration Through Artificial Intelligence - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Tailored Drug Titration Through Artificial

2018 Clinical Trials

177. A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images

A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov

2018 Clinical Trials

178. Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma

Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (AI) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03611387 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 2, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

179. Neurobiological correlates of emotional intelligence in voice and face perception networks Full Text available with Trip Pro

of emotional intelligence as measured with the Salovey-Caruso-Emotional-Intelligence-Test (MSCEIT) with cerebral voice and face processing using functional and structural magnetic resonance imaging. MSCEIT scores were positively correlated with increased voice-sensitivity and gray matter volume of the insula accompanied by voice-sensitivity enhanced connectivity between the insula and the temporal voice area, indicating generally increased salience of voices. Conversely, in the face processing system (...) Neurobiological correlates of emotional intelligence in voice and face perception networks Facial expressions and voice modulations are among the most important communicational signals to convey emotional information. The ability to correctly interpret this information is highly relevant for successful social interaction and represents an integral component of emotional competencies that have been conceptualized under the term emotional intelligence. Here, we investigated the relationship

2018 Social cognitive and affective neuroscience

180. Knowledge Is Power for Medical Assistants: Crystallized and Fluid Intelligence As Predictors of Vocational Knowledge Full Text available with Trip Pro

of vocational knowledge in vocational education and training (VET) was examined for medical assistant students (n = 448). Differences in domain-specific vocational knowledge were predicted by crystallized and fluid intelligence in the course of VET. A multiple matrix design with 3 year-specific booklets was used for the vocational knowledge tests of the medical assistants. The unique and joint contributions of the predictors were investigated with structural equation modeling. Crystallized intelligence (...) Knowledge Is Power for Medical Assistants: Crystallized and Fluid Intelligence As Predictors of Vocational Knowledge Medical education research has focused almost entirely on the education of future physicians. In comparison, findings on other health-related occupations, such as medical assistants, are scarce. With the current study, we wanted to examine the knowledge-is-power hypothesis in a real life educational setting and add to the sparse literature on medical assistants. Acquisition

2018 Frontiers in psychology

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