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Intelligence Testing

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141. Diffusion markers of dendritic density and arborization in gray matter predict differences in intelligence (PubMed)

, neuroimaging studies have shown that intelligent individuals, despite their larger brains, tend to exhibit lower rates of brain activity during reasoning. However, the microstructural architecture underlying both observations remains unclear. By combining advanced multi-shell diffusion tensor imaging with a culture-fair matrix-reasoning test, we found that higher intelligence in healthy individuals is related to lower values of dendritic density and arborization. These results suggest that the neuronal (...) Diffusion markers of dendritic density and arborization in gray matter predict differences in intelligence Previous research has demonstrated that individuals with higher intelligence are more likely to have larger gray matter volume in brain areas predominantly located in parieto-frontal regions. These findings were usually interpreted to mean that individuals with more cortical brain volume possess more neurons and thus exhibit more computational capacity during reasoning. In addition

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2018 Nature communications

142. Understanding the Links Between Self-Report Emotional Intelligence and Suicide Risk: Does Psychological Distress Mediate This Relationship Across Time and Samples? (PubMed)

Understanding the Links Between Self-Report Emotional Intelligence and Suicide Risk: Does Psychological Distress Mediate This Relationship Across Time and Samples? Objective: In the last decades, increasing attention has been paid to examining psychological resources that might contribute to our understanding of suicide risk. Although Emotional Intelligence (EI) is one dimension that has been linked with decreased suicidal ideation and behaviors, we detected several gaps in the literature (...) in this area regarding the research designs and samples involved. In this research, we aimed to test a mediator model considering self-report EI, psychological distress and suicide risk across samples adopting both cross-sectional and prospective designs in two independent studies. Method: In Study 1, our purpose was to examine the potential role of psychological distress as a mediator in the relationship between self-report EI and suicide risk in a community sample comprised of 438 adults (270 women; mean

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2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry

143. The relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking skills in Iranian nursing students (PubMed)

in nursing students. Methods: This was a quantitative, descriptive-correlative Study. Participants were nursing students in different levels. To collect data, California Critical Thinking Test (form B) and Bar-On Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire were used. Then, data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS 16 software. Results: Pearson correlation test showed no significant correlation between the total score of critical thinking skills and each of its components (...) The relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking skills in Iranian nursing students Background: Critical thinking skills are one of the most important competencies in successful clinical performance of nursing students. Emotional intelligence is also one of the concepts related to critical thinking and can play an important role in the ability to think. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking

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2018 Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

144. Examining Brain Structures Associated With Emotional Intelligence and the Mediated Effect on Trait Creativity in Young Adults (PubMed)

Examining Brain Structures Associated With Emotional Intelligence and the Mediated Effect on Trait Creativity in Young Adults Little is known about the association between emotional intelligence (EI) and trait creativity (TC), and the brain structural bases which involves. This study investigated the neuroanatomical basis of the association between EI and TC which measured by the Schutte self-report EI scale and the Williams creativity aptitude test. First, the voxel-based morphometry (VBM

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2018 Frontiers in psychology

145. A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images

A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov

2018 Clinical Trials

146. Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma

Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (AI) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03611387 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 2, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

147. Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System

Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Eligible patients for AI test. Device: ophthalmology diagnostic system. An artificial intelligence to make comprehensive evaluation and treatment decision of ocular diseases. Device: Ophthalmology diagnostic system. An artificial intelligence to make comprehensive evaluation and treatment decision of ocular diseases. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The proportion of accurate, mistaken and miss detection of the ophthalmology (...) Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Validation

2018 Clinical Trials

148. Emotional Intelligence in Patients With Addictive Disorder

and Repair. Each of these three subscales consists of eight items with a 5-point Likert response format (ranging from 1 to 5). Subscale total scores are obtained by summing responses to all items and thus range from 8 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater level of the characteristic assessed. Score on an ability measure of emotional intelligence, the Spanish version of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (Extremera & Fernández-Berrocal, 2016). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention only (...) ] The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) consists of 141 items that yield an overall emotional intelligence (EI) score and two EI area scores: the Experiential EI and Strategic EI scores. The aforementioned scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15, with higher scores indicating greater emotional intelligence. Secondary Outcome Measures : Change in self-esteem, measured with the Spanish version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Martin-Albo, Núñez, Navarro & Grijalvo

2018 Clinical Trials

149. A Cross-Sectional Study of Emotional Intelligence in Military General Surgery Residents. (PubMed)

A Cross-Sectional Study of Emotional Intelligence in Military General Surgery Residents. Higher emotional Intelligence (EI) is linked to improved doctor-patient relationships, empathy, teamwork, communication skills, stress management, and leadership in medicine. This study analyzes the effects of age, postgraduate year (PGY), gender, and prior military experience on EI in military general surgery residents, and compares these to the general population and civilian surgery residents.This (...) is a retrospective, observational study. Results were analyzed using independent sample t test and linear regression to compare general surgery residents with the normative population and civilian general surgery residents.The general surgery department at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, a single-center, academic institution.All general surgery residents, PGY 1 to 6, were surveyed at the beginning of academic year, in June 2016.There were no statistically discernable differences in global EI

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

150. Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment

Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03530098 Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation First Posted : May 21, 2018 Last Update Posted : February 20, 2019 Sponsor: Stanford University

2018 Clinical Trials

151. Adaptive, Real-time, Intelligent System to Enhance Self-care of Chronic Disease

Adaptive, Real-time, Intelligent System to Enhance Self-care of Chronic Disease Adaptive, Real-time, Intelligent System to Enhance Self-care of Chronic Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Adaptive, Real-time, Intelligent System to Enhance Self-care of Chronic Disease (ARISES) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03643692 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 23, 2018 Last Update

2018 Clinical Trials

152. Programming Cochlear Implant With Artificial Intelligence

'. The investigators want to compare, objectify, and control this new mode of programming. The study is planned over 4 years, in order to test, randomized, 15 subjects with manual programming and 15 other subjects with Artificial Intelligence programming. To test the performance of Cochlear Implant patients, audiological, language auditory perception and questionnaire tests will be presented. This research aims to determine the contribution and results of Artificial Intelligence programming. Condition or disease (...) test the 22 electrodes so that the patient is able to hear the language Experimental: Artificial Intelligence The patient is receiving the new treatment : 4 sessions of 1 hour during one year where the clinician programs the Cochlear implant with the FOX (Fitting to Outcome eXpert) software using artificial intelligence. Other: Manual intervention to programme Cochlear Implant electrodes The Clinician test the 22 electrodes so that the patient is able to hear the language Outcome Measures Go

2018 Clinical Trials

153. Artificial Intelligence-assisted Glaucoma Screening (AIAGS)

General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Information provided by (Responsible Party): Haiyan Wang, Shanghai General Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This study will develop an artificial intelligence (AI) program for the screening of glaucoma. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Glaucoma Eye Diagnostic Test: Fundus Image Detailed Description: We have realized that the glaucomatous optic (...) Artificial Intelligence-assisted Glaucoma Screening (AIAGS) Artificial Intelligence-assisted Glaucoma Screening (AIAGS) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Artificial Intelligence-assisted

2018 Clinical Trials

154. Effectiveness of clobazam on perception, creativity, intelligence, selective and visual memory. (PubMed)

" which contained 15 young healthy volunteers. The "placebo group" also entailed 15 subjects and each was administered with placebo drug. The controlled group‟ also included 15 subjects. All these 45 young healthy subjects were subjected to tests for perceptual learning, creativity, selective memory, visual memory and intelligence. Results clearly demonstrated significant impact of clobazam at the dose of 5mg/day on perceptual learning (P=0.0380), creativity (P=0.0787), memory function (P=0.4920 (...) Effectiveness of clobazam on perception, creativity, intelligence, selective and visual memory. Clobazam belongs to benzodiazepine class and is preferably used against anti-epileptic disorders. However, when used in reduced doses, its ability for improving cognitive functions becomes explicitly evident. This study objectively undertook the task of using the reduced doses of clobazam for proving potentials effects on cognitive functions. The drug, clobazam was administered in "active group

2018 Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences

155. Maximum Swing Flexion or Gait Symmetry: A Comparative Evaluation of Control Targets on Metabolic Energy Expenditure of Amputee Using Intelligent Prosthetic Knee. (PubMed)

Maximum Swing Flexion or Gait Symmetry: A Comparative Evaluation of Control Targets on Metabolic Energy Expenditure of Amputee Using Intelligent Prosthetic Knee. The metabolic energy expenditure (MEE) was the most important assessment standard of intelligent prosthetic knee (IPK). Maximum swing flexion (MSF) angle and gait symmetry (GS) were two control targets representing different developing directions for IPK. However, the few comparisons based on MEE assessment between the MSF and GS (...) consumption analysis during walking at different speeds on a treadmill was carried out.All subjects showed increased oxygen consumption as walking speed increased. However, no statistically significant differences were found in oxygen consumption for different control targets. The ANOVA test showed that the overall effects of the control targets of the prosthetic knee on oxygen consumption were not significant across all walking speeds.The control targets of MSF and GS showed no significant differences

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2018 BioMed research international

156. Using Psychological Artificial Intelligence (Tess) to Relieve Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Using Psychological Artificial Intelligence (Tess) to Relieve Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial. Students in need of mental health care face many barriers including cost, location, availability, and stigma. Studies show that computer-assisted therapy and 1 conversational chatbot delivering cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) offer a less-intensive and more cost-effective alternative for treating depression and anxiety. Although CBT is one of the most effective (...) treatment methods, applying an integrative approach has been linked to equally effective posttreatment improvement. Integrative psychological artificial intelligence (AI) offers a scalable solution as the demand for affordable, convenient, lasting, and secure support grows.This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using an integrative psychological AI, Tess, to reduce self-identified symptoms of depression and anxiety in college students.In this randomized controlled trial, 75

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2018 JMIR mental health

157. Three-dimensional Visualization Software Assists Learning in Students with Diverse Spatial Intelligence in Medical Education. (PubMed)

Three-dimensional Visualization Software Assists Learning in Students with Diverse Spatial Intelligence in Medical Education. This study evaluated effect of mental rotation (MR) training on learning outcomes and explored effectiveness of teaching via three-dimensional (3D) software among medical students with diverse spatial intelligence. Data from n = 67 student volunteers were included. A preliminary test was conducted to obtain baseline level of MR competency and was utilized to assign (...) participants to two experimental conditions, i.e., trained group (n = 25) and untrained group (n = 42). Data on the effectiveness of training were collected to measure participants' speed and accuracy in performing various MR activities. Six weeks later, a large class format (LCF) session was conducted for all students using 3D software. The usefulness of technology-assisted learning at the LCF was evaluated via a pre- and post-test. Students' feedback regarding MR training and use of 3D software

2018 Anatomical sciences education

158. Associations between emotional intelligence, empathy and personality in Japanese medical students (PubMed)

Associations between emotional intelligence, empathy and personality in Japanese medical students It is known that empathic communication is important for physicians to achieve higher patient satisfaction and health outcomes. Emotional intelligence (EI), empathy and personality in medical students predict students' individual disposition and their emotional and empathic perceptions. This study aimed to investigate: 1) The association between empathy, EI and personality, and 2) Gender (...) differences in the association between empathy, EI and personality.Participants were 357 1st year medical students from 2008 to 2011 at one medical school in Japan. Students completed self-report questionnaires comprising three validated instruments measuring EI: Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF), empathy: Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy- student version (JSPE) and personality: NEO-Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), which explores 5 dimensions of personality Neuroticism

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2018 BMC medical education

159. The SNARC effect is associated with worse mathematical intelligence and poorer time estimation (PubMed)

by the SNARC effect: faster left-side responses to small single digits, like 1 or 2, and faster right-side responses to large ones, like 8 or 9. Previously, we found that time estimation predicts mathematical intelligence and speculated that it may predict spatial ability too. Here, addressing this issue, we test-on a relatively large sample of adults and entirely within subjects-the relationships between (a) time: proficiency at producing and evaluating durations shorter than one second, (b) space (...) The SNARC effect is associated with worse mathematical intelligence and poorer time estimation Interactions between the ways we process space, numbers and time may arise from shared and innate generic magnitude representations. Alternatively or concurrently, such interactions could be due to the use of physical magnitudes, like spatial extent, as metaphors for more abstract ones, like number and duration. That numbers might be spatially represented along a mental number line is suggested

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2018 Royal Society Open Science

160. Artificial Intelligence Approaches in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Review of the Current Status and Future Directions (PubMed)

Artificial Intelligence Approaches in Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation: A Review of the Current Status and Future Directions The evidence-based literature on healthcare is currently expanding exponentially. The opportunities provided by the advancement in artificial intelligence (AI) tools such as machine learning are appealing in tackling many of the current healthcare challenges. Thus, AI integration is expanding in most fields of healthcare, including the field of hematology. This study (...) showed that the integration of AI in the field of HCT has grown remarkably in the last decade and offers promising avenues in diagnosis and prognosis in HCT populations targeting both pre- and post-transplant challenges. Studies of AI integration in HCT have many limitations that include poorly tested algorithms, lack of generalizability, and limited use of different AI tools. Machine learning techniques in HCT are an intense area of research that needs much development and extensive support from

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2018 Turkish Journal of Hematology

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