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Intelligence Testing

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101. Single-Word Speech Intelligibility in Children and Adults With Down Syndrome (PubMed)

Single-Word Speech Intelligibility in Children and Adults With Down Syndrome A single-word identification test was used to study speech production in children and adults with Down syndrome (DS) to determine the developmental pattern of speech intelligibility with an emphasis on vowels.Speech recordings were collected from 62 participants with DS aged 4-40 years and 25 typically developing participants aged 4-7 years. Panels of 5 adult lay listeners transcribed the speech recordings (...) orthographically, and their responses were scored in comparison with the speakers' target words.Speech intelligibility in persons with DS improved with age, especially between the ages of 4 and 16 years. Whereas consonants contribute to intelligibility, vowels also played an important role in reduced intelligibility with an apparent developmental difference in low versus high vowels, where the vowels /æ/ and/ɑ/ developed at a later age than /i/ and /u/. Interspeaker variability was large, with male individuals

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2018 American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology

102. A Strain-Based Method to Detect Tires’ Loss of Grip and Estimate Lateral Friction Coefficient from Experimental Data by Fuzzy Logic for Intelligent Tire Development (PubMed)

for developing an intelligent tire. Therefore, the aim of the intelligent tire is to monitor tire working conditions in real-time, providing useful information to other systems and becoming an active system. In this paper, tire tread deformation is measured to provide a strong experimental base with different experiments and test results by means of a tire fitted with sensors. Tests under different working conditions such as vertical load or slip angle have been carried out with an indoor tire test rig (...) A Strain-Based Method to Detect Tires’ Loss of Grip and Estimate Lateral Friction Coefficient from Experimental Data by Fuzzy Logic for Intelligent Tire Development Tires are a key sub-system of vehicles that have a big responsibility for comfort, fuel consumption and traffic safety. However, current tires are just passive rubber elements which do not contribute actively to improve the driving experience or vehicle safety. The lack of information from the tire during driving gives cause

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

103. The predictive role of spiritual intelligence in self-management in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (PubMed)

this descriptive-correlation study, 200 adolescents with type 1 diabetes were enrolled. To measure spiritual intelligence, the 24-question SISRI questionnaire and to measure self-management of diabetes, the SMOD-A questionnaire (48 questions) were used. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 18 using linear regression analysis tests. Data collection was conducted by simple sampling.Mean score of self-management of diabetes and spirituality was 86.1 ± 15.1 and 60.42 ± 12.9, respectively. Linear (...) regression test (ANOVA: 0.002, F = 9.839) showed effect on diabetes self-management (β: 0.218).This study showed that spiritual intelligence can predict diabetes self-management, though poorly predicted, and by strengthening it, has a decisive role in improving the health of adolescents with diabetes. Considering the findings of this study, a new window of nurses' performance in managing diabetes based on the promotion of spiritual intelligence in the educational, care, counseling, and support roles

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2018 Journal of education and health promotion

104. The codification of spiritual intelligence measurement model in librarianship and medical information science students of medical universities in Iran (PubMed)

, and 270 students were opted from library and medical information students of nationwide medical universities by simple random sampling and responded to the King spiritual intelligence questionnaire (2008). Initially, based on the data, the model parameters were estimated using maximum likelihood method; then, spiritual intelligence measurement model was tested by fit indices. Data analysis was performed by Smart-Partial Least Squares software.Preliminary results showed that due to the positive (...) indicators of predictive association and t-test results for spiritual intelligence parameters, the King measurement model has the acceptable fit and internal correlation of the questionnaire items was significant. Composite reliability and Cronbach's alpha of parameters indicated high reliability of spiritual intelligence model.The spiritual intelligence measurement model was evaluated, and results showed that the model has a good fit, so it is recommended that domestic researchers use this questionnaire

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2018 Journal of education and health promotion

105. Agent-Based Intelligent Interface for Wheelchair Movement Control (PubMed)

Agent-Based Intelligent Interface for Wheelchair Movement Control People who suffer from any kind of motor difficulty face serious complications to autonomously move in their daily lives. However, a growing number research projects which propose different powered wheelchairs control systems are arising. Despite of the interest of the research community in the area, there is no platform that allows an easy integration of various control methods that make use of heterogeneous sensors (...) system, a voice interface or as specifically designed smartphone application. A set of tests were conducted to test both the platform adequacy and the accuracy and ease of use of the proposed control systems yielding positive results that can be useful in further wheelchair interfaces design and implementation.

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

106. Future Innovations in Viral Immune Surveillance: A Novel Place for Bioinformation and Artificial Intelligence in the Administration of Health Care (PubMed)

Future Innovations in Viral Immune Surveillance: A Novel Place for Bioinformation and Artificial Intelligence in the Administration of Health Care Novel developments in bioinformation, bioinformatics and biostatistics, including artificial intelligence (AI), play a timely and critical role in translational care. Case in point, the extent to which viral immune surveillance is regulated by immune cells and soluble factors, and by non-immune factors informs the administration of health care (...) that, allostatically speaking, interfere with regaining health. Any gaps in knowledge are filled by AI-aided immune tweening. Proof of concept can be tested with the fast-gaining infection using tick-borne Bunyavirus that cause severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS).

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2018 Bioinformation

107. Design and Implementation of a Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network to Support the Intelligent Control of Efficient Energy Usage (PubMed)

Design and Implementation of a Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network to Support the Intelligent Control of Efficient Energy Usage Energy saving has become a major concern for the developed society of our days. This paper presents a Wireless Sensor and Actuator Network (WSAN) designed to provide support to an automatic intelligent system, based on the Internet of Things (IoT), which enables a responsible consumption of energy. The proposed overall system performs an efficient energetic management (...) of devices, machines and processes, optimizing their operation to achieve a reduction in their overall energy usage at any given time. For this purpose, relevant data is collected from intelligent sensors, which are in-stalled at the required locations, as well as from the energy market through the Internet. This information is analysed to provide knowledge about energy utilization, and to improve efficiency. The system takes autonomous decisions automatically, based on the available information

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

108. Artificial intelligence diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection using blue laser imaging-bright and linked color imaging: a single-center prospective study (PubMed)

Artificial intelligence diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori infection using blue laser imaging-bright and linked color imaging: a single-center prospective study Deep learning is a type of artificial intelligence (AI) that imitates the neural network in the brain. We generated an AI to diagnose Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection using blue laser imaging (BLI)-bright and linked color imaging (LCI). The aim of this pilot study was to establish an AI diagnosing system that predicts H. pylori (...) infection status using endoscopic images to improve the accuracy and productivity of endoscopic examination.A total of 222 enrolled subjects (105 H. pylori-positive) underwent esophagogastroduodenoscopy and a serum test for H. pylori IgG antibodies. During esophagogastroduodenoscopy, an endoscopist sequentially took 3 still images of the lesser curvature of the stomach using white light imaging (WLI), BLI-bright, and LCI. EG-L580NW endoscopic equipment (FUJIFILM Co., Japan) was used for the study

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2018 Annals of Gastroenterology

109. A Vision-Based Counting and Recognition System for Flying Insects in Intelligent Agriculture (PubMed)

are selected to assess the effectiveness of the system. Compared with the conventional methods, the test results show promising performance. The average counting accuracy is 92.50% and average classifying accuracy is 90.18% on Raspberry PI. The proposed system is easy-to-use and provides efficient and accurate recognition data, therefore, it can be used for intelligent agriculture applications. (...) A Vision-Based Counting and Recognition System for Flying Insects in Intelligent Agriculture Rapid and accurate counting and recognition of flying insects are of great importance, especially for pest control. Traditional manual identification and counting of flying insects is labor intensive and inefficient. In this study, a vision-based counting and classification system for flying insects is designed and implemented. The system is constructed as follows: firstly, a yellow sticky trap

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

110. Emotional intelligence among medical students: a mixed methods study from Chennai, India (PubMed)

, survey was conducted among 207 medical students in a college in Chennai, India using the Quick Emotional Intelligence Self Assessment Test and some hypothetical emotional clinical vignettes. This was followed by a qualitative moderated fish-bowl discussion to elicit the opinion of medical students on role of emotions in the practice of medicine.The mean score of Emotional Intelligence was 107.58 (SD 16.44) out of a maximum possible score of 160. Students who went to government schools for high school (...) Emotional intelligence among medical students: a mixed methods study from Chennai, India Emotional Intelligence is the ability of a person to understand and respond to one's own and others' emotions and use this understanding to guide one's thoughts and actions. To assess the level of emotional intelligence of medical students in a medical college in Chennai and to explore their understanding of the role of emotions in medical practice.A quantitative, cross sectional, questionnaire based

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2018 BMC medical education

111. Diffusion markers of dendritic density and arborization in gray matter predict differences in intelligence (PubMed)

, neuroimaging studies have shown that intelligent individuals, despite their larger brains, tend to exhibit lower rates of brain activity during reasoning. However, the microstructural architecture underlying both observations remains unclear. By combining advanced multi-shell diffusion tensor imaging with a culture-fair matrix-reasoning test, we found that higher intelligence in healthy individuals is related to lower values of dendritic density and arborization. These results suggest that the neuronal (...) Diffusion markers of dendritic density and arborization in gray matter predict differences in intelligence Previous research has demonstrated that individuals with higher intelligence are more likely to have larger gray matter volume in brain areas predominantly located in parieto-frontal regions. These findings were usually interpreted to mean that individuals with more cortical brain volume possess more neurons and thus exhibit more computational capacity during reasoning. In addition

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2018 Nature communications

112. Understanding the Links Between Self-Report Emotional Intelligence and Suicide Risk: Does Psychological Distress Mediate This Relationship Across Time and Samples? (PubMed)

Understanding the Links Between Self-Report Emotional Intelligence and Suicide Risk: Does Psychological Distress Mediate This Relationship Across Time and Samples? Objective: In the last decades, increasing attention has been paid to examining psychological resources that might contribute to our understanding of suicide risk. Although Emotional Intelligence (EI) is one dimension that has been linked with decreased suicidal ideation and behaviors, we detected several gaps in the literature (...) in this area regarding the research designs and samples involved. In this research, we aimed to test a mediator model considering self-report EI, psychological distress and suicide risk across samples adopting both cross-sectional and prospective designs in two independent studies. Method: In Study 1, our purpose was to examine the potential role of psychological distress as a mediator in the relationship between self-report EI and suicide risk in a community sample comprised of 438 adults (270 women; mean

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2018 Frontiers in Psychiatry

113. The relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking skills in Iranian nursing students (PubMed)

in nursing students. Methods: This was a quantitative, descriptive-correlative Study. Participants were nursing students in different levels. To collect data, California Critical Thinking Test (form B) and Bar-On Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire were used. Then, data were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS 16 software. Results: Pearson correlation test showed no significant correlation between the total score of critical thinking skills and each of its components (...) The relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking skills in Iranian nursing students Background: Critical thinking skills are one of the most important competencies in successful clinical performance of nursing students. Emotional intelligence is also one of the concepts related to critical thinking and can play an important role in the ability to think. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the relationship between emotional intelligence and critical thinking

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2018 Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

114. Examining Brain Structures Associated With Emotional Intelligence and the Mediated Effect on Trait Creativity in Young Adults (PubMed)

Examining Brain Structures Associated With Emotional Intelligence and the Mediated Effect on Trait Creativity in Young Adults Little is known about the association between emotional intelligence (EI) and trait creativity (TC), and the brain structural bases which involves. This study investigated the neuroanatomical basis of the association between EI and TC which measured by the Schutte self-report EI scale and the Williams creativity aptitude test. First, the voxel-based morphometry (VBM

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2018 Frontiers in psychology

115. A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images

A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Multi-center Study on the Artificial Intelligence Enabled Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Based on Fundus Images The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov

2018 Clinical Trials

116. Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma

Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Artificial Intelligence Screening on Patients With Primary Angle Closure Glaucoma (AI) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03611387 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : August 2, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

117. Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System

Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Eligible patients for AI test. Device: ophthalmology diagnostic system. An artificial intelligence to make comprehensive evaluation and treatment decision of ocular diseases. Device: Ophthalmology diagnostic system. An artificial intelligence to make comprehensive evaluation and treatment decision of ocular diseases. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The proportion of accurate, mistaken and miss detection of the ophthalmology (...) Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Validation

2018 Clinical Trials

118. Emotional Intelligence in Patients With Addictive Disorder

and Repair. Each of these three subscales consists of eight items with a 5-point Likert response format (ranging from 1 to 5). Subscale total scores are obtained by summing responses to all items and thus range from 8 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater level of the characteristic assessed. Score on an ability measure of emotional intelligence, the Spanish version of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (Extremera & Fernández-Berrocal, 2016). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention only (...) ] The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) consists of 141 items that yield an overall emotional intelligence (EI) score and two EI area scores: the Experiential EI and Strategic EI scores. The aforementioned scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15, with higher scores indicating greater emotional intelligence. Secondary Outcome Measures : Change in self-esteem, measured with the Spanish version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Martin-Albo, Núñez, Navarro & Grijalvo

2018 Clinical Trials

119. A Cross-Sectional Study of Emotional Intelligence in Military General Surgery Residents. (PubMed)

A Cross-Sectional Study of Emotional Intelligence in Military General Surgery Residents. Higher emotional Intelligence (EI) is linked to improved doctor-patient relationships, empathy, teamwork, communication skills, stress management, and leadership in medicine. This study analyzes the effects of age, postgraduate year (PGY), gender, and prior military experience on EI in military general surgery residents, and compares these to the general population and civilian surgery residents.This (...) is a retrospective, observational study. Results were analyzed using independent sample t test and linear regression to compare general surgery residents with the normative population and civilian general surgery residents.The general surgery department at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, a single-center, academic institution.All general surgery residents, PGY 1 to 6, were surveyed at the beginning of academic year, in June 2016.There were no statistically discernable differences in global EI

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

120. Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment

Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before (...) adding more. Validation of an Artificial Intelligence-based Algorithm for Skeletal Age Assessment The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03530098 Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation First Posted : May 21, 2018 Last Update Posted : February 20, 2019 Sponsor: Stanford University

2018 Clinical Trials

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