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Intelligence Testing

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81. Survey of Expert Opinion on Intelligence: Causes of International Differences in Cognitive Ability Tests Full Text available with Trip Pro

Survey of Expert Opinion on Intelligence: Causes of International Differences in Cognitive Ability Tests Following Snyderman and Rothman (1987, 1988), we surveyed expert opinions on the current state of intelligence research. This report examines expert opinions on causes of international differences in student assessment and psychometric IQ test results. Experts were surveyed about the importance of culture, genes, education (quantity and quality), wealth, health, geography, climate, politics (...) , modernization, sampling error, test knowledge, discrimination, test bias, and migration. The importance of these factors was evaluated for diverse countries, regions, and groups including Finland, East Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Southern Europe, the Arabian-Muslim world, Latin America, Israel, Jews in the West, Roma (gypsies), and Muslim immigrants. Education was rated by N = 71 experts as the most important cause of international ability differences. Genes were rated as the second most relevant factor

2016 Frontiers in psychology

82. Testing Relations of Crystallized and Fluid Intelligence and the Incremental Predictive Validity of Conscientiousness and Its Facets on Career Success in a Small Sample of German and Swiss Workers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Testing Relations of Crystallized and Fluid Intelligence and the Incremental Predictive Validity of Conscientiousness and Its Facets on Career Success in a Small Sample of German and Swiss Workers This study examined the relation of fluid and crystallized intelligence with extrinsic (occupational skill level, income) and intrinsic (job satisfaction) career success as well as the incremental predictive validity of conscientiousness and its facets. Participants (N = 121) completed the Reynolds (...) Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS), the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R), and reported their occupational skill level, income, and job satisfaction. Results revealed that crystallized intelligence was positively related to occupational skill level, but not to income. The association of crystallized intelligence and job satisfaction was negative and stronger for the lowest occupational skill level, whereas it was non-significant for higher levels. Fluid intelligence showed no association

2016 Frontiers in psychology

83. In Silico Testing of an Artificial-Intelligence-Based Artificial Pancreas Designed for Use in the Intensive Care Unit Setting Full Text available with Trip Pro

In Silico Testing of an Artificial-Intelligence-Based Artificial Pancreas Designed for Use in the Intensive Care Unit Setting Effective glucose control in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting has the potential to decrease morbidity and mortality rates which should in turn lead to decreased health care expenditures. Current ICU-based glucose controllers are mathematically derived, and tend to be based on proportional integral derivative (PID) or model predictive control (MPC). Artificial (...) intelligence (AI)-based closed loop glucose controllers may have the ability to achieve control that improves on the results achieved by either PID or MPC controllers.We conducted an in silico analysis of an AI-based glucose controller designed for use in the ICU setting. This controller was tested using a mathematical model of the ICU patient's glucose-insulin system. A total of 126 000 unique 5-day simulations were carried out, resulting in 107 million glucose values for analysis.For the 7 control ranges

2016 Journal of diabetes science and technology

84. Cognitive differences between orang-utan species: a test of the cultural intelligence hypothesis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive differences between orang-utan species: a test of the cultural intelligence hypothesis Cultural species can - or even prefer to - learn their skills from conspecifics. According to the cultural intelligence hypothesis, selection on underlying mechanisms not only improves this social learning ability but also the asocial (individual) learning ability. Thus, species with systematically richer opportunities to socially acquire knowledge and skills should over time evolve to become more (...) intelligent. We experimentally compared the problem-solving ability of Sumatran orang-utans (Pongo abelii), which are sociable in the wild, with that of the closely related, but more solitary Bornean orang-utans (P. pygmaeus), under the homogeneous environmental conditions provided by zoos. Our results revealed that Sumatrans showed superior innate problem-solving skills to Borneans, and also showed greater inhibition and a more cautious and less rough exploration style. This pattern is consistent

2016 Scientific reports

85. Process Overlap Theory and First Principles of Intelligence Testing Full Text available with Trip Pro

Process Overlap Theory and First Principles of Intelligence Testing The purpose of this comment is to put the Process Overlap Theory of Kovacs and Conway in the broadest possible context. I will briefly discuss the nature of intelligence testing and then relate it to the theory under consideration before making a few concluding comments.

2016 Psychological inquiry

86. Performance on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2 by Children with Williams Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2 by Children with Williams Syndrome We describe the performance of 292 4- to 17-year-olds with Williams syndrome (WS) on the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test-2 (KBIT-2; Kaufman & Kaufman, 2004). Mean IQ Composite, Verbal standard score (SS), and Nonverbal SS were in the borderline range relative to the general population, with variability similar to the general population. Correlations between SSs and CA were close to 0, with no significant sex

2016 American journal on intellectual and developmental disabilities

87. Development of an Intelligent POWER Rehabilitation Cluster Machine and Its Clinical Testing and Assessment

Development of an Intelligent POWER Rehabilitation Cluster Machine and Its Clinical Testing and Assessment Development of an Intelligent POWER Rehabilitation Cluster Machine and Its Clinical Testing and Assessment - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100 (...) ). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Development of an Intelligent POWER Rehabilitation Cluster Machine and Its Clinical Testing and Assessment The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02685839 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified May 2016 by Taipei Veterans General Hospital

2016 Clinical Trials

88. The effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life in haemodialysis patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

behavioural changes, the patients filled out the data collection tools six and 12weeks after the completion of the education programme.The mean score of quality of life in the intervention group was 39.94±15.88 in pre-test, 44.87±16.04 six weeks and 52.47±16.07 at the 12weeks after the intervention (p=0.032).The consideration of emotional intelligence educational strategies by nurses requires its incorporation into pre-qualifying nursing degrees and professional development programmes. Nurse managers need (...) The effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life in haemodialysis patients. This study investigated the effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life of haemodialysis patients.Nurses need knowledge development regarding the impact of educational strategies on patients' quality of life suffering from chronic diseases.A pragmatic quasi-randomized controlled trial was conducted with 47 haemodialysis patients attending a university

2018 Applied nursing research : ANR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

89. Increases in Emotional Intelligence After an Online Training Program Are Associated With Better Decision-Making on the Iowa Gambling Task. (Abstract)

aspects of the environment ( n = 30). Compared to placebo, participants in the emotional intelligence training group showed increased performance on the total emotional intelligence score of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, a performance measure of emotional intelligence, as well as subscales of perceiving emotions and facilitating thought. Moreover, after emotional intelligence training, but not after placebo training, individuals displayed the ability to arrive at optimal (...) ., the point in the task when implicit task learning is thought to have occurred). Greater total improvements in performance on the Iowa Gambling Task from pre- to posttraining in the emotional intelligence training group were also positively correlated with pre- to posttraining changes in Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test scores, in particular with changes in the ability to perceive emotions. The present study provides preliminary evidence that emotional intelligence can be trained

2018 Psychological reports Controlled trial quality: uncertain

90. The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study. (Abstract)

behaviors were taught to the experimental group' students in 12 sessions by using a checklist. The subjects of control group were not taught. Emotional intelligence was measured by using Bradberry and Greaves' standard questionnaire before and after the intervention. Emotional intelligence scores of students in the experimental group showed positive and significant change between before (75.33 ± 7.23) and after (125.70 ± 7.79) of training (P < 0.001). Also t test shows a significant change in control (...) The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study. This study aimed to determine the effect of self-care training on emotional intelligence of nursing students. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on nursing students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. The subjects (60 students) that were collected with random sampling method were divided into experimental and control groups, and then, self-care

2018 Journal of religion and health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

91. Using Psychological Artificial Intelligence (Tess) to Relieve Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using Psychological Artificial Intelligence (Tess) to Relieve Symptoms of Depression and Anxiety: Randomized Controlled Trial. Students in need of mental health care face many barriers including cost, location, availability, and stigma. Studies show that computer-assisted therapy and 1 conversational chatbot delivering cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) offer a less-intensive and more cost-effective alternative for treating depression and anxiety. Although CBT is one of the most effective (...) treatment methods, applying an integrative approach has been linked to equally effective posttreatment improvement. Integrative psychological artificial intelligence (AI) offers a scalable solution as the demand for affordable, convenient, lasting, and secure support grows.This study aimed to assess the feasibility and efficacy of using an integrative psychological AI, Tess, to reduce self-identified symptoms of depression and anxiety in college students.In this randomized controlled trial, 75

2018 JMIR mental health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

92. Increasing nurses' emotional intelligence with a brief intervention. (Abstract)

Increasing nurses' emotional intelligence with a brief intervention. Emotional intelligence (EI) is associated with a wide range of personal, professional and social benefits with numerous applications evident for nursing education and clinical practice. Despite growing support for increasing the focus on EI in nursing and nurse education, empirical evidence for the effectiveness of training to increase EI is sparse. The aim with this study was to test the effect of a brief EI training program

2018 Applied nursing research : ANR Controlled trial quality: uncertain

93. Three-dimensional Visualization Software Assists Learning in Students with Diverse Spatial Intelligence in Medical Education. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Three-dimensional Visualization Software Assists Learning in Students with Diverse Spatial Intelligence in Medical Education. This study evaluated effect of mental rotation (MR) training on learning outcomes and explored effectiveness of teaching via three-dimensional (3D) software among medical students with diverse spatial intelligence. Data from n = 67 student volunteers were included. A preliminary test was conducted to obtain baseline level of MR competency and was utilized to assign (...) participants to two experimental conditions, i.e., trained group (n = 25) and untrained group (n = 42). Data on the effectiveness of training were collected to measure participants' speed and accuracy in performing various MR activities. Six weeks later, a large class format (LCF) session was conducted for all students using 3D software. The usefulness of technology-assisted learning at the LCF was evaluated via a pre- and post-test. Students' feedback regarding MR training and use of 3D software

2018 Anatomical sciences education Controlled trial quality: uncertain

94. Maximum Swing Flexion or Gait Symmetry: A Comparative Evaluation of Control Targets on Metabolic Energy Expenditure of Amputee Using Intelligent Prosthetic Knee. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Maximum Swing Flexion or Gait Symmetry: A Comparative Evaluation of Control Targets on Metabolic Energy Expenditure of Amputee Using Intelligent Prosthetic Knee. The metabolic energy expenditure (MEE) was the most important assessment standard of intelligent prosthetic knee (IPK). Maximum swing flexion (MSF) angle and gait symmetry (GS) were two control targets representing different developing directions for IPK. However, the few comparisons based on MEE assessment between the MSF and GS (...) consumption analysis during walking at different speeds on a treadmill was carried out.All subjects showed increased oxygen consumption as walking speed increased. However, no statistically significant differences were found in oxygen consumption for different control targets. The ANOVA test showed that the overall effects of the control targets of the prosthetic knee on oxygen consumption were not significant across all walking speeds.The control targets of MSF and GS showed no significant differences

2018 BioMed research international

95. Effectiveness of clobazam on perception, creativity, intelligence, selective and visual memory. (Abstract)

" which contained 15 young healthy volunteers. The "placebo group" also entailed 15 subjects and each was administered with placebo drug. The controlled group‟ also included 15 subjects. All these 45 young healthy subjects were subjected to tests for perceptual learning, creativity, selective memory, visual memory and intelligence. Results clearly demonstrated significant impact of clobazam at the dose of 5mg/day on perceptual learning (P=0.0380), creativity (P=0.0787), memory function (P=0.4920 (...) Effectiveness of clobazam on perception, creativity, intelligence, selective and visual memory. Clobazam belongs to benzodiazepine class and is preferably used against anti-epileptic disorders. However, when used in reduced doses, its ability for improving cognitive functions becomes explicitly evident. This study objectively undertook the task of using the reduced doses of clobazam for proving potentials effects on cognitive functions. The drug, clobazam was administered in "active group

2018 Pakistan journal of pharmaceutical sciences

96. Fully automated diagnostic system with artificial intelligence using endocytoscopy to identify the presence of histologic inflammation associated with ulcerative colitis (with video). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fully automated diagnostic system with artificial intelligence using endocytoscopy to identify the presence of histologic inflammation associated with ulcerative colitis (with video). In the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), an incremental benefit of achieving histologic healing beyond that of endoscopic mucosal healing has been suggested; persistent histologic inflammation increases the risk of exacerbation and dysplasia. However, identification of persistent histologic inflammation (...) is extremely difficult using conventional endoscopy. Furthermore, the reproducibility of endoscopic disease activity is poor. We developed and evaluated a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system to predict persistent histologic inflammation using endocytoscopy (EC; 520-fold ultra-magnifying endoscope).We evaluated the accuracy of the CAD system using test image sets. First, we retrospectively reviewed the data of 187 patients with UC from whom biopsy samples were obtained after endocytoscopic observation. EC

2018 Gastrointestinal endoscopy

97. Personal Activity Intelligence and Mortality in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease: The HUNT Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Personal Activity Intelligence and Mortality in Patients with Cardiovascular Disease: The HUNT Study. To test whether Personal Activity Intelligence (PAI), a personalized metric of physical activity (PA) tracking, is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in patients with self-reported CVD and to determine whether these associations change depending on whether contemporary PA recommendations are met.A total of 3133 patients with CVD (mean [SD] age, 67.6 [10.3

2018 Mayo Clinic Proceedings

98. A Cross-Sectional Study of Emotional Intelligence in Military General Surgery Residents. (Abstract)

A Cross-Sectional Study of Emotional Intelligence in Military General Surgery Residents. Higher emotional Intelligence (EI) is linked to improved doctor-patient relationships, empathy, teamwork, communication skills, stress management, and leadership in medicine. This study analyzes the effects of age, postgraduate year (PGY), gender, and prior military experience on EI in military general surgery residents, and compares these to the general population and civilian surgery residents.This (...) is a retrospective, observational study. Results were analyzed using independent sample t test and linear regression to compare general surgery residents with the normative population and civilian general surgery residents.The general surgery department at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, a single-center, academic institution.All general surgery residents, PGY 1 to 6, were surveyed at the beginning of academic year, in June 2016.There were no statistically discernable differences in global EI

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

99. Emotional Intelligence in Patients With Addictive Disorder

and Repair. Each of these three subscales consists of eight items with a 5-point Likert response format (ranging from 1 to 5). Subscale total scores are obtained by summing responses to all items and thus range from 8 to 40, with higher scores indicating greater level of the characteristic assessed. Score on an ability measure of emotional intelligence, the Spanish version of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (Extremera & Fernández-Berrocal, 2016). [ Time Frame: Pre-intervention only (...) ] The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT) consists of 141 items that yield an overall emotional intelligence (EI) score and two EI area scores: the Experiential EI and Strategic EI scores. The aforementioned scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15, with higher scores indicating greater emotional intelligence. Secondary Outcome Measures : Change in self-esteem, measured with the Spanish version of the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Martin-Albo, Núñez, Navarro & Grijalvo

2018 Clinical Trials

100. Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System

Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Experimental: Eligible patients for AI test. Device: ophthalmology diagnostic system. An artificial intelligence to make comprehensive evaluation and treatment decision of ocular diseases. Device: Ophthalmology diagnostic system. An artificial intelligence to make comprehensive evaluation and treatment decision of ocular diseases. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The proportion of accurate, mistaken and miss detection of the ophthalmology (...) Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System Validation of the Utility of Ophthalmology Intelligent Diagnostic System - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Validation

2018 Clinical Trials

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