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Intelligence Testing

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81. Using artificial intelligence to reduce diagnostic workload without compromising detection of urinary tract infections. (PubMed)

Using artificial intelligence to reduce diagnostic workload without compromising detection of urinary tract infections. A substantial proportion of microbiological screening in diagnostic laboratories is due to suspected urinary tract infections (UTIs), yet approximately two thirds of urine samples typically yield negative culture results. By reducing the number of query samples to be cultured and enabling diagnostic services to concentrate on those in which there are true microbial infections (...) approach testing three algorithms (Random Forest, Neural Network, Extreme Gradient Boosting) whilst factoring in independent variables including demographics, historical urine culture results, and clinical details provided with the specimen.A total of 212,554 urine reports were analysed. Initial findings demonstrated the potential for using machine learning algorithms, which outperformed the heuristic model in terms of relative workload reduction achieved at a classification sensitivity > 95%. Upon

2019 Medical Informatics and Decision Making

82. What Are the Applications and Limitations of Artificial Intelligence for Fracture Detection and Classification in Orthopaedic Trauma Imaging? A Systematic Review. (PubMed)

What Are the Applications and Limitations of Artificial Intelligence for Fracture Detection and Classification in Orthopaedic Trauma Imaging? A Systematic Review. Artificial-intelligence algorithms derive rules and patterns from large amounts of data to calculate the probabilities of various outcomes using new sets of similar data. In medicine, artificial intelligence (AI) has been applied primarily to image-recognition diagnostic tasks and evaluating the probabilities of particular outcomes (...) , Embase, and Cochrane databases were systematically searched from the start of each respective database until September 6, 2018, using terms related to "fracture", "artificial intelligence", and "detection, prediction, or evaluation." Of 1221 identified studies, we retained 10 studies: eight studies involved fracture detection (ankle, hand, hip, spine, wrist, and ulna), one addressed fracture classification (diaphyseal femur), and one addressed both fracture detection and classification (proximal

2019 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

83. Universal artificial intelligence platform for collaborative management of cataracts. (PubMed)

Universal artificial intelligence platform for collaborative management of cataracts. To establish and validate a universal artificial intelligence (AI) platform for collaborative management of cataracts involving multilevel clinical scenarios and explored an AI-based medical referral pattern to improve collaborative efficiency and resource coverage.The training and validation datasets were derived from the Chinese Medical Alliance for Artificial Intelligence, covering multilevel healthcare (...) pattern showed robust diagnostic performance in three-step tasks: (1) capture mode recognition (area under the curve (AUC) 99.28%-99.71%), (2) cataract diagnosis (normal lens, cataract or postoperative eye with AUCs of 99.82%, 99.96% and 99.93% for mydriatic-slit lamp mode and AUCs >99% for other capture modes) and (3) detection of referable cataracts (AUCs >91% in all tests). In the real-world tertiary referral pattern, the agent suggested 30.3% of people be 'referred', substantially increasing

2019 British Journal of Ophthalmology

84. Comprehensive In Vitro Toxicity Testing of a Panel of Representative Oxide Nanomaterials: First Steps towards an Intelligent Testing Strategy (PubMed)

Comprehensive In Vitro Toxicity Testing of a Panel of Representative Oxide Nanomaterials: First Steps towards an Intelligent Testing Strategy Nanomaterials (NMs) display many unique and useful physico-chemical properties. However, reliable approaches are needed for risk assessment of NMs. The present study was performed in the FP7-MARINA project, with the objective to identify and evaluate in vitro test methods for toxicity assessment in order to facilitate the development of an intelligent (...) testing strategy (ITS). Six representative oxide NMs provided by the EC-JRC Nanomaterials Repository were tested in nine laboratories. The in vitro toxicity of NMs was evaluated in 12 cellular models representing 6 different target organs/systems (immune system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, reproductive organs, kidney and embryonic tissues). The toxicity assessment was conducted using 10 different assays for cytotoxicity, embryotoxicity, epithelial integrity, cytokine secretion

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2015 PloS one

85. Exploring the relationship between video game expertise and fluid intelligence. (PubMed)

MOBA League of Legends' correlates with fluid intelligence as measured under controlled laboratory conditions. In the second study, we also show that the age profile of performance in the two most widely-played MOBAs (League of Legends and DOTA II) matches that of raw fluid intelligence. We discuss and extend previous videogame literature on intelligence and videogames and suggest that commercial video games can be useful as 'proxy' tests of cognitive performance at a global population level. (...) Exploring the relationship between video game expertise and fluid intelligence. Hundreds of millions of people play intellectually-demanding video games every day. What does individual performance on these games tell us about cognition? Here, we describe two studies that examine the potential link between intelligence and performance in one of the most popular video games genres in the world (Multiplayer Online Battle Arenas: MOBAs). In the first study, we show that performance in the popular

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2017 PLoS ONE

86. Richard Smith: How might artificial intelligence improve healthcare?

and machine learning to predict movements in stocks and shares. The company started in 2009 with the funding and simply the concept that artificial intelligence and machine learning could be used to improve healthcare. In the early days the company tested the concept by working with doctors in the intensive care units in two Tel Aviv based hospitals. The company used data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning to predict which patients would die and which would develop kidney failure much more (...) blood count, age, and sex to measure a person’s risk of developing colon cancer. The hope is that artificial intelligence and machine learning can detect changes that will be meaningful before a clinician can do so. ColonFlag has been tested in populations in Israel, California, China, and the UK, and are essentially the same with each population. Experience in the UK An Oxford group has tested ColonFlag retrospectively using medical records from some 2.5 million patients in . ColonFlag

2017 The BMJ Blog

87. Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution?

Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Guest blogs do not always represent (...) the views of The King’s Fund Ahead of The King’s Fund’s to inspire and challenge the future of health care, Hugh Harvey, Clinical Artificial Intelligence and Predictive Analysis Researcher at King's College London, imagines a world in which artificial intelligence has transformed frontline care. In the GP’s office, speech-recognition software quietly pulls key phrases from the doctor–patient consultation, and sends them to an aggregator. The tone of the patient’s voice, their heart rate and breathing

2017 King's Fund blog

88. Six things we learned from that massive new study of intelligence genes

identified a dozen genes associated with intelligence. Now has unearthed 40 more. So the total is now 52. Six takeaways from the massive new study of genes for intelligence, published in Nature Genetics. 1. This study was not about genes for “intelligence,” however you define “intelligence.” It was about genes that influence the ability to do well on standardized tests aimed at quantifying cognitive abilities. At earlier points in the history of Homo sap , “intelligence” might have meant being able (...) to remember where and what time of year a particular tree would be festooned with fruit, or to read the landscape so as to track prey animals. Today, in much of the world, intelligence tests are a not-unreasonable surrogate for that squidgy concept, “intelligence.” For one thing, test scores correlate with other measures of success in modern life, such as educational achievement and good health and longevity. For another, let’s be practical here, test scores were one kind of data available

2017 PLOS Blogs Network

89. Do children born to teenage parents have lower adult intelligence? A prospective birth cohort study. (PubMed)

Do children born to teenage parents have lower adult intelligence? A prospective birth cohort study. Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study (...) of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983. The analyses were restricted to a sub-sample of 2643 mother-offspring pair. Offspring IQ was measured using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test at 21 year. Parental age was reported at first clinic visit. Offspring born to teenage mothers (<20 years) have -3.0 (95% Confidence Interval (CI): -4.3, -1.8) points lower IQ compared to children

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2017 PLoS ONE

90. A Personalized Self-Management Rehabilitation System with an Intelligent Shoe for Stroke Survivors: A Realist Evaluation (PubMed)

A Personalized Self-Management Rehabilitation System with an Intelligent Shoe for Stroke Survivors: A Realist Evaluation In the United Kingdom, stroke is the most significant cause of adult disability. Stroke survivors are frequently left with physical and psychological changes that can profoundly affect their functional ability, independence, and social participation. Research suggests that long-term, intense, task- and context-specific rehabilitation that is goal-oriented and environmentally (...) survivors with integrated insole sensor technology within an "intelligent shoe.". The intervention model was based around a rehabilitation paradigm underpinned by theories of motor relearning and neuroplastic adaptation, motivational feedback, self-efficacy, and knowledge transfer.To understand the conditions under which this technology-based rehabilitation solution would most likely have an impact on the motor behavior of the user, what would work for whom, in what context, and how. We were interested

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2016 JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies

91. Artificial intelligence: Neural network model as the multidisciplinary team member in clinical decision support to avoid medical mistakes (PubMed)

Artificial intelligence: Neural network model as the multidisciplinary team member in clinical decision support to avoid medical mistakes The continuous uninterrupted feedback system is the essential part of any well-organized system. We propose aLYNX concept that is a possibility to use an artificial intelligence algorithm or a neural network model in decision-making system so as to avoid possible mistakes and to remind the doctors to review tactics once more in selected cases.aLYNX system (...) was trained by 4679 patients who achieved 5-year survival. Among them, 2390 patients underwent PCI and 2289 CABG. After training, the correlation coefficient (r) of the network was 0.74 for training, 0.67 for validation, 0.71 for test and 0.73 for total. Simulation of the neural network function has been performed after training in the two groups of patients with known 5-year outcome. The disagreement rate was significantly higher in the dead patient group than that in the survivor group between neural

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2016 Chronic diseases and translational medicine

92. Correlational structure of ‘frontal’ tests and intelligence tests indicates two components with asymmetrical neurostructural correlates in old age (PubMed)

Correlational structure of ‘frontal’ tests and intelligence tests indicates two components with asymmetrical neurostructural correlates in old age Both general fluid intelligence (gf) and performance on some 'frontal tests' of cognition decline with age. Both types of ability are at least partially dependent on the integrity of the frontal lobes, which also deteriorate with age. Overlap between these two methods of assessing complex cognition in older age remains unclear. Such overlap could (...) be investigated using inter-test correlations alone, as in previous studies, but this would be enhanced by ascertaining whether frontal test performance and gf share neurobiological variance. To this end, we examined relationships between gf and 6 frontal tests (Tower, Self-Ordered Pointing, Simon, Moral Dilemmas, Reversal Learning and Faux Pas tests) in 90 healthy males, aged ~ 73 years. We interpreted their correlational structure using principal component analysis, and in relation to MRI-derived regional

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2014 Intelligence

93. Latent TB infection (LTBI): testing and treatment

Latent TB infection (LTBI): testing and treatment Latent TB infection testing and treatment programme Technical guidance and specification Latent TB infection testing and treatment programme: technical guidance and specification 2 About Public Health England Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation’s health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships and the delivery (...) PHE publications PHE supports the UN gateway number: GW-404 Sustainable Development Goals Latent TB infection testing and treatment programme: technical guidance and specification 3 Contents About Public Health England 2 1. Background 4 1.1 Programme monitoring 4 1.2 Eligibility 4 1.3 Testing 5 1.4 Treatment 5 2. Aim of document 6 3. Data flow process 7 3.1 Testing data 7 3.2 Community/secondary care/treatment data collection 8 3.3 LTBI data excel template 8 3.4 Laboratory data 8 4. Data extract

2019 Public Health England

94. Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report

Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer on asymptomatic women Technical Report February 2019 Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report was prepared and produced by: Cancer Australia Locked Bag 3 Strawberry Hills NSW 2012 Australia Tel: +61 2 9357 9400 Fax: +61 2 9357 9477 canceraustralia.gov.au © Cancer Australia 2019. ISBN Online: 978-1-74127-338-0 (...) Recommended citation Cancer Australia, 2019. Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report, Cancer Australia, Surry Hills, NSW. Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report can be downloaded from the Cancer Australia website: canceraustralia.gov.au/resources Copyright statements Internet sites This work is copyright. You may download, display, print and reproduce the whole or part of this work in unaltered form for your

2019 Cancer Australia

95. Familiarization Effects on Consonant Intelligibility in Dysarthric Speech. (PubMed)

Familiarization Effects on Consonant Intelligibility in Dysarthric Speech. This study investigates the effects of familiarization on naïve listeners' ability to identify consonants in dysarthric speech.A total of 120 listeners (30 listeners/speaker) participated in experiments over a 6-week period. Listeners were randomly assigned to one of the three familiarization conditions: a passive condition in which listeners heard audio recordings of words, an active condition in which listeners heard (...) audio recordings of words while viewing the written material of words, and a control condition in which listeners had no exposure to the audio signal prior to identification tasks.Familiarization improved naïve listeners' ability to identify consonants produced by a speaker with dysarthria. The active familiarization method exhibited an advantage over the other conditions, in terms of the magnitude and rapidness of improvement. One-month delayed test scores were higher than pre-familiarization

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2018 Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP)

96. The effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life in haemodialysis patients. (PubMed)

behavioural changes, the patients filled out the data collection tools six and 12weeks after the completion of the education programme.The mean score of quality of life in the intervention group was 39.94±15.88 in pre-test, 44.87±16.04 six weeks and 52.47±16.07 at the 12weeks after the intervention (p=0.032).The consideration of emotional intelligence educational strategies by nurses requires its incorporation into pre-qualifying nursing degrees and professional development programmes. Nurse managers need (...) The effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life in haemodialysis patients. This study investigated the effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life of haemodialysis patients.Nurses need knowledge development regarding the impact of educational strategies on patients' quality of life suffering from chronic diseases.A pragmatic quasi-randomized controlled trial was conducted with 47 haemodialysis patients attending a university

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2018 Applied nursing research : ANR

97. The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study. (PubMed)

behaviors were taught to the experimental group' students in 12 sessions by using a checklist. The subjects of control group were not taught. Emotional intelligence was measured by using Bradberry and Greaves' standard questionnaire before and after the intervention. Emotional intelligence scores of students in the experimental group showed positive and significant change between before (75.33 ± 7.23) and after (125.70 ± 7.79) of training (P < 0.001). Also t test shows a significant change in control (...) The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study. This study aimed to determine the effect of self-care training on emotional intelligence of nursing students. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on nursing students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. The subjects (60 students) that were collected with random sampling method were divided into experimental and control groups, and then, self-care

2018 Journal of religion and health

98. Increasing nurses' emotional intelligence with a brief intervention. (PubMed)

Increasing nurses' emotional intelligence with a brief intervention. Emotional intelligence (EI) is associated with a wide range of personal, professional and social benefits with numerous applications evident for nursing education and clinical practice. Despite growing support for increasing the focus on EI in nursing and nurse education, empirical evidence for the effectiveness of training to increase EI is sparse. The aim with this study was to test the effect of a brief EI training program

2018 Applied nursing research : ANR

99. Increases in Emotional Intelligence After an Online Training Program Are Associated With Better Decision-Making on the Iowa Gambling Task. (PubMed)

aspects of the environment ( n = 30). Compared to placebo, participants in the emotional intelligence training group showed increased performance on the total emotional intelligence score of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, a performance measure of emotional intelligence, as well as subscales of perceiving emotions and facilitating thought. Moreover, after emotional intelligence training, but not after placebo training, individuals displayed the ability to arrive at optimal (...) ., the point in the task when implicit task learning is thought to have occurred). Greater total improvements in performance on the Iowa Gambling Task from pre- to posttraining in the emotional intelligence training group were also positively correlated with pre- to posttraining changes in Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test scores, in particular with changes in the ability to perceive emotions. The present study provides preliminary evidence that emotional intelligence can be trained

2018 Psychological reports

100. Prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion in critically ill adult patients: a retrospective analysis of a large clinical database Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (PubMed)

Prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion in critically ill adult patients: a retrospective analysis of a large clinical database Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III There is no conclusive evidence for the effects of prolonged infusion of dexmedetomidine in critically ill patients. We aimed to investigate the safety of long-term dexmedetomidine infusion in a large critically ill patients cohort from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III (...) ) database.We retrospectively extracted records from MIMIC-III database. Dexmedetomidine administration time was the basis for group. Variables were compared by chi-square tests, and Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate. We used logistic regression model for multivariate analysis. Contour maps were drawn to measure rebound of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP).We finally got 1,946 records including 1,368 distinct individuals. Age, body mass index (BMI), length of stay in hospital, accumulated doses

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2018 Annals of Translational Medicine

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