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Intelligence Testing

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61. Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution?

Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Guest blogs do not always represent (...) the views of The King’s Fund Ahead of The King’s Fund’s to inspire and challenge the future of health care, Hugh Harvey, Clinical Artificial Intelligence and Predictive Analysis Researcher at King's College London, imagines a world in which artificial intelligence has transformed frontline care. In the GP’s office, speech-recognition software quietly pulls key phrases from the doctor–patient consultation, and sends them to an aggregator. The tone of the patient’s voice, their heart rate and breathing

2017 King's Fund blog

62. Six things we learned from that massive new study of intelligence genes

identified a dozen genes associated with intelligence. Now has unearthed 40 more. So the total is now 52. Six takeaways from the massive new study of genes for intelligence, published in Nature Genetics. 1. This study was not about genes for “intelligence,” however you define “intelligence.” It was about genes that influence the ability to do well on standardized tests aimed at quantifying cognitive abilities. At earlier points in the history of Homo sap , “intelligence” might have meant being able (...) to remember where and what time of year a particular tree would be festooned with fruit, or to read the landscape so as to track prey animals. Today, in much of the world, intelligence tests are a not-unreasonable surrogate for that squidgy concept, “intelligence.” For one thing, test scores correlate with other measures of success in modern life, such as educational achievement and good health and longevity. For another, let’s be practical here, test scores were one kind of data available

2017 PLOS Blogs Network

63. Do children born to teenage parents have lower adult intelligence? A prospective birth cohort study. (PubMed)

Do children born to teenage parents have lower adult intelligence? A prospective birth cohort study. Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study (...) of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983. The analyses were restricted to a sub-sample of 2643 mother-offspring pair. Offspring IQ was measured using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test at 21 year. Parental age was reported at first clinic visit. Offspring born to teenage mothers (<20 years) have -3.0 (95% Confidence Interval (CI): -4.3, -1.8) points lower IQ compared to children

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2017 PLoS ONE

64. A Personalized Self-Management Rehabilitation System with an Intelligent Shoe for Stroke Survivors: A Realist Evaluation (PubMed)

A Personalized Self-Management Rehabilitation System with an Intelligent Shoe for Stroke Survivors: A Realist Evaluation In the United Kingdom, stroke is the most significant cause of adult disability. Stroke survivors are frequently left with physical and psychological changes that can profoundly affect their functional ability, independence, and social participation. Research suggests that long-term, intense, task- and context-specific rehabilitation that is goal-oriented and environmentally (...) survivors with integrated insole sensor technology within an "intelligent shoe.". The intervention model was based around a rehabilitation paradigm underpinned by theories of motor relearning and neuroplastic adaptation, motivational feedback, self-efficacy, and knowledge transfer.To understand the conditions under which this technology-based rehabilitation solution would most likely have an impact on the motor behavior of the user, what would work for whom, in what context, and how. We were interested

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2016 JMIR rehabilitation and assistive technologies

65. Artificial intelligence: Neural network model as the multidisciplinary team member in clinical decision support to avoid medical mistakes (PubMed)

Artificial intelligence: Neural network model as the multidisciplinary team member in clinical decision support to avoid medical mistakes The continuous uninterrupted feedback system is the essential part of any well-organized system. We propose aLYNX concept that is a possibility to use an artificial intelligence algorithm or a neural network model in decision-making system so as to avoid possible mistakes and to remind the doctors to review tactics once more in selected cases.aLYNX system (...) was trained by 4679 patients who achieved 5-year survival. Among them, 2390 patients underwent PCI and 2289 CABG. After training, the correlation coefficient (r) of the network was 0.74 for training, 0.67 for validation, 0.71 for test and 0.73 for total. Simulation of the neural network function has been performed after training in the two groups of patients with known 5-year outcome. The disagreement rate was significantly higher in the dead patient group than that in the survivor group between neural

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2016 Chronic diseases and translational medicine

66. Correlational structure of ‘frontal’ tests and intelligence tests indicates two components with asymmetrical neurostructural correlates in old age (PubMed)

Correlational structure of ‘frontal’ tests and intelligence tests indicates two components with asymmetrical neurostructural correlates in old age Both general fluid intelligence (gf) and performance on some 'frontal tests' of cognition decline with age. Both types of ability are at least partially dependent on the integrity of the frontal lobes, which also deteriorate with age. Overlap between these two methods of assessing complex cognition in older age remains unclear. Such overlap could (...) be investigated using inter-test correlations alone, as in previous studies, but this would be enhanced by ascertaining whether frontal test performance and gf share neurobiological variance. To this end, we examined relationships between gf and 6 frontal tests (Tower, Self-Ordered Pointing, Simon, Moral Dilemmas, Reversal Learning and Faux Pas tests) in 90 healthy males, aged ~ 73 years. We interpreted their correlational structure using principal component analysis, and in relation to MRI-derived regional

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2014 Intelligence

67. Familiarization Effects on Consonant Intelligibility in Dysarthric Speech. (PubMed)

Familiarization Effects on Consonant Intelligibility in Dysarthric Speech. This study investigates the effects of familiarization on naïve listeners' ability to identify consonants in dysarthric speech.A total of 120 listeners (30 listeners/speaker) participated in experiments over a 6-week period. Listeners were randomly assigned to one of the three familiarization conditions: a passive condition in which listeners heard audio recordings of words, an active condition in which listeners heard (...) audio recordings of words while viewing the written material of words, and a control condition in which listeners had no exposure to the audio signal prior to identification tasks.Familiarization improved naïve listeners' ability to identify consonants produced by a speaker with dysarthria. The active familiarization method exhibited an advantage over the other conditions, in terms of the magnitude and rapidness of improvement. One-month delayed test scores were higher than pre-familiarization

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2018 Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP)

68. The effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life in haemodialysis patients. (PubMed)

behavioural changes, the patients filled out the data collection tools six and 12weeks after the completion of the education programme.The mean score of quality of life in the intervention group was 39.94±15.88 in pre-test, 44.87±16.04 six weeks and 52.47±16.07 at the 12weeks after the intervention (p=0.032).The consideration of emotional intelligence educational strategies by nurses requires its incorporation into pre-qualifying nursing degrees and professional development programmes. Nurse managers need (...) The effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life in haemodialysis patients. This study investigated the effect of the emotional intelligence education programme on quality of life of haemodialysis patients.Nurses need knowledge development regarding the impact of educational strategies on patients' quality of life suffering from chronic diseases.A pragmatic quasi-randomized controlled trial was conducted with 47 haemodialysis patients attending a university

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2018 Applied nursing research : ANR

69. The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study. (PubMed)

behaviors were taught to the experimental group' students in 12 sessions by using a checklist. The subjects of control group were not taught. Emotional intelligence was measured by using Bradberry and Greaves' standard questionnaire before and after the intervention. Emotional intelligence scores of students in the experimental group showed positive and significant change between before (75.33 ± 7.23) and after (125.70 ± 7.79) of training (P < 0.001). Also t test shows a significant change in control (...) The Effect of Self-Care Education on Emotional Intelligence of Iranian Nursing Students: A Quasi-experimental Study. This study aimed to determine the effect of self-care training on emotional intelligence of nursing students. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on nursing students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2016. The subjects (60 students) that were collected with random sampling method were divided into experimental and control groups, and then, self-care

2018 Journal of religion and health

70. Increasing nurses' emotional intelligence with a brief intervention. (PubMed)

Increasing nurses' emotional intelligence with a brief intervention. Emotional intelligence (EI) is associated with a wide range of personal, professional and social benefits with numerous applications evident for nursing education and clinical practice. Despite growing support for increasing the focus on EI in nursing and nurse education, empirical evidence for the effectiveness of training to increase EI is sparse. The aim with this study was to test the effect of a brief EI training program

2018 Applied nursing research : ANR

71. Increases in Emotional Intelligence After an Online Training Program Are Associated With Better Decision-Making on the Iowa Gambling Task. (PubMed)

aspects of the environment ( n = 30). Compared to placebo, participants in the emotional intelligence training group showed increased performance on the total emotional intelligence score of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test, a performance measure of emotional intelligence, as well as subscales of perceiving emotions and facilitating thought. Moreover, after emotional intelligence training, but not after placebo training, individuals displayed the ability to arrive at optimal (...) ., the point in the task when implicit task learning is thought to have occurred). Greater total improvements in performance on the Iowa Gambling Task from pre- to posttraining in the emotional intelligence training group were also positively correlated with pre- to posttraining changes in Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test scores, in particular with changes in the ability to perceive emotions. The present study provides preliminary evidence that emotional intelligence can be trained

2018 Psychological reports

72. Prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion in critically ill adult patients: a retrospective analysis of a large clinical database Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (PubMed)

Prolonged dexmedetomidine infusion in critically ill adult patients: a retrospective analysis of a large clinical database Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III There is no conclusive evidence for the effects of prolonged infusion of dexmedetomidine in critically ill patients. We aimed to investigate the safety of long-term dexmedetomidine infusion in a large critically ill patients cohort from the Multiparameter Intelligent Monitoring in Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III (...) ) database.We retrospectively extracted records from MIMIC-III database. Dexmedetomidine administration time was the basis for group. Variables were compared by chi-square tests, and Mann-Whitney U test as appropriate. We used logistic regression model for multivariate analysis. Contour maps were drawn to measure rebound of heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP).We finally got 1,946 records including 1,368 distinct individuals. Age, body mass index (BMI), length of stay in hospital, accumulated doses

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2018 Annals of Translational Medicine

73. Intelligent Multimodal Framework for Human Assistive Robotics Based on Computer Vision Algorithms (PubMed)

Intelligent Multimodal Framework for Human Assistive Robotics Based on Computer Vision Algorithms Assistive technologies help all persons with disabilities to improve their accessibility in all aspects of their life. The AIDE European project contributes to the improvement of current assistive technologies by developing and testing a modular and adaptive multimodal interface customizable to the individual needs of people with disabilities. This paper describes the computer vision algorithms (...) . These algorithms were tested in real conditions, and were thoroughly evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively. The experimental results of the object selection algorithm were excellent (object selection over 90%) in less than 12 s. The detection and pose estimation algorithms evaluated using the LINEMOD database were similar to the state-of-the-art method, and were the most computationally efficient.

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

74. Design, Analysis and Experiment of a Tactile Force Sensor for Underwater Dexterous Hand Intelligent Grasping (PubMed)

Design, Analysis and Experiment of a Tactile Force Sensor for Underwater Dexterous Hand Intelligent Grasping This paper proposes a novel underwater dexterous hand structure whose fingertip is equipped with underwater tactile force sensor (UTFS) array to realize the grasping sample location determination and force perception. The measurement structure, theoretical analysis, prototype development and experimental verification of the UTFS are purposefully studied in order to achieve accurate (...) , the output of the standard force applying under different water depth and the test of the standard force applying under conditions of different 0 ∘C⁻30 ∘C temperature with 0.1 m water depth are carried out to verify the performance of the sensor. The experiments show that the UTFS has a high linearity and sensitivity, and which has a regular zero drift and temperature drift which can be eliminated by calibration algorithm.

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

75. An Intelligent System for Monitoring Skin Diseases (PubMed)

excessive influence of the sunlight. Smart homes can be equipped with a variety of motion sensors and cameras which can be used to detect and identify possible disease development. In this work, we present a smart home system which is using in-built sensors and proposed artificial intelligence methods to diagnose the skin health condition of the residents of the house. The proposed solution has been tested and discussed due to potential use in practice. (...) An Intelligent System for Monitoring Skin Diseases The practical increase of interest in intelligent technologies has caused a rapid development of all activities in terms of sensors and automatic mechanisms for smart operations. The implementations concentrate on technologies which avoid unnecessary actions on user side while examining health conditions. One of important aspects is the constant inspection of the skin health due to possible diseases such as melanomas that can develop under

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2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

76. An Evaluation of Output Signal to Noise Ratio as a Predictor of Cochlear Implant Speech Intelligibility. (PubMed)

An Evaluation of Output Signal to Noise Ratio as a Predictor of Cochlear Implant Speech Intelligibility. Cochlear implant (CI) sound processing strategies are usually evaluated in clinical studies involving experienced implant recipients. Metrics which estimate the capacity to perceive speech for a given set of audio and processing conditions provide an alternative means to assess the effectiveness of processing strategies. The aim of this research was to assess the ability of the output signal (...) to noise ratio (OSNR) to accurately predict speech perception. It was hypothesized that compared with the other metrics evaluated in this study (1) OSNR would have equivalent or better accuracy and (2) OSNR would be the most accurate in the presence of variable levels of speech presentation.For the first time, the accuracy of OSNR as a metric which predicts speech intelligibility was compared, in a retrospective study, with that of the input signal to noise ratio (ISNR) and the short-term objective

2018 Ear and hearing

77. Burnout is Associated With Emotional Intelligence but not Traditional Job Performance Measurements in Surgical Residents. (PubMed)

Burnout is Associated With Emotional Intelligence but not Traditional Job Performance Measurements in Surgical Residents. To evaluate whether burnout was associated with emotional intelligence and job performance in surgical residents.General surgery residents at a single institution were surveyed using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and trait EI questionnaire (TEIQ-SF). Burnout was defined as scoring in 2 of the 3 following domains; Emotional Exhaustion (high), Depersonalization (high (...) ), and Personal Accomplishment (low). Job performance was evaluated using faculty evaluations of clinical competency-based surgical milestones and standardized test scores including the American Board of Surgery In-Training Exam (ABSITE) and the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) Step 3. USMLE Step 1 and USMLE Step 2, which were taken prior to residency training, were included to examine possible associations of burnout with USMLE examinations. Statistical comparison was made using Pearson

2018 Journal of Surgical Education

78. Maternal and offspring intelligence in relation to BMI across childhood and adolescence. (PubMed)

Maternal and offspring intelligence in relation to BMI across childhood and adolescence. The present study tested the association between both mothers' and offspring's intelligence and offspring's body mass index (BMI) in youth.Participants were members of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 (NLSY-79) Children and Young Adults cohort (n = 11,512) and their biological mothers who were members of the NLSY-79 (n = 4932). Offspring's IQ was measured with the Peabody Individual (...) Achievement Test (PIAT). Mothers' IQ was measured with the Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT). A series of regression analyses tested the association between IQ and offspring's BMI by age group, while adjusting for pre-pregnancy BMI and family SES. The analyses were stratified by sex and ethnicity (non-Black and non-Hispanic, Black, and Hispanic).The following associations were observed in the fully adjusted analyses. For the non-Blacks and non-Hispanics, a SD increment in mothers' IQ was negatively

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2018 International Journal of Obesity

79. Deep Learning-Based Noise Reduction Approach to Improve Speech Intelligibility for Cochlear Implant Recipients. (PubMed)

noise, at 0 and 5 dB SNR levels. Two conventional NR techniques and the proposed deep learning-based approach are used to process the noisy utterances. We qualitatively compare the NR approaches by the amplitude envelope and spectrogram plots of the processed utterances. Quantitative objective measures include (1) normalized covariance measure to test the intelligibility of the utterances processed by each of the NR approaches; and (2) speech recognition tests conducted by nine Mandarin-speaking CI (...) recipients. These nine CI recipients use their own clinical speech processors during testing.The experimental results of objective evaluation and listening test indicate that under challenging listening conditions, the proposed NC + DDAE NR approach yields higher intelligibility scores than the two compared classical NR techniques, under both matched and mismatched training-testing conditions.When compared to the two well-known conventional NR techniques under challenging listening condition

2018 Ear and hearing

80. Application of artificial intelligence using a convolutional neural network for detecting gastric cancer in endoscopic images. (PubMed)

Application of artificial intelligence using a convolutional neural network for detecting gastric cancer in endoscopic images. Image recognition using artificial intelligence with deep learning through convolutional neural networks (CNNs) has dramatically improved and been increasingly applied to medical fields for diagnostic imaging. We developed a CNN that can automatically detect gastric cancer in endoscopic images.A CNN-based diagnostic system was constructed based on Single Shot MultiBox (...) Detector architecture and trained using 13,584 endoscopic images of gastric cancer. To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy, an independent test set of 2296 stomach images collected from 69 consecutive patients with 77 gastric cancer lesions was applied to the constructed CNN.The CNN required 47 s to analyze 2296 test images. The CNN correctly diagnosed 71 of 77 gastric cancer lesions with an overall sensitivity of 92.2%, and 161 non-cancerous lesions were detected as gastric cancer, resulting

2018 Gastric Cancer

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