How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

6,477 results for

Intelligence Testing

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

6461. Double hearing protection and speech intelligibility-room for improvement. (Abstract)

a BO-105 helicopter. Speech audiometry was performed under four different conditions: headset only, and three different ear plugs worn under the headset. Fitting of the ear plugs was performed by an ear, nose and throat specialist to ensure similar conditions. The sequence of test conditions was randomized and double-blind. In addition, a subjective rating scale was used.Wearing foam ear plugs under the headset decreased speech intelligibility dramatically. The "hi-fi" plug was somewhat better than (...) Double hearing protection and speech intelligibility-room for improvement. Double hearing protection is used in many air forces around the world for protection in noisy aircraft environments, particularly in helicopters. The usual combination is foam ear plugs under headset or helmet muffs. Much of the research that spurred the introduction of foam earplugs indicated little change in speech intelligibility in persons with normal hearing. However, aircrew often complain about having to maximize

2001 Aviation, space, and environmental medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6462. The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on the intelligence of American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. (Abstract)

intelligence.Two "working class," primarily Hispanic, elementary schools in Phoenix, Arizona, participated in the study. Slightly more than half the teachers in each school distributed the tablets daily to 245 schoolchildren aged 6 to 12 years.Daily vitamin-mineral supplementation at 50% of the U.S. daily recommended allowance (RDA) for 3 months versus placebo.Post-test nonverbal IQ, as measured by the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R), while controlling for pretest nonverbal IQ (...) The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on the intelligence of American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Many medical, nutrition, and education professionals have long suspected that poor diet impairs the academic performance of Western schoolchildren; academic performance often improves after improved diet. However, others have suggested that such academic gains may be due to psychologic effects rather than nutrition. To resolve this issue, two

2000 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

6463. [Differentiated short- and long-term effects of a "Training of Emotional Intelligence" and of the "Integrated Psychologic Therapy Program" for schizophrenic patients?]. (Abstract)

[Differentiated short- and long-term effects of a "Training of Emotional Intelligence" and of the "Integrated Psychologic Therapy Program" for schizophrenic patients?]. Social cognition was shown as a rate limiting factor for both psychosocial outcome and response to psychosocial intervention in schizophrenia. In a randomized controlled trial a new cognitive-behavioral group treatment for schizophrenic inpatients (the "Training of Emotional Intelligence", TEI) was tested against the well (...) evaluated "Integrated Psychological Therapy Program" (IPT) of H. Brenner. Within the framework of P. Salovey's work the Training of Emotional Intelligence focussed on three domains of deficits in schizophrenia: emotional perception, emotional understanding and emotional management. In the randomized controlled trial with 41 DSM-IV schizophrenic inpatients no differences were found in problem-solving and negative symptoms, both post treatment and in the 12 months-follow up. Additionally

2001 Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6464. A cohort study of behavioral problems and intelligence in children with high prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposure. (Abstract)

A cohort study of behavioral problems and intelligence in children with high prenatal polychlorinated biphenyl exposure. In 1978, about 2000 persons in Taiwan were poisoned when their cooking oil was contaminated during manufacture with heat-degraded polychlorinated biphenyls, which are toxic, very widespread pollutant chemicals. The chemicals cannot be metabolized or excreted, and 8 of the first 39 children born to affected women died. When examined in 1985, 117 surviving children were found (...) to have ectodermal defects, developmental delay, and disordered behavior. We have continued to observe the children.From 1992 through 1995, 118 children born between 1978 and 1985 (during or after their mothers' exposure) and 118 matched neighborhood control children had cognitive function measured yearly with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and behavioral problems measured with the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist and the Rutter Child Behavior Scale A.The exposed children

2002 Archives of General Psychiatry

6465. Maternal blood lead effects on infant intelligence at age 7 months. (Abstract)

Maternal blood lead effects on infant intelligence at age 7 months. A sample of 7-month-old African-American infants, exposed to maternal blood lead levels less than 5 microg/dL, were assessed with the Fagan test of Infant Intelligence. The results indicate significant effects on memory and cognitive functioning. Specifically, infants who scored in the upper 5th to 15th percentile of novelty preference scores had lower lead values than those scoring in the lower 5th or 15th percentile. Of note

2003 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

6466. Exploring the neurological substrate of emotional and social intelligence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

cortices, were tested on the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i), a standardized psychometric measure of various aspects of emotional and social intelligence. We also examined these patients with various other procedures designed to measure decision-making (the Gambling Task), social functioning, as well as personality changes and psychopathology; standardized neuropsychological tests were applied to assess their cognitive intelligence, executive functioning, perception and memory as well (...) Exploring the neurological substrate of emotional and social intelligence. The somatic marker hypothesis posits that deficits in emotional signalling (somatic states) lead to poor judgment in decision-making, especially in the personal and social realms. Similar to this hypothesis is the concept of emotional intelligence, which has been defined as an array of emotional and social abilities, competencies and skills that enable individuals to cope with daily demands and be more effective

2003 Brain

6467. Maternal fever at birth and non-verbal intelligence at age 9 years in preterm infants. (Abstract)

Maternal fever at birth and non-verbal intelligence at age 9 years in preterm infants. To test the hypothesis that characteristics of perinatal infection are associated with long-term cognitive limitations among preterm infants, we analyzed data from 294 infants (142 females, 152 males) < or = 1500 g birthweight and <37 completed weeks of gestation who were examined at age 9 years. We identified 47 children (20 females, 27 males) who had a non-verbal Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children (K

2003 Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology

6468. A dynamical model of general intelligence: the positive manifold of intelligence by mutualism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A dynamical model of general intelligence: the positive manifold of intelligence by mutualism. Scores on cognitive tasks used in intelligence tests correlate positively with each other, that is, they display a positive manifold of correlations. The positive manifold is often explained by positing a dominant latent variable, the g factor, associated with a single quantitative cognitive or biological process or capacity. In this article, a new explanation of the positive manifold based (...) on a dynamical model is proposed, in which reciprocal causation or mutualism plays a central role. It is shown that the positive manifold emerges purely by positive beneficial interactions between cognitive processes during development. A single underlying g factor plays no role in the model. The model offers explanations of important findings in intelligence research, such as the hierarchical factor structure of intelligence, the low predictability of intelligence from early childhood performance

2006 Psychological Review

6469. Comparison of performance on two nonverbal intelligence tests by adolescents with and without language impairment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of performance on two nonverbal intelligence tests by adolescents with and without language impairment Definitions of specific language impairment (SLI), for both research and clinical purposes, often state that nonverbal IQ scores must be within normal limits. This use of nonverbal IQ has been criticized on several grounds, including lack of equivalence between tests. In the current study, a sample of 204 adolescents with and without language impairment took two nonverbal IQ tests (...) . Scores on the tests were compared, as was the classification of individuals into diagnostic categories according to the two tests. Results indicated that there were significant differences between test scores for clinical subgroups, and classification of individuals as having SLI varied substantially depending on the test used. The findings are interpreted as providing further evidence that nonverbal IQ should be used only cautiously, if at all, in defining SLI.Readers will (1) understand problems

2008 Journal of communication disorders

6470. [An experiment for testing the psychometric equivalence of the non verbal instruction of the adaptive intelligence diagnosticum]. (Abstract)

[An experiment for testing the psychometric equivalence of the non verbal instruction of the adaptive intelligence diagnosticum]. The Adaptive Intelligence Diagnosticum's manual additionally offers an optional non verbal instruction for seven of the fourteen subtests. There has, however, been no empirical evidence with regard to the psychometric equivalence of the tests with both versions of instruction. Therefore, an experiment was carried out. A total of 120 children (aged 6-8 years) were (...) randomized into control (verbal instruction) and experimental groups (non verbal instruction). In the one subtest "Competence in Realism" nearly 50 percent of the children could not understand the relevant non verbal instruction. However, when only those children who did understand the non verbal instruction of a subtest are taken into account, no significant difference is observed, neither with respect to the mean of the scores nor to their standard deviation. In this respect, the test of equivalence

2006 Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6471. A puzzle form of a non-verbal intelligence test gives significantly higher performance measures in children with severe intellectual disability. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A puzzle form of a non-verbal intelligence test gives significantly higher performance measures in children with severe intellectual disability. Assessment of 'potential intellectual ability' of children with severe intellectual disability (ID) is limited, as current tests designed for normal children do not maintain their interest. Thus a manual puzzle version of the Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices (RCPM) was devised to appeal to the attentional and sensory preferences and language (...) limitations of children with ID. It was hypothesized that performance on the book and manual puzzle forms would not differ for typically developing children but that children with ID would perform better on the puzzle form.The first study assessed the validity of this puzzle form of the RCPM for 76 typically developing children in a test-retest crossover design, with a 3 week interval between tests. A second study tested performance and completion rate for the puzzle form compared to the book form

2008 BMC pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6472. Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Intelligence Test Performance at Age 6. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prenatal Marijuana Exposure and Intelligence Test Performance at Age 6. This is a prospective study of the effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on the intelligence test performance of 648 children at a 6-year follow-up.Women were interviewed about the amount and frequency of their marijuana use at 4 and 7 months of pregnancy and at delivery. Participants were light to moderate users of marijuana and represented a lower income population. Children were assessed with the Stanford-Binet (...) Intelligence Scale by examiners blind to exposure status. Multiple regression was applied to examine the effects of prenatal marijuana exposure on children's intelligence after partialing out the effects of other significant predictors.There was a significant nonlinear relationship between marijuana exposure and child intelligence. Heavy marijuana use (one or more cigarettes per day) during the first trimester was associated with lower verbal reasoning scores on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. Heavy

2008 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

6473. Testing a four-factor model of psychopathy and its association with ethnicity, gender, intelligence, and violence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Testing a four-factor model of psychopathy and its association with ethnicity, gender, intelligence, and violence. Although a 2-factor model has advanced research on the psychopathy construct, a 3-factor model was recently developed that emphasized pathological personality and eliminated antisocial behavior. However, dropping antisocial behavior from the psychopathy construct may not be advantageous. Using a large sample of psychiatric patients from the MacArthur Risk Assessment Study (J (...) . Monahan & H. J. Steadman, 1994), the authors used confirmatory factor analysis to test a 4-factor model of psychopathy, which included interpersonal, affective, and behavioral impulsivity dimensions and an antisocial behavior dimension. Model fit was good for this 4-factor model, even when ethnicity, gender, and intelligence variables were included in the model. Structural equation modeling was used to compare the 3- and 4-factor models in predicting proximal (violence) and distal (intelligence

2005 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

6474. An investigation of the validity of the British Ability Scales with respect to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and the wide range achievement test-revised on a group of Canadian children. (Abstract)

An investigation of the validity of the British Ability Scales with respect to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and the wide range achievement test-revised on a group of Canadian children. 3166936 1988 11 17 2006 11 15 0007-0998 58 ( Pt 2) 1988 Jun The British journal of educational psychology Br J Educ Psychol An investigation of the validity of the British Ability Scales with respect to the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised and the wide range achievement (...) test-revised on a group of Canadian children. 212-6 Cook J J eng Clinical Trial Comparative Study Journal Article Randomized Controlled Trial England Br J Educ Psychol 0370636 0007-0998 IM Achievement Adolescent Aptitude Tests Child Educational Measurement Humans Male Reading Wechsler Scales 1988 6 1 1988 6 1 0 1 1988 6 1 0 0 ppublish 3166936

1988 The British journal of educational psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6475. Correlates of intelligence test results in treated phenylketonuric children. (Abstract)

Correlates of intelligence test results in treated phenylketonuric children. The Collaborative Study of Children Treated for Phenylketonuria was initiated in 1967. The data presented are based on findings in 132 children treated from near birth to 6 years of age. Two treatment groups were randomly formed. The target for blood phenylalanine was 1.0 to 5.4 mg/100 ml for group 1 and 5.5 to 9.9 mg/100 ml for group 2. Although mean blood phenylalanine levels for both groups initially fell within (...) the prescribed ranges, a steady increase over time resulted in mean six year levels of 11.4 mg/100 ml and 13.0 mg/100 ml for the two groups, respectively. Because it was not possible to maintain the prescribed differences in blood phenylalanine levels between the two groups, they were combined for further analyses. The mean IQ of the total sample at age 6 years was 98 on the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale. Multiple regression analysis showed that, among selected treatment and psychosocial factors

1981 Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6476. Comparison of three hearing aid fittings using the Speech Intelligibility Rating (SIR) Test. (Abstract)

Comparison of three hearing aid fittings using the Speech Intelligibility Rating (SIR) Test. This study compared the effects of three different hearing aids on subjective ratings of speech intelligibility. Insertion gain measurements on KEMAR indicated that the hearing aid fittings differed primarily in midfrequency gain. The test passages of the Speech Intelligibility Rating Test (SIR) were recorded onto tape through each hearing aid. The processed passages were presented monaurally to 13 (...) subjects with hearing loss limited to frequencies above 2000 Hz. They rated five passages through each frequency responses (FR) in a randomized order. Each subject was retested within 2 or 3 days to assess test-retest reliability. Results indicated that the FR with the most midfrequency amplification did not differ significantly from the aid with the least amount of midfrequency gain. However, the FR with intermediate midfrequency gain received significantly lower ratings than did FR with most gain

1991 Ear and hearing Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6477. Are intelligence tests outmoded? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Are intelligence tests outmoded? 3662580 1987 11 12 2018 11 13 1468-2044 62 8 1987 Aug Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Are intelligence tests outmoded? 773-5 Murphy G G Bethlem Royal Hospital, Croydon. eng Journal Article England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 AIM IM Environment Genetics Humans Intelligence Intelligence Tests Time Factors 1987 8 1 1987 8 1 0 1 1987 8 1 0 0 ppublish 3662580 PMC1778471 J Child Psychol Psychiatry. 1985 Sep;26(5):683-704 3900115 J Child Psychol

1987 Archives of Disease in Childhood

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>