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Intelligence Testing

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6221. Outcome for congenital hypothyroidism. (PubMed)

Outcome for congenital hypothyroidism. 3970579 1985 03 06 2018 11 13 1468-2044 60 1 1985 Jan Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Outcome for congenital hypothyroidism. 81 Frost G J GJ Parkin J M JM eng Letter England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 AIM IM Adult Child Congenital Hypothyroidism Humans Intelligence Tests Prognosis 1985 1 1 1985 1 1 0 1 1985 1 1 0 0 ppublish 3970579 PMC1777080 Arch Dis Child. 1978 Aug;53(8):611-9 708096 Arch Dis Child. 1984 Jan;59(1):30-5 6696490

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1985 Archives of Disease in Childhood

6222. Maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 14. (PubMed)

Maternal uniparental disomy for chromosome 14. We report the first case of maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 14 in humans. The male proband inherited a balanced 13;14 Robertsonian translocation from his mother. Molecular studies showed that neither chromosome 14 was of paternal origin. The proband is of above average intelligence, but he has hydrocephalus, a bifid uvula, premature puberty, short stature, and small testes. It is not known if the clinical findings are related

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1991 Journal of Medical Genetics

6223. Direct physician entry of injury information and automated coding via a graphical user interface. (PubMed)

Direct physician entry of injury information and automated coding via a graphical user interface. Injury data in the paper medical record are often inaccurate or lack adequate specificity to evaluate trauma patient care. To improve the quality of recorded injury data, we are testing a graphical, anatomic-based interface for quick collection of detailed injury information directly from the trauma physician. Navigation and data collection throughout the interface are facilitated by anatomic (...) illustrations, menus, lists, and "dialog boxes". Using a "point and click" method, the user selects a specific anatomic structure (i.e., the spleen) from drawings. Detailed injury information, specific to the selected structure, is then collected from the user in an "intelligent" modal dialog box. The software uses SNOMED III nomenclature to create and store ICD, AIS, and trauma registry codes for each injury. Users can review and print abbreviated and detailed injury information for each patient

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1992 Proceedings of the Annual Symposium on Computer Application in Medical Care

6224. Mnemonic coding system for clinical data entry into laboratory computers: its effect on quality and efficiency. (PubMed)

terminology. In excess of 90% of clinical details on request cards are readily input by clerical staff using our coding system, and 8% of clinical details are used intelligently by the computer in scheduling further tests or automatically commenting on results. A carefully designed coding system such as the one outlined above could greatly facilitate input of clinical detail without the penalty of reduced throughput.

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1991 Journal of Clinical Pathology

6225. Impaired motor function (clumsiness) in 5 year old children: correlation with neonatal ultrasound scans. (PubMed)

Impaired motor function (clumsiness) in 5 year old children: correlation with neonatal ultrasound scans. All 155 surviving children from a cohort of 200 very low birthweight infants originally studied in 1984-5 were traced. These infants had careful sequential ultrasound examinations in the neonatal period. The children were examined again at entry into school at 5 years of age. The test of motor impairment (TOMI) and the vocabulary subscale of the Wechsler preschool and primary scale (...) of intelligence (WPPSI) were administered to 152 of the index cohort and 144 control children of the same age in the same class at school. Twelve of the cohort had cerebral palsy, but eight of these were in mainstream schools. The index group scored significantly higher on both the TOMI and the WPPSI subscale compared with the controls. The index cases were subdivided on the basis of their neonatal ultrasound scans into four groups: group 1, consistently normal; group 2, 'prolonged flare'; group 3, germinal

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1992 Archives of Disease in Childhood

6226. The Scottish low birthweight study: II. Language attainment, cognitive status, and behavioural problems. (PubMed)

. Mean (SD) intelligence quotient (IQ) on the British ability scales was 92.9 (14.7). Within this population there were no significant differences between birthweight groups. Overall they performed poorly on visual recognition, verbal comprehension and number skills subscales--in the latter those with birth weights less than 1000 g were significantly worse than the heavier children. Only 5% had IQs less than 70, but a further 3% could not be tested because of other physical disability. Among those

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1992 Archives of Disease in Childhood

6227. Doctor-patient communication in rheumatology: studies of visual and verbal perception using educational booklets and other graphic material. (PubMed)

was tested with a multiple choice questionnaire (MCQ) scored by two raw score and two, more sensitive, weight-of-evidence methods. Further studies assessed perception of image detail, tone, and colour by ranking, rating, latency, and questionnaire methods. A subgroup was tested psychometrically. The main findings were: pictures in booklets enhance communication; perception of pictorial style depends on its vehicle of presentation, cartoons being most effective in booklets, photographs overall (...) ; simplifying text does not significantly enhance communication; certain picture-text 'interactions' appear to increase comprehension (e.g. 'hard' text with 'easy' pictures); several 'endogenous' factors are associated with increased comprehension: 'psychological' (e.g., intelligence, memory, reading skill); 'demographic' (e.g., the young, males, higher social grades, higher educational levels); 'disease' (e.g., longer disease duration, previous information about the disease).

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1986 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases

6228. The fragile X syndrome in a large family. II. Psychological investigations. (PubMed)

The fragile X syndrome in a large family. II. Psychological investigations. Intelligence levels and intelligence profiles were investigated in 52 members of a large family with the fragile X syndrome. The mental abilities were evaluated by the three Wechsler intelligence tests (WAIS, WISC-R, and WPPSI). Chromosomal and psychological data were then compared. In 22 non-retarded fra(X) negative family members, a mean IQ of 102 was found (males 97, females 106). Eleven non-retarded carrier females (...) had IQs between 70 and 110 (mean 86.8), which is 20 points below the mean of normal women (alpha = 0.01). One non-retarded male with 6% fra(X) positive cells had an IQ of 98. His intelligence profile closely resembled the profile in the non-retarded female carriers. The highest IQ in the group of retarded males was 31. The mentally retarded females scored IQs between 26 and 41. In male and female patients verbal intelligence substantially exceeded performance abilities. There was a considerable

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1987 Journal of Medical Genetics

6229. Cognitive development in transposition of the great vessels. (PubMed)

Cognitive development in transposition of the great vessels. Ten children who had had transposition of the great vessels (TGV) repaired, deep hypothermia, and cardiac arrest were examined. Seven children with acyanotic heart disease and 12 unaffected siblings were tested for comparison. Their intelligence, academic achievement, and behaviour was studied. The group with TGV had lower performance subscores on the intelligence test, an increase in somatic complaints, and aggressive behaviour.

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1988 Archives of Disease in Childhood

6230. Neuropsychological consequences of volatile substance abuse: a population based study of secondary school pupils. (PubMed)

functioning tests provided 35 main outcome measures and were administered blind. Data on educational test performance before substance abuse began were obtained retrospectively. Information on potentially confounding social factors, such as number of siblings, tenure of housing, and parents' socioeconomic and employment state was also obtained. The index children performed significantly less well than the controls in tests of vocabulary, verbal intelligence quotient, full scale intelligence quotient (...) were assessed in detail by means of (a) individually conducted interviews and (b) toxicological examination of breath samples (to exclude those intoxicated at the time of testing).16 Local education authority secondary schools in London.160 Pupils aged 13-16: 80 index children who had abused volatile substances to the point of intoxication at least once (confirmed by interview) and 80 controls (confirmed by interview) matched for school year, sex, and ethnic background.Neuropsychological

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1989 BMJ : British Medical Journal

6231. [Fatigue and practice effects during cognitive tasks lasting several hours]. (PubMed)

and the constructs intended to be measured, thus an effect on validity. In two studies with subjects working on intelligence and working memory tasks for a total of 9 hours distributed over 2 days in each study we tried to capture and separate effects of practice and fatigue using a quasi-experimental manipulation. In both studies (N = 128 and N = 133) the participants worked on the Berlin Structure of Intelligence Test (BIS-test) and on batteries of computerized working memory tasks. Groups of subjects were

2000 Zeitschrift fur experimentelle Psychologie : Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur Psychologie

6232. Genetic Testing for Cystic Fibrosis

Genetic Testing for Cystic Fibrosis NIH Consensus Statement Volume 15, Number 4 April 14–16, 1997 GENETIC TESTING FOR CYSTIC FIBROSIS Genetic Testing for Cystic Fibrosis NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Office of the Director About the NIH Consensus Development Program NIH Consensus Development Conferences are convened to evaluate available scientific information and resolve safety and efficacy issues related to a biomedical technology. The resultant NIH Consensus Statements are intended (...) the remainder of the second day and morning of the third. This statement is an independent report of the consensus panel and is not a policy statement of the NIH or the Federal Government. Reference Information For making bibliographic reference to this consensus state­ ment, it is recommended that the following format be used, with or without source abbreviations, but without authorship attribution: Genetic Testing for Cystic Fibrosis. NIH Consens Statement 1997 Apr 14-16; 15(4): 1-37. Continuing Medical

1997 NIH Consensus Statements

6233. Infectious Disease Testing for Blood Transfusions

Infectious Disease Testing for Blood Transfusions NIH Consensus Statement Volume 13, Number 1 January 9–11, 1995 Infectious Disease Testing for Blood Transfusions NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Office of the Director About The NIH Consensus Development Program NIH Consensus Development Conferences are convened to evaluate available scientific information and resolve safety and efficacy issues related to a biomedical technology. The resultant NIH Consensus Statements are intended to advance (...) 20892-9120. Reference Information For making bibliographic reference to this Consensus State­ ment, it is recommended that the following format be used, with or without source abbreviations, but without authorship attribution: Infectious Disease Testing for Blood Transfusions. NIH Consens Statement 1995 Jan 9–11; 13(1): 1–27. NIH Consensus Statement Volume 13, Number 1 January 9–11, 1995 Infectious Disease Testing for Blood Transfusions NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Office of the Director Abstract

1995 NIH Consensus Statements

6234. Should children with ADHD and normal intelligence be routinely screened for underlying cytogenetic abnormalities?

studies as many of the conditions mentioned, especially SCA, can remain clinically unrecognised in subjects with normal intelligence. Testing for these abnormalities is expensive and at present, is not indicated in the absence of clinical indications such as developmental delay, relevant physical signs, positive family history, or learning disability. There were numerous case reports and uncontrolled cohort studies looking at ADHD and specific populations of children with cytogenetic abnormalities (...) abnormalities Clinical Bottom Line There is limited evidence from an uncontrolled study that children with ADHD and normal intelligence do not display higher rates of underlying cytogenetic abnormalities (Grade D). Testing for these is therefore not indicated at present. Large well controlled studies would be required to provide more definite evidence Cytogenetic abnormalities are more commonly found in the presence of learning disability, developmental delay, relevant physical signs or positive family

2006 BestBETS

6235. Low intelligence increases risk of suicide

for this keyword Search for this keyword Main menu Log in using your username and password For personal accounts OR managers of institutional accounts Username * Password * your user name or password? You are here Low intelligence increases risk of suicide Article Text Aetiology Low intelligence increases risk of suicide Free Julie Cerel , PhD , Kerry L Knox , PhD Statistics from Altmetric.com Gunnell D, Magnusson PKE, Rasmussen F. Low intelligence test scores in 18-year-old men and risk of suicide: cohort (...) study. BMJ 2005 ; 330 : 167 –70. Q Does poor performance on intelligence tests predict suicide in Swedish men over 18 years old? METHODS Design: Retrospective cohort study. Follow up period: Five to 26 years from the date of military conscription to the date of suicide, emigration, or 31 December 1999, whichever was first. Setting: Swedish military service conscripts between 1968 and 1994. People: 987 308 Swedish men aged over 18 years who conscripted for military service, and for whom a full set

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2006 Evidence-Based Mental Health

6236. Process-oriented administration of the picture arrangement test does not affect the quantitative outcome. (PubMed)

Process-oriented administration of the picture arrangement test does not affect the quantitative outcome. Extracting the maximum amount of qualitative information of cognitive functioning from tests is one of the major goals, of the process approach to neuropsychological assessment. This study examined whether there is a difference in score in the Picture Arrangement (PA) test of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised for participants who completed the standardized versus a process (...) -oriented administration (i.e., asking the person to "tell the story" immediately following each item). Eighteen traumatic brain injury patients and 20 control participants (i. e., non-brain-injury volunteers) were randomly assigned to the standardized administration or the process-oriented administration of the PA test. A 2 x 2 (Group x Type of Administration) analysis of variance revealed no statistically significant interaction effect or main effect for type of administration. Therefore, the process

2005 Applied Neuropsychology

6237. Normative data for the selective reminding test: a random digit dialing sample. (PubMed)

battery and normative data are presented stratified by age and sex. Performance on alternate forms of this measure were examined. Mean education, intelligence quotient, and Wide Range Achievement Test-3 Reading scores are reported. (...) Normative data for the selective reminding test: a random digit dialing sample. Healthy control participants (46 women, M age=44.3 yr., SD=7.6; 29 men) were recruited to undergo a comprehensive neuropsychological battery and serve as a comparison group in a study of cognitive functioning in patients with Lyme isease. Participants were selected using Mitofsky-Waksberg random digit dialing. The Buschke 12-word, six-trial Selective Reminding Test was administered as part of the neuropsychological

2004 Psychological reports

6238. Stereotype threat and group differences in test performance: a question of measurement invariance. (PubMed)

Stereotype threat and group differences in test performance: a question of measurement invariance. Studies into the effects of stereotype threat (ST) on test performance have shed new light on race and sex differences in achievement and intelligence test scores. In this article, the authors relate ST theory to the psychometric concept of measurement invariance and show that ST effects may be viewed as a source of measurement bias. As such, ST effects are detectable by means of multi-group (...) confirmatory factor analysis. This enables research into the generalizability of ST effects to real-life or high-stakes testing. The modeling approach is described in detail and applied to 3 experiments in which the amount of ST for minorities and women was manipulated. Results indicate that ST results in measurement bias of intelligence and mathematics tests.((c) 2005 APA, all rights reserved).

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2005 Journal of personality and social psychology

6239. Neuropsychological effects associated with temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy depending on Wada test failure. (PubMed)

is associated with higher verbal memory deficits than AH (p = 0.07). Of those TL patients who failed the Wada test, the contralateral Wada score correlated with change scores in verbal intelligence quotient (p<0.01), and there was a strong trend towards a correlation with the logical memory immediate recall version subtest of the Wechsler Memory Scale (p = 0.06).No profound changes in intelligence quotient or memory scores were found after TL or AH. Nevertheless, patients who underwent TL and failed (...) Neuropsychological effects associated with temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy depending on Wada test failure. To compare the neuropsychological effects of temporal lobectomy (TL) and amygdalohippocampectomy (AH), depending on whether the patients had passed or failed the Wada test.We compared changes in neuropsychological scores in patients who underwent TL (n = 91) or AH (n = 15), and had passed or failed the Wada test. Comparisons were carried out in all 106 patients and among

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2004 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

6240. Early-onset schizophrenia is associated with impaired adolescent development of attentional capacity using the identical pairs continuous performance test. (PubMed)

Early-onset schizophrenia is associated with impaired adolescent development of attentional capacity using the identical pairs continuous performance test. The authors examined performance on the Continuous Performance Test-Identical Pairs "numbers" task in adolescents with schizophrenia (n=59) and healthy controls (n=55). Adjusting for an estimate of premorbid intelligence and socioeconomic status, patients performed worse than normal controls on all three d' conditions (2-digit, 3-digit, 4 (...) -digit). However, there was a significant group-by-age-by-condition interaction (F[4,100]=4.69, p<.01) indicating an interaction between development and disease state. At the simplest level of the task (2-digit) the difference between patients with schizophrenia and controls was evident at all ages; while for the more difficult levels of the task (3-digit, 4-digit), differences between groups gradually increased across the tested age span (10 to 20 years of age). Premorbid social isolation

2006 Schizophrenia Research

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