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Intelligence Testing

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41. The effective use of artificial intelligence technologies for improving food portion estimation outcomes in adults - a systematic review

The effective use of artificial intelligence technologies for improving food portion estimation outcomes in adults - a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration (...) will correct the total number of control animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other Subgroup analysis or meta-regression are used to explore between-study heterogeneity and can provide insight

2019 PROSPERO

42. Collaborative intelligence and gamification for on-line malaria species differentiation. (PubMed)

Collaborative intelligence and gamification for on-line malaria species differentiation. Current World Health Organization recommendations for the management of malaria include the need for a parasitological confirmation prior to triggering appropriate treatment. The use of rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria has contributed to a better infection recognition and a more targeted treatment. Nevertheless, low-density infections and parasites that fail to produce HRP2 can cause false-negative

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2019 Malaria journal

43. Modulating fluid intelligence performance through combined cognitive training and brain stimulation. (PubMed)

Modulating fluid intelligence performance through combined cognitive training and brain stimulation. It is debated whether cognitive training of specific executive functions leads to far transfer effects, such as improvements in fluid intelligence (Gf). Within this context, transcranial direct current stimulation and recently also novel protocols such as transcranial random noise and alternating current stimulation are being investigated with regards to their ability to enhance cognitive (...) control group. EF training consisted of gamified tasks drawing on isolated as well as integrated executive functions (working memory, inhibition, cognitive flexibility). Transfer was assessed with a combined measure of Gf including three established tests (Bochumer Matrizentest - BOMAT, Raven's Advanced Progressive Matrices - RAPM, and Sandia Matrices). We found significant improvements in Gf for the tDCS, mftDCS, and tRNS groups when compared with the no-contact group. In contrast, the mftACS group

2019 Neuropsychologia

44. Protein subnuclear localization based on a new effective representation and intelligent kernel linear discriminant analysis by dichotomous greedy genetic algorithm. (PubMed)

) to intelligently select its kernel bandwidth parameter. Two public datasets with Jackknife test and KNN classifier were used for the numerical experiments. The results showed that the overall success rate (OSR) with single representation CoPSSM is larger than that with many relevant representations. The OSR of the proposed method can reach as high as 87.444% and 90.3361% for these two datasets, respectively, outperforming many current methods. To show the generalization of the proposed algorithm, two extra (...) Protein subnuclear localization based on a new effective representation and intelligent kernel linear discriminant analysis by dichotomous greedy genetic algorithm. A wide variety of methods have been proposed in protein subnuclear localization to improve the prediction accuracy. However, one important trend of these means is to treat fusion representation by fusing multiple feature representations, of which, the fusion process takes a lot of time. In view of this, this paper novelly proposed

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2018 PLoS ONE

45. Childhood intelligence in relation to major causes of death in 68 year follow-up: prospective population study. (PubMed)

(by 16-58%) the association of intelligence with outcome rates.Conclusions In a whole national population year of birth cohort followed over the life course from age 11 to age 79, higher scores on a well validated childhood intelligence test were associated with lower risk of mortality ascribed to coronary heart disease and stroke, cancers related to smoking (particularly lung and stomach), respiratory diseases, digestive diseases, injury, and dementia.Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited (...) Childhood intelligence in relation to major causes of death in 68 year follow-up: prospective population study. Objectives To examine the association between intelligence measured in childhood and leading causes of death in men and women over the life course.Design Prospective cohort study based on a whole population of participants born in Scotland in 1936 and linked to mortality data across 68 years of follow-up.Setting Scotland.Participants 33 536 men and 32 229 women who were participants

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2017 BMJ

46. Enhanced intelligent water drops algorithm for multi-depot vehicle routing problem. (PubMed)

of the probability of acceptance criteria, are investigated. The exponential calculation of the probability of acceptance criteria for the simulated annealing based techniques is computationally expensive. Therefore, in order to maximize the performance of the intelligent water drop algorithm using simulated annealing, a better way of calculating the probability of acceptance criteria is considered. The performance of the proposed hybrid algorithm is evaluated by using 33 standard test problems, with the results (...) Enhanced intelligent water drops algorithm for multi-depot vehicle routing problem. The intelligent water drop algorithm is a swarm-based metaheuristic algorithm, inspired by the characteristics of water drops in the river and the environmental changes resulting from the action of the flowing river. Since its appearance as an alternative stochastic optimization method, the algorithm has found applications in solving a wide range of combinatorial and functional optimization problems. This paper

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2018 PLoS ONE

47. Mobile Internet Telephony Improves Speech Intelligibility and Quality for Cochlear Implant Recipients. (PubMed)

was considered. Volunteers with less than 50% aided monosyllabic word discrimination were excluded.Smartphone communication was changed from GSM to VoIP on two separate devices (A and B).Speech intelligibility was assessed with the Hochmair-Shulz-Moser (HSM) test in noise, speech quality with the mean opinion score (MOS) survey and the perceptual evaluation of speech quality (PESQ) algorithm.With device A, the mean HSM scores were 64.40% ± 32.41 with GSM and 77.28% ± 21.60 with VoIP (p = 0.0573). 66.7 (...) Mobile Internet Telephony Improves Speech Intelligibility and Quality for Cochlear Implant Recipients. The objective of this study was to investigate the benefit of mobile Voice over Internet protocol (VoIP) over conventional mobile phone calls (Global System for Mobile Communications, GSM) on speech intelligibility and quality for cochlear implant (CI) recipients.Cross-sectional, prospective.Tertiary referral center.A volunteer sample of experienced, German-speaking, adult CI recipients

2019 Otology and Neurotology

48. Comparing artificial intelligence algorithms to 157 German dermatologists: the melanoma classification benchmark. (PubMed)

Comparing artificial intelligence algorithms to 157 German dermatologists: the melanoma classification benchmark. Several recent publications have demonstrated the use of convolutional neural networks to classify images of melanoma at par with board-certified dermatologists. However, the non-availability of a public human benchmark restricts the comparability of the performance of these algorithms and thereby the technical progress in this field.An electronic questionnaire was sent (...) the patient). Main outcome measures were sensitivity, specificity and the receiver operating characteristics (ROC).Total 157 dermatologists assessed all 100 dermoscopic images with an overall sensitivity of 74.1%, specificity of 60.0% and an ROC of 0.67 (range = 0.538-0.769); 145 dermatologists assessed all 100 clinical images with an overall sensitivity of 89.4%, specificity of 64.4% and an ROC of 0.769 (range = 0.613-0.9). Results between test-sets were significantly different (P < 0.05) confirming

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2019 European Journal of Cancer

49. Social cognition in bipolar disorder: the role of sociodemographic, clinical and neurocognitive variables in emotional intelligence. (PubMed)

HC. EI was evaluated using the Mayer Salovey Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). The sociodemographic, clinical and neurocognitive variables that showed a significant association with EI were entered into hierarchical multiple regression analysis.BD patients obtained significantly lower scores compared to HC in the Emotional Intelligence quotient (EIQ) and in the Understanding Emotions branch score. The best fitting model for the variables associated with EI in the patients group (...) Social cognition in bipolar disorder: the role of sociodemographic, clinical and neurocognitive variables in emotional intelligence. The main aims of this study were to examine the differences in the Emotional Intelligence (EI), the emotional domain of social cognition (SC), between euthymic patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and healthy controls (HC) and to evaluate the contribution of sociodemographic, clinical and neuropsychological variables to EI.We recruited 202 patients with BD and 50

2019 Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica

50. Crystallized and fluid intelligence of university students with intellectual disability who are fully integrated versus those who studied in adapted enrichment courses. (PubMed)

: (a) separate adapted enrichment model: students with ID study in separate enrichment courses adapted to their level; (b) full inclusion model: students with ID are included in undergraduate courses, receive academic credits and are expected to accumulate the amount of credits for a B.A.(a) To examine whether crystallized and fluid intelligence and cognitive tests can serve as screening tests for determining the appropriate placement of students with ID for the adapted enrichment model versus the full (...) inclusion model. (b) To examine the attitudes towards the program of students with ID in the inclusion model.The sample included 31 adults with ID: students with ID who were fully included (N = 10) and students with ID who participated in the adapted enrichment model (N = 21). Crystallized and fluid intelligence were examined (WAIS-III, Wechsler, 1997) and Hebrew abstract verbal tests (Glanz, 1989). Semi-structured interviews were conducted in order to examine the attitudes of students in the inclusion

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2018 PLoS ONE

51. Will artificial intelligence be able to have this conversation?

Will artificial intelligence be able to have this conversation? Will artificial intelligence be able to have this conversation? Will artificial intelligence be able to have this conversation? | | February 5, 2019 14 Shares Transformation of health care is underway: The landscape is filled with innovation, and the horizon is dotted with technological possibilities of “Star Trek” ilk. In a recent New England Journal of Medicine Catalyst article, there was a compelling argument for how artificial (...) intelligence (AI) of the future will help deliver us from a high cost, high variability, poorly resourced state and help deliver the IHI triple aim quest we in health care have been on this past decade. At a recent national Health Analytics Summit, the plenary speaker Dr. Daniel Kraft sparked our imaginations and whetted our appetites with advancements that have already been created but not commercially available. Recently I saw one of my “regular” octogenarian patients for a blood pressure check she

2019 KevinMD blog

52. What bridges the gap between emotional intelligence and suicide risk in victims of bullying? A moderated mediation study. (PubMed)

What bridges the gap between emotional intelligence and suicide risk in victims of bullying? A moderated mediation study. Recent research has demonstrated that victims of bullying report serious problems, such as depression, which heighten the risk of suicide. Emotional intelligence (EI) has been increasingly recognized as a protective factor, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying the relation between EI and suicide risk in victims. This study aimed to test a theoretical model

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

53. Application of Artificial Intelligence for Preoperative Diagnostic and Prognostic Prediction in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Based on Blood Biomarkers. (PubMed)

Application of Artificial Intelligence for Preoperative Diagnostic and Prognostic Prediction in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Based on Blood Biomarkers. Purpose: We aimed to develop an ovarian cancer-specific predictive framework for clinical stage, histotype, residual tumor burden, and prognosis using machine learning methods based on multiple biomarkers.Experimental Design: Overall, 334 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and 101 patients with benign ovarian tumors were randomly (...) assigned to "training" and "test" cohorts. Seven supervised machine learning classifiers, including Gradient Boosting Machine (GBM), Support Vector Machine, Random Forest (RF), Conditional RF (CRF), Naïve Bayes, Neural Network, and Elastic Net, were used to derive diagnostic and prognostic information from 32 parameters commonly available from pretreatment peripheral blood tests and age.Results: Machine learning techniques were superior to conventional regression-based analyses in predicting multiple

2019 Clinical Cancer Research

54. Intelligence moderates the relationship between age and inter-connectivity of resting state networks in older adults. (PubMed)

state functional magnetic resonance imaging data. Global inter-connectivity between DMN and 9 other resting state networks was calculated using a novel computational framework based on machine learning. Intellectual functioning (intelligence) was estimated using the Wechsler Test of Adult Reading. A significant, positive relationship was found between age and global inter-network connectivity (r = 0.31, p = 0.029). Moderation analyses yielded a significant age × intelligence interaction term (p (...) Intelligence moderates the relationship between age and inter-connectivity of resting state networks in older adults. Age-related changes in the interactive behavior of default mode network (DMN) with other resting state networks are poorly understood. We hypothesized that age would positively correlate with inter-network connectivity in late life and intellectual functioning was expected to moderate this relationship. The sample consisted of 48 community-dwelling older adults with resting

2019 Neurobiology of Aging

55. Artificial intelligence detection of distal radius fractures: a comparison between the convolutional neural network and professional assessments. (PubMed)

Artificial intelligence detection of distal radius fractures: a comparison between the convolutional neural network and professional assessments. Background and purpose - Artificial intelligence has rapidly become a powerful method in image analysis with the use of convolutional neural networks (CNNs). We assessed the ability of a CNN, with a fast object detection algorithm previously identifying the regions of interest, to detect distal radius fractures (DRFs) on anterior-posterior (AP) wrist (...) groups. Results - The object detection model achieved a high average IOU, and none of the IOUs had a value less than 0.5. The AUC of the CNN for this test was 0.96. The network had better performance in distinguishing images with DRFs from normal images compared with a group of radiologists in terms of the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and Youden Index. The network presented a similar diagnostic performance to that of the orthopedists in terms of these variables. Interpretation - The network

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2019 Acta Orthopaedica

56. Comprehensive In Vitro Toxicity Testing of a Panel of Representative Oxide Nanomaterials: First Steps towards an Intelligent Testing Strategy (PubMed)

Comprehensive In Vitro Toxicity Testing of a Panel of Representative Oxide Nanomaterials: First Steps towards an Intelligent Testing Strategy Nanomaterials (NMs) display many unique and useful physico-chemical properties. However, reliable approaches are needed for risk assessment of NMs. The present study was performed in the FP7-MARINA project, with the objective to identify and evaluate in vitro test methods for toxicity assessment in order to facilitate the development of an intelligent (...) testing strategy (ITS). Six representative oxide NMs provided by the EC-JRC Nanomaterials Repository were tested in nine laboratories. The in vitro toxicity of NMs was evaluated in 12 cellular models representing 6 different target organs/systems (immune system, respiratory system, gastrointestinal system, reproductive organs, kidney and embryonic tissues). The toxicity assessment was conducted using 10 different assays for cytotoxicity, embryotoxicity, epithelial integrity, cytokine secretion

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2015 PloS one

57. Exploring the relationship between video game expertise and fluid intelligence. (PubMed)

MOBA League of Legends' correlates with fluid intelligence as measured under controlled laboratory conditions. In the second study, we also show that the age profile of performance in the two most widely-played MOBAs (League of Legends and DOTA II) matches that of raw fluid intelligence. We discuss and extend previous videogame literature on intelligence and videogames and suggest that commercial video games can be useful as 'proxy' tests of cognitive performance at a global population level. (...) Exploring the relationship between video game expertise and fluid intelligence. Hundreds of millions of people play intellectually-demanding video games every day. What does individual performance on these games tell us about cognition? Here, we describe two studies that examine the potential link between intelligence and performance in one of the most popular video games genres in the world (Multiplayer Online Battle Arenas: MOBAs). In the first study, we show that performance in the popular

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2017 PLoS ONE

58. Richard Smith: How might artificial intelligence improve healthcare?

and machine learning to predict movements in stocks and shares. The company started in 2009 with the funding and simply the concept that artificial intelligence and machine learning could be used to improve healthcare. In the early days the company tested the concept by working with doctors in the intensive care units in two Tel Aviv based hospitals. The company used data, artificial intelligence, and machine learning to predict which patients would die and which would develop kidney failure much more (...) blood count, age, and sex to measure a person’s risk of developing colon cancer. The hope is that artificial intelligence and machine learning can detect changes that will be meaningful before a clinician can do so. ColonFlag has been tested in populations in Israel, California, China, and the UK, and are essentially the same with each population. Experience in the UK An Oxford group has tested ColonFlag retrospectively using medical records from some 2.5 million patients in . ColonFlag

2017 The BMJ Blog

59. Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution?

Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? | The King's Fund Main navigation Health and care services Leadership, systems and organisations Patients, people and society Policy, finance and performance Search term Apply Clinical artificial intelligence: on the brink of a digital revolution? This content relates to the following topics: Share this content Guest blogs do not always represent (...) the views of The King’s Fund Ahead of The King’s Fund’s to inspire and challenge the future of health care, Hugh Harvey, Clinical Artificial Intelligence and Predictive Analysis Researcher at King's College London, imagines a world in which artificial intelligence has transformed frontline care. In the GP’s office, speech-recognition software quietly pulls key phrases from the doctor–patient consultation, and sends them to an aggregator. The tone of the patient’s voice, their heart rate and breathing

2017 King's Fund blog

60. Six things we learned from that massive new study of intelligence genes

identified a dozen genes associated with intelligence. Now has unearthed 40 more. So the total is now 52. Six takeaways from the massive new study of genes for intelligence, published in Nature Genetics. 1. This study was not about genes for “intelligence,” however you define “intelligence.” It was about genes that influence the ability to do well on standardized tests aimed at quantifying cognitive abilities. At earlier points in the history of Homo sap , “intelligence” might have meant being able (...) to remember where and what time of year a particular tree would be festooned with fruit, or to read the landscape so as to track prey animals. Today, in much of the world, intelligence tests are a not-unreasonable surrogate for that squidgy concept, “intelligence.” For one thing, test scores correlate with other measures of success in modern life, such as educational achievement and good health and longevity. For another, let’s be practical here, test scores were one kind of data available

2017 PLOS Blogs Network

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