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Intelligence Testing

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201. Correlational structure of ‘frontal’ tests and intelligence tests indicates two components with asymmetrical neurostructural correlates in old age Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correlational structure of ‘frontal’ tests and intelligence tests indicates two components with asymmetrical neurostructural correlates in old age Both general fluid intelligence (gf) and performance on some 'frontal tests' of cognition decline with age. Both types of ability are at least partially dependent on the integrity of the frontal lobes, which also deteriorate with age. Overlap between these two methods of assessing complex cognition in older age remains unclear. Such overlap could (...) be investigated using inter-test correlations alone, as in previous studies, but this would be enhanced by ascertaining whether frontal test performance and gf share neurobiological variance. To this end, we examined relationships between gf and 6 frontal tests (Tower, Self-Ordered Pointing, Simon, Moral Dilemmas, Reversal Learning and Faux Pas tests) in 90 healthy males, aged ~ 73 years. We interpreted their correlational structure using principal component analysis, and in relation to MRI-derived regional

2014 Intelligence

202. Modulating affective experience and emotional intelligence with loving kindness meditation and transcranial direct current stimulation: A pilot study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

by the Mayer, Salovey and Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test. Results indicated no effects of training on EI, and no main effects of LKM, electrode placement, or tDCS current strength on affect ratings. There was a significant interaction of electrode placement by meditation condition (p = 0.001), such that those assigned to LKM and right TPJ tDCS, regardless of current strength, rated neutral and positive images more positively after training. Results suggest that LKM may enhance positive affective (...) Modulating affective experience and emotional intelligence with loving kindness meditation and transcranial direct current stimulation: A pilot study. Positive emotional perceptions and healthy emotional intelligence (EI) are important for social functioning. In this study, we investigated whether loving kindness meditation (LKM) combined with anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) would facilitate improvements in EI and changes in affective experience of visual stimuli. LKM has

2017 Social neuroscience Controlled trial quality: uncertain

203. Software intelligent system for effective solutions for hearing impaired subjects. (Abstract)

Software intelligent system for effective solutions for hearing impaired subjects. The anatomy and physiology of the ear is complex in nature, which makes it a challenge for audiologists to prescribe solutions for varied hearing-impaired subjects. There is a need to increase the satisfaction level of hearing-aid users by adopting better strategies that involve modern technological advancements.To design and develop a decision support Software Intelligent System (SIS) that performs audiological (...) made by the audiologists, and by the SIS. It was developed with artificial neural network-based gain predictions.Of the tested subjects, 256 were identified as hearing-impaired. The calculated sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of the computerised audiometer incorporated in the SIS are 93%, 85% and 90% respectively. Furthermore, 86% of the hearing-impaired subjects were satisfied during their first hearing-aid trial with the gain recommendations from SIS.The findings suggest that the proposed

2017 International journal of medical informatics

204. Intelligent Electric Bicycle for Health (VELIS) to Optimize the Return to Physical Activity for Oncology Patients

the impact on the physical capacities n°6 [ Time Frame: 4 Months ] Analysis of the progression during intelligent electric bicycle (VELIS) sessions with associated factors (gender) Evaluate the impact on the physical capacities n°7 [ Time Frame: 4 Months ] Analysis of the progression during intelligent electric bicycle (VELIS) sessions with associated factors (pathologies) Evaluate the impact on the physical capacities n°8 [ Time Frame: 4 Months ] Constant-Load Exercise Test at 80% MAP (Maximum Aerobic (...) Intelligent Electric Bicycle for Health (VELIS) to Optimize the Return to Physical Activity for Oncology Patients Intelligent Electric Bicycle for Health (VELIS) to Optimize the Return to Physical Activity for Oncology Patients - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved

2017 Clinical Trials

205. The Effect of Personal Activity Intelligence Versus 10,000 Steps Daily on Cardiorespiratory Fitness

The Effect of Personal Activity Intelligence Versus 10,000 Steps Daily on Cardiorespiratory Fitness The Effect of Personal Activity Intelligence Versus 10,000 Steps Daily on Cardiorespiratory Fitness - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please (...) remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effect of Personal Activity Intelligence Versus 10,000 Steps Daily on Cardiorespiratory Fitness The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03336047 Recruitment Status

2017 Clinical Trials

206. Multiple Intelligences Profiles of Children with Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder in Comparison with Nonattention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014. Samples were selected based on clinical interview (based on Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV and parent-teacher strengths and difficulties questionnaire), which was done by psychiatrist and psychologist. Raven intelligence quotient (IQ) test was used, and the findings were compared to the results of multiple intelligences test. Data (...) group was 102.42 ± 16.26 and 96.72 ± 16.06, respectively, that reveals the negative effect of ADHD on IQ average value. There was an insignificance relationship between linguistic and naturalist intelligence (P > 0.05). However, in other kinds of multiple intelligences, direct and significant relationships were observed (P < 0.05).Since the levels of IQ (Raven test) and MI in control group were more significant than ADHD group, ADHD is likely to be associated with logical-mathematical, interpersonal

2017 Advanced biomedical research

207. The moderator effect of sex on attitude toward communication, emotional intelligence, and empathy in the nursing field Full Text available with Trip Pro

; and the Trait Meta Mood Scale 24 was used to measure emotional intelligence. The sample was composed of 450 nurses working in 7 hospitals located in Valencia, Spain. The t-test for independent samples was used to verify whether there were statistically significant differences, together with a prior application of the Levene test to assess the equality of variances. The correlations were analyzed using Person's coefficient. Finally, the Beta coefficients of variables predicting ATC's dimensions were verified (...) The moderator effect of sex on attitude toward communication, emotional intelligence, and empathy in the nursing field to analyze differences in the variables for the object of this study (attitude toward communication, emotional intelligence, and empathy) according to sex; verify correlations among variables between men and women and analyze regression models according to sex.the ATC was used to measure attitudes toward communication; the Jefferson Scale of Empathy was used to measure empathy

2017 Revista latino-americana de enfermagem

208. Speech intelligibility after repair of cleft lip and palate Full Text available with Trip Pro

: Sixty-four monolingual Persian-speaking children, 32 children with repaired CL/P, and 32 controls aged 3 to 5 years participated in this survey. Their speech intelligibility was evaluated through the Persian Speech Intelligibility Test and was normalized on children 3 to 5 years. Each speech sample was heard by a speech and language pathologist (SLP), as well as 2 nonprofessional listeners. Two objective measures of speech intelligibility including Percentage of Consonants Correct (PCC (...) Speech intelligibility after repair of cleft lip and palate Background: Intelligibility refers to understandability of speech; and lack of it can negatively affect children's overall communication effectiveness. Children with repaired cleft lip and/or cleft palate (CL/P) may experience poor speech intelligibility. This study aimed at evaluating speech intelligibility in children with repaired CL/P who had not been referred to speech-language pathology clinics for early intervention. Methods

2017 Medical journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran

209. Anti-Runaway Prevention System with Wireless Sensors for Intelligent Track Skates at Railway Stations Full Text available with Trip Pro

monitoring and management system. This system, which has been updated from the traditional track skates, comprises four parts: intelligent track skates, a signal reader, a database station, and a monitoring system. This system can monitor the real-time situation of track skates without changing their workflow for anti-runaway prevention, and thus realize the integration of anti-runaway prevention information management. This system was successfully tested and practiced at Sunjia station in Harbin Railway (...) Anti-Runaway Prevention System with Wireless Sensors for Intelligent Track Skates at Railway Stations Anti-runaway prevention of rolling stocks at a railway station is essential in railway safety management. The traditional track skates for anti-runaway prevention of rolling stocks have some disadvantages since they are operated and monitored completely manually. This paper describes an anti-runaway prevention system (ARPS) based on intelligent track skates equipped with sensors and real-time

2017 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

210. A Brief Assessment of Intelligence Decline in Schizophrenia As Represented by the Difference between Current and Premorbid Intellectual Quotient Full Text available with Trip Pro

intelligence decline (ID) during the progression of schizophrenia. ID can be estimated by comparing premorbid and current intellectual quotient (IQ) by means of the Adult Reading Test and Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS), respectively. For the purpose of brief assessment, we have recently developed the WAIS-Short Form, which consists of Similarities and Symbol Search and well reflects functional outcomes. According to the degree of ID, patients were classified into three distinct subgroups (...) A Brief Assessment of Intelligence Decline in Schizophrenia As Represented by the Difference between Current and Premorbid Intellectual Quotient Patients with schizophrenia elicit several clinical features, such as psychotic symptoms, cognitive impairment, and subtle decline of intelligence. The latter two features become evident around the onset of the illness, although they may exist even before the disease onset in a substantial proportion of cases. Here, we review the literature concerning

2017 Frontiers in Psychiatry

211. Deep learning architectures for multi-label classification of intelligent health risk prediction Full Text available with Trip Pro

Deep learning architectures for multi-label classification of intelligent health risk prediction Multi-label classification of data remains to be a challenging problem. Because of the complexity of the data, it is sometimes difficult to infer information about classes that are not mutually exclusive. For medical data, patients could have symptoms of multiple different diseases at the same time and it is important to develop tools that help to identify problems early. Intelligent health risk (...) prediction models built with deep learning architectures offer a powerful tool for physicians to identify patterns in patient data that indicate risks associated with certain types of chronic diseases.Physical examination records of 110,300 anonymous patients were used to predict diabetes, hypertension, fatty liver, a combination of these three chronic diseases, and the absence of disease (8 classes in total). The dataset was split into training (90%) and testing (10%) sub-datasets. Ten-fold cross

2017 BMC bioinformatics

212. An assessment of emotional intelligence in emergency medicine resident physicians Full Text available with Trip Pro

An assessment of emotional intelligence in emergency medicine resident physicians To define the emotional intelligence (EI) profile of emergency medicine (EM) residents, and identify resident EI strengths and weaknesses.First-, second-, and third-year residents (post-graduate years [PGY] 1, 2, and 3, respectively) of Thomas Jefferson University Hospital's EM Program completed the Emotional Quotient Inventory (EQ-i 2.0), a validated instrument offered by Multi-Health Systems. Reported scores (...) included total mean EI, 5 composite scores, and 15 subscales of EI. Scores are reported as means with 95% CIs. The unpaired, two-sample t-test was used to evaluate differences in means.Thirty-five residents completed the assessment (response rate 97.2%). Scores were normed to the general population (mean 100, SD 15). Total mean EI for the cohort was 103 (95%CI,100-108). EI was higher in female (107) than male (101) residents. PGY-2s demonstrated the lowest mean EI (95) versus PGY-1s (104) and PGY-3s

2017 International Journal of Medical Education

213. Predicting Intelligibility Deficit in Dysphonic Speech with Cepstral Peak Prominence. (Abstract)

Predicting Intelligibility Deficit in Dysphonic Speech with Cepstral Peak Prominence. The aim of this study was to examine the potential of cepstral peak prominence (CPP) for predicting the intelligibility deficit in dysphonic speech.Sentences from Hearing-in-Noise Test were recorded from 18 speakers with dysphonia and 18 speakers with normal voice. These samples were presented to 60 adults with normal hearing in quiet and noise at signal to noise ratio of +0 dB. Intelligibility was measured (...) by orthographic transcription. Cepstral peak prominence was measured for all samples. Correlation between CPP and intelligibility score was examined.Intelligibility was significantly lower in dysphonic speech than normal speech in the presence of background noise. The correlation between CPP and intelligibility score was moderate when the intelligibility scores were averaged per speaker.Cepstral peak prominence only moderately predicts intelligibility deficit in dysphonic speech. Accordingly, CPP alone

2017 Rhinology and Laryngology

214. Speech intelligibility benefits of frequency-lowering algorithms in adult hearing aid users: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

testing in quiet across 145 participants with both algorithms providing comparable gains. Equivalent results were found between frequency-lowering and conventional processing on all other speech measures.Based on the available data, frequency-lowering does seem to provide some improvement in an individual's speech intelligibility dependant on the stimulus type, although the benefits were modest. This improvement was not seen across all measures, however those who do not benefit from the technology (...) Speech intelligibility benefits of frequency-lowering algorithms in adult hearing aid users: a systematic review and meta-analysis. This systematic review evaluated the effectiveness of two frequency-lowering schemes, non-linear frequency compression and frequency transposition, at improving speech intelligibility for adult hearing-impaired populations.A systematic search of 10 electronic databases was carried out using pre-defined inclusion criteria. Accepted articles were then critically

2017 International journal of audiology

215. Maternal intelligence quotient (IQ) predicts IQ and language in very preterm children at age 5 years. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, 84 VPT and 38 demographically matched full-term (FT) children underwent neurodevelopmental assessment. Children's intellectual ability was assessed using The Wechsler Preschool Primary Scale of Intelligence-III, and language was assessed with the Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals Preschool-2. The Wechsler Test of Adult Reading estimated maternal intellectual ability. The StimQ-Preschool questionnaire provided a measure of cognitive stimulation in the home. Linear mixed-effects models (...) Maternal intelligence quotient (IQ) predicts IQ and language in very preterm children at age 5 years. Sociodemographic factors are linked to cognitive outcomes in children born very preterm (VPT; ≤30 weeks gestation). The influence of maternal intellectual ability, a heritable trait, is unknown. Also undetermined is the extent to which associations between maternal and child intellectual ability vary according to parenting behaviors that target cognitive stimulation in the home.At age 5 years

2017 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

216. Intelligibility of degraded speech and the relationship between symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity and language impairment in children with suspected auditory processing disorder. (Abstract)

Intelligibility of degraded speech and the relationship between symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity and language impairment in children with suspected auditory processing disorder. To compare the sensitivity and specificity of Auditory Figure Ground sub-tests of the SCAN-3 battery, using signal to noise ratio (SNR) of +8 dB (AFG+8) and 0 dB (AFG0), in identifying auditory processing disorder (APD). A secondary objective was to evaluate any difference in auditory processing (AP (...) ) between children with symptoms of inattention versus combined sub-types of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).Data from 201 children, aged 6 to 16 years (mean: 10 years 6 months, SD: 2 years 8 months), who were assessed for suspected APD were reviewed retrospectively. The outcomes of the SCAN-3 APD test battery, Swanson Nolan and Pelham-IV parental rating (SNAP-IV) and Children's Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2) were analysed.AFG0 had a sensitivity of 56.3% and specificity of 100

2017 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

217. Cortical Functional Connections and Fluid Intelligence in Adolescent APOE ε4 Carriers. (Abstract)

Cortical Functional Connections and Fluid Intelligence in Adolescent APOE ε4 Carriers. This study examined differences in corticocortical communication between adolescent ε4 carriers (ε4+) and noncarriers (ε4-) during a fluid intelligence task (Comprehensive Test of Nonverbal Intelligence [CTONI]).Sixteen ε4+ and 20 ε4- individuals aged 13-15 years performed the CTONI while real-time EEG signals were acquired. Inter- and intrahemispheric coherences were analyzed.The ε4+ subjects exhibited lower (...) inter- and intrahemispheric coherences than the ε4- individuals.ε4 carriers have lower corticocortical communication than noncarriers during an intelligence task, implying that carrying the ε4 allele may reduce brain networking in adolescence, several decades before the onset of Alzheimer disease.© 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2017 Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders

218. Intelligence and Academic Achievement of Adolescents with Craniofacial Microsomia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intelligence and Academic Achievement of Adolescents with Craniofacial Microsomia. The authors compared the IQ and academic achievement of adolescents with craniofacial microsomia (cases) and unaffected children (controls). Among cases, the authors analyzed cognitive functioning by facial phenotype.The authors administered standardized tests of intelligence, reading, spelling, writing, and mathematics to 142 cases and 316 controls recruited from 26 cities across the United States and Canada

2017 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

219. Meta-Analysis of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. (Abstract)

Meta-Analysis of Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is associated with a moderate degree of underperformance on cognitive tests, including deficient processing speed. However, despite little research focusing on Intelligence Quotient (IQ) in OCD, it has long been speculated that the disorder is associated with elevated intellectual capacity. The present meta-analytic study was, therefore, conducted to quantitatively summarize (...) no significant moderating effect across clinical and demographic indices. We conclude that, although lower than controls, OCD is associated with normative FSIQ and VIQ, and relatively lowered PIQ. These results are discussed in light of neuropsychological research in OCD, and particularly the putative impact of reduced processing speed in this population. Recommendations for utilization of IQ tests in OCD, and directions for future studies are offered.

2017 Neuropsychology review

220. Childhood inflammatory markers and intelligence as predictors of subsequent persistent depressive symptoms: a longitudinal cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Childhood inflammatory markers and intelligence as predictors of subsequent persistent depressive symptoms: a longitudinal cohort study. To identify developmental sub-groups of depressive symptoms during the second decade of life, a critical period of brain development, using data from a prospective birth cohort. To test whether childhood intelligence and inflammatory markers are associated with subsequent persistent depressive symptoms.IQ, a proxy for neurodevelopment, was measured at age 8

2017 Psychological Medicine

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