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Intelligence Testing

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181. Familiarization Effects on Consonant Intelligibility in Dysarthric Speech. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Familiarization Effects on Consonant Intelligibility in Dysarthric Speech. This study investigates the effects of familiarization on naïve listeners' ability to identify consonants in dysarthric speech.A total of 120 listeners (30 listeners/speaker) participated in experiments over a 6-week period. Listeners were randomly assigned to one of the three familiarization conditions: a passive condition in which listeners heard audio recordings of words, an active condition in which listeners heard (...) audio recordings of words while viewing the written material of words, and a control condition in which listeners had no exposure to the audio signal prior to identification tasks.Familiarization improved naïve listeners' ability to identify consonants produced by a speaker with dysarthria. The active familiarization method exhibited an advantage over the other conditions, in terms of the magnitude and rapidness of improvement. One-month delayed test scores were higher than pre-familiarization

2018 Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

182. Effects of an Educational Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in School Students

measured with EQi-YV and ERQ-CA questionnaires. Statistical analysis was made with Student's t and Mann-Whitney's U tests. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Emotional Intelligence Behavioral: Emotional Intelligence lessons Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 179 participants Allocation: Randomized Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor) Primary Purpose (...) Effects of an Educational Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in School Students Effects of an Educational Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in School Students - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before

2018 Clinical Trials

183. Validation of the Utility of an Intelligent Visual Acuity Diagnostic System for Children

Arms and Interventions Go to Arm Intervention/treatment Eligible patients for AI test. Device: An intelligent visual acuity diagnostic system for children. An artificial intelligence to evaluate children's vision. Device: An intelligent visual acuity diagnostic system for children An artificial intelligence to make evaluation and of children's vision. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The proportion of accurate, mistaken and miss detection of the intelligent visual acuity diagnostic (...) Validation of the Utility of an Intelligent Visual Acuity Diagnostic System for Children Validation of the Utility of an Intelligent Visual Acuity Diagnostic System for Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies

2018 Clinical Trials

184. Artificial Intelligence Identifying Polyps in Real-world Colonoscopy

Artificial Intelligence Identifying Polyps in Real-world Colonoscopy Artificial Intelligence Identifying Polyps in Real-world Colonoscopy - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Artificial (...) Intelligence Identifying Polyps in Real-world Colonoscopy The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03761771 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : December 3, 2018 Last Update Posted : December 17, 2018 Sponsor: Zhaoshen Li Information provided by (Responsible Party): Zhaoshen Li, Changhai

2018 Clinical Trials

185. Artificial Intelligence for Early Diagnosis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Artificial Intelligence for Early Diagnosis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Artificial Intelligence for Early Diagnosis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding (...) more. Artificial Intelligence for Early Diagnosis of Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03759756 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : November 30, 2018 Last

2018 Clinical Trials

186. Artificial Intelligence-Assisted Auscultation of Heart Murmurs: Validation by Virtual Clinical Trial. (Abstract)

Artificial Intelligence-Assisted Auscultation of Heart Murmurs: Validation by Virtual Clinical Trial. Artificial intelligence (AI) has potential to improve the accuracy of screening for valvular and congenital heart disease by auscultation. However, despite recent advances in signal processing and classification algorithms focused on heart sounds, clinical acceptance of this technology has been limited, in part due to lack of objective performance data. We hypothesized that a heart murmur (...) detection algorithm could be quantitatively and objectively evaluated by virtual clinical trial. All cases from the Johns Hopkins Cardiac Auscultatory Recording Database (CARD) with either a pathologic murmur, an innocent murmur or no murmur were selected. The test algorithm, developed independently of CARD, analyzed each recording using an automated batch processing protocol. 3180 heart sound recordings from 603 outpatient visits were selected from CARD. Algorithm estimation of heart rate was similar

2018 Pediatric Cardiology

187. Performance of artificial intelligence in human pathology: a systematic review

Performance of artificial intelligence in human pathology: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email (...) animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other Subgroup analysis or meta-regression are used to explore between-study heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study

2020 PROSPERO

188. Evaluating the relationship between emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders in patients with Multiple Sclerosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

between emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Methods: The demographic data of 92 MS patients participating in this study were recorded. The emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders were studied using the Bradberry-Greaves, and MS Neuropsychological Questionnaire (MSNQ) tests, respectively. Results: 16 men and 76 women were considered in this study. The mean age of the participants was 33.4 years, the mean duration of the disease was 6.8 years (...) Evaluating the relationship between emotional intelligence and cognitive disorders in patients with Multiple Sclerosis Background: Emotional intelligence refers to a process through which an individual is not only capable of understanding his/her/others' emotions, but also is able to manage them. Emotional intelligence can get disturbed due to different neurological diseases. Since cognition and emotion are directly and closely related, the present study aims to evaluate the relationship

2018 Iranian journal of neurology

189. Self-Adjusted Amplification Parameters Produce Large Between-Subject Variability and Preserve Speech Intelligibility Full Text available with Trip Pro

and audiologist-fit gain indicated consistent within-subject performance but a great deal of between-subject variability. Gain selection did not strongly affect intelligibility within the range of signal-to-noise ratios tested. Implications from the findings are that individual listeners have consistent preferences for gain and may prefer gain configurations that differ greatly from National Acoustic Laboratories-based prescriptions in quiet and in noise. (...) Self-Adjusted Amplification Parameters Produce Large Between-Subject Variability and Preserve Speech Intelligibility The current study used the self-fitting algorithm to allow listeners to self-adjust hearing-aid gain or compression parameters to select gain for speech understanding in a variety of quiet and noise conditions. Thirty listeners with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss adjusted gain parameters in quiet and in several types of noise. Outcomes from self-adjusted gain

2018 Trends in hearing

190. The Power of EI Competencies Over Intelligence and Individual Performance: A Task-Dependent Model Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Power of EI Competencies Over Intelligence and Individual Performance: A Task-Dependent Model Prior research on emotional intelligence (EI) has highlighted the use of incremental models that assume EI and general intelligence (or g) make independent contributions to performance. Questioning this assumption, we study EI's moderation power over the relationship between g and individual performance, by designing and testing a task-dependent interaction model. Reconciling divergent findings

2018 Frontiers in psychology

191. Functional diversity of brain networks supports consciousness and verbal intelligence Full Text available with Trip Pro

these systems in response to external stimulation predicted higher intellectual abilities during conscious cognition, in particular higher verbal acuity scores in independent cognitive testing battery. These convergent findings suggest that the responsivity of sensory and higher-order brain systems to external stimulation, especially through the diversification of their functional responses is an essential feature of conscious cognition and verbal intelligence. (...) Functional diversity of brain networks supports consciousness and verbal intelligence How are the myriad stimuli arriving at our senses transformed into conscious thought? To address this question, in a series of studies, we asked whether a common mechanism underlies loss of information processing in unconscious states across different conditions, which could shed light on the brain mechanisms of conscious cognition. With a novel approach, we brought together for the first time, data from

2018 Scientific reports

192. Do children born to teenage parents have lower adult intelligence? A prospective birth cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Do children born to teenage parents have lower adult intelligence? A prospective birth cohort study. Teenage motherhood has been associated with a wide variety of negative offspring outcomes including poorer cognitive development. In the context of limitations of previous research, this paper assesses the contemporary relevance of this finding. In this study we investigate the long-term cognitive status (IQ) among 21 year adult offspring born to teenage parents using the Mater University Study (...) of Pregnancy- a prospective birth cohort study, which recruited all pregnant mothers attending a large obstetrical hospital in Brisbane, Australia, from 1981 to 1983. The analyses were restricted to a sub-sample of 2643 mother-offspring pair. Offspring IQ was measured using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test at 21 year. Parental age was reported at first clinic visit. Offspring born to teenage mothers (<20 years) have -3.0 (95% Confidence Interval (CI): -4.3, -1.8) points lower IQ compared to children

2017 PLoS ONE

193. Quantitative faecal immunochemical tests to guide referral for colorectal cancer in primary care

Quantitative faecal immunochemical tests to guide referral for colorectal cancer in primary care Quantitativ Quantitative faecal immunochemical e faecal immunochemical tests to guide referr tests to guide referral for colorectal al for colorectal cancer in primary care cancer in primary care Diagnostics guidance Published: 26 July 2017 nice.org.uk/guidance/dg30 © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our (...) the environmental impact of implementing NICE recommendations wherever possible. Quantitative faecal immunochemical tests to guide referral for colorectal cancer in primary care (DG30) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 40Contents Contents 1 Recommendations 4 2 Clinical need and practice 5 The problem addressed 5 The condition 5 The diagnostics and care pathways 6 3 The diagnostic tests 9 The interventions 9

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Diagnostics Guidance

194. Relations Between the Intelligibility of Speech in Noise and Psychophysical Measures of Hearing Measured in Four Languages Using the Auditory Profile Test Battery Full Text available with Trip Pro

Relations Between the Intelligibility of Speech in Noise and Psychophysical Measures of Hearing Measured in Four Languages Using the Auditory Profile Test Battery The aim of the present study was to determine the relations between the intelligibility of speech in noise and measures of auditory resolution, loudness recruitment, and cognitive function. The analyses were based on data published earlier as part of the presentation of the Auditory Profile, a test battery implemented in four (...) languages. Tests of the intelligibility of speech, resolution, loudness recruitment, and lexical decision making were measured using headphones in five centers: in Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Correlations and stepwise linear regression models were calculated. In sum, 72 hearing-impaired listeners aged 22 to 91 years with a broad range of hearing losses were included in the study. Several significant correlations were found with the intelligibility of speech in noise

2015 Trends in hearing

195. Can We Learn to Treat One Another Better? A Test of a Social Intelligence Curriculum Full Text available with Trip Pro

Can We Learn to Treat One Another Better? A Test of a Social Intelligence Curriculum This paper reports on the first test of the value of an online curriculum in social intelligence (SI). Built from current social and cognitive neuroscience research findings, the 50 session SI program was administered, with facilitation in Spanish by classroom instructors, to 207 students from Universidad Rey Juan Carlos in Madrid as part of their undergraduate classes. All materials were translated (...) into Castilian Spanish, including outcome measures of SI that have been used in prior studies to provide valid estimates of two key components of social intelligence: 1) Sensitivity to others and 2) confidence in one's capacity to manage social situations. Pre- and Posttest were administered to participants in the SI training, and also to 87 students in similar classes who did not receive the program who served as the control group. Gender and emotional intelligence levels at pretest also were examined

2015 PloS one

196. A Statistical Method for the Analysis of Speech Intelligibility Tests Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Statistical Method for the Analysis of Speech Intelligibility Tests Speech intelligibility tests are conducted on hearing-impaired people for the purpose of evaluating the performance of a hearing device under varying listening conditions and device settings or algorithms. The speech reception threshold (SRT) is typically defined as the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at which a subject scores 50% correct on a speech intelligibility test. An SRT is conventionally measured with an adaptive

2015 PloS one

197. The relationship of speech intelligibility with hearing sensitivity, cognition, and perceived hearing difficulties varies for different speech perception tests Full Text available with Trip Pro

The relationship of speech intelligibility with hearing sensitivity, cognition, and perceived hearing difficulties varies for different speech perception tests Listeners vary in their ability to understand speech in noisy environments. Hearing sensitivity, as measured by pure-tone audiometry, can only partly explain these results, and cognition has emerged as another key concept. Although cognition relates to speech perception, the exact nature of the relationship remains to be fully understood (...) . This study investigates how different aspects of cognition, particularly working memory and attention, relate to speech intelligibility for various tests. Perceptual accuracy of speech perception represents just one aspect of functioning in a listening environment. Activity and participation limits imposed by hearing loss, in addition to the demands of a listening environment, are also important and may be better captured by self-report questionnaires. Understanding how speech perception relates to self

2015 Frontiers in psychology

198. Tests for detecting strabismus in children aged 1 to 6 years in the community. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tests for detecting strabismus in children aged 1 to 6 years in the community. Strabismus (misalignment of the eyes) is a risk factor for impaired visual development both of visual acuity and of stereopsis. Detection of strabismus in the community by non-expert examiners may be performed using a number of different index tests that include direct measures of misalignment (corneal or fundus reflex tests), or indirect measures such as stereopsis and visual acuity. The reference test to detect (...) strabismus by trained professionals is the cover‒uncover test.To assess and compare the accuracy of tests, alone or in combination, for detection of strabismus in children aged 1 to 6 years, in a community setting by non-expert screeners or primary care professionals to inform healthcare commissioners setting up childhood screening programmes.Secondary objectives were to investigate sources of heterogeneity of diagnostic accuracy.We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL

2017 Cochrane

199. Direct tests for liver disease

on existing ultrasound machines. ? Fibroscan® and ARFI elastography are currently restricted to secondary care. However, mobile Fibroscan® devices are available from the manufacturer that could be used in a community setting. ? An ‘intelligent LFTs’ pilot project in NHS Tayside is being considered for national roll-out: GPs request blood tests for patients with abnormal liver function and no clear diagnosis; hospital laboratories automatically perform further tests to determine disease aetiology (...) Direct tests for liver disease SHTG Advice Statement | 1 Advice Statement 010-18 July 2018 Advice Statement What is the most accurate and cost-effective direct test (ELF test™, hyaluronic acid, P3NP, Fibroscan® or ARFI elastography) for detecting and staging liver fibrosis and/or cirrhosis in patients with diagnosed or suspected non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, alcohol-related liver disease, or viral hepatitis? Advice for NHSScotland Due to the limited comparative evidence available

2018 SHTG Advice Statements

200. Use of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT-A): a committee opinion

Use of preimplantation genetic testing (PGT-A): a committee opinion The use of preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidy (PGT-A): a committee opinion Practice Committees of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine and the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Thevalueofpreimplantationgenetictestingforaneuploidy(PGT-A)asascreeningtestforinvitrofertilization(IVF)patientshasyetto (...) , morphology-based grading had been the primary technique used in in vitro fertilization (IVF) to evaluate and select the most competent embryos for transfer. Technologies have been devel- oped in the?elds of genomics, transcrip- tomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and time-lapseimagingtotrytoassistinthe selectionofthebestembryos.However,a focus has been on analysis of 24- chromosomecopynumberforevaluation and transfer of only diagnosed euploid embryos, also known as preimplantation genetic testing

2018 Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology

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