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Intelligence Testing

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1. Emotional Intelligence (EI) Tests Can Predict a Dental Student?s Clinical Performance

Emotional Intelligence (EI) Tests Can Predict a Dental Student?s Clinical Performance UTCAT3180, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Emotional Intelligence (EI) Tests Can Predict a Dental Student’s Clinical Performance Clinical Question Among dental students, does performance on an emotional intelligence (EI) test predict students’ success in the clinical phase of the curriculum? Clinical Bottom Line (...) of the idea of making emotional intelligence testing a component of the dental school admissions process or using EI scores for guidance of students during their training is inhibited by the lack of standardization among the various EI tests currently available. The varying methodologies for evaluation of emotional intelligence leaves room for criticism of how realistic the scores can be in reflecting students’ performance. Additionally, EI investigations have used many different outcome measures

2017 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

2. Performance of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in five-year-old children in Taiwan: Relationship to intelligence and cognitive development. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in five-year-old children in Taiwan: Relationship to intelligence and cognitive development. (1) To develop the norm of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), (2) to investigate the pathway of the indices for WCST performances and (3) the association between WCST, intelligence quotient (IQ), and parent-report measures of children's development in typically developing five-year-olds in the community.Fifty-three children were recruited from community health (...) centers. The WCST, Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-Revised (WPPSI-R), and Taiwan Birth Cohort Study- Developmental Instrument (TBCS-DI) was used to measure children's executive function, IQ and parent report of children's development respectively.Mean categories achieved (CA) was 2.02 (standard deviation [SD] = 1.41), and percent conceptual level response (PCLR) was 29.85(SD = 18.36) in five year-olds. The WCST indices showed a pathway relationship of PCLR being negatively

2018 PLoS ONE

3. Testing the link between visual suppression and intelligence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Testing the link between visual suppression and intelligence. The impairment to discriminate the motion direction of a large high contrast stimulus or to detect a stimulus surrounded by another one is called visual suppression and is the result of the normal function of our visual inhibitory mechanisms. Recently, Melnick et al. (2013), using a motion discrimination task, showed that intelligence strongly correlates with visual suppression (r = 0.71). Cook et al. (2016) also showed a strong link (...) between contrast surround suppression and IQ (r = 0.87), this time using a contrast matching task. Our aim is to test this link using two different visual suppression tasks: a motion discrimination task and a contrast detection task. Fifty volunteers took part in the experiments. Using Bayesian staircases, we measured duration thresholds in the motion experiment and contrast thresholds in the spatial experiment. Although we found a much weaker effect, our results from the motion experiment still

2018 PLoS ONE

4. Gender differences in emotion perception and self-reported emotional intelligence: A test of the emotion sensitivity hypothesis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gender differences in emotion perception and self-reported emotional intelligence: A test of the emotion sensitivity hypothesis. Previous meta-analyses and reviews on gender differences in emotion recognition have shown a small to moderate female advantage. However, inconsistent evidence from recent studies has raised questions regarding the implications of different methodologies, stimuli, and samples. In the present research based on a community sample of more than 5000 participants, we (...) tested the emotional sensitivity hypothesis, stating that women are more sensitive to perceive subtle, i.e. low intense or ambiguous, emotion cues. In addition, we included a self-report emotional intelligence test in order to examine any discrepancy between self-perceptions and actual performance for both men and women. We used a wide range of stimuli and models, displaying six different emotions at two different intensity levels. In order to better tap sensitivity for subtle emotion cues, we did

2018 PLoS ONE

5. Intelligent Liver Function Testing (iLFT): A trial of automated diagnosis and staging of liver disease in Primary Care. (Abstract)

Intelligent Liver Function Testing (iLFT): A trial of automated diagnosis and staging of liver disease in Primary Care. Liver function tests (LFTs) are frequently requested blood tests which may indicate liver disease. LFTs are commonly abnormal, the causes of which can be complex and frequently under investigated. This can lead to missed opportunities to diagnose and treat liver disease at an early stage. We developed an automated investigation algorithm, which would maximise early diagnosis (...) of liver related diseases. Our aim was to determine whether this new pathway of care, Intelligent Liver Function testing (iLFT) increased diagnosis of liver disease and was cost-effective.We developed an automated system that further investigated abnormal LFTs on initial testing samples to generate a probable diagnosis and management plan. We integrated an automated investigation algorithm into the laboratory management system, based on minimal diagnostic criteria, liver fibrosis estimation, and reflex

2019 Journal of Hepatology

6. Does integral affect influence intentions to use artificial intelligence for skin cancer screening? A test of the affect heuristic. (Abstract)

Does integral affect influence intentions to use artificial intelligence for skin cancer screening? A test of the affect heuristic. Objective: This study investigated how affect influences people's processing of messages about risks and benefits of using autonomous artificial intelligence (AI) technology to screen for skin cancer. We examined integral affect (emotion derived during decision making) separately from incidental affect (extraneous mood states). Design: Using the affect heuristic

2019 Psychology & health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. Artificial intelligence outperforms pulmonologists in the interpretation of pulmonary function tests. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Artificial intelligence outperforms pulmonologists in the interpretation of pulmonary function tests. The interpretation of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) to diagnose respiratory diseases is built on expert opinion which relies on the recognition of patterns and clinical context for the detection of specific diseases. In the study, we aimed to explore the accuracy and inter-rater variability of pulmonologists when interpreting PFTs and compared it against that of artificial intelligence (AI

2019 European Respiratory Journal

8. Potential roles of artificial intelligence learning and faecal immunochemical testing for prioritisation of colonoscopy in anaemia. (Abstract)

Potential roles of artificial intelligence learning and faecal immunochemical testing for prioritisation of colonoscopy in anaemia. Iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anaemia and a frequent indication for colonoscopy, although the prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) in IDA is low. Measurement of faecal haemoglobin by immunochemical techniques (FIT) is used to detect symptomatic patients. We studied FIT in patients with anaemia attending a gastroenterology clinic (...) in Plymouth and looked at an artificial intelligence (AI) learning algorithm (ColonFlag™) in these patients, together with a cohort who had undergone colonoscopy for IDA in London. Of 592 patients referred on the basis of haemoglobin concentration, 21 (3.5%) had CRC. Using ColonFlag™, rather than haemoglobin concentration, in combination with symptoms, would have resulted in prioritisation of 304 patients for urgent referral rather than 592. One CRC would have been missed but might have been detected

2019 British journal of haematology

9. Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment

Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer Caris Molecular Intelligence for guiding cancer treatment treatment Medtech innovation briefing Published: 20 September 2017 nice.org.uk/guidance/mib120 pathways Summary Summary The technology technology described in this briefing is Caris Molecular Intelligence (CMI). It is used to help guide future management of locally advanced or metastatic cancer. The inno innovativ vative aspects e (...) of 13The cost cost of CMI is £5,800 per test (excluding VAT), which includes the cost of shipping the sample, the full report, and a consultation between the ordering clinician and a member of the company's medical team. The resource impact resource impact would be additional costs compared with standard care, including test costs, sample preparation and additional multidisciplinary team meetings. There is no published evidence assessing the cost effectiveness of CMI. The technology The technology

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

10. A Matrixed Speech-in-Noise Test to Discriminate Favorable Listening Conditions by Means of Intelligibility and Response Time Results. (Abstract)

A Matrixed Speech-in-Noise Test to Discriminate Favorable Listening Conditions by Means of Intelligibility and Response Time Results. The primary aim of this study was to develop and examine the potentials of a new speech-in-noise test in discriminating the favorable listening conditions targeted in the acoustical design of communication spaces. The test is based on the recognition and recall of disyllabic word sequences. A secondary aim was to compare the test with current speech-in-noise (...) and no reverberation, and (b) reverberant, steady-state noise (Speech Transmission Index: 0.47). The tests were presented in a closed-set format; data on the number of words correctly recognized (speech intelligibility, IS) and the response times (RTs) were collected (onset RT, single words' RT).It was found that a sequence composed of 4 disyllabic words ensured both the full recognition score in quiet conditions and a significant decrease in IS results when noise and reverberation degraded the speech signal. RTs

2018 Journal of speech, language, and hearing research : JSLHR

11. Demographically Calibrated Norms for Two Premorbid Intelligence Measures: The Word Accentuation Test and Pseudo-Words Reading Subtest Full Text available with Trip Pro

Demographically Calibrated Norms for Two Premorbid Intelligence Measures: The Word Accentuation Test and Pseudo-Words Reading Subtest The Word Accentuation Test (WAT, Spanish adaptation of the NART) and the Pseudo-Words (PW) Reading subtest from the Battery for Reading Processes Assessment-Revised (PROLEC-R) are measures to estimate premorbid IQ. This study aims to develop demographically calibrated norms for these premorbid measures in a representative sample of the adult Spanish population

2018 Frontiers in psychology

12. Eye Movements and Cognitive Strategy in a Fluid Intelligence Test: Item Type Analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Eye Movements and Cognitive Strategy in a Fluid Intelligence Test: Item Type Analysis Eye movements help to infer the cognitive strategy that a person uses in fluid intelligence tests. However, intelligence tests demand different relations/rules tokens to be solved, such as rule direction, which is the continuation, variation or overlay of geometric figures in the matrix of the intelligence test. The aim of this study was to understand whether eye movements could predict the outcome (...) of an intelligence test and in the rule item groups. Furthermore, we sought to identify which measure is best for predicting intelligence test scores and to understand if the rule item groups use the same strategy. Accordingly, 34 adults completed a computerized intelligence test with an eye-tracking device. The toggling rate, that is, the number of toggles on each test item equalized by the item latency explained 45% of the variance of the test scores and a significant amount of the rule tokens item groups

2018 Frontiers in psychology

13. The Leuven Embedded Figures Test (L-EFT): measuring perception, intelligence or executive function? Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Leuven Embedded Figures Test (L-EFT): measuring perception, intelligence or executive function? Performance on the Embedded Figures Test (EFT) has been interpreted as a reflection of local/global perceptual style, weak central coherence and/or field independence, as well as a measure of intelligence and executive function. The variable ways in which EFT findings have been interpreted demonstrate that the construct validity of this measure is unclear. In order to address this lack of clarity (...) , we investigated to what extent performance on a new Embedded Figures Test (L-EFT) correlated with measures of intelligence, executive functions and estimates of local/global perceptual styles. In addition, we compared L-EFT performance to the original group EFT to directly contrast both tasks. Taken together, our results indicate that performance on the L-EFT does not correlate strongly with estimates of local/global perceptual style, intelligence or executive functions. Additionally, the results

2018 PeerJ

14. Development of the Korean Adult Reading Test (KART) to estimate premorbid intelligence in dementia patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development of the Korean Adult Reading Test (KART) to estimate premorbid intelligence in dementia patients. We aimed to develop a word-reading test for Korean-speaking adults using irregularly pronounced words that would be useful for estimation of premorbid intelligence. A linguist who specialized in Korean phonology selected 94 words that have irregular relationship between orthography and phonology. Sixty cognitively normal elderly (CN) and 31 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) were (...) asked to read out loud the words and were administered the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, 4th edition, Korean version (K-WAIS-IV). Among the 94 words, 50 words that did not show a significant difference between the CN and the AD group were selected and constituted the KART. Using the 30 CN calculation group (CNc), a linear regression equation was obtained in which the observed full-scale IQ (FSIQ) was regressed on the reading errors of the KART, where education was included as an additional

2017 PLoS ONE

15. Testing an Intelligent Tutoring System to Enhance Genetic Risk Assessment

Testing an Intelligent Tutoring System to Enhance Genetic Risk Assessment Testing an Intelligent Tutoring System to Enhance Genetic Risk Assessment - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Testing (...) . This study will adapt and test the impact of an easily scalable novel Intelligent Tutoring System intervention to enhance GCRA use and improve psychosocial outcomes in a clinical sample of underserved Latina and Black women at-risk of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Hereditary Breast and Ovarian Cancer Behavioral: BRCA-Gist Behavioral: NCI Arm Not Applicable Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical

2018 Clinical Trials

16. An Overview of Clinical Applications of Artificial Intelligence

An Overview of Clinical Applications of Artificial Intelligence An Overview of Clinical Applications of Artificial Intelligence | CADTH.ca CADTH Document Viewer An Overview of Clinical Applications of Artificial Intelligence Table of Contents Search this document An Overview of Clinical Applications of Artificial Intelligence October 2018 Background Like many industries, health care is generating increased volumes of data and becoming increasingly reliant on it. 1 Applications that use (...) artificial intelligence (AI) may offer opportunities to make better use of health care’s increasingly data-driven environment and could change the way health care is delivered to Canadians. What is Artificial Intelligence? AI is a branch of computer science concerned with the development of systems that can perform tasks that would usually require human intelligence, such as problem-solving, reasoning, and recognition. 2-5 With theory and work dating back to the 1950s, AI is not a new concept

2018 CADTH - Issues in Emerging Health Technologies

17. Relationships among stress, emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, and cytokines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to poor emotional regulation. Additionally, emotional application was positively correlated with full-scale IQ scores and scores on the vocabulary, picture arrangement, and block design subtests of the IQ test. High IL-10 levels were significantly associated with low stress levels only in the right-brain-dominant group. High IL-10 and IFN-gamma levels have been associated with high scores of arithmetic intelligence. TNF-alpha and IL-6 were negatively associated with vocabulary scores and full-scale IQ (...) Relationships among stress, emotional intelligence, cognitive intelligence, and cytokines. The brain has multiple functions, and its structures are very closely related to one another. Thus, the brain areas associated with stress, emotion, and intelligence are closely connected. The purpose of this study was to investigate the multiple associations between stress and emotional intelligence (EI), between EI and intelligence quotient (IQ), between cytokines and stress, and between cytokines

2019 Medicine

18. Development of a psychological test to measure ability-based emotional intelligence in the Indonesian workplace using an item response theory Full Text available with Trip Pro

Development of a psychological test to measure ability-based emotional intelligence in the Indonesian workplace using an item response theory This study aimed to develop an emotional intelligence (EI) test that is suitable to the Indonesian workplace context. Airlangga Emotional Intelligence Test (Tes Kecerdasan Emosi Airlangga [TKEA]) was designed to measure three EI domains: 1) emotional appraisal, 2) emotional recognition, and 3) emotional regulation. TKEA consisted of 120 items with 40 (...) items for each subset. TKEA was developed based on the Situational Judgment Test (SJT) approach. To ensure its psychometric qualities, categorical confirmatory factor analysis (CCFA) and item response theory (IRT) were applied to test its validity and reliability. The study was conducted on 752 participants, and the results showed that test information function (TIF) was 3.414 (ability level = 0) for subset 1, 12.183 for subset 2 (ability level = -2), and 2.398 for subset 3 (level of ability = -2

2017 Psychology research and behavior management

19. Evaluation of Validity Evidence for Personality, Emotional Intelligence, and Situational Judgment Tests to Identify Successful Residents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of Validity Evidence for Personality, Emotional Intelligence, and Situational Judgment Tests to Identify Successful Residents. The ability to identify candidates who will thrive and successfully complete their residency is especially critical for general surgery programs.To assess the extent to which 3 screening tools used extensively in industrial selection settings-emotional intelligence (EQ), personality profiles, and situational judgment tests (SJTs)-could identify successful (...) significant incremental validity over USMLE1 scores. Inclusion of the personality factors did not significantly alter the test statistic and did not explain any additional portion of the variance. By contrast, inclusion of SJT scores accounted for 15% more of the variance than USMLE1 scores alone, resulting in a total of 25% of the variance explained by both USMLE1 and SJT scores (F2,57 = 7.47; P = .002). Both USMLE1 (t = 2.21; P = .03) and SJT scores (t = 2.97; P = .005) were significantly associated

2017 JAMA surgery

20. Intelligence and Creativity in Problem Solving: The Importance of Test Features in Cognition Research Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intelligence and Creativity in Problem Solving: The Importance of Test Features in Cognition Research This paper discusses the importance of three features of psychometric tests for cognition research: construct definition, problem space, and knowledge domain. Definition of constructs, e.g., intelligence or creativity, forms the theoretical basis for test construction. Problem space, being well or ill-defined, is determined by the cognitive abilities considered to belong to the constructs, e.g (...) ., convergent thinking to intelligence, divergent thinking to creativity. Knowledge domain and the possibilities it offers cognition are reflected in test results. We argue that (a) comparing results of tests with different problem spaces is more informative when cognition operates in both tests on an identical knowledge domain, and (b) intertwining of abilities related to both constructs can only be expected in tests developed to instigate such a process. Test features should guarantee that abilities can

2017 Frontiers in psychology

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