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Insight and Judgement

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101. Specialist dementia care units

by the SDCU (i.e. dementia with extreme or very severe BPSD). Applicability is an assessment of the extent to which the evidence is relevant to the Australian system of health and aged care. 17 Clinical impact is an assessment of the likely benefit of applying the evidence to the target population and is based on a judgement that is necessarily quite subjective. 17 Given the nature of this Evidence Check, impact is potentially broader than just clinical impact, involving consideration of the impact (...) and discharge • Appendix E: Organisational characteristics. Appendix C provides additional information to facilitate judgements about generalisability and applicability. No papers were excluded based on the quality of what was reported. The review includes studies published between 2005 and 2017. The number of participants in individual studies varied from 16 to 6299. No studies identified a particular special needs group. 4.2 Patient flow — admission criteria, occupancy, lengths of stay and discharge

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

102. Use of licensed medicines for unlicensed applications in psychiatric practice (2nd edition)

) with greater experience or expertise if the medicine to be used does not have an extensive evidence base to support its use for the proposed indication, or if you have particular concerns, or if you feel insufficiently expert in this field. Consider the anticipated risks and benefits of treatment, giving particular thought in vulnerable groups such as children and adolescents, women of child-bearing age, elderly patients, physically ill patients, and patients with impaired insight and judgement

2018 Royal College of Psychiatrists

103. The Foyer model for homeless youth: a systematic mapping review

of this, no judgements about the effectiveness of the model can be drawn from the present systematic mapping review. Further research on the Foyer model seems warranted. 13 5BPreface Preface The Housing Directorate in Norway (Husbanken) commissioned the unit for social wel- fare research in the Norwegian Institute of Public Health to map out all existing re- search on the Foyer model for young people who are homeless or at-risk of becoming homeless in the transition to independent living and adulthood

2018 Norwegian Institute of Public Health

105. New and emerging technologies in neurophysiology and operating theatres

as emerging techniques are adopted. Novel methods of nerve conduction assessment, measuring muscle responses to nerve stimulation and vestibular system tests are all likely to be widely adopted within the next 10 years. This will improve assessment of certain conditions and also facilitate new insights, particularly in relation to lesser understood conditions. In operating theatres, advances in technologies are likely to improve and/or automate the way in which patients are monitored, and anaesthetics (...) the technologies and the specialised workforce skills required for the safe and efficient use of these technologies in practice. This rapid review seeks to highlight technological and procedural issues related to these workforces and provide insight into supply and demand drivers that may influence these workforces in future. 12 TECHNOLOGY IN NEUROPHYSIOLOGY AND OPERATING THEATRES | SAX INSTITUTE Methods Peer reviewed literature Various distinct searches of the PubMed database were conducted in August 2017

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

107. Prevention and early intervention for adults with mild to moderate depression

and programs identified in the Evidence Check on prevention and early intervention programs for people aged 18 years and over with mild–moderate depression and anxiety 83 MILD-MODERATE DEPRESSION AND ANXIETY IN ADULTS | SAX INSTITUTE 7 1 Executive summary Background The purpose of the report is to review and summarise the evidence base for the effectiveness of interventions that prevent or manage mild to moderate depression and anxiety in adults. The review makes judgements about the overall strength

2018 Sax Institute Evidence Check

109. Postpartum women living with HIV: Challenges related to retention in care, treatment adherence, and mental health

“supporting mothers to avoid mother-to-child transmission” (e.g. reinforcing medical advice and strategies to manage HIV and motherhood) and “emotional support” (e.g. role modelling and non-judgemental acceptance). Authors concluded that the program was a successful hybrid between the Mentor Mother programs in Africa and peer support models already operating in England. A recent intervention in the U.S. evaluated a Perinatal Medical Case Management (PCM) program among pregnant and postpartum women living (...) retention in HIV care: Insight from the Swiss HIV Cohort Study over a 15-year observational period. HIV Medicine. 2016;17(4):280–88. Boehme AK, Davies SL, Moneyham L, Shrestha S, Schumacher J, Kempf MC. A qualitative study on factors impacting HIV care adherence among postpartum HIV-infected women in the rural southeastern USA. AIDS Care. 2014;26(5):574–81. Williams E, Barnes L, Rowsell C, Islam M, Amofa N, Wills M, et al. The impact of financial support for replacement infant feeding on postpartum

2018 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

110. Our data-driven future in healthcare

benefits and minimise potential harms to individuals, the NHS and society. Technologies should not be used for purposes that may unfairly disadvantage certain individuals or groups. This is consistent with the principles governing the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence’s (NICE) social value judgements developed by its Citizens Council. 30 Commercial access to patient data: purposes and benefit-sharing Patients, the public and healthcare professionals do not support the use of patient (...) /nia_20090001_en.pdf 28. Ipsos MORI (2018). Future data-driven technologies and the implications for use of patient data. www.acmedsci.ac.uk/datadialogue 29. Ipsos MORI (2016). The One-Way Mirror: Public attitudes to commercial access to health data. https://wellcome.ac.uk/sites/default/files/public-attitudes-to-commercial-access-to-health-data- wellcome-mar16.pdf 30. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (2008). Social value judgements: Principles for the development of NICE guidance, Second edition

2018 Academy of Medical Sciences

111. Care around stillbirth and neonatal death

and provide appropriate assistance to parents. The guideline is not intended to be prescriptive, but is designed to provide reliable, up-to-date information enabling integration of best evidence, clinicians’ judgement and individual choice in arriving at decisions about care. Clinical practice guidelines may be considered as generally recommended practice. Inevitably, given the nature and sensitivity of the subject and the lack of high quality studies, some contentious issues remain. The Working Party

2019 Centre of Research Excellence in Stillbirth

112. What is the evidence on the methods, frameworks and indicators used to evaluate health literacy policies, programmes and interventions at the regional, national and organizational levels?

are the responsibility of the authors. They do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Regional Office.viii SUMMARY The issue Health literacy can be defined as the capacity of individuals, families and communities to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion in order to maintain or improve their quality of life. It is considered to be a social determinant (...) literacy is linked to literacy and entails people’s knowledge, motivation and competences to access, understand, appraise and apply health information in order to make judgements and take decisions in everyday life concerning health care, disease prevention and health promotion to maintain or improve quality of life during the life course. Health literacy: the solid facts outlined a whole-of-society, multisectoral approach that addressed health literacy across the whole life-course and included

2019 WHO Health Evidence Network

113. WHO consolidated guideline on self-care interventions for health: sexual and reproductive health and rights

in the preparation of this guideline 133 Annex 2: Existing recommendations for noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) 135 Annex 3: Scoping review: WHO self-care definitions Annex 8: Guideline Development Group (GDG) judgements related to the new recommendations 149 152 Annex 6: Priority questions and outcomes for the interventions identified for this guideline Web annex: GRADE tables (available at: https://www.who.int/ reproductivehealth/self- care-interventions/en/) 138 Annex 4: Glossary 151 Annex 7: List of reviews

2019 World Health Organisation Guidelines

115. Appropriate prescribing of psychotropic medication for non-cognitive symptoms in people with dementia

, 2015 for further details of these terms. Dementia A chronic, progressive disease of the brain that affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, judgement, and executive function. Dementia with Lewy bodies A particular type of dementia accompanied by changes in behaviour, (DwLB) cognition and movement. Like Parkinson’s disease, this is caused by abnormal accumulation of a protein called alpha-synuclein in the brain However, dementia with Lewy bodies

2019 National Clinical Guidelines (Ireland)

116. Obesity, diet and nutrition evidence review technical report

. Findings: Five of the 38 publications reported dietary only interventions, 11 reported physical activity only interventions and 22 described combined Intervention: School-based interventions to prevent obesity that include characteristics of social marketing benchmark criteria such as customer orientation, behaviour, theory, insight, exchange, competition, segmentation or methods mix. Outcome: Weight change outcomes (BMI, prevalence of overweight and obesity). Evidence statement B: This intervention

2019 Public Health Wales Observatory Evidence Service

118. Clinical practice guideline on peri- and postoperative care of arteriovenous fistulas and grafts for haemodialysis in adults (Full text)

. The second part—under development when this guideline went to press—will cover aspects related to access choice, preoperative vessel assessment and central venous catheters. We hope the current and planned CPG will assist the professional community in making decisions about vascular access processes, pathways and care; help patients and caregivers gain insight and facilitate joint decision making in this field. SUMMARY OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS Chapter 1. Medical treatments for promoting arteriovenous

2019 European Renal Best Practice PubMed abstract

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