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Infant Nutritional Sources

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161. HIV and infant feeding in emergencies: operational guidance

Purpose of this document The purpose of this document is to provide operational guidance on HIV and infant feeding in emergencies. It is intended to be used to complement emergency and sectoral guidelines on health, nutrition and HIV, including specifically IYCF, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) and paediatric antiretroviral therapy (ART). It aims to support pregnant and lactating women living with HIV in feeding their HIV-exposed infants (0–11 months) and young children (12 (...) with HIV and others who may not know their HIV status. The purpose of this document is to provide operational guidance on HIV and infant feeding in emergencies. It is intended to be used to complement emergency and sectoral guidelines on health, nutrition and HIV, including specifically infant feeding, prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and paediatric antiretroviral treatment. The envisaged target audience consists of decision-makers, policy-makers, national and subnational government

2018 World Health Organisation Guidelines

162. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Diagnosis and Treatment in Children and Adolescents

and that psychostimulants can be effective for children 6–12 years of age. • Atomoxetine had slightly higher gastrointestinal effects than methylphenidate. • Cognitive behavioral therapy may improve ADHD symptoms among children 7–17 years of age. • Child or parent training improved ADHD symptoms among children 7–17 years of age but did not change academic performance. • Omega-3/6 supplementation made no difference in ADHD symptoms. • Future studies are needed to evaluate diagnosis, monitoring, and long-term outcomes (...) Boston Children’s Hospital Boston, MA Coleen Boyle, Ph.D., M.S.Hyg. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, GA Teka Dempson National Federation of Families for Children’s Mental Health Durham, NC Theodore Ganiats, M.D. University of Miami Miami, FL Laurence Greenhill, M.D. Columbia University Medical Center New York, NY Aaron Lopata, M.D., M.P.P. Health Resources and Services Administration Maternal and Child Health Bureau Rockville, MD Doris Lotz, M.D., M.P.H. Chief Medical Officer New

2018 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

163. Understanding the Determinants of the Mental Health of School-aged Children and Youth: a Rapid Review

the mental health or mental wellbeing of school-aged children and youth? 4 Literature Search In May 2017, a search of peer-reviewed and grey literature was conducted and key informants were contacted (see Appendix A). The published literature search included MEDLINE Suite, PsycINFO, SocINDEX, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, and CINAHL. The grey literature sources included: ? Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) ? Ontario Centre of Excellence for Child and Youth Mental Health ? Public (...) , alcohol or drug abuse -Weak problem solving skills -Low self-esteem -Feeling of a lack of control -Feeling negative emotions -Isolation -Weak social skills 2. Family Determinants (p.6) ? Protective factors / conditions: -Strong emotional attachment -Positive, warm and supportive parent-child relationships -Safe stable housing, adequate nutrition, and access to childcare ? Risk factors / conditions -Poor attachment, lack of warm/affectionate parenting and positive relationships throughout childhood

2018 Peel Health Library

164. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Behavioral Treatment of Obesity and Overweight in Children and Adolescents

but also involves the parents and potentially other family members as active participants, and the level of their involvement varies according to the developmental age of the child. The emphasis is on equipping caregivers with tools (problem solving, providing contingent rewards, etc.) that can be used to manage energy-balance behaviors and have relevance to myriad other childhood issues. Both parents and children are tar- geted for increases in healthy physical activity and eating behav- ior (...) and Overweight in Children and Adolescents Current State of the Evidence and Research Needs Clinical Practice Guideline Development Panel Maria M. Llabre, PhD, Chair University of Miami Jamy D. Ard, MD, Vice-Chair Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center Gary Bennett, PhD Duke University Phillip J. Brantley, PhD Louisiana State University Barbara Fiese, PhD University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Jane Gray, PhD Texas Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Childhood Obesity Patty Nece, JD U.S

2018 American Psychological Association

165. Feeding and Swallowing Assessment Services for Pediatric Populations in Canada: Service Provision, Practice Models, and Assessment Tools

SLPs VFSS SLPs FEES SLPs Physicians BC BC Children’s Hospital Team-based Oral-motor assessment OTs Feeding/swallowing assessment OTs VFSS OTs Program-based Oral-motor assessment OTs Feeding/swallowing assessment OTs VFSS OTs The Centre for Child Development Team-based Oral-motor assessment SLPs Feeding/swallowing assessment SLPs OTs Queen Alexandra Centre for Children's Health Team-based Oral-motor assessment SLPs OTs Feeding/swallowing assessment SLPs OTs RDs Physicians VFSS SLPs OTs Nutrition (...) assessments and behavioural assessments are also administered by psychologists. RDs, physicians, and RNs assess pediatric patients’ growth and nutrition. Ontario SLPs are responsible for administering oral-motor assessments at Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital. Feeding and swallowing assessments and VFSS are performed by SLPs, OTs, RDs, and physicians. Quebec Both respondents indicated that only OTs administer oral-motor assessments. Feeding and swallowing assessments are administered by OTs

2017 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

166. School Lunch Program (SLP) Towards Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Nutrition Status of Adolescents

School Lunch Program (SLP) Towards Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Nutrition Status of Adolescents School Lunch Program (SLP) Towards Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Nutrition Status of Adolescents - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved (...) studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. School Lunch Program (SLP) Towards Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude, Practices and Nutrition Status of Adolescents The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03638557 Recruitment Status : Active, not recruiting First Posted : August

2018 Clinical Trials

167. Global disease burden of pathogens in animal source foods, 2010. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and young children. Production and consumption of ASF are, however, also associated with potential food safety risks. Strengthening of food control systems, informed by quantitative assessments of the disease burden associated with ASF is necessary to meet global nutrition goals. We present the human disease burden associated with 13 pathogens (bacteria and parasites) in ASF, based on an analysis of global burden of foodborne disease (FBD) estimates of the WHO Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology (...) Global disease burden of pathogens in animal source foods, 2010. Animal source foods (ASF) such as dairy, eggs, fish and meat are an important source of high-quality nutrients. Lack of ASF in diets can result in developmental disorders including stunting, anemia, poor cognitive and motor development. ASF are more effective in preventing stunting than other foods and promoting ASF consumption in low- and middle-income countries could help improve health, particularly among pregnant women

2019 PLoS ONE

168. Iron intakes of Australian infants and toddlers: findings from the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Iron intakes of Australian infants and toddlers: findings from the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial (InFANT) Program. Fe deficiency remains the most common nutritional deficiency worldwide and young children are at particular risk. Preventative food-based strategies require knowledge of current intakes, sources of Fe, and factors associated with low Fe intakes; yet few data are available for Australian children under 2 years. This study's objectives were to determine (...) intakes and food sources of Fe for Australian infants and toddlers and identify non-dietary factors associated with Fe intake. Dietary, anthropometric and socio-demographic data from the Melbourne Infant Feeding, Activity and Nutrition Trial Program were analysed for 485 infants (mean age: 9·1 (sd 1·2) months) and 423 toddlers (mean age: 19·6 (sd 2·6) months) and their mothers. Dietary intakes were assessed via 24-h recalls over 3 non-consecutive days. Prevalence of inadequate Fe intake was estimated

2015 The British journal of nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

169. Common ways Americans are incorporating fruits and vegetables into their diet: intake patterns by meal, source, and form, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2010 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Common ways Americans are incorporating fruits and vegetables into their diet: intake patterns by meal, source, and form, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2007–2010 We explored how Americans aged ≥2 years who consumed the recommended amount of fruits and vegetables on a given day incorporated fruits and vegetables into their diet compared with those who did not consume recommended amounts.We used 1 d of dietary recall data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination (...) at breakfast or as a snack and almost 90 % came from retail outlets regardless of whether they consumed the recommended amount or not. Adults who consumed the recommended amount of fruits ate more fruits in raw form and with no additions than those who did not. Among children and adults, 52-57 % of vegetables were consumed at dinner by both groups. Retail outlets were the main source of vegetables consumed (60-68 %).Our findings indicate that habits of when, where and how consumers eat fruits

2016 Public health nutrition

170. Lipid emulsions in the treatment and prevention of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in infants and children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lipid emulsions in the treatment and prevention of parenteral nutrition-associated liver disease in infants and children. Long-term parenteral nutrition (PN) carries the risk of progressive liver disease in infants with intestinal failure. Although PN-associated liver disease (PNALD) is multifactorial in etiology, components of soybean oil lipid emulsions have been implicated in the disease's pathogenesis. Historically, infants with PNALD who were unable to wean from PN to full enteral feeding (...) developed cirrhosis and end-stage liver disease, which require liver transplantation to survive. Over the past 2 decades, novel strategies for the management of parenteral lipids have improved morbidity and mortality from PNALD in infants with intestinal failure. Current strategies for the treatment of PNALD include restricting the dose of parenteral soybean oil lipid emulsion and/or replacing the soybean oil with a parenteral fish-oil lipid emulsion or emulsions of mixed-lipid sources. The purpose

2016 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

171. Short and Long Term Effect of Early Infant Feeding and Nutritional Status on the Children's Health

Short and Long Term Effect of Early Infant Feeding and Nutritional Status on the Children's Health Short and Long Term Effect of Early Infant Feeding and Nutritional Status on the Children's Health - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove (...) one or more studies before adding more. Short and Long Term Effect of Early Infant Feeding and Nutritional Status on the Children's Health The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02658500 Recruitment Status : Unknown Verified January 2016 by Beijing Sanyuan Foods Co Ltd. Recruitment status

2016 Clinical Trials

172. Diabetes (type 1 and type 2) in children and young people: diagnosis and management

is a long-term condition that can have a major impact on the life of a child or young person, as well as their family or carers. In addition to insulin therapy, diabetes management should include education, support and access to psychological services, as detailed in this guideline. Preparations should also be made for the transition from paediatric to adult services, which have a somewhat different model of care and evidence base. Type 1 diabetes is becoming more common in the UK, and since 2004 type 2 (...) ) in children and young people: diagnosis and management (NG18) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 6 of 85Safeguarding children Remember that child maltreatment: is common can present anywhere may co-exist with other health problems, including diabetes. See the NICE guideline on child maltreatment for clinical features that may be associated with maltreatment. Medicines The guideline will assume

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

173. Preventing mental health and neurocognitive problems in childhood by targeting nutrition during the perinatal period: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Preventing mental health and neurocognitive problems in childhood by targeting nutrition during the perinatal period: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs

2018 PROSPERO

174. Integrated caregiving and nutrition interventions for improving early child development outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Integrated caregiving and nutrition interventions for improving early child development outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne (...) , a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8

2018 PROSPERO

175. Systematic review of behavioral interventions to increase family support for maternal and child nutrition in low- and lower-middle income countries

Systematic review of behavioral interventions to increase family support for maternal and child nutrition in low- and lower-middle income countries Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs

2018 PROSPERO

176. The effect of early nutrition method on HTLV-1 mother-to-child infection

The effect of early nutrition method on HTLV-1 mother-to-child infection Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing and effect (...) required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses

2018 PROSPERO

177. The effectiveness of food and nutrition education to reduce and prevent childhood obesity in the context of primary health care: a systematic review of controlled trials

The effectiveness of food and nutrition education to reduce and prevent childhood obesity in the context of primary health care: a systematic review of controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (...) be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs

2018 PROSPERO

178. Infant Nutritional Sources

Infant Nutritional Sources Infant Nutritional Sources Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Infant Nutritional Sources (...) Infant Nutritional Sources Aka: Infant Nutritional Sources II. Types: Term Human Breast Milk Calories/Ounce: 18-20 Carbohydrate Source: Lactose (72 g/L) Protein (Casein) Source: Human Milk (1.1 gram/100 cc) Whey to casein ratio: 70:30 : 30 g/L Fat Source: Human Milk Fat (54% fat) Calcium: 400 mg/L Phosphorus: 200 mg/L Renal Solute load: 91 mosm III. Types: Cow's Milk Infant Formula Calories/Ounce: 20 Carbohydrate Source: Lactose (73 g/L) Protein (Casein) Source: Nonfat Cow's Milk Whey to casein ratio

2015 FP Notebook

179. Policy on Social Determinants of Children's Oral Health and Health Disparities

, Sabbah W. Maternal allostatic load, care- taking behaviors, and child dental caries experience: A cross-sectional evaluation of linked mother-child data from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examina- tion Survey. Am J Public Health 2015;105(11):2306-11. 19. Boyce WT. The lifelong effects of early childhood adver- sity and toxic stress. Pediatr Dent 2014;36(2):102-8. 20. Boyce WT, Den Besten PK, Stamperdahl J, et al. Social inequalities in childhood dental caries: The convergent roles of stress (...) study found negative outcomes. 38 These findings suggest that enhancing social capital is beneficial, but that social norms can influence the way in which resources are deployed, which can lead to suboptimal oral health behaviors and poor outcomes. An example of a public health intervention that circum- vents the SDH is the Childsmile Program in Scotland. 39 Child smile distributes free toothbrushes and toothpaste to children in communities during early childhood and to first and second graders

2017 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

180. Pediatric Home Mechanical Ventilation

academic center. Pediatric CriticalCareMedicine.2008;9(1):96–100. 14 R.AMINETAL. 18. DeWittPK,JansenMT,WardSL,etal.Obstaclestodischargeofven- tilator-assisted children from the hospital to home. Chest 1993;1035:1560–1565 19. Edwards EA, Hsiao K, Nixon GM. Paediatric home ventilatory sup- port: the Auckland experience. J Paediatr Child Health. 2005;4112:652–658. 20. Fraser J, Henrichsen T, Mok Q, et al. Prolonged mechanical ventila- tion as a consequence of acute illness. Arch Dis Child. 1998;783:253 (...) Division of Respiratory Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa, Canada; d Division of Respiratory Medicine, Montreal Children’s Hospital, Montreal, Canada; e Division of Paediatric Critical Care, British Columbia Children’s Hospital, Vancouver, Canada; f Division of Paediatric Critical Care, Montreal’s Children’s Hospital, Montreal, Canada; g Division of Complex Continuing Care, Holland Bloorview Kids Rehabilitation Hospital, Toronto, Canada; h Division of Paediatric Respirology

2017 Canadian Thoracic Society

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