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Infant Nutritional Sources

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81. A systematic review of agricultural interventions that aim to improve nutritional status of children

. The systematic review used 23 studies spanning biofortification interventions; home gardens; aquaculture and small fisheries; dairy development; and animal source food promotion. The EPPI-Centre reference number for this report is 1904. This report should be cited as: Masset E, Haddad L, Cornelius A, Isaza-Castro J (2011) A systematic review of agricultural interventions that aim to improve nutritional status of children . London: EPPI-Centre, Social Science Research Unit, Institute of Education, University (...) A systematic review of agricultural interventions that aim to improve nutritional status of children A systematic review of agricultural interventions that aim to improve nutritional status of children 09 April 2019 Links Download report (pdf) A systematic review of agricultural interventions that aim to improve nutritional status of children What do we want to know? What is the impact of agricultural interventions on the nutritional status of children? Who wants to know and why? The results

2012 EPPI Centre

82. Paediatric European Network for Treatment of AIDS (PENTA) guidelines for treatment of paediatric HIV-1 infection 2015: optimizing health in preparation for adult life

Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, UK, 5 Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegan, The Netherlands, 6 University Department of Immunology and Infectious Disease, Bambino Gesù Children’s Hospital, Rome, Italy, 7 Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital Crumlin & University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, 8 Meyer University Hospital, Florence University, Florence, Italy, 9 HIV i-Base, London, UK, 10 Emilio Ribas Institute of Infectious Diseases, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 11 Paediatric (...) , Pediatric Department, Porto Central Hospital, Porto, Portugal, 18 Department of Clinical Microbiology and Virology, University College London Hospitals, London, UK, 19 Centre for Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, HELIOS Hospital Krefeld, Krefeld, Germany, 20 Infectious Diseases Unit, Pediatrics Department, Sant Joan de Déu Hospital, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain, 21 12th of October Hospital, Madrid, Spain, 22 University Children’s Hospital, Basel, Switzerland, 23 Department of Paediatric

2018 The Children's HIV Association

83. Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm

bab olving parents and carers while their preterm baby is on respir y is on respiratory support atory support 1.6.1 Explain to the parents and carers of preterm babies on respiratory support that non-nutritive sucking (using a dummy) during periods when the baby is awake is Specialist neonatal respiratory care for babies born preterm (NG124) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 15 of 53beneficial (...) on developmental follow-up of children and young people born preterm) how to care for their baby at home how to use specialist equipment safely how to travel with their baby and specialist equipment. 1.7.2 When planning to discharge a preterm baby on respiratory support from the neonatal unit: follow the principles in the NICE guideline on postnatal care consider early referral to, and regular contact with, community and continuing healthcare teams consider an interim discharge placement to, for example

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

84. A Vote for School Lunches: School Lunches Provide Superior Nutrient Quality than Lunches Obtained from Other Sources in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Vote for School Lunches: School Lunches Provide Superior Nutrient Quality than Lunches Obtained from Other Sources in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Childhood obesity is an ongoing public health program. As such, a major public health research objective is to identify potential targets for intervention; one such area is school lunches (SL). The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) serves over 31 million children each day; the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (...) (NHANES) is uniquely positioned to allow researchers to assess diet quality in federal nutrition assistance programs. The objective of the study was to investigate whether lunches provided by schools provide different nutritional value than lunches obtained elsewhere. In a nationally representative sample of 2190 children, consumption of a school-provided lunch (SL) was associated with greater nutritional quality compared to lunches obtained elsewhere across both age and income categories. Children

2017 Nutrients

85. Urban–Rural Disparities in Energy Intake and Contribution of Fat and Animal Source Foods in Chinese Children Aged 4–17 Years Full Text available with Trip Pro

Urban–Rural Disparities in Energy Intake and Contribution of Fat and Animal Source Foods in Chinese Children Aged 4–17 Years Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels.Three consecutive 24 h recalls were (...) used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment. Standardized questionnaires were used to collect household demographic and socioeconomic characteristics by trained interviewers.The 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey is part of an ongoing longitudinal household survey across 228 communities in nine provinces and three mega-cities in China. Subjects consisted of children aged 4-17 years (n = 1866; 968 boys and 898 girls).The estimated average

2017 Nutrients

86. Intakes and sources of total and added sugars among 4 to 13‐year‐old children in China, Mexico and the United States Full Text available with Trip Pro

and the United States. The secondary aim was to identify main sources of total and added sugars in the diets of these children.Secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey, 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey, and 2009-2012 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Total and added sugar intakes were calculated using the US Food Patterns Equivalents Database.Mean intakes of total and added sugars were 26 and 9 g d-1 among Chinese children, 92 (...) and 55 g d-1 among Mexican children, and 124 and 76 g d-1 among US children, respectively. The top food sources of total sugars were fruits among Chinese children, and sugar-sweetened beverages and milk-based beverages among Mexican and US children.These data highlight the heterogeneity of food patterns worldwide and the need for adapted country-specific public health recommendations on sugars.© 2017 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of World Obesity

2017 Pediatric obesity

87. Linking agriculture and nutrition education to improve infant and young child feeding: Lessons for future programmes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Linking agriculture and nutrition education to improve infant and young child feeding: Lessons for future programmes. Agriculture and food systems play a central role in nutrition by supplying nutritious, healthy and affordable foods. When integrated with nutrition education for behaviour change, agricultural interventions that supply diverse affordable foods from all food groups have great scope for improving young child and family diets. In 2014, process reviews were conducted in Cambodia (...) and Malawi of food security projects that provided agricultural support and community-based nutrition education on improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF). In both countries, household visits were carried out with mothers/caregivers, and interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were conducted with purposively selected project stakeholders (53 in Cambodia, 170 in Malawi), including government staff from the agriculture and health sectors. Results highlight that adoption of improved IYCF

2017 Maternal & child nutrition

88. Agricultural and nutritional educational interventions for reducing aflatoxin exposure to improve infant and child growth in low- and middle-income countries [Cochrane protocol]

Agricultural and nutritional educational interventions for reducing aflatoxin exposure to improve infant and child growth in low- and middle-income countries [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per

2019 PROSPERO

89. Interrelations of parental attitudes and perceptions towards childhood obesity in Mexican families with the nutrition transition in Mexican children aged 1-12 years. A systematic review

Interrelations of parental attitudes and perceptions towards childhood obesity in Mexican families with the nutrition transition in Mexican children aged 1-12 years. A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per

2019 PROSPERO

90. The effectiveness of nutrition social behaviour change communication in improving child nutritional status within the first 1000 days: a systematic review

The effectiveness of nutrition social behaviour change communication in improving child nutritional status within the first 1000 days: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs

2019 PROSPERO

91. Strengthening nutrition services within integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illnesses in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Evidence to guide implementation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Strengthening nutrition services within integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illnesses in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Evidence to guide implementation. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, 43% of children under 5 years of age suffer from stunting, and the majority (60%) of children, 6-59 months of age, are anaemic. Malaria, acute respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases are common among children less than 5 years of age, with 31% of children 6-59 months affected (...) by malaria. This qualitative implementation science study aimed to identify gaps and opportunities available to strengthen service delivery of nutrition within integrated community case management (iCCM) at the health facility and community level in Tshopo Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, through the following objectives: (a) examine cultural beliefs and perceptions of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and child illness, (b) explore the perspectives and knowledge of facility-based

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

92. Health Effects for Infants and Young Children Associated with Breastfeeding: A Rapid Review

of parents making informed decisions about how to feed their infants and young children. A foundation of health within the public health Nurturing the Next Generation strategic priority is infant and child nutrition which identified that infants need to be breastfed as much as possible for as long as possible. The Region of Peel - Public Health achieved Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) designation in 2009 as did Trillium Health Partners in 2017. Brampton Civic Hospital is working towards designation (...) The PROBIT study was conducted in the Republic of Belarus by Dr. Michael Kramer and colleagues. Hospitals were randomized to follow the 10 steps of the BFI or to usual care. Health outcomes of children born in 1996/1997 were analyzed by hospital group. 12 In this strong quality meta-analysis (rated 9/10), the authors examined the association between duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding for infants born at term and the risk of acute otitis media (AOM) in infancy and childhood. The 24 observational

2019 Peel Health Library

93. Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Caregiver involvement in interventions for improving children's dietary intake and physical activity behaviors. Poor diet and insufficient physical activity are major risk factors for non-communicable diseases. Developing healthy diet and physical activity behaviors early in life is important as these behaviors track between childhood and adulthood. Parents and other adult caregivers have important influences on children's health behaviors, but whether their involvement in children's nutrition (...) , with children aged 2 to 18 years as active participants and at least one component involving caregivers versus the same interventions but without the caregiver component(s). We excluded interventions meant as treatment or targeting children with pre-existing conditions, as well as caregiver-child units residing in orphanages and school hostel environments.We used standard methodological procedures outlined by Cochrane.We included 23 trials with approximately 12,192 children in eligible intervention arms

2020 Cochrane

94. Hypertension Canada’s 2020 comprehensive guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, risk assessment, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children

Hypertension Canada’s 2020 comprehensive guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, risk assessment, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children Guidelines Hypertension Canada’s 2020 Evidence Review and Guidelines for the Management of Resistant Hypertension SwapnilHiremath,MD,MPH, a RuthSapir-Pichhadze,MD,MSc,PhD, b MerandaNakhla,MD,MSc, c JonathanY.Gabor,MD,MSc, d NadiaA.Khan,MD,MSc, e LauraM.Kuyper,MD, e MarcelRuzicka,MD,PhD, a SheldonW.Tobe,MD,MScH, f KarenTran,MD, e DoreenM.Rabi,MD (...) 25, 2019. After the discussions, the guidelines were further revised and ?nalized for anelectronic vote by all 81 members of the HCGC, with > 70% support required for approval of each new guideline. Guidelines for the diagnosis, assessment, prevention, and treatment of hyper- tension in adults and children are published separately. 10 Key Messages Resistant hypertension (RHT) is de?ned as blood pressure (BP) above target despite 3 or more BP- lowering drugs at optimal doses preferably including

2020 CPG Infobase

95. Best Practices on Periodicity of Examination, Preventive Dental Services, Anticipatory Guidance/Counseling, and Oral Treatment for Infants, Children, and Adolescents

. Harris R, Nicoll AD, Adair PM, Pine CM. Risk factors for dental caries in young children: A systematic review of the literature. Community Dent Health 2004;21 (suppl):71-85. Ramos-Gomez FJ. A model for community-based pediatric oral health: implementation of an infant oral care program. Int J Dent 2014;2014:156821. Southward LH, Robertson A, Edelstein BL. Oral health of young children in Mississippi Delta child care centers. A second look at early childhood caries risk assessment. J Public Health (...) BP, et al. Quality of care and use of the medical home in a state-funded capitated primary care plan for low-income children. Pediatrics 2000;105(5):1020-8. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Policy on early childhood caries (ECC): Classifications, consequences, and preventive strategies. Pediatr Dent 2018;40(6):60-2. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Caries risk assessment and management for infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2018;40(6):205-12. American Academy

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

96. Nutritional interventions update: multiple micronutrient supplements during pregnancy

Nutritional interventions update: multiple micronutrient supplements during pregnancy For more information, please contact: Department of Reproductive Health and Research World Health Organization 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland Fax: +41 22 791 4171 Email: reproductivehealth@who.int Website: www.who.int/reproductivehealth Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health World Health Organization 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland T el. +41 22 791 3281 Fax: +41 (...) of the guideline 27 Annex 2. Summary of declarations of interest from the Guideline Development Group (GDG) members and how they were managed 30 Annex 3. Multiple micronutrient supplements: GRADE tables and forest plots 32v Acknowledgements Acknowledgements The Departments of Sexual and Reproductive Health and Research (SRH), Nutrition and Food Safety (NFS), and Maternal, Newborn, Child, Adolescent Health and Ageing (MCA) of the World Health Organization (WHO) gratefully acknowledge the contributions that many

2020 World Health Organisation Guidelines

97. Nutritional interventions update: vitamin D supplements during pregnancy

Nutritional interventions update: vitamin D supplements during pregnancy For more information, please contact: Department of Reproductive Health and Research World Health Organization 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland Fax: +41 22 791 4171 Email: reproductivehealth@who.int Website: www.who.int/reproductivehealth Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health World Health Organization 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland T el. +41 22 791 3281 Fax: +41 22 791 4853 (...) gestational diabetes mellitus GRADE Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation GRADE-CERQual Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative Research GSG Guideline Steering Group HIC high-income country ICM International Confederation of Midwives IFA iron and folic acid LMIC low- and middle-income country MCA Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health and Ageing NFS Nutrition and Food Safety PICO population, intervention, comparator, outcome PPH postpartum haemorrhage QES

2020 World Health Organisation Guidelines

98. KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in CKD

? Guideline on Nutrition in CKD Page 18 Table 2. Evidence Review Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria Assessment Research Questions Inclusion Exclusion Age Adults (age 18 and older) Young adults =18 years of age, infants, children and adolescents. Setting Clinical or outpatient Other than clinical or outpatient Health Status CKD of any stage, nephrotic syndrome, maintenance hemodialysis chronic peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation with different CKD stages, with or without dyslipidemia and diabetes (...) Research Questions Inclusion Exclusion Age Adults (age 18 and older) Young adults =18 years of age, infants, children and adolescents. Setting Clinical or outpatient Other than clinical or outpatient Health Status CKD of any stage, nephrotic syndrome, maintenance hemodialysis chronic peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation with different CKD stages, with or without dyslipidemia and diabetes; kidney transplant recipients Cancer or any other terminal condition or serious condition Nutrition

2020 National Kidney Foundation

99. A systematic review to examine the current available research into the relationship between infant feeding methods, non-nutritive sucking behaviours and speech sound development in young children

A systematic review to examine the current available research into the relationship between infant feeding methods, non-nutritive sucking behaviours and speech sound development in young children Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) . They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified

2018 PROSPERO

100. Effectiveness of interventions to manage acute malnutrition in children under five years of age in low- and middle-income countries Full Text available with Trip Pro

implementation of nutrition‐sensitive as well as nutrition‐specific interventions (Ruel, Alderman, & Maternal Child Nutrition Study Group, ). 2.2 Description of the intervention The existing WHO guidelines for the management malnutrition among children suggests the following (WHO, ): 1. Early identification of children with SAM in the community through active community screening by trained community health workers (CHWs) and community members. CHWs should measure the MUAC of infants and children under 5 (...) the greatest burden of malnutrition with more than half of all stunted children and two‐third of all wasted children under 5 years of age living in Asia and over one‐third stunted children and a quarter of wasted children living in Africa (UNICEF, ). Childhood malnutrition is a major public health concern since it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (WHO, ). The consequences of malnutrition among infants and children can be short‐term like morbidity, mortality and disability or long‐term

2020 Campbell Collaboration

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