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Infant Nutritional Sources

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61. Linking agriculture and nutrition education to improve infant and young child feeding: Lessons for future programmes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Linking agriculture and nutrition education to improve infant and young child feeding: Lessons for future programmes. Agriculture and food systems play a central role in nutrition by supplying nutritious, healthy and affordable foods. When integrated with nutrition education for behaviour change, agricultural interventions that supply diverse affordable foods from all food groups have great scope for improving young child and family diets. In 2014, process reviews were conducted in Cambodia (...) and Malawi of food security projects that provided agricultural support and community-based nutrition education on improved infant and young child feeding (IYCF). In both countries, household visits were carried out with mothers/caregivers, and interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) were conducted with purposively selected project stakeholders (53 in Cambodia, 170 in Malawi), including government staff from the agriculture and health sectors. Results highlight that adoption of improved IYCF

2017 Maternal & child nutrition

62. Interrelations of parental attitudes and perceptions towards childhood obesity in Mexican families with the nutrition transition in Mexican children aged 1-12 years. A systematic review

Interrelations of parental attitudes and perceptions towards childhood obesity in Mexican families with the nutrition transition in Mexican children aged 1-12 years. A systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per

2019 PROSPERO

63. Agricultural and nutritional educational interventions for reducing aflatoxin exposure to improve infant and child growth in low- and middle-income countries [Cochrane protocol]

Agricultural and nutritional educational interventions for reducing aflatoxin exposure to improve infant and child growth in low- and middle-income countries [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per

2019 PROSPERO

64. A Vote for School Lunches: School Lunches Provide Superior Nutrient Quality than Lunches Obtained from Other Sources in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Vote for School Lunches: School Lunches Provide Superior Nutrient Quality than Lunches Obtained from Other Sources in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Childhood obesity is an ongoing public health program. As such, a major public health research objective is to identify potential targets for intervention; one such area is school lunches (SL). The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) serves over 31 million children each day; the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (...) (NHANES) is uniquely positioned to allow researchers to assess diet quality in federal nutrition assistance programs. The objective of the study was to investigate whether lunches provided by schools provide different nutritional value than lunches obtained elsewhere. In a nationally representative sample of 2190 children, consumption of a school-provided lunch (SL) was associated with greater nutritional quality compared to lunches obtained elsewhere across both age and income categories. Children

2017 Nutrients

65. Urban–Rural Disparities in Energy Intake and Contribution of Fat and Animal Source Foods in Chinese Children Aged 4–17 Years Full Text available with Trip Pro

Urban–Rural Disparities in Energy Intake and Contribution of Fat and Animal Source Foods in Chinese Children Aged 4–17 Years Excessive energy intake and poor food choices are major health concerns associated with overweight and obesity risk. This study aims to explore disparities in energy intake and the contributions from fat and animal source foods among Chinese school-aged children and adolescents in different communities based on urbanization levels.Three consecutive 24 h recalls were (...) used to assess dietary intake. Subjects' height and weight were measured using standard equipment. Standardized questionnaires were used to collect household demographic and socioeconomic characteristics by trained interviewers.The 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey is part of an ongoing longitudinal household survey across 228 communities in nine provinces and three mega-cities in China. Subjects consisted of children aged 4-17 years (n = 1866; 968 boys and 898 girls).The estimated average

2017 Nutrients

66. Intakes and sources of total and added sugars among 4 to 13‐year‐old children in China, Mexico and the United States Full Text available with Trip Pro

and the United States. The secondary aim was to identify main sources of total and added sugars in the diets of these children.Secondary data analysis was conducted using the 2011 China Health and Nutrition Survey, 2012 Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey, and 2009-2012 US National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Total and added sugar intakes were calculated using the US Food Patterns Equivalents Database.Mean intakes of total and added sugars were 26 and 9 g d-1 among Chinese children, 92 (...) and 55 g d-1 among Mexican children, and 124 and 76 g d-1 among US children, respectively. The top food sources of total sugars were fruits among Chinese children, and sugar-sweetened beverages and milk-based beverages among Mexican and US children.These data highlight the heterogeneity of food patterns worldwide and the need for adapted country-specific public health recommendations on sugars.© 2017 The Authors. Pediatric Obesity published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of World Obesity

2017 Pediatric obesity

67. The effectiveness of nutrition social behaviour change communication in improving child nutritional status within the first 1000 days: a systematic review

The effectiveness of nutrition social behaviour change communication in improving child nutritional status within the first 1000 days: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs

2019 PROSPERO

68. Strengthening nutrition services within integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illnesses in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Evidence to guide implementation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Strengthening nutrition services within integrated community case management (iCCM) of childhood illnesses in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Evidence to guide implementation. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, 43% of children under 5 years of age suffer from stunting, and the majority (60%) of children, 6-59 months of age, are anaemic. Malaria, acute respiratory infections, and diarrheal diseases are common among children less than 5 years of age, with 31% of children 6-59 months affected (...) by malaria. This qualitative implementation science study aimed to identify gaps and opportunities available to strengthen service delivery of nutrition within integrated community case management (iCCM) at the health facility and community level in Tshopo Province, Democratic Republic of Congo, through the following objectives: (a) examine cultural beliefs and perceptions of infant and young child feeding (IYCF) and child illness, (b) explore the perspectives and knowledge of facility-based

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

69. Health Effects for Infants and Young Children Associated with Breastfeeding: A Rapid Review

of parents making informed decisions about how to feed their infants and young children. A foundation of health within the public health Nurturing the Next Generation strategic priority is infant and child nutrition which identified that infants need to be breastfed as much as possible for as long as possible. The Region of Peel - Public Health achieved Baby-Friendly Initiative (BFI) designation in 2009 as did Trillium Health Partners in 2017. Brampton Civic Hospital is working towards designation (...) The PROBIT study was conducted in the Republic of Belarus by Dr. Michael Kramer and colleagues. Hospitals were randomized to follow the 10 steps of the BFI or to usual care. Health outcomes of children born in 1996/1997 were analyzed by hospital group. 12 In this strong quality meta-analysis (rated 9/10), the authors examined the association between duration and exclusivity of breastfeeding for infants born at term and the risk of acute otitis media (AOM) in infancy and childhood. The 24 observational

2019 Peel Health Library

70. Hypertension Canada’s 2020 comprehensive guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, risk assessment, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children

Hypertension Canada’s 2020 comprehensive guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, risk assessment, and treatment of hypertension in adults and children Guidelines Hypertension Canada’s 2020 Evidence Review and Guidelines for the Management of Resistant Hypertension SwapnilHiremath,MD,MPH, a RuthSapir-Pichhadze,MD,MSc,PhD, b MerandaNakhla,MD,MSc, c JonathanY.Gabor,MD,MSc, d NadiaA.Khan,MD,MSc, e LauraM.Kuyper,MD, e MarcelRuzicka,MD,PhD, a SheldonW.Tobe,MD,MScH, f KarenTran,MD, e DoreenM.Rabi,MD (...) 25, 2019. After the discussions, the guidelines were further revised and ?nalized for anelectronic vote by all 81 members of the HCGC, with > 70% support required for approval of each new guideline. Guidelines for the diagnosis, assessment, prevention, and treatment of hyper- tension in adults and children are published separately. 10 Key Messages Resistant hypertension (RHT) is de?ned as blood pressure (BP) above target despite 3 or more BP- lowering drugs at optimal doses preferably including

2020 CPG Infobase

71. Best Practices on Periodicity of Examination, Preventive Dental Services, Anticipatory Guidance/Counseling, and Oral Treatment for Infants, Children, and Adolescents

. Harris R, Nicoll AD, Adair PM, Pine CM. Risk factors for dental caries in young children: A systematic review of the literature. Community Dent Health 2004;21 (suppl):71-85. Ramos-Gomez FJ. A model for community-based pediatric oral health: implementation of an infant oral care program. Int J Dent 2014;2014:156821. Southward LH, Robertson A, Edelstein BL. Oral health of young children in Mississippi Delta child care centers. A second look at early childhood caries risk assessment. J Public Health (...) BP, et al. Quality of care and use of the medical home in a state-funded capitated primary care plan for low-income children. Pediatrics 2000;105(5):1020-8. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Policy on early childhood caries (ECC): Classifications, consequences, and preventive strategies. Pediatr Dent 2018;40(6):60-2. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. Caries risk assessment and management for infants, children, and adolescents. Pediatr Dent 2018;40(6):205-12. American Academy

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

72. KDOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines for Nutrition in CKD

? Guideline on Nutrition in CKD Page 18 Table 2. Evidence Review Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria Assessment Research Questions Inclusion Exclusion Age Adults (age 18 and older) Young adults =18 years of age, infants, children and adolescents. Setting Clinical or outpatient Other than clinical or outpatient Health Status CKD of any stage, nephrotic syndrome, maintenance hemodialysis chronic peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation with different CKD stages, with or without dyslipidemia and diabetes (...) Research Questions Inclusion Exclusion Age Adults (age 18 and older) Young adults =18 years of age, infants, children and adolescents. Setting Clinical or outpatient Other than clinical or outpatient Health Status CKD of any stage, nephrotic syndrome, maintenance hemodialysis chronic peritoneal dialysis, and kidney transplantation with different CKD stages, with or without dyslipidemia and diabetes; kidney transplant recipients Cancer or any other terminal condition or serious condition Nutrition

2020 National Kidney Foundation

73. A systematic review to examine the current available research into the relationship between infant feeding methods, non-nutritive sucking behaviours and speech sound development in young children

A systematic review to examine the current available research into the relationship between infant feeding methods, non-nutritive sucking behaviours and speech sound development in young children Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) . They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified

2018 PROSPERO

74. Use of Enteral Nutrition for the Control of Intestinal Inflammation in Pediatric Crohn Disease

therapy in children with CD, followed in 2010 by similar conclusions by the Inflam- matory Bowel Disease (IBD) Working Group of the British Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (10). Despite the evidence, nutritional therapy has not been uni- versally adopted. Levine et al (11) reported that 62% of European pediatric gastroenterologists regularly used EEN compared with 4% of their North American colleagues. Furthermore, treatment pro- tocols used for induction of remission (...) from the Received June 15, 2011; accepted September 1, 2011. From the Division of Gastroenterology, Janeway Children’s Health Center, Memorial University, St John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, the y Department of Paediatrics, University of Otago, Christ- church, NZ, the z Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, IWK Health Centre and Dalhousie University, the § Pediatric Gastroenterology, IWK Health Centre, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, the jj Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology

2012 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

75. Clinical Guidelines for the Use of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Adult and Pediatric Patients: Applying the GRADE System to Development of ASPEN Clinical Guidelines

Clinical Guidelines for the Use of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Adult and Pediatric Patients: Applying the GRADE System to Development of ASPEN Clinical Guidelines 77 Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Volume 36 Number 1 January 2012 77-80 © 2012 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition 10.1177/0148607111420157 http://jpen.sagepub.com hosted at http://online.sagepub.com Introduction As an interdisciplinary organization dedicated to advanc- ing the science (...) and practice of nutrition support therapy, the American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.) works vigorously to support quality patient care, education, and research in the fields of nutrition and metabolic support in all healthcare settings. To pro- mote safe and effective patient care by nutrition support practitioners, the A.S.P.E.N. Board of Directors pub- lished “Guidelines for the Use of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition in Adult and Pediatric Patients” in 1993 1 and 2002. 2

2012 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

76. Financial education for HIV?vulnerable youth, orphans, and vulnerable children: A systematic review of outcome evidence Full Text available with Trip Pro

(AFI), 3ie, MEDA, MasterCard Foundation, United Nations Capital Development Foundation‐YouthStart, World Health Organization, Microfinance Opportunities, Women's World Banking, International Labor Organization, Freedom from Hunger, Save the children—Youthsave, FHI 360, Population Council, Microsave, Child and Youth Finance International, International Gateway for Financial Education (OECD), Google Scholar, UNDP, World Bank, Sultan Qabus University of Oman, Jordanian Public University Library, King (...) evidence that savings account access and financial education complement one another. An intervention in Ghana compared financial education and savings with plural education (combined with personal awareness and child rights education) and savings (Berry et al., ). Both led to a positive effect on savings after 9 months mainly due to a change in location (from home to school) rather than an increase. Children were also more likely to work than have leisure with financial education but no negative effect

2020 Campbell Collaboration

77. Effectiveness of interventions to manage acute malnutrition in children under five years of age in low- and middle-income countries Full Text available with Trip Pro

implementation of nutrition‐sensitive as well as nutrition‐specific interventions (Ruel, Alderman, & Maternal Child Nutrition Study Group, ). 2.2 Description of the intervention The existing WHO guidelines for the management malnutrition among children suggests the following (WHO, ): 1. Early identification of children with SAM in the community through active community screening by trained community health workers (CHWs) and community members. CHWs should measure the MUAC of infants and children under 5 (...) the greatest burden of malnutrition with more than half of all stunted children and two‐third of all wasted children under 5 years of age living in Asia and over one‐third stunted children and a quarter of wasted children living in Africa (UNICEF, ). Childhood malnutrition is a major public health concern since it is associated with significant morbidity and mortality (WHO, ). The consequences of malnutrition among infants and children can be short‐term like morbidity, mortality and disability or long‐term

2020 Campbell Collaboration

78. Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Infants and Children With Cardiac Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Infants and Children With Cardiac Disease Circulation. 2018;137:e691–e782. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000524 May 29, 2018 e691 ABSTRACT: Cardiac arrest occurs at a higher rate in children with heart disease than in healthy children. Pediatric basic life support and advanced life support guidelines focus on delivering high- quality resuscitation in children with normal hearts. The complexity and variability in pediatric heart disease pose unique challenges during (...) , 2019Marino et al CPR in Infants and Children With Cardiac Disease May 29, 2018 Circulation. 2018;137:e691–e782. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000524 e692 CLINICAL STATEMENTS AND GUIDELINES T he American Heart Association (AHA) has pub- lished guidelines for pediatric basic life support since 1980 1 and for pediatric advanced life sup- port (PALS) since 1986. 2 These guidelines have been based on research involving both animals and infants, children, and adult human subjects and provide rec- ommendations

2018 American Heart Association

79. Breastfeeding - Promoting and Supporting the Initiation, Exclusivity, and Continuation of Breastfeeding in Newborns, Infants and Young Children

for infants and continued breastfeeding to two years or longer for young children to achieve healthy childhood development (3). More details on the WHO Global Nutrition Targets 2025 Breastfeeding Policy Brief, to increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding in the first six months up to a minimum of 50 percent can be found at http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/149022/1/WHO_NMH_NHD_14.7_eng.pdf?ua=1. The WHO’s Global Nutrition Targets 2025 Breastfeeding Goals are described in Figure 1 (...) ) or indirectly (as EBM). Source: Adapted by the RNAO expert panel from: World Health Organization. Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices: conclusions of a consensus meeting held 6-8 November in Washington DC, USA, 2008. Geneva (CH): World Health Organization; 2008. 15 BEST PRACTICE GUIDELINES • www.RNAO.ca BACKGROUND Breastfeeding - Promoting and Supporting the Initiation, Exclusivity, and Continuation of Breastfeeding for Newborns, Infants, and Y oung Children Infant: refers

2018 Registered Nurses' Association of Ontario

80. Content analysis of nutritional information in paediatric oral health education leaflets. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Content analysis of nutritional information in paediatric oral health education leaflets. The aim of this study was to determine if paediatric oral health education leaflets with a food and nutritional focus provide messages that are clear and consistent with the current Australian Dietary Guidelines and the Infant Feeding Guidelines.Forty-three leaflets aimed at parents were sourced from Australian state and territory Health Departments, oral health industry partners and commercial (...) organisations, and a content analysis was performed. Recommendations on food and drink type, consumption frequency and general diet and nutrition advice were considered and cross-referenced with the Australian Dietary Guidelines and the Infant Feeding Guidelines to identify areas of consistency and discrepancy.Twenty leaflets recommended reducing the consumption of sugary and/or acidic food, while 23 leaflets recommended reducing the consumption of sugary and/or acidic drinks. The majority of the leaflets

2017 BMC Pediatrics

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