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Infant Nutritional Sources

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41. European Society Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Guidelines for Diagnosing Coeliac Disease 2019. Full Text available with Trip Pro

European Society Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Guidelines for Diagnosing Coeliac Disease 2019. The ESPGHAN 2012 coeliac disease (CD) diagnostic guidelines aimed to guide physicians in accurately diagnosing CD and permit omission of duodenal biopsies in selected cases. Here, an updated and expanded evidence-based guideline is presented.Literature databases and other sources of information were searched for studies that could inform on ten formulated questions on symptoms (...) is low/undetectable an IgG based test is indicated. Patients with positive results should be referred to a paediatric gastroenterologist/specialist. If TGA-IgA is ≥10 times the upper limit of normal (10xULN) and the family agrees, the no-biopsy diagnosis may be applied, provided endomysial antibodies (EMA-IgA) will test positive in a second blood sample. HLA DQ2-/DQ8 determination and symptoms are not obligatory criteria. In children with positive TGA-IgA <10xULN at least 4 biopsies from the distal

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

42. Maternal behavioral determinants and livestock ownership are associated with animal source food consumption among young children during fasting in rural Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Cow ownership was directly and indirectly associated with ASF consumption, whereas having chickens was indirectly associated with consumption via the availability pathway. Our findings corroborate the importance of maternal behavioural determinants related to feeding ASFs to children during fasting on ASF consumption via household availability and the positive influence of livestock ownership.© 2018 The Authors. Maternal and Child Nutrition Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (...) Maternal behavioral determinants and livestock ownership are associated with animal source food consumption among young children during fasting in rural Ethiopia. Religious fasting often involves abstention from animal source foods (ASFs). Although children are exempt, their diets are influenced by the widespread fasting practices. This study investigated the factors influencing ASF consumption among young children during the Lent fasting period in western Amhara, Ethiopia. We used baseline

2018 Maternal & child nutrition

43. A reverse metabolic approach to weaning: in silico identification of immune-beneficial infant gut bacteria, mining their metabolism for prebiotic feeds and sourcing these feeds in the natural product space Full Text available with Trip Pro

A reverse metabolic approach to weaning: in silico identification of immune-beneficial infant gut bacteria, mining their metabolism for prebiotic feeds and sourcing these feeds in the natural product space Weaning is a period of marked physiological change. The introduction of solid foods and the changes in milk consumption are accompanied by significant gastrointestinal, immune, developmental, and microbial adaptations. Defining a reduced number of infections as the desired health benefit (...) health-beneficial microbes by weaning food; analyzed competition and synergy for (prebiotic) nutrients between selected microbes; and translated this information into designing an experimental complementary feed for infants enrolled in a pilot clinical trial ( http://www.nourishtoflourish.auckland.ac.nz/ ).In this study, we applied a benefit-oriented microbiome research strategy for enhanced early-life immune health. We extended from "classical" to molecular nutrition aiming to identify nutrients

2018 Microbiome

44. Dietary intake of energy-dense, nutrient-poor and nutrient-dense food sources in children with cystic fibrosis. (Abstract)

Dietary intake of energy-dense, nutrient-poor and nutrient-dense food sources in children with cystic fibrosis. Prescription of a high-energy, high-fat diet is a mainstay of nutrition management in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, families may be relying on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods rather than nutrient-dense (ND) foods to meet dietary targets. We aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of EDNP and ND foods to the usual diets of children with CF and identify sociodemographic (...) factors associated with higher EDNP intakes.This is a cross-sectional comparison of children with CF aged 2-18 years and age- and gender-matched controls. Dietary intake was assessed using the Australian Child and Adolescent Eating Survey (ACAES) food frequency questionnaire.Children with CF (n = 80: 37 males; mean age 9.3 years) consumed significantly more EDNP foods than controls (mean age 9.8 years) in terms of both total energy (median [IQR]: 1301 kcal/day (843-1860) vs. 686 kcal/day (480-1032

2018 Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

45. Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars High intake of added sugars is associated with excess energy intake and poorer diet quality. The objective of this cross-sectional study (n = 16,806) was to estimate usual intakes and the primary food sources of added sugars across the range of intakes (i.e., deciles) among U.S. children (2-8 years), adolescents and teens (9-18 years), and adults (≥19 years) using the National Health (...) and Nutrition Examination (NHANES) data from 2009-2012. The percent energy contributed by added sugars was 14.3 ± 0.2% (2-8 years), 16.2 ± 0.2% (9-18 years), and 13.1 ± 0.2% (≥19 years), suggesting the highest intakes are among adolescents and teens. However, the primary foods/beverages that contribute to added sugars were remarkably consistent across the range of intakes, with the exception of the lowest decile, and include sweetened beverages and sweet bakery products. Interestingly across all age groups

2018 Nutrients

46. Food Sources of Energy and Macronutrient Intakes among Infants from 6 to 12 Months of Age: The Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Macronutrient Intakes among Infants from 6 to 12 Months of Age: The Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) Study Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries (...) collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology. Energy intakes per day (kcal; mean (standard deviation, SD)) of these infants were 640 (158) at 6 months, 675 (173) at 9 months, and 761 (208) at 12 months. Infant formula, breastmilk and infant cereals were the top three food sources of energy and macronutrient intakes in infants through

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

47. Challenges in missing grandmothers from infant and young child feeding and nutrition counselling: Systematic review using thematic analysis

Challenges in missing grandmothers from infant and young child feeding and nutrition counselling: Systematic review using thematic analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration (...) and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species

2020 PROSPERO

48. Psychosocial Issues in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Report of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

psychiatric disorders in pediatric in?ammatory bowel disease and cystic ?brosis. Child Psy- chiatry Hum Dev 1994;25:45–52. 79. Engstrom I. Parental distress and social interaction in families with children with in?ammatory bowel disease. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1991;30:904–12. 80. Speechley KN, Noh S. Surviving childhood cancer, social support, and parents’ psychological adjustment. J Pediatr Psychol 1992;17:15– 31. 81. Hoekstra-Weebers JE, Jaspers JP, Kamps WA, et al. Psychological adaptation (...) and social support, degree of disruption of the child’s usual activities, and degree of stress, both early life and ongoing life stressors, may influence how children will react to having IBD. It is imperative for pediatric providers to pay attention to such psychosocial factors in evaluating how a child is coping with IBD. The purpose of this clinical report is to review research in several areas of psychosocial functioning relevant to pediatric IBD and to provide recommendations for care providers

2013 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

49. GORD in children: Scenario: Management of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in children

(it resolves in 90% of affected infants before they are 1 year of age). Does not usually require further investigation or treatment. Provide sources of additional information. An article on is available on the NHS website ( ). Review the infant or child if: Regurgitation becomes persistently projectile — admission is required. There is bile-stained (green or yellow-green) vomiting or haematemesis (blood in vomit) — admission is required. There are new concerns, such as signs of marked distress, feeding (...) of the literature review concluded that by providing reassurance, complete and updated parental education, and nutritional advice, healthcare professionals can optimize the management of these disorders and reduce the inappropriate use of medications or dietary interventions. How should I manage a child with suspected gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in primary care? Provided there are no features requiring early : For breastfed infants with frequent regurgitation and marked distress: If symptoms persist

2020 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

50. Effects of two different lipid emulsions on antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and parenteral nutrition- related cholestasis in premature babies, a randomized-controlled study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of two different lipid emulsions on antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and parenteral nutrition- related cholestasis in premature babies, a randomized-controlled study. Olive oil-soybean oil (OO/SO) based lipid emulsions (LE) lack ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid -EPA and docosahexaenoic acid- DHA, which have clinical benefits on inflammatory processes. Fish oil based LEs are good sources of DHA and EPA. Fish oil, MCT, Olive oil and Soya oil (FMOS) lipid is one of the fish oil (...) substances (TBARS) levels in the first day of life, 7th day of lipid use and 28th day of life were measured and cholestasis during parenteral nutrition was recorded.34 and 33 patients were in FMOS and OO/SO lipid groups respectively. Although the TBARS levels were higher in the first day of life and 7th day of LEs in OO/SO lipid group (p=0.014 and p=0.022), on the 28th day of life TBARS level was similar and SOD level was higher (p=0.014) in OO/SO group. Cholestasis was significantly lower in FMOS lipid

2018 Pediatrics and neonatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

51. Evaluation of the efficacy, safety and acceptability of a fish protein isolate in the nutrition of children under 36 months of age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of the efficacy, safety and acceptability of a fish protein isolate in the nutrition of children under 36 months of age. To determine the effect of a fish protein isolate (FPi), administered over 6 months, on the growth of children aged 6-36 months, measured by Z-scores of height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ), compared with the standard meal without FPi; and to determine the safety and acceptability of FPi daily consumption.Cluster-randomized community-based controlled (...) trial. For 6 months, the centres received either FPi replacing 50 % of total proteins in the diet or standard protein. HAZ and WHZ were used to determine the effect on growth. Acceptability was determined by daily consumption, measured by weighing the servings before and after consumption.Day care centres and community nutritional centres in northern Lima, Peru.Children (n 441) aged 6-36 months.Four centres were randomized to the intervention with FPi, five centres were randomized to the standard

2018 Public health nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

52. Nutrition for Preterm Infants: 75 Years of History Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nutrition for Preterm Infants: 75 Years of History As technology has advanced, survival rates of preterm infants have improved dramatically. Human milk was the primary source of enteral nutrition during the early days of neonatology, but the HIV/AIDS epidemic resulted in an increased use of preterm formula. More recently, the benefits of human milk were rediscovered, resulting in increased use of donor human milk as well. The awareness that human milk does not contain the amounts of nutrients (...) to meet the high requirements of infants born premature resulted in the development of human milk fortifiers. The development of these fortifiers is still ongoing, as are alternative methods of pasteurization of donor milk. Those initiatives will increase the use of human milk with consequently short- and long-term benefits for preterm infants.© 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2018 Annals of nutrition & metabolism

53. Dietary intake of fat and fatty acids by 1–5-year-old children in Korea: a cross-sectional study based on data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dietary intake of fat and fatty acids by 1–5-year-old children in Korea: a cross-sectional study based on data from the sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey We examined dietary fat intake and the major food sources by young children in Korea.A total of 1,041 children aged 1-5 years were identified from the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data on total fat and fatty acid intake were obtained by a single 24-h dietary recall. Food sources (...) were identified based on the amounts of total fat and fatty acids consumption according to each food. Fat and fatty acid intakes and their food sources were presented by age group (1-2-y, n = 401; 3-5-y, n = 640). Fat and fatty acid intakes were also evaluated according to socioeconomic characteristics.The mean intake of fat was 27.1 ± 0.8 g in the 1-2-y group and 35.5 ± 0.7 g in the 3-5-y group, and about 23% of the total energy was obtained from fat in both age groups. The mean intake

2018 Nutrition research and practice

54. ‘Because the baby asks for it’: a mixed-methods study on local perceptions toward nutrition during pregnancy among marginalised migrant women along the Myanmar–Thailand border Full Text available with Trip Pro

‘Because the baby asks for it’: a mixed-methods study on local perceptions toward nutrition during pregnancy among marginalised migrant women along the Myanmar–Thailand border Under- and over-nutrition during pregnancy are known risk factors for pregnancy complications and adverse pregnancy and infant outcomes. Understanding perceptions around nutrition in pregnancy can create culturally appropriate interventions for improved health outcomes.A mixed-methods study was performed to explore (...) pregnancy; barriers to a healthy diet; and sources of diet information.There is limited awareness about healthy diets and lifestyle in these marginalised, migrant communities along the Myanmar-Thailand border. This study suggests that simple, culturally appropriate messaging should be provided to women and communities with low health literacy to generate awareness about healthy lifestyles and their effects on pregnancy outcomes as an important element of a broader strategy to address maternal nutrition

2018 Global health action

55. Association between type of feeding at discharge from the hospital and nutritional status of very low birth weight preterm infants Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association between type of feeding at discharge from the hospital and nutritional status of very low birth weight preterm infants The ideal feeding for premature babies has been the source of extensive debate. The aim of this study was to assess the association between type of feeding at discharge and the nutritional status of very low birth weight infants. This was a retrospective cohort of preterm babies with birth weight ≤1500 g, born between January 2006 and December 2013. The infants were (...) neonatal units since nutritional status was not influenced by the different types of feeding.

2018 Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research

56. Nutritional adequacy of a novel human milk fortifier from donkey milk in feeding preterm infants: study protocol of a randomized controlled clinical trial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nutritional adequacy of a novel human milk fortifier from donkey milk in feeding preterm infants: study protocol of a randomized controlled clinical trial Fortification of human milk is a standard practice for feeding very low birth weight infants. However, preterm infants often still experience suboptimal growth and feeding intolerance. New fortification strategies and different commercially available fortifiers have been developed. Commercially available fortifiers are constituted by a blend (...) of ingredients from different sources, including plant oils and bovine milk proteins, thus presenting remarkable differences in the quality of macronutrients with respect to human milk. Based on the consideration that donkey milk has been suggested as a valid alternative for children allergic to cow's milk proteins, due to its biochemical similarity to human milk, we hypothesized that donkey milk could be a suitable ingredient for developing an innovative human milk fortifier. The aim of the study

2018 Nutrition journal Controlled trial quality: uncertain

57. Study protocol of the quasi-experimental evaluation of "KEIGAAF": a context-based physical activity and nutrition intervention for primary school children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study protocol of the quasi-experimental evaluation of "KEIGAAF": a context-based physical activity and nutrition intervention for primary school children. The environment affects children's energy balance-related behaviors to a considerable extent. A context-based physical activity and nutrition school- and family-based intervention, named KEIGAAF, is being implemented in low socio-economic neighborhoods in Eindhoven, The Netherlands. The aim of this study was to investigate: 1 (...) ) the effectiveness of the KEIGAAF intervention on BMI z-score, waist circumference, physical activity, sedentary behavior, nutrition behavior, and physical fitness of primary school children, and 2) the process related to the implementation of the intervention.A quasi-experimental, controlled study with eight intervention schools and three control schools was conducted. The KEIGAAF intervention consists of a combined top-down and bottom-up school intervention: a steering committee developed the general KEIGAAF

2018 BMC Public Health

58. Eating at food outlets and leisure places and "on the go" is associated with less-healthy food choices than eating at home and in school in children: cross-sectional data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Program (2008-2014). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Eating at food outlets and leisure places and "on the go" is associated with less-healthy food choices than eating at home and in school in children: cross-sectional data from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Program (2008-2014). Where children eat has been linked to variations in diet quality, including the consumption of low-nutrient, energy-dense food, a recognized risk factor for obesity.The aim of this study was to provide a comprehensive analysis of consumption patterns (...) and nutritional intake by eating location in British children with the use of a nationally representative survey.Cross-sectional data from 4636 children (80,075 eating occasions) aged 1.5-18 y from the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey Rolling Program (2008-2014) were analyzed. Eating locations were categorized as home, school, work, leisure places, food outlets, and "on the go." Foods were classified into core (considered important or acceptable within a healthy diet) and noncore (all other foods). Other

2018 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

59. Does intravenous fish oil affect the growth of extremely low birth weight preterm infants on parenteral nutrition? (Abstract)

Does intravenous fish oil affect the growth of extremely low birth weight preterm infants on parenteral nutrition? Long chain n-3 fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) play a pivotal role during central nervous system development and the provision of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is recommended for the preterm infant. However, there are concerns that oral fish oil, which is a good source of DHA, may adversely affect growth of preterm infants, as it decreases arachidonic acid (ARA). It has been about ten years (...) since fish oil was added to the fat blend of intravenous (IV) lipid emulsions (LE) but information on growth and other clinical outcomes of preterm infants is still scarce. We studied the effect of fish oil containing IV LE vs standard IV LE on growth in a large cohort of preterm infants who received routine parenteral nutrition (PN).We retrospectively reviewed growth data of 546 preterm infants with a birth weight (BW) < 1250 g consecutively admitted to our NICU between Oct-2008 and Jun-2017 who

2018 Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland)

60. Chapter 8. 50 Years of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): Captivating Witness Reports of a Success Story. (Abstract)

Chapter 8. 50 Years of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN): Captivating Witness Reports of a Success Story. Since the conception of an idea of a few paediatric gastroenterologists in Europe to create a society for Paediatric Gastroenterology in 1967, and its foundation in 1968, half a century has passed. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) now celebrates its 50th anniversary and its utmost (...) success in combining clinical and scientific expertise in the fields of paediatric gastroenterology, haepatology, and nutrition. To describe this success story 14 of the still living presidents of ESPGHAN recount their impressions of the steady growth of ESPGHAN with all the historical facets from their own points of view. This historical view of ESPGHAN over the last 5 decades provides personal accounts of the development of all activities and creations of this great European Society. The Society

2018 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

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