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Infant Nutritional Sources

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5261. A randomized trial of education to prevent lead burden in children at high risk for lead exposure: efficacy as measured by blood lead monitoring. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and strategies to reduce lead exposure, including household cleaning, hygiene, safe use of water, and nutritional recommendations. Results indicated that of the 378 children contributing sufficient blood data for analysis, 23% had blood lead levels > 10 micro g/dL before 3 years of age. Intervention participants were more likely to maintain blood lead levels < 10 micro g/dL than were controls (81% vs. 73%; p = 0.08). Multivariate analyses demonstrated that the intervention reduced the risk of blood lead (...) A randomized trial of education to prevent lead burden in children at high risk for lead exposure: efficacy as measured by blood lead monitoring. In this article we report on the effectiveness of a community-based, culture-specific, controlled trial of intensive peer education aimed at preventing lead burden in children 0-36 months of age within a neighborhood with high risk for lead exposure. Mothers (n = 594) were randomly assigned to control or intervention groups. Offspring blood lead

2003 Environmental health perspectives Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5262. DTP immunization status and tetanus antitoxin titers of Mexican American children ages six months through eleven years. Full Text available with Trip Pro

DTP immunization status and tetanus antitoxin titers of Mexican American children ages six months through eleven years. Data from the Mexican American portion of the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES), conducted in 1982-83, were analyzed for the number of diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTP) immunizations reported for Mexican American children 6 months-11 years of age and for levels of tetanus antitoxin titers in Mexican American children 4-11 years of age. In Mexican (...) American children 6 months-11 years, 98.2 per cent had one or more DTP immunizations reported (95 per cent CI: 97.5, 98.9%); 85.1 per cent had three or more DTP immunizations reported (95 per cent CI: 83.2, 87.0%). The reported immunization coverage in Mexican American children was corroborated by the tetanus antitoxin titers which were above the minimum protective level (greater than or equal to 0.01 IU/ml) in 99.6 per cent of the 4-11 year olds. Using the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP

1988 American Journal of Public Health

5263. Feeding the low-birthweight infant. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of 34 weeks. Age Factors Biology Birth Weight Body Weight Bottle Feeding Breast Feeding Demographic Factors Health Infant Infant Nutrition Infant, Premature Literature Review Nutrition Physiology Population Population Characteristics Youth TJ: CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL. 1981 5 15 1981 5 15 0 1 1981 5 15 0 0 ppublish 7016290 PMC1705443 Pediatrics. 1973 Oct;52(4):525-33 4742247 Pediatrics. 1974 Feb;53(2):147-56 4149571 Proc Nutr Soc. 1973 May;32(1):9-15 4594175 J Pediatr. 1974 Dec;85(6):764 (...) 839326 Pediatrics. 1977 Mar;59(3):407-22 840561 Aust Paediatr J. 1976 Sep;12(3):154-62 828495 Am J Dis Child. 1977 Apr;131(4):463-7 848468 Am J Dis Child. 1977 Apr;131(4):468-9 848469 Arch Dis Child. 1977 Apr;52(4):296-301 558739 Clin Sci Mol Med. 1977 May;52(5):485-98 862342 Pediatrics. 1977 Jun;59 Suppl(6 Pt 2):998-1005 577306 Biol Neonate. 1977;32(1-2):73-6 409439 Clin Perinatol. 1977 Sep;4(2):239-57 332429 Clin Perinatol. 1977 Sep;4(2):377-83 332434 J Pediatr. 1977 Nov;91(5):787-93 909021 Pediatr

1981 Canadian Medical Association Journal

5264. Use of vitamin-mineral supplements by AFDC children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

source of vitamins, which most frequently were those widely advertised on television. It is suggested that pharmacists, physicians, and EPSDT personnel might take a more active role in nutrition counseling. The population is poor by definition and rural by study design. In the face of these facts, it was interesting to find that the most often used vitamin was Flintstones, one of the more expensive brands of children's vitamins. Some other vitamin products used, in descending order of frequency were (...) Use of vitamin-mineral supplements by AFDC children. Slightly more than 11 percent of the 1,616 children in Northern Mississippi households receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children regularly used vitamins, according to the 540 personal interviews conducted in this study. Of the vitamins used, about 20 percent were obtained by prescription. Participation in Early and Periodic Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment (EPSDT) was found not to be related to vitamin use. The pharmacy was the main

1985 Public Health Reports

5265. Tolerance to a rice hydrolysate formula in children allergic to cow's milk and soy. (Abstract)

Tolerance to a rice hydrolysate formula in children allergic to cow's milk and soy. Even hydrolysed cow's milk formulae may retain residual allergens and there are few nutritional options for children with cow's milk allergy (CMA) who also react to soy.To assess clinical tolerance to a rice-based hydrolysate in children with such a clinical presentation.Eighteen children (six girls and 12 boys; median age 5 years; range 1-9 years) with CMA, who developed clinical reactions to a soy-based (...) to lactalbumin, eight to rice and two to rice hydrolysate. Positive serology was found in all patients' sera tested with cow's milk, with soy in 13 sera and with rice in seven. Double-blinded, placebo-controlled challenge with an HRF was negative in all cases.Children allergic to cow's milk and soy tolerate an HRF clinically. This suggests that rice hydrolysate may be used as a protein source for children with multiple food-induced reactions.

2003 Clinical and Experimental Allergy

5266. CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy ESL Students

CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy ESL Students CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy ESL Students - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy ESL (...) University Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: To promote cardiovascular health through nutritional education in a low literacy population enrolled in English as a Second Language (ESL) courses in the San Diego Community College District. Condition or disease Cardiovascular Diseases Heart Diseases Detailed Description: BACKGROUND: The investigator originally applied for the grant in response to an NHLBI initiative on "CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy Skills". The initiative

2000 Clinical Trials

5267. CVD Nutrition Education

in their infancy in 1991. The study was part of an NHLBI initiative on "CVD Nutrition Education for Low Literacy Skills". The initiative originated within the Prevention and Demonstration Branch of the DECA, was approved by the September 1988 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Advisory Council, and released in July 1990. DESIGN NARRATIVE: The two clusters were comprised of small groups of multi-ethnic, low-income individuals who were predominantly women aged 20-35 with low-literacy levels. The source (...) CVD Nutrition Education CVD Nutrition Education - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. CVD Nutrition Education The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study

2000 Clinical Trials

5268. Clinical and nutritional consequences of lactose feeding during persistent postenteritis diarrhea. (Abstract)

Clinical and nutritional consequences of lactose feeding during persistent postenteritis diarrhea. In a double-blind prospective trial, 64 children, 3 to 36 months of age, who had diarrhea for at least 14 days were randomly assigned to receive either a milk-based diet containing 6 g/kg of body weight per day of lactose or the same diet in which the lactose was greater than 95% prehydrolyzed with beta-galactosidase. Clinical and nutritional outcomes were compared. The groups were similar (...) limits 11.4, 72.6) in the hydrolyzed lactose group (P less than .01). Diarrhea stopped within 30 hours of hospital admission in 11 children in the hydrolyzed lactose group (35.5%) compared with 1 child in the lactose group (3.3%) (P less than .001). Fecal excretion of carbohydrate, nitrogen, and energy was significantly greater in lactose group (P less than .01), but there were no significant differences in fat excretion or in incremental weight change during hospitalization. Feeding lactose

1989 Pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5269. Multiple program participation: comparison of nutrition and food assistance program benefits with food costs in Boston, Massachusetts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple program participation: comparison of nutrition and food assistance program benefits with food costs in Boston, Massachusetts. The values of government cash and food assistance benefits are compared to estimated food costs in Boston for households whose sole source of income is Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) and who have housing in the private sector. Methods developed by the General Accounting Office (GAO) in 1978 are replicated. GAO found that the value of combined

1989 American Journal of Public Health

5270. Premie nutrition: mother's milk may be best. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Canada Demographic Factors Developed Countries Health Infant Infant Nutrition Infant, Premature North America Northern America Nutrition Population Population Characteristics Youth TJ: CANADIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION JOURNAL. 1981 5 15 1981 5 15 0 1 1981 5 15 0 0 ppublish 7237306 PMC1705425 N Engl J Med. 1971 Oct 7;285(15):841-3 5570846 Pediatrics. 1980 Sep;66(3):438-44 6158733 Br J Haematol. 1972 Oct;23(4):389-92 4343570 Pediatrics. 1974 Feb;53(2):147-56 4149571 Nurs Times. 1975 May 15;71(20):758-61 (...) Premie nutrition: mother's milk may be best. 7237306 1981 08 10 2018 11 13 0008-4409 124 10 1981 May 15 Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Premie nutrition: mother's milk may be best. 1247-8 Chance G G eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 AIM IM J Female Humans Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena Infant, Newborn Infant, Premature Milk, Human analysis 001667 00086599 Good theoretical considerations exist in support of the view that nutrient intake

1981 Canadian Medical Association Journal

5271. Development of the New York State Nutrition Surveillance Program. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to a new program, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which established support for more than 1,000 emergency food programs across the State. SNAP also expanded the home delivered meal program for the frail elderly and the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children. NSP provided information on the extent of unmet nutrition needs that was used to establish funding requests and provided data describing the characteristics of SNAP participants that were used (...) in developing new SNAP program components. The second phase of NSP began in 1988. It identified populations that were thought to be at nutrition risk and compiled information about the extent of unmet need, the characteristics of the population, and the status of current nutrition programs to meet the needs. As a result of this review, NSP added a nutrition component to the Dental Survey of School Children; conducted a dietary survey; developed an inventory of information sources in all State agencies

1993 Public Health Reports

5272. Nutritional status of schoolchildren in an inner city area. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nutritional status of schoolchildren in an inner city area. Data were collected on the seven day weighed food intakes of 65 schoolchildren, aged 12-13 years, living in an inner city, socially deprived area in east London. Blood samples were collected during the week and analysed for cholesterol, serum ferritin, vitamins A, E, B-12, beta carotene, and folic acid. Boys generally fared better than girls with almost a quarter of the girls having intakes of calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, vitamin (...) A, and riboflavin less than the lower reference nutrient intake, an amount which, by definition, is enough for only the few people in a group who have low needs. Although the mean energy intake was close to the estimated average requirement for both boys and girls, 74% did not meet the recommended intake for fibre and a high proportion of children consumed more than 11% of their energy from saturated fat (85%) and added sugar (88%). Thirty seven per cent of the children ate no fresh fruit during the week

1994 Archives of Disease in Childhood

5273. Role of nutrition in pregnancy with phenylketonuria and birth defects. (Abstract)

Role of nutrition in pregnancy with phenylketonuria and birth defects. The maternal phenylketonuria (PKU) syndrome is caused by high blood phenylalanine (Phe) levels during pregnancy, leading to a host of birth defects, especially microcephaly and congenital heart disease (CHD). For finding whether the maternal PKU syndrome could be prevented, an international collaborative study was organized to evaluate treatment with a Phe-restricted diet. Blood Phe levels, maternal weight gain, and nutrient (...) the other 165 women had blood Phe control >600 micromol/L by 8 weeks of gestation. Of the 251 offspring, 166 were born with normal head circumference and 85 were born with microcephaly (<2 standard deviations below normal). Women with blood Phe >600 micromol/L at 8 weeks of gestation included 78 (92%) of the 85 infants with microcephaly compared with 8% in the group of women who had blood Phe levels < or =600 micromol/L. Weight gain during pregnancy was related to the rate of microcephaly. The highest

2003 Pediatrics

5274. The use of nutritional supplements among master athletes. (Abstract)

The use of nutritional supplements among master athletes. We assessed the use of nutritional supplements among master athletes focusing on their source of information and source of supply of nutritional supplements. 1560 standardized, anonymous questionnaires were distributed among participants of the World Masters Athletics Championships Indoors 2004. These questions were related to biometric parameters, social indicators, training parameters, illicit drugs, and nutritional supplements. Chi2 (...) -tests were computed to reveal meaningful associations between basic information (age, gender, family status, children, education, country of origin, disciplines, training years, smoking, and the use of alcohol, illicit drugs, and doping) and the intake of nutritional supplements. Descriptive information on the history of their use of nutritional supplements was also provided. 60.5 % of all participants reported the actual use of nutritional supplements. We found no significant differences between

2006 International Journal of Sports Medicine

5275. Management of bovine protein allergy: new perspectives and nutritional aspects. (Abstract)

(National Library of Medicine) were reviewed. This review is a synthesis of these sources along with the discussions with experts in this field and the expert opinion of the authors.Soy protein-based and hydrolyzed milk protein formulas are the most commonly used alternative protein sources in the case of bovine protein allergy. Despite the adequacy of their nutritional values, there are still some problems to be solved regarding these formulas. In addition, a considerable percentage of the infants (...) Management of bovine protein allergy: new perspectives and nutritional aspects. Awareness of the considerable incidence of bovine protein allergy in infancy makes it necessary to eliminate cow's milk antigens from the diet in special cases. The primary objective of this review is to discuss the nutritional aspects and appropriate use of hypoallergenic formulas as a substitute for cow's milk formulas and to present new alternative feeding modalities in this field.Related articles in PubMed

2002 Asthma & Immunology

5276. Egg and breast milk based nitrogen sources compared. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Egg and breast milk based nitrogen sources compared. A nitrogen source based on egg protein (Vamin 9 glucose) and an alternative with an amino acid profile more similar to breast milk (Vaminolact), were compared in 14 parenterally fed infants. Subjects were randomly allocated to receive one or other amino acid solution, but were otherwise given identical diets. At the start of the study the two groups did not differ significantly in postconceptual age, postnatal age, or weight. Over a six day (...) milk protein therefore brings plasma amino acid profiles during parenteral nutrition closer to those found in breast fed infants, and reduces in particular, the risks of hyperphenylalaninaemia and hypertyrosinaemia.

1989 Archives of disease in childhood Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5277. Egg and breast milk based nitrogen sources compared. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Egg and breast milk based nitrogen sources compared. 2110442 1990 06 05 2018 11 13 1468-2044 65 3 1990 Mar Archives of disease in childhood Arch. Dis. Child. Egg and breast milk based nitrogen sources compared. 336-7 Smith I I eng Comment Letter England Arch Dis Child 0372434 0003-9888 0 Amino Acids 0 Electrolytes 0 Parenteral Nutrition Solutions 0 Solutions 0 amino-acid, glucose, and electrolyte solution IY9XDZ35W2 Glucose AIM IM Arch Dis Child. 1989 Oct;64(10):1472-7 2510608 Amino Acids (...) pharmacology Electrolytes Food, Formulated Glucose Humans Infant Infant Food Parenteral Nutrition Parenteral Nutrition Solutions Solutions 1990 3 1 1990 3 1 0 1 1990 3 1 0 0 ppublish 2110442 PMC1792314 Arch Dis Child. 1989 Oct;64(10):1472-7 2510608 Eur J Clin Nutr. 1989;43 Suppl 1:1-5 2737171 Physiol Rev. 1983 Oct;63(4):1481-535 6361813 J Pediatr. 1986 Aug;109(2):347-9 3734973

1990 Archives of Disease in Childhood

5278. Vitamin E status in preterm infants fed human milk or infant formula. (Abstract)

Vitamin E status in preterm infants fed human milk or infant formula. Vitamin E status was assessed in 36 infants with birth weights less than 1500 gm who were assigned randomly to receive one of three sources of nutrition: milk obtained from mothers of preterm infants (preterm milk), mature human milk, or infant formula. Infants in each dietary group were further assigned randomly to receive iron supplementation (2 mg/kg/day) beginning at 2 weeks or to receive no iron supplementation. All (...) infants received a standard multivitamin, providing 4.1 mg alpha-tocopherol daily. Serum vitamin E concentrations at 6 weeks were significantly related both to type of milk (P less than 0.0001) and to iron supplementation (P less than 0.05). Infants fed preterm milk had significantly higher serum vitamin E levels than did infants fed mature human milk, and both groups had significantly higher levels than did those fed formula. Ratios of serum vitamin E/total lipid were also significantly greater

1985 The Journal of pediatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5279. Gastrointestinal tolerance of a pediatric fiber formula in developmentally disabled children. (Abstract)

Gastrointestinal tolerance of a pediatric fiber formula in developmentally disabled children. We performed a masked, randomized, 2-month crossover study with developmentally disabled children to study the tolerance of a pediatric adapted enteral formula with added soy fiber.Twenty children and adolescents aged 1 to 17 years, requiring liquid nutrition, were fed Pediasure (PS) and Pediasure with approximately 10 g total dietary fiber/l, (PSF10) as their major source of energy and nutrient intake (...) obtained at study initiation and at each biweekly visit during the crossover phase and monthly during the follow-up phase. Bowel scintigraphy studies were conducted in patients with oral or nasogastric intake during the crossover periods. Biochemical assessments were conducted at entry, at the end of each crossover period, and at exit.There were no differences in any of the tolerance, stooling, growth, or biochemical measurements between the feeding regimens, in 11 children completing this phase

1997 Journal of the American College of Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5280. Progress toward meeting the 1990 nutrition objectives for the nation: nutrition services and data collection in state/territorial health agencies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

objectives, the Association of State and Territorial Public Health Nutrition Directors conducted a survey in 1985 to which 54 state and territorial nutrition directors responded. Three-fourths of the nutrition personnel focused efforts on maternal and child populations, and were supported largely by federal funds from the Special Supplemental Food Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) and the Maternal and Child Health Block Grant. Only 15 per cent were funded by state and local sources. While (...) Progress toward meeting the 1990 nutrition objectives for the nation: nutrition services and data collection in state/territorial health agencies. Promoting Health, Preventing Disease, Objectives for the Nation, specifies nutrition as a priority area for improving the health of Americans by 1990. Eleven of the 15 nutrition objectives target adults or the public while four address pregnant and lactating women, infants, and children. To determine progress by states toward achieving the nutrition

1987 American Journal of Public Health

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