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Infant Nutritional Sources

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21. Nutritional risk prevalence in hospitalized pediatric patients and methodological analysis of the nutritional screening tools validation studies: a systematic review

Nutritional risk prevalence in hospitalized pediatric patients and methodological analysis of the nutritional screening tools validation studies: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem cell dose (linear); blinding of outcome assessment reported (stratified yes vs no). For stratified analyses, a minimum number of 8 studies per subgroup is required. ">Subgroup analyses A sensitivity analysis is conducted to assess the impact of decisions taken in the review process on the meta-analysis outcome. These decisions may have been made in various

2020 PROSPERO

22. The efficacy of baby-led weaning and Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS on infant growth and nutrition intakes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

The efficacy of baby-led weaning and Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS on infant growth and nutrition intakes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) are used to explore between-study heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source

2020 PROSPERO

23. Determinants of age-appropriate breastfeeding, dietary diversity, and consumption of animal source foods among Indonesian children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Determinants of age-appropriate breastfeeding, dietary diversity, and consumption of animal source foods among Indonesian children. Global child feeding practices remain suboptimal. In this study, we assess the determinants of age-inappropriate breastfeeding, dietary diversity, and consumption of 3+ types of animal source foods (ASFs) using 11,687 observations from combined data from the Indonesian Demographic Health Survey of 2012 and 2017. We used linear and logistic regression after (...) Indonesia, more children in eastern Indonesia were age-inappropriately breastfed and had lower dietary diversity. The Indonesian government needs to develop programmes to improve child feeding particularly in eastern Indonesia, focusing on improving dietary diversity and ASF consumption in poorer households and on prolonging breastfeeding in richer households. Women's labour force participation should be encouraged, but programmes for working mothers are also needed to support continued breastfeeding

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

24. The State of Knowledge about Nutrition Sources of Vitamin D, Its Role in the Human Body, and Necessity of Supplementation among Parents in Central Poland Full Text available with Trip Pro

The State of Knowledge about Nutrition Sources of Vitamin D, Its Role in the Human Body, and Necessity of Supplementation among Parents in Central Poland The percentage of children with vitamin D deficiency in Poland is alarming. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge about sources of food and the function of vitamin D, as well as the frequency of its supplementation. A survey was conducted among the parents of children from Central Poland attending primary schools (...) , and a questionnaire containing mainly open-ended questions was used to collect the data. Most mothers knew at least one of the functions of vitamin D in the body but had a low level of knowledge about its dietary sources. Only a small group of respondents supplemented themselves and their children with vitamin D. Statistically significant influences on the level of knowledge about the functions and sources of vitamin D were place of residence (i.e., better knowledge in the countryside) and mothers' level

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

25. Ethnic disparities of beverage consumption in infants and children 0–5 years of age; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ethnic disparities of beverage consumption in infants and children 0–5 years of age; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 Dietary patterns, including beverage consumption, that are developed during a child's first few years of life have been shown to impact dietary choices made later in life. Authoritative sources provide beverage recommendations for infants and children; however, it is unclear if these guidelines are followed and what, if any, the differences (...) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for children 0-5 years were analyzed (n = 2445). Beverages were classified as follows; milk, 100% juice, diet beverages, sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), and water.Our results show that regardless of race/ethnicity, dietary recommendation were not always followed. Prior to 6 months, 10% of infants consumed any amount of 100% juice; from 6 to 11 months, 17% of young children were drinking any amount of milk. SSB consumption rapidly increased

2018 Nutrition journal

26. Infant formula and breast milk consumption in the nutritional status of iodine in infants: a systematic review

Infant formula and breast milk consumption in the nutritional status of iodine in infants: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem

2020 PROSPERO

27. Neonatal parenteral nutrition

Administration of neonatal parenteral nutrition 7 1.3 Energy needs of babies on neonatal parenteral nutrition 8 1.4 Neonatal parenteral nutrition volume 9 1.5 Constituents of neonatal parenteral nutrition 9 1.6 Standardised neonatal parenteral nutrition formulations ('standardised bags') 14 1.7 Monitoring neonatal parenteral nutrition 14 1.8 Stopping neonatal parenteral nutrition 17 1.9 Service design 17 1.10 Information and support for parents and carers 18 T erms used in this guideline 19 Recommendations (...) for research 22 Key recommendations for research 22 Rationale and impact 24 Indications for, and timing of, neonatal parenteral nutrition 24 Administration of neonatal parenteral nutrition 26 Energy needs of babies on neonatal parenteral nutrition 29 Neonatal parenteral nutrition volume 30 Constituents of neonatal parenteral nutrition – glucose 31 Constituents of neonatal parenteral nutrition – amino acids 32 Constituents of neonatal parenteral nutrition – lipids and lipid emulsions 34 Constituents

2020 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

28. Adolescent girls' infant and young child nutrition knowledge levels and sources differ among rural and urban samples in Bangladesh. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adolescent girls' infant and young child nutrition knowledge levels and sources differ among rural and urban samples in Bangladesh. In many low-income countries, girls marry early and have children very soon after marriage. Although conveying infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) knowledge to adolescent girls in time is important to ensure the well-being of their children, little is known about the best ways to convey these messages. This study examines the extent of, and sources from which (...) mothers have only small, or no association with adolescent girls' knowledge of IYCN, improving adolescent girls' IYCN knowledge may require information and messaging specifically directed towards them. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.© 2016 The Authors. Maternal & Child Nutrition published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2016 Maternal & child nutrition

29. European Society Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Guidelines for Diagnosing Coeliac Disease 2019. (Abstract)

European Society Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Guidelines for Diagnosing Coeliac Disease 2019. The ESPGHAN 2012 coeliac disease (CD) diagnostic guidelines aimed to guide physicians in accurately diagnosing CD and permit omission of duodenal biopsies in selected cases. Here, an updated and expanded evidence-based guideline is presented.Literature databases and other sources of information were searched for studies that could inform on ten formulated questions on symptoms (...) is low/undetectable an IgG based test is indicated. Patients with positive results should be referred to a paediatric gastroenterologist/specialist. If TGA-IgA is ≥10 times the upper limit of normal (10xULN) and the family agrees, the no-biopsy diagnosis may be applied, provided endomysial antibodies (EMA-IgA) will test positive in a second blood sample. HLA DQ2-/DQ8 determination and symptoms are not obligatory criteria. In children with positive TGA-IgA <10xULN at least 4 biopsies from the distal

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

30. Iodine Nutrition in U.S. Weaning Infants. (Abstract)

Iodine Nutrition in U.S. Weaning Infants. As iodine is a requisite micronutrient for infant brain development, infants are at risk for iodine deficiency during the weaning period, when their diet transitions from milk (breastmilk, infant formula, or follow-on formula) to solid food. Dietary iodine intake during this weaning period is likely minimal, as the iodine content of commercial baby food is not regulated, and the addition of salt to baby food is not recommended. In this study, we report (...) the current status of iodine nutrition among weaning infants in the U.S.Subjects were infants <12 months of age who were fed any combination of formula and/or baby food. Samples of all formula and food consumed in the previous 24 hours, and a spot urine from the infant, were obtained for the measurement of iodine. The estimated quantities of ingested formula and baby food were summed from a food diary recorded by infants' parents.Mean age of infants (n = 60; 50% Caucasian, 30% Black) was 6.3 ± 3.5 months

2019 Thyroid

31. Challenges in missing grandmothers from infant and young child feeding and nutrition counselling: Systematic review using thematic analysis

Challenges in missing grandmothers from infant and young child feeding and nutrition counselling: Systematic review using thematic analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration (...) and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species

2020 PROSPERO

32. Maternal behavioral determinants and livestock ownership are associated with animal source food consumption among young children during fasting in rural Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Cow ownership was directly and indirectly associated with ASF consumption, whereas having chickens was indirectly associated with consumption via the availability pathway. Our findings corroborate the importance of maternal behavioural determinants related to feeding ASFs to children during fasting on ASF consumption via household availability and the positive influence of livestock ownership.© 2018 The Authors. Maternal and Child Nutrition Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (...) Maternal behavioral determinants and livestock ownership are associated with animal source food consumption among young children during fasting in rural Ethiopia. Religious fasting often involves abstention from animal source foods (ASFs). Although children are exempt, their diets are influenced by the widespread fasting practices. This study investigated the factors influencing ASF consumption among young children during the Lent fasting period in western Amhara, Ethiopia. We used baseline

2018 Maternal & child nutrition

33. A reverse metabolic approach to weaning: in silico identification of immune-beneficial infant gut bacteria, mining their metabolism for prebiotic feeds and sourcing these feeds in the natural product space Full Text available with Trip Pro

A reverse metabolic approach to weaning: in silico identification of immune-beneficial infant gut bacteria, mining their metabolism for prebiotic feeds and sourcing these feeds in the natural product space Weaning is a period of marked physiological change. The introduction of solid foods and the changes in milk consumption are accompanied by significant gastrointestinal, immune, developmental, and microbial adaptations. Defining a reduced number of infections as the desired health benefit (...) health-beneficial microbes by weaning food; analyzed competition and synergy for (prebiotic) nutrients between selected microbes; and translated this information into designing an experimental complementary feed for infants enrolled in a pilot clinical trial ( http://www.nourishtoflourish.auckland.ac.nz/ ).In this study, we applied a benefit-oriented microbiome research strategy for enhanced early-life immune health. We extended from "classical" to molecular nutrition aiming to identify nutrients

2018 Microbiome

34. Dietary intake of energy-dense, nutrient-poor and nutrient-dense food sources in children with cystic fibrosis. (Abstract)

Dietary intake of energy-dense, nutrient-poor and nutrient-dense food sources in children with cystic fibrosis. Prescription of a high-energy, high-fat diet is a mainstay of nutrition management in cystic fibrosis (CF). However, families may be relying on energy-dense, nutrient-poor (EDNP) foods rather than nutrient-dense (ND) foods to meet dietary targets. We aimed to evaluate the relative contribution of EDNP and ND foods to the usual diets of children with CF and identify sociodemographic (...) factors associated with higher EDNP intakes.This is a cross-sectional comparison of children with CF aged 2-18 years and age- and gender-matched controls. Dietary intake was assessed using the Australian Child and Adolescent Eating Survey (ACAES) food frequency questionnaire.Children with CF (n = 80: 37 males; mean age 9.3 years) consumed significantly more EDNP foods than controls (mean age 9.8 years) in terms of both total energy (median [IQR]: 1301 kcal/day (843-1860) vs. 686 kcal/day (480-1032

2018 Journal of Cystic Fibrosis

35. Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sources of Added Sugars in Young Children, Adolescents, and Adults with Low and High Intakes of Added Sugars High intake of added sugars is associated with excess energy intake and poorer diet quality. The objective of this cross-sectional study (n = 16,806) was to estimate usual intakes and the primary food sources of added sugars across the range of intakes (i.e., deciles) among U.S. children (2-8 years), adolescents and teens (9-18 years), and adults (≥19 years) using the National Health (...) and Nutrition Examination (NHANES) data from 2009-2012. The percent energy contributed by added sugars was 14.3 ± 0.2% (2-8 years), 16.2 ± 0.2% (9-18 years), and 13.1 ± 0.2% (≥19 years), suggesting the highest intakes are among adolescents and teens. However, the primary foods/beverages that contribute to added sugars were remarkably consistent across the range of intakes, with the exception of the lowest decile, and include sweetened beverages and sweet bakery products. Interestingly across all age groups

2018 Nutrients

36. Food Sources of Energy and Macronutrient Intakes among Infants from 6 to 12 Months of Age: The Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Macronutrient Intakes among Infants from 6 to 12 Months of Age: The Growing Up in Singapore Towards Healthy Outcomes (GUSTO) Study Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries (...) collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology. Energy intakes per day (kcal; mean (standard deviation, SD)) of these infants were 640 (158) at 6 months, 675 (173) at 9 months, and 761 (208) at 12 months. Infant formula, breastmilk and infant cereals were the top three food sources of energy and macronutrient intakes in infants through

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

37. Psychosocial Issues in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: Report of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

psychiatric disorders in pediatric in?ammatory bowel disease and cystic ?brosis. Child Psy- chiatry Hum Dev 1994;25:45–52. 79. Engstrom I. Parental distress and social interaction in families with children with in?ammatory bowel disease. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1991;30:904–12. 80. Speechley KN, Noh S. Surviving childhood cancer, social support, and parents’ psychological adjustment. J Pediatr Psychol 1992;17:15– 31. 81. Hoekstra-Weebers JE, Jaspers JP, Kamps WA, et al. Psychological adaptation (...) and social support, degree of disruption of the child’s usual activities, and degree of stress, both early life and ongoing life stressors, may influence how children will react to having IBD. It is imperative for pediatric providers to pay attention to such psychosocial factors in evaluating how a child is coping with IBD. The purpose of this clinical report is to review research in several areas of psychosocial functioning relevant to pediatric IBD and to provide recommendations for care providers

2013 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

38. Effects of two different lipid emulsions on antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and parenteral nutrition- related cholestasis in premature babies, a randomized-controlled study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of two different lipid emulsions on antioxidant status, lipid peroxidation and parenteral nutrition- related cholestasis in premature babies, a randomized-controlled study. Olive oil-soybean oil (OO/SO) based lipid emulsions (LE) lack ω-3 PUFAs eicosapentaenoic acid -EPA and docosahexaenoic acid- DHA, which have clinical benefits on inflammatory processes. Fish oil based LEs are good sources of DHA and EPA. Fish oil, MCT, Olive oil and Soya oil (FMOS) lipid is one of the fish oil (...) substances (TBARS) levels in the first day of life, 7th day of lipid use and 28th day of life were measured and cholestasis during parenteral nutrition was recorded.34 and 33 patients were in FMOS and OO/SO lipid groups respectively. Although the TBARS levels were higher in the first day of life and 7th day of LEs in OO/SO lipid group (p=0.014 and p=0.022), on the 28th day of life TBARS level was similar and SOD level was higher (p=0.014) in OO/SO group. Cholestasis was significantly lower in FMOS lipid

2018 Pediatrics and neonatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39. Evaluation of the efficacy, safety and acceptability of a fish protein isolate in the nutrition of children under 36 months of age. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of the efficacy, safety and acceptability of a fish protein isolate in the nutrition of children under 36 months of age. To determine the effect of a fish protein isolate (FPi), administered over 6 months, on the growth of children aged 6-36 months, measured by Z-scores of height-for-age (HAZ) and weight-for-height (WHZ), compared with the standard meal without FPi; and to determine the safety and acceptability of FPi daily consumption.Cluster-randomized community-based controlled (...) trial. For 6 months, the centres received either FPi replacing 50 % of total proteins in the diet or standard protein. HAZ and WHZ were used to determine the effect on growth. Acceptability was determined by daily consumption, measured by weighing the servings before and after consumption.Day care centres and community nutritional centres in northern Lima, Peru.Children (n 441) aged 6-36 months.Four centres were randomized to the intervention with FPi, five centres were randomized to the standard

2018 Public health nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

40. Nutrition for Preterm Infants: 75 Years of History Full Text available with Trip Pro

Nutrition for Preterm Infants: 75 Years of History As technology has advanced, survival rates of preterm infants have improved dramatically. Human milk was the primary source of enteral nutrition during the early days of neonatology, but the HIV/AIDS epidemic resulted in an increased use of preterm formula. More recently, the benefits of human milk were rediscovered, resulting in increased use of donor human milk as well. The awareness that human milk does not contain the amounts of nutrients (...) to meet the high requirements of infants born premature resulted in the development of human milk fortifiers. The development of these fortifiers is still ongoing, as are alternative methods of pasteurization of donor milk. Those initiatives will increase the use of human milk with consequently short- and long-term benefits for preterm infants.© 2018 S. Karger AG, Basel.

2018 Annals of nutrition & metabolism

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