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Infant Nutritional Sources

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281. Clinical Practice Guidelines for Clostridium difficile Infection in Adults and Children (Full text)

) XI. When should a neonate or infant be tested for C. difficile ? Because of the high prevalence of asymptomatic carriage of toxigenic C. difficile in infants, testing for CDI should never be routinely recommended for neonates or infants ≤12 months of age with diarrhea (strong recommendation, moderate quality of evidence) . XII. When should a toddler or older child be tested for C. difficile ? C. difficile testing should not be routinely performed in children with diarrhea who are 1–2 years of age (...) Considerations) XXXII. What is the best treatment of an initial episode or first recurrence of nonsevere CDI in children? Either metronidazole or vancomycin is recommended for the treatment of children with an initial episode or first recurrence of nonsevere CDI (see Pediatric treatment section for dosing) (weak recommendation, low quality of evidence) (Table 2). XXXIII. What is the best treatment of an initial episode of severe CDI in children? For children with an initial episode of severe CDI, oral

2017 Infectious Diseases Society of America PubMed abstract

282. Quality Improvement in Pediatric Endoscopy: A Clinical Report From the NASPGHAN Endoscopy Committee

to Received April 7, 2016; accepted March 13, 2017. From the Department of Pediatrics, Digestive Health Institute, University of Colorado School of Medicine/Children’s Hospital Colorado, the y Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, the Research and Learning Institutes, Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto; the Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, the z Department of Pediatrics, Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Medical College (...) of Wisconsin, and the § The Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX. Address correspondence and reprint requests to Robert E. Kramer, MD, Department of Pediatrics, Digestive Health Institute, University of Colorado School of Medicine/Children’s Hospital Colorado, 13123 E 16th Ave, B290, Aurora, CO 80045 (e-mail: Robert.kramer@childrenscolorado.org). The authors report no con?icts of interest. Copyright # 2017 by European Society

2017 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

283. Joint ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN Guidelines for the Management of Helicobacter pylori in Children and Adolescents

, Brussels, Belgium, the Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, the # Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, the Children’s Center for Digestive Healthcare, LLC, Gi Care for Kids, LLC, Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta, the yy Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, the zz Department of Pediatrics, Gastroenterol- ogy (...) , Michal Kori, ## Armando Madrazo, Francis Megraud, yyy Alexandra Papadopoulou, and zzz Marion Rowland, on behalf of ESPGHAN,NASPGHAN ABSTRACT Background: Because of the changing epidemiology ofHelicobacterpylori infection and low ef?cacy of currently recommended therapies, an update of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition/North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatol- ogy and Nutrition recommendations for the diagnosis and management ofH

2017 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

284. Guideline for the Evaluation of Cholestatic Jaundice in Infants: Joint Recommendations of NASPGHAN and ESPGHAN

American Society Received April 20, 2016; accepted July 6, 2016. From the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Boston Children’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, the y Division Paediatric Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Paediatric Kidney, Liver and Metabolic Diseases, Hannover Medical School, Hann- over, Germany, the z Yale New Haven Hospital Transplantation Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, the § Department of Pediatrics (...) , Karolinska University Hospital, CLINTEC, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, the jj Paediatric Centre for Hepatology, Gastroenterology and Nutrition King’s College Hospital, London, UK, the Section of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children’s Hospital Colorado, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, the # Swiss Center for Liver Disease in Children, University Hospitals Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, the Indiana Uni- versity School of Medicine/Riley Hospital

2017 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

285. Faltering growth: recognition and management of faltering growth in children.

, based on the assessment, advise on food choices for infants and children that: Are appropriate to the child's developmental stage in terms of quantity, type and food texture Optimise energy and nutrient density. In infants or children who need a further increase in the nutrient density of their diet beyond that achieved through advice on food choices, consider: Short-term dietary fortification using energy-dense foods Referral to a paediatric dietitian. Advise the parents or carers of infants (...) or children with faltering growth that drinking too many energy-dense drinks, including milk, can reduce a child's appetite for other foods. Consider a trial of an oral liquid nutritional supplement for infants or children with continuing faltering growth despite other interventions (see previous recommendations). Regularly reassess infants and children receiving an oral nutritional supplement for faltering growth to decide if it should be continued. Take into account: Weight change Linear growth Intake

2017 National Guideline Clearinghouse (partial archive)

286. Telepsychiatry With Children and Adolescents

60 243 youth (mean age 11 y) review of medical records usinganonrandomizeddesign,the ITV group demonstrated more improvement than the in-person group in enhancing nutrition, increasing activity, and decreasing screen time Note: ADHD¼ attention-de?cit/hyperactivity disorder; ADI-R¼ Autism Diagnostic IntervieweRevised; ADIS-IV-C/P¼Anxiety Disorders Interview ScaleeDSM-IVeParent and Child Versions; ADOS ¼ Autism Diagnostic Observation Scale; BMI ¼ body mass index; BPFAS ¼ Behavioral Pediatrics (...) Telepsychiatry With Children and Adolescents AACAP OFFICIAL ACTION Clinical Update: Telepsychiatry With Children and Adolescents American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP) Committee on Telepsychiatry and AACAP Committee on Quality Issues This Clinical Update reviews the use of telepsychiatry to deliver psychiatric, mental health, and care coordination services to children and adolescents across settings as direct service and in collaboration with primary care providers or other

2017 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

287. Effects of animal protein supplementation of mothers, preterm infants, and term infants on growth outcomes in childhood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. (Full text)

Effects of animal protein supplementation of mothers, preterm infants, and term infants on growth outcomes in childhood: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials. Child stunting is a major public health problem, afflicting 155 million people worldwide. Lack of animal-source protein has been identified as a risk, but effects of animal protein supplementation are not well established.The aim of this study was to investigate effects of animal protein supplementation in mothers (...) ) trials reporting this outcome. In term infants, the weight-for-length z-score was increased in trials of formula (+0.24 z-score) and food supplementation (+0.06 z-score), whereas food supplementation was also associated with reduced odds of stunting (-13%).Supplementation of protein from animal-source foods generally increased weight and weight-for-length in children, but with more limited effects on other growth outcomes such as attained height.Copyright © American Society for Nutrition 2019.

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition PubMed abstract

288. Liver is widely eaten by preschool children in the Northern Cape province of South Africa: Implications for routine vitamin A supplementation. (Full text)

Liver is widely eaten by preschool children in the Northern Cape province of South Africa: Implications for routine vitamin A supplementation. Previous research has demonstrated a virtual absence of vitamin A deficiency and adequacy of vitamin A intake through consumption of liver in preschool children of a community in the Northern Cape province of South Africa where sheep farming is common, and liver, an exceptionally rich source of vitamin A, is frequently eaten. Only 60-75 g of liver per (...) districts and possibly also vitamin A intake exceeding the Tolerable Upper Intake Level in some children. Routine vitamin A supplementation in this province may not be necessary and should be reconsidered.© 2019 The Authors. Maternal & Child Nutrition published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

2020 Maternal & child nutrition PubMed abstract

289. The impact of civil conflict on infant and child malnutrition, Nigeria, 2013. (Full text)

The impact of civil conflict on infant and child malnutrition, Nigeria, 2013. The new millennium brought renewed attention to improving the health of women and children. In this same period, direct deaths from conflicts have declined worldwide, but civilian deaths associated with conflicts have increased. Nigeria is among the most conflict-prone countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, especially recently with the Boko Haram insurgency in the north. This paper uses two data sources, the 2013 (...) Demographic and Health Survey for Nigeria and the Social Conflict Analysis Database, linked by geocode, to study the effect of these conflicts on infant and young child acute malnutrition (or wasting). We show a strong association in 2013 between living close to a conflict zone and acute malnutrition in Nigerian children, with larger effects for rural children than urban children. This is related to the severity of the conflict, measured both in terms of the number of conflict deaths and the length

2020 Maternal & child nutrition PubMed abstract

290. Understanding feeding practices of Latinx mothers of infants and toddlers at risk for childhood obesity: A qualitative study. (Full text)

Understanding feeding practices of Latinx mothers of infants and toddlers at risk for childhood obesity: A qualitative study. Infancy and toddlerhood are critical stages for the development of habits that can lead to future obesity, and caregivers have an important influence on these habits. We conducted this qualitative semistructured interview study to explore the feeding practices of Latinx mothers of young children who are at risk for childhood obesity in order to identify targets (...) difficulty with transitioning to solid foods and reported desiring to feed their child healthy foods by minimizing juice and giving vegetables. Paediatricians and WIC staff were viewed by mothers as trustworthy sources of nutrition information. Most identified a connection between their child's weight and diet, but many lacked the insight or capacity to change their current practices. The mothers in our study provide insight into factors that may predispose young children to obesity and thus potential

2020 Maternal & child nutrition PubMed abstract

291. Improved sanitation is associated with reduced child stunting amongst Indonesian children under 3 years of age. (Full text)

Improved sanitation is associated with reduced child stunting amongst Indonesian children under 3 years of age. Growing evidence suggests that household sanitation is associated with child nutritional status in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examined whether household access to improved sanitation facilities and sources of drinking water was associated with stunting and anaemia amongst children aged 6-35 months of age in Indonesia. The sample for the analysis comprised 1,450 (...) children aged 6-35 months who participated in the end-line survey of the maternal and young child nutrition security project in Asia, conducted in three selected districts in Indonesia. Logistic regression models were used to determine the association between household sanitation and water source, and stunting and anaemia. Approximately 26% and 56% of children 6-35 months of age were stunted and anaemic, respectively. Children living in a household with improved sanitation facilities had 29% reduced

2020 Maternal & child nutrition PubMed abstract

292. Child feeding in rural northern Ghana: Carer's perceptions of food and their children's diets. (Full text)

Child feeding in rural northern Ghana: Carer's perceptions of food and their children's diets. A child's diet should be composed of appropriate nutrients to achieve optimal nutritional status, and though there is a substantial evidence base for child feeding recommendations, developing countries continue to face challenges regarding optimal child feeding. This paper describes an ethnographic study undertaken in rural northern Ghana to explore community perceptions of what 'counts' as food (...) for children and the impact this had on the nutrients they received. Fifteen households with children under 5 years were purposively selected. In-depth interviews were held with 25 mothers, 7 fathers and 8 grandparents within these households as well as 2 diviners. Participant observations were also undertaken. Findings show that satiety rather than nutrition was the key consideration in adult choices about a child's diet. The community regarded carbohydrate-based meals as food, but considered protein

2020 Maternal & child nutrition PubMed abstract

293. Early Child Development Outcomes of a Randomized Trial Providing 1 Egg Per Day to Children Age 6 to 15 Months in Malawi. (Full text)

Early Child Development Outcomes of a Randomized Trial Providing 1 Egg Per Day to Children Age 6 to 15 Months in Malawi. Eggs are a rich source of nutrients important for brain development, including choline, riboflavin, vitamins B-6 and B-12, folate, zinc, protein, and DHA.Our objective was to evaluate the effect of the consumption of 1 egg per day over a 6-mo period on child development.In the Mazira Project randomized controlled trial, 660 children aged 6-9 mo were randomly allocated (...) that children who were less vulnerable, for example, those with higher household wealth and maternal education, showed positive effects of the intervention. Given multiple hypothesis testing, some findings may have been due to chance.The provision of 1 egg per day had no overall effect on child development in this population of children, however, some benefits may be seen among children in less vulnerable circumstances. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03385252.Copyright © The Author(s

2020 Journal of Nutrition PubMed abstract

294. Canadian Consensus on Female Nutrition: Adolescence, Reproduction, Menopause, and Beyond

the evidence and provide recommendations for the promotion of healthy nutrition and body weight at each life stage. Nutrients of special concern and other considerations unique to each life stage are discussed in each chapter. Evidence Published literature, governmental and health agency reports, clinical practice guidelines, grey literature, and textbook sources were used in supporting the recommendations made in this document. Values The quality of evidence was rated using the criteria described (...) ; First Nations, Inuit, and Métis women; significant blood loss due to menstruation, child birth) should be screened by measuring hemoglobin and serum ferritin. If iron deficiency is identified, oral elemental iron therapy should be initiated and continued for at least 6 months; higher doses are required for women with severe anemia. Iron should be taken with a source of vitamin C. (III-A) Patients with an underlying condition that causes iron deficiency or who do not respond to treatment should

2016 Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada

295. The Effects of Carbohydrate Source on Food Intake, Blood Glucose and Gut Hormone Response in Healthy Children

The Effects of Carbohydrate Source on Food Intake, Blood Glucose and Gut Hormone Response in Healthy Children The Effects of Carbohydrate Source on Food Intake, Blood Glucose and Gut Hormone Response in Healthy Children - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (...) (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. The Effects of Carbohydrate Source on Food Intake, Blood Glucose and Gut Hormone Response in Healthy Children The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02499107 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : July 15, 2015 Last Update

2015 Clinical Trials

296. Telehealth Delivery of Nutritional Counselling for the Management of Chronic Diseases that Require Dietary Changes

of the evidence. J Diabetes Complications [Internet]. 2014 Mar-Apr [cited 2015 Jun 17];28(2):243-51. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3943472 PubMed: PM24332469 Randomized Controlled Trials Alternate Outcomes 41. Powers SW, Stark LJ, Chamberlin LA, Filigno SS, Sullivan SM, Lemanek KL, et al. Behavioral and nutritional treatment for preschool-aged children with cystic fibrosis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr. 2015 May 4;169(5):e150636. PubMed: PM25938655 Alternate (...) or Unclear Population 42. Ahrendt AD, Kattelmann KK, Rector TS, Maddox DA. The effectiveness of telemedicine for weight management in the MOVE! Program. J Rural Health. 2014 Winter;30(1):113-9. PubMed: PM24112223 43. Marinschek S, Dunitz-Scheer M, Pahsini K, Geher B, Scheer P. Weaning children off enteral nutrition by netcoaching versus onsite treatment: a comparative study. J Paediatr Child Health. 2014 Nov;50(11):902-7. PubMed: PM24946136 44. McCarthy MS. A prospective cluster-randomized trial

2015 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

297. Food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County, Kenya (Full text)

Food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County, Kenya HIV and AIDS affect most the productive people, leading to reduced capacity to either produce food or generate income. Children under-fives are the most vulnerable group in the affected households. There exists minimal information on food security status and its effect on nutritional status of children under-fives in households affected by HIV (...) and AIDS. The aim of this study was to assess food security and nutritional status of children under-five in households affected by HIV and AIDS in Kiandutu informal settlement, Kiambu County.A cross-sectional analytical design was used. A formula by Fisher was used to calculate the desired sample size of 286. Systematic random sampling was used to select the children from a list of identified households affected by HIV. A questionnaire was used to collect data. Focus group discussion (FGD) guides were

2016 Journal of health, population, and nutrition PubMed abstract

298. Iodine Nutritional Status of School Children in Nauru 2015 (Full text)

Iodine Nutritional Status of School Children in Nauru 2015 Little is known about iodine nutritional status in island countries in the Pacific Ocean. The primary objective of this study was to report for the first time the iodine nutritional status of people in Nauru. In addition, sources of iodine nutrition (i.e., water and salt) were investigated. A school-based cross-sectional survey of children aged 6-12 years was conducted in three primary schools of Nauru. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC (...) , and three were iodized (iodine content: 15 ppm, 65 ppm, and 68 ppm, respectively). The results indicate that the iodine status in Nauruan school children is adequate. Iodized salt may serve as an important source of iodine nutrition in Nauru.

2016 Nutrients PubMed abstract

299. Allergic diseases among children: nutritional prevention and intervention (Full text)

Allergic diseases among children: nutritional prevention and intervention Allergic diseases comprise a genetically heterogeneous group of chronic, immunomediated diseases. It has been clearly reported that the prevalence of these diseases has been on the rise for the last few decades, but at different rates, in various areas of the world. This paper discusses the epidemiology of allergic diseases among children and their negative impact on affected patients, their families, and societies (...) . Breast-feeding is effective in reducing the risk of asthma, allergic rhinitis, and atopic eczema among children. In addition, breast milk constitutes a major source of support for gut microbe colonization, due to its bifidobacteria and galactooligosaccharide content. The literature lacks consensus in recommending the addition of probiotics to foods for prevention and treatment of allergic diseases, while prebiotics may prove to be effective in reducing atopy in healthy children. There is insufficient

2016 Therapeutics and clinical risk management PubMed abstract

300. Nutritional Deficiencies, the Absence of Information and Caregiver Shortcomings: A Qualitative Analysis of Infant Feeding Practices in Rural China (Full text)

: absence of understanding topics related to infant health and nutrition under caregivers, as well as inadequate sources of information on these topics. Poverty does not appear to constrain child feeding practices.Our results uncover lack of proper knowledge on infant and child nutrition among rural caregivers in China. This situation causes them to fail incorporating micronutrient rich foods in their children's diet. Age-appropriate complementary feeding can stimulate children's physical and cognitive (...) Nutritional Deficiencies, the Absence of Information and Caregiver Shortcomings: A Qualitative Analysis of Infant Feeding Practices in Rural China Development during the first two years of life is critical and has a lasting impact on a child's health. Poor infant and child nutrition can lead to deficiencies in essential micronutrients, which may cause a weakened immune system and lasting effects on children's growth and development. Recent studies in rural Shaanxi Province found an anemia

2016 PloS one PubMed abstract

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