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Infant Nutritional Sources

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1. Fish oil triglycerides (Omegaven) - As a source of calories and fatty acids in pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis

Fish oil triglycerides (Omegaven) - As a source of calories and fatty acids in pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis Drug Approval Package: Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Search FDA Submit search Drug Approval Package: Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) Company: Fresenius Kabi USA LLC Application Number: 210589 Approval Date: 07/27/2018 Persons with disabilities having problems accessing the PDF files below may call

2018 FDA - Drug Approval Package

2. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

also be added to infant formula to reach the desired calorie concentration (typically does not surpass 1 kcal/mL in infancy). In older children, specific dietary prescriptions depend on their underlying liver disease, nutritional status, and the identified macro/micronutrient deficiencies (83). In cases of early satiety or volume/fluid restriction, small but more frequent meals of increased caloric density may be needed (83). If appropriate macro-/micro- nutrient intake cannot be achieved (...) ,inrelationtoserumbilirubinconcentration.J Pediatr 1997;131:700–6. 32. Socha P, Koletzko B, Swiatkowska E, et al. Essential fatty acid metabolism in infants with cholestasis. Acta Paediatr 1998;87: 278–83. 33. Pettei MJ, Daftary S, Levine JJ. Essential fatty acid de?ciency associated with the use of a medium-chain-triglyceride infant formula in pediatric hepatobiliary disease. Am J Clin Nutr 1991; 53:1217–21. 34. Abdel-Ghaffar YT, Amin E, Abdel-Rasheed M, et al. Essential fatty acid status in infants and children with chronic liver

2019 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

3. Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Clinical Practice Guidelines: Joint Recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutritio

. For older children (particularly those older than the age of 8) and adolescents who can communicate more effectively, typical symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation mimic those seen in adults with GERD (11,13–16). Definitions of GER and GERD are therefore blurred for the pediatric population, making it difficult to identify infants and children who genuinely suffer from GERD and to estimate the true prevalence and burden of the problem. Moreover, to date no gold standard diagnostic tool exists (...) for the diagnosis of GERD in infants and children. Despite these limitations, and given the need for definitions, the working group decided to adapt the definition of pediatric GERD as formulated in the 2009 consensus state- ments for all age groups. To date, no other definitions for pediatric GERD have been proposed, and validation studies on this definition have not been performed. In the present guideline, every effort was made to use the terms GER and GERD strictly as defined. GERD is also known

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

4. North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper on the Evaluation and Management for Patients With Very Early-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease

of Immunology and Allergy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA ‡ Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cedar-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA § Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA || Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School (...) in connection with the guidelines or reliance on the information presented. The authors report no conflicts of interest. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002567 Free Take the CME Test Metrics Abstract The rate of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been increasing over the last decade and this increase has occurred most rapidly in the youngest children diagnosed <6 years, known as very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD). These children

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

5. Assuring Quality for Non-hospital based Biologic Infusions in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Clinical Report From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition

and Nutrition, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, the § Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastro- enterology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, the jj Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital, Cleveland, OH, the # Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastro- enterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (...) consideration of the differences in physician practices depending on numerous variables (eg, academic or private practice, geographic Received May 15, 2017; accepted December 22, 2017. From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, the y Center for Pediatric In?ammatory Bowel Disease, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine and Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, the z Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

6. Management of Acute Pancreatitis in the Pediatric Population: A Clinical Report From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Pancreas Committee

Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, the y Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego, CA, the z Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Medical University of South Carolina Children’s Hospital, Charleston, SC, the § Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital, Valhalla, NY, SOCIETY PAPER JPGN Volume 66, Number 1, January 2018 159 Copyright © ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN (...) Medical School, Dallas, TX, the Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Steven & Alexandra Cohen Children’s Medical Center of New York, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, NY, the # Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children’ Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, the Pediatric Gastro- enterology, The Children’s Hospital of New Jersey at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ, the yy Division

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

7. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Full Text available with Trip Pro

Illness ,” “Intensive Care,” and “Critical Care” were searched for relevant citations. To meet our search criteria, these citations had to also be indexed in MeSH folders for “Nutritional Support,” “ Malnutrition ,” “Nutrition Assessment,” “ Energy Intake,” “ Energy Metabolism,” or “Dietary Proteins.” To further restrict citations to our chosen population, the terms were cross-referenced in the MeSH folders for “Pediatrics,” “ Infant ,” “ Child ,” “ Adolescent ,” or “Young Adult.” Alternatively, we (...) Medicine, to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric (> 1 mo and < 18 yr) critically ill patient expected to require a length of stay greater than 2 or 3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2,032 citations were scanned for relevance. The PubMed/Medline search resulted in 960 citations for clinical trials and 925 citations for cohort studies. The EMBASE search

2017 Society of Critical Care Medicine

8. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and Nutrients to Limit with a Focus on Milk and other Dairy Foods in Children 2 to 18 Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and Nutrients to Limit with a Focus on Milk and other Dairy Foods in Children 2 to 18 Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014 Many children are not meeting current nutrient recommendations. The objective of this study was to determine the food sources of energy, nutrients of public health concern, and nutrients to limit with a focus on dairy foods. Twenty-four-hour dietary recall data from children (...) 2⁻5 (n = 1511), 6⁻11 (n = 2193), and 12⁻18 years (n = 2172) participating in NHANES 2011⁻2014 were analyzed. Energy, fiber, calcium, potassium, vitamin D, added sugars, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and sodium intakes were sample-weighted and ranked on percentage contribution to the diet using specific food group intake and disaggregated data for dairy foods. For children 2⁻5, 6⁻11, and 12⁻18 years, milk, sweet bakery products, and sweetened beverages, respectively were the top food sources

2018 Nutrients

9. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 Food sources of nutrients in Mexican children are not well known. To fill the knowledge gap, dietary intake was assessed in 2057 children using a 24-hour dietary recall. All reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 76 food groups. Percent contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was estimated for four age groups: 0-5.9, 6-11.9, 12-23.9 (...) , and 24-47.9 months. Breast milk, infant formula, and cow's milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6-11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were consumed as the top sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top

2017 Nutrients

10. Nutrition: Gardening Interventions to Increase Vegetable Consumption Among Children

Nutrition: Gardening Interventions to Increase Vegetable Consumption Among Children Nutrition: Gardening Interventions | The Community Guide Welcome to The Community Guide! Let us know what you think of the website by completing this . Open Navigation or Search form Search Search The Community Guide You are here » Systematic Review Topic Recommended (sufficient evidence) December 2017 Audience Adolescents and Young Adults Children/Infants Setting Community School Strategy Community Organizing (...) ., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications). Castro DC, Samuels M, Harman AE. Growing Healthy Kids: a community garden-based obesity prevention program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2013;44(3S3):S193-9. Christian MS, Evans CE, Nykaer C, et al. Evaluation of the impact of a school gardening intervention on children’s fruit and vegetable intake: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

2017 Community Preventive Services Task Force

11. Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes (Abstract)

Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes One nutritional intervention advocated to prevent malnutrition among children is lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS). LNS provide a range of vitamins and minerals, but unlike most other micronutrient supplements, LNS also provide energy, protein and essential fatty acids. Alternative recipes and formulations to LNS (...) include fortified blended foods (FBF), which are foods fortified with vitamins and minerals, and micronutrient powders (MNP), which are a combination of vitamins and minerals, OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of preventive LNS given with complementary foods on health, nutrition and developmental outcomes of non-hospitalised infants and children six to 23 months of age, and whether or not they are more effective than other foods (including FBF or MNP).This review did not assess the effects

2019 EvidenceUpdates

12. Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. (Abstract)

Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. Palm oil (PO) is used in infant formulas in order to achieve palmitic acid (PA) levels similar to those in human milk. PA in PO is esterified predominantly at the SN-1,3 position of triacylglycerol (TAG), and infant formulas are now available in which a greater proportion of PA is in the SN-2 position (typical (...) that PO should be avoided as a source of fat in infant formulas for health reasons. Inclusion of high SN-2-palmitate fat blend in infant formulas may have short-term effects on stool consistency but cannot be considered essential.

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

13. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient Full Text available with Trip Pro

for “critical illness,” “intensive care,” and “critical care” were searched for relevant citations. To meet our search criteria, these citations also had to be indexed in MeSH folders for “nutritional support,” “malnutrition,” “nutrition assessment,” “energy intake,” “energy metabolism,” or “dietary proteins.” To further restrict citations to our chosen population, the terms were cross‐referenced in the MeSH folders for “pediatrics,” “infant,” “child,” “adolescent,” or “young adult.” Alternatively, we (...) is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Clinical Guideline Free Access Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Corresponding Author E-mail address: Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Nilesh M. Mehta

2017 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

14. Vaccination Programs: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants & Children (WIC) Settings

of assessment and referral on immunization coverage in the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2003;157:456-62. Bardenheier BH, Yusuf HR, Rosenthal J et al. Factors associated with underimmunization at 3 months of age in four medically underserved areas. Public Health Reports 119(5):479-85. Birkhead GS, LeBaron CW, Parsons P, Grabau JC, Maes E, Barr-Gale L et al. The immunization of children enrolled in the Special (...) to increase childhood immunization rates [comment]. JAMA 1999;281(8):702-3. Hoekstra EJ, LeBaron CW, Megaloeconomou Y et al. Impact of a large-scale immunization initiative in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) [see comment]. JAMA 1998;280(13):1143-7. Hoekstra EJ, LeBaron CW, Johnson PT. Does reminder-recall augment the impact of voucher incentives on immunization rates among inner-city infants enrolled in WIC? Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants

2015 Community Preventive Services Task Force

15. Infant Nutritional Sources

Infant Nutritional Sources Infant Nutritional Sources Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Infant Nutritional Sources (...) Infant Nutritional Sources Aka: Infant Nutritional Sources II. Types: Term Human Breast Milk Calories/Ounce: 18-20 Carbohydrate Source: Lactose (72 g/L) Protein (Casein) Source: Human Milk (1.1 gram/100 cc) Whey to casein ratio: 70:30 : 30 g/L Fat Source: Human Milk Fat (54% fat) Calcium: 400 mg/L Phosphorus: 200 mg/L Renal Solute load: 91 mosm III. Types: Cow's Milk Infant Formula Calories/Ounce: 20 Carbohydrate Source: Lactose (73 g/L) Protein (Casein) Source: Nonfat Cow's Milk Whey to casein ratio

2018 FP Notebook

16. The efficacy of baby-led weaning and Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS on infant growth and nutrition intakes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

The efficacy of baby-led weaning and Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS on infant growth and nutrition intakes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility (...) are used to explore between-study heterogeneity and can provide insight into the relationship between study characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source

2020 PROSPERO

17. Determinants of age-appropriate breastfeeding, dietary diversity, and consumption of animal source foods among Indonesian children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Determinants of age-appropriate breastfeeding, dietary diversity, and consumption of animal source foods among Indonesian children. Global child feeding practices remain suboptimal. In this study, we assess the determinants of age-inappropriate breastfeeding, dietary diversity, and consumption of 3+ types of animal source foods (ASFs) using 11,687 observations from combined data from the Indonesian Demographic Health Survey of 2012 and 2017. We used linear and logistic regression after (...) Indonesia, more children in eastern Indonesia were age-inappropriately breastfed and had lower dietary diversity. The Indonesian government needs to develop programmes to improve child feeding particularly in eastern Indonesia, focusing on improving dietary diversity and ASF consumption in poorer households and on prolonging breastfeeding in richer households. Women's labour force participation should be encouraged, but programmes for working mothers are also needed to support continued breastfeeding

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

18. The State of Knowledge about Nutrition Sources of Vitamin D, Its Role in the Human Body, and Necessity of Supplementation among Parents in Central Poland Full Text available with Trip Pro

The State of Knowledge about Nutrition Sources of Vitamin D, Its Role in the Human Body, and Necessity of Supplementation among Parents in Central Poland The percentage of children with vitamin D deficiency in Poland is alarming. The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge about sources of food and the function of vitamin D, as well as the frequency of its supplementation. A survey was conducted among the parents of children from Central Poland attending primary schools (...) , and a questionnaire containing mainly open-ended questions was used to collect the data. Most mothers knew at least one of the functions of vitamin D in the body but had a low level of knowledge about its dietary sources. Only a small group of respondents supplemented themselves and their children with vitamin D. Statistically significant influences on the level of knowledge about the functions and sources of vitamin D were place of residence (i.e., better knowledge in the countryside) and mothers' level

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

19. Ethnic disparities of beverage consumption in infants and children 0–5 years of age; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ethnic disparities of beverage consumption in infants and children 0–5 years of age; National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011 to 2014 Dietary patterns, including beverage consumption, that are developed during a child's first few years of life have been shown to impact dietary choices made later in life. Authoritative sources provide beverage recommendations for infants and children; however, it is unclear if these guidelines are followed and what, if any, the differences (...) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) for children 0-5 years were analyzed (n = 2445). Beverages were classified as follows; milk, 100% juice, diet beverages, sugar sweetened beverages (SSB), and water.Our results show that regardless of race/ethnicity, dietary recommendation were not always followed. Prior to 6 months, 10% of infants consumed any amount of 100% juice; from 6 to 11 months, 17% of young children were drinking any amount of milk. SSB consumption rapidly increased

2018 Nutrition journal

20. Infant formula and breast milk consumption in the nutritional status of iodine in infants: a systematic review

Infant formula and breast milk consumption in the nutritional status of iodine in infants: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files (...) characteristics (e.g. species, sex or drug class or dose) and effect size. They should be considered hypothesis-generating. Ideally, a threshold describing the number of studies per subgroup required for analysis should be specified. For further guidance please refer to the and to pre-clinical meta-analysis. Example: The following study characteristics will be examined as potential source of heterogeneity: species (stratified per species); sex (stratified per sex); duration of index ischemia (linear); stem

2020 PROSPERO

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