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Infant Nutritional Sources

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1. Fish oil triglycerides (Omegaven) - As a source of calories and fatty acids in pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis

Fish oil triglycerides (Omegaven) - As a source of calories and fatty acids in pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis Drug Approval Package: Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Search FDA Submit search Drug Approval Package: Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) Company: Fresenius Kabi USA LLC Application Number: 210589 Approval Date: 07/27/2018 Persons with disabilities having problems accessing the PDF files below may call

2018 FDA - Drug Approval Package

2. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

also be added to infant formula to reach the desired calorie concentration (typically does not surpass 1 kcal/mL in infancy). In older children, specific dietary prescriptions depend on their underlying liver disease, nutritional status, and the identified macro/micronutrient deficiencies (83). In cases of early satiety or volume/fluid restriction, small but more frequent meals of increased caloric density may be needed (83). If appropriate macro-/micro- nutrient intake cannot be achieved (...) ,inrelationtoserumbilirubinconcentration.J Pediatr 1997;131:700–6. 32. Socha P, Koletzko B, Swiatkowska E, et al. Essential fatty acid metabolism in infants with cholestasis. Acta Paediatr 1998;87: 278–83. 33. Pettei MJ, Daftary S, Levine JJ. Essential fatty acid de?ciency associated with the use of a medium-chain-triglyceride infant formula in pediatric hepatobiliary disease. Am J Clin Nutr 1991; 53:1217–21. 34. Abdel-Ghaffar YT, Amin E, Abdel-Rasheed M, et al. Essential fatty acid status in infants and children with chronic liver

2019 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

3. Pediatric Endoscopy in the Era of Coronavirus Disease 2019: A North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper

that all pediatric Received April 7, 2020; accepted April 8, 2020. From the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the Research and Learning Institutes, Hospital for Sick Children, Depart- ment of Paediatrics and the Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto,Canada,the y SectionofPediatricGastroenterology,Hepatology and Nutrition, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, and the z Department of Pediatrics, Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Medical College (...) ://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/ who-china-joint-mission-on-covid-19-?nal-report.pdf. Accessed April 21, 2020. 22. Wai P, Chiu Y , Ng SC, et al. Practice of endoscopy during COVID-19 pandemic: position statements of the Asian Paci?c Society for Digestive Endoscopy (APSDE-COVID statements). Gut 2020. pii: gutjnl-2020- 321185. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2020-321185 [Epub ahead of print]. 23. Dong Y , Mo X, Hu Y , et al. Epidemiological characteristics of COVID- 19 among children in China. Pediatrics

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

4. Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Clinical Practice Guidelines: Joint Recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutritio

. For older children (particularly those older than the age of 8) and adolescents who can communicate more effectively, typical symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation mimic those seen in adults with GERD (11,13–16). Definitions of GER and GERD are therefore blurred for the pediatric population, making it difficult to identify infants and children who genuinely suffer from GERD and to estimate the true prevalence and burden of the problem. Moreover, to date no gold standard diagnostic tool exists (...) for the diagnosis of GERD in infants and children. Despite these limitations, and given the need for definitions, the working group decided to adapt the definition of pediatric GERD as formulated in the 2009 consensus state- ments for all age groups. To date, no other definitions for pediatric GERD have been proposed, and validation studies on this definition have not been performed. In the present guideline, every effort was made to use the terms GER and GERD strictly as defined. GERD is also known

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

5. North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper on the Evaluation and Management for Patients With Very Early-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease

of Immunology and Allergy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA ‡ Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cedar-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA § Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA || Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School (...) in connection with the guidelines or reliance on the information presented. The authors report no conflicts of interest. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002567 Free Take the CME Test Metrics Abstract The rate of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been increasing over the last decade and this increase has occurred most rapidly in the youngest children diagnosed <6 years, known as very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD). These children

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

6. North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper: Plant-based Milks

source of such nutrients. In this position paper, we provide speci?c recommendations for clinical care, labelling, and needed research relative to PBMs. KeyWords:almondmilk,cashewmilk,childhoodmalnutrition,childhood nutrition, coconut milk, ?ax-seed milk, hemp milk, milk, oat milk, pea milk, plant-based milks, rice milk, soy milk (JPGN 2020;71: 276–281) P arents and caretakers are increasingly feeding infants and young children plant-based ‘‘milk’’ (PBM) alternatives to cow milk (CM) (1–5). In some (...) children, given the high percent of infant nutritional needs met by breast milk or formula. For infants, the milk source in the diet needs to be human milk or an iron-fortified infant formula (15). The specific needs of infants are not further discussed. WHAT IS MILK? The FDA currently defines ‘‘milk’’ and related milk products by the product source and the inherent nutrients provided by bovine milk (16). There appears to be limited consumer recognition of why some CM alternatives meet pediatric

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

7. Assuring Quality for Non-hospital based Biologic Infusions in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Clinical Report From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition

and Nutrition, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, the § Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastro- enterology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, the jj Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital, Cleveland, OH, the # Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastro- enterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (...) consideration of the differences in physician practices depending on numerous variables (eg, academic or private practice, geographic Received May 15, 2017; accepted December 22, 2017. From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, the y Center for Pediatric In?ammatory Bowel Disease, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine and Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, the z Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

8. Management of Acute Pancreatitis in the Pediatric Population: A Clinical Report From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Pancreas Committee

Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, the y Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego, CA, the z Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Medical University of South Carolina Children’s Hospital, Charleston, SC, the § Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital, Valhalla, NY, SOCIETY PAPER JPGN Volume 66, Number 1, January 2018 159 Copyright © ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN (...) Medical School, Dallas, TX, the Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Steven & Alexandra Cohen Children’s Medical Center of New York, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, NY, the # Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children’ Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, the Pediatric Gastro- enterology, The Children’s Hospital of New Jersey at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ, the yy Division

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

9. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Full Text available with Trip Pro

Illness ,” “Intensive Care,” and “Critical Care” were searched for relevant citations. To meet our search criteria, these citations had to also be indexed in MeSH folders for “Nutritional Support,” “ Malnutrition ,” “Nutrition Assessment,” “ Energy Intake,” “ Energy Metabolism,” or “Dietary Proteins.” To further restrict citations to our chosen population, the terms were cross-referenced in the MeSH folders for “Pediatrics,” “ Infant ,” “ Child ,” “ Adolescent ,” or “Young Adult.” Alternatively, we (...) Medicine, to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric (> 1 mo and < 18 yr) critically ill patient expected to require a length of stay greater than 2 or 3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2,032 citations were scanned for relevance. The PubMed/Medline search resulted in 960 citations for clinical trials and 925 citations for cohort studies. The EMBASE search

2017 Society of Critical Care Medicine

10. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and Nutrients to Limit with a Focus on Milk and other Dairy Foods in Children 2 to 18 Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and Nutrients to Limit with a Focus on Milk and other Dairy Foods in Children 2 to 18 Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014 Many children are not meeting current nutrient recommendations. The objective of this study was to determine the food sources of energy, nutrients of public health concern, and nutrients to limit with a focus on dairy foods. Twenty-four-hour dietary recall data from children (...) 2⁻5 (n = 1511), 6⁻11 (n = 2193), and 12⁻18 years (n = 2172) participating in NHANES 2011⁻2014 were analyzed. Energy, fiber, calcium, potassium, vitamin D, added sugars, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and sodium intakes were sample-weighted and ranked on percentage contribution to the diet using specific food group intake and disaggregated data for dairy foods. For children 2⁻5, 6⁻11, and 12⁻18 years, milk, sweet bakery products, and sweetened beverages, respectively were the top food sources

2018 Nutrients

11. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 Food sources of nutrients in Mexican children are not well known. To fill the knowledge gap, dietary intake was assessed in 2057 children using a 24-hour dietary recall. All reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 76 food groups. Percent contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was estimated for four age groups: 0-5.9, 6-11.9, 12-23.9 (...) , and 24-47.9 months. Breast milk, infant formula, and cow's milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6-11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were consumed as the top sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top

2017 Nutrients

12. Nutrition: Gardening Interventions to Increase Vegetable Consumption Among Children

Nutrition: Gardening Interventions to Increase Vegetable Consumption Among Children Nutrition: Gardening Interventions | The Community Guide Welcome to The Community Guide! Let us know what you think of the website by completing this . Open Navigation or Search form Search Search The Community Guide You are here » Systematic Review Topic Recommended (sufficient evidence) December 2017 Audience Adolescents and Young Adults Children/Infants Setting Community School Strategy Community Organizing (...) ., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications). Castro DC, Samuels M, Harman AE. Growing Healthy Kids: a community garden-based obesity prevention program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2013;44(3S3):S193-9. Christian MS, Evans CE, Nykaer C, et al. Evaluation of the impact of a school gardening intervention on children’s fruit and vegetable intake: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

2017 Community Preventive Services Task Force

13. Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes (Abstract)

Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes One nutritional intervention advocated to prevent malnutrition among children is lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS). LNS provide a range of vitamins and minerals, but unlike most other micronutrient supplements, LNS also provide energy, protein and essential fatty acids. Alternative recipes and formulations to LNS (...) include fortified blended foods (FBF), which are foods fortified with vitamins and minerals, and micronutrient powders (MNP), which are a combination of vitamins and minerals, OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of preventive LNS given with complementary foods on health, nutrition and developmental outcomes of non-hospitalised infants and children six to 23 months of age, and whether or not they are more effective than other foods (including FBF or MNP).This review did not assess the effects

2019 EvidenceUpdates

14. Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. (Abstract)

Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. Palm oil (PO) is used in infant formulas in order to achieve palmitic acid (PA) levels similar to those in human milk. PA in PO is esterified predominantly at the SN-1,3 position of triacylglycerol (TAG), and infant formulas are now available in which a greater proportion of PA is in the SN-2 position (typical (...) that PO should be avoided as a source of fat in infant formulas for health reasons. Inclusion of high SN-2-palmitate fat blend in infant formulas may have short-term effects on stool consistency but cannot be considered essential.

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

15. Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK. PMID: 32675552 DOI: Item in Clipboard Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature Sarah Braungart et al. Ann Surg . 2020 Aug . Show details Ann Surg Actions . 2020 Aug;272(2):377-383. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003128. Authors , Affiliation 1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Royal Manchester Children's (...) Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get

2020 EvidenceUpdates

16. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient Full Text available with Trip Pro

for “critical illness,” “intensive care,” and “critical care” were searched for relevant citations. To meet our search criteria, these citations also had to be indexed in MeSH folders for “nutritional support,” “malnutrition,” “nutrition assessment,” “energy intake,” “energy metabolism,” or “dietary proteins.” To further restrict citations to our chosen population, the terms were cross‐referenced in the MeSH folders for “pediatrics,” “infant,” “child,” “adolescent,” or “young adult.” Alternatively, we (...) is unavailable due to technical difficulties. Clinical Guideline Free Access Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Corresponding Author E-mail address: Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA Nilesh M. Mehta

2017 American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

17. Vaccination Programs: Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants & Children (WIC) Settings

of assessment and referral on immunization coverage in the special supplemental nutrition program for women, infants, and children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2003;157:456-62. Bardenheier BH, Yusuf HR, Rosenthal J et al. Factors associated with underimmunization at 3 months of age in four medically underserved areas. Public Health Reports 119(5):479-85. Birkhead GS, LeBaron CW, Parsons P, Grabau JC, Maes E, Barr-Gale L et al. The immunization of children enrolled in the Special (...) to increase childhood immunization rates [comment]. JAMA 1999;281(8):702-3. Hoekstra EJ, LeBaron CW, Megaloeconomou Y et al. Impact of a large-scale immunization initiative in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) [see comment]. JAMA 1998;280(13):1143-7. Hoekstra EJ, LeBaron CW, Johnson PT. Does reminder-recall augment the impact of voucher incentives on immunization rates among inner-city infants enrolled in WIC? Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants

2015 Community Preventive Services Task Force

18. Effects of preventive nutrition interventions among adolescents on health and nutritional status in low? and middle?income countries Full Text available with Trip Pro

Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Department of Pediatrics, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada Corresponding Author E-mail address: Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan Correspondence Rehana (...) system components using the World Health Organisation (WHO) health system building blocks framework (WHO, ). This will aid the understanding of how these areas are utilised in planning and delivering equitable and contextually appropriate nutrition interventions for adolescents. 2.4 Why it is important to do this review Malnutrition is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality among children and adolescent population worldwide (UNICEF, ); half of the global child mortality

2020 Campbell Collaboration

19. Infant Nutritional Sources

Infant Nutritional Sources Infant Nutritional Sources Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Infant Nutritional Sources (...) Infant Nutritional Sources Aka: Infant Nutritional Sources II. Types: Term Human Breast Milk Calories/Ounce: 18-20 Carbohydrate Source: Lactose (72 g/L) Protein (Casein) Source: Human Milk (1.1 gram/100 cc) Whey to casein ratio: 70:30 : 30 g/L Fat Source: Human Milk Fat (54% fat) Calcium: 400 mg/L Phosphorus: 200 mg/L Renal Solute load: 91 mosm III. Types: Cow's Milk Infant Formula Calories/Ounce: 20 Carbohydrate Source: Lactose (73 g/L) Protein (Casein) Source: Nonfat Cow's Milk Whey to casein ratio

2018 FP Notebook

20. Nutrition screening and use of oral nutrition support for adults in the acute care setting

, intensive care units, liver units. • Treatment of eating disorders. • Treatment of inborn errors of metabolism. • Treatment of obesity. • Patients admitted to a children’s ward/hospital (under 16 years of age). • Specialised care specific to pregnancy. • Nutrition screening or nutrition support in the community. • Enteral tube feeding. • Parenteral nutrition. • Day patients, outpatients, or patients who are admitted as a day admission that are not expected to stay overnight. This National Clinical (...) nutrition support guideline search 21 9 Categories of malnutrition 26 10 Framework components considered essential for different healthcare staff key to implementation 63 11 Summary of budget impact 68 12 GDG subgroups 72 13 Joint Steering and Clinical Advisory Group members 73 14 Guideline search strategy (2006-2017) - sources searched 81 15 Guideline search strategy (2017-2018) - sources searched and guidelines (new or updated) identified 83 16 Guidelines screened and accepted by GDG 90 17 Level

2020 National Clinical Guidelines (Ireland)

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