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Infant Nutritional Sources

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1. Fish oil triglycerides (Omegaven) - As a source of calories and fatty acids in pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis

Fish oil triglycerides (Omegaven) - As a source of calories and fatty acids in pediatric patients with parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis Drug Approval Package: Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Search FDA Submit search Drug Approval Package: Omegaven (fish oil triglycerides) Company: Fresenius Kabi USA LLC Application Number: 210589 Approval Date: 07/27/2018 Persons with disabilities having problems accessing the PDF files below may call

2018 FDA - Drug Approval Package

2. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

also be added to infant formula to reach the desired calorie concentration (typically does not surpass 1 kcal/mL in infancy). In older children, specific dietary prescriptions depend on their underlying liver disease, nutritional status, and the identified macro/micronutrient deficiencies (83). In cases of early satiety or volume/fluid restriction, small but more frequent meals of increased caloric density may be needed (83). If appropriate macro-/micro- nutrient intake cannot be achieved (...) ,inrelationtoserumbilirubinconcentration.J Pediatr 1997;131:700–6. 32. Socha P, Koletzko B, Swiatkowska E, et al. Essential fatty acid metabolism in infants with cholestasis. Acta Paediatr 1998;87: 278–83. 33. Pettei MJ, Daftary S, Levine JJ. Essential fatty acid de?ciency associated with the use of a medium-chain-triglyceride infant formula in pediatric hepatobiliary disease. Am J Clin Nutr 1991; 53:1217–21. 34. Abdel-Ghaffar YT, Amin E, Abdel-Rasheed M, et al. Essential fatty acid status in infants and children with chronic liver

2019 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

3. Agricultural and nutritional education interventions for reducing aflatoxin exposure to improve infant and child growth in low- and middle-income countries. (Abstract)

Agricultural and nutritional education interventions for reducing aflatoxin exposure to improve infant and child growth in low- and middle-income countries. Aflatoxins are carcinogenic mycotoxins that contaminate many food crops. Maize and groundnuts are prone to aflatoxin contamination, and are the major sources of human exposure to aflatoxins, due to their high intake as staple foods, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Observational studies suggest an association (...) between dietary exposure to aflatoxins during pregnancy and early childhood and linear growth in infants and young children.To assess the effects on pre- and postnatal growth outcomes when agricultural and nutritional education interventions during the post-harvest period that aim to reduce aflatoxin exposure are compared to usual support or no intervention. We assessed this in infants, children, and pregnant and lactating women at the household or community level in LMICs.In July and August 2019, we

2020 Cochrane

4. Pediatric Endoscopy in the Era of Coronavirus Disease 2019: A North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper

that all pediatric Received April 7, 2020; accepted April 8, 2020. From the Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the Research and Learning Institutes, Hospital for Sick Children, Depart- ment of Paediatrics and the Wilson Centre, University of Toronto, Toronto,Canada,the y SectionofPediatricGastroenterology,Hepatology and Nutrition, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, and the z Department of Pediatrics, Section of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Medical College (...) ://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/ who-china-joint-mission-on-covid-19-?nal-report.pdf. Accessed April 21, 2020. 22. Wai P, Chiu Y , Ng SC, et al. Practice of endoscopy during COVID-19 pandemic: position statements of the Asian Paci?c Society for Digestive Endoscopy (APSDE-COVID statements). Gut 2020. pii: gutjnl-2020- 321185. doi: 10.1136/gutjnl-2020-321185 [Epub ahead of print]. 23. Dong Y , Mo X, Hu Y , et al. Epidemiological characteristics of COVID- 19 among children in China. Pediatrics

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

5. Pediatric Gastroesophageal Reflux Clinical Practice Guidelines: Joint Recommendations of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutritio

. For older children (particularly those older than the age of 8) and adolescents who can communicate more effectively, typical symptoms such as heartburn and regurgitation mimic those seen in adults with GERD (11,13–16). Definitions of GER and GERD are therefore blurred for the pediatric population, making it difficult to identify infants and children who genuinely suffer from GERD and to estimate the true prevalence and burden of the problem. Moreover, to date no gold standard diagnostic tool exists (...) for the diagnosis of GERD in infants and children. Despite these limitations, and given the need for definitions, the working group decided to adapt the definition of pediatric GERD as formulated in the 2009 consensus state- ments for all age groups. To date, no other definitions for pediatric GERD have been proposed, and validation studies on this definition have not been performed. In the present guideline, every effort was made to use the terms GER and GERD strictly as defined. GERD is also known

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

6. North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper: Plant-based Milks

source of such nutrients. In this position paper, we provide speci?c recommendations for clinical care, labelling, and needed research relative to PBMs. KeyWords:almondmilk,cashewmilk,childhoodmalnutrition,childhood nutrition, coconut milk, ?ax-seed milk, hemp milk, milk, oat milk, pea milk, plant-based milks, rice milk, soy milk (JPGN 2020;71: 276–281) P arents and caretakers are increasingly feeding infants and young children plant-based ‘‘milk’’ (PBM) alternatives to cow milk (CM) (1–5). In some (...) children, given the high percent of infant nutritional needs met by breast milk or formula. For infants, the milk source in the diet needs to be human milk or an iron-fortified infant formula (15). The specific needs of infants are not further discussed. WHAT IS MILK? The FDA currently defines ‘‘milk’’ and related milk products by the product source and the inherent nutrients provided by bovine milk (16). There appears to be limited consumer recognition of why some CM alternatives meet pediatric

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

7. North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Position Paper on the Evaluation and Management for Patients With Very Early-onset Inflammatory Bowel Disease

of Immunology and Allergy, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA ‡ Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Cedar-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA § Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Pediatrics, Seattle Children's Hospital, University of Washington, Seattle, WA || Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition, Boston Children's Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, Harvard Medical School (...) in connection with the guidelines or reliance on the information presented. The authors report no conflicts of interest. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002567 Free Take the CME Test Metrics Abstract The rate of pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been increasing over the last decade and this increase has occurred most rapidly in the youngest children diagnosed <6 years, known as very early-onset inflammatory bowel disease (VEO-IBD). These children

2020 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

8. Assuring Quality for Non-hospital based Biologic Infusions in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Clinical Report From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition

and Nutrition, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, the § Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastro- enterology, Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA, the jj Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY, the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Rainbow Babies and Children’s Hospital, Cleveland, OH, the # Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Gastro- enterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (...) consideration of the differences in physician practices depending on numerous variables (eg, academic or private practice, geographic Received May 15, 2017; accepted December 22, 2017. From the Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, the y Center for Pediatric In?ammatory Bowel Disease, University of Colorado Denver School of Medicine and Children’s Hospital Colorado, Aurora, CO, the z Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

9. Management of Acute Pancreatitis in the Pediatric Population: A Clinical Report From the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition Pancreas Committee

Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, the y Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Rady Children’s Hospital, San Diego, CA, the z Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Medical University of South Carolina Children’s Hospital, Charleston, SC, the § Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Maria Fareri Children’s Hospital, Valhalla, NY, SOCIETY PAPER JPGN Volume 66, Number 1, January 2018 159 Copyright © ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN (...) Medical School, Dallas, TX, the Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Steven & Alexandra Cohen Children’s Medical Center of New York, Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hempstead, NY, the # Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children’ Hospital of Pittsburgh, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, the Pediatric Gastro- enterology, The Children’s Hospital of New Jersey at Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, Newark, NJ, the yy Division

2018 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

10. Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Pediatric Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Full Text available with Trip Pro

Illness ,” “Intensive Care,” and “Critical Care” were searched for relevant citations. To meet our search criteria, these citations had to also be indexed in MeSH folders for “Nutritional Support,” “ Malnutrition ,” “Nutrition Assessment,” “ Energy Intake,” “ Energy Metabolism,” or “Dietary Proteins.” To further restrict citations to our chosen population, the terms were cross-referenced in the MeSH folders for “Pediatrics,” “ Infant ,” “ Child ,” “ Adolescent ,” or “Young Adult.” Alternatively, we (...) Medicine, to describe best practices in nutrition therapy in critically ill children. The target of these guidelines is intended to be the pediatric (> 1 mo and < 18 yr) critically ill patient expected to require a length of stay greater than 2 or 3 days in a PICU admitting medical, surgical, and cardiac patients. In total, 2,032 citations were scanned for relevance. The PubMed/Medline search resulted in 960 citations for clinical trials and 925 citations for cohort studies. The EMBASE search

2017 Society of Critical Care Medicine

11. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and Nutrients to Limit with a Focus on Milk and other Dairy Foods in Children 2 to 18 Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients of Public Health Concern and Nutrients to Limit with a Focus on Milk and other Dairy Foods in Children 2 to 18 Years of Age: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011–2014 Many children are not meeting current nutrient recommendations. The objective of this study was to determine the food sources of energy, nutrients of public health concern, and nutrients to limit with a focus on dairy foods. Twenty-four-hour dietary recall data from children (...) 2⁻5 (n = 1511), 6⁻11 (n = 2193), and 12⁻18 years (n = 2172) participating in NHANES 2011⁻2014 were analyzed. Energy, fiber, calcium, potassium, vitamin D, added sugars, saturated fatty acids (SFA), and sodium intakes were sample-weighted and ranked on percentage contribution to the diet using specific food group intake and disaggregated data for dairy foods. For children 2⁻5, 6⁻11, and 12⁻18 years, milk, sweet bakery products, and sweetened beverages, respectively were the top food sources

2018 Nutrients

12. Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients in Infants, Toddlers, and Young Children from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012 Food sources of nutrients in Mexican children are not well known. To fill the knowledge gap, dietary intake was assessed in 2057 children using a 24-hour dietary recall. All reported foods and beverages were assigned to one of 76 food groups. Percent contribution of each food group to nutrient intake was estimated for four age groups: 0-5.9, 6-11.9, 12-23.9 (...) , and 24-47.9 months. Breast milk, infant formula, and cow's milk were the top sources of energy and nutrients, especially in younger groups. Among infants aged 6-11.9 months, the top food sources of energy included soups and stews, cookies, fruit, tortillas, eggs and egg dishes, and traditional beverages. The same foods plus sweetened breads, dried beans, and sandwiches and tortas were consumed as the top sources of energy among toddlers and young children. Milk, soups, and stews were the top

2017 Nutrients

13. Nutrition: Gardening Interventions to Increase Vegetable Consumption Among Children

Nutrition: Gardening Interventions to Increase Vegetable Consumption Among Children Nutrition: Gardening Interventions | The Community Guide Welcome to The Community Guide! Let us know what you think of the website by completing this . Open Navigation or Search form Search Search The Community Guide You are here » Systematic Review Topic Recommended (sufficient evidence) December 2017 Audience Adolescents and Young Adults Children/Infants Setting Community School Strategy Community Organizing (...) ., a publication may include several studies or one study may be explained in several publications). Castro DC, Samuels M, Harman AE. Growing Healthy Kids: a community garden-based obesity prevention program. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2013;44(3S3):S193-9. Christian MS, Evans CE, Nykaer C, et al. Evaluation of the impact of a school gardening intervention on children’s fruit and vegetable intake: a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

2017 Community Preventive Services Task Force

14. Men's nutrition knowledge is important for women's and children's nutrition in Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Men's nutrition knowledge is important for women's and children's nutrition in Ethiopia. In an effort to address undernutrition among women and children in rural areas of low-income countries, nutrition-sensitive agriculture (NSA) and behaviour change communication (BCC) projects heavily focus on women as an entry point to effect nutritional outcomes. There is limited evidence on the role of men's contribution in improving household diets. In this Agriculture to Nutrition trial (...) (Clinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT03152227), we explored associations between men's and women's nutritional knowledge on households', children's and women's dietary diversity. At the midline evaluation conducted in July 2017, FAO's nutrition knowledge questionnaire was administered to male and female partners in 1396 households. There was a high degree of agreement (88%) on knowledge about exclusive breastfeeding between parents; however, only 56-66% of the households had agreement when comparing knowledge

2020 Maternal & child nutrition

15. Association of nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene practices with children's nutritional status, intestinal parasitic infections and diarrhoea in rural Nepal: a cross-sectional study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

associated with cleanliness of the toilet (AOR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.47-0.98), and the cleanliness of children's hands (AOR = 0.62, 95% CI = 0.40-0.96).Our study found, more than half of the survey children were in a critical health condition. Results suggest that child health improvements are dependent on multiple public health improvements, including providing better nutrition, promoting adequate hygiene behaviour, such as handwashing, keeping the latrines clean, keeping the household environment free (...) Association of nutrition, water, sanitation and hygiene practices with children's nutritional status, intestinal parasitic infections and diarrhoea in rural Nepal: a cross-sectional study. Providing universal access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in remote Nepal remains challenging. We investigated WASH conditions and their association with children's nutritional status, intestinal parasitic infections and diarrhoea.Data was collected through a cross-sectional survey of 1427

2020 BMC Public Health

16. Healthy Beverage Consumption in Early Childhood: Recommendations from Key National Health and Nutrition Organizations: Summary of Oral Health Considerations

. Significant differences in beverage intake by race/ethnicity and income groups in early childhood have been noted. Leading medical and nutrition organizations recommend breast milk, infant formula, water, and plain milk as part of beverage guidelines for children under age five. They caution against beverages that are sources of added sugars in young children’s diets, including flavored milks (e.g., chocolate, strawberry) and sugary and low-calorie sweetened beverages. In addition, they advise against (...) Healthy Beverage Consumption in Early Childhood: Recommendations from Key National Health and Nutrition Organizations: Summary of Oral Health Considerations THE REFERENCE MANUAL OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY 499 ENDORSEMENTS: HEALTHY BEVERAGES The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry ( AAPD), in its efforts to promote optimal health for children, supports the 2019 technical report and consensus statement on beverage consumption by young children (aged 0-5 years). These guide - lines were developed

2019 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

17. Infant Rhesus Macaque Brain α-Tocopherol Stereoisomer Profile Is Differentially Impacted by the Source of α-Tocopherol in Infant Formula. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infant Rhesus Macaque Brain α-Tocopherol Stereoisomer Profile Is Differentially Impacted by the Source of α-Tocopherol in Infant Formula. α-Tocopherol (αT) in its natural form [2'R, 4'R, 8'R αT (RRR-αT)] is more bioactive than synthetic α-tocopherol (all rac-αT). All rac-αT is widely used in infant formulas, but its accretion in formula-fed infant brain is unknown.We sought to compare αT and stereoisomer status in infant rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta) fed infant formula (RRR-αT or all rac-αT (...) -CEHC was 3 times higher in the NAT-F than in the MF group (P < 0.01).Consumption of infant formulas with natural (NAT-F) compared with synthetic (SYN-F) αT differentially impacted brain αT stereoisomer profiles in infant rhesus macaques. Future studies should assess the functional implications of αT stereoisomer profiles on brain health.Copyright © The Author(s) on behalf of the American Society for Nutrition 2020.

2020 Journal of Nutrition

18. Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes (Abstract)

Preventive lipid-based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes One nutritional intervention advocated to prevent malnutrition among children is lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS). LNS provide a range of vitamins and minerals, but unlike most other micronutrient supplements, LNS also provide energy, protein and essential fatty acids. Alternative recipes and formulations to LNS (...) include fortified blended foods (FBF), which are foods fortified with vitamins and minerals, and micronutrient powders (MNP), which are a combination of vitamins and minerals, OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects and safety of preventive LNS given with complementary foods on health, nutrition and developmental outcomes of non-hospitalised infants and children six to 23 months of age, and whether or not they are more effective than other foods (including FBF or MNP).This review did not assess the effects

2019 EvidenceUpdates

19. Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. (Abstract)

Palm Oil and Beta-palmitate in Infant Formula: A Position Paper by the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) Committee on Nutrition. Palm oil (PO) is used in infant formulas in order to achieve palmitic acid (PA) levels similar to those in human milk. PA in PO is esterified predominantly at the SN-1,3 position of triacylglycerol (TAG), and infant formulas are now available in which a greater proportion of PA is in the SN-2 position (typical (...) that PO should be avoided as a source of fat in infant formulas for health reasons. Inclusion of high SN-2-palmitate fat blend in infant formulas may have short-term effects on stool consistency but cannot be considered essential.

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

20. Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Department of Paediatric Surgery, Royal Manchester Children's Hospital, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, UK. PMID: 32675552 DOI: Item in Clipboard Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature Sarah Braungart et al. Ann Surg . 2020 Aug . Show details Ann Surg Actions . 2020 Aug;272(2):377-383. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000003128. Authors , Affiliation 1 Department of Paediatric Surgery, Royal Manchester Children's (...) Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature Early Enteral Nutrition Following Gastrointestinal Surgery in Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature - PubMed This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Get

2020 EvidenceUpdates

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