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Infant Feeding

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121. Women's autonomy and men's involvement in child care and feeding as predictors of infant and young child anthropometric indices in coffee farming households of Jimma Zone, South West of Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Women's autonomy and men's involvement in child care and feeding as predictors of infant and young child anthropometric indices in coffee farming households of Jimma Zone, South West of Ethiopia. Most of child mortality and under nutrition in developing world were attributed to suboptimal childcare and feeding, which needs detailed investigation beyond the proximal factors. This study was conducted with the aim of assessing associations of women's autonomy and men's involvement with child (...) anthropometric indices in cash crop livelihood areas of South West Ethiopia.Multi-stage stratified sampling was used to select 749 farming households living in three coffee producing sub-districts of Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Domains of women's Autonomy were measured by a tool adapted from demographic health survey. A model for determination of paternal involvement in childcare was employed. Caring practices were assessed through the WHO Infant and young child feeding practice core indicators. Length and weight

2017 PLoS ONE

122. Earlier ingestion of peanut after changes to infant feeding guidelines: The EarlyNuts study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Earlier ingestion of peanut after changes to infant feeding guidelines: The EarlyNuts study. Randomized controlled trials demonstrate that timely introduction of peanut to infants reduces the risk of peanut allergy. However, much debate remains regarding how to best achieve earlier peanut introduction at the population level. Our previous study in 2007-2011 (HealthNuts, n = 5300) indicated that few infants were consuming peanut in the first year. Australian infant feeding guidelines were (...) updated in 2016 to recommend introducing peanut before 12 months for all infants. There were no data available on the subsequent effect on peanut introduction or peanut reactions.We sought to assess the consequences of a nonscreening approach to allergenic food introduction in a population-based sample of infants in their first year of life.EarlyNuts is a population-based, cross-sectional study of 12-month-old infants in Melbourne, Australia, recruited by using an identical sampling frame and methods

2019 Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

123. Prelacteal and early formula feeding increase risk of infant hospitalisation: a prospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prelacteal and early formula feeding increase risk of infant hospitalisation: a prospective cohort study. To ascertain the relationship between prelacteal feeding, early formula feeding and adverse health outcomes, especially hospitalisation during the first year of life.Multicentre prospective cohort study.Six hospitals across three cities in Vietnam.A total of 2030 pregnant women were recruited at 24-28 weeks of gestation and followed up at hospital discharge, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post (...) partum.Rates of infant hospitalisation, diarrhoea and lower respiratory tract infection during the first 12 months.For the final complete sample (n=1709, 84%), about one-quarter of the infants experienced diarrhoea (25.5%) or were admitted to hospital with at least one episode (24.8%), and almost half (47.6%) the cohort contracted lower respiratory tract infection by 12 months. The prevalence of prelacteal feeding was high (56.5%) while formula feeding was common (79.5%) before hospital discharge, both

2019 Archives of Disease in Childhood

124. Preterm Infants May Better Tolerate Feeds at Temperatures Closer to Freshly Expressed Breast Milk: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (Abstract)

Preterm Infants May Better Tolerate Feeds at Temperatures Closer to Freshly Expressed Breast Milk: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Feeding intolerance is one of the most frequent problems among preterm infants. These infants are fed with expressed breast milk or preterm formulas of which the temperature is not routinely measured. In this study, we aimed to examine the effects of feeds with warm milk versus room temperature milk in preterm infants.Infants with a birth weight ≤1,500 g (...) or gestational age ≤34 weeks were included in the study and assigned to two different feeding temperature groups (22-24°C and 32-34°C). Some infants in both groups were exclusively breast milk-fed, and some received breast milk and artificial milk (mixed feeding). Feeding tolerance of infants in both groups and the consequences were evaluated.In total, 80 preterm infants (group 1 fed with milk at 22-24°C, n = 40; group 2 fed with milk at 32-34°C, n = 40) were prospectively included in the study

2019 Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

125. Effect of a Multi-Site Trial using Short Message Service (SMS) on Infant Feeding Practices and Weight Gain in Low-Income Minorities. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of a Multi-Site Trial using Short Message Service (SMS) on Infant Feeding Practices and Weight Gain in Low-Income Minorities. To test the effects of weekly SMS for improving infant feeding practices and infant weight.This was a multi-site randomized clinical trial in a convenience sample of 202 caregivers of healthy term infants 0-2 months participating in the WIC program in Puerto Rico and Hawaii. Participants were randomized to receive SMS about infant's general health issues (control (...) ) or SMS for improving feeding practices (intervention) for four months. Weight, length and infant feeding practices were assessed at baseline and four months later.A total of 170 participants completed the study (n = 86 control and n = 84 intervention). Baseline characteristics were similar between groups. At the end, exclusive breastfeeding rates were similar between groups (67.4% control and 59.1% intervention). Introduction of other foods and beverages, addition of foods to the bottle, placing

2019 Journal of the American College of Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

126. Maternal Factors and the Utilization of Maternal Care Services Associated with Infant Feeding Practices among Mothers in Rural Southern Nepal. Full Text available with Trip Pro

2015-2016 were analyzed. A total of 426 pregnant women in their second trimester were recruited from the MATRI-SUMAN trial, which was conducted on six villages in rural areas of the Dhanusha district, Nepal. A total of 379 mothers that had ever breastfed their infants, and followed for at least seven months after birth were included in the analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify independent risk factors associated with child feeding practices after controlling (...) Maternal Factors and the Utilization of Maternal Care Services Associated with Infant Feeding Practices among Mothers in Rural Southern Nepal. This study aimed to investigate the maternal factors and utilization of maternal care services associated with infant feeding practices in rural areas of Southern Nepal. Data from a cluster randomized controlled trial 'MATRI-SUMAN'(Maternal Alliance for Technological Research Initiative on Service Utilization and Maternal Nutrition) conducted between

2019 International journal of environmental research and public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

127. A Randomized Feeding Trial of Iron-Biofortified Beans on School Children in Mexico. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Randomized Feeding Trial of Iron-Biofortified Beans on School Children in Mexico. Iron deficiency is a major public health problem worldwide, with the highest burden among children. The objective of this randomized efficacy feeding trial was to determine the effects of consuming iron-biofortified beans (Fe-Beans) on the iron status in children, compared to control beans (Control-Beans). A cluster-randomized trial of biofortified beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L), bred to enhance iron content (...) -Beans group that completed the follow-up. At baseline, 17.8% of the children were anemic and 11.3% were iron deficient (15.9%, BRINDA-adjusted). A total of 6.3% of children had elevated CRP (>5.0 mg/L), and 11.6% had elevated AGP (>1.0 g/L) concentrations at baseline. During the 104 days when feeding was monitored, the total mean individual iron intake from the study beans (Fe-bean group) was 504 mg (IQR: 352, 616) over 68 mean feeding days, and 295 mg (IQR: 197, 341) over 67 mean feeding days

2019 Nutrients Controlled trial quality: predicted high

128. Re: "Preterm Infants May Better Tolerate Feeds at Temperatures Closer to Freshly Expressed Breast Milk: A Randomized Controlled Trial" ( (Abstract)

Re: "Preterm Infants May Better Tolerate Feeds at Temperatures Closer to Freshly Expressed Breast Milk: A Randomized Controlled Trial" ( 31219337 2019 11 19 2019 11 19 1556-8342 14 7 2019 09 Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Breastfeed Med Re: "Preterm Infants May Better Tolerate Feeds at Temperatures Closer to Freshly Expressed Breast Milk: A Randomized Controlled Trial" ( Breastfeed Med 2019;14(3):154-158). 515-516 10.1089/bfm.2019.0114 (...) 1556-8253 IM Breastfeed Med. 2019 Apr;14(3):154-158 30720333 Breastfeed Med. 2019 Sep;14(7):516 31329465 Bottle Feeding Breast Feeding Female Humans Infant Infant, Newborn Infant, Premature Milk, Human Temperature 2019 6 21 6 0 2019 11 20 6 0 2019 6 21 6 0 ppublish 31219337 10.1089/bfm.2019.0114

2019 Breastfeeding medicine : the official journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

129. Early Premature Infant Oral Motor Intervention Improved Oral Feeding and Prognosis by Promoting Neurodevelopment. (Abstract)

Early Premature Infant Oral Motor Intervention Improved Oral Feeding and Prognosis by Promoting Neurodevelopment.  To explore the clinical significance of early premature infant oral motor intervention (PIOMI) in the prognosis of premature infants. Infants were randomly divided into an intervention group (n = 78) and a control group (n = 73). PIOMI was given to the intervention group 15 to 30 minutes before feeding once a day for 14 days. The whole procedure lasted 15 minutes, including oral (...) stimulation and nonnutritive sucking. Oral feeding ability and neuromotor development were evaluated using the Preterm Infant Oral Feeding Readiness Assessment (PIOFRA) scale and Infant Neurological International Battery (Infanib) scale. The PIOFRA score was higher in the intervention group and increased with time, showing a group-time interaction effect. The intervention group exhibited a higher feeding efficiency, a shorter transition time from assisted oral feeding to independent oral feeding

2019 American journal of perinatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

130. Hypoallergenic and anti-inflammatory feeds in children with complicated severe acute malnutrition: an open randomised controlled 3-arm intervention trial in Malawi. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hypoallergenic and anti-inflammatory feeds in children with complicated severe acute malnutrition: an open randomised controlled 3-arm intervention trial in Malawi. Intestinal pathology in children with complicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) persists despite standard management. Given the similarity with intestinal pathology in non-IgE mediated gastrointestinal food allergy and Crohn's disease, we tested whether therapeutic feeds effective in treating these conditions may benefit children (...) with complicated SAM. After initial clinical stabilisation, 95 children aged 6-23 months admitted at Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre, Malawi between January 1st and December 31st, 2016 were allocated randomly to either standard feeds, an elemental feed or a polymeric feed for 14 days. Change in faecal calprotectin as a marker of intestinal inflammation and the primary outcome was similar in each arm: elemental vs. standard 4.1 μg/mg stool/day (95% CI, -29.9, 38.15; P = 0.81) and polymeric vs

2019 Scientific reports Controlled trial quality: predicted high

131. Oropharyngeal Administration of Mother's Milk Prior to Gavage Feeding in Preterm Infants: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oropharyngeal Administration of Mother's Milk Prior to Gavage Feeding in Preterm Infants: A Pilot Randomized Control Trial. Oropharyngeal administration of mother's colostrum in early days has an immunoprotective effect in preterm infants.Our aim was to study the effect of oropharyngeal administration of mother's milk (OPAMM) on decreasing the incidence of nosocomial sepsis.In a pilot prospective randomized study on preterm (<32 weeks gestation and 1500 g weight) infants, we compared OPAMM (...) of hospital stay, and neonatal mortality.The outcomes of 200 neonates (100 in each group) were analyzed. OPAMM practice did not significantly reduce the incidence of culture proven nosocomial sepsis (8% vs 13%, P = 0.35). Infants in the OPAMM group had a significantly lower growth of Klebsiella species in the oropharyngeal pouch, borderline lower incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, shorter duration of oxygen therapy, less episodes of feeding intolerance, reached full feeding earlier, and had

2019 JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

132. Factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding and consumption of non-recommended foods among Dutch infants: the BeeBOFT study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding and consumption of non-recommended foods among Dutch infants: the BeeBOFT study. Timing and types of complementary feeding in infancy affect nutritional status and health later in life. The present study aimed to investigate the factors associated with early introduction of complementary feeding (i.e., before age 4 months), and factors associated with infants consumption of non-recommended foods, including sweet beverages (...) were consuming sweet beverages daily and 16.5% were consuming snack foods daily. Younger maternal age, lower maternal educational level, absence or shorter duration of breastfeeding, parental conviction that "my child always wants to eat when he/she sees someone eating" and not attending day-care were independently associated with both early introduction of complementary feeding and the consumption of non-recommended foods. Higher maternal pre-pregnancy BMI and infant postnatal weight gain were

2019 BMC Public Health

133. Improved feeding tolerance and growth are linked to increased gut microbial community diversity in very-low-birth-weight infants fed mother's own milk compared with donor breast milk. Full Text available with Trip Pro

tolerance in very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants fed an exclusively human milk diet of primarily MOM or DM.One hundred and twenty-five VLBW infants born at Texas Children's Hospital were enrolled and grouped into cohorts based on percentage of MOM and DM in enteral feeds. Feeds were fortified with DM-derived fortifier per unit protocol. Weekly stool samples were collected for 6 wk for microbiota analysis [16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing]. A research nurse obtained weekly anthropometrics. Clinical (...) Improved feeding tolerance and growth are linked to increased gut microbial community diversity in very-low-birth-weight infants fed mother's own milk compared with donor breast milk. Mother's own milk (MOM) is protective against gut microbiota alterations associated with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and feeding intolerance among preterm infants. It is unclear whether this benefit is preserved with donor milk (DM) feeding.We aimed to compare microbiota development, growth, and feeding

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

134. To What Extent Does Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) Predict Intentions, Attitudes or Practices of Early Infant Feeding? Full Text available with Trip Pro

To What Extent Does Maternal Body Mass Index (BMI) Predict Intentions, Attitudes or Practices of Early Infant Feeding? Public health guidelines recommend women establish and maintain exclusive breastfeeding to six months postpartum. Women with a Body Mass Index (BMI kg/m2 ) in the overweight or obese range are less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding than healthy weight women. Evidence for psychological mechanisms of this association using validated methods of measurement is limited (...) , but factors such as attitudes and intentions for infant feeding are implicated. This study aimed to investigate the associations between maternal BMI, antenatal attitudes and intentions for infant feeding, and subsequent breastfeeding practices.A total of N = 128 women completed an online questionnaire antenatally and n = 48 were followed-up in the first month postpartum. Validated measures of Intentions (IFIS) and Attitudes (IIFAS) for infant feeding were used. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

135. Mother-infant bonding is not associated with feeding type: a community study sample. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mother-infant bonding is not associated with feeding type: a community study sample. Bonding refers to emotions and cognitions towards one's infant. Breastfeeding is believed to facilitate bonding, yet only a handful of studies have empirically tested this assertion. This study aimed to confirm whether a positive association between breastfeeding and bonding exists and whether breastfeeding may be protective against the negative consequences of mood and sleep disturbances on bonding.A cross (...) -sectional survey was administered to a convenience sample of Israeli mothers of infants ages 1-9 months. The main outcome measures were breastfeeding history, bonding (Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire, PBQ), mood (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, EPDS) and sleep (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI).Two hundred seventy-one mothers (21-46 years) completed the survey. 65.7% reported current breastfeeding, 22.1% past breastfeeding, 12.2% never nursed. The PBQ correlated with both the EPDS and PSQI

2019 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

136. Breastmilk feeding for mothers and infants with opioid exposure: What is best? (Abstract)

Breastmilk feeding for mothers and infants with opioid exposure: What is best? With rare exception, breastfeeding is the optimal way to feed infants, and has special benefits for women and infants with perinatal opioid exposure. Infants breastfed and/or fed their mother's own breastmilk experience less severe opioid withdrawal symptoms, have shorter hospital stays, and are less likely to be treated with medication for withdrawal. The specific impact of mothers' milk feeding on opioid withdrawal (...) may be related to the act of breastfeeding and associated skin-to-skin contact, qualities of breastmilk, healthier microbiome, small amounts of opioid drug in breastmilk, or a combination of these. Women with opioid use disorder face significant breastfeeding obstacles, including psychosocial, behavioral, concomitant medications, and tobacco use and thus may require high levels of support to achieve their breastfeeding goals. They often don't receive information to make informed infant feeding

2019 Seminars in fetal & neonatal medicine

137. Predictors of inappropriate complementary feeding practice among children aged 6 to 23 months in Wonago District, South Ethiopia, 2017; case control study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predictors of inappropriate complementary feeding practice among children aged 6 to 23 months in Wonago District, South Ethiopia, 2017; case control study. Inappropriate complementary feeding practice could result in child illness, sub-optimal growth and development. Evidence shows a huge burden of inappropriate complementary feeding practice from global to national level. But studies regarding predictors of inappropriate complementary feeding practices were scarce especially in the study area (...) . Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine predictors and community level factors associated with inappropriate complementary feeding practice among children age 6 to 23 months in Wonago district, South Ethiopia.A community based unmatched case-control study design complemented by a qualitative and dietary data was employed among children in Wonago district from April- 07 to June- 06, 2017. A total of 372 study subjects were enrolled to the study by stratified sampling technique. Data were

2019 BMC Pediatrics

138. Cost-effectiveness analysis of infant feeding modalities for virally suppressed mothers in Canada living with HIV. Full Text available with Trip Pro

initially healthy, HIV-negative infants, if the mother with HIV was on antiretroviral therapy with full virologic suppression and either exclusive breastfeeding or exclusive formula feeding. The model was developed from the economic perspective of the Ontario Ministry of Health, taking into account direct costs associated with infant feeding modality as well as related indirect costs born out of the child's lifetime health outcomes. Uncertainties related to model parameters were evaluated using one-way (...) Cost-effectiveness analysis of infant feeding modalities for virally suppressed mothers in Canada living with HIV. The aim of the study was to determine whether exclusive breastfeeding or exclusive formula feeding is more cost-effective when a Canadian mother with HIV is adherent to antiretroviral therapy and has full virologic suppression.Current Canadian guidelines recommend that mothers with HIV practice exclusive formula feeding. This contradicts the updated World Health Organization (WHO

2019 Medicine

139. A realist review of infant feeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding by HIV-positive women in sub Saharan-Africa: what works for whom and in what contexts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A realist review of infant feeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding by HIV-positive women in sub Saharan-Africa: what works for whom and in what contexts. The most recent World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines on Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and infant feeding promotes exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) in resource limited settings for the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Literature reveals poor uptake of WHO feeding guidelines, with mixed feeding (...) being a regular practice. In light of the limited success in EBF promotion, a realist review was conducted, analysing the use of feeding counselling to increase exclusive breastfeeding by HIV-positive women in sub Saharan-Africa, where the majority of HIV childhood infections occur. We considered what mechanisms were at play, for whom and in what circumstances they led to exclusive breastfeeding.Because infant feeding counselling is a complex social intervention with a non-linear causal pathway

2019 BMC Public Health

140. Impact of Behavioral Feeding Intervention on Child Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Parenting Stress, and Parent-Child Attachment. (Abstract)

Impact of Behavioral Feeding Intervention on Child Emotional and Behavioral Functioning, Parenting Stress, and Parent-Child Attachment. Behavioral intervention is the only treatment for pediatric feeding problems with well-documented empirical support. However, parents may be hesitant to pursue behavioral intervention due to concerns about possible negative side effects on child behavioral health and the parent-child relationship. This study investigated associations between behavioral feeding (...) treatment and parenting stress, internalizing and externalizing behavior problems in young children, and parent-child attachment quality.Participants included 16 mother-child dyads seeking treatment from a behavioral feeding clinic at a large Midwestern university medical center. Children were between the ages of 30 and 45 months (adjusted) at baseline. Caregivers completed the Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 1.5-5 (CBCL/1.5-5), the Parenting Stress Index, 3 Edition Short Form (PSI/SF), and mother

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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