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Infant Feeding

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121. A qualitative cross-cultural analysis of NICU care culture and infant feeding in Finland and the U.S. (PubMed)

A qualitative cross-cultural analysis of NICU care culture and infant feeding in Finland and the U.S. The benefits of family-centered care for the health and well-being of preterm infants and their families include increased parent-infant closeness, improved lactation, and positive mental health outcomes; however, it is known that the extent to which family-centered care is adopted varies by unit. This study aimed to understand how differences in neonatal care culture in two units in Finland (...) and the U.S. were translated to parents' infant feeding experiences in the hope of improving relationally focused feeding practices in both locations.This qualitative, cross-sectional study utilized narrative methodologies to understand the lived experiences of 15 families hospitalized in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit in Finland (n = 8) and the U. S (n = 7).A global theme of lactation as a means or an end showed that lactation and infant feeding were framed differently in each location

2019 BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth

122. Baby's first bites: a randomized controlled trial to assess the effects of vegetable-exposure and sensitive feeding on vegetable acceptance, eating behavior and weight gain in infants and toddlers. (PubMed)

Baby's first bites: a randomized controlled trial to assess the effects of vegetable-exposure and sensitive feeding on vegetable acceptance, eating behavior and weight gain in infants and toddlers. The start of complementary feeding in infancy plays an essential role in promoting healthy eating habits. Evidence shows that it is important what infants are offered during this first introduction of solid foods: e.g. starting exclusively with vegetables is more successful for vegetable acceptance (...) than starting with fruits. How infants are introduced to solid foods also matters: if parents are sensitive and responsive to infant cues during feeding, this may promote self-regulation of energy intake and a healthy weight. However, the effectiveness of the what and the how of complementary feeding has never been experimentally tested in the same study. In the current project the what and how (and their combination) are tested in one study to determine their relative importance for fostering

2019 BMC Pediatrics

123. Seroprevalence of Transplacentally acquired Measles antibodies in unvaccinated infants at nine months of age and its relation to the feeding practices. (PubMed)

Seroprevalence of Transplacentally acquired Measles antibodies in unvaccinated infants at nine months of age and its relation to the feeding practices. In recent years Pakistan has faced frequent measles outbreaks killing hundreds of children despite the availability of vaccine for decades. This study was undertaken to determine the persistence of maternal transferred measles antibody levels in infants before measles vaccination with relation to their feeding practices.A cross sectional study (...) unprotected/ low levels of antibodies against measles than children aged less than 180 days. Age group < 180 days found to be statistically significant with protective IgG levels (OR: 3.1875, P value: < 0.000063).Measles protective antibodies were found in infants < 180 days age group. Breast feeding provides early protection against measles. Levels drop down to low levels immediately after birth and then after 06 months. It is, therefore, recommended that measles vaccination should be considered

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

124. The impact of neonatal unit policies on breast milk feeding at discharge of moderate preterm infants: The EPIPAGE-2 cohort study. (PubMed)

The impact of neonatal unit policies on breast milk feeding at discharge of moderate preterm infants: The EPIPAGE-2 cohort study. Facilitating factors and barriers to breast milk feeding (BMF) for preterm infants have been mainly studied in very preterm populations, but little is known about moderate preterm infants. We aimed to analyze hospital unit characteristics and BMF policies associated with BMF at discharge for infants born at 32 to 34 weeks' gestation. EPIPAGE-2, a French national (...) cohort of preterm births, included 883 infants born at 32 to 34 weeks' gestation. We investigated kangaroo care in the first 24 hr, early involvement of parents in feeding support, volume of the unit, BMF information given to mothers hospitalized for threatened preterm delivery, protocols for BMF, presence of a professional trained in human lactation, unit training in neurodevelopmental care, and regional BMF initiation rates in the general population. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was used

2019 Maternal & child nutrition

125. The Impact of Following Solid Food Feeding Guides on BMI Among Infants: A Simulation Study. (PubMed)

The Impact of Following Solid Food Feeding Guides on BMI Among Infants: A Simulation Study. There are several recommendations advising caregivers when and how to introduce solid food to infants. These complementary feeding guides vary in terms of the recommendations for timing and portions. The objective of this study is to determine the impact of following different guidelines on weight trajectories of infants.In 2018, the study team developed a computational simulation model to capture (...) feeding behaviors, activity levels, metabolism, and body size of infants from 6 months to 1 year. Daily food intake of virtual infants based on feeding recommendations translated to changes in body weight. Next, simulations tested the impact of the following complementary feeding recommendations that provided amount, type, and timing of foods: Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Johns Hopkins Medicine, Enfamil, and Similac.When virtual caregivers fed infants according to the four different guides

2019 American journal of preventive medicine

126. Experience with a "Feed and Swaddle" program in infants up to six months of age. (PubMed)

Experience with a "Feed and Swaddle" program in infants up to six months of age. Feed and swaddle is a technique in which an infant is fed and allowed to fall asleep to facilitate diagnostic imaging. This study reviews our experience and diagnostic success in premature and term infants up to 6 months old undergoing brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using a feed and swaddle technique and with comparable patients imaged under anesthesia.We reviewed the charts of all infants ≤6 months who (...) underwent brain MRI at our institution between 1 January 2013 and 31 March 2016. We recorded and analyzed demographic information, scan indication, scan length, prematurity status, anesthetic technique if used, complications, and diagnostic success or failure.One hundred and sixty-four term infants underwent brain MRI using a feed and swaddle technique. The success rate in term infants <90 days was 91.1% (113/124) versus 95.0% (38/40) in infants ≥90 days and ≤181 days old. Fifty-three premature infants

2019 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica

127. Earlier ingestion of peanut after changes to infant feeding guidelines: The EarlyNuts study. (PubMed)

Earlier ingestion of peanut after changes to infant feeding guidelines: The EarlyNuts study. Randomized controlled trials demonstrate that timely introduction of peanut to infants reduces the risk of peanut allergy. However, much debate remains regarding how to best achieve earlier peanut introduction at the population level. Our previous study in 2007-2011 (HealthNuts, n = 5300) indicated that few infants were consuming peanut in the first year. Australian infant feeding guidelines were (...) updated in 2016 to recommend introducing peanut before 12 months for all infants. There were no data available on the subsequent effect on peanut introduction or peanut reactions.We sought to assess the consequences of a nonscreening approach to allergenic food introduction in a population-based sample of infants in their first year of life.EarlyNuts is a population-based, cross-sectional study of 12-month-old infants in Melbourne, Australia, recruited by using an identical sampling frame and methods

2019 Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

128. Information Diffusion and Social Norms Are Associated with Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Bangladesh. (PubMed)

Information Diffusion and Social Norms Are Associated with Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Bangladesh. Interaction within mothers' social networks can theoretically diffuse messages from interventions and campaigns into norms and practices for infant and young child feeding (IYCF).We hypothesized that mothers' social networks, diffusion of information, and social norms differed in intensive [intensive interpersonal counseling (IPC), community mobilization (CM), and mass media (MM

2019 Journal of Nutrition

129. Through Thick and Thin: The In Vitro Effects of Thickeners On Infant Feed Viscosity. (PubMed)

Through Thick and Thin: The In Vitro Effects of Thickeners On Infant Feed Viscosity. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a common problem in neonates, and current modalities for thickening human milk produce inconsistent outcomes. The objective of this in vitro study is to measure the viscosity effect of different thickening strategies.We thickened donor human milk (DHM) and formula using various thickeners: starch-based thickeners (SBT) (Thick It®, rice cereal), and gum-based thickeners (...) time. On the other hand, DHM does not effectively thicken with SBT. Autoclaving DHM inactivates digestive enzymes, thus allowing SBT to successfully thicken autoclaved DHM. GBT effectively thickened both DHM and formula but reached higher viscosities than intended based on manufacturer recommendations. Adding acid to xanthan-gum thickened DHM resulted in phase separation and formation of solid precipitant.Current thickening strategies of preterm infant feeding produces highly variable results

2019 Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition

130. Gastrostomy Tube Feeding in Extremely Low Birthweight Infants: Frequency, Associated Comorbidities, and Long-term Outcomes. (PubMed)

Gastrostomy Tube Feeding in Extremely Low Birthweight Infants: Frequency, Associated Comorbidities, and Long-term Outcomes. To assess the frequency of gastrostomy tube (GT) placement in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants, associated comorbidities, and long-term outcomes.Analysis of ELBW infants from 25 centers enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network's Generic Database and Follow-up Registry from 2006 to 2012. Frequency of GT (...) of infants with GTs placed were taking full oral feeds at follow-up.GT placement is common in ELBW infants, particularly among those with severe neonatal morbidities. GT placement in this population was associated with poor growth, NDI, and chronic respiratory and feeding problems at follow-up. The frequency of GT placement postneonatal discharge indicates the need for close nutritional follow-up of ELBW infants.ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00063063.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of Pediatrics

131. Prelacteal and early formula feeding increase risk of infant hospitalisation: a prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Prelacteal and early formula feeding increase risk of infant hospitalisation: a prospective cohort study. To ascertain the relationship between prelacteal feeding, early formula feeding and adverse health outcomes, especially hospitalisation during the first year of life.Multicentre prospective cohort study.Six hospitals across three cities in Vietnam.A total of 2030 pregnant women were recruited at 24-28 weeks of gestation and followed up at hospital discharge, 1, 3, 6 and 12 months post (...) partum.Rates of infant hospitalisation, diarrhoea and lower respiratory tract infection during the first 12 months.For the final complete sample (n=1709, 84%), about one-quarter of the infants experienced diarrhoea (25.5%) or were admitted to hospital with at least one episode (24.8%), and almost half (47.6%) the cohort contracted lower respiratory tract infection by 12 months. The prevalence of prelacteal feeding was high (56.5%) while formula feeding was common (79.5%) before hospital discharge, both

2019 Archives of Disease in Childhood

132. Cohort study: Exclusive bottle feeding of either formula or breast milk is associated with greater infant weight gain than exclusive breastfeeding, but findings may not reflect a causal effect of bottle feeding

Cohort study: Exclusive bottle feeding of either formula or breast milk is associated with greater infant weight gain than exclusive breastfeeding, but findings may not reflect a causal effect of bottle feeding Exclusive bottle feeding of either formula or breast milk is associated with greater infant weight gain than exclusive breastfeeding, but findings may not reflect a causal effect of bottle feeding | BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine We use cookies to improve our service and to tailor our (...) or password? You are here Exclusive bottle feeding of either formula or breast milk is associated with greater infant weight gain than exclusive breastfeeding, but findings may not reflect a causal effect of bottle feeding Article Text Prognosis Cohort study Exclusive bottle feeding of either formula or breast milk is associated with greater infant weight gain than exclusive breastfeeding, but findings may not reflect a causal effect of bottle feeding Michael S Kramer Statistics from Altmetric.com

2013 Evidence-Based Medicine (Requires free registration)

133. Caregiver-infant's feeding behaviours are associated with energy intake of 9-11 month-old infants in rural Ethiopia. (PubMed)

Caregiver-infant's feeding behaviours are associated with energy intake of 9-11 month-old infants in rural Ethiopia. Inappropriate complementary feeding, both in quantity and quality, is a major determinant of undernutrition. However, little is known about how infant-caregiver's feeding behaviours affect infants' energy intake. Therefore, the objective of this study was to characterize infant-caregiver feeding behaviours and investigate their association with infants' energy intake. The study (...) involved 106 mother-child pairs recruited from seven randomly selected kebeles of Mecha district, West Gojam, Ethiopia. The feeding styles were assessed through observations of 1-day, in-home, feeding episodes that were videotaped and coded into self-feeding, responsive, active, distracting, and social feeding behaviours. Infants' haemoglobin and anthropometric measurements were taken. The association between feeding behaviour scores and energy intake per meal was investigated. The mean food intake

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2017 Maternal & child nutrition

134. Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Infants Receiving Skin to Skin Care at Birth: Follow-up of Randomized Cohort. (PubMed)

Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in Infants Receiving Skin to Skin Care at Birth: Follow-up of Randomized Cohort. Skin to Skin Care (SSC) in neonatal period influences immediate breastfeeding outcomes in early childhood, especially the duration of exclusive breastfeeding.We investigated influence of 17 hours of SSC given from day one of life on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices through one year of life.Follow-up of a Superiority Randomized Control Trial (RCT) (CTRI/2013/06 (...) . There was a significant difference between hypothermia incidences in these groups in the first two days of life.There was no difference in the groups as far as the duration of exclusive breastfeeding, number of times breastfed per day, or stoppage of night feeds. No baby in either group received bottled feeds but about 53 received some form of extra lacteal feeds in the first 6 months without significant group difference. Fewer SSC mothers reported difficulties with breastfeeding or extra lacteal supplementation. All

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2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

135. Effect of Maternal BMI and Type of Infants Feeding on IGF-1 in Infant

Effect of Maternal BMI and Type of Infants Feeding on IGF-1 in Infant Effect of Maternal BMI and Type of Infants Feeding on IGF-1 in Infant - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effect of Maternal (...) BMI and Type of Infants Feeding on IGF-1 in Infant The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03275272 Recruitment Status : Not yet recruiting First Posted : September 7, 2017 Last Update Posted : September 7, 2017

2017 Clinical Trials

136. Parkdale Infant Nutrition Security Targeted Evaluation Project: Infant Feeding

Parkdale Infant Nutrition Security Targeted Evaluation Project: Infant Feeding Parkdale Infant Nutrition Security Targeted Evaluation Project: Infant Feeding - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more (...) . Parkdale Infant Nutrition Security Targeted Evaluation Project: Infant Feeding (PINSTEP-3) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03400605 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : January 17, 2018 Last Update

2017 Clinical Trials

137. The Relationship Between Infant Feeding Outcomes and Maternal Emotional Well-Being Among Mothers of Late Preterm and Term Infants. A Secondary, Exploratory Analysis (PubMed)

The Relationship Between Infant Feeding Outcomes and Maternal Emotional Well-Being Among Mothers of Late Preterm and Term Infants. A Secondary, Exploratory Analysis Late preterm birth is associated with lower rates of breastfeeding and earlier breastfeeding cessation than term birth.The objectives of this secondary analysis were to compare the incidence of exclusive breastfeeding after late preterm and term childbirth and to examine the association between infant feeding outcomes and maternal (...) emotional well-being.Participants were 105 mother-infant dyads (54 late preterm and 51 term) at a southeastern US medical center. Face-to-face data collection and telephone follow-up occurred during 2009-2012.Late preterm mothers were less likely to exclusively provide their milk than were term mothers during hospitalization. Feeding at 1 month did not differ between late preterm and term infants. Among late preterm mothers, (1) formula supplementation during hospitalization was associated with greater

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2017 Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses

138. Early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting for very preterm or very low birth weight infants. (PubMed)

Early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting for very preterm or very low birth weight infants. The introduction of enteral feeds for very preterm (< 32 weeks) or very low birth weight (< 1500 grams) infants is often delayed due to concern that early introduction may not be tolerated and may increase the risk of necrotising enterocolitis. However, prolonged enteral fasting may diminish the functional adaptation of the immature gastrointestinal tract and extend the need for parenteral nutrition (...) with its attendant infectious and metabolic risks. Trophic feeding, giving infants very small volumes of milk to promote intestinal maturation, may enhance feeding tolerance and decrease the time taken to reach full enteral feeding independently of parenteral nutrition.To determine the effect of early trophic feeding versus enteral fasting on feed tolerance, growth and development, and the incidence of neonatal morbidity (including necrotising enterocolitis and invasive infection) and mortality in very

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2013 Cochrane

139. Non-governmental organization facilitation of a community-based nutrition and health program: Effect on program exposure and associated infant feeding practices in rural India. (PubMed)

Non-governmental organization facilitation of a community-based nutrition and health program: Effect on program exposure and associated infant feeding practices in rural India. Integrated nutrition and health programs seek to reduce undernutrition by educating child caregivers about infant feeding and care. Data on the quality of program implementation and consequent effects on infant feeding practices are limited. This study evaluated the effectiveness of enhancing a nutrition and health (...) by the AWWs in the CARE program district (20.5-45.6% vs. 0.3-21.6%; p<0.05 for all ages except at 6months). No differences in ANM household contacts were reported. Overall, coverage remained low in both areas. Less than a quarter of women received any infant feeding advice in the intervention district. Earlier and exclusive breastfeeding improved with increasing number or quality of visits by either level of health care provider (OR: 2.04-3.08, p = <0.001), after adjusting for potentially confounding

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2017 PLoS ONE

140. Factors influencing feeding practices of extreme poor infants and young children in families of working mothers in Dhaka slums: A qualitative study. (PubMed)

Factors influencing feeding practices of extreme poor infants and young children in families of working mothers in Dhaka slums: A qualitative study. Nutritional status differs between infants and young children living in slum and non-slum conditions-infants and young children living in City Corporation slums are likely to have worse nutritional status compared to those from non-slums. Furthermore, families in slums tend to engage female labor in cash-earning activities as a survival strategy (...) ; hence, a higher percentage of mothers stay at work. However, little is known about feeding practices for infants and young children in families with working mothers in slums. This study aims to understand the factors that determine feeding practices for infants and young children living in families with working mothers in Dhaka slums.This study adopted a qualitative approach. Sixteen In-depth Interviews, five Key Informant Interviews, and Focused Group Discussions were conducted with family members

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2017 PLoS ONE

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