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Infant Feeding

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21. Skin emollient and early complementary feeding to prevent infant atopic dermatitis (PreventADALL): a factorial, multicentre, cluster-randomised trial. (Abstract)

Skin emollient and early complementary feeding to prevent infant atopic dermatitis (PreventADALL): a factorial, multicentre, cluster-randomised trial. Skin emollients applied during early infancy could prevent atopic dermatitis, and early complementary food introduction might reduce food allergy in high-risk infants. The study aimed to determine if either regular skin emollients applied from 2 weeks of age, or early complementary feeding introduced between 12 and 16 weeks of age, reduced (...) advised to follow national guidelines on infant nutrition (no intervention group); (2) skin emollients (bath additives and facial cream; skin intervention group); (3) early complementary feeding of peanut, cow's milk, wheat, and egg (food intervention group); or (4) combined skin and food interventions (combined intervention group). Participants were randomly assigned (1:1:1:1) using computer- generated cluster randomisation based on 92 geographical living area blocks as well as eight 3-month time

2020 Lancet

22. Impact of a complementary feeding intervention and mother's perceptions of child weight status in infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of a complementary feeding intervention and mother's perceptions of child weight status in infants. Introduction: if complementary feeding is not introduced at six months or if it is inadequate, the child's growth will be affected. Objective: to evaluate the impact of a complementary feeding intervention and the mothers' perceptions of child weight status (MPCW) on growth indicators. Method: this was a quasi-experimental intervention in 19 mother-child dyads with seven workshops given (...) to the intervention group (IG). Mothers were asked when, why, and how food groups should be introduced according to their beliefs and experience. Growth indicators were Z-scores for length-for-age (ZLA) and weight-for-length (ZWL). MPCW was measured using the question: "do you think your child is: 'a little underweight or underweight', 'more or less at a normal weight', 'a little overweight' or 'definitely overweight'?" Number of breastfed times, number of feeding times and minimal dietary diversity

2019 Nutricion hospitalaria Controlled trial quality: uncertain

23. Bottle-feeding an infant feeding modality: An integrative literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the reciprocal nature of infant feeding. To optimize bottle-feeding outcomes, further research is required on parents' and health professionals' knowledge and understanding of the parts within the act of bottle-feeding.© 2020 The Authors. Maternal & Child Nutrition published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (...) Bottle-feeding an infant feeding modality: An integrative literature review. Bottle-feeding is an infant feeding modality that has been in existence since ancient times, and currently, a significant number of infants are being fed via a bottle with either breastmilk or formula. Although research on bottle-feeding has continued, it exists in fragmented, often small studies that focus on singular aspects of feeding an infant using a bottle, with limited information on the bottle-feeding act

2020 Maternal & child nutrition

24. Influence of infant feeding on the excretion of gluten immunopeptides in feces. (Abstract)

Influence of infant feeding on the excretion of gluten immunopeptides in feces. the secretion of antigens from the diet into breast milk has been extensively documented. The transfer of gliadin could be critical for the development of an immune response.to investigate the presence of immunogenic gluten peptides in the feces of infants fed with different diets.a blind, prospective, controlled, collaborative study was performed in three hospitals, between September 2016 and January 2017 (...) both the experimental and control group 1. With regard to control group 2, the peptide 33-mer of gliadin was negative in 23% of cases (seven children). There was no difference in the amount of gluten ingested by these children compared to those who excreted the 33-mer peptide.the failure to detect gluten in the feces of infants that were exclusively breastfed indicates that it is probably below the limits of detection. Healthy children who consume gluten may not excrete it in feces.

2019 Revista espanola de enfermedades digestivas : organo oficial de la Sociedad Espanola de Patologia Digestiva Controlled trial quality: uncertain

25. Infant and young child feeding practices and child linear growth in Nepal: Regression-decomposition analysis of national survey data, 1996-2016. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infant and young child feeding practices and child linear growth in Nepal: Regression-decomposition analysis of national survey data, 1996-2016. Suboptimal infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have profound implications on child survival, health, growth, and development. First, our study analysed trends in 18 IYCF indicators and height-for-age z-score (HAZ) and stunting prevalence across Nepal's Family Health Survey 1996 and four rounds of Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys from (...) and exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) are rated good, whereas minimal bottle-feeding and introduction of solid, semi-solid or soft foods are rated fair. Our study also reports that a paucity of age-appropriate IYCF practices-in particular complementary feeding-are significantly associated with increased HAZ and decreased probability of stunting (p < .05). Moreover, age-appropriate IYCF practices-in isolation-made modest statistical contributions to the rapid and sustained reduction in age-specific child linear

2020 Maternal & child nutrition

26. Oral stimulation for promoting oral feeding in preterm infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral stimulation for promoting oral feeding in preterm infants. Preterm infants (< 37 weeks' postmenstrual age) are often delayed in attaining oral feeding. Normal oral feeding is suggested as an important outcome for the timing of discharge from the hospital and can be an early indicator of neuromotor integrity and developmental outcomes. A range of oral stimulation interventions may help infants to develop sucking and oromotor co-ordination, promoting earlier oral feeding and earlier hospital (...) discharge.To determine the effectiveness of oral stimulation interventions for attainment of oral feeding in preterm infants born before 37 weeks' postmenstrual age (PMA).To conduct subgroup analyses for the following prespecified subgroups.• Extremely preterm infants born at < 28 weeks' PMA.• Very preterm infants born from 28 to < 32 weeks' PMA.• Infants breast-fed exclusively.• Infants bottle-fed exclusively.• Infants who were both breast-fed and bottle-fed.We used the standard search strategy

2016 Cochrane

27. Avoidance of bottles during the establishment of breast feeds in preterm infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Avoidance of bottles during the establishment of breast feeds in preterm infants. Preterm infants start milk feeds by gavage tube. As they mature, sucking feeds are gradually introduced. Women who choose to breast feed their preterm infant are not always able to be in hospital with their baby and need an alternative approach to feeding. Most commonly, milk (expressed breast milk or formula) is given by bottle. Whether using bottles during establishment of breast feeds is detrimental to breast (...) of The Cochrane Collaboration and the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group.We included seven trials with 1152 preterm infants. Five studies used a cup feeding strategy, one used a tube feeding strategy and one used a novel teat when supplements to breast feeds were needed. We included the novel teat study in this review, as the teat was designed to more closely mimic the sucking action of breast feeding. The trials were of small to moderate size, and two had high risk of attrition bias. Adherence with cup feeding

2016 Cochrane

28. Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. (Abstract)

Controlled Trial of Two Incremental Milk-Feeding Rates in Preterm Infants. Observational data have shown that slow advancement of enteral feeding volumes in preterm infants is associated with a reduced risk of necrotizing enterocolitis but an increased risk of late-onset sepsis. However, data from randomized trials are limited.We randomly assigned very preterm or very-low-birth-weight infants to daily milk increments of 30 ml per kilogram of body weight (faster increment) or 18 ml per kilogram (...) (slower increment) until reaching full feeding volumes. The primary outcome was survival without moderate or severe neurodevelopmental disability at 24 months. Secondary outcomes included components of the primary outcome, confirmed or suspected late-onset sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and cerebral palsy.Among 2804 infants who underwent randomization, the primary outcome could be assessed in 1224 (87.4%) assigned to the faster increment and 1246 (88.7%) assigned to the slower increment. Survival

2019 NEJM

29. Survival and Health Care Use After Feeding Tube Placement in Children With Neurologic Impairment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Survival and Health Care Use After Feeding Tube Placement in Children With Neurologic Impairment Children with neurologic impairment (NI) often undergo feeding tube placement for undernutrition or aspiration. We evaluated survival and acute health care use after tube placement in this population.This is a population-based exposure-crossover study for which we use linked administrative data from Ontario, Canada. We identified children aged 13 months to 17 years with a diagnosis of NI undergoing (...) feeding tube placement. However, the stability of health care use before and after the procedure suggests that the high mortality may reflect underlying fragility rather than increased risk from nonoral feeding. Further research to inform risk stratification and prognostic accuracy is needed.Copyright © 2019 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

30. Impact of Feed the Future initiative on nutrition in children aged less than 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa: difference-in-differences analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Impact of Feed the Future initiative on nutrition in children aged less than 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa: difference-in-differences analysis. To evaluate the impact of the US government's Feed the Future initiative on nutrition outcomes in children younger than 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa.Difference-in-differences quasi-experimental approach.Households in 33 low and lower middle income countries in sub-Saharan Africa.883 309 children aged less than 5 years with weight, height, and age (...) recorded in 118 surveys conducted in 33 countries between 2000 and 2017: 388 052 children were from Feed the Future countries and 495 257 were from non-Feed the Future countries.A difference-in-differences approach was used to compare outcomes among children in intervention countries after implementation of the initiative with children before its introduction and children in non-intervention countries, controlling for relevant covariates, time invariant national differences, and time trends

2019 BMJ

31. Understanding feeding practices of Latinx mothers of infants and toddlers at risk for childhood obesity: A qualitative study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Understanding feeding practices of Latinx mothers of infants and toddlers at risk for childhood obesity: A qualitative study. Infancy and toddlerhood are critical stages for the development of habits that can lead to future obesity, and caregivers have an important influence on these habits. We conducted this qualitative semistructured interview study to explore the feeding practices of Latinx mothers of young children who are at risk for childhood obesity in order to identify targets (...) difficulty with transitioning to solid foods and reported desiring to feed their child healthy foods by minimizing juice and giving vegetables. Paediatricians and WIC staff were viewed by mothers as trustworthy sources of nutrition information. Most identified a connection between their child's weight and diet, but many lacked the insight or capacity to change their current practices. The mothers in our study provide insight into factors that may predispose young children to obesity and thus potential

2020 Maternal & child nutrition

32. Measuring coverage of infant and young child feeding counselling interventions: A framework and empirical considerations for survey question design. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Measuring coverage of infant and young child feeding counselling interventions: A framework and empirical considerations for survey question design. Most countries implement nutrition counselling interventions as part of programmes to support breastfeeding and complementary feeding. However, data to track coverage of counselling interventions are rarely available. As a result, little is known about the coverage of counselling on infant and young child feeding (IYCF). Survey-based data (...) of counselling coverage may lead to improved reach of programmes to support optimal IYCF practices.© 2020 The Authors. Maternal & Child Nutrition published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2020 Maternal & child nutrition

33. Gastrostomy feeding versus oral feeding alone for children with cerebral palsy. (Abstract)

Gastrostomy feeding versus oral feeding alone for children with cerebral palsy. Children with cerebral palsy can be significantly disabled in terms of their ability to suck, chew and swallow. This can lead to significant impairment in feeding and, eventually, to undernutrition. It can also result in aspiration of food into the lungs. Length of feeding time may be considerably increased and, instead of being an enjoyable experience, mealtimes may be distressing for both child and carer (...) . For children unable to maintain a normal nutritional state feeding by mouth, gastrostomy or jejunostomy tubes are increasingly being used to provide the digestive system with nutrients. A gastrostomy tube is a feeding tube inserted surgically through the abdominal wall directly into the stomach. A jejunostomy feeding tube is inserted into the jejunum, part of the small intestine, either directly or via a previous gastrostomy. Although gastrostomy or jejunostomy placement may greatly facilitate the feeding

2013 Cochrane

34. Lactase treated feeds to promote growth and feeding tolerance in preterm infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lactase treated feeds to promote growth and feeding tolerance in preterm infants. Successful transition from parenteral nutrition to full enteral feedings during the immediate neonatal period is associated with improved growth in preterm infants. Lactase is the last of the major intestinal disaccharidases to develop in preterm infants. Because of inadequate lactase activity, preterm infants are unable to digest lactose. Lactase preparations could potentially be used to hydrolyse lactose (...) repeated in May 2012 of The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL and abstracts from the Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meetings from 2000 to 2012 (Abstracts2View). The Web of Science was searched using the only previously identified trial by Erasmus 2002 as the starting point to search for additional trials that cited this trial.Types of studies: randomized or quasi-randomized controlled trials.preterm infants < 37 weeks PMA.addition of lactase to milk versus placebo

2013 Cochrane

35. Mother’s Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) knowledge improved timely initiation of complementary feeding of children aged 6–24 months in the rural population of northwest Ethiopia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mother’s Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) knowledge improved timely initiation of complementary feeding of children aged 6–24 months in the rural population of northwest Ethiopia Appropriate complementary feeding is vital to reduce young child morbidity and mortality. However, it continues as sub-optimal in Ethiopia, and literatures are also scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to determine timely initiation of complementary feeding and associated factors among mothers with children (...) aged 6-24 months in the rural population of northwest Ethiopia. In the community based cross-sectional study, data on child feeding practices, individual and household characteristics were collected in Dabat Demographic Surveillance System site, Dabat District, northwest Ethiopia from 01 May to 29 June 2015. The bivariate and backward stepwise multivariable statistical methods were carried out to identify factors associated with timely initiation of complementary feeding.About 53.8% [95% CI 45.9

2018 BMC research notes

36. Feeding and Swallowing Assessment Services for Pediatric Populations in Canada

of Health, NSW; 2016 Feb 12. [cited 2017 Jan 24]. (Guideline; no. GL2016_007). Available from: Law M, Baptiste S, Carswell A, McColl MA, Polatajko H, Pollock N. Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM). 5th ed. Ottawa (ON): CAOT Publications ACE; 2014 Feb 14. Crist W, Dobbelsteyn C, Brousseau AM, Napier-Phillips A. Pediatric assessment scale for severe feeding problems: validity and reliability of a new scale for tube-fed children. Nutr Clin Pract. 2004 Aug;19(4):403-8. The WHO child growth (...) in Canada: Service Provision, Practice Models, and Assessment Tools March 2017 Context Pediatric feeding and swallowing assessment services are concerned with evaluating and diagnosing children who experience difficulty eating, drinking, and swallowing (also known as dysphagia). 1 Providing these services appropriately may require the skills of a number of health care practitioners, including speech-language pathologists (SLPs), physicians, occupational therapists (OTs), and registered nurses (RNs). 1

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Environmental Scanning

37. Costing of three feeding regimens for home-based management of children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition from a randomised trial in India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Costing of three feeding regimens for home-based management of children with uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition from a randomised trial in India Three feeding regimens-centrally produced ready-to-use therapeutic food, locally produced ready-to-use therapeutic food, and augmented, energy-dense, home-prepared food-were provided in a community setting for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in the age group of 6-59 months in an individually randomised multicentre trial that enrolled (...) 906 children. Foods, counselling, feeding support and treatment for mild illnesses were provided until recovery or 16 weeks.Costs were estimated for 371 children enrolled in Delhi in a semiurban location after active survey and identification, enrolment, diagnosis and treatment for mild illnesses, and finally treatment with one of the three regimens, both under the research and government setting. Direct costs were estimated for human resources using a price times quantity approach, based

2018 BMJ global health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

38. Assessment of Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing: Guidelines

for the assessment of feeding and swallowing (dysphagia) in children with complex feeding and swallowing needs? Key Message One systematic review was identified regarding guidelines for the assessment of pediatric feeding and swallowing. Tags Children, Child, Paediatric, Paediatrics, Pediatric, deglutition, swallow, swallowing, dysphasia, Endoscope, Assessment, assessing, Deglutition, Deglutition Disorders, Diagnosis, Eating, Endoscopes, Endoscopy, Fiber Optic Technology, Fluoroscopy, Pediatrics, Swallows (...) Assessment of Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing: Guidelines Assessment of Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing: Guidelines | CADTH.ca Find the information you need Assessment of Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing: Guidelines Assessment of Pediatric Feeding and Swallowing: Guidelines Published on: August 24, 2016 Project Number: RB1016-000 Product Line: Research Type: Other Diagnostics Report Type: Summary of Abstracts Result type: Report Question What are the evidence-based guidelines

2016 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

39. Protocol for the Lactoferrin Infant Feeding Trial (LIFT): a randomised trial of adding lactoferrin to the feeds of very-low birthweight babies prior to hospital discharge. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Protocol for the Lactoferrin Infant Feeding Trial (LIFT): a randomised trial of adding lactoferrin to the feeds of very-low birthweight babies prior to hospital discharge. Very-low birthweight (VLBW, <1500 g) infants comprise about 1%-1.4% of all births in high-income countries. Every year, about 3000 VLBW babies in Australia and New Zealand receive intensive care. Many die or else survive with severe brain injury, retinopathy, late-onset sepsis or necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), each of which (...) carries substantial risk of disability.This trial tests whether adding bovine lactoferrin (bLF) to feeds in VLBW infants improves (1) survival to hospital discharge free from brain injury, late-onset sepsis, NEC and treated retinopathy of prematurity (primary composite end point); (2) each component of the primary composite end point and (3) time to reach full enteral feeds, number of blood transfusions, chronic lung disease and length of hospital stay. It includes a cost-effectiveness analysis of bLF

2018 BMJ open Controlled trial quality: predicted high

40. Infant Feeding Attitudes and Practices of Spanish Low-Risk Expectant Women Using the IIFAS (Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infant Feeding Attitudes and Practices of Spanish Low-Risk Expectant Women Using the IIFAS (Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale) The Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) has been shown to have good psychometric properties for English-speaking populations, but it has not been validated among low-risk pregnant women in Spain. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the translated version of the IIFAS in order to examine infant feeding attitudes in Spanish women (...) with an uncomplicated pregnancy. Low-risk expectant women (n = 297) were recruited from eight primary public health care centres in Galicia (Spain). Questionnaires including both socio-demographic and breastfeeding characteristics and items about infant feeding were administered during the third trimester. Participants were contacted by telephone during the postpartum period to obtain information regarding their infant feeding status. Prediction validity and internal consistency were assessed. The translated IIFAS

2018 Nutrients

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