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How do novice and improver walkers move in their home environments? An open-sourced infant's gait video analysis. Natural independent walking mostly occurs during infant´s everyday explorations of their home environment. Gait characteristics of infantwalkers at different developmental stages exist in literature, however, data has been only collected in laboratory environments, which may reduce gait variability, therefore mask differences between developmental stages of natural gait. The aim (...) of the study was to provide the first data set of temporal and functional gait characteristics of novice and improver infantwalkers in familiar environment conditions in their home. We hypothesised that familiar environment conditions may effectively demonstrate natural gait characteristics and real differences in gait variables differing between 2 groups of developing infant walkers.In a cross-sectional design; we used open-source videos of infants in their home environments: twenty videos of 10 novice
InfantWalker-Related Injuries in the United States. To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of infantwalker-related injuries among children <15 months old who were treated in US emergency departments and to evaluate the effect of the 2010 federal mandatory safety standard on these injuries.National Electronic Injury Surveillance System data from 1990 to 2014 were analyzed.An estimated 230 676 children <15 months old were treated for infantwalker-related injuries in US emergency (...) departments from 1990 to 2014. Most of the children sustained head or neck injuries (90.6%) and 74.1% were injured by falling down the stairs in an infantwalker. Among patients who were admitted to the hospital (4.5%), 37.8% had a skull fracture. From 1990 to 2003, overall infantwalker-related injuries and injuries related to falling down the stairs decreased by 84.5% and 91.0%, respectively. The average annual number of injuries decreased by 22.7% (P = .019) during the 4-year period after
Baby walker injury, disability, and death in a high-income middle eastern country, as reported by siblings Baby walkers (BWs) are frequent causes of infant injuries. Little research is reported from the Middle East and few population-based studies anywhere.Using multistage random sampling in a city of the United Arab Emirates, 4 of 8 female Arab government high schools and 3 final-year classes each from science and arts tracks were selected. Structured self-administered questionnaires assessed
Naps improve new walkers' locomotor problem solving. In this first study of the impact of sleep on infants' problem solving of a locomotor task, 28 newly walking infants who were within a week of having given up crawling trained to navigate a shoulder-height tunnel to reach a caregiver waiting at the end. During the transitional window between crawling and walking, infants are reluctant to return to crawling, making this task uniquely challenging. Infants were randomly assigned to either nap (...) or stay awake during a delay between training and a later test session. For the Nap group, efficiency of problem solving improved from training to test, but there was no change for the No Nap group. These findings suggest that for newly walking infants, sleep facilitates learning to solve a novel motor problem.Published by Elsevier Inc.
Ten-year follow-up of a randomised trial of drainage, irrigation and fibrinolytic therapy (DRIFT) in infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation Ten-year follow-up of a randomised trial of drainage, irrigation and fibrinolytic therapy (DRIFT) in infants with post-haemorrhagic ventricular dilatation Journals Library An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please (...) , Charlotte Lea 1 , Grace J Young 2 , David Odd 1, 3 , Helen Miller 1 , Grazyna Kmita 4 , Cathy Williams 5 , Peter S Blair 2 , Aída Moure Fernández 2 , William Hollingworth 2 , Michelle Morgan 6 , Adam Smith-Collins 1 , N Jade Thai 7 , Steven Walker-Cox 1 , Kristian Aquilina 8 , Ian Pople 9 , Andrew Whitelaw 1 1 Neonatal Neurology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 2 Bristol Randomised Trials Collaboration, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK 3 Neonatal Medicine, North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, UK 4
An Acquired Form of Dandy-Walker Malformation with Enveloping Hemosiderin Deposits Dandy-Walker malformation (DWM) is a posterior fossa anomaly characterized by hypoplasia and upward rotation of the cerebellar vermis and cystic dilation of the fourth ventricle. The cyst of DWM rarely extends posteriorly to almost completely fill the entire posterior fossa, which mimics primary cerebellar agenesis, a cerebellar porencephalic cyst, and an arachnoid cyst due to the lack of clarity of the thin (...) cyst consisted of collagen fibers with hemosiderin deposits but lacked congenital cyst components. In infants with posterior fossa cysts, SWAN will be useful for a differential diagnosis between DWM and primary cerebellar agenesis.
Sharing a Sleep Surface with an Infant in the First Year of Life: A Rapid Review Sharing a Sleep Surface with an Infant in the First Year of Life A Rapid Review Ava Nainifard, Analyst, Research & Policy Elizabeth Walker, Analyst, Research & Policy Eileen Viloria-Tan, Acting Manager November 2018 i Table of Contents Key Messages 2 Executive Summary 3 1 Issue 5 2 Context 6 3 Literature Review Question 7 4 Literature Search 8 5 Relevance Assessment 8 6 Results of the Search 9 7 Critical Appraisal (...) 9 8 Description of Included Literature 9 9 Synthesis of Findings 10 10 Applicability and Transferability 14 11 Recommendations 17 Text References 21 Data Reference 25 Appendix A: Infant Deaths in Peel and Ontario 26 Appendix B: Search Strategy 28 Appendix C: Literature Search Flowchart 32 Appendix D: Data Extraction Table 33 Appendix E: Studies Included in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Guideline 39 Appendix F: Decision-Making for Safer Infant Sleep 51 2 Key Messages 1
Health Effects for Infants and Young Children Associated with Breastfeeding: A Rapid Review Health Effects for Infants and Young Children Associated with Breastfeeding A Rapid Review Elizabeth Walker, Analyst, Research and Policy Kate Kerrigan, Public Health Nurse Rita Caprara, Supervisor Judy Buchan, Manager July 30, 2018 i Table of Contents Key Messages 1 Executive Summary 2 1 Issue 5 2 Context 6 3 Conceptual Framework 7 4 Literature Review Question 7 5 Literature Search 8 6 Relevance (...) Summary Research Questions What are the health effects of being breastfed or fed expressed mother’s milk for healthy term infants? Is there evidence of a dose-response relationship? Context Key messages about the health benefits of breastfeeding for infants, based on evidence from one systematic review (1) informed a Region of Peel – Public Health media campaign in 2009. These key messages have not been updated. In 2017, Family Health staff identified a need to update messaging about breastfeeding
, et al. Why do mothers use nipple shields and how does this in?uence duration of exclusive breastfeeding? Matern Child Nutr 2017;13:e12251. 44. Hall RA. Nutritional follow-up of the breastfeeding pre- mature infant after hospital discharge. Pediatr Clin North Am 2001;48:453–460. 45. Schanler RJ. Nutrition support of the low birth weight infant. In: Nutrition in pediatrics: basic science and clinical appli- cations, 3rd edition, Walker A, Watkins JB, Duggan C, eds. Hamilton, Canada: BC Decker, Inc (...) Transitioning the Breastfeeding Preterm Infant from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to Home ABM Protocol ABM Clinical Protocol #12: Transitioning the Breastfeeding Preterm Infant from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to Home, Revised 2018 Lawrence M. Noble, 1 Adora C. Okogbule-Wonodi, 2 Michal A. Young, 2 and The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine A central goal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine is the development of clinical protocols, free from commercial interest or in?uence
Perinatal Management of Pregnant Women at the Threshold of Infant Viability? the Obstetric Perspective Perinatal Management of Pregnant Women at the Threshold of Infant Viability (The Obstetric Perspective) Scientific Impact Paper No. 41 February 2014Perinatal Management of Pregnant Women at the Threshold of Infant Viability (The Obstetric Perspective) 1. Background Delivery at the threshold of viability (23 +0 weeks to 24 +6 weeks of gestation) is a major medical and ethical challenge (...) be offered. 1 Delivery between these two gestational age limits is the most challenging. Given the marked improvement in survival for extremely premature infants as reported in EPICure 1 (1995) and EPICure 2 (2006) studies, more babies below 26 completed weeks of gestation are being admitted to neonatal units in England (an increase of 30%). 2 There has been an overall increase in survival of 12%; from 40% to 52%. 3 Unfortunately this marked improvement in survival has not been associated
Report of a Case of Cutaneous Myiasis in an Infant. Wohlfahrtia Vigil (Walker) Infection 20315150 2010 06 24 2010 06 24 0008-4409 14 10 1924 Oct Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Report of a Case of Cutaneous Myiasis in an Infant. Wohlfahrtia Vigil (Walker) Infection. 967-8 Chown G G eng Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 2010 3 24 6 0 1924 10 1 0 0 1924 10 1 0 1 ppublish 20315150 PMC1707892
Influence of an infantwalker on onset and quality of walking pattern of locomotion:an electromyographic investigation. Acquisition of bipedal locomotor skill in human infants was studied electromyographically with regard to the deprivation or enrichment behavior resulting from the frequent and regular use of an infantwalker. Subjects were six sets of male, fraternal twins. One randomly selected sibling from each set underwent a training program, commencing at the age of 300 days, spending (...) a total of 2 hr. per day in a walker. Siblings not included in this group were subjected to no special training. EMG recordings were taken of all subjects at specified intervals in order to establish a model of the typical motor pattern at various stages of skill development. These data were then contrasted with EMG data similarly obtained from the walker-trained subjects. Use of an infantwalker modified the mechanics of the infant's locomotion in a number of important ways. It was shown that use
A cost-effectiveness analysis of maternal genotyping to guide treatment for postpartum pain and avert infant adverse events The Hospital for Sick Children Technology Assessment at SickKids (TASK) FULL REPORT A COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF MATERNAL GENOTYPING TO GUIDE TREATMENT FOR POSTPARTUM PAIN AND AVERT INFANT ADVERSE EVENTS Authors: Myla E. Moretti, PhD Research Associate, Clinical Trials Support Unit, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto Daniella F. Lato, BSc Research Assistant (...) and Unit Prices 29 Table 2.5: OCCI List of Most Responsible Diagnoses (ICD-10) Used for Costing of Inpatient and Emergency Ambulatory Care (2010-2011) 34 Table 3.1: Overall Opioid Utilization Rates (January 2007 to June 2011) 40 Table 3.2: Specific Opioids Used by New Mothers at St. Michael's Hospital Among All Medical Records Surveyed 41 Table 3.3: Prevalence of Opioid Use by Mode of Delivery 41 Table 3.4: Demographics and Codeine Dosing Among 238 Mother-Infant Pairs 42 Table 3.5: Summary Scores
Detection and Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants up to Six Months of Age i DETECTION AND NONOPERATIVE MANAGEMENT OF PEDIATRIC DEVELOPMENTAL DYSPLASIA OF THE HIP IN INFANTS UP TO SIX MONTHS OF AGE EVIDENCE-BASED CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINE Adopted by the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors September 5, 2014 This guideline has been endorsed by the following organizations: ii Disclaimer This Clinical Practice Guideline (...) of Orthopaedic Surgeons iii I. SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS The following is a summary of the recommendations of the AAOS’ clinical practice guideline on Detection and Nonoperative Management of Pediatric Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Infants up to Six Months of Age. All readers of this summary are strongly urged to consult the full guideline and evidence report for this information. We are confident that those who read the full guideline and evidence report will see that the recommendations were
Probiotics in Infants: Clinical Effectiveness, Safety and Guidelines Disclaimer: The Rapid Response Service is an information service for those involved in planning and providing health care in Canada. Rapid responses are based on a limited literature search and are not comprehensive, systematic reviews. The intent is to provide a list of sources of the best evidence on the topic that CADTH could identify using all reasonable efforts within the time allowed. Rapid responses should be considered (...) study only. It may not be copied, posted on a web site, redistributed by email or stored on an electronic system without the prior written permission of CADTH or applicable copyright owner. Links: This report may contain links to other information available on the websites of third parties on the Internet. CADTH does not have control over the content of such sites. Use of third party sites is governed by the owners’ own terms and conditions. TITLE: Probiotics in Infants: Clinical Effectiveness
Infant feeding: formula Infant feeding: formula | Great Ormond Street Hospital Google Tag Manager Navigation Search Search You are here Infant feeding: formula Infant feeding: formula . The following resource can support staff in assisting mothers with breastfeeding: leaflet produced by UNICEF should be given to all breastfeeding mothers. It contains pictures and advice about positioning and attachment. Whilst actively supporting mothers to breastfeed where possible, it is acknowledged (...) that this method of feeding may not be feasible for some mothers. This guideline highlights the alternative products that are available and proffers advice as to the best alternative way to feed babies. Feeding the newborn baby Facilities must be provided for mothers to feed their babies in privacy and comfort . Babies who are too ill or too immature to suckle may have their mother’s expressed breast milk fed via an orogastric or nasogastric tube. Breastfeeding may be difficult to establish in sick infants
scanning is also useful in Dandy-Walker malformation; however, it exposes the infant to ionizing radiation. Clearly distinguishing the subtypes of Dandy-Walker complex on axial CT images is difficult. In addition, evaluating subtle supratentorial pathologies and associated abnormalities on CT scans may not be easy because its routine use is constrained by the axial plane. The classic abnormal findings of Dandy-Walker malformation described on cranial CT and MRI can also be demonstrated on cranial (...) in non-Hispanic black and non-Hispanic white neonates with Dandy-Walker syndrome and found that Dandy-Walker syndrome has one of the largest black-white disparities in postneonatal survival. Neonatal mortality was similar for non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites, but non-Hispanic blacks had an 8-fold increased risk for postneonatal mortality. [ ] In another study by Salihu and co-workers, infants with Dandy-Walker syndrome and 2 or more affected organ systems were approximately 6 times