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Hyperpigmentation

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321. Cutaneous Interaction with Visible Light: What Do We Know. (Abstract)

erythema in light skin and pigmentary changes in individuals with darker skin types. Concern surrounding its potentially damaging cutaneous effects has been raised in both the medical community as well as in social media outlets. In this article, we provide an evidenced-based review describing what is currently known about visible light, focusing on its role in dermatologic diseases including disorders of hyperpigmentation such as melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.Copyright © 2020

2020 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

322. Photoprotection beyond ultraviolet radiation: A review of tinted sunscreens. (Abstract)

to cater to all skin phototypes. Therefore, tinted sunscreens are beneficial for patients with visible light-induced photodermatoses and those with hyperpigmentation disorders such as melasma and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation.Copyright © 2020 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2020 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

323. Calf Reduction by Partial Resection of Gastrocnemius Using a Suction-Assisted Cartilage Shaver. (Abstract)

to tight, sustained postsurgery bandaging (n = 1, 1.5 percent). Scar-related complications were hyperpigmentation (n = 6, 8.5 percent), depressed scars (n = 5, 7 percent), and hypertrophic scars (n = 2, 2.8 percent).Short, long, and endoscope-guided long suction-assisted cartilage shavers for partial resection of calf muscles can be used effectively to reduce the calf. Several mostly treatable complications were noted.Therapeutic, IV.

2020 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

324. Premature cell senescence in human skin: Dual face in chronic acquired pigmentary disorders. (Abstract)

of complex intercellular communication. Thus, despite senescence usually being reported as a uniform phenotype sharing the expression of characteristic markers, skin senescence involving mainly the dermal compartment and its paracrine function could be associated with the disappearance of melanocytes in vitiligo lesions and with the exacerbated activity of melanocytes in the hyperpigmentation spots of melasma. This suggests that the difference may arise in melanocyte intrinsic differences

2020 Ageing research reviews

325. Frequency of different types of facial melanoses referring to the Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Nepal Medical College and Teaching Hospital in 2019, and assessment of their effect on health-related quality of life. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI).Between January 5, 2019 to January 4, 2020, a total of 485 patients were recruited in the study. The most common diagnoses were melasma (166 patients) and post acne hyperpigmentation (71 patients). Quality of life impairment was highest in patients having melasma with steroid induced rosacea-like dermatitis (DLQI = 13.54 ± 1.30), while it was lowest in participants with ephelides (2.45 ± 1.23).Facial melanoses are a common presenting complaint and lead to substantial

2020 BMC Dermatology

326. Dermoscopy and VISIA imager evaluations of non-insulated microneedle radiofrequency versus fractional CO<sub>2</sub> laser treatments of striae distensae. (Abstract)

was 5.35 and 2.35 on the right side and left side, respectively, which was significant (P = 0.0016). Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) manifested in six patients on their left sides and four patients on their right sides. In most cases, this had resolved by the 3-month follow-up.Non-insulated microneedle radiofrequency and fractional CO2 laser are both effective and safe treatment options for SD. PIH is a possible side effect but is more likely with fractional CO2 laser treatment. However

2020 Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology

329. Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) Treatment (PDQ®): Health Professional Version

significant elevation or induration. Presence/absence of hypo- or hyperpigmentation, scale, crusting, and/or poikiloderma should be noted. c For skin, plaque indicates any size skin lesion that is elevated or indurated. Presence/absence of scale, crusting, and/or poikiloderma should be noted. Histologic features such as folliculotropism, large cell transformation (>25% large cells) and CD30 positivity or negativity, as well as clinical features such as ulceration, are important to document. d For blood

2018 PDQ - NCI's Comprehensive Cancer Database

332. Pruritus vulvae: What are the possible causes of pruritus vulvae?

and hyperpigmentation occurs when dermatitis is chronic. It can be caused by: Proprietary creams (especially those containing local anaesthetics). Topical antibiotic preparations (for example, neomycin). Barrier contraceptives or lubricants. Perfumes, soaps, bubble baths, or wet wipes. Detergents, fabric conditioners, bleaches, or dyes. Psoriasis — due to the moisture and friction of skin folds, the classic psoriatic lesion (well-demarcated border, with erythematous plaques and silvery scale) is replaced

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

333. Addison's disease: When should I suspect Addison's disease?

for more than 1 year before diagnosis. A person with Addison's disease may present with a sudden crisis precipitated by intercurrent infection or stress. Features include hypotension, hypovolaemic shock, acute abdominal pain, low-grade fever, and vomiting. Also consider Addison's disease in a person with persistent, non-specific symptoms, such as: Fatigue — this affects most people with Addison's disease. Hyperpigmentation (due to increased pituitary adrenocorticotrophic hormone) — this affects 92

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

334. Warts - anogenital: Scenario: Management

the cream, allow the redness to subside, and then gradually reintroduce it once or twice a week. That permanent hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation may occur. To avoid applying excessive amounts of the cream and to follow the instructions for application carefully. Excess cream or prolonged contact with the skin may result in a severe reaction at the application site. What advice should I give someone using podophyllotoxin? Advise anyone using podophyllotoxin: On how to apply the cream

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

335. Superficial vein thrombosis (superficial thrombophlebitis)

include infection, skin changes (hyperpigmentation and/or a persistent firm subcutaneous nodule at the affected site), and varicose veins (if the valves are damaged during recanalization of the thrombosed vein). Uncomplicated superficial vein thrombosis is generally considered to be a benign and self-limiting condition, and symptoms generally subside in 1–2 weeks, although hardness of the vein may persist for longer. If the condition is associated with varicose veins, it has a high likelihood

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

336. Rosacea : Oral antibiotics

: Dyspnoea, hypotension, peripheral oedema, tachycardia (common). Gastrointestinal disturbances, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhoea (uncommon). Antibiotic-associated colitis, anxiety, arthralgia, flushing, increased intracranial pressure with papilloedema, myalgia, severe skin reactions, skin hyperpigmentation (long-term use), tinnitus, vision disorders (rare). Stop treatment and seek medical advice if the person develops severe headache and/or visual disturbance that may suggest benign intracranial

2016 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

337. Guideline for the Treatment of Acne

and inflammatory lesions including papules, pustules and nodules. Scarring and post inflammatory hyperpigmentation are frequently seen clinical signs in acne. It also commonly affects the back (60 %) and chest (15 %) [2]. Seborrhoea is a frequent feature [3]. The clinical picture embraces a spectrum of signs, ranging from mild comedonal acne, with or without sparse inflammatory lesions (IL), to acne conglobate or aggressive fulminate disease with deep-seated inflammation, nodules and in some cases associated (...) and the use of both disease and quality of life scores is suggested [21]. Persisting hyperpigmentation after active acne has settled is of great concern to many patients. An instrument to measure this has been described, the post acne hyperpigmentation index (PAHPI) [22]. 2.1.1.2 Global assessment techniques Global assessment scales incorporate the entirety of the clinical presentation into a single category of severity. Each category is defined by either photographs with a corresponding numeric scale

2016 European Dermatology Forum

338. Compression stockings as an effective treatment for erythema nodosum: Case series Full Text available with Trip Pro

effects or require a change in lifestyle. We investigated the effects of moderate 20 mmHg to 30 mmHg compression stockings as an alternative treatment method in two female patients with recurrent erythema nodosum. In both cases, the patients wore the compression stockings daily. At the follow-up visit, the EN lesions were no longer tender to the touch, and postinflammatory hyperpigmentation changes had started. Both patients had a lasting clinical resolution.

2017 International journal of women's dermatology

339. Physiologic changes of pregnancy: A review of the literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Physiologic changes of pregnancy: A review of the literature Throughout pregnancy, the body undergoes a variety of physiologic changes. The cutaneous findings can be most noticeable and often worrisome to both physicians and patients. Obstetricians and dermatologists must be able to differentiate between changes that are benign and those that may be pathologic. Most physicians recognize benign changes that are commonly described in literature such as hyperpigmentation, melasma, striae

2017 International journal of women's dermatology

340. Melanoma in pregnancy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Melanoma in pregnancy Melanoma is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in pregnancy and has a high metastatic potential. As the incidence of melanoma increases, careful clinical evaluation of suspicious skin lesions remains the mainstay of early diagnosis. There is controversy in the literature as to whether pregnancy-associated melanoma has worse survival than other melanomas. Any changing-pigmented lesion should be biopsied, regardless of pregnancy hyperpigmentation. Increased

2017 Obstetric medicine

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