How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

3,411 results for

Human Trafficking

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

141. Conserved Oligomeric Golgi and Neuronal Vesicular Trafficking Full Text available with Trip Pro

Conserved Oligomeric Golgi and Neuronal Vesicular Trafficking The conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex is an evolutionary conserved multi-subunit vesicle tethering complex essential for the majority of Golgi apparatus functions: protein and lipid glycosylation and protein sorting. COG is present in neuronal cells, but the repertoire of COG function in different Golgi-like compartments is an enigma. Defects in COG subunits cause alteration of Golgi morphology, protein trafficking (...) , and glycosylation resulting in human congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) type II. In this review we summarize and critically analyze recent advances in the function of Golgi and Golgi-like compartments in neuronal cells and functions and dysfunctions of the COG complex and its partner proteins.

2018 Handbook of experimental pharmacology

142. Engineering a multicellular vascular niche to model hematopoietic cell trafficking Full Text available with Trip Pro

Engineering a multicellular vascular niche to model hematopoietic cell trafficking The marrow microenvironment and vasculature plays a critical role in regulating hematopoietic cell recruitment, residence, and maturation. Extensive in vitro and in vivo studies have aimed to understand the marrow cell types that contribute to hematopoiesis and the stem cell environment. Nonetheless, in vitro models are limited by a lack of complex multicellular interactions, and cellular interactions (...) are not easily manipulated in vivo. Here, we develop an engineered human vascular marrow niche to examine the three-dimensional cell interactions that direct hematopoietic cell trafficking.Using soft lithography and injection molding techniques, fully endothelialized vascular networks were fabricated in type I collagen matrix, and co-cultured under flow with embedded marrow fibroblast cells in the matrix. Marrow fibroblast (mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), HS27a, or HS5) interactions with the endothelium were

2018 Stem cell research & therapy

143. Defects in intracellular trafficking of fungal cell wall synthases lead to aberrant host immune recognition Full Text available with Trip Pro

Defects in intracellular trafficking of fungal cell wall synthases lead to aberrant host immune recognition The human fungal pathogen, Cryptococcus neoformans, dramatically alters its cell wall, both in size and composition, upon entering the host. This cell wall remodeling is essential for host immune avoidance by this pathogen. In a genetic screen for mutants with changes in their cell wall, we identified a novel protein, Mar1, that controls cell wall organization and immune evasion. Through (...) exposure is likely due to decreased levels of glucans and mannans in the outer cell wall layers. We observed that the Mar1 protein differentially localizes to cellular membranes in a condition dependent manner, and we have further shown that the mar1Δ mutant displays defects in intracellular trafficking, resulting in a mislocalization of the β-glucan synthase catalytic subunit, Fks1. These cell surface changes influence the host-pathogen interaction, resulting in increased macrophage activation

2018 PLoS pathogens

144. N-Glycosylation Regulates the Trafficking and Surface Mobility of GluN3A-Containing NMDA Receptors Full Text available with Trip Pro

N-Glycosylation Regulates the Trafficking and Surface Mobility of GluN3A-Containing NMDA Receptors N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) play critical roles in both excitatory neurotransmission and synaptic plasticity. NMDARs containing the nonconventional GluN3A subunit have different functional properties compared to receptors comprised of GluN1/GluN2 subunits. Previous studies showed that GluN1/GluN2 receptors are regulated by N-glycosylation; however, limited information is available (...) modified N-glycan structures, including hybrid/complex forms of N-glycans. We also found (either using a panel of inhibitors or by studying human fibroblasts derived from patients with a congenital disorder of glycosylation) that N-glycan remodeling is not required for the surface delivery of GluN3A-containing NMDARs. Finally, we found that the surface mobility of GluN3A-containing NMDARs in hippocampal neurons is increased following incubation with 1-deoxymannojirimycin (DMM, an inhibitor

2018 Frontiers in molecular neuroscience

145. How Simian Virus 40 Hijacks the Intracellular Protein Trafficking Pathway to Its Own Benefit … and Ours Full Text available with Trip Pro

How Simian Virus 40 Hijacks the Intracellular Protein Trafficking Pathway to Its Own Benefit … and Ours Viruses efficiently transfer and express their genes in host cells and evolve to evade the host's defense responses. These properties render them highly attractive for use as gene delivery vectors in vaccines, gene, and immunotherapies. Among the viruses used as gene delivery vectors, the macaque polyomavirus Simian Virus 40 (SV40) is unique in its capacity to evade intracellular antiviral (...) defense responses upon cell entry. We here describe the unique way by which SV40 particles deliver their genomes in the nucleus of permissive cells and how they prevent presentation of viral antigens to the host's immune system. The non-immunogenicity in its natural host is not only of benefit to the virus but also to us in developing effective SV40 vector-based treatments for today's major human diseases.

2018 Frontiers in immunology

146. Visualizing Mutation-Specific Differences in the Trafficking-Deficient Phenotype of Kv11.1 Proteins Linked to Long QT Syndrome Type 2 Full Text available with Trip Pro

, but it dramatically increased the diffuse immunostaining of F805C-Kv11.1 protein in the transitional ER. Similar results were seen after incubating cells in the proteasome inhibitor lactacystin. Differences in the cellular distribution of G601S-Kv11.1 and F805C-Kv11.1 protein persisted in transfected human inducible pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes. These are the first data to visually demonstrate mutation-specific differences in the trafficking-deficient LQT2 phenotype, and this study has identified (...) Visualizing Mutation-Specific Differences in the Trafficking-Deficient Phenotype of Kv11.1 Proteins Linked to Long QT Syndrome Type 2 KCNH2 encodes the Kv11.1 α-subunit that underlies the rapidly activating delayed-rectifier K+ current in the heart. Loss-of-function KCNH2 mutations cause long QT syndrome type 2 (LQT2), and most LQT2-linked missense mutations inhibit the trafficking of Kv11.1 channel protein to the cell surface membrane. Several trafficking-deficient LQT2 mutations (e.g., G601S

2018 Frontiers in physiology

147. Intracellular Trafficking and Persistence of Acinetobacter baumannii Requires Transcription Factor EB Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intracellular Trafficking and Persistence of Acinetobacter baumannii Requires Transcription Factor EB Acinetobacter baumannii is a significant human pathogen associated with hospital-acquired infections. While adhesion, an initial and important step in A. baumannii infection, is well characterized, the intracellular trafficking of this pathogen inside host cells remains poorly studied. Here, we demonstrate that transcription factor EB (TFEB) is activated after A. baumannii infection of human (...) TFEB as a conserved key factor in the pathogenesis of A. baumannii. IMPORTANCE Adhesion is an initial and important step in Acinetobacter baumannii infections. However, the mechanism of entrance and persistence inside host cells is unclear and remains to be understood. In this study, we report that, in addition to its known role in host defense against Gram-positive bacterial infection, TFEB also plays an important role in the intracellular trafficking of A. baumannii in host cells. TFEB

2018 mSphere

148. Vps35-deficiency impairs SLC4A11 trafficking and promotes corneal dystrophy. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Vps35-deficiency impairs SLC4A11 trafficking and promotes corneal dystrophy. Vps35 (vacuolar protein sorting 35) is a major component of retromer that selectively promotes endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of transmembrane proteins. Dysfunction of retromer is a risk factor for the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, Vps35/retromer's function in the eye or the contribution of Vps35-deficiency to eye degenerative disorders remains to be explored. Here we (...) provide evidence for a critical role of Vps35 in mouse corneal dystrophy. Vps35 is expressed in mouse and human cornea. Mouse cornea from Vps35 heterozygotes (Vps35+/-) show features of dystrophy, such as loss of both endothelial and epithelial cell densities, disorganizations of endothelial, stroma, and epithelial cells, excrescences in the Descemet membrane, and corneal edema. Additionally, corneal epithelial cell proliferation was reduced in Vps35-deficient mice. Intriguingly, cell surface

2017 PLoS ONE

149. Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate is required for KCNQ1/KCNE1 channel function but not anterograde trafficking. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate is required for KCNQ1/KCNE1 channel function but not anterograde trafficking. The slow delayed-rectifier potassium current (IKs) is crucial for human cardiac action potential repolarization. The formation of IKs requires co-assembly of the KCNQ1 α-subunit and KCNE1 β-subunit, and mutations in either of these subunits can lead to hereditary long QT syndrome types 1 and 5, respectively. It is widely recognised that the KCNQ1/KCNE1 (Q1/E1) channel requires (...) phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) binding for function. We previously identified a cluster of basic residues in the proximal C-terminus of KCNQ1 that form a PIP2/phosphoinositide binding site. Upon charge neutralisation of these residues we found that the channel became more retained in the endoplasmic reticulum, which raised the possibility that channel-phosphoinositide interactions could play a role in channel trafficking. To explore this further we used a chemically induced dimerization (CID) system

2017 PLoS ONE

150. β-Adrenergic receptor trafficking, degradation, and cell-surface expression are altered in dermal fibroblasts from hypertrophic scars. Full Text available with Trip Pro

expression, trafficking, and degradation in human dermal fibroblasts from hypertrophic scar [HSF], non-scar fibroblasts, and normal fibroblasts. We also investigated the modulation of these events by propranolol. Catecholamine-stimulated cAMP production was lower in HSFs and non-scar fibroblasts than in normal fibroblasts. β1- and β2-AR cell surface expression was lowest in HSFs, but propranolol increased cell surface expression of these receptors. Basal β2-AR ubiquitination was higher in HSFs than non (...) β-Adrenergic receptor trafficking, degradation, and cell-surface expression are altered in dermal fibroblasts from hypertrophic scars. Burn trauma elevates catecholamines for up to 2 years and causes hypertrophic scarring. Propranolol, a nonspecific β1-, β2-adrenergic receptor (AR) inverse agonist, counters the hypermetabolic response to elevated catecholamines and may decrease hypertrophic scarring by an unknown mechanism. We investigated the effect of burn injury on β1-, β2-, and β3-AR

2018 Journal of Investigative Dermatology

151. COMMD Family Regulates Plasma LDL Levels and Attenuates Atherosclerosis Through Stabilizing the CCC Complex in Endosomal LDLR Trafficking. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and atherosclerosis in ApoE3*Leiden mice.Collectively, these findings demonstrate a strong interrelationship between COMMD proteins and the core of the CCC complex in endosomal LDLR trafficking. Hepatic disruption of either of these CCC components causes hypercholesterolemia and exacerbates atherosclerosis. Our results indicate that not only COMMD1 but all other COMMDs and CCC components may be potential targets for modulating plasma lipid levels in humans.© 2018 American Heart Association, Inc. (...) COMMD Family Regulates Plasma LDL Levels and Attenuates Atherosclerosis Through Stabilizing the CCC Complex in Endosomal LDLR Trafficking. COMMD (copper metabolism MURR1 domain)-containing proteins are a part of the CCC (COMMD-CCDC22 [coiled-coil domain containing 22]-CCDC93 [coiled-coil domain containing 93]) complex facilitating endosomal trafficking of cell surface receptors. Hepatic COMMD1 inactivation decreases CCDC22 and CCDC93 protein levels, impairs the recycling of the LDLR (low

2018 Circulation Research

152. Chronic kidney disease alters lipid trafficking and inflammatory responses in macrophages: effects of liver X receptor agonism. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chronic kidney disease alters lipid trafficking and inflammatory responses in macrophages: effects of liver X receptor agonism. Our aim was to evaluate lipid trafficking and inflammatory response of macrophages exposed to lipoproteins from subjects with moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD), and to investigate the potential benefits of activating cellular cholesterol transporters via liver X receptor (LXR) agonism.LDL and HDL were isolated by sequential density gradient (...) ultracentrifugation of plasma from patients with stage 3-4 CKD and individuals without kidney disease (HDLCKD and HDLCont, respectively). Uptake of LDL, cholesterol efflux to HDL, and cellular inflammatory responses were assessed in human THP-1 cells. HDL effects on inflammatory markers (MCP-1, TNF-α, IL-1β), Toll-like receptors-2 (TLR-2) and - 4 (TLR-4), ATP-binding cassette class A transporter (ABCA1), NF-κB, extracellular signal regulated protein kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) were assessed by RT-PCR and western blot

2018 BMC Nephrology

153. Acute pain alters P-glycoprotein-containing protein complexes in rat cerebral microvessels: Implications for P-glycoprotein trafficking. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acute pain alters P-glycoprotein-containing protein complexes in rat cerebral microvessels: Implications for P-glycoprotein trafficking. P-glycoprotein (PgP) is the major drug efflux pump in human cerebral microvessels. PgP prevents pathogens, toxins and therapeutic drugs from entering the CNS. Understanding the molecular regulation of PgP activity will suggest novel mechanisms to improve CNS drug delivery. Previously, we found that during peripheral inflammatory pain (PIP) (3 h after λ (...) CAV1 (Y14P-CAV1) in the complex increased. There were few PgP/CAV1 complexes relative to total PgP and CAV1 in the microvessels suggesting CAV1 bound to PgP is unlikely to affect total PgP activity. However, both PgP and CAV1 trafficked away from the nucleus in response to PIP. These data suggest that P-CAV1 bound to PgP potentially regulates PgP trafficking and contributes to the acute PgP activity increase after a PIP stimulus.

2018 Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism

154. Survivors of Sex Trafficking: Occupation-Based Interventions for Executive Functioning

environments and experiencing early sexual trauma, can result in interrupted development of executive functioning skills Although the current OT literature in the area of human and sex trafficking provide recommendations regarding areas of advocacy, education and occupation-based interventions, there is no empirical evidence to date investigating the efficacy of occupation-based interventions with survivors of sex trafficking (SST). The research question addressed in this pilot study was whether occupation (...) Survivors of Sex Trafficking: Occupation-Based Interventions for Executive Functioning Survivors of Sex Trafficking: Occupation-Based Interventions for Executive Functioning - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies

2018 Clinical Trials

155. Dimerization of sortilin regulates its trafficking to extracellular vesicles Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dimerization of sortilin regulates its trafficking to extracellular vesicles Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play a critical role in intercellular communication by transferring microRNAs, lipids, and proteins to neighboring cells. Sortilin, a sorting receptor that directs target proteins to the secretory or endocytic compartments of cells, is found in both EVs and cells. In many human diseases, including cancer and cardiovascular disorders, sortilin expression levels are atypically high (...) . To elucidate the relationship between cardiovascular disease, particularly vascular calcification, and sortilin expression levels, we explored the trafficking of sortilin in both the intracellular and extracellular milieu. We previously demonstrated that sortilin promotes vascular calcification via its trafficking of tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase to EVs. Although recent reports have noted that sortilin is regulated by multiple post-translational modifications, the precise mechanisms of sortilin

2018 The Journal of biological chemistry

156. Mucolipin-2 Cation Channel Increases Trafficking Efficiency of Endocytosed Viruses Full Text available with Trip Pro

show that MCOLN2 specifically promotes viral vesicular trafficking and subsequent escape from endosomal compartments. This mechanism requires channel activity, occurs independently of antiviral signaling, and broadly applies to enveloped RNA viruses that require transport to late endosomes for infection, including influenza A virus, yellow fever virus, and Zika virus. We further identify a rare allelic variant of human MCOLN2 that has a loss-of-function phenotype with respect to viral enhancement (...) Mucolipin-2 Cation Channel Increases Trafficking Efficiency of Endocytosed Viruses Receptor-mediated endocytosis is a cellular process commonly hijacked by viruses to enter cells. The stages of entry are well described for certain viruses, but the host factors that mediate each step are less well characterized. We previously identified endosomal cation channel mucolipin-2 (MCOLN2) as a host factor that promotes viral infection. Here, we assign a role for MCOLN2 in modulating viral entry. We

2018 mBio

157. The Peroxygenase Activity of the Aspergillus flavus Caleosin, AfPXG, Modulates the Biosynthesis of Aflatoxins and Their Trafficking and Extracellular Secretion via Lipid Droplets Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Peroxygenase Activity of the Aspergillus flavus Caleosin, AfPXG, Modulates the Biosynthesis of Aflatoxins and Their Trafficking and Extracellular Secretion via Lipid Droplets Aflatoxins (AF) are highly detrimental to human and animal health. We recently demonstrated that the Aspergillus flavus caleosin, AfPXG, had peroxygenase activity and mediated fungal development and AF accumulation. We now report the characterization of an AfPXG-deficient line using reference strain NRRL3357 (...) for AF biosynthesis and that integration of AF into LDs was required for their export via a LD-dependent pathway. Ectopic expression in fungal cells of the plant LD-associated protein, oleosin, also resulted in both additional LD accumulation and enhanced AF secretion. These results suggest that both fungal LDs and their associated caleosin proteins are intimately involved in the biosynthesis, trafficking, and secretion of AF.

2018 Frontiers in microbiology

158. High content organelle trafficking enables disease state profiling as powerful tool for disease modelling Full Text available with Trip Pro

chambers to achieve compartmentalization and established high throughput live organelle imaging at standardized distal and proximal axonal readout sites in iPSC-derived spinal motor neuron cultures from human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients to study trafficking phenotypes of potential disease relevance. Our semi-automated pipeline of organelle tracking with FIJI and KNIME yields quantitative, multiparametric high content phenotypic signatures of organelle morphology and their trafficking (...) High content organelle trafficking enables disease state profiling as powerful tool for disease modelling Neurodegenerative diseases pose a complex field with various neuronal subtypes and distinct differentially affected intra-neuronal compartments. Modelling of neurodegeneration requires faithful in vitro separation of axons and dendrites, their distal and proximal compartments as well as organelle tracking with defined retrograde versus anterograde directionality. We use microfluidic

2018 Scientific data

159. HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trafficking through the Endosomal Recycling Compartment Is Required for Particle Incorporation Full Text available with Trip Pro

HIV-1 Envelope Glycoprotein Trafficking through the Endosomal Recycling Compartment Is Required for Particle Incorporation The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) envelope glycoprotein (Env) encodes specific trafficking signals within its long cytoplasmic tail (CT) that regulate incorporation into HIV-1 particles. Rab11-family interacting protein 1C (FIP1C) and Rab14 are host trafficking factors required for Env particle incorporation, suggesting that Env undergoes sorting from (...) the endosomal recycling compartment (ERC) to the site of particle assembly on the plasma membrane. We disrupted outward sorting from the ERC by expressing a C-terminal fragment of FIP1C (FIP1C560-649) and examined the consequences on Env trafficking and incorporation into particles. FIP1C560-649 reduced cell surface levels of Env and prevented its incorporation into HIV-1 particles. Remarkably, Env was trapped in an exaggerated perinuclear ERC in a CT-dependent manner. Mutation of either the Yxxϕ endocytic

2018 Journal of virology

160. Papillomaviruses and Endocytic Trafficking Full Text available with Trip Pro

Papillomaviruses and Endocytic Trafficking Endocytic trafficking plays a major role in transport of incoming human papillomavirus (HPVs) from plasma membrane to the trans Golgi network (TGN) and ultimately into the nucleus. During this infectious entry, several cellular sorting factors are recruited by the viral capsid protein L2, which plays a critical role in ensuring successful transport of the L2/viral DNA complex to the nucleus. Later in the infection cycle, two viral oncoproteins, E5

2018 International journal of molecular sciences

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>