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Human Trafficking

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1. Human Trafficking

Human Trafficking Human Trafficking - ACOG Menu ▼ Human Trafficking Page Navigation ▼ Number 787 (Replaces Committee Opinion Number 507, September 2011) Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women This Committee Opinion was developed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ Committee on Health Care for Underserved Women in collaboration with committee members Veronica Gillispie, MD, Jennefer A. Russo, MD, MPH, and Kavita Shah Arora, MD, MBE, MS. Human Trafficking ABSTRACT (...) : Human trafficking, or modern-day slavery, is a global problem with broad reach that is often underrecognized in the United States. Victims of trafficking have been found in a wide range of legal and illegal business settings, and this frequently hidden population is most often exploited in the commercial sex industry, agriculture, factories, hotels, restaurants, as domestic workers, and by marriage brokers and some adoption firms. Human trafficking disproportionately affects underserved women

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

2. CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module

CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module - CanadiEM CAEP FEI | Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module In , by Julianna Deutscher September 21, 2018 Jeremy is a second year resident who is about to see a 25 year old female presenting with abdominal pain. During the history he notices the patient is remarkably quiet and that the patient’s male friend is answering all the questions for her. When Jeremy asks the male (...) friend to leave the room for a moment, both the patient and the friend object. Jeremy starts wondering if this patient might be a victim of human trafficking. He wishes there was a resource he could consult to better learn about identifying patients of human trafficking. This Feature Educational Innovation (FEI), titled, “ Human Trafficking Awareness: A Learning Module for Improved Recognition of Victims in the Emergency Room ” was originally posted by the in 2017 and answers the question: “ How can

2018 CandiEM

3. Sexual violence at each stage of human trafficking cycle and associated factors: a retrospective cohort study on Ethiopian female returnees via three major trafficking corridors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sexual violence at each stage of human trafficking cycle and associated factors: a retrospective cohort study on Ethiopian female returnees via three major trafficking corridors. Evidence showed that the prevalence of sexual violence during the whole human trafficking period was high. However, the distribution of sexual violence along the stages of the trafficking cycle is unclear. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of sexual violence at each stage of trafficking and factors (...) associated with it among Ethiopian trafficked females.A retrospective cohort study was conducted to study trafficking returnees regarding their previous experiences at each stage of trafficking.Data were collected at immigration offices in three border towns of Ethiopia located bordering Sudan, Kenya and Djibouti.Six hundred and seventy-one women who were trafficked from Ethiopia were recruited into the study consecutively. They were recruited when they came back home via the three border towns either

2019 BMJ open

4. Socio-economic, trafficking exposures and mental health symptoms of human trafficking returnees in Ethiopia: using a generalized structural equation modelling Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socio-economic, trafficking exposures and mental health symptoms of human trafficking returnees in Ethiopia: using a generalized structural equation modelling Mental health problems among trafficked persons could be the result of concomitantly interwoven effects of various factors. Analyzing the networked relationships concurrently could be a more substantive approach to better understand the role of risk factors in this population. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of mental health (...) symptoms as well as the association among socio-demographic, trafficking related exposure variables, and mental health problems of Ethiopian returnees from trafficking.A sample of 1387 returnees who were trafficked via three major human trafficking corridors of Ethiopia were selected consecutively. Data related to socio-economic, trafficking exposure variables, and symptoms of mental illness were collected in personal interviews. Anxiety was measured with a brief measure for generalized anxiety

2018 International journal of mental health systems

5. Engaging Survivors of Human Trafficking: Complex Health Care Needs and Scarce Resources. (Abstract)

Engaging Survivors of Human Trafficking: Complex Health Care Needs and Scarce Resources. Human trafficking, also known as modern-day slavery, is an egregious human rights violation associated with wide-ranging medical and mental health consequences. Because of the extensive health problems related to trafficking, health care providers play a critical role in identifying survivors and engaging them in ongoing care. Although guidelines for recognizing affected patients and a framework

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

6. Human Marfan and Marfan-like Syndrome associated mutations lead to altered trafficking of the Type II TGFβ receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Human Marfan and Marfan-like Syndrome associated mutations lead to altered trafficking of the Type II TGFβ receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans. The transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) family plays an important role in many developmental processes and when mutated often contributes to various diseases. Marfan syndrome is a genetic disease with an occurrence of approximately 1 in 5,000. The disease is caused by mutations in fibrillin, which lead to an increase in TGFβ ligand activity, resulting (...) previous studies on receptor trafficking in C. elegans, we noticed that many of these receptor mutations that lead to Marfan-like syndromes overlap with mutations that cause mis-trafficking of the receptor, suggesting a link between Marfan-like syndromes and TGFβ receptor trafficking. To test this hypothesis, we introduced three of these key MFS and MFS-like mutations into the C. elegans TGFβ receptor and asked if receptor trafficking is altered. We find that in every case studied, mutated receptors

2019 PLoS ONE

7. Prevalence and risk of violence and of physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health harms among victims of trafficking in human beings: an updated systematic review

Prevalence and risk of violence and of physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health harms among victims of trafficking in human beings: an updated systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

8. A systematic review of mental health needs assessment tools for survivors of modern-day slavery and human trafficking

A systematic review of mental health needs assessment tools for survivors of modern-day slavery and human trafficking Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

9. A qualitative systematic review and narrative synthesis of the mental health experiences of survivors of modern slavery/human trafficking

A qualitative systematic review and narrative synthesis of the mental health experiences of survivors of modern slavery/human trafficking Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2019 PROSPERO

10. Insulin stimulates GLUT4 trafficking to the syncytiotrophoblast basal plasma membrane in the human placenta. (Abstract)

Insulin stimulates GLUT4 trafficking to the syncytiotrophoblast basal plasma membrane in the human placenta. Placental transport capacity influences fetal glucose supply. The syncytiotrophoblast is the transporting epithelium in the human placenta, expressing glucose transporters (GLUT) and insulin receptors (IR) in its maternal-facing microvillous (MVM) and fetal-facing basal plasma membrane (BM).The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the expression of the insulin-sensitive GLUT4 (...) glucose transporter and IR in the syncytiotrophoblast plasma membranes across gestation in normal pregnancy and in pregnancies complicated by maternal obesity and (2) assess the effect of insulin on GLUT4 plasma membrane trafficking in human placental explants.Placental tissue was collected across gestation from women with normal body mass index (BMI) and obese mothers with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) and macrosomic infants. MVM and BM were isolated.Protein expression of GLUT4, GLUT1 and IR

2019 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

11. Estimating the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Ohio, 2014-2016. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Estimating the Prevalence of Human Trafficking in Ohio, 2014-2016. Objectives. To develop statewide estimates of known victims and individuals at risk of human trafficking in Ohio.Methods. We collected information from 12 state and local sources including child welfare, legal services, and law enforcement data. We collected the data from agency records dating 2013 to 2018. However, the majority of data were from calendar years 2014, 2015, and 2016 (roughly 95% across individual and aggregate (...) sources). We used probabilistic matching to estimate victim and at-risk cases-accounting for duplicates.Results. According to available data, there were 1032 known victims during the study time frame. We identified approximately 4209 at-risk individuals based on youths presenting with common risk factors for trafficking victimization.Conclusions. Estimating the prevalence of human trafficking is an important public health research priority. As the first "cataloging" of existing record systems in Ohio

2019 American Journal of Public Health

12. Human Trafficking: ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION SUMMARY, Number 787. (Abstract)

Human Trafficking: ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION SUMMARY, Number 787. Human trafficking, or modern-day slavery, is a global problem with broad reach that is often underrecognized in the United States. Victims of trafficking have been found in a wide range of legal and illegal business settings, and this frequently hidden population is most often exploited in the commercial sex industry, agriculture, factories, hotels, restaurants, as domestic workers, and by marriage brokers and some adoption firms (...) . Human trafficking disproportionately affects underserved women and children, with more than 70% of trafficking cases involving women and girls and more than 90% of victims trafficked into the sex industry. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other women's health care providers are well-situated to identify and assist victims of human trafficking. Many trafficked individuals present to outpatient obstetrics and gynecology clinics, community health centers, family planning clinics, urgent care centers

2019 Obstetrics and Gynecology

13. Human Trafficking: ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION, Number 787. (Abstract)

Human Trafficking: ACOG COMMITTEE OPINION, Number 787. Human trafficking, or modern-day slavery, is a global problem with broad reach that is often underrecognized in the United States. Victims of trafficking have been found in a wide range of legal and illegal business settings, and this frequently hidden population is most often exploited in the commercial sex industry, agriculture, factories, hotels, restaurants, as domestic workers, and by marriage brokers and some adoption firms. Human (...) trafficking disproportionately affects underserved women and children, with more than 70% of trafficking cases involving women and girls and more than 90% of victims trafficked into the sex industry. Obstetrician-gynecologists and other women's health care providers are well-situated to identify and assist victims of human trafficking. Many trafficked individuals present to outpatient obstetrics and gynecology clinics, community health centers, family planning clinics, urgent care centers, and adolescent

2019 Obstetrics and Gynecology

14. The healthcare response to human trafficking: A need for globally harmonized ICD codes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The healthcare response to human trafficking: A need for globally harmonized ICD codes. In a Perspective, Jordan Greenbaum and Hanni Stoklosa make the case for inclusion of codes for human trafficking in international diagnosis classification systems.

2019 PLoS medicine

15. Human trafficking and labor exploitation: Toward identifying, implementing, and evaluating effective responses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Human trafficking and labor exploitation: Toward identifying, implementing, and evaluating effective responses. In an Editorial, Ligia Kiss and Cathy Zimmerman discuss the need for research on the prevention of human trafficking and mitigation of its effects.

2019 PLoS medicine

16. Human trafficking among Ethiopian returnees: its magnitude and risk factors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Human trafficking among Ethiopian returnees: its magnitude and risk factors. Human trafficking was affecting a number of individuals in Ethiopia that resulted in various health problems and human right violations. Though the pushing and pulling factors of human trafficking were identified qualitatively, their effect on trafficking status were not measured quantitatively; the magnitude of human trafficking among returnees was not also quantified.Primary data were collected from 1342 Ethiopian (...) returning migrants from abroad via Metemma-Yohannes, Moyale, and Galafi border towns from May to October 2016 consecutively. The status of each returnee as trafficked or non-trafficked was determined based on the UN 2000 definition of human trafficking. Factor analyses were conducted on the push and pull factors of migration to identify the underlying constructs. Considering the common underlying concept of items that load on the push and pull factors, the newly emerged construct variables were named

2019 BMC Public Health

17. A systematic review of interventions to support the mental health of survivors of modern slavery and human trafficking

A systematic review of interventions to support the mental health of survivors of modern slavery and human trafficking Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

18. How effective and cost-effective are casework and client support interventions in improving health and social outcomes for victims of modern slavery and human trafficking, asylum seekers and refugees?

How effective and cost-effective are casework and client support interventions in improving health and social outcomes for victims of modern slavery and human trafficking, asylum seekers and refugees? Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2018 PROSPERO

19. Experiences of maternity care and pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to sexual violence and human trafficking: a qualitative meta-synthesis

Experiences of maternity care and pregnancy outcomes in women exposed to sexual violence and human trafficking: a qualitative meta-synthesis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

20. γ2 GABAAR Trafficking and the Consequences of Human Genetic Variation Full Text available with Trip Pro

γ2 GABAAR Trafficking and the Consequences of Human Genetic Variation GABA type A receptors (GABAARs) mediate the majority of fast inhibitory neurotransmission in the central nervous system (CNS). Most prevalent as heteropentamers composed of two α, two β, and a γ2 subunit, these ligand-gated ionotropic chloride channels are capable of extensive genetic diversity (α1-6, β1-3, γ1-3, δ, , , π, ρ1-3). Part of this selective GABAAR assembly arises from the critical role for γ2 in maintaining (...) γ2 subunit human genetic variation and assess disease related phenotypes and the potential role of altered GABAAR trafficking. Finally, we discuss new-age imaging techniques and their potential to provide novel insight into critical regulatory mechanisms of GABAAR function.

2018 Frontiers in cellular neuroscience

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