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High Pressure Injection Wound

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121. Male Sexual Dysfunction

(penile rehabilitation) in the patient after brachytherapy for prostate cancer. Brachytherapy, 2012. 11: 87. 82. Cordeiro, E.R., et al. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for definitive treatment of prostate cancer. BJU Int, 2012. 110: 1228. 83. Williams, S.B., et al. Comparative effectiveness of cryotherapy vs brachytherapy for localised prostate cancer. BJU Int, 2012. 110: E92. 84. Hatzichristou, D., et al. Diagnosing Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women: Sexual History Taking and the Role (...) : reproducibility, evaluation criteria and the effect of sexual intercourse. J Urol, 1998. 159: 1921. 110. Hatzichristou, D.G., et al. Hemodynamic characterization of a functional erection. Arterial and corporeal veno-occlusive function in patients with a positive intracavernosal injection test. Eur Urol, 1999. 36: 60. 111. Sikka, S.C., et al. Standardization of vascular assessment of erectile dysfunction: standard operating procedures for duplex ultrasound. J Sex Med, 2013. 10: 120. 112. Pathak, R.A., et al

2019 European Association of Urology

122. Urological Infections

) in patients with chronic prostatitis syndrome. Andrologia, 2005. 37: 61. 256. Ohkawa, M., et al. Antimicrobial treatment for chronic prostatitis as a means of defining the role of Ureaplasma urealyticum. Urol Int, 1993. 51: 129. 257. Jimenez-Cruz, J.F., et al. Treatment of chronic prostatitis: intraprostatic antibiotic injections under echography control. J Urol, 1988. 139: 967. 258. Mayersak, J.S. Transrectal ultrasonography directed intraprostatic injection of gentamycin-xylocaine in the management (...) , and Vaginal Surgery: A Systematic Review. J Minim Invasive Gynecol, 2015. 22: 737. 294. Guenaga, K.F., et al. Mechanical bowel preparation for elective colorectal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2011: CD001544. 295. Dumville, J.C., et al. Preoperative skin antiseptics for preventing surgical wound infections after clean surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2015: CD003949. 296. Webster, J., et al. Use of plastic adhesive drapes during surgery for preventing surgical site infection. Cochrane Database

2019 European Association of Urology

123. Penile Cancer

. Cancer Incidence in Five Continents Vol. VIII. IARC Scientific Publication No. 155. Vol. Vol III. 2002, The International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon CEDEX 08, France. 16. Parkin, D.M., et al. Chapter 2: The burden of HPV-related cancers. Vaccine, 2006. 24 Suppl 3: S3/11. 17. Baldur-Felskov, B., et al. Increased incidence of penile cancer and high-grade penile intraepithelial neoplasia in Denmark 1978-2008: a nationwide population-based study. Cancer Causes (...) . Etiology of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. Scand J Urol Nephrol Suppl, 2000: 189. 22. Maden, C., et al. History of circumcision, medical conditions, and sexual activity and risk of penile cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst, 1993. 85: 19. 23. Tsen, H.F., et al. Risk factors for penile cancer: results of a population-based case-control study in Los Angeles County (United States). Cancer Causes Control, 2001. 12: 267. 24. Afonso, L.A., et al. High Risk Human Papillomavirus Infection of the Foreskin

2019 European Association of Urology

124. Muscle-invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer

. Chrouser, K., et al. Bladder cancer risk following primary and adjuvant external beam radiation for prostate cancer. J Urol, 2005. 174: 107. 26. Nieder, A.M., et al. Radiation therapy for prostate cancer increases subsequent risk of bladder and rectal cancer: a population based cohort study. J Urol, 2008. 180: 2005. 27. Zelefsky, M.J., et al. Incidence of secondary cancer development after high-dose intensity-modulated radiotherapy and image-guided brachytherapy for the treatment of localized prostate (...) latero-montanal biopsies and urethral frozen sections during prostatocystectomy. Eur Urol, 1998. 33: 170. 81. Miladi, M., et al. The value of a second transurethral resection in evaluating patients with bladder tumours. Eur Urol, 2003. 43: 241. 82. Jakse, G., et al. A second-look TUR in T1 transitional cell carcinoma: why? Eur Urol, 2004. 45: 539. 83. Brauers, A., et al. Second resection and prognosis of primary high risk superficial bladder cancer: is cystectomy often too early? J Urol, 2001. 165

2019 European Association of Urology

125. Urinary Incontinence

factors. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct, 2007. 18: 397. 45. Milleman, M., et al. Post-void residual urine volume in women with overactive bladder symptoms. J Urol, 2004. 172: 1911. 46. Brostrom, S., et al. Short-term reproducibility of cystometry and pressure-flow micturition studies in healthy women. Neurourol Urodyn, 2002. 21: 457. 47. Broekhuis, S.R., et al. Reproducibility of same session repeated cystometry and pressure-flow studies in women with symptoms of urinary incontinence (...) . Neurourol Urodyn, 2010. 29: 428. 48. Schick, E., et al. Predictive value of maximum urethral closure pressure, urethral hypermobility and urethral incompetence in the diagnosis of clinically significant female genuine stress incontinence. J Urol, 2004. 171: 1871. 49. Dorflinger, A., et al. Urethral pressure profile: is it affected by position? Neurourol Urodyn, 2002. 21: 553. 50. Wang, A.C., et al. A comparison of urethral pressure profilometry using microtip and double-lumen perfusion catheters

2019 European Association of Urology

126. Dental Management of Pediatric Patients Receiving Chemotherapy, Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, and/or Radiation Therapy

be gently flossed daily. If pain or exces - sive bleeding occurs, the patient should avoid the affected area, but floss the other teeth. 1 Patients with poor oral hygiene and/or periodontal disease may use chlorhexidine rinses daily until the tissue health improves or mucositis develops. 13 The high alcohol content of commercially-available chlorhexidine mouthwash may cause discomfort and dehydrate the tissues in patients with mucositis; thus, an alcohol-free chlorhexidine solution is indicated (...) in this situation. Diet: Dental practitioners should discuss the importance of a healthy diet to maintain nutritional status with an empha- sis on foods that do not promote caries. Patients and parents should be advised about the high cariogenic potential of di- etary supplements rich in carbohydrates and oral pediatric medications rich in sucrose. 6 They should also be instructed that sharp, crunchy, spicy, and highly acidic foods and alcohol should be avoided during chemotherapy, radiation, and HCT. 1

2018 American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry

127. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Prevention and Management of Diabetes in Canada

, London, ON Jean-Marie Ekoé MD CSPQ PD Professor of Medicine, Endocrinology, Metabolism and Nutrition Service of Endocrinology and Metabolism, CHUM, Department of Medicine and Nutrition, University of Montreal, Montréal, QC John Embil BSc(Hon) MD FRCPC FACP Professor Max Rady College of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Director, Health Science Centre Infection Prevention and Control Unit, Coordinator, Diabetic Foot and Complicated Wound Clinic, Winnipeg, MB Dean T. Eurich PhD Professor School

2018 Diabetes Canada

128. Peripheral venous cannulation of children

for this (floating, two-handed, one-step and pushing off the stylet). These are described in full in (PDF) . Individual HCPs will discover their preferred technique through experience ( ; ). Release the tourniquet ( ). Taking care to hold the cannula in position to avoid extravasation, position a piece of clean cotton wool or gauze beneath the end of the cannula hub to absorb any blood that may escape. Remove the stylet while applying digital pressure over the cannula with one finger ( ). Place the stylet safely (...) in the tray, ensuring it is not allowed to contaminate clean unused materials ( ). Continuing to protect the cannula, connect a T-extension using ANTT and flush with 1–2ml of 0.9% normal saline, using a 10ml syringe ( ; ; )( ). Clamp the T extension whilst still flushing using a pulsating push pause technique to create turbulent flow and positive pressure ( ; )( ). Remove the syringe and apply a needless port (eg Microclave ® ) to the end of the T-extension. The HCP is responsible for the safe disposal

2017 Publication 1593

129. Scleroderma Morphea

Forced vital capacity GBCA Gadolinium-based contrast agents GFR Glomerular filtration rate HR-CT High-resolution computed tomography ILD Interstitial lung disease IVIg Intravenous immunoglobulin LFT Lung function test LoSCAT Localized Scleroderma Cutaneous Assessment Tool LoSDI Modified Localized Scleroderma Skin Severity Index LS Localized scleroderma MCTD Mixed connective tissue disease mLoSSI Modified Localized Scleroderma Skin Severity Index MMF Mycophenolate mofetil MMP Matrix metalloproteinases (...) much is known about the early inflammatory phase and the molecular mechanisms involved in the fibroblastic reaction of LS, little is known about the potential triggers of the disease. Among infectious agents, Borrelia organisms have been extensively studied on both sides of the Atlantic. Whereas high rates of Borrelia infections, some of which were detected using highly sensitive new detection techniques such as focus-floating microscopy, have been reported in LS patients from Europe, a variety

2018 European Dermatology Forum

130. Adult Type 1 diabetes mellitus

, high-risk activities). • Advise adults with type 1 diabetes to aim for: - a fasting plasma glucose level of 5–7 mmol/litre on waking and - a plasma glucose level of 4–7 mmol/litre before meals at other times of the day. _________________________ 1 Refer to section 2.9 for a description on the strength of recommendations made10 | Adult type 1 diabetes mellitus | A National Clinical Guideline Insulin therapy • Offer multiple daily injection basal–bolus insulin regimens, rather than twice-daily mixed (...) in ensuring that patients get the best outcomes from their care. The Department of Health is of the view that supporting evidence-based practice, through the clinical effectiveness framework, is a critical element of the health service to deliver safe and high quality care. The National Clinical Effectiveness Committee (NCEC) is a Ministerial committee set up in 2010 as a key recommendation of the report of the Commission on Patient Safety and Quality Assurance (2008). The establishment of the Commission

2018 National Clinical Guidelines (Ireland)

131. Urological Trauma

Physician, 2001. 63: 1567. 261. Selikowitz, S.M. Penetrating high-velocity genitourinary injuries. Part I. Statistics mechanisms, and renal wounds. Urology, 1977. 9: 371. 262. Hudak, S.J., et al. Operative management of wartime genitourinary injuries at Balad Air Force Theater Hospital, 2005 to 2008. J Urol, 2009. 182: 180. 263. Cass, A.S., et al. Bilateral testicular injury from external trauma. J Urol, 1988. 140: 1435. 264. Michielsen, D., et al. Burns to the genitalia and the perineum. J Urol, 1998 (...) expectant (conservative) management of renal trauma--a systematic review. J Trauma, 2005. 59: 493. 29. Sujenthiran, A., et al. Is Nonoperative Management the Best First-line Option for High-grade Renal trauma? A Systematic Review. Eur Urol Focus, 2017. 30. Mingoli, A., et al. Operative and nonoperative management for renal trauma: comparison of outcomes. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Ther Clin Risk Manag, 2017. 13: 1127. 31. Bjurlin, M.A., et al. Comparison of nonoperative management

2018 European Association of Urology

132. Paediatric Urology

., et al. Correction of congenital penile curvature using modified tunical plication with absorbable sutures: the long-term outcome and patient satisfaction. Eur Urol, 2007. 52: 261. 271. Sasso, F., et al. Penile curvature: an update for management from 20 years experience in a high volume centre. Urologia, 2016. 83: 130. 272. Gittes, R.F., et al. Injection technique to induce penile erection. Urology, 1974. 4: 473. 273. Schultheiss, D., et al. Congenital and acquired penile deviation treated (...) therapy with LHRH and HCG in cryptorchid infants. Eur J Pediatr, 1993. 152 Suppl 2: S31. 66. Forest, M.G., et al. Effects of human chorionic gonadotropin, androgens, adrenocorticotropin hormone, dexamethasone and hyperprolactinemia on plasma sex steroid-binding protein. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1988. 538: 214. 67. Aycan, Z., et al. Evaluation of low-dose hCG treatment for cryptorchidism. Turk J Pediatr, 2006. 48: 228. 68. Hesse, V., et al. Three injections of human chorionic gonadotropin are as effective

2018 European Association of Urology

133. Renal Transplantation

uncontrolled donors after cardiac death. Transplant Proc, 2008. 40: 1023. 45. Jochmans, I., et al. Hypothermic machine perfusion of kidneys retrieved from standard and high-risk donors. Transpl Int, 2015. 28: 665. 46. Treckmann, J., et al. Machine perfusion versus cold storage for preservation of kidneys from expanded criteria donors after brain death. Transpl Int, 2011. 24: 548. 47. Gill, J., et al. Pulsatile perfusion reduces the risk of delayed graft function in deceased donor kidney transplants (...) , irrespective of donor type and cold ischemic time. Transplantation, 2014. 97: 668. 48. Matsuno, N., et al. Machine perfusion preservation for kidney grafts with a high creatinine from uncontrolled donation after cardiac death. Transplant Proc, 2010. 42: 155. 49. Jochmans, I., et al. Graft quality assessment in kidney transplantation: not an exact science yet! Curr Opin Organ Transplant, 2011. 16: 174. 50. Thuillier, R., et al. Benefits of active oxygenation during hypothermic machine perfusion of kidneys

2018 European Association of Urology

134. Urological Infections

) in patients with chronic prostatitis syndrome. Andrologia, 2005. 37: 61. 256. Ohkawa, M., et al. Antimicrobial treatment for chronic prostatitis as a means of defining the role of Ureaplasma urealyticum. Urol Int, 1993. 51: 129. 257. Jimenez-Cruz, J.F., et al. Treatment of chronic prostatitis: intraprostatic antibiotic injections under echography control. J Urol, 1988. 139: 967. 258. Mayersak, J.S. Transrectal ultrasonography directed intraprostatic injection of gentamycin-xylocaine in the management (...) , and Vaginal Surgery: A Systematic Review. J Minim Invasive Gynecol, 2015. 22: 737. 294. Guenaga, K.F., et al. Mechanical bowel preparation for elective colorectal surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2011: CD001544. 295. Dumville, J.C., et al. Preoperative skin antiseptics for preventing surgical wound infections after clean surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2015: CD003949. 296. Webster, J., et al. Use of plastic adhesive drapes during surgery for preventing surgical site infection. Cochrane Database

2018 European Association of Urology

135. Male Sexual Dysfunction

(penile rehabilitation) in the patient after brachytherapy for prostate cancer. Brachytherapy, 2012. 11: 87. 82. Cordeiro, E.R., et al. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) for definitive treatment of prostate cancer. BJU Int, 2012. 110: 1228. 83. Williams, S.B., et al. Comparative effectiveness of cryotherapy vs brachytherapy for localised prostate cancer. BJU Int, 2012. 110: E92. 84. Hatzichristou, D., et al. Diagnosing Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women: Sexual History Taking and the Role (...) : reproducibility, evaluation criteria and the effect of sexual intercourse. J Urol, 1998. 159: 1921. 110. Hatzichristou, D.G., et al. Hemodynamic characterization of a functional erection. Arterial and corporeal veno-occlusive function in patients with a positive intracavernosal injection test. Eur Urol, 1999. 36: 60. 111. Sikka, S.C., et al. Standardization of vascular assessment of erectile dysfunction: standard operating procedures for duplex ultrasound. J Sex Med, 2013. 10: 120. 112. Pathak, R.A., et al

2018 European Association of Urology

136. Penile Cancer

in Five Continents Vol. VIII. IARC Scientific Publication No. 155. Vol. Vol III. 2002, The International Agency for Research on Cancer, 150 cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon CEDEX 08, France. 16. Parkin, D.M., et al. Chapter 2: The burden of HPV-related cancers. Vaccine, 2006. 24 Suppl 3: S3/11. 17. Baldur-Felskov, B., et al. Increased incidence of penile cancer and high-grade penile intraepithelial neoplasia in Denmark 1978-2008: a nationwide population-based study. Cancer Causes Control, 2012. 23: 273 (...) carcinoma of the penis. Scand J Urol Nephrol Suppl, 2000: 189. 22. Maden, C., et al. History of circumcision, medical conditions, and sexual activity and risk of penile cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst, 1993. 85: 19. 23. Tsen, H.F., et al. Risk factors for penile cancer: results of a population-based case-control study in Los Angeles County (United States). Cancer Causes Control, 2001. 12: 267. 24. Afonso, L.A., et al. High Risk Human Papillomavirus Infection of the Foreskin in Asymptomatic Men and Patients

2018 European Association of Urology

137. Muscle-invasive and Metastatic Bladder Cancer

. Chrouser, K., et al. Bladder cancer risk following primary and adjuvant external beam radiation for prostate cancer. J Urol, 2005. 174: 107. 26. Nieder, A.M., et al. Radiation therapy for prostate cancer increases subsequent risk of bladder and rectal cancer: a population based cohort study. J Urol, 2008. 180: 2005. 27. Zelefsky, M.J., et al. Incidence of secondary cancer development after high-dose intensity-modulated radiotherapy and image-guided brachytherapy for the treatment of localized prostate (...) latero-montanal biopsies and urethral frozen sections during prostatocystectomy. Eur Urol, 1998. 33: 170. 81. Miladi, M., et al. The value of a second transurethral resection in evaluating patients with bladder tumours. Eur Urol, 2003. 43: 241. 82. Jakse, G., et al. A second-look TUR in T1 transitional cell carcinoma: why? Eur Urol, 2004. 45: 539. 83. Brauers, A., et al. Second resection and prognosis of primary high risk superficial bladder cancer: is cystectomy often too early? J Urol, 2001. 165

2018 European Association of Urology

138. Urinary Incontinence

factors. Int Urogynecol J Pelvic Floor Dysfunct, 2007. 18: 397. 45. Milleman, M., et al. Post-void residual urine volume in women with overactive bladder symptoms. J Urol, 2004. 172: 1911. 46. Brostrom, S., et al. Short-term reproducibility of cystometry and pressure-flow micturition studies in healthy women. Neurourol Urodyn, 2002. 21: 457. 47. Broekhuis, S.R., et al. Reproducibility of same session repeated cystometry and pressure-flow studies in women with symptoms of urinary incontinence (...) . Neurourol Urodyn, 2010. 29: 428. 48. Schick, E., et al. Predictive value of maximum urethral closure pressure, urethral hypermobility and urethral incompetence in the diagnosis of clinically significant female genuine stress incontinence. J Urol, 2004. 171: 1871. 49. Dorflinger, A., et al. Urethral pressure profile: is it affected by position? Neurourol Urodyn, 2002. 21: 553. 50. Wang, A.C., et al. A comparison of urethral pressure profilometry using microtip and double-lumen perfusion catheters

2018 European Association of Urology

139. Diabetes Type 1

health conditions—such as high blood pressure, heart disease, arthritis, and stroke, as well as diabetes—increases with body mass index (BMI) of 25 or higher. (BMI = weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared [kg/m 2 ].) Overweight is defined as a BMI of 25 to 29.9, obesity as a BMI of 30 or higher. While most overweight or obese adults can lose weight by eating a healthy diet or increasing physical activity, doing both is most effective. See the Weight Management guidelines (for adults (...) sensation, and 5.07 monofilament touch sensation performed by a provider qualified to determine the level of risk for foot ulcers Patients at very high risk 2 should be seen every 3 months by a wound care nurse. Patients at increased risk 2 and average risk 2 should be screened annually. Microalbuminuria Microalbumin/creatinine ratio 1 Annually. Retinopathy Dilated eye exam by a trained eye services professional or Nondilated digital photography followed by a comprehensive exam for those who test

2017 Kaiser Permanente Clinical Guidelines

140. Surveillance of healthcare-associated infections and prevention indicators in European intensive care units: HAI-Net ICU protocol, version 2.2

hours after prescription ? prevention of pneumonia in intubated patients: control of cuff pressure, oral decontamination, patient position ? CVC maintenance care: catheter site dressing is not damp, loose or visibly soiled. Patient data (standard surveillance option only): addition of a variable allowing to select a second severity score (from a list, in addition to SAPS II) and enter its value, deletion of: APACHE II, date of hospital admission, coronary care, site of previous surgery, parenteral (...) WBC/high-power field of unspun urine ? organisms seen on Gram stain of unspun urine ? at least two urine cultures with repeated isolation of the same uropathogen (Gram-negative bacteria or S. saprophyticus) with = 10 2 colonies/ml urine in non-voided specimens ? = 10 5 colonies/ml of a single uropathogen (Gram-negative bacteria or S. saprophyticus) in a patient being treated with effective antimicrobial agent for a urinary infection ? physician diagnosis of a urinary tract infection ? physician

2017 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

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