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Heart Healthy Diet

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1. Comparison of Dietary Patterns, Perceptions of Health, and Perceived Barriers to a Heart Healthy Diet Before and After Coronary Artery Angiography. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparison of Dietary Patterns, Perceptions of Health, and Perceived Barriers to a Heart Healthy Diet Before and After Coronary Artery Angiography. Poor dietary patterns are associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to determine whether reported dietary patterns change after undergoing invasive coronary angiography. Participants without a history of coronary revascularization were prospectively enrolled before undergoing coronary (...) in RYP score over time was greater in participants with versus without severe CAD (13.9% [5.8 to 22.5] vs 9.6% [4.8 to 19.1], p = 0.03). In conclusion, self-reported dietary patterns improved after invasive coronary angiography, particularly in the subset with CAD. Future studies to determine how best to utilize the periprocedural period to further improve dietary patterns in this population are warranted.Published by Elsevier Inc.

2018 American Journal of Cardiology

2. Healthy hearts in pediatric heart transplant patients with an exercise and diet intervention via live video conferencing-Design and rationale. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Healthy hearts in pediatric heart transplant patients with an exercise and diet intervention via live video conferencing-Design and rationale. Pediatric heart transplant (PedHtx) patients have increased cardiovascular risk profiles that affect their long-term outcomes and quality of life. We designed a 12- to 16-week diet and exercise intervention delivered via live video conferencing to improve cardiovascular health. Our methodology and baseline assessment of the first 13 enrolled patients (...) are reported.Inclusion criteria are as follows: (a) 8-19 years old; (b) heart transplant >12 months; (c) ability to fast overnight; (d) cardiac clearance by cardiologist; and (e) presence of an adult at home during exercise sessions for patients <14 years old. Exclusion criteria are as follows: (a) acute illness; (b) latex allergy; (c) transplant rejection <3 months ago; and (d) multi-organ transplantation. The intervention consists of one diet and three exercise sessions weekly via live video conferencing. Study

2019 Pediatric transplantation

3. Dietary Cholesterol and Cardiovascular Risk: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

to the US diet are usually high in saturated fat or consumed with foods high in saturated fat. Second, heart-healthy dietary patterns (eg, Mediterranean-style and DASH-style diets) are inherently low in cholesterol, with typical menus containing <300 mg/d cholesterol, similar to the current US intake. An extensive evidence base, including many well-designed studies, reflects mixed results. Most observational studies, conducted in several countries, generally reported no significant association (...) . Shrimp and other shellfish can be incorporated into a heart-healthy dietary pattern when paired with other lean or plant-based protein sources. Caveats exist for the following subgroups: Vegetarians (lacto-ovo) who do not consume meat-based cholesterol-containing foods may include more dairy and eggs in their diets within the context of moderation discussed herein. Patients with dyslipidemia, particularly those with diabetes mellitus or at risk for heart failure, should be cautious in consuming foods

2020 American Heart Association

4. Effect of a low glycemic index diet versus a high-cereal fibre diet on markers of subclinical cardiac injury in healthy individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: An exploratory analysis of a randomized dietary trial. (Abstract)

Effect of a low glycemic index diet versus a high-cereal fibre diet on markers of subclinical cardiac injury in healthy individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus: An exploratory analysis of a randomized dietary trial. Markers of subclinical cardiac injury are elevated in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to healthy individuals. Low glycemic index (LGI) diets may improve both diabetes and cardiovascular risk but their effects on cardiac injury and fibrosis have not been (...) previously studied. To test the effect of a LGI diet on markers of subclinical cardiac injury and fibrosis, we assessed the effect of a LGI compared with a high-cereal fibre diet on high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and galectin-3 in otherwise healthy individuals with T2DM in an exploratory analysis of a completed randomized trial.A total of 201 participants completed the trial and had measurements of hs-cTnI and galectin-3 at baseline and at trial completion. Participants were randomized

2017 Clinical biochemistry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

5. Healthy diet is associated with gene expression in blood: the Framingham Heart Study. (Abstract)

Healthy diet is associated with gene expression in blood: the Framingham Heart Study. Genes in metabolic and nutrient signaling pathways play important roles in lifespan in model organisms and human longevity.The aim of this study was to examine the relation of a quantitative measure of healthy diet to gene expression in a community-based cohort.We used the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans Adherence Index (DGAI) score to quantify key dietary recommendations of an overall healthy diet. Our (...) ).Healthier diet was associated with genes involved in metabolic function. Further work is needed to replicate our findings and investigate the relation of a healthy diet to altered gene regulation.Copyright © American Society for Nutrition 2019.

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

6. Healthy diet reduces markers of cardiac injury and inflammation regardless of macronutrients: Results from the OmniHeart trial. (Abstract)

reductions (P-values = 0.09). There were no between-diet differences in hs-cTnI and hs-CRP reductions.Healthy diet, regardless of macronutrient emphasis, directly mitigated subclinical cardiac injury and inflammation in a population at risk for cardiovascular disease. These findings support dietary recommendations emphasizing healthy foods rather than any one macronutrient.This trial is registered at clinicaltrials.gov, number: NCT00051350; URL: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00051350.Copyright © (...) Healthy diet reduces markers of cardiac injury and inflammation regardless of macronutrients: Results from the OmniHeart trial. Despite diet being a first-line strategy for preventing cardiovascular disease, the optimal macronutrient profile remains unclear. We studied the effects of macronutrient profile on subclinical cardiovascular injury and inflammation.OmniHeart was a randomized 3-period, crossover feeding study in 164 adults with high blood pressure or hypertension (SBP 120-159 or DBP 80

2019 International journal of cardiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7. Medical Nutrition Education, Training, and Competencies to Advance Guideline-Based Diet Counseling by Physicians: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association

Committee of the Council on Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health; Council on Cardiovascular and Stroke Nursing; Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention; and Stroke Council Originally published 30 Apr 2018 Circulation. 2018;137:e821–e841 You are viewing the most recent version of this article. Previous versions: Abstract Growing scientific evidence of the benefits of heart-healthy dietary patterns and of the massive public health and economic burdens attributed to obesity and poor diet (...) adherence to healthy diet patterns. Figure. Recent meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies and randomized trials of the effects of specific foods on the risk of CHD, stroke, and diabetes mellitus. BMI indicates body mass index; CHD, coronary heart disease; CI, confidence interval; CVD, cardiovascular disease; PC, prospective cohort; RCT, randomized clinical trial; and RR, relative risk. Reprinted from Mozaffarian et al. Copyright © 2016, American Heart Association, Inc. This evidence and the massive

2018 American Heart Association

8. Long-term dietary adherence and changes in dietary intake in coronary patients after intervention with a Mediterranean diet or a low-fat diet: the CORDIOPREV randomized trial. (Abstract)

Long-term dietary adherence and changes in dietary intake in coronary patients after intervention with a Mediterranean diet or a low-fat diet: the CORDIOPREV randomized trial. Adherence to a healthy dietary pattern positively influences clinical outcomes in cardiovascular prevention, but long-term adherence is difficult to maintain. We evaluated 5-year changes in dietary habits, adherence achieved, and its maintenance in a cohort of coronary patients from the CORDIOPREV study.1002 coronary (...) patients were randomized to a Mediterranean diet (n = 502) or a low-fat diet (n = 500) and received individual-group-telephone visits and personalized dietary advice. A validated food-frequency questionnaire, a 14-point Mediterranean diet adherence screener, and a 9-point low-fat diet adherence score were used. Dietary adherence was categorized into Low, Medium, and High Adherence. Changes in nutrient intake, food consumption, and adherence were analyzed on a yearly basis. The maintenance of long-term

2019 European journal of nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9. Family History of Premature Coronary Artery Disease (P-CAD)—A Non-Modifiable Risk Factor? Dietary Patterns of Young Healthy Offspring of P-CAD Patients: A Case-Control Study (MAGNETIC Project) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Family History of Premature Coronary Artery Disease (P-CAD)—A Non-Modifiable Risk Factor? Dietary Patterns of Young Healthy Offspring of P-CAD Patients: A Case-Control Study (MAGNETIC Project) Dietary habits of healthy offspring with a positive family history of premature coronary artery disease (P-CAD) have not been studied so far. The aim of this study was twofold: (1) to identify dietary patterns in a sample of young healthy adults with (cases) and without (controls) family history of P (...) -CAD, and (2) to study the association between dietary patterns and family history of P-CAD. The data came from the MAGNETIC case-control study. The participants were healthy adults aged 18⁻35 years old, with (n = 351) and without a family history of P-CAD (n = 338). Dietary data were collected with food frequency questionnaire FFQ-6. Dietary patterns (DP) were derived using principal component analysis (PCA). The associations between the adherence to DPs and family history of P-CAD were

2018 Nutrients

10. Characterization of metabolic responses to healthy diets and association with blood pressure: application to the Optimal Macronutrient Intake Trial for Heart Health (OmniHeart), a randomized controlled study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Characterization of metabolic responses to healthy diets and association with blood pressure: application to the Optimal Macronutrient Intake Trial for Heart Health (OmniHeart), a randomized controlled study. Interindividual variation in the response to diet is common, but the underlying mechanism for such variation is unclear.The objective of this study was to use a metabolic profiling approach to identify a panel of urinary metabolites representing individuals demonstrating typical (...) (homogeneous) metabolic responses to healthy diets, and subsequently to define the association of these metabolites with improvement of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).24-h urine samples from 158 participants with pre-hypertension and stage 1 hypertension, collected at baseline and following the consumption of a carbohydrate-rich, a protein-rich, and a monounsaturated fat-rich healthy diet (6 wk/diet) in a randomized, crossover study, were analyzed by proton (1H) nuclear magnetic resonance

2018 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

11. Improvement in dietary inflammatory index score after 6-month dietary intervention is associated with reduction in interleukin-6 in patients with coronary heart disease: The AUSMED heart trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

would improve inflammatory cytokines. To test this hypothesis, we assessed data from a dietary intervention trial in patients with diagnosed coronary heart disease (CHD) to determine whether reduction in DII scores through healthy diets is linked to improvement in inflammatory and related cardiometabolic risk markers. Participants (n = 65, 83% male) were randomized to a Mediterranean diet or low-fat diet intervention for 6-months. Anthropometry, body composition and blood markers were measured (...) Improvement in dietary inflammatory index score after 6-month dietary intervention is associated with reduction in interleukin-6 in patients with coronary heart disease: The AUSMED heart trial. The Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII) was designed to measure the inflammatory potential of one's diet. Evidence from observational studies supports that a higher (ie, more pro-inflammatory) DII score is associated with inflammation and cardiometabolic diseases. We hypothesized that reduction in DII score

2018 Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12. Innovation to Create a Healthy and Sustainable Food System: A Science Advisory From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

and sustainable requires innovation. This science advisory from the American Heart Association describes both innovative approaches to developing a healthy and sustainable food system and the current evidence base for the associations between these approaches and positive changes in dietary behaviors, dietary intakes, and when available, health outcomes. Innovation can occur through policy, private sector, public health, medical, community, or individual-level approaches and could ignite and further public (...) Change WIC program to include additional healthy foods, including vegetables and fruits Results in healthier food purchases and dietary intake by families using WIC Implement nutrition standards for food and beverages in schools Beneficially influences diet and weight , Provide SNAP incentives for vegetables/fruits and restrictions of sugary foods May lead to healthier diets and reduced CVD Restrict food and beverage marketing to youth May reduce childhood obesity State and local Tax SSBs (Berkeley

2019 American Heart Association

13. Recommended Dietary Pattern to Achieve Adherence to the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology (AHA/ACC) Guidelines: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

.” The lifestyle guideline, initiated by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, was based on a systematic evidence analysis of predominantly randomized controlled trials that focused on diet and physical activity modifications to reduce cardiovascular risk. , Healthy dietary practices, at all stages of life, are integral to the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other conditions. Dietary recommendations have evolved from nutrient-based to food-based dietary patterns (...) in the other) concurrent with dietary advice, it is difficult to attribute the benefits observed in PREDIMED strictly to the Mediterranean diet. A subsequent longitudinal study also reported higher polyphenol intake associated with this diet based on dietary and urinary measures that was associated with reductions in plasma glucose and triglycerides and lower BP. In summary, greater adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern has been associated with reductions in coronary heart disease risk by 29

2016 American Heart Association

14. Successful long-term weight loss among participants with diabetes receiving an intervention promoting an adapted Mediterranean-style dietary pattern: the Heart Healthy Lenoir Project Full Text available with Trip Pro

Successful long-term weight loss among participants with diabetes receiving an intervention promoting an adapted Mediterranean-style dietary pattern: the Heart Healthy Lenoir Project To examine weight change by diabetes status among participants receiving a Mediterranean-style diet, physical activity, and weight loss intervention adapted for delivery in the southeastern USA, where rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) are disproportionately high.The intervention included: Phase I (months 1-6 (...) ), an individually tailored intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and increased walking; Phase II (months 7-12), option of a 16-week weight loss intervention for those with BMI≥25 kg/m2 offered as 16 weekly group sessions or 5 group sessions and 10 phone calls, or a lifestyle maintenance intervention; and Phase III (months 13-24), weight loss maintenance intervention for those losing ≥8 pounds with all others receiving a lifestyle maintenance intervention. Weight change was assessed at 6

2017 BMJ open diabetes research & care Controlled trial quality: uncertain

15. A community-based lifestyle and weight loss intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style diet pattern evaluated in the stroke belt of North Carolina: the Heart Healthy Lenoir Project. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A community-based lifestyle and weight loss intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style diet pattern evaluated in the stroke belt of North Carolina: the Heart Healthy Lenoir Project. Because residents of the southeastern United States experience disproportionally high rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD), it is important to develop effective lifestyle interventions for this population.The primary objective was to develop and evaluate a dietary, physical activity (PA) and weight loss (...) intervention for residents of the southeastern US. The intervention, given in eastern North Carolina, was evaluated in a 2 year prospective cohort study with an embedded randomized controlled trial (RCT) of a weight loss maintenance intervention. The intervention included: Phase I (months 1-6), individually-tailored intervention promoting a Mediterranean-style dietary pattern and increased walking; Phase II (months 7-12), option of a 16-week weight loss intervention for those with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) offered

2017 BMC public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Ad libitum Mediterranean diet reduces subcutaneous but not visceral fat in patients with coronary heart disease: A randomised controlled pilot study. (Abstract)

Ad libitum Mediterranean diet reduces subcutaneous but not visceral fat in patients with coronary heart disease: A randomised controlled pilot study. The Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) is recognised to reduce risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), in part, via its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, which may be mediated via effects on body fat distribution. Diet efficacy via these mechanisms is however unclear in patients with diagnosed CHD. This study aimed to determine: (1) the effect (...) of ad libitum MedDiet versus low-fat diet intervention on adiposity, anti-inflammatory marker adiponectin, oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde (MDA) and traditional CVD risk markers, and (2) whether improvement in MedDiet adherence score in the pooled cohort was associated with these risk markers, in a pilot cohort of Australian patients post coronary event.Participants (62 ± 9 years, 83% male) were randomised to 6-month ad libitum MedDiet (n = 34) or low-fat diet (n = 31). Pre- and post

2019 Clinical nutrition ESPEN Controlled trial quality: uncertain

17. Apolipoprotein E genetic variants interact with Mediterranean diet to modulate postprandial hypertriglyceridemia in coronary heart disease patients: CORDIOPREV study. (Abstract)

Apolipoprotein E genetic variants interact with Mediterranean diet to modulate postprandial hypertriglyceridemia in coronary heart disease patients: CORDIOPREV study. We try to explore whether long-term consumption of two healthy dietary patterns (low-fat [LF] diet or Mediterranean diet [MedDiet]) interacts with the apolipoprotein E (APOE) single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs: rs439401, rs440446 and rs7412) modulating postprandial hypertriglyceridemia (ppHTG) in coronary heart disease (CHD (...) subjects. Consistently, the area under the curve of TG (AUC-TG; P-interaction = 0.03) and AUC-large TRLs TG (P-interaction = 0.02) were significantly lower in T-allele carriers compared with CC subjects.The long-term consumption of a MedDiet modulates ppHTG through APOE genetic variants in CHD patients. This gene-diet interaction may contribute to a more precise dietary advice in CHD patients.© 2019 Stichting European Society for Clinical Investigation Journal Foundation.

2019 European journal of clinical investigation

18. Remote Dietary Counseling to Promote Healthy Diet and Blood Pressure

Remote Dietary Counseling to Promote Healthy Diet and Blood Pressure Remote Dietary Counseling to Promote Healthy Diet and Blood Pressure - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Remote Dietary (...) : Geisinger Clinic Information provided by (Responsible Party): Geisinger Clinic Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Recent American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) hypertension guidelines recommend lifestyle modification for patients with BP >= 130/80 mmHg. While eating a Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-type diet, increasing physical activity, and weight loss have been shown to reduce blood pressure (BP), limited resources are available

2018 Clinical Trials

19. Heart Healthy Diet

Healthy Diet II. Guidelines: Heart Healthy Diet (AHA Guidelines) ral Aerobic for at least 30 minutes on most days should accompany dietary changes Smaller portions are assumed as integral to the diet Count calories to achieve weight loss caution in eating-out Increase intake Eat fish twice weekly or Supplement with s Increase fruit and vegetable intake Four servings per day: Slight drop in CAD risk Eight servings per day: 20% drop in CAD risk Fruits and Vegetables with greatest risk reduction Green (...) Heart Healthy Diet Heart Healthy Diet Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Heart Healthy Diet Heart Healthy Diet Aka: Heart

2018 FP Notebook

20. Cardiac arrhythmias in coronary heart disease

Cardiac arrhythmias in coronary heart disease SIGN 152 • Cardiac arrhythmias in coronary heart disease A national clinical guideline September 2018 www.healthcareimprovementscotland.org Edinburgh Office | Gyle Square |1 South Gyle Crescent | Edinburgh | EH12 9EB Telephone 0131 623 4300 Fax 0131 623 4299 Glasgow Office | Delta House | 50 West Nile Street | Glasgow | G1 2NP Telephone 0141 225 6999 Fax 0141 248 3776 The Healthcare Environment Inspectorate, the Scottish Health Council, the Scottish (...) arrhythmias in coronary heart disease A national clinical guideline September 2018Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network Gyle Square, 1 South Gyle Crescent Edinburgh EH12 9EB www.sign.ac.uk First published September 2018 ISBN 978 1 909103 53 5 Citation text Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN). Cardiac arrhythmias in coronary heart disease. Edinburgh: SIGN; 2018. (SIGN publication no. 152). [September 2018]. Available from URL: http://www.sign.ac.uk SIGN consents to the photocopying

2018 SIGN

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