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Harlequin Color Change

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1. Harlequin Color Change

Harlequin Color Change Harlequin Color Change Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Harlequin Color Change Harlequin Color (...) Change Aka: Harlequin Color Change II. Definition Normal newborn response to position change with dependent erythema III. Physiology Immature with inconsistent regulation of peripheral vessels IV. Epidemiology Affects 10% of newborns within the first few weeks of life V. Symptoms Episodic change after a child was lying on their side Appears as if half their body (dependent side) is deep red and the opposite pale white Episodes last for up to 20 minutes and resolves with movement or crying VI. Signs

2018 FP Notebook

2. Thermal Physiology and Developmental Plasticity of Pigmentation in the Harlequin Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) (PubMed)

Thermal Physiology and Developmental Plasticity of Pigmentation in the Harlequin Bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) Traits that promote the maintenance of body temperatures within an optimal range provide advantages to ectothermic species. Pigmentation plasticity is found in many insects and enhances thermoregulatory potential as increased melanization can result in greater heat retention. The thermal melanism hypothesis predicts that species with developmental plasticity will have darker (...) pigmentation in colder environments, which can be an important adaptation for temperate species experiencing seasonal variation in climate. The harlequin bug (Murgantia histrionica, Hemiptera: Pentatomidae, Hahn 1834) is a widespread invasive crop pest with variable patterning where developmental plasticity in melanization could affect performance. To investigate the impact of temperature and photoperiod on melanization and size, nymphs were reared under two temperatures and two photoperiods simulating

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2018 Journal of Insect Science

3. Harlequin Color Change

Harlequin Color Change Harlequin Color Change Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Harlequin Color Change Harlequin Color (...) Change Aka: Harlequin Color Change II. Definition Normal newborn response to position change with dependent erythema III. Physiology Immature with inconsistent regulation of peripheral vessels IV. Epidemiology Affects 10% of newborns within the first few weeks of life V. Symptoms Episodic change after a child was lying on their side Appears as if half their body (dependent side) is deep red and the opposite pale white Episodes last for up to 20 minutes and resolves with movement or crying VI. Signs

2015 FP Notebook

4. Do predator energy demands or previous exposure influence protection by aposematic coloration of prey? (PubMed)

Do predator energy demands or previous exposure influence protection by aposematic coloration of prey? Growing evidence exists that aposematic and toxic prey may be included in a predator's diet when the predator experiences physiological stress. The tree sparrow Passer montanus is known to have a significant portion of aposematic and toxic ladybirds in its natural diet. Here, we present experiments testing the attack and eating rate of the tree sparrow toward the invasive aposematic harlequin (...) ladybird Harmonia axyridis. We wondered whether the sparrow's ability to prey on native ladybirds predisposes them to also prey on harlequin ladybirds. We compared the attack and eating rates of tree sparrows of particular age and/or experience classes to test for any changes during ontogeny (hand-reared × young wild-caught ×adult wild-caught) and with differing perceived levels of physiological stress (summer adult × winter adult). Winter adult tree sparrows commonly attacked and ate the offered

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2016 Current zoology

5. Newborn Nursing Care Pathway

Changes in bowel pattern • Frequent effective feeding Norm and Normal Variations Breastfed • Day 3 – 5: 3 – 4 loose, yellow transitional stools • Day 5 – 7: 3 – 6 yellow or golden • Day 7 – 28: 5 – 10+ yellow 37 • Stools colours vary – may be yellow/ mustard or brown with mustard seed consistency or occasionally green (may reflect mothers diet) • Around 3 – 4 weeks of age individual bowel pattern (may go several days without a soft/ loose bowel movement) Watery, mustard color • Mild odour • May pass (...) are captured, they have been organized into five main sections: • Physiological health (organized from head to toe) • Behavioural • Infant feeding • Health follow-up • Screening/other While the newborn assessment criteria are presented as discrete topic entities it is not intended that they be viewed as separate from one another. For example, the newborn physiological changes affect her/his feeding and behaviour. To assist with this, cross referencing will be used throughout the document (will be seen

2015 British Columbia Perinatal Health Program

6. Cutaneous Manifestations of Smoking (Diagnosis)

with numerous characteristic mucocutaneous changes, such as the following: Nicotine stomatitis (smoker's palate) - Hard palate discoloration, fissuring, and minor salivary gland edema caused by increased heat [ ] ; more common in pipe smokers Leukokeratosis nicotina glossi (smoker’s tongue) - Black hairy tongue Smoker’s melanosis - Gingival hyperpigmentation due to increased melanin in basal layer of epidermis [ ] Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Periodontitis Painful palatal erosions and tooth (...) abrasions [ ] Oral leukoplakia Nail and hair disorders Smoking has been associated with several hair and nail disorders, such as the following: Smoker’s nails - Yellow and brown discolored fingernails Harlequin nail or quitter’s nail - Demarcation between distal pigmented nail and proximal normal nail upon smoking cessation [ ] Androgenetic alopecia [ ] Premature gray hair Smoker's mustache - Analogous to smoker's nails; yellow or brown discolored facial hair [ ] Hidradenitis suppurativa , a chronic

2014 eMedicine.com

7. Horner Syndrome (Diagnosis)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

8. Horner Syndrome (Treatment)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

9. Horner Syndrome (Overview)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

10. Horner Syndrome (Overview)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

11. Cutaneous Manifestations of Smoking (Overview)

with numerous characteristic mucocutaneous changes, such as the following: Nicotine stomatitis (smoker's palate) - Hard palate discoloration, fissuring, and minor salivary gland edema caused by increased heat [ ] ; more common in pipe smokers Leukokeratosis nicotina glossi (smoker’s tongue) - Black hairy tongue Smoker’s melanosis - Gingival hyperpigmentation due to increased melanin in basal layer of epidermis [ ] Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Periodontitis Painful palatal erosions and tooth (...) abrasions [ ] Oral leukoplakia Nail and hair disorders Smoking has been associated with several hair and nail disorders, such as the following: Smoker’s nails - Yellow and brown discolored fingernails Harlequin nail or quitter’s nail - Demarcation between distal pigmented nail and proximal normal nail upon smoking cessation [ ] Androgenetic alopecia [ ] Premature gray hair Smoker's mustache - Analogous to smoker's nails; yellow or brown discolored facial hair [ ] Hidradenitis suppurativa , a chronic

2014 eMedicine.com

12. Cutaneous Manifestations of Smoking (Treatment)

with numerous characteristic mucocutaneous changes, such as the following: Nicotine stomatitis (smoker's palate) - Hard palate discoloration, fissuring, and minor salivary gland edema caused by increased heat [ ] ; more common in pipe smokers Leukokeratosis nicotina glossi (smoker’s tongue) - Black hairy tongue Smoker’s melanosis - Gingival hyperpigmentation due to increased melanin in basal layer of epidermis [ ] Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Periodontitis Painful palatal erosions and tooth (...) abrasions [ ] Oral leukoplakia Nail and hair disorders Smoking has been associated with several hair and nail disorders, such as the following: Smoker’s nails - Yellow and brown discolored fingernails Harlequin nail or quitter’s nail - Demarcation between distal pigmented nail and proximal normal nail upon smoking cessation [ ] Androgenetic alopecia [ ] Premature gray hair Smoker's mustache - Analogous to smoker's nails; yellow or brown discolored facial hair [ ] Hidradenitis suppurativa , a chronic

2014 eMedicine.com

13. Cutaneous Manifestations of Smoking (Follow-up)

with numerous characteristic mucocutaneous changes, such as the following: Nicotine stomatitis (smoker's palate) - Hard palate discoloration, fissuring, and minor salivary gland edema caused by increased heat [ ] ; more common in pipe smokers Leukokeratosis nicotina glossi (smoker’s tongue) - Black hairy tongue Smoker’s melanosis - Gingival hyperpigmentation due to increased melanin in basal layer of epidermis [ ] Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Periodontitis Painful palatal erosions and tooth (...) abrasions [ ] Oral leukoplakia Nail and hair disorders Smoking has been associated with several hair and nail disorders, such as the following: Smoker’s nails - Yellow and brown discolored fingernails Harlequin nail or quitter’s nail - Demarcation between distal pigmented nail and proximal normal nail upon smoking cessation [ ] Androgenetic alopecia [ ] Premature gray hair Smoker's mustache - Analogous to smoker's nails; yellow or brown discolored facial hair [ ] Hidradenitis suppurativa , a chronic

2014 eMedicine.com

14. Horner Syndrome (Follow-up)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

15. Horner Syndrome (Follow-up)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

16. Horner Syndrome (Diagnosis)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

17. Horner Syndrome (Treatment)

, the lesion most likely was present at birth or during the first 2 years of life. (Of course, this color asymmetry will not occur in patients who are genetically blue-eyed.) It is important to determine whether the patient has recently undergone an interventional procedure that has the potential to cause relevant neurologic damage. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome has been reported as a complication of a variety of chest, neck, and otolaryngologic procedures [ , , , , ] ; for example, ptosis may rarely (...) complicate injection of toxin for glabellar lines. [ ] Patients may not be able to open the affected eye completely and may not sweat on that side of the face. The presence, absence, or location of anhidrosis is an important localizing sign. Patients with preganglionic lesions may have facial flushing. This symptom (ie, harlequin effect) occurs with physical exercise in some patients. Patients with postganglionic lesions may have ipsilateral orbital pain or a migrainelike headache. Raeder described

2014 eMedicine.com

18. List of cutaneous conditions

of many conditions often also requires a which yields information that can be correlated with the clinical presentation and any laboratory data. Contents Acneiform eruptions [ ] See also: are caused by changes in the . (Mallorca acne) (cosmetic acne) (acute febrile ulcerative acne) (acne keloidalis, dermatitis papillaris capillitii, folliculitis keloidalis, folliculitis keloidis nuchae, nuchal keloid acne) (acne varioliformis) (acne simplex) (solid facial edema) (erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (...) ) (colored sweat) (drumstick fingers, Hippocratic fingers, watch-glass nails) (erosive pustular dermatosis of the scalp) (congenital hypertrichosis lanuginosa) (pseudonits) (vellus hamartoma) (Lindsay's nails) (hairy elbow syndrome) (acquired progressive kinking) (Koenen's periungual fibroma, periungual fibroma) (spoon nails) (white nails) (acuminatus, follicular lichen planus, lichen planus follicularis, peripilaris) (keratosis spinulosa) (lipedematous scalp) (loose anagen hair syndrome) (Marie–Unna

2012 Wikipedia

19. Paroxysmal extreme pain disorder (previously familial rectal pain syndrome). (PubMed)

, problems between attacks, investigational results, treatments tried, and evolution over time. A validated pain questionnaire was completed by 14 affected individuals.Seventy-seven individuals from 15 families were identified. The onset of the disorder is in the neonatal period or infancy and persists throughout life. Autonomic manifestations predominate initially, with skin flushing in all and harlequin color change and tonic attacks in most. Dramatic syncopes with bradycardia and sometimes asystole

2007 Neurology

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