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41. Assessing rates and contextual predictors of 5-year mortality among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals following HIV testing in Durban, South Africa. (PubMed)

Assessing rates and contextual predictors of 5-year mortality among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals following HIV testing in Durban, South Africa. Little is known about contextual factors that predict long-term mortality following HIV testing in resource-limited settings. We evaluated the impact of contextual factors on 5-year mortality among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected individuals in Durban, South Africa.We used data from the Sizanani trial (NCT01188941) in which adults (≥18y (...) ) were enrolled prior to HIV testing at 4 outpatient sites. We ascertained vital status via the South African National Population Register. We used random survival forests to identify the most influential predictors of time to death and incorporated these into a Cox model that included age, gender, HIV status, CD4 count, healthcare usage, health facility type, mental health, and self-identified barriers to care (i.e., service delivery, financial, logistical, structural and perceived health).Among

2019 BMC Infectious Diseases

42. HIV Testing, Access to HIV-Related Services, and Late-Stage HIV Diagnoses Across US States, 2013-2016. (PubMed)

HIV Testing, Access to HIV-Related Services, and Late-Stage HIV Diagnoses Across US States, 2013-2016. Objectives. To examine state-level factors associated with late-stage HIV diagnoses in the United States.Methods. We examined state-level factors associated with late-stage diagnoses by estimating negative binomial regression models. We used 2013 to 2016 data from the National HIV Surveillance System (late-stage diagnoses), the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (HIV testing (...) ), and the American Community Survey (sociodemographics).Results. Among individuals 25 to 44 years old, a 5% increase in the percentage of the state population tested for HIV in the preceding 12 months was associated with a 3% decrease in late-stage diagnoses. Among both individuals 25 to 44 years of age and those aged 45 years and older, a 5% increase in the percentage of the population living in a rural area was associated with a 2% to 3% increase in late-stage diagnoses.Conclusions. Increasing HIV testing may

2019 American Journal of Public Health

43. Sexual and Social Network Correlates of Willingness to Self-Test for HIV Among Ever-Tested and Never-Tested Men: Implications for the Tanzania STEP Project. (PubMed)

Sexual and Social Network Correlates of Willingness to Self-Test for HIV Among Ever-Tested and Never-Tested Men: Implications for the Tanzania STEP Project. We examined factors associated with HIV self-testing (HIVST) willingness among male ever-testers and never-testers who participated in a midpoint survey of a cluster randomized controlled HIV prevention trial in Dar es Salaam. Linear mixed binary logistic regression models were constructed to examine factors (demographic, HIV risk behavior (...) , and sexual/social network) associated with willingness to self-test. Sixtyseven percent of 301 never-testers were willing to self-test for HIV compared to 72% 577 of ever-testers. Among never-testers, having discussed testing for HIV with a sexual partner was the only factor associated with HIVST willingness (2.36, 95% CI: 1.35-4.15). For evertesters, younger men were less willing to self-test than older men while men with higher education were more willing to self-test than less educated men. Having

2019 AIDS care

44. An Internet-Based Self-Testing Model (Easy Test): Cross-Sectional Survey Targeting Men Who Have Sex With Men Who Never Tested for HIV in 14 Provinces of China. (PubMed)

An Internet-Based Self-Testing Model (Easy Test): Cross-Sectional Survey Targeting Men Who Have Sex With Men Who Never Tested for HIV in 14 Provinces of China. With China's explosive internet growth, activities such as socializing and partner seeking among men who have sex with men (MSM) has also become Web based through popular services such as Blued. This creates a new mode of health promotion with the potential to instantly reach large numbers of MSM, including those who rarely access (...) traditional offline testing facilities.This study aimed to assess the feasibility of the Easy Test in increasing access and uptake of HIV testing and treatment services among MSM and to identify demographic and behavioral predictors of program uptake to inform future implementation.A feasibility study of the Easy Test model was conducted from October 2017 to December 2017 in 14 Chinese provinces. Applicants who provided informed consent completed a self-administered questionnaire and submitted a US $5

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

45. Effect of Offering Same-Day ART vs Usual Health Facility Referral During Home-Based HIV Testing on Linkage to Care and Viral Suppression Among Adults With HIV in Lesotho: The CASCADE Randomized Clinical Trial. (PubMed)

Effect of Offering Same-Day ART vs Usual Health Facility Referral During Home-Based HIV Testing on Linkage to Care and Viral Suppression Among Adults With HIV in Lesotho: The CASCADE Randomized Clinical Trial. Home-based HIV testing is a frequently used strategy to increase awareness of HIV status in sub-Saharan Africa. However, with referral to health facilities, less than half of those who test HIV positive link to care and initiate antiretroviral therapy (ART).To determine whether offering (...) same-day home-based ART to patients with HIV improves linkage to care and viral suppression in a rural, high-prevalence setting in sub-Saharan Africa.Open-label, 2-group, randomized clinical trial (February 22, 2016-September 17, 2017), involving 6 health care facilities in northern Lesotho. During home-based HIV testing in 6655 households from 60 rural villages and 17 urban areas, 278 individuals aged 18 years or older who tested HIV positive and were ART naive from 268 households consented

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2018 JAMA

46. HIV test-treat-retain cascade analysis: guide and tools 2017

HIV test-treat-retain cascade analysis: guide and tools 2017 HIV test-treat-retain cascade analysis: guide and tools 2017 JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links HIV test-treat-retain cascade analysis: guide and tools 2017, 2nd ed. View/ Open Rights View Statistics Altmetrics Share Abstract This guide was developed to support national AIDS programme managers (...) and their partners to implement the HIV test–treat–retain cascade analysis at country level. It includes guidance on how to use the cascade model to assess the magnitude and determinants of engagement along the continuum of care and also opportunities to improve the delivery of services to PLHIV and, ultimately, access to HIV testing and treatment. It suggests a process for conducting the cascade analysis in country in order to achieve broad stakeholder participation, consensus on the findings of the analysis

2017 WHO

47. Community-based interventions to increase HIV testing among Black women

Community-based interventions to increase HIV testing among Black women Community-based interventions to increase HIV testing among Black women | The Ontario HIV Treatment Network The Ontario HIV Treatment Network Community-based interventions to increase HIV testing among Black women Community-based interventions to increase HIV testing among Black women , , , Questions What types of community-based interventions increase HIV testing among Black women? Key take-home messages There are few (...) studies that examine the effectiveness of community-based interventions on HIV testing among Black women. HIV testing interventions in high-income settings are usually conducted in combination with risk reduction counselling (1-5). Home-based voluntary counselling and testing may substantially increase awareness of HIV status (up to 70%) in previously undiagnosed women in sub-Saharan Africa (6), making this approach both feasible and effective (7). Adding mobile HIV counselling and testing to existing

2016 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

48. HIV treatment and care: what's new in treatment monitoring: viral load and CD4 testing: information note

HIV treatment and care: what's new in treatment monitoring: viral load and CD4 testing: information note HIV treatment and care: what's new in treatment monitoring: viral load and CD4 testing: information note JavaScript is disabled for your browser. Some features of this site may not work without it. Toggle navigation Toggle navigation Search Browse Statistics Related Links HIV treatment and care: what's new in treatment monitoring: viral load and CD4 testing: information note View/ Open (...) Rights View Statistics Altmetrics Share Citation World Health Organization . (‎2017)‎. HIV treatment and care: what's new in treatment monitoring: viral load and CD4 testing: information note. World Health Organization. . License: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO Description 2 p. Gov't Doc # WHO/HIV/2017.22 Other Language Versions Collections Language English Metadata Related items Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.  World Health Organization (‎ WHO/HIV/2017.38 , 2017 )‎  World Health Organization

2017 WHO

49. Delivering HIV/STI test results over the phone and through text messaging

Delivering HIV/STI test results over the phone and through text messaging RAPID RESPONSE SERVICE | #103, JULY 2016 1 Questions What does the literature say about giving HIV and STI results over the phone or through text messaging? References 1. Public Health Agency of Canada. Infectious disease—the never-ending threat. 2013. Ref Type: Generic 2. Tripathi A, Duffus W A, Kissinger P , Brown TJ, Gibson JJ, Mena LA. Deliver- ing laboratory results by text message and e-mail: a survey of factors (...) infec- tion. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2006;82(1):49-51. 5. Bailey S, Scalley B, Gilles M. Text 2 treat - using SMS to recall clients for treatment. International Journal of STD & AIDS 2014 December;25(14):1038-40. Key take-home messages • The ability to promptly notify people who test positive for HIV or other STIs may slow the spread of new infections (1). • Telephones and mobile technologies could be cost-effective ways to facilitate rapid communication and information sharing between

2016 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

50. HIV and STI testing among Indigenous women and women who inject drugs

HIV and STI testing among Indigenous women and women who inject drugs RAPID RESPONSE SERVICE | #105, MAY 2016 1 Questions What programs and services have been shown to be effective in increasing HIV and STI testing among Indigenous women and women who inject drugs? References 1. Orchard TR, Druyts E, McInnes CW , Clement K, Ding E, Fernandes KA et al. Factors behind HIV testing practices among Canadian Aboriginal peoples living off-reserve. AIDS Care 2010 March;22(3):324-31. 2. Lally MA (...) , Montstream-Quas SA, Tanaka S, Tedeschi SK, Morrow KM. A qualitative study among injection drug using women in Rhode Island: attitudes toward testing, treatment, and vaccina- tion for hepatitis and HIV . AIDS Patient Care & Stds 2008 January;22(1):53-64. 3. The Ontario HIV Treatment Net - work (OHTN). The Current State of the HIV Epidemic among Indigenous Peo- ple in Ontario. http://63.135.124.232// wp-content/uploads/2014/09/Indige- nous-Report-2014Final.pdf. Toronto, ON; 2014. 4. Taylor MM, Reilley B

2016 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

51. Occupational exposure, attitude to HIV-positive patients and uptake of HIV counselling and testing among health care workers in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria (PubMed)

Occupational exposure, attitude to HIV-positive patients and uptake of HIV counselling and testing among health care workers in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria Health care workers (HCWs) are at risk of occupational exposure to HIV. Their attitude to HIV-positive patients influences patients' willingness and ability to access quality care. HIV counselling and testing (HCT) services are available to inform HCWs and patients about their status. There is little information about HCT uptake (...) age <40 years OR = 1.6, 95% CI (1.1-2.4), having worked for >5 years OR = 1.5, 95% CI (1.03-2.2) and working in medical department OR = 1.7, 95% CI (1.1-2.8). Respondents in nursing departments were more likely to require routine HIV test for all patients, OR = 3.9, 95% CI (2.4-6.2). HCWs in the laboratory departments were more likely to believe that HIV patients should be on separate wards, OR = 3.6, 95% CI (1.9-7.0). HCWs should be protected and encouraged to access HCT services in order

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2017 SAHARA J : journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance

52. Rapid point of care combined Antigen/Antibody HIV test to aid in the diagnosis of HIV infection

Rapid point of care combined Antigen/Antibody HIV test to aid in the diagnosis of HIV infection 1 Public Summary Document Application No. 1391 – Rapid point-of-care combined Antigen/Antibody HIV test to aid in the diagnosis of HIV infection Applicant: ANZPI, Alere Pty Ltd Date of MSAC consideration: MSAC 64 th Meeting, 30-31 July 2015 Context for decision: MSAC makes its advice in accordance with its Terms of Reference, see at www.msac.gov.au. 1. Purpose of application and links to other (...) applications An application was submitted by Inverness Medical Innovations Australia Pty Ltd for MBS listing of a rapid point-of-care combined Antigen/Antibody test for diagnosis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection for use in GP and sexual health clinics. The test for HIV infection is intended to be used in individuals where an HIV test is indicated and in those who are at high-risk of HIV infection. The evidence for assessment of this application was submitted in May 2015. 2. MSAC’s advice

2015 Medical Services Advisory Committee

53. HIV testing as part of the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV service among Ethiopian reproductive age-group women: a systematic review and meta-analysis

HIV testing as part of the prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV service among Ethiopian reproductive age-group women: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) one experimental group, we will correct the total number of control animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other Subgroup analysis or meta-regression are used to explore between-study

2019 PROSPERO

54. Point-of-care viral load tests to detect high HIV viral load levels in HIV-positive people on antiretroviral therapy [Cochrane protocol]

Point-of-care viral load tests to detect high HIV viral load levels in HIV-positive people on antiretroviral therapy [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration (...) will correct the total number of control animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other Subgroup analysis or meta-regression are used to explore between-study heterogeneity and can provide insight

2019 PROSPERO

55. Point-of-care tests detecting HIV nucleic acids for diagnosis of HIV infection in infants and children aged 18 months or less [Cochrane protocol]

Point-of-care tests detecting HIV nucleic acids for diagnosis of HIV infection in infants and children aged 18 months or less [Cochrane protocol] Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) experimental group, we will correct the total number of control animals in the meta-analysis by dividing the number of animals in the control group by the number of treatment groups served. Where applicable, Holm-Bonferroni correction for testing multiple subgroup analyses will be performed. If one or more subgroup analyses cannot be performed due to insufficient data, the p-value will be adjusted accordingly. ">Other Subgroup analysis or meta-regression are used to explore between-study heterogeneity

2019 PROSPERO

56. New HIV testing technologies in the context of a concentrated epidemic and evolving HIV prevention: qualitative research on HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Yangon, Myanmar. (PubMed)

New HIV testing technologies in the context of a concentrated epidemic and evolving HIV prevention: qualitative research on HIV self-testing among men who have sex with men and transgender women in Yangon, Myanmar. Global effort to increase early diagnosis and engagement in HIV care emphasize the importance of developing novel approaches to reaching those missed by traditional methods. Such needs are particularly great for men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender women (TW), and other (...) populations who face stigma. Myanmar's HIV epidemic is concentrated among key populations and the revised National Strategy aims to reduce late diagnosis and barriers to care to curb HIV incidence among these groups. HIV self-testing (HIVST) may be one method to improve testing and diagnosis among key populations, by placing HIV testing and disclosure within the individual's control.Formative, qualitative research including in-depth interviews with adult MSM (N = 12) and TW (N = 13) and focus group

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2017 Journal of the International AIDS Society

57. A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Efficacy of Promoting a Home-Based HIV Self-Testing with Online Counseling on Increasing HIV Testing Among Men Who Have Sex with Men. (PubMed)

A Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating Efficacy of Promoting a Home-Based HIV Self-Testing with Online Counseling on Increasing HIV Testing Among Men Who Have Sex with Men. We developed an innovative home-based HIV self-testing (HIVST) service that included mailing of a free HIVST kit, and providing online real-time instructions and pre-test/post-test counseling (HIVST-OIC). The present parallel-group and non-blinded randomized controlled trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy (...) of promoting HIVST-OIC in increasing HIV testing rate among 430 men who have sex with men (MSM), with access to online live-chat applications in Hong Kong. At month 6, as compared to the control group, the intervention group reported significantly higher prevalence of HIV testing of any type (89.8 vs. 50.7%; relative risk (RR): 1.77; p < 0.001). Among those who have taken up any HIV testing in the last six months, significant between-group difference was found in multiple male sex partnerships (34.2 vs

2018 AIDS and behavior

58. HIV Self-Testing Increases HIV Testing Frequency in High-Risk Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

HIV Self-Testing Increases HIV Testing Frequency in High-Risk Men Who Have Sex With Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Self-testing may increase HIV testing and decrease the time people with HIV are unaware of their status, but there is concern that absence of counseling may result in increased HIV risk.Seattle, Washington.We randomly assigned 230 high-risk HIV-negative men who have sex with men to have access to oral fluid HIV self-tests at no cost versus testing as usual for 15 months (...) . The primary outcome was self-reported number of HIV tests during follow-up. To evaluate self-testing's impact on sexual behavior, we compared the following between arms: non-HIV-concordant condomless anal intercourse and number of male condomless anal intercourse partners in the last 3 months (measured at 9 and 15 months) and diagnosis with a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI: early syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydial infection) at the final study visit (15 months). A post hoc analysis

2018 Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999)

59. The interaction between HIV testing social norms and self-efficacy on HIV testing among Chinese men who have sex with men: results from an online cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

The interaction between HIV testing social norms and self-efficacy on HIV testing among Chinese men who have sex with men: results from an online cross-sectional study. Increasing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) testing is critical for HIV control. This study aimed to evaluate the interaction between social norms and self-efficacy on HIV testing among Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM).We conducted an online survey in eight Chinese cities in Shandong and Guangdong Provinces in July 2016 (...) . We included participants who were born as a male, at least 16 years old, currently living in one of the designated cities, and had ever engaged in anal sex with a man. We collected information regarding socio-demographics, high-risk behaviors, and history of HIV and other STI testing. We coded sensitivity to social norms using six items asking participants about their perceived social norm regarding HIV testing. We coded HIV testing self-efficacy using a separate six-item scale. We interpreted

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2018 BMC Infectious Diseases

60. Monitoring progress towards the first UNAIDS target: understanding the impact of people living with HIV who re-test during HIV-testing campaigns in rural Mozambique. (PubMed)

Monitoring progress towards the first UNAIDS target: understanding the impact of people living with HIV who re-test during HIV-testing campaigns in rural Mozambique. Awareness of HIV-infection goes beyond diagnosis, and encompasses understanding, acceptance, disclosure and initiation of the HIV-care. We aimed to characterize the HIV-positive population that underwent repeat HIV-testing without disclosing their serostatus and the impact on estimates of the first UNAIDS 90 target.This analysis (...) was nested in a prospective cohort established in southern Mozambique which conducted three HIV-testing modalities: voluntary counselling and testing (VCT), provider-initiated counselling and testing (PICT) and home-based testing (HBT). Participants were given the opportunity to self-report their status to lay counsellors and HIV-positive diagnoses were verified for previous enrolment in care. This study included 1955 individuals diagnosed with HIV through VCT/PICT and 11,746 participants of a HBT

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2018 Journal of the International AIDS Society

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