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Gun Safety

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1. Gun Violence and Safety

Gun Violence and Safety Statement of Policy As Issued by the Executive Board of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists GUN VIOLENCE AND SAFETY The impact of gun violence on the health and safety of women is of great concern to obstetrician – gynecologists. Women disproportionately experience intimate partner violence, and the presence of firearms within those relationships is a key risk factor for intimate partner (...) by an intimate partner as they are to be murdered by a stranger using any type of weapon iv . The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) support an evidence-based, public health approach to gun violence that emphasizes education, prevention, and safety. To this end, ACOG: 1. Recommends routine screening for intimate partner violence v 2. Recommends periodic injury prevention evaluation and counseling regarding firearms vi 3

2019 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

2. Prevention Firearm Injuries with Gun Safety Devices and Safe Storage

Prevention Firearm Injuries with Gun Safety Devices and Safe Storage Prevention Firearm Injuries with Gun Safety Devices and Safe Storage - Practice Management Guideline Search » Prevention Firearm Injuries with Gun Safety Devices and Safe Storage Published 2018 Citation: Authors Violano, Pina, PhD ; Bonne, Stephanie, MD ; Duncan, Thomas, DO ; Pappas, Peter, MD ; Christmas, A., Britton, MD ; Dennis, Andrew, DO ; Goldberg, Stephanie, MD ; Greene, Wendy, MD ; Hirsh, Michael, MD ; Shillinglaw (...) , firearm safety devices Patient population: general population Intervention: firearm safety devices that block/disable the firing function (trigger locks, cable locks, etc) Comparators: with and without firearm safety devices Outcome: all firearm injuries PICO 2, safe firearm storage Patient population: general population Intervention: gun storage Comparators: with and without gun storage Outcome: all firearm injuries Materials and Methods Inclusion Criteria for this Review Study Types Studies included

2018 Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma

3. Public Support for Gun Violence Prevention Policies Among Gun Owners and Non-Gun Owners in 2017. (Full text)

of 24 policies had greater than a 10-point support gap between gun owners and non-gun owners.Policies with high public support and minimal support gaps by gun ownership status included universal background checks, greater accountability for licensed gun dealers unable to account for their inventory, higher safety training standards for concealed carry permit holders, improved reporting of records related to mental illness for background checks, gun prohibitions for persons subject to temporary (...) Public Support for Gun Violence Prevention Policies Among Gun Owners and Non-Gun Owners in 2017. To compare public support for 24 different gun policies between gun owners and non-gun owners in 2017.We fielded a national public opinion survey in January 2017 using an online panel to measure US adults' support for 24 gun policies. We compared support among gun owners and non-gun owners.For 23 of the 24 policies examined, most respondents supported restricting or regulating gun ownership. Only 8

2018 American Journal of Public Health PubMed

4. Michael Hirsh: The Gun Buyback—a way to make a difference to the US’s gun violence trends

in the Gun Buyback programme because it provides a wealth of time during which colleagues and I can talk to the community about gun violence. I have been able to recruit medical students and community members in a coalition to help collect the weapons; built a medical school curriculum to empower trainees to ask the tough questions about firearm safety to their patients; and cemented deep and important relationships with our local law enforcement communities—a union of the blue coat and the white coat (...) and safety. Once we’ve understood this, there’s a way forward to reverse the alarming trends that we are seeing across our nation. Let‘s hope that the Gun Buyback movement takes hold in many more venues nationwide so we can celebrate a turnaround together. Michael P Hirsh is surgeon in chief at the UMASS Memorial Children’s Medical Center where he is also the director of the Division of Pediatric Surgery and Trauma. He founded the Greater Worcester Goods for Guns Gun Buyback Programme and is also medical

2018 The BMJ Blog

5. Online interest regarding violent attacks, gun control, and gun purchase: A causal analysis. (Full text)

Online interest regarding violent attacks, gun control, and gun purchase: A causal analysis. Increased interest about gun ownership and gun control are oftentimes driven by informational shocks in a common factor, namely violent attacks, and the perceived need for higher levels of safety. A causal depiction of the societal interest around violent attacks, gun control and gun purchase, both synchronous and over time, should be a stepping stone for designing future strategies regarding the safety (...) concerns of the U.S. population.Examine the causal relationships between unexpected increases in population interest about violent attacks, gun control, and gun purchase.Relationships among online searches for information about violent attacks, gun control, and gun purchase occurring between 2004 and 2017 in the U.S. are explained through a novel structural vector autoregressive time series model to account for simultaneous causal relationships.More than 20% of the stationary variability in each of gun

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed

6. A cross-sectional examination of US gun ownership and support for gun control measures: Sociodemographic, geographic, and political associations explored. (PubMed)

+ annually; and did not reside in the Northeast region of the US were significantly more likely to own guns (p < 0.05). Adults who were aged 65+, female, non-Hispanic blacks/other or Hispanics, college graduates, politically liberal, and resided in the Northeast were significantly more likely to favor presale gun permit laws than their counterparts (p < 0.05). Gun safety and prevention efforts must address political and sociodemographic divisions that have stymied the passage of meaningful (...) A cross-sectional examination of US gun ownership and support for gun control measures: Sociodemographic, geographic, and political associations explored. Public opinion regarding gun ownership and control coincide with deep political and sociodemographic divisions in the US population. The study objective was to analyze the prevalence and predictors of gun ownership and support for gun control policy using a national representative sample of US adults. Nationally representative data from

2019 Preventive Medicine

7. Desirability of Personalized Guns Among Current Gun Owners. (PubMed)

, and 13% were somewhat likely, to purchase a personalized gun with radio frequency identification technology that added $300 to the price. A total of 70% reported concerns about whether the technology would work when needed, and 56% reported concerns about price. Respondents who reported safe storage practices for all their guns had a 50% higher likelihood of being a likely purchaser (AOR=1.50, 95% CI=1.05, 2.14). Respondents whose storage practices were influenced by a gun safety training course had (...) a 52% higher likelihood of being a likely purchaser (AOR=1.52, 95% CI=1.06, 2.19).Current gun owners expressed modest interest in purchasing personalized guns with radio frequency identification technology. Because gun owners interested in personalized guns appear more safety conscious, the potential benefit of personalized guns in these homes may be limited.Copyright © 2019 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 American journal of preventive medicine

8. Prevention of firearm injuries with gun safety devices and safe storage: an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma systematic review.

Prevention of firearm injuries with gun safety devices and safe storage: an Eastern Association for the Surgery of Trauma systematic review. Over 50,000 homicides and suicides occur each year. An estimated half of all US households are believed to have a firearm present, making them one of the most ubiquitous consumer products. Our goal was to determine if the manner of storage of a firearm in a home could potentially make a difference in the outcomes of intentional and unintentional injuries (...) involving a firearm; specifically addressing the use of gun safes and devices that block/disable firearm function (trigger locks, cable locks, etc.).A comprehensive review of the literature was performed. We used Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation methodology to assess the breadth and quality of the data specific to our Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcomes (PICO) questions.A total of 176 studies were initially identified, then, 120 more added after a subsequent

2018 The journal of trauma and acute care surgery

9. Gun control is our lane: Physician opinions on guns matter

their own business as it did in its infamous November 7 tweet. Human life is our business. Pediatricians have every right to remind parents that gun security, and keeping guns out of the hands of children, are vital to their well-being right up there with getting them vaccinated. At my house, we’ve always kept our guns padlocked in a safe that our children couldn’t have broken into with a crowbar. We’re not NRA members, but we enjoy going to a shooting range on occasion. I learned gun safety during my (...) Gun control is our lane: Physician opinions on guns matter Gun control is our lane: Physician opinions on guns matter Gun control is our lane: Physician opinions on guns matter | | November 19, 2018 50 Shares We’re very fortunate in anesthesiology. We’re seldom the physicians who have to face families with the terrible news that a patient has died from a gunshot wound. But all too often we’re right there in the operating room for the frantic attempts to repair the bullet hole in the heart

2018 KevinMD blog

10. Gun Violence: A Public Health Concern?

years and careful political navigation to come to fruition, there presently exists some data on the issue of firearm safety. A 1992 study published in the New England Journal of Medicine on suicide and gun ownership found that guns in the home are associated with an increased risk of completed suicide (adjusted OR 4.8).[ ] A similar study from 1993 published in the NEJM found guns in the home are associated with an increased risk of homicide (adjusted OR 2.7).[ ] In terms of safe firearm storage (...) Additionally, given the often strong dedication to the absolute right to gun ownership, it is more prudent to focus on gun storage as opposed to gun removal. Providers should encourage all gun owner to: Keep guns locked Keep guns unloaded Store ammunition locked Store ammunition in separate location from the firearm The most important impact that physicians can have in addressing firearm safety is by lobbying for and conducting more research on effective methods of preventing firearm-related morbidity

2016 Clinical Correlations

11. Gun carrying among freshmen and sophomores in Chicago, New York City and Los Angeles public schools: the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2007-2013 (Full text)

and a higher burden of violence exposure in Chicago as compared to New York City and Los Angeles. Students' exposure to violence extended to other stressors illuminated by the YRBS including fighting, perceptions of safety, and other high-risk behaviors. Through the violence index we created, we are better able to categorize the most high-risk individuals and describe the magnitude of their increased likelihood to carry a gun. (...) Gun carrying among freshmen and sophomores in Chicago, New York City and Los Angeles public schools: the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 2007-2013 This study evaluated trends and risk factors over time for self-reported gun carrying among freshman and sophomore public school students in Chicago, New York City and Los Angeles, chosen as high profile cities with different levels of firearm violence.The study used four biennial waves (2007-2013) of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), an anonymous

2018 Injury epidemiology PubMed

12. Doctors of the World: a public health approach to ending the epidemic of gun violence in the US

in urban communities is a man made disaster, linked to an underlying set of social determinants much as we have seen in other epidemics. Long term public disinvestment in education, housing, job training, and the social safety net, persistent structural racism and discrimination, lack of economic opportunity, poverty, and a legal framework that both eases the availability of firearms and has increased the lethality of those weapons drive the gun violence epidemic. Doctors of the World USA, the US (...) Doctors of the World: a public health approach to ending the epidemic of gun violence in the US Doctors of the World: a public health approach to ending the epidemic of gun violence in the US - The BMJ ---> Almost one year ago, on 14 February 2018, a former student of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida entered the school armed with an array of semi-automatic weapons and opened fire, randomly killing 17 students and staff members and injuring another 17. It was among

2019 The BMJ Blog

13. Putting the Conversation about Gun Ownership and Safety in Context (Full text)

Putting the Conversation about Gun Ownership and Safety in Context 27184751 2018 08 15 2018 12 02 1525-1497 31 10 2016 10 Journal of general internal medicine J Gen Intern Med Putting the Conversation about Gun Ownership and Safety in Context. 1113-4 10.1007/s11606-016-3739-6 Shelton Wayne W Alden March Bioethics Institute, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA. sheltow@mail.amc.edu. eng Editorial Comment United States J Gen Intern Med 8605834 0884-8734 IM J Gen Intern Med. 2016 Oct;31(10

2016 Journal of General Internal Medicine PubMed

14. Physicians Asking Patients About Guns: Promoting Patient Safety, Respecting Patient Rights. (Full text)

Physicians Asking Patients About Guns: Promoting Patient Safety, Respecting Patient Rights. Recent debate on whether physicians should discuss gun ownership with their patients has centered on determining whether gun injuries are an issue of health or safety, and on protecting patient privacy. Yet, physicians' duties span personal health, public health, and safety spheres, and they often must address private patient matters. To prioritize gun safety and reduce gun injuries, the primary policy (...) -driving question should be: will physician counseling on gun ownership effectively reduce gun-related injuries without interfering with the physician's other treatment obligations or compromising the physician-patient relationship? Existing data on physician-initiated conversations with patients about guns support a positive prevention effect. However, it is critical that physician-initiated discussions of safe gun practices are not motivated by, nor convey, disapproval of gun ownership. To be ethical

2016 Journal of General Internal Medicine PubMed

15. Gun Safety

Gun Safety Gun Safety Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Gun Safety Gun Safety Aka: Gun Safety , Firearm Safety From (...) Related Chapters II. Epidemiology: Firearm related injury in United States Deaths per year under age 20: 6,000 Severe injury per year under age 20: 24,000 III. Community-Based Gun Safety Program North Carolina study Firearm Safety counseling Gun lock distribution and instruction on use Efficacy Increased gun lock use from 0 to 72% Decreased unlocked and loaded gun rate from 18 to 7% Reference Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search

2018 FP Notebook

16. Gun Access and Safety Practices among Older Adults (Full text)

Gun Access and Safety Practices among Older Adults Background. Given high rates of gun ownership among older adults, geriatric providers can assess firearm safety practices using a "5 Ls" approach: Locked; Loaded; Little children; feeling Low; and Learned owner. This study describes gun access and the "5 Ls" among US older adults. Methods. Data on the "5 Ls" from the Second Injury Control and Risk Survey (ICARIS-2), a national telephone survey conducted by the Centers for Disease Control (...) and Prevention, were analyzed. Weighted variables were used to generate national estimates regarding prevalence of gun ownership and associated gun safety among older adults (≥55 years). Results. Of 2939 older adults, 39% (95% CI 37%-42%) reported ≥1 gun stored at home. Among those with guns at home, 21% (95% CI 18-24%) stored guns loaded and unlocked; 9.2% (95% CI 6.6-12%) had ≥1 child in household; 5.1% (95% CI 3.5-6.8%) reported past-year suicidal ideation and 3.6% (95% CI 2.1-5.2%) reported history

2016 Current gerontology and geriatrics research PubMed

17. Drugs, Guns and Cars: How Far We Have Come to Improve Safety in the United States; Yet We Still Have Far to Go. (Full text)

Drugs, Guns and Cars: How Far We Have Come to Improve Safety in the United States; Yet We Still Have Far to Go. Significant breakthroughs in the field of injury prevention and childhood safety have occurred during the past half-century. For example, the Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970 and the institution of child passenger safety laws are responsible for a significant reduction in injuries among children and adolescents. This review will focus on the following three topics because (...) , the development of novel approaches to access and examine firearm injury data is leading to exploration of public health approaches to reduce these injuries. Finally, despite legislative and educational efforts surrounding child passenger safety and graduated driver license laws, motor vehicle crashes are still a leading cause of injury for both children and adolescents; however, research on these laws holds the opportunity for significant reduction in injuries. Focused efforts to reduce unintentional

2016 Pediatric Research PubMed

18. Brief use of a specific gun in a violent game does not affect attitudes towards that gun (Full text)

outcomes of product evaluations or purchasing intentions with regard to the AR-15. Attitudes towards public policy and estimation of gun safety were also not influenced by experimental condition, although these might have been better tested by comparison against a no-violence control condition. By contrast, gender and political party had dramatic associations with all outcomes. We conclude that, if product placement shapes attitudes towards firearms, such effects will need to be studied with stronger (...) Brief use of a specific gun in a violent game does not affect attitudes towards that gun Although much attention has been paid to the question of whether violent video games increase aggressive behaviour, little attention has been paid to how such games might encourage antecedents of gun violence. In this study, we examined how product placement, the attractive in-game presentation of certain real-world firearm brands, might encourage gun ownership, a necessary antecedent of gun violence. We

2016 Royal Society Open Science PubMed

19. The Relationships Among Exposure to Violence, Psychological Distress, and Gun Carrying Among Male Adolescents Found Guilty of Serious Legal Offenses: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. (Full text)

The Relationships Among Exposure to Violence, Psychological Distress, and Gun Carrying Among Male Adolescents Found Guilty of Serious Legal Offenses: A Longitudinal Cohort Study. Gun violence and psychological problems are often conflated in public discourse on gun safety. However, few studies have empirically assessed the effect of exposure to violence when exploring the association between gun carrying and psychological distress.To examine the potential effect of exposure to violence (...) on the associations between gun carrying and psychological distress among vulnerable adolescents.Longitudinal cohort study.The Pathways to Desistance study, a study of youths found guilty of a serious criminal offense in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, or Maricopa County, Arizona.1170 male youths aged 14 to 19 years who had been found guilty of a serious criminal offense.Youths were assessed at baseline and at four 6-month intervals with regard to gun carrying ("Have you carried a gun?"), psychological

2017 Annals of Internal Medicine PubMed

20. Pediatric resident firearm-related anticipatory guidance: Why are we still not talking about guns? (PubMed)

Pediatric resident firearm-related anticipatory guidance: Why are we still not talking about guns? This study characterizes the current firearm-related anticipatory guidance practices of pediatricians-in-training and the factors affecting those practices. In this study of Pediatric residents in the Mid-Atlantic region, surveys were distributed to 189 trainees at three hospitals. Eighty-one responses were collected between June 2017 and March 2018. The survey gathered information about (...) . For pediatricians to provide potentially lifesaving counseling on firearm safety, they must be well-versed in the subject and feel comfortable and confident in doing so. Educational interventions addressing physician self-efficacy are necessary to accomplish this. There is an urgent need to develop a comprehensive firearm safety education program for physicians and trainees to improve firearm counseling.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2019 Preventive Medicine

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