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Gingivitis in HIV

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1. Oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus in 75 adult patients: a clinical study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oral lesions associated with human immunodeficiency virus in 75 adult patients: a clinical study The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of oral lesions in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients in a descriptive cross-sectional study, and to establish their presence according to levels of CD4+ cells (including the CD4+/CD8+ cell ratio).A total of 75 patients infected with HIV were included. Oral lesions were observed (...) and classified using World Health Organization classification guidelines. Potential correlations between the presence and severity of oral lesions and CD4+ cells, including the CD4+/CD8+ cell ratio, were studied.The most frequent oral lesion detected was oral pseudomembranous candidiasis (80.0%), followed by periodontal disease (40.0%), herpetic lesions (16.0%), hairy leukoplakia (16.0%), gingivitis (20.0%), oral ulceration (12.0%), Kaposi's sarcoma (8.0%), and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (4.0%). The CD4+ count

2017 Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons

2. Association of gingivitis with dental calculus thickness or dental calculus coverage and subgingival bacteria in feline leukemia virus- and feline immunodeficiency virus-negative cats Full Text available with Trip Pro

Association of gingivitis with dental calculus thickness or dental calculus coverage and subgingival bacteria in feline leukemia virus- and feline immunodeficiency virus-negative cats Periodontal disease is the most common oral disease in cats. The objectives of this study were to determine the relationships between gingivitis and dental calculus thickness (DCT), or dental calculus coverage (DCC); determine the association of gingivitis scores and types of oral bacteria; and to evaluate (...) bacterial co-infection in cats with periodontal disease. Twelve cats that were not infected with feline leukemia or feline immunodeficiency viruses were enrolled in the study. Gingivitis, DCT, and DCC were scored and recorded. A Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare scores among canine, 2nd premolar, 3rd premolar, 4th premolar, and 1st molar teeth. The relationship between gingivitis and DCT or DCC scores was determined using the Spearman rank sum test (ρ). Subgingival bacteria were cultured

2017 Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research

3. Gingivitis

removal of dental plaque by tooth brushing and cleaning between the teeth. Necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is a more serious condition that is mainly found in developing countries associated with people with severe malnutrition or HIV/AIDS with low CD4 T-cell counts. Definition Gingivitis is inflammation of the gingiva. The vast majority of cases are related to bacteria-induced inflammation caused by the dental plaque (bacterial biofilm) that forms daily on the teeth. Necrotising ulcerative (...) mellitus pregnancy severe malnutrition or marginal nutritional deficiencies HIV/AIDS (in necrotising ulcerative gingivitis [NUG]) stress (in necrotising ulcerative gingivitis [NUG]) stress (in plaque-associated gingivitis) xerostomic medicines male gender shared living conditions (necrotising ulcerative gingivitis) high alcohol intake substance abuse Diagnostic investigations clinical diagnosis Treatment algorithm ACUTE Contributors Authors Professor of Oral Medicine and Medical Technologies Department

2018 BMJ Best Practice

4. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Diagnosis)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Diagnosis) Pediatric HIV Infection: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY1MDg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing (...) > Pediatric HIV Infection Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric HIV Infection Overview Practice Essentials Since the first cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were identified, the number of children infected with HIV has risen dramatically in developing countries, the result of an increased number of HIV-infected women of childbearing age in these areas. HIV is a retrovirus and can

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

5. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Overview)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Overview) Pediatric HIV Infection: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY1MDg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing (...) > Pediatric HIV Infection Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric HIV Infection Overview Practice Essentials Since the first cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were identified, the number of children infected with HIV has risen dramatically in developing countries, the result of an increased number of HIV-infected women of childbearing age in these areas. HIV is a retrovirus and can

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

6. Gingival Recession and Localized Aggressive Periodontitis Among HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy. (Abstract)

Gingival Recession and Localized Aggressive Periodontitis Among HIV-Infected Children and Adolescents Receiving Antiretroviral Therapy. Limited information is available on gingival recession or localised aggressive periodontitis among HIV-infected children and adolescents. This study reports on the prevalence of these conditions among children and adolescents receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).A cross-sectional study on HIV-infected children and adolescents attending a Paediatric HIV clinic (...) %) presented with gingival recession on permanent mandibular incisors and/or localised aggressive periodontitis of molar teeth. Multivariable logistic regression revealed that patients with gingival recession and aggressive periodontitis had a significantly shorter duration of ART, and were more likely to have suboptimal HIV-control (CD4 count ≤500 cells/µL and/or HIV viral load ≥50 copies/mL) and be on advanced ART regimens after virological failure on 1- and 2-line treatment.The results emphasise

2018 Pediatric Infectious Dsease Journal

7. Unexpected Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis in a Well-controlled HIV-infected Case Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unexpected Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis in a Well-controlled HIV-infected Case We herein report the case of a 41-year-old Japanese man with well-controlled HIV who presented with diagnostically difficult acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis (ANUG). After diet-induced weight loss, he developed oral pain and disturbance of mouth opening, and was admitted to our hospital. Based on preconceptions of HIV-associated diseases, fluconazole was initiated for candidiasis. However (...) , no improvement was seen and ANUG was finally diagnosed. This case suggests that physicians should consider ANUG in HIV-infected individuals when several risk factors are present, even if CD4+ T-lymphocyte counts have remained stable owing to long-term anti-retroviral therapy.

2017 Internal Medicine

8. A Clinical Trial to Evaluate Kerecis Oralâ„¢ Compared to Autogenous Free Gingival Graft (AFGG) Tissue to Augment Gingival Soft Tissue and Wound Healing

for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03664401 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : September 10, 2018 Last Update Posted : September 13, 2018 Sponsor: Kerecis Ltd. Collaborator: Tufts University School of Dental Medicine Information provided by (Responsible Party): Kerecis Ltd. Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: The purpose of this study is to evaluate Omega-3 Wound™ as an alternative to autogenous free gingival grafts harvested from the palate to treat human subjects (...) A Clinical Trial to Evaluate Kerecis Oralâ„¢ Compared to Autogenous Free Gingival Graft (AFGG) Tissue to Augment Gingival Soft Tissue and Wound Healing A Clinical Trial to Evaluate Kerecis Oral™ Compared to Autogenous Free Gingival Graft (AFGG) Tissue to Augment Gingival Soft Tissue and Wound Healing - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved

2018 Clinical Trials

9. Gingivitis in HIV

sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Gingivitis in HIV." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Human Immunodeficiency Virus About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty (...) Gingivitis in HIV Gingivitis in HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Gingivitis in HIV Gingivitis in HIV Aka

2018 FP Notebook

10. Gingivitis and periodontitis

necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis Recommendations on the diagnosis of acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis are based on expert opinion in review articles [ ; ] and a textbook [ ]. Differential diagnosis What else might it be? Other conditions which may resemble gingivitis and periodontitis include the following: Oral malignancy. Herpetic gingivostomatitis: Occurs predominantly in children and is caused by primary infection with herpes simplex virus. Is characterized by acute onset of fever, malaise (...) surfaces of the arms). Conjunctiva may be involved in pemphigoid. Causes of gingival bleeding, including platelet disorders, vascular conditions, leukaemia, and HIV infection. Gum hypertrophy caused by drugs: Most commonly caused by phenytoin, calcium-channel blockers (amlodipine, diltiazem, felodipine, nifedipine, and verapamil), or ciclosporin. About 50% of people taking phenytoin, 30% of those taking ciclosporin, and 10% of those taking nifedipine will develop gum hypertrophy. Rarely, other drugs

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

11. HIV

contact us via jon.brassey@tripdatabase.com Top results for hiv 1. HIV infection and AIDS HIV infection and AIDS - NICE CKS Clinical Knowledge Summaries Share HIV infection and AIDS - Summary The Human Immunodeficiency Virus ( HIV ) is a retrovirus that preferentially infects and destroys cells of the immune system, in particular the CD4 cells (a class of T lymphocyte, also known as T helper cells). There are 2 main types of HIV : HIV -1 (the predominant type in the UK) is highly virulent and is found (...) Management in Australia has developed specific clinical guidance on the topic of when to start antiretroviral therapy in people with HIV . Key considerations concerning the issue 2011 9. Diagnosis and Treatment of Co-infection With Human Immunodeficiency Virus /Latent Tuberculosis Infection ( HIV /TBL) Diagnosis and Treatment of Co-infection With Human Immunodeficiency Virus /Latent Tuberculosis Infection ( HIV /TBL) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov A service of the U.S. National Institutes

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

12. Induced Gingivitis & Intra-oral Imaging

Induced Gingivitis & Intra-oral Imaging Induced Gingivitis & Intra-oral Imaging - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Induced Gingivitis & Intra-oral Imaging The safety and scientific validity (...) by (Responsible Party): Richard Darveau, University of Washington Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Using an experimental, non-invasive intra-oral imaging device, this study evaluates the effects on the gingival tissue when oral hygiene is stopped in a section of the mouth for two weeks and gingivitis develops. The effects on the gingival tissue continues to be evaluated as oral hygiene is resumed and the gingival tissue returns to health. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase

2018 Clinical Trials

13. Biomarkers of oral inflammation in perinatally HIV-infected and perinatally HIV-exposed, uninfected youth. (Abstract)

Biomarkers of oral inflammation in perinatally HIV-infected and perinatally HIV-exposed, uninfected youth. To examine oral biomarkers that have been associated with periodontal disease progression in HIV-infected adults in perinatally HIV-infected and HIV-exposed but uninfected youth.This was a cross-sectional, multicentre substudy of youth participating in the Oral Health Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort study. Gingival crevicular fluid repository samples from participants with and without (...) periodontal disease (using Gingival Index [GI] and Bleeding on Probing [BOP] parameters on dental examination) were tested for concentration levels of inflammatory biomarkers. Associations were assessed using Wilcoxon test and Spearman correlation.For perinatal HIV youth (n = 129), the markers consistently elevated (p < .05) in sites with GI ≥2 and in sites with BOP were interleukin-1β, 6 and 13, macrophage inflammatory protein-1α and metalloproteinase-9. Serum tumour necrosis factor-α and soluble CD14

2019 Journal of Clinical Periodontology

14. Study to Assess the Inhibition of Plaque Formation in Subjects With a Gingival Index ≤1.5

vestibular fillings such as large cervical or frontal teeth fillings; teeth with small interdental and orally oriented fillings are allowed); Non-pigmented gingiva; Signed informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: Subjects with severe systemic diseases (e.g. hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection, tuberculosis, acute cancer treatment); Subjects who require endocarditis prophylaxis for dental examination and treatment; Subjects with caries requiring treatment (e.g. caries with cavity (...) Study to Assess the Inhibition of Plaque Formation in Subjects With a Gingival Index ≤1.5 Study to Assess the Inhibition of Plaque Formation in Subjects With a Gingival Index ≤1.5 - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more

2017 Clinical Trials

15. Study to Assess the Inhibition of Plaque Formation in Subjects With a Gingival Index ≤1.5

interdental and orally oriented fillings are allowed); Non-pigmented gingiva; Signed informed consent. Exclusion Criteria: Subjects with severe systemic diseases (e.g. hepatitis, human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] infection, tuberculosis, acute cancer treatment); Subjects who require endocarditis prophylaxis for dental examination and treatment; Subjects with caries requiring treatment (e.g. caries with cavity) or other oral diseases (including gingival hyperplasia, diseases of the oral mucosa); Subjects (...) Study to Assess the Inhibition of Plaque Formation in Subjects With a Gingival Index ≤1.5 Study to Assess the Inhibition of Plaque Formation in Subjects With a Gingival Index ≤1.5 - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more

2017 Clinical Trials

16. Efficiency of PRP on Acellular Dermal Matrix Application in the Treatment of Multiple Adjacent Gingival Recessions

diseases (human immunodeficiency virus or hepatitis) -- -any disease that significantly affects the periodontium; known allergy to any of the materials used in the study; requirement for antibiotic prophylaxis; taking medications known to interfere with periodontal health and healing not detectable cemento-enamel junction (CEJ); restorations or caries at the recession site; failure to maintain an oral hygiene level ≥80% plaque-free surfaces; pregnancy or lactation; use of tobacco products; alcohol (...) Efficiency of PRP on Acellular Dermal Matrix Application in the Treatment of Multiple Adjacent Gingival Recessions Efficiency of PRP on Acellular Dermal Matrix Application in the Treatment of Multiple Adjacent Gingival Recessions - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number

2017 Clinical Trials

17. HIV infection and AIDS

HIV infection and AIDS HIV infection and AIDS - NICE CKS Share HIV infection and AIDS: Summary The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is a retrovirus that preferentially infects and destroys cells of the immune system, in particular the CD4 cells (a class of T lymphocyte, also known as T helper cells). There are 2 main types of HIV: HIV-1 (the predominant type in the UK) is highly virulent and is found worldwide. HIV-2 is found mainly in West Africa but has also been reported in Portugal (...) QIPP - Options for local implementation No QIPP indicators were found during the review of this topic. NICE quality standards NICE quality standards No NICE quality standards were found during the review of this topic. Background information Background information Definitions What is HIV, HIV infection, and AIDS? Pathogenesis of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) HIV is a lentivirus from the subfamily of retroviruses — lentiviruses have a long latent phase between infection and the development

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

18. Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection

-dose combination FTC emtricitabine GIPA greater involvement of people living with HIV/AIDS GPRS General Packet Radio Service GRADE Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation GSM Global System for Mobile Communications HA health accounts HBeAg hepatitis B e antigen HBsAg hepatitis B surface antigen HBV hepatitis B virus HCV hepatitis C virus HIV human immunodeficiency virus HIV-DR HIV drug resistance HIVST HIV self-testing HLA human leukocyte antigen HPV human papillomavirus (...) ARV drugsxii Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS General HIV refers to the human immunodeficiency virus. There are two types of HIV: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of HIV infections globally. Acute infection is the period between a person being infected with HIV and HIV antibodies being detectable by a serological assay. Age groups and populations The following definitions

2016 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

19. Periodontal Therapy on HIV Patients Undergoing HAART May Provide Slight Benefit in Periodontal Health

). Periodontal monitoring and early therapy is suggested regardless if the patient is on HAART therapy. #2) John/2013 120 randomly selected male and female HIV-positive patients aged between 17-55 years of age Case Control Study Key results No significant differences were found between patients on HAART and their plaque index or their gingival index. However, it was shown that HAART patients' probing depths and clinical attachments were significantly affected (p= 0.0065 and p= 0.0029). Evidence Search (...) Periodontal Therapy on HIV Patients Undergoing HAART May Provide Slight Benefit in Periodontal Health UTCAT2849, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Periodontal Therapy on HIV Patients Undergoing HAART May Provide Slight Benefit in Periodontal Health Clinical Question In adult HIV patients undergoing HAART, are clinical outcomes (BOP, clinical attachments, and reduction in pocket depth) from periodontal

2015 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

20. Gingivitis in HIV

sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Gingivitis in HIV." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Human Immunodeficiency Virus About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked topic pages divided into a tree of 31 specialty (...) Gingivitis in HIV Gingivitis in HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Gingivitis in HIV Gingivitis in HIV Aka

2015 FP Notebook

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