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Geriatric Depression Scale

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1. Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an (PubMed)

Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an The 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30) and the shorter GDS-15, GDS-5 and GDS-4 are recommended as depression screening tools for elderly individuals. Existing meta-analyses on the diagnostic accuracy of the GDS have not been able (...) to conduct subgroup analyses, have included patients already identified as depressed who would not be screened in practice and have not accounted for possible bias due to selective reporting of results from only better-performing cut-offs in primary studies. Individual participant data meta-analysis (IPDMA), which involves a standard systematic review, then a synthesis of individual participant data, rather than summary results, could address these limitations. The objective of our IPDMA is to generate

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2018 BMJ open

2. The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale and the geriatric depression scale-5 in home-dwelling old adults in Norway<sup>✰</sup>. (PubMed)

The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale and the geriatric depression scale-5 in home-dwelling old adults in Norway. Little is known about the validity of the Norwegian versions of the Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-D (HADS-D). The aim of this study was therefor to validate the two assessment tools in a population of home-dwelling persons of 60 years of age and above.A sample of 194 home-dwelling old adults (...) with and without depressive symptoms were recruited. The participants were examined for depressive symptoms (GDS-5, HADS-D) and cognitive impairment. Sociodemographic information was collected. The participants underwent a blinded diagnostic evaluation for a depressive episode according to the diagnostic criteria of ICD-10.In all, 56 (28.9%) participants fulfilled criteria for a depressive episode according to ICD-10. The Receiver Operating Characteristics analyses of HAD-D and GDS-5 using the diagnostic

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

3. Screening of depression among elderly using various forms of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies

Screening of depression among elderly using various forms of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through

2019 PROSPERO

4. Usefulness of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for classifying minor and major depressive disorders among community-dwelling elders. (PubMed)

Usefulness of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for classifying minor and major depressive disorders among community-dwelling elders. The 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) is a short form of GDS and is used to screen, diagnose, and evaluate depression in elderly individuals. Most previous studies evaluated the ability of GDS-15 to discriminate between depressive and non-depressive states. In this study, we investigated the multi-stage discriminating ability of GDS-15 (...) .A total of 774 participants, over 65 years of age were included (normal, n = 650; minor depressive disorder [MnDD], n = 94; major depressive disorder [MDD], n = 30). Multi-category receiver operating characteristic (ROC) surfaces were evaluated to identify three stages of geriatric depression. The optimal cutoff points were selected based on the volume under the ROC surface (VUS) and the Youden index.In the results of multi-category classification analyses, VUS of the GDS-15 of 0.61 was obtained

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

5. Does the Geriatric Depression Scale measure depression in Parkinson's disease? (PubMed)

Does the Geriatric Depression Scale measure depression in Parkinson's disease? The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is recommended for screening depression in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Empirical evidence, however, is limited regarding its validity and factor structure in PD. Thus, the current study sought to evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of the GDS, as well as the structure and validity of the derived factors.Nondemented individuals with PD (n = 158) completed (...) the GDS-30, and items were subjected to a principle component analysis. Geriatric Depression Scale total and factor scores were correlated with depression items from the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRSd) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMDd), as well as with the Apathy Scale (AS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), Parkinson's disease Sleep Scale, and a Subjective Cognitive Function composite score.The

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2018 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

6. The diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5, and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis

The diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5, and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) as assessed by Jablonski scale; continuous; Jablonski score. ">Data to be extracted: secondary outcome(s) Example: 1st author, year of publication, language, journal. ">Data to be extracted: other as well as a to meta-analysis of pre-clinical studies are available. Example: A meta‐analysis will be performed for all outcome measures reported in 10 or more articles. For subgroup analysis a minimum of 8 studies per subgroup is required. If meta‐analysis is not possible, data will be reported through

2018 PROSPERO

7. Reliability and Validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale in Italian Subjects with Parkinson's Disease (PubMed)

Reliability and Validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale in Italian Subjects with Parkinson's Disease The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is commonly used to assess depressive symptoms, but its psychometric properties have never been examined in Italian people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to study the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the GDS in a sample of PD patients.The GDS was administered to 74 patients with PD in order to study its internal (...) patients to nondepressed patient, with a cutoff value between 15 and 16 points that predicts depression (sensitivity = 87%; specificity = 82%).The GDS is a reliable and valid tool in a sample of Italian PD subjects; this scale can be used in clinical and research contexts.

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2018 Parkinson's disease

8. Factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale and measurement invariance across gender among Chinese elders. (PubMed)

Factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale and measurement invariance across gender among Chinese elders. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is commonly used in research and clinical settings for screening of depression. The current study aimed to examine the best-fit factor structure model of the GDS among Chinese elders and to evaluate the measurement invariance of the GDS across genders.Participants included 1,553 elderly residents from the Hunan, Shandong, and Beijing provinces (...) . Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted in tandem to determine the structure of the GDS on a large scale. Multigroup CFA (N = 1553, 45.24% male, mean = 71.33 ± 8.06) was utilized to test the measurement invariance of the depressive symptom structure, which was generated by EFA and confirmed by CFA across gender.A three-factor model with 15 depression, 9 apathy and 4 vigor items presented the best fit indices. Measurement invariance of the new proposed model

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

9. Clinical utility of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for use with young and middle-aged adults. (PubMed)

Clinical utility of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for use with young and middle-aged adults. The Geriatric Depression Scale, Short Form (GDS-15) is a widely-used depression rating scale for elderly adults. It might be useful for persons across the adult lifespan, but more research is needed to support its clinical utility with young and middle-aged adults.We examined the classification accuracy of the GDS-15 in identifying depression cases and non-cases in adults aged 18-54 (...) (n = 199) compared to those aged 55-80 (n = 112), using the standard cutoff score of 5. Criterion-related validity of the GDS-15 was examined based on its chance-corrected agreement with a clinical diagnostic interview.Classification accuracy based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was strong in younger (area under the curve; AUC = 0.92) and older adults (AUC = 0.94). Sensitivity and specificity of the GDS-15 for identifying depression were 72% and 97% for younger adults and 86

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

10. Validating the Geriatric Depression Scale with proxy-based data: A case-control psychological autopsy study in rural China. (PubMed)

Validating the Geriatric Depression Scale with proxy-based data: A case-control psychological autopsy study in rural China. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) has been widely used for late-life depression, but it lacks validation in psychological autopsy research. This study aimed to assess the validity and establish the optimal cut-off values of the GDS-30 and the GDS-15 with proxy-based data in rural China.We applied psychological autopsy to collect data from 242 consecutive suicide cases (...) and 242 paired living community controls.Subject-proxy concordance for the GDS-30 (ICC = 0.590) and the GDS-15 (ICC = 0.539) were fair in the living controls. Based on proxy-data, we found that the suicide cases had higher scores of depression than the living controls did; the values of Cronbach's alpha demonstrated good internal consistency of the GDS-30 and the GDS-15; the Spearman correlation analysis indicated that the GDS scores were correlated with hopelessness, loneliness, and quality of life

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

11. A Psychometric Properties Evaluation of the Italian Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (PubMed)

A Psychometric Properties Evaluation of the Italian Version of the Geriatric Depression Scale The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is an evaluation tool to diagnose older adult's depression. This questionnaire was defined by Yesavage and Brink in 1982; it was designed expressly for the older person and defines his/her degree of satisfaction, quality of life, and feelings. The objective of this study is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Italian translation of the Geriatric (...) Depression Scale (GDS-IT).The Italian version of the Geriatric Depression Scale was administered to 119 people (79 people with a depression diagnosis and 40 healthy ones). We examined the following psychometric characteristics: internal consistency reliability, test-retest reliability, concurrent validity, and construct validity (factor structure).Cronbach's Alpha for the GDS-IT administered to the depressed sample was 0.84. Test-retest reliability was 0.91 and the concurrent validity was 0.83

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2018 Depression research and treatment

12. The Geriatric Depression Scale: does it measure depressive mood, depressive affect, or both? (PubMed)

The Geriatric Depression Scale: does it measure depressive mood, depressive affect, or both? Self-report measures of depression are highly important tools used in research and in various healthcare settings for the diagnosis of different levels of depression. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is the first and the most popular scale used to screen for late-life depression. It is endorsed by the Royal College of Physicians and the British Geriatric Society (1992). The purpose of the present (...) research was to investigate whether scores on the GDS15 capture depressive mood (i.e. trait depression), depressive affect (i.e. short-term depressive state), or both.For this purpose, a trait-state model (stable trait, autoregressive trait, and state model) was applied to GDS15 scores obtained at four time points over a 6-year period among a sample of community-dwelling older persons (N = 753). This model allows decomposing the GDS15 scores into three different variance components: stable trait

2016 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

13. Does the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale function differently in old people with different levels of cognitive functioning? (PubMed)

Does the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale function differently in old people with different levels of cognitive functioning? The 15-item version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) is widely employed to screen depression among elderly but little is known about the scale functioning in cognitively impaired individuals when compared to normal ones. The aim of the current study is to investigate Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across groups of older people that differ in terms

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2017 Journal of Affective Disorders

14. Definition of a Geriatric Depression Scale cutoff based upon quality of life: a population-based study. (PubMed)

Definition of a Geriatric Depression Scale cutoff based upon quality of life: a population-based study. The cutoff scores for the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) commonly adopted in clinical and research settings are based upon other neuropsychological tests. However, any intervention for depression should aim at improving subjective quality of life (QoL). We searched for a GDS cutoff level that might identify a decrease in perceived QoL using a scale that also allows formal cost-effectiveness (...) QoL (odds ratio (OR) = 1.07, 95% confidence (CI) = 1.02-1.12, p = 0.003); also, it was a fair predictor of worse QoL (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.72; 95% CI = 0.67-0.76). The best GDS score cutoff for identifying a poor QoL was above 9/30. Results were similar (OR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.02-1.12, p = 0.003, and AUC = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.67-0.76) for the short GDS form for a cutoff above 5/15.Among older subjects, depressive symptoms are associated with reduced QoL; GDS scores above 9/30 or 5/15 best

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2017 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

15. Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos (PubMed)

Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos Depression and physical function are particularly important health domains for the elderly. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) physical function item bank are two surveys commonly used to measure these domains. It is unclear if these two instruments adequately measure these aspects

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2017 The patient

16. Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men: A Prospective Cohort Study (PubMed)

Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men: A Prospective Cohort Study Prospective evaluations of the associations between depressive symptoms and suicide deaths have been mainly performed in high-risk populations, such as individuals with psychiatric disorders or histories of self-harm. The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine whether more severe depressive symptoms assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were (...) associated with a greater risk of death from suicide in a general-risk population.A total of 113 478 men from the Korean Veterans Health Study (mean age, 58.9 years) who participated in a postal survey in 2004 were followed up for suicide mortality until 2010.Over 6.4 years of follow-up, 400 men died by suicide (56.7 deaths per 100 000 person-years). More severe depressive symptoms were associated with greater risk of suicide death (p for trend <0.001). The unadjusted hazard ratios (HRs) in comparison

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2016 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

17. The Effects of Donepezil on 15-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Structure in Patients with Alzheimer Disease (PubMed)

The Effects of Donepezil on 15-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Structure in Patients with Alzheimer Disease In Alzheimer disease (AD), depression is among the most common accompanying neuropsychiatric symptoms and has different clinical manifestations when compared with early-life depression. In patients with drug-naïve AD, we tried to explore the structure of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS15) and the effect of donepezil on these substructures.GDS15, cognitive function (...) , and activities of daily living function tests were administered to 412 patients with probable AD who had not been medicated before visiting the hospital. Using principal component analysis, three factors were identified. The patients with AD who received only donepezil were retrospectively analyzed and we compared the change of cognition and GDS15 subgroup after donepezil medication.Our study identified three factors and revealed that the GDS15 may be comprised of a heterogeneous scale. The Barthel index

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2016 Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders extra

18. The geriatric depression scale and the timed up and go test predict fear of falling in community-dwelling elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

The geriatric depression scale and the timed up and go test predict fear of falling in community-dwelling elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study. Fear of falling is a common and potentially disabling problem among older adults. However, little is known about this condition in older adults with diabetes mellitus. The aims of this study were to investigate the impact of the fear of falling on clinical, functional and gait variables in older women with type 2 diabetes (...) a fear of falling. The group with the fear of falling also walked with a lower velocity, cadence and step length and increased step time and swing time variability. The multivariate regression analysis showed that the likelihood of having a fear of falling increased 1.34 times (OR 1.34, 95 % CI 1.11-1.61) for a one-point increase in the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) score and 1.36 times (OR 1.36, 95 % CI 1.07-1.73) for each second of increase in the TUG performance.The fear of falling

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2016 BMC Geriatrics

19. Geriatric Depression Scale

Geriatric Depression Scale Geriatric Depression Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Geriatric Depression Scale (...) Geriatric Depression Scale Aka: Geriatric Depression Scale , Geriatric Depression Scale Survey , Fifteen-Item Geriatric Depression Scale II. Background screening tool Tool is currently in the public domain Intended for interviewer to ask the questions III. Questions: Short Form (15 questions, Positive answer in parentheses) Are you basically satisfied with your life? (NO) Have you dropped many of your activities and interests? (YES) Do you feel your life is empty? (YES) Do you often get bored? (YES

2018 FP Notebook

20. Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale

Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Five-Item (...) Geriatric Depression Scale Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Aka: Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale II. Criteria: Questions (abnormal or positive answers in parentheses) Are you basically satisfied with your life? (No) Do you often get bored? (Yes) Do you often feel helpless? (Yes) Do you prefer to stay at home rather than going out and doing new things? (Yes) Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now? (Yes) III. Interpretation Two positive answers suggests depression IV. Efficacy : 97

2018 FP Notebook

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