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Geriatric Depression Scale

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1. Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an The 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30) and the shorter GDS-15, GDS-5 and GDS-4 are recommended as depression screening tools for elderly individuals. Existing meta-analyses on the diagnostic accuracy of the GDS have not been able (...) accuracy estimates to detect major depression for all possible cut-offs of each version of the GDS among studies using different reference standards, separately and among participant subgroups based on age, sex, dementia diagnosis and care settings. In addition, we will use a modelling approach to generate individual participant probabilities for major depression based on GDS scores (rather than a dichotomous cut-off) and participant characteristics (eg, sex, age, dementia status, care setting

2018 BMJ open

2. Clinical utility of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for use with young and middle-aged adults. (Abstract)

Clinical utility of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for use with young and middle-aged adults. The Geriatric Depression Scale, Short Form (GDS-15) is a widely-used depression rating scale for elderly adults. It might be useful for persons across the adult lifespan, but more research is needed to support its clinical utility with young and middle-aged adults.We examined the classification accuracy of the GDS-15 in identifying depression cases and non-cases in adults aged 18-54 (...) (n = 199) compared to those aged 55-80 (n = 112), using the standard cutoff score of 5. Criterion-related validity of the GDS-15 was examined based on its chance-corrected agreement with a clinical diagnostic interview.Classification accuracy based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was strong in younger (area under the curve; AUC = 0.92) and older adults (AUC = 0.94). Sensitivity and specificity of the GDS-15 for identifying depression were 72% and 97% for younger adults and 86

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

3. Usefulness of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for classifying minor and major depressive disorders among community-dwelling elders. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Usefulness of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for classifying minor and major depressive disorders among community-dwelling elders. The 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) is a short form of GDS and is used to screen, diagnose, and evaluate depression in elderly individuals. Most previous studies evaluated the ability of GDS-15 to discriminate between depressive and non-depressive states. In this study, we investigated the multi-stage discriminating ability of GDS-15 (...) .A total of 774 participants, over 65 years of age were included (normal, n = 650; minor depressive disorder [MnDD], n = 94; major depressive disorder [MDD], n = 30). Multi-category receiver operating characteristic (ROC) surfaces were evaluated to identify three stages of geriatric depression. The optimal cutoff points were selected based on the volume under the ROC surface (VUS) and the Youden index.In the results of multi-category classification analyses, VUS of the GDS-15 of 0.61 was obtained

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

4. Does the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale function differently in old people with different levels of cognitive functioning? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Does the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale function differently in old people with different levels of cognitive functioning? The 15-item version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) is widely employed to screen depression among elderly but little is known about the scale functioning in cognitively impaired individuals when compared to normal ones. The aim of the current study is to investigate Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across groups of older people that differ in terms (...) of cognitive functioning applying Item Response Theory (IRT)-based analyses.Data from an Italian multi-centric clinical-based study on cognitive impairment and dementia in old people were employed (N = 1903; Age: M = 77.33, SD = 7.05, 62% women). All the participants underwent a comprehensive evaluation (including clinical examination, laboratory screening, neuroimaging, and cognitive and behavioral assessments) and they were assigned to three different groups on the basis of their cognitive functioning

2017 Journal of Affective Disorders

5. The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale and the geriatric depression scale-5 in home-dwelling old adults in Norway<sup>✰</sup>. (Abstract)

The validity of the hospital anxiety and depression scale and the geriatric depression scale-5 in home-dwelling old adults in Norway. Little is known about the validity of the Norwegian versions of the Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-D (HADS-D). The aim of this study was therefor to validate the two assessment tools in a population of home-dwelling persons of 60 years of age and above.A sample of 194 home-dwelling old adults (...) criteria of ICD-10 for depression as gold standard was performed. For GDS-5 the Areal under the Curve was 0.81 and for HAD-D 0.75. The cut-off points of the measures that produced the highest accuracies were ≥2 for GDS-5 with a sensitivity of 73.2% and a specificity of 73.2% and ≥4 for HADS-D with a sensitivity of 70.3% and a specificity of 69.6%.A larger sample would have given the opportunity for analyzing home dwelling old adults with and without home health care separately. The participants were

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

6. Factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale and measurement invariance across gender among Chinese elders. (Abstract)

Factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale and measurement invariance across gender among Chinese elders. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is commonly used in research and clinical settings for screening of depression. The current study aimed to examine the best-fit factor structure model of the GDS among Chinese elders and to evaluate the measurement invariance of the GDS across genders.Participants included 1,553 elderly residents from the Hunan, Shandong, and Beijing provinces (...) . Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted in tandem to determine the structure of the GDS on a large scale. Multigroup CFA (N = 1553, 45.24% male, mean = 71.33 ± 8.06) was utilized to test the measurement invariance of the depressive symptom structure, which was generated by EFA and confirmed by CFA across gender.A three-factor model with 15 depression, 9 apathy and 4 vigor items presented the best fit indices. Measurement invariance of the new proposed model

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

7. The diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5, and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis

The diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5, and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac

2018 PROSPERO

8. Are older men more vulnerable to depression than women after losing their spouse? Evidence from three German old-age cohorts (AgeDifferent.de platform). (Abstract)

Are older men more vulnerable to depression than women after losing their spouse? Evidence from three German old-age cohorts (AgeDifferent.de platform). Old age is accompanied by a higher risk of losing a spouse. This study aims to longitudinally investigate the effect of widowhood on depression severity with a special focus on sex differences. We examine depression before and after widowhood in men and women separately to investigate which sex is at greater risk after losing a spouse.Data came (...) from the AgeDifferent.de platform, which includes three pooled old age cohort studies. In order to examine factors associated with depression over time, we applied a linear hybrid mixed-effects regression model for the overall sample and analysed additional separate models for men and women.Of 2470 respondents (mean age at baseline 79.2 (SD 3.64) years), 1256 were men. In total, 209 men and 332 women experienced spousal bereavement after baseline. In general, both sexes showed higher depression

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

9. Prevalence of geriatric syndromes among people aged 65 years and older at four community clinics in Moscow Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prevalence of geriatric syndromes among people aged 65 years and older at four community clinics in Moscow Geriatric syndromes (GSs) are common in older adults and have a significant effect on their quality of life, disability, and use of health care resources. Few studies have assessed the prevalence of GSs in Russia. The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of GSs among older adults living in the community in Moscow.A cross-sectional study was conducted in four community clinics (...) was 2.9±1.5. Based on CGA, a decline in Instrumental Activity of Daily Living score was identified in 34.8% of the patients, a risk of malnutrition (Mini-Nutritional Assessment score, 17-23.5) in 25.8%, probable cognitive impairment (Mini-Mental State Examination score <25) in 8.6%, and symptoms of depression (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale score >5) in 36.2%. On the whole, patients demonstrated good mobility (average walking speed, 1±0.2 m/s) and hand grip strength (23.9±6.4 kg in women and 39.1

2018 Clinical interventions in aging

10. Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men: A Prospective Cohort Study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men: A Prospective Cohort Study Prospective evaluations of the associations between depressive symptoms and suicide deaths have been mainly performed in high-risk populations, such as individuals with psychiatric disorders or histories of self-harm. The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine whether more severe depressive symptoms assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were (...) associated with a greater risk of death from suicide in a general-risk population.A total of 113 478 men from the Korean Veterans Health Study (mean age, 58.9 years) who participated in a postal survey in 2004 were followed up for suicide mortality until 2010.Over 6.4 years of follow-up, 400 men died by suicide (56.7 deaths per 100 000 person-years). More severe depressive symptoms were associated with greater risk of suicide death (p for trend <0.001). The unadjusted hazard ratios (HRs) in comparison

2016 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

11. Screening of depression among elderly using various forms of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies

Screening of depression among elderly using various forms of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS): systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content (...) ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method of induction of cardiac

2019 PROSPERO

12. Distribution of item responses and total item scores for the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D): Data from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Distribution of item responses and total item scores for the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D): Data from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Previous studies have shown that item responses and total scores on depression screening scales follow characteristic distribution patterns in the United States and Japanese general populations. However, the degree to which these findings, especially in terms of item responses, can be generalized to a European (...) population is unknown. Thus, we analyzed the item responses and total score distribution for the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) in a representative Irish cohort from a large, recent study-the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA).We used CES-D data from the 2009-2011 TILDA (8504 individuals). Responses for the 16 depressive symptoms included "rarely," "some of the time," "occasionally," and "all of the time." Item response patterns and total score distribution across

2018 PLoS ONE

13. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Depression Across Three Age Cohorts

First Street, NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. E-mail: cpg@apa.org. APA GUIDELINE FOR THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION ii Abstract The American Psychological Association (APA) developed this clinical practice guideline to provide recommendations for the treatment of depressive disorders (including major depression, subsyndromal depression, and persistent depressive disorder). It addresses three developmental cohorts: children and adolescents; general adults; and older adults (ages 60 and over). Ten (...) Across Three Age Cohorts 1 Scope of the Problem 1 Children and Adolescents 2 General Adult Population 11 Older Adult Population 14 The Need for a Clinical Practice Guideline and Decisions about Scope and Goals of the Clinical Practice Guideline 18 The APA Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of the Problem 19 Guideline Purpose and Scope: What the Guideline Does and Does Not Address 23 APA GUIDELINE FOR THE TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION iv Process and Method 26 Vetting and Appointment of Members

2019 American Psychological Association

14. Does the Geriatric Depression Scale measure depression in Parkinson's disease? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Does the Geriatric Depression Scale measure depression in Parkinson's disease? The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is recommended for screening depression in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Empirical evidence, however, is limited regarding its validity and factor structure in PD. Thus, the current study sought to evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of the GDS, as well as the structure and validity of the derived factors.Nondemented individuals with PD (n = 158) completed (...) the GDS-30, and items were subjected to a principle component analysis. Geriatric Depression Scale total and factor scores were correlated with depression items from the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRSd) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMDd), as well as with the Apathy Scale (AS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), Parkinson's disease Sleep Scale, and a Subjective Cognitive Function composite score.The

2018 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

15. Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale in patients with Parkinson's disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Test-retest reliability and minimal detectable change of the Beck Depression Inventory and the Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale in patients with Parkinson's disease. The Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II) and the Taiwan Geriatric Depression Scale (TGDS) are self-report scales used for assessing depression in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and geriatric people. The minimal detectable change (MDC) represents the least amount of change that indicates real difference (i.e., beyond (...) random measurement error) for a single subject. Our aim was to investigate the test-retest reliability and MDC of the BDI-II and the TGDS in people with PD.Seventy patients were recruited from special clinics for movement disorders at a medical center. The patients' mean age was 67.7 years, and 63.0% of the patients were male. All patients were assessed with the BDI-II and the TGDS twice, 2 weeks apart. We used the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) to determine the reliability between test

2017 PLoS ONE

16. Loss experiences in old age and their impact on the social network and depression- results of the Leipzig Longitudinal Study of the Aged (LEILA 75+). (Abstract)

Loss experiences in old age and their impact on the social network and depression- results of the Leipzig Longitudinal Study of the Aged (LEILA 75+). Loss experiences and bereavement are common among the oldest old. This study aims to investigate the effects of loss experiences and the social network type on depression in old age.As part of the Leipzig Longitudinal Study of the Aged (LEILA 75+), a representative population-based cohort study, 783 persons aged 75+ years were assessed via (...) standardized interviews including the Practitioner Assessment of Network Type Instrument (PANT) and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D). Effects of loss experiences and network type on depression were analysed cross-sectionally (baseline survey) using logistic regressions. Effects over time were analysed longitudinally (follow-up1 and follow-up2) using hybrid techniques.More than half of the elderly (57%) continuously lived in a restricted network. Only 12.1% lived

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

17. Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos Full Text available with Trip Pro

Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos Depression and physical function are particularly important health domains for the elderly. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) physical function item bank are two surveys commonly used to measure these domains. It is unclear if these two instruments adequately measure these aspects (...) of health in minority elderly.The aim of this study was to estimate the readability of the GDS and PROMIS® physical function items and to assess their comprehensibility using a sample of African American and Latino elderly.Readability was estimated using the Flesch-Kincaid and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) formulae for English versions, and a Spanish adaptation of the FRE formula for the Spanish versions. Comprehension of the GDS and PROMIS® items by minority elderly was evaluated with 30 cognitive

2017 The patient

18. Gender differences in the impact of retirement on depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older adults: A propensity score matching approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gender differences in the impact of retirement on depressive symptoms among middle-aged and older adults: A propensity score matching approach. Retirement is one of the most important later-life status transitions related to changes in workforce participation, lifestyle, and social roles among older adults. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of retirement on depressive symptoms by gender in middle-aged and older adult Koreans, using a large, nationally representative (...) sample.Using year 2010 and 2012 data from the Korea Longitudinal Study of Aging, we investigated the relationship between adults' retirement status and depressive symptoms measured by the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D10) scale. A series of propensity score matching models were calculated to test the potential retirement effect on adults' depressive symptoms.Overall, the level of depressive symptoms of the retired group was not different from that of the employed counterpart

2019 PLoS ONE

19. Validating the Geriatric Depression Scale with proxy-based data: A case-control psychological autopsy study in rural China. (Abstract)

Validating the Geriatric Depression Scale with proxy-based data: A case-control psychological autopsy study in rural China. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) has been widely used for late-life depression, but it lacks validation in psychological autopsy research. This study aimed to assess the validity and establish the optimal cut-off values of the GDS-30 and the GDS-15 with proxy-based data in rural China.We applied psychological autopsy to collect data from 242 consecutive suicide cases (...) . For suicide cases, the GDS-30 showed the highest Youden's index as 34.86% with a cut-off value at 22, when its sensitivity and specificity was 0.78 and 0.56, respectively; the score of 12 on the GDS-15 showed the highest Youden's index of 31.39%, and its sensitivity and specificity was 0.74 and 0.58, respectively.This study is limited to its generalizability to Chinese urban elderly with psychological autopsy method.The GDS-30 and the GDS-15 were both valid tools for measuring the severity of depressive

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

20. Reliability and Validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale in Italian Subjects with Parkinson's Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reliability and Validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale in Italian Subjects with Parkinson's Disease The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is commonly used to assess depressive symptoms, but its psychometric properties have never been examined in Italian people with Parkinson's disease (PD). The aim of this study was to study the reliability and validity of the Italian version of the GDS in a sample of PD patients.The GDS was administered to 74 patients with PD in order to study its internal (...) patients to nondepressed patient, with a cutoff value between 15 and 16 points that predicts depression (sensitivity = 87%; specificity = 82%).The GDS is a reliable and valid tool in a sample of Italian PD subjects; this scale can be used in clinical and research contexts.

2018 Parkinson's disease

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