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Ganglion Anatomy

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101. Fluoroscopic stellate ganglion block for postmastectomy pain: a comparison of the classic anterior approach and the oblique approach Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fluoroscopic stellate ganglion block for postmastectomy pain: a comparison of the classic anterior approach and the oblique approach Stellate ganglion block is usually performed with the classic anterior paratracheal approach. The anatomy of the stellate ganglion being in close proximity to various critical structures renders a number of complications, which are potentially associated with its blockade. The aim of this study was to assess the analgesic efficacy and safety of a new approach (...) of the stellate ganglion block using an oblique fluoroscopic view.Fifty patients with postmastectomy pain syndrome were randomly allocated into 1 of 2 groups: the anterior paratracheal stellate block group and the oblique fluoroscopic stellate block group. Four blocks were performed for each patient using the same approach each time. The results were evaluated in terms of pain intensity as assessed by the visual analog scale score, morphine consumption, and allodynia surface area (in cm). Patient satisfaction

2011 EvidenceUpdates Controlled trial quality: uncertain

102. MR Anatomy of Deep Brain Nuclei with Special Reference to Specific Diseases and Deep Brain Stimulation Localization Full Text available with Trip Pro

MR Anatomy of Deep Brain Nuclei with Special Reference to Specific Diseases and Deep Brain Stimulation Localization Diseases affecting the basal ganglia and deep brain structures vary widely in etiology and include metabolic, infectious, ischemic, and neurodegenerative conditions. Some neurologic diseases, such as Wernicke encephalopathy or pseudohypoparathyroidism, require specific treatments, which if unrecognized could lead to further complications. Other pathologies, such as hypertrophic (...) olivary degeneration, if not properly diagnosed may be mistaken for a primary medullary neoplasm and create unnecessary concern. The deep brain structures are complex and can be difficult to distinguish on routine imaging. It is imperative that radiologists first understand the intrinsic anatomic relationships between the different basal ganglia nuclei and deep brain structures with magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. It is important to understand the "normal" MR signal characteristics, locations

2014 The neuroradiology journal

103. Verification of the anatomy and newly discovered histology of the G-spot complex. (Abstract)

vein-like vessels and smaller feeding arteries. Circular and longitudinal muscles covered the G-complex.The anatomy of the G-spot complex was confirmed. The histology of the G-spot presents as neurovascular tissues with a nerve ganglion. H&E staining is sufficient for the identification of the G-spot complex.© 2014 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. (...) Verification of the anatomy and newly discovered histology of the G-spot complex. To expand the anatomical investigations of the G-spot and to assess the G-spot's characteristic histological and immunohistochemical features.An observational study.International multicentre.Eight consecutive fresh human female cadavers.Anterior vaginal wall dissections were executed and G-spot microdissections were performed. All specimens were stained with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E). The tissues of two women

2014 BJOG

104. Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Overview)

, A alpha or type Ia) fibers in the sensory nerves. Some evidence indicates a possible role for the dorsal columns in visceral pain transmission. See the image below. [ ] Spinal cord cross-section, detailed anatomy. The cell bodies of the first-order unipolar neurons lie in the dorsal root ganglia just outside the cord parenchyma. Impulses enter the cord and are carried ipsilaterally. Fibers travel rostrally in the dorsal columns to synapse in the nucleus gracilis and nucleus cuneatus in the caudal (...) Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Overview) Topographic and Functional Anatomy of the Spinal Cord: Gross Anatomy, Ventral and Dorsal Roots, Descending Spinal Cord Tracts Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

105. Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Treatment)

, A alpha or type Ia) fibers in the sensory nerves. Some evidence indicates a possible role for the dorsal columns in visceral pain transmission. See the image below. [ ] Spinal cord cross-section, detailed anatomy. The cell bodies of the first-order unipolar neurons lie in the dorsal root ganglia just outside the cord parenchyma. Impulses enter the cord and are carried ipsilaterally. Fibers travel rostrally in the dorsal columns to synapse in the nucleus gracilis and nucleus cuneatus in the caudal (...) Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Treatment) Topographic and Functional Anatomy of the Spinal Cord: Gross Anatomy, Ventral and Dorsal Roots, Descending Spinal Cord Tracts Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

106. Facial Nerve Anatomy

Facial Nerve Anatomy Facial Nerve Anatomy: Overview, Embryology of the Facial Nerve, Central Connections Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM1Mjg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Facial Nerve Anatomy (...) Updated: Jul 21, 2015 Author: Alpen A Patel, MD, FACS; Chief Editor: Thomas R Gest, PhD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Facial Nerve Anatomy Overview Overview The , or cranial nerve (CN) VII, is the nerve of facial expression. The pathways of the facial nerve are variable, and knowledge of the key intratemporal and extratemporal landmarks is essential for accurate physical diagnosis and safe and effective surgical intervention in the head and neck. (See the image below

2014 eMedicine Surgery

107. Eyelid Anatomy

Eyelid Anatomy Eyelid Anatomy: Overview, Surface Anatomy, Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM0OTMyLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Eyelid Anatomy Updated: Jun 30, 2016 Author (...) : Bhupendra C K Patel, MD, FRCS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Eyelid Anatomy Overview Overview The act to protect the anterior surface of the globe from local injury. Additionally, they aid in regulation of light reaching the eye; in tear film maintenance, by distributing the protective and optically important tear film over the cornea during blinking; and in tear flow, by their pumping action on the conjunctival sac and lacrimal sac. Structures

2014 eMedicine Surgery

108. Anatomy of the Vestibular System

Anatomy of the Vestibular System Vestibular System Anatomy: Overview, Membranous Labyrinth, Vestibular Sensory Epithelium Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODgzOTU2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Vestibular (...) System Anatomy Updated: Jun 27, 2016 Author: Steve C Lee, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Vestibular System Anatomy Overview Overview The peripheral is an integral part of the labyrinth that lies in the otic capsule in the petrous portion of the . The , which is the system of balance, consists of 5 distinct end organs: 3 semicircular canals that are sensitive to angular accelerations (head rotations) and 2 otolith organs

2014 eMedicine Surgery

109. Thyroid Anatomy

Thyroid Anatomy Thyroid Anatomy: Overview, Structure, Fascia and Ligament Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9yZWZlcmVuY2UubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM1NTM1LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Thyroid Anatomy Updated: Nov 30, 2017 Author: Dominique (...) Dorion, MD, MSc, FRCSC, FACS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Thyroid Anatomy Overview Overview The is a highly vascular, brownish-red gland located anteriorly in the lower neck, extending from the level of the fifth cervical vertebra down to the first thoracic. The gland varies from an H to a U shape and is formed by 2 elongated lateral lobes with superior and inferior poles connected by a median isthmus, with an average height of 12-15 mm

2014 eMedicine Surgery

110. Skull Base, Anatomy

Skull Base, Anatomy Skull Base Anatomy: Overview, Anterior Skull Base, Middle Skull Base Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODgyNjI3LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Skull Base Anatomy Updated: May 21, 2013 (...) Author: Arjun S Joshi, MD; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Skull Base Anatomy Overview Overview The forms the floor of the cranial cavity and separates the brain from other facial structures. This anatomic region is complex and poses surgical challenges for otolaryngologists and neurosurgeons alike. Working knowledge of the normal and variant anatomy of the is essential for effective surgical treatment of disease in this area. The 5 bones

2014 eMedicine Surgery

111. Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Follow-up)

, A alpha or type Ia) fibers in the sensory nerves. Some evidence indicates a possible role for the dorsal columns in visceral pain transmission. See the image below. [ ] Spinal cord cross-section, detailed anatomy. The cell bodies of the first-order unipolar neurons lie in the dorsal root ganglia just outside the cord parenchyma. Impulses enter the cord and are carried ipsilaterally. Fibers travel rostrally in the dorsal columns to synapse in the nucleus gracilis and nucleus cuneatus in the caudal (...) Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Follow-up) Topographic and Functional Anatomy of the Spinal Cord: Gross Anatomy, Ventral and Dorsal Roots, Descending Spinal Cord Tracts Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

112. Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Diagnosis)

, A alpha or type Ia) fibers in the sensory nerves. Some evidence indicates a possible role for the dorsal columns in visceral pain transmission. See the image below. [ ] Spinal cord cross-section, detailed anatomy. The cell bodies of the first-order unipolar neurons lie in the dorsal root ganglia just outside the cord parenchyma. Impulses enter the cord and are carried ipsilaterally. Fibers travel rostrally in the dorsal columns to synapse in the nucleus gracilis and nucleus cuneatus in the caudal (...) Spinal Cord, Topographical and Functional Anatomy (Diagnosis) Topographic and Functional Anatomy of the Spinal Cord: Gross Anatomy, Ventral and Dorsal Roots, Descending Spinal Cord Tracts Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache

2014 eMedicine.com

113. Nose Anatomy

), which comes from the carotid plexus to form the vidian nerve in the vidian canal. The vidian nerve travels through the pterygopalatine ganglion (with only the parasympathetic nerves forming synapses here) to the lacrimal gland and glands of the nose and palate via the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve. Previous Next: Bony Anatomy Superiorly, the paired nasal bones are attached to the frontal bone (see the images below). Superolaterally, they are connected to the lacrimal bones (...) Nose Anatomy Nasal Anatomy: Embryology, Skin and Soft Tissues, Blood Supply and Lymphatics Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM1MTM0LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Nasal Anatomy Updated: Jul 23, 2015

2014 eMedicine Surgery

114. Orbit Anatomy

Orbit Anatomy Orbit Anatomy: Osteology, Lacrimal System, Connective Tissue Planes Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvODM1MDIxLW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing > Orbit Anatomy Updated: Oct 29, 2013 Author: Guy J (...) Petruzzelli, MD, PhD, MBA, FACS; Chief Editor: Arlen D Meyers, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Orbit Anatomy Osteology The , which protects, supports, and maximizes the function of the eye, is shaped like a quadrilateral pyramid, with its base in plane with the orbital rim. Seven bones conjoin to form the orbital structure, as shown in the image below. [ ] This image of the right orbit shows the 7 bones that contribute to its structure. The orbital process of the frontal bone

2014 eMedicine Surgery

115. Functional anatomy of writing with the dominant hand. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional anatomy of writing with the dominant hand. While writing performed by any body part is similar in style, indicating a common program, writing with the dominant hand is particularly skilled. We hypothesized that this skill utilizes a special motor network supplementing the motor equivalence areas. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging in 13 normal subjects, we studied nine conditions: writing, zigzagging and tapping, each with the right hand, left hand and right foot. We (...) that the parietal and premotor regions, together with basal ganglia-sustained activation likely underlie the special skill of handwriting with the dominant hand.

2013 PloS one Controlled trial quality: uncertain

116. Anatomy of the visual pathways. (Abstract)

Anatomy of the visual pathways. The axons of the retinal ganglion cells form the optic nerve. The two optic nerves meet at the optic chiasm, where the nerve fibers originating in the nasal retina of each eye decussate to join the temporal fibers of the fellow eye. From the chiasm, the same axons continue on as the optic tract. These axons travel to and synapse in the lateral geniculate nucleus, the cells of which send their axons through the optic radiations to the visual cortex. The main blood

2013 Journal of Glaucoma

117. Spinal Cord Anatomy

Spinal Cord Anatomy Spinal Cord Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Spinal Cord Anatomy Spinal Cord Anatomy Aka (...) : Spinal Cord Anatomy , Spinocerebellar Tract , Corticospinal tract , Spinothalamic Tract , Fasciculus Gracilis , Fasciculus Cuneatus , Nucleus Gracilis , Nucleus Cuneatus , Dorsal Propriospinal Tract , Posterior Column , Spinocervicothalamic Tract , Internal Arcuate Tract , Medial Lemniscus II. Components: Spinal Cord Levels ral Total spinal nerves: 31 pairs Spinal cord ends at L2 Spinal nerves L2 to S5 descend as individual "horse hairs" (cauda equina) Nerves exit at their respective l levels

2015 FP Notebook

118. Neurologic Anatomy

Neurologic Anatomy Neurologic Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Neurologic Anatomy Neurologic Anatomy Aka (...) : Neurologic Anatomy , Neuroanatomy II. Anatomy: Extracranial and Vascular Anatomy Bones See Peripheral Nerves See See See CNS Vascular Supply See III. Anatomy: Cerebrum Major divisions Anatomical landmarks (divide the cerebral lobes into further identifiable regions) Brain sulci and Brain Fissures IV. Anatomy: Cerebellum See See V. Anatomy: Brain Stem See See s Images Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) VI. Anatomy: Diencephalon Epithalamus (posterior) Habenula (and habenular commissure) Stria

2015 FP Notebook

119. Retinal Anatomy

Retinal Anatomy Retinal Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Retinal Anatomy Retinal Anatomy Aka: Retinal Anatomy (...) , Retina Anatomy , Retina , Macula , Fovea II. Anatomy Retina Lines the globe inner surface and contains light sensitive s that transmit signals to the Photoreceptors (rods and cones) comprise the inner, sensory layer of the Retina Macula Retinal region responsible for central vision Lies two disc diameters lateral to the optic disc Fovea Subpart of the Macula with highest (and highest cone density) Images Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed

2015 FP Notebook

120. Improved Depiction of Pterygopalatine Fossa Anatomy Using Ultrahigh-Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 7 Tesla Full Text available with Trip Pro

of the orbital pterygopalatine ganglion branches and the pharyngeal nerve were clearly viewed.In our experience with one human cadaver specimen, magnetic resonance imaging at 7 Tesla seems effective in depicting pterygopalatine fossa anatomy and provides previously unseen details through its demonstration of the pharyngeal nerve and the orbital pterygopalatine ganglion branches. The true viability of depicting the pterygopalatine fossa with ultrahigh-resolution MR will depend on confirmation of our results (...) Improved Depiction of Pterygopalatine Fossa Anatomy Using Ultrahigh-Resolution Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 7 Tesla To study the anatomy of the pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) using ultrahigh-resolution magnetic resonance imaging.A human cadaveric tissue block containing the pterygopalatine fossa was examined on a clinical 7-Tesla magnetic resonance imaging system. Subsequently, cryosections of the tissue block were created in a coronal plane. The cryosections were photographed and collected

2012 The Scientific World Journal

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