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Gallbladder Ultrasound

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1. Imaging of gall bladder by endoscopic ultrasound Full Text available with Trip Pro

Imaging of gall bladder by endoscopic ultrasound Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is considered a superior investigation when compared to conventional ultrasonography for imaging gall bladder (GB) lesions as it can provide high-resolution images of small lesions with higher ultrasound frequencies. Examination of GB is frequently the primary indication of EUS imaging. Imaging during EUS may not remain restricted to one station and multi-station imaging may provide useful information. This review

2018 World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy

2. Three-way comparative study of endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural gallbladder drainage using lumen-apposing metal stents versus endoscopic transpapillary drainage versus percutaneous cholecystostomy for gallbladder drainage in high-risk surgical pati (Abstract)

Three-way comparative study of endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural gallbladder drainage using lumen-apposing metal stents versus endoscopic transpapillary drainage versus percutaneous cholecystostomy for gallbladder drainage in high-risk surgical pati Percutaneous cholecystostomy tube (PTGBD), endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with transpapillary gallbladder drainage (TP), and endoscopic ultrasound-guided transmural gallbladder drainage (EGBD) using lumen-apposing metal stents (...) (LAMS) have been offered for gallbladder decompression for acute cholecystitis in high-risk surgical patients. Yet, there are limited data comparing these therapies. Our aim was to compare the safety and efficacy of EGBD to TP and PTGBD for gallbladder drainage.We retrospectively collected high-risk surgical patients from six centers with acute cholecystitis who underwent gallbladder drainage by EGBD, TP, or PTGBD. Data included technical success (gallbladder drainage), clinical success (acute

2018 Surgical endoscopy

3. Letter to Editor Commenting on “Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever” – Reply Full Text available with Trip Pro

Letter to Editor Commenting on “Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever” – Reply 29226277 2018 11 13 2509-596X 3 4 2017 Sep Ultrasound international open Ultrasound Int Open Letter to Editor Commenting on "Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever" - Reply. E166 10.1055/s-0043-123174 eng Journal Article Comment 2017 12 07 Germany Ultrasound Int Open 101674542 2199-7152 Ultrasound Int Open. 2017 Apr;3(2):E76-E81 28603785 2017 12 12 6 0 2017 12 12 6 0 2017 12 (...) 12 6 1 ppublish 29226277 10.1055/s-0043-123174 uio5192047-reply PMC5720888 J Clin Imaging Sci. 2014 Mar 21;4:14 24744971 Ultrasound Int Open. 2017 Apr;3(2):E76-E81 28603785

2017 Ultrasound international open

4. Letter to Editor Commenting on "Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever" Full Text available with Trip Pro

Letter to Editor Commenting on "Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever" 29226276 2018 11 13 2509-596X 3 4 2017 Sep Ultrasound international open Ultrasound Int Open Letter to Editor Commenting on "Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever". E165 10.1055/s-0043-119418 Joob Beuy B Sanitation 1 Medical Academic Center, Bangkok Thailand. Wiwanitkit Viroj V Visiting professor, Hainan Medical University, China. eng Journal Article Comment 2017 12 07 Germany Ultrasound (...) Int Open 101674542 2199-7152 Ultrasound Int Open. 2017 Apr;3(2):E76-E81 28603785 2017 06 14 2017 06 14 2017 08 12 2017 12 12 6 0 2017 12 12 6 0 2017 12 12 6 1 ppublish 29226276 10.1055/s-0043-119418 uio0125 PMC5720891 Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther. 2010 Jul;8(7):841-5 20586568 Ultrasound Int Open. 2017 Apr;3(2):E76-E81 28603785

2017 Ultrasound international open

5. EUS-guided Gall Bladder Drainage in Severe Liver Disease: A Single-center Experience in Critically Ill Cirrhotics Full Text available with Trip Pro

of severe liver disease with acute calculous cholecystitis who presented to the Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (New Delhi, India) for further management were included in the study if they underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided gall bladder drainage (EUS-GBD). The patients were followed up for a minimum of 3 months and outcomes were recorded. Results: Four cases of severe liver disease (three ACLF and one decompensated cirrhosis), with model for end-stage liver disease scores of 24, 26, 23 (...) and 25 respectively, presented with acute calculous cholecystitis (Tokyo grade III) and systemic sepsis (high total leukocyte counts). Their international normalized ratios were 2.3, 2.6, 2.2 and 2.9 respectively, and two were in shock, requiring inotropes at presentation. Ultrasonography of the abdomen confirmed hugely distended gall bladder with stone impacted at the neck and moderate ascites. All these cases underwent EUS-GBD by linear echo endoscope, and had the gastric wall punctured

2017 Journal of clinical and translational hepatology

6. Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever: A Mirror of the Severity of Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

pattern in severe DF. Serial ultrasound done on consecutive alternate days revealed a change in the pattern of gall bladder wall thickening according to the severity of disease.The present study revealed 4 distinct patterns of gall bladder wall thickening. The uniform echogenic pattern was found to be more prevalent in dengue fever without warning signs, while the honeycomb pattern was found to be more prevalent in severe dengue fever. A change in the pattern of gall bladder wall thickening (...) Patterns of Gall Bladder Wall Thickening in Dengue Fever: A Mirror of the Severity of Disease Dengue fever is a major public health problem with an increased incidence in recent years. Gall bladder wall thickening has been reported as one of the most common findings in dengue fever. There is a paucity of literature regarding the various patterns of gall bladder wall thickening in dengue fever and their significance in predicting the severity of disease.Out of 93 seropositive patients included

2017 Ultrasound international open

7. Investigation of adrenal and thyroid gland dysfunction in dogs with ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder mucocele formation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Investigation of adrenal and thyroid gland dysfunction in dogs with ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder mucocele formation. Gallbladder mucocele formation is an emerging disease in dogs characterized by increased secretion of condensed granules of gel-forming mucin by the gallbladder epithelium and formation of an abnormally thick mucus that can culminate in obstruction of the bile duct or rupture of the gallbladder. The disease is associated with a high morbidity and mortality and its (...) prevalence of occult and atypical abnormalities in adrenal cortical and thyroid gland function that would suggest the presence of endocrine disruption and provide deeper insight into disease pathogenesis. We performed a case-control study of dogs with and without ultrasonographic diagnosis of gallbladder mucocele formation and profiled adrenal cortical function using a quantitative mass spectrometry-based assay of serum adrenal-origin steroids before and after administration of synthetic cosyntropin. We

2019 PLoS ONE

8. Presentation of Gallbladder Chloroma in B-Mode Imaging and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in a Patient with Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (AML M5) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Presentation of Gallbladder Chloroma in B-Mode Imaging and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in a Patient with Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (AML M5) 29226275 2019 02 26 2509-596X 3 4 2017 Sep Ultrasound international open Ultrasound Int Open Presentation of Gallbladder Chloroma in B-Mode Imaging and Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in a Patient with Acute Myelomonocytic Leukemia (AML M5). E163-E164 10.1055/s-0043-118527 Trenker Corinna C University hospital Gießen and Marburg, Department (...) Radiologie, Marburg, Germany. Hundt Walter W Universitatsklinikum Giessen und Marburg - Standort Marburg, Dianostische Und Interventionelle Radiologie, Marburg, Germany. Görg Christian C University hospital Gießen and Marburg, Interdiciplinary ultrasound center. eng Case Reports 2017 12 07 Germany Ultrasound Int Open 101674542 2199-7152 2017 04 21 2017 07 24 2017 08 12 2017 12 12 6 0 2017 12 12 6 0 2017 12 12 6 1 ppublish 29226275 10.1055/s-0043-118527 uio0122 PMC5720892

2017 Ultrasound international open

9. Gall Bladder Status Among Children With Chronic Haemolytic Anemia

is 110-120 days (half-life: 55-60 days), and thus, approximately 0.85% of the most senescent RBCs are removed and replaced each day. Patients with chronic haemolytic anemia are subjected to many complications of chronic haemolytic anemia e.g anemic heart failure, complications of blood transfusion as hepatitis and AIDS, hypersplenism, haemosiderosis ,among them there is incidence of gallbladder stone formation. This work aims to a) to determine the prevalence of gall bladder diseases among patient (...) Gall Bladder Status Among Children With Chronic Haemolytic Anemia Gall Bladder Status Among Children With Chronic Haemolytic Anemia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Gall Bladder Status Among

2018 Clinical Trials

10. Gall bladder mucoceles in Border terriers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gall bladder mucoceles in Border terriers Gall bladder mucoceles (GBM) are a leading cause of biliary disease in dogs with several breeds, including the Shetland Sheepdog, American Cocker Spaniel, Chihuahua, Pomeranian, and Miniature Schnauzer apparently predisposed.To determine risk factors, clinical features, and response to treatment of GBM in Border terriers (BT).Medical records of 99 dogs (including 51 BT) with an ultrasonographic (±histopathologic) diagnosis of GBM from three referral (...) centers in the United Kingdom were collected. A control group of 87 similar-aged BT with no ultrasonographic evidence of gall bladder disease was selected for comparison.Retrospective case-control study. Odds ratios were calculated to establish breed predisposition. Signalment, presence of endocrine disease, clinicopathologic results, and outcome were compared between the BT, other breeds, and control BTs.The odds of identifying a GBM in a BT in this hospital population was 85 times that of all other

2018 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

11. Management of residual gall bladder: A 15-year experience from a north Indian tertiary care centre Full Text available with Trip Pro

Management of residual gall bladder: A 15-year experience from a north Indian tertiary care centre A residual gallbladder (RGB) following a partial/subtotal cholecystectomy may cause symptoms that require its removal. We present our large study regarding the problem of a RGB over a 15 year period.This study involved a retrospective analysis of patients managed for symptomatic RGB from January 2000 to December 2015.A RGB was observed in 93 patients, who had a median age of 45 (25-70) years (...) , and were comprised of 69 (74.2%) females. The most common presentation was recurrence pain (n=64, 68.8%). Associated choledocholithiasis was present in 23 patients (24.7%). An ultrasonography (USG) failed to diagnose RGB calculi in 10 (11%) patients; whereas, magnetic resonance cholangio-pancreatography (MRCP) accurately diagnosed RGB calculi in all the cases except for 2 (4%) and, additionally, detected common bile duct (CBD) stones in 12 patients. Completion cholecystectomy was performed in all

2018 Annals of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery

12. Gall bladder wall thickening as non-invasive screening parameter for esophageal varices - a comparative endoscopic - sonographic study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gall bladder wall thickening as non-invasive screening parameter for esophageal varices - a comparative endoscopic - sonographic study. The mortality due to hemorrhage of esophageal varices (EV) is still high. The predominant cause for EV is liver cirrhosis, which has a high prevalence in Western Europe. Therefore, non-invasive screening markers for the presence of EV are of interest. Here, we aim to investigate whether non-inflammatory gall bladder wall thickening (GBWT) may serve as predictor (...) for the presence of EV in comparison and combination with other non-invasive clinical and laboratory parameters.One hundred ninety four patients were retrospectively enrolled in the study. Abdominal ultrasound, upper endoscopy and blood tests were evaluated. GBWT, spleen size and the presence of ascites were evaluated by ultrasound. Platelet count and Child-Pugh-score were also recorded. The study population was categorized in two groups: 122 patients without esophageal varices (non EV) compared to 72 patients

2018 BMC Gastroenterology

13. Biliary ascariasis presenting with gangrenous perforation of the gall bladder: report of a case and brief review of literature. (Abstract)

Biliary ascariasis presenting with gangrenous perforation of the gall bladder: report of a case and brief review of literature. The most common cause of gallbladder perforation is calculous cholecystitis. Rarer causes include trauma, iatrogenic injuries, biliary stasis and gall bladder ischemia. We report a case of gall bladder gangrene with perforation, secondary to extensive ascariasis. A 45-year-old woman presented with acute intestinal obstruction and jaundice. She had abdominal distension (...) and right hypochondrial tenderness. Abdominal radiography showed dilated bowel loops and ultrasonogram showed worms in the small intestine and biliary tree. On exploration, a bolus of worms 2 feet proximal to the ileocaecal junction was found causing obstruction. Worms were also present in the bile duct and gallbladder causing gangrene and perforation. She underwent cholecystectomy, bile-duct exploration and enterotomy. However, she died on the third postoperative day of overwhelming sepsis. Enteric

2018 Tropical Doctor

14. Gallbladder Mucocele: Variables Associated with Outcome and the Utility of Ultrasonography to Identify Gallbladder Rupture in 219 Dogs (2007–2016) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gallbladder Mucocele: Variables Associated with Outcome and the Utility of Ultrasonography to Identify Gallbladder Rupture in 219 Dogs (2007–2016) Gallbladder mucocele (GBM) is an increasingly recognized extrahepatic biliary disease in dogs.To investigate cases of GBM and identify variables associated with survival and the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography to identify gallbladder rupture.Two hundred and nineteen client-owned dogs with GBM.Multicenter, retrospective study of dogs (...) with bile peritonitis at the time of surgery were 2.7 times more likely to die than dogs without gallbladder rupture and bile peritonitis (P = 0.001; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.50-4.68; n = 41). No significant associations were identified between survival and positive bacteriologic cultures, antibiotic administration, or time (days) from ultrasonographic identification of GBM to the time of surgery. The sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative likelihood ratios for ultrasonographic

2017 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine

15. Gallbladder ascariasis in Kosovo – focus on ultrasound and conservative therapy: a case series Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gallbladder ascariasis in Kosovo – focus on ultrasound and conservative therapy: a case series Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common intestinal infections in developing countries, including Kosovo. In contrast to migration to the bile duct, migration of the worm to the gallbladder, due to the narrow and tortuous nature of the cystic duct, is rare. When it does occur, it incites acalculous cholecystitis.This case series describes a 16-month-old Albanian girl, a 22-month-old Albanian (...) and spleen were not palpable. A laboratory examination was not specific except for eosinophilia. There were no pathogenic bacteria in coproculture but Ascaris was found in all patients. At an ultrasound examination in all cases we found single, long, linear echogenic structure without acoustic shadowing containing a central, longitudinal anechoic tube with characteristic movement within the gallbladder. Edema of the gallbladder wall was suggestive of associated inflammation. There were no other findings

2018 Journal of medical case reports

16. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound findings of gallbladder adenocarcinoma with sarcomatoid carcinoma accompanied by intrahepatic metastasis: A case report and literature review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound findings of gallbladder adenocarcinoma with sarcomatoid carcinoma accompanied by intrahepatic metastasis: A case report and literature review. Gallbladder adenocarcinoma is the most common subtype of malignant tumor in gallbladder carcinoma; its incidence is quite low. Preoperative diagnosis of gallbladder adenocarcinoma appears to be very difficult because they are normally asymptomatic and are often found incidentally. Adenocarcinoma with sarcomatoid carcinoma (...) of gallbladder is exceedingly rare with no case reported in the literature to date.A 69-year-old male was referred to our hospital due to right upper quadrant pain. To further diagnosis, he received laboratory tests, gray-scale US, and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). In this present study, ethical approval was not necessary, as this article is a case report, which is based on the clinical information of the patient. The patient gave his permission for publication of the case.Gray-scale abdominal

2018 Medicine

17. Feasibility and safety of endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage using a newly designed lumen-apposing metal stent. (Abstract)

Feasibility and safety of endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage using a newly designed lumen-apposing metal stent. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) is increasingly accepted as an effective treatment option in patients who require drainage for acute cholecystitis. A newly designed lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) has been introduced recently in this procedure. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility and safety of the newly designed LAMS in patients

2018 Surgical endoscopy

18. Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the differential diagnosis of gallbladder lesion Full Text available with Trip Pro

Value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the differential diagnosis of gallbladder lesion To describe contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features and evaluate differential diagnosis value of CEUS and conventional ultrasound for patients with benign and malignant gallbladder lesions.This study included 105 gallbladder lesions. Before surgical resection and pathological examination, conventional ultrasound and CEUS were performed to examine for lesions. Then, all the lesions were diagnosed as (1 (...) ) benign, (2) probably benign, (3) probably malignant or (4) malignant using both conventional ultrasound and CEUS. The CEUS features of these gallbladder lesions were analyzed and diagnostic efficiency between conventional ultrasound and CEUS was compared.There were total 17 cases of gallbladder cancer and 88 cases of benign lesion. Some gallbladder lesions had typical characteristics on CEUS (e.g., gallbladder adenomyomatosis had typical characteristics of small nonenhanced areas on CEUS

2018 World Journal of Gastroenterology

19. Comparative Evaluation of Ultrasonography and Cross-sectional Imaging in Determining Gall Bladder Perforation in Accordance to Niemeier’s Classification Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparative Evaluation of Ultrasonography and Cross-sectional Imaging in Determining Gall Bladder Perforation in Accordance to Niemeier’s Classification Gall Bladder (GB) perforation, a rare but dreaded complication of acute cholecystitis and is associated with high mortality rate. Early detection of acute cases of GB perforation reduces the risk of biliary peritonitis and hence the associated mortality and morbidity.The purpose of the study was to make a comparative evaluation of the role (...) of Cross-sectional imaging in GB perforation with base line investigation like sonography. Finally both modalities were compared in determining the type of perforation according to Niemeier's classification.We retrospectively evaluated the Ultrasonography (USG), Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imagings (MRI) findings in patients of GB perforation with surgical correlation.We evaluated 17 patients of GB perforations over a time period of one year. USG was done in all patients. As cross

2016 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

20. Study on the Relation between Colorectal Cancer and Gall Bladder Disease Full Text available with Trip Pro

Study on the Relation between Colorectal Cancer and Gall Bladder Disease Colorectal cancer is cancer of the large intestine, the lower part of digestive system which includes the sigmoid colon and rectum.To study the relation of incidence of colorectal cancer with previous gall bladder disease or post-cholecystectomy status, a relation between gall bladder disease and smoking in particular and the most common region of colon involved in colorectal cancer in gall bladder disease and non-gall (...) bladder disease patients.A total of 256 patients with symptoms of rectal bleeding, change in bowel habit, unexplained tiredness, weight loss, pelvic pain, jaundice and abdominal distension were screened by using colonoscopy among whom 30 patients were diagnosed with colorectal cancer. Detailed history was taken with the help of a modified questionnaire and the patients were assessed, examined and the list of investigations such as faecal occult blood test, ultrasound of abdomen and pelvis, colonoscopy

2017 Journal of clinical and diagnostic research : JCDR

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