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181. Frontal Lobe Syndromes (Overview)

Frontal Lobe Syndromes (Overview) Frontal Lobe Syndromes: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEzNTg2Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Frontal Lobe Syndromes (...) Updated: Jun 08, 2018 Author: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Frontal Lobe Syndromes Overview Background The frontal lobe is the largest lobe in the brain, yet it is often not specifically evaluated in routine neurologic examinations. This may in part be due to the attention to detail and rigorous testing strategies required to probe frontal lobe functions. As successful completion of any

2014 eMedicine.com

182. Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (Overview)

Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (Overview) Frontal Lobe Epilepsy: Practice Essentials, Background, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4NDA3Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Updated (...) : Sep 25, 2018 Author: Jillian L Rosengard, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Overview Practice Essentials Frontal lobe epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures arising from the frontal lobes. Frequently, seizure types are focal onset with preserved or impaired awareness, often with progression to bilateral tonic-clonic activity. Status epilepticus may be associated more commonly with frontal lobe seizures than

2014 eMedicine.com

183. Frontal Lobe Syndromes (Follow-up)

Frontal Lobe Syndromes (Follow-up) Frontal Lobe Syndromes Follow-up: Further Outpatient Care, Further Inpatient Care, Prognosis Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEzNTg2Ni1mb2xsb3d1cA== processing (...) > Frontal Lobe Syndromes Follow-up Updated: Jun 08, 2018 Author: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Frontal Lobe Syndromes Follow-up Further Outpatient Care Outpatient care monitors what tasks a patient can accomplish in his home or residential facility and what tasks are sources of difficulty for the patient and his caregivers. Assessing how patients spend their time each day is useful. Next

2014 eMedicine.com

184. Frontal and Temporal Lobe Dementia (Follow-up)

Frontal and Temporal Lobe Dementia (Follow-up) Frontotemporal Dementia and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration: Overview, Etiology, Genetic Distribution and Variation Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) topographic relationships, and similar disorders. (See the image below.) Hematoxylin and eosin stain of the left frontal cortex from a patient with primary progressive aphasia. This shows loss of neurons, plump astrocytes (arrow), and microvacuolation of the superficial cortical layers. Reproduced with permission of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. In England and Europe, cases of frontal lobe dementia were described with progressive dysfunction of the frontal lobes. In a series of case reports, Neary and Snowden

2014 eMedicine.com

185. Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (Follow-up)

Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (Follow-up) Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Anti-Seizure Medications, Resective Surgery Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4NDA3Ni10cmVhdG1lbnQ= processing > Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Treatment & Management Updated: Sep 25, 2018 Author: Jillian L Rosengard, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Treatment Approach Considerations While a first seizure may not be treated, anti-seizure medications should be initiated once the diagnosis of epilepsy is established. Many nocturnal episodes with prominent motor manifestations respond extremely well to carbamazepine

2014 eMedicine.com

186. Frontal and Temporal Lobe Dementia (Diagnosis)

Frontal and Temporal Lobe Dementia (Diagnosis) Frontotemporal Dementia and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration: Overview, Etiology, Genetic Distribution and Variation Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) topographic relationships, and similar disorders. (See the image below.) Hematoxylin and eosin stain of the left frontal cortex from a patient with primary progressive aphasia. This shows loss of neurons, plump astrocytes (arrow), and microvacuolation of the superficial cortical layers. Reproduced with permission of John Wiley & Sons, Inc. In England and Europe, cases of frontal lobe dementia were described with progressive dysfunction of the frontal lobes. In a series of case reports, Neary and Snowden

2014 eMedicine.com

187. Frontal Lobe Syndromes (Diagnosis)

Frontal Lobe Syndromes (Diagnosis) Frontal Lobe Syndromes: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTEzNTg2Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Frontal Lobe Syndromes (...) Updated: Jun 08, 2018 Author: Stephen L Nelson, Jr, MD, PhD, FAACPDM, FAAN, FAAP; Chief Editor: Jasvinder Chawla, MD, MBA Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Frontal Lobe Syndromes Overview Background The frontal lobe is the largest lobe in the brain, yet it is often not specifically evaluated in routine neurologic examinations. This may in part be due to the attention to detail and rigorous testing strategies required to probe frontal lobe functions. As successful completion of any

2014 eMedicine.com

188. Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (Diagnosis)

Frontal Lobe Epilepsy (Diagnosis) Frontal Lobe Epilepsy: Practice Essentials, Background, Etiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTE4NDA3Ni1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Updated (...) : Sep 25, 2018 Author: Jillian L Rosengard, MD; Chief Editor: Selim R Benbadis, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Frontal Lobe Epilepsy Overview Practice Essentials Frontal lobe epilepsy is characterized by recurrent seizures arising from the frontal lobes. Frequently, seizure types are focal onset with preserved or impaired awareness, often with progression to bilateral tonic-clonic activity. Status epilepticus may be associated more commonly with frontal lobe seizures than

2014 eMedicine.com

189. Postoperative cerebellar hemorrhage after frontal lobe surgery Full Text available with Trip Pro

Postoperative cerebellar hemorrhage after frontal lobe surgery 25003045 2014 07 08 2019 02 26 0253-8253 2012 2 2012 Qatar medical journal Qatar Med J Postoperative cerebellar hemorrhage after frontal lobe surgery. 75-8 10.5339/qmj.2012.2.17 El-Zenati Hesham H ABHSA and IC, Specialist, Fellow Neuroanesthesia, Department of Anesthesia/ICU, HMC, Hamad General Hospital, Doha, Qatar. Rahman Mohammad Ataur MA ABHSA and IC, Specialist ICU, Department of Anesthesia/ICU, HMC, Hamad General Hospital

2013 Qatar Medical Journal

190. Decreased frontal lobe function in people with Internet addiction disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

Decreased frontal lobe function in people with Internet addiction disorder In our previous studies, we showed that frontal lobe and brainstem functions were abnormal in on-line game addicts. In this study, 14 students with Internet addiction disorder and 14 matched healthy controls underwent proton-magnetic resonance spectroscopy to measure cerebral function. Results demonstrated that the ratio of N-acetylaspartate to creatine decreased, but the ratio of cho-line-containing compounds (...) to creatine increased in the bilateral frontal lobe white matter in people with Internet addiction disorder. However, these ratios were mostly unaltered in the brainstem, suggesting that frontal lobe function decreases in people with Internet addiction disorder.

2013 Neural Regeneration Research

191. Enhancing Neuroplasticity and Frontal Lobe Function in Patients With Mild Alzheimer's Disease

Enhancing Neuroplasticity and Frontal Lobe Function in Patients With Mild Alzheimer's Disease Enhancing Neuroplasticity and Frontal Lobe Function in Patients With Mild Alzheimer's Disease - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one (...) or more studies before adding more. Enhancing Neuroplasticity and Frontal Lobe Function in Patients With Mild Alzheimer's Disease (TMS-AD) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01847586 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : May 7, 2013 Last Update Posted : January 24, 2018 Sponsor

2013 Clinical Trials

192. Frontal lobe seizures: From clinical semiology to localization. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Frontal lobe seizures: From clinical semiology to localization. Frontal lobe seizures are difficult to characterize according to semiologic and electrical features. We wished to establish whether different semiologic subgroups can be identified and whether these relate to anatomic organization.We assessed all seizures from 54 patients with frontal lobe epilepsy that were explored with stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) during presurgical evaluation. Semiologic features and concomitant (...) of frontal lobe hierarchical organization. The proposed electroclinical categorization offers pointers as to the likely zone of organization of networks underlying semiologic production, thus aiding presurgical localization. Furthermore, analysis of ictal motor behavior in prefrontal seizures, including stereotypies, leads to deciphering the cortico-subcortical networks that produce such behaviors.Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2013 International League Against Epilepsy.

2013 Epilepsia

193. Neurophysiology of gait: From the spinal cord to the frontal lobe. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurophysiology of gait: From the spinal cord to the frontal lobe. Locomotion is a purposeful, goal-directed behavior initiated by signals arising from either volitional processing in the cerebral cortex or emotional processing in the limbic system. Regardless of whether the locomotion initiation is volitional or emotional, locomotion is accompanied by automatic controlled movement processes, such as the adjustment of postural muscle tone and rhythmic limb movements. Sensori-motor integration

2013 Movement Disorders

194. Drug-specific laterality effects on frontal lobe activation of atomoxetine and methylphenidate in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder boys during working memory. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Drug-specific laterality effects on frontal lobe activation of atomoxetine and methylphenidate in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder boys during working memory. The catecholamine reuptake inhibitors methylphenidate (MPH) and atomoxetine (ATX) are the most common treatments for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study compares the neurofunctional modulation and normalization effects of acute doses of MPH and ATX within medication-naive ADHD boys during working memory (WM (...) high WM load together with significant underactivation in the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Both drugs normalized the performance deficits relative to controls. ATX significantly enhanced right DLPFC activation relative to MPH within patients, and significantly normalized its underactivation relative to controls. MPH, by contrast, both relative to placebo and ATX, as well as relative to controls, upregulated the left inferior frontal cortex (IFC), but only during 2-back. Both

2013 Psychological Medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

195. Neuropsychiatric Features of Frontal Lobe Dysfunction in Autopsy-Confirmed Patients with Lewy Bodies and "Pure" Alzheimer Disease. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neuropsychiatric Features of Frontal Lobe Dysfunction in Autopsy-Confirmed Patients with Lewy Bodies and "Pure" Alzheimer Disease. To compare patients with autopsy-confirmed Alzheimer disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) on the frequency of behaviors related to frontal system dysfunction and the association of these behaviors with dementia severity.We performed a cross-sectional survey of a longitudinal cohort at a university research center for AD on a volunteer sample of 19 DLB (...) and 38 AD participants with autopsy-confirmed diagnoses, similar in age (DLB: 77.3, AD: 77.5), education (DLB: 15.2, AD: 14.7), and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score (DLB: 20.6, AD: 20.5), with impairment ranging from mild deficits to moderate dementia. The Frontal Systems Behavior Scale (FrSBe)-Family Rating Form assessing patient apathy, disinhibition, and executive dysfunction by a knowledgeable informant was used.A two-way analysis of variance with the FrSBe total as the dependent

2013 The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

196. Improved outcomes with earlier surgery for intractable frontal lobe epilepsy. (Abstract)

Improved outcomes with earlier surgery for intractable frontal lobe epilepsy. To explore the prognostic implications of epilepsy duration and age at surgery for seizure outcomes after frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) surgery.We reviewed 158 patients who underwent FLE surgery from 1995 to 2010. The primary outcome was seizure freedom at last follow-up (Engel class IA). Analyses employed Cox proportional and multiphase hazard modeling.The mean age at surgery was 20.4 years, and mean epilepsy duration

2013 Annals of Neurology

197. Building a New Paradigm for the Early Recognition of Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia: Late Onset Frontal Lobe Syndrome Study. (Abstract)

Building a New Paradigm for the Early Recognition of Behavioral Variant Frontotemporal Dementia: Late Onset Frontal Lobe Syndrome Study. To describe the aims and design of the ongoing Late Onset Frontal Lobe Syndrome study (LOF study), a study on the spectrum of neurodegenerative and psychiatric etiologies causing behavioral changes in later life, and on the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF (...) ) biomarkers in predicting and identifying the different underlying pathologies with a special focus on the behavioral variant of frontotemporal dementia.The LOF study is an observational cross-sectional and prospective follow-up study. Patients aged 45-75 years with a frontal behavioral change consisting of apathy, disinhibition, or compulsive/stereotypical behavior were included (April 2011-2013). Patients underwent a multidisciplinary assessment by a neurologist and psychiatrist and MRI, CSF, and PET

2013 The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

199. Distortion Of The Interhemispheric Fissure Associated With Impacted Medial Borders Of The Frontal Lobes: Significance And Implications For Prenatal Diagnosis. (Abstract)

Distortion Of The Interhemispheric Fissure Associated With Impacted Medial Borders Of The Frontal Lobes: Significance And Implications For Prenatal Diagnosis. In order to illustrate the significance of a new anatomical finding, distortion of the interhemispheric fissure (DIHF) associated with impacted medial borders of the frontal lobes, we report a retrospective observational study of 13 fetuses in which DIHF was identified on prenatal imaging. In 10 cases there were associated anatomical

2013 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

200. Automated MRI parcellation of the frontal lobe Full Text available with Trip Pro

Automated MRI parcellation of the frontal lobe Examination of associations between specific disorders and physical properties of functionally relevant frontal lobe sub-regions is a fundamental goal in neuropsychiatry. Here, we present and evaluate automated methods of frontal lobe parcellation with the programs FreeSurfer(FS) and TOADS-CRUISE(T-C), based on the manual method described in Ranta et al. [2009]: Psychiatry Res 172:147-154 in which sulcal-gyral landmarks were used to manually (...) delimit functionally relevant regions within the frontal lobe: i.e., primary motor cortex, anterior cingulate, deep white matter, premotor cortex regions (supplementary motor complex, frontal eye field, and lateral premotor cortex) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) regions (medial PFC, dorsolateral PFC, inferior PFC, lateral orbitofrontal cortex [OFC] and medial OFC). Dice's coefficient, a measure of overlap, and percent volume difference were used to measure the reliability between manual and automated

2013 Human brain mapping

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