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Foot Anatomy

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1. Learning anatomy of the foot and ankle using sagittal plastinates: A prospective randomized educational trial. (PubMed)

Learning anatomy of the foot and ankle using sagittal plastinates: A prospective randomized educational trial. Foot and ankle anatomy is highly complex and presents a considerable educational challenge for the medical student or junior doctor. The successful interpretation of cross-sectional radiological images requires a detailed knowledge of anatomy and spatial relationships. Plastic-impregnated cadaveric prosection slices, known as 'sagittal plastinated slices', or 'SPS', are becoming (...) popular as an adjunct to traditional anatomical teaching methods.To compare the impact of SPS versus conventional anatomy teaching resources (dry bones and whole cadaveric feet) on learners' ability to correctly identify structures of the foot and ankle on sagittal MRI images.Randomized educational study using sequential exploratory mixed-methods.The intervention group anatomy test scores were a mean of 1.2 higher after the educational intervention, compared to 0.7 for the control group (scores out

2018 Foot (Edinburgh, Scotland)

2. Combination of PedCAT Weightbearing CT With Pedography Assessment of the Relationship Between Anatomy-Based Foot Center and Force/Pressure-Based Center of Gravity. (PubMed)

Combination of PedCAT Weightbearing CT With Pedography Assessment of the Relationship Between Anatomy-Based Foot Center and Force/Pressure-Based Center of Gravity. A customized pedography sensor (Pliance; Novel, Munich, Germany) was inserted into a pedCAT (Curvebeam, Warrington, PA). The aim of this study was to analyze the relative position of the anatomical foot center (FC) and the pedographic center of gravity (COG). The hypothesis was that FC should be a good predictor of mediolateral (...) position of COG but not longitudinal since hindfoot anatomy allows free anteroposterior movement but limited mediolateral movement.In 90 patients (180 feet), a pedCAT scan with simultaneous pedography with full weightbearing in a standing position was performed. The morphology-based definition of the FC was performed with the pedCAT data following the Torque Ankle Lever Arm System (TALAS) algorithm. The force/pressure-based COG was defined with the pedography data using a software-based algorithm

2017 Foot & Ankle International

3. Foot Anatomy

Foot Anatomy Foot Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Foot Anatomy Foot Anatomy Aka: Foot Anatomy , Foot II (...) ) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Tendons Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) IV. Anatomy: Nerves See Tibial nerve Superficial fibular nerve Deep fibular nerve (peroneal nerve) Saphenous nerve Sural nerve V. Anatomy: Vascular supply Dorsal foot Anterior tibial artery Dorsalis pedis artery Plantar foot Posterior tibial artery Peroneal artery VI. Anatomy: Fascial support (maintains arches

2018 FP Notebook

4. Vascular Anatomy of the Foot

Vascular Anatomy of the Foot Vascular Anatomy of the Foot Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Vascular Anatomy of the Foot (...) Vascular Anatomy of the Foot Aka: Vascular Anatomy of the Foot II. Anatomy: Artery Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Vascular Anatomy of the Foot." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Ontology: foot vessels (C1116456) Concepts Body Part

2018 FP Notebook

5. Foot Neurologic Anatomy

Foot Neurologic Anatomy Foot Neurologic Anatomy Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Foot Neurologic Anatomy Foot (...) Neurologic Anatomy Aka: Foot Neurologic Anatomy , Neuroanatomy of the Foot , Digital Nerve of Foot II. Anatomy: Foot Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in at or ) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "Foot Neurologic Anatomy." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies

2018 FP Notebook

6. CRACKCast E058 – Ankle and Foot

CRACKCast E058 – Ankle and Foot CRACKCast E058 – Ankle and Foot - CanadiEM CRACKCast E058 – Ankle and Foot In , , by Adam Thomas January 16, 2017 This episode of CRACKCast covers Chapter 58 of Rosen’s Emergency Medicine, Ankle and Foot. To finish off the orthopaedic chapters, this episode reviews the approach to the anatomy and pathophysiology of the ankle joint and foot to help you treat whatever walks (or limps) through the ED door. Shownotes – Rosen’s in Perspective General principle (...) scan: stress fractures and ligament injuries MRI: ligament and tendon anatomy and subtle bone marrow changes seen in stress fractures before seen on x ray CT-SPECT imaging: impingement syndromes, tumors, osteomyelitis Look at least 11 spots including “tear drop” sign of joint effusion and ensure NO more than 4 mm in the medial clear space: Ottawa ankle and foot rules, 100% sensitive See: Weight bearing defined as the ability to transfer weight onto each leg regardless of limping at least 4 steps

2017 CandiEM

7. Ankle and Foot Surgical Guideline

the presence or extent of degenerative disease. Given the complex three dimensional anatomy of the foot and ankle, CT scans or CT-SPECT scans are used at times when finer detail is needed e.g. when suspecting an occult fracture or to further study characteristics of a known fracture, deformity, or arthritis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is most commonly used to diagnose injuries to the ligaments or tendons but is not recommended for every case of acute pain or for degenerative joint disease (L&I (...) Ankle and Foot Surgical Guideline 1 Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Surgical Guideline for Work-related Ankle and Foot Injuries – October 2017 Surgical Guideline for Work-related Ankle and Foot Injuries TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Review Criteria for Foot and Ankle Surgery 3 II. Introduction 12 A. Background and Prevalence 12 III. Establishing Work-relatedness 14 IV. Pre-existing Non-work-related Conditions 14 A. Pes Planus 14 B. Pes Cavus 15 C. Plantar Fasciitis 16 D

2017 Washington State Department of Labor and Industries

8. Fibularis tertius muscle in women & men: A surface anatomy cross-sectional study across countries. (PubMed)

Fibularis tertius muscle in women & men: A surface anatomy cross-sectional study across countries. The fibularis tertius muscle (FTM) is a rare anatomic variation. The prevalence of this exclusively human structure, which is found in the anterior compartment of the leg, is often underestimated, and it is believed that foot and ankle conditions are more difficult to manage in patients with an FTM. The aim of this study was to assess the presence of the FTM palpation and determine whether its

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2019 PLoS ONE

9. Malignant tumours of the foot and ankle (PubMed)

perhaps in chondrosarcoma, which seems to be less aggressive in the foot. The anatomy of the foot is very complex with many bony and soft tissue structures in a relatively small space making large resections and conservative treatments difficult to achieve. Cite this article: EFORT Open Rev 2017;2. DOI: 10.1302/2058-5241.2.160078. Originally published online at www.efortopenreviews.org. (...) Malignant tumours of the foot and ankle Most of tumours of the foot are tumour-like (synovial cyst, foreign body reactions and epidermal inclusion cyst) or benign conditions (tenosynovial giant cells tumours, planta fibromatosis). Malignant tumours of the soft-tissue and skeleton are very rare in the foot and their diagnosis is often delayed with referral to specialised teams after initial inappropriate procedures or unplanned excisions. The adverse effect of these misdiagnosed tumours

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2017 EFORT open reviews

10. The Foot Bone’s Connected to the Leg Bone

The Foot Bone’s Connected to the Leg Bone The Foot Bone's Connected to the Leg Bone | PLOS Blogs Network PLOS Blogs Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Diverse perspectives on science and medicine Staff Blogs Blogs by Topic Biology & Life Sciences Earth & Environmental Sciences Multi-disciplinary Sciences Medicine & Health Research Analysis & Scientific Policy Post (...) navigation in Uncategorized How well do you know your body, inside and out? Appendix to adrenal glands, brain to biceps, cornea to cruciate ligaments–these are all pieces of our anatomy and we all have them. But do you know where to find them? This week we feature some really exciting citizen science from Dr. Adam Taylor of the Lancaster Medical School in the UK. He and his colleagues have partnered with the to find out what the members of the general public know about their own body and why

2018 PLOS Blogs Network

11. Strategies for Reconstruction of the Plantar Surface of the Foot: A Systematic Review of the Literature. (PubMed)

Strategies for Reconstruction of the Plantar Surface of the Foot: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Reconstruction of the plantar surface of the foot is challenging because of its distinctive anatomy and microarchitecture. Unfortunately, no single coverage option meets the needs of all patients and defects. A comprehensive literature review is presented to better define available reconstructive options for resurfacing the plantar foot.A systematic literature search was performed (...) , and 5 percent described multiple reconstructive methods. Isolated heel defects were the most frequently reconstructed subunit of the plantar foot (73 percent). The latissimus dorsi muscle was the most commonly used free flap, whereas the reverse sural artery flap was the most commonly used locoregional flap. Protective sensation was noted in most locoregional and free flap reconstructions, regardless of primary neurotization; however, improved two-point discrimination was noted when

2019 Plastic and reconstructive surgery

12. Acute Trauma to the Foot

):252-257. 40. Rosenfeld P. Acute and chronic peroneal tendon dislocations. Foot Ankle Clin. 2007;12(4):643-657, vii. 41. McCormick JJ, Anderson RB. Turf toe: anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment. Sports Health. 2010;2(6):487-494. 42. Khoury V, Guillin R, Dhanju J, Cardinal E. Ultrasound of ankle and foot: overuse and sports injuries. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2007;11(2):149-161. 43. Gregg J, Silberstein M, Schneider T, Marks P. Sonographic and MRI evaluation of the plantar plate: A prospective study (...) Acute Trauma to the Foot Date of origin: 2010 Last review date: 2014 ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® 1 Acute Trauma to the Foot American College of Radiology ACR Appropriateness Criteria ® Clinical Condition: Acute Trauma to the Foot Variant 1: Adult or child >5 years old. Acute injury to the foot; positive Ottawa Rules, suspicious for fracture. First study. Radiologic Procedure Rating Comments RRL* X-ray foot 9 ? CT foot without IV contrast 1 The RRL for the adult procedure is ? . ?? CT foot

2014 American College of Radiology

13. The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System: Risk stratification based on Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI)

, and neuroischemic ulcers in patients with diabetes are 35%, 15%, and 50%, respectively. x 30 Ndip, A. and Jude, E.B. Emerging evidence for neuroischemic diabetic foot ulcers: model of care and how to adapt practice. Int J Low Ext Wounds . 2009 ; 8 : 82–94 | | | An adequate classification system that risk stratifies patients and aids in clinical decision-making represents an enormous unmet need in the field of chronic limb ischemia. While limb perfusion and arterial anatomy are key factors in predicting (...) . Atherosclerosis . 1981 ; 38 : 339–346 | | | | system, and the Graziani morphologic categorization, x 33 Graziani, L., Silvestro, A., Bertone, V., Manara, E., Adreini, R., Sigala, A. et al. Vascular involvement in diabetic subjects with ischemic foot ulcer: a new morphologic categorization of disease severity. Eur J Vas Endovasc Surg . 2007 ; 33 : 453–460 | | | | | for example, address only arterial anatomy, but fail to quantify the index wound or baseline perfusion status. Most DFU classifications lack

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2014 Society for Vascular Surgery

14. 3D X-ray Motion Analysis of Ankle-foot Motion After Total Ankle Arthroplasty

Description: 15 study participants will include those using a Stryker STAR prosthesis and a Wright Medical INBONE 2 prosthesis and a group of matched control subjects. CT scans of lower limb anatomy (ankle-foot complex) will be obtained for all subjects to be converted into 3D bone surface models for use in the joint motion tracking software. Each participant will participate in one day of data collection with an X-Ray Motion Analysis (XMA) system. High-speed biplanar XMA system will capture video images (...) 3D X-ray Motion Analysis of Ankle-foot Motion After Total Ankle Arthroplasty 3D X-ray Motion Analysis of Ankle-foot Motion After Total Ankle Arthroplasty - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. 3D X

2018 Clinical Trials

15. MRI of Foot Drop: How We Do It. (PubMed)

not only of peripheral nerve anatomy and common pathologic conditions, but also of the clinical and electrodiagnostic evaluation performed in patients with foot drop. In this way, the radiologist can actively guide the referring clinician in ordering the most appropriate imaging examination, efficiently reaching the correct diagnosis, and deciding appropriate treatment.© RSNA, 2018. (...) MRI of Foot Drop: How We Do It. Various pathologic conditions extending from the lumbar and pelvic regions to the lower leg may manifest as foot drop, or weakness of ankle dorsiflexion. Potential causes of foot drop include L5 radiculopathy, lumbosacral plexopathy, sciatic neuropathy, and peroneal neuropathy. Although the first-line test in lesion localization is most commonly electrodiagnostic testing, MR neurography has emerged as a useful tool to verify lesion site, to accurately

2018 Radiology

16. Cystic bone tumors of the foot and ankle. (PubMed)

Cystic bone tumors of the foot and ankle. Bone tumors are relatively rare in the foot and ankle region. Many of them present as cystic lesions on plain films. Due to the relative rarity of these lesions and the complex anatomy of the foot and ankle region, identification of such lesions is often delayed or they get misdiagnosed and mismanaged. This review discusses the most common cystic tumors of the foot and ankle including their radiographic features and principles of management.© 2018 Wiley

2018 Journal of Surgical Oncology

17. Anatomy of the vasculature of the lower leg and harvest of a fibular flap: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Anatomy of the vasculature of the lower leg and harvest of a fibular flap: a systematic review. The fibular free flap (FFF) is based on the peroneal artery, which has a consistent anatomy and makes a minimal contribution to the pedal circulation. However, certain anatomical variations in the vasculature of the leg might leave the peroneal artery with a major role in the perfusion of the foot, and to raise a FFF could lead to ischaemic complications. Our aim was to review the implications (...) arteria magna. Preoperative vascular mapping is a valuable way to assess that perfusion of the foot is adequate, and it provides accurate information about the vascular anatomy, cutaneous perforators, and the fibular blood supply, with minimal or no added cost or risks.Copyright © 2017 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2017 The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery

18. Proximity and Risks of the Anterior Neurovascular and Tendinous Anatomy of the Distal Leg Relative to Anteriorly Applied Distal Locking Screws for Tibia Nailing: A PLEA FOR OPEN INSERTION. (PubMed)

of the tibialis anterior tendon was greatest 10 mm cranial to the plafond and averaged 27 degrees (95% confidence interval, 22-33 degrees) medial to the A-P line. The maximum lateral border of the foot's common extensors, found 40 mm cranial to the plafond, averaged 71 degrees (95% confidence interval, 62-80 degrees) lateral to the A-P line.The anterior tibial NV bundle and foot and ankle extensor tendons are at high risk from A-P-directed distal locking screws. The tendinous anatomy of the distal leg (...) Proximity and Risks of the Anterior Neurovascular and Tendinous Anatomy of the Distal Leg Relative to Anteriorly Applied Distal Locking Screws for Tibia Nailing: A PLEA FOR OPEN INSERTION. To determine the proximity and potential risks to distal leg anatomy from anterior to posterior (A-P) applied distal tibia locking screws for tibial nailing.Retrospective.ACS level I trauma center.Twenty consecutive adult patients undergoing computed tomograms with intravenous contrast (computed tomography

2017 Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma

19. Operative Anatomy of the Medial Gastrocnemius Recession vs the Proximal Medial Gastrocnemius Recession. (PubMed)

Operative Anatomy of the Medial Gastrocnemius Recession vs the Proximal Medial Gastrocnemius Recession. Isolated gastrocnemius contracture (IGC) is associated with various foot and ankle pathologies. To address the problem of IGC, a number of gastrocnemius lengthening procedures have been described. Although proximal medial gastrocnemius recession (PMGR) has shown to be an effective operative treatment for IGC, it poses risks to various anatomic structures around the knee joint and requires

2017 Foot & Ankle International

20. Physio courses galore March-May, 2016: Anatomy prosection, soft tissue techniques, taping…and more

at Vesalius Clinical Training Centre, University of Bristol, March 14-16 2016 ACPSEM has commissioned a suite of anatomy prosection courses for its members. Three distinct courses have been created by the Vesalius Clinical Skills Centre at the University of Bristol to meet the needs of sports physiotherapists covering: Shoulder & Brachial Plexus 14th March 2016 Ankle & Foot 1 5th March 2016 ; and Hip & Groin 16th March 2016 Limited to 20 places per day. More info and registration Soft Tissue Techniques (...) Physio courses galore March-May, 2016: Anatomy prosection, soft tissue techniques, taping…and more Physio courses galore March-May, 2016: Anatomy prosection, soft tissue techniques, taping...and more | BJSM blog - social media's leading SEM voice by There are a number of exciting courses just around the corner for sports physiotherapists looking to strengthen their knowledge and practice (registration discounts for BASEM and ACPSEM members): Anatomy Prosection for Sports Physiotherapists held

2016 British Journal of Sports Medicine Blog

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