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Follicle Stimulating Hormone

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7761. Aromatization mediates testosterone's short-term feedback restraint of 24-hour endogenously driven and acute exogenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone secretion in young men. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Aromatization mediates testosterone's short-term feedback restraint of 24-hour endogenously driven and acute exogenous gonadotropin-releasing hormone-stimulated luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone secretion in young men. The present clinical study examines the neuroregulatory hypothesis that feedback restraint of LH and FSH secretion by testosterone requires in vivo aromatization. To test this postulate, we prospectively and randomly assigned 47 healthy young men to 1 of 5 (...) -h mean spontaneous and 3-h post-GnRH-stimulated (100 ng/kg iv bolus) LH and FSH release. KTCZ administration lowered the serum total testosterone concentration markedly from (mean +/- SEM) 423 +/- 57 ng/dL (15 +/- 2.0 nmo/L) during placebo ingestion to 58 +/- 8.6 ng/dL (2.0 +/- 0.3 nmol/L) (P < 10(-3)). Transdermal androgen addback along with KTCZ blockade increased testosterone levels to 607 +/- 57 ng/dL (21 +/- 2.0 nmol/L). KTCZ exposure alone drove a 3-fold increase in serum LH concentrations

2001 The Journal of clinical endocrinology and metabolism Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7762. Specificity of cognate ligand-receptor interactions: fusion proteins of human chorionic gonadotropin and the heptahelical receptors for human luteinizing hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Specificity of cognate ligand-receptor interactions: fusion proteins of human chorionic gonadotropin and the heptahelical receptors for human luteinizing hormone, thyroid-stimulating hormone, and follicle-stimulating hormone. The family of glycoprotein hormones and their homologous heptahelical receptors represent an excellent system for comparative structure-function studies. We have engineered single chain molecules of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) fused to its cognate receptor, LH (...) receptor (LHR), and to the noncognate receptors, TSH receptor (TSHR) and FSH receptor (FSHR; N-beta-alpha-receptor-C), to create the yoked (Y) complexes YCG/LHR, YCG/TSHR, and YCG/FSHR. The expression and bioactivity of these fusion proteins were examined in transiently transfected HEK 293 cells. Western blot analysis and antibody binding assays demonstrated that each of the proteins was expressed. In the case of YCG/LHR, minimal binding of exogenous hormone was observed due to the continued occupation

2003 Endocrinology

7763. Comparison of stimulation with clomiphene citrate in combination with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone and recombinant luteinizing hormone to stimulation with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist protocol: a prospective, randomized study. (Abstract)

Comparison of stimulation with clomiphene citrate in combination with recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone and recombinant luteinizing hormone to stimulation with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist protocol: a prospective, randomized study. To compare IVF-ET outcome with a new stimulation protocol using clomiphene citrate (CC) with recombinant FSH and LH to stimulation with the standard long GnRH-a protocol.Prospective randomized study.Outpatient infertility clinic in Vienna (...) , Austria.Two hundred ninety-four infertile women undergoing IVF-ET; 154 IVF cycles stimulated with CC + recombinant FSH + recombinant LH (group A) and 140 cycles with long GnRH-a suppression + recombinant FSH (group B).Controlled ovarian hyperstimulation, egg retrieval, and ET.Cycle parameters (number of oocytes, fertilization, number of embryos) and outcome (pregnancy rate, cancellation rate, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome [OHSS]).Pregnancy rate per ET was 42.9% (implantation rate, 21.3%) in group

2002 Fertility and sterility Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7764. Dynamics of the development of multiple follicles during ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization using recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (Puregon) and various doses of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist ganirelix (Orgalutran/Antag (Abstract)

Dynamics of the development of multiple follicles during ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization using recombinant follicle-stimulating hormone (Puregon) and various doses of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist ganirelix (Orgalutran/Antag To investigate relations between dose of GnRH antagonist and follicular phase characteristics.Randomized controlled multicenter trial.Tertiary referral fertility centers.Three hundred and twenty-nine IVF patients.Ovarian stimulation for IVF (...) with recombinant FSH starting on cycle day 2. From cycle day 7 onwards, cotreatment was provided with 0.0625, 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, or 2.0 mg/d GnRH antagonist.Number of follicles, total follicular surface area, gonadotropin, and serum steroid concentrations.In 311 patients, similar follicular growth was observed in all treatment groups. FSH levels increased during the follicular phase. Late follicular phase LH, androstenedione (AD), and E(2) levels showed a GnRH antagonist dose-related decrease (P<0.05

2001 Fertility and sterility Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7765. Role of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor Ser680Asn polymorphism in the efficacy of follicle-stimulating hormone. (Abstract)

Role of follicle-stimulating hormone receptor Ser680Asn polymorphism in the efficacy of follicle-stimulating hormone. To evaluate the association between FSH efficacy and FSHR alleles.Retrospective study.University-based fertility unit and a private center for biomedical research.One hundred two women with ovarian function who were undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COS). Women were categorized as poor responders (< or =3 ovarian follicles at the end of the cycle) or normal responders (...) (>3 follicles).Daily administration of exogenous FSH.Number of good or poor responders.The allele frequency and genotype distribution of the Ser680Asn marker differed significantly between groups. Cycle cancellations were increased (21%) among women who were homozygous for Ser680 compared with Ser/Asn and Asn/Asn patients, and 36% of poor-responders were homozygous for Ser680.The results support a role for FSHR gene in COS outcome. However, the weight of this factor is probably low. The Ser680

2003 Fertility and Sterility

7766. Recombinant follicle stimulating hormone stimulation in poor responders with normal basal concentrations of follicle stimulating hormone and oestradiol: improved reproductive outcome. (Abstract)

Recombinant follicle stimulating hormone stimulation in poor responders with normal basal concentrations of follicle stimulating hormone and oestradiol: improved reproductive outcome. A total of 30 young infertile patients who exhibited a poor response in two previous consecutive cycles, despite having normal basal follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and oestradiol concentrations, were invited to participate in a prospective randomized study comparing the clinical efficacy of recombinant (rFSH (...) ) and urinary (uFSH) follicle stimulating hormone. An evaluation of the total dose used (3800 IU versus 4600 IU, P < 0.05) and duration of treatment (10.2 days versus 13.2 days, P < 0.05) showed a significantly shorter treatment period as well as a significantly lower total dose of FSH required to induce ovulation successfully in the group of patients treated with rFSH. Significantly more oocytes (7.2 versus 5. 6, P < 0.05) as well as mature oocytes (5.9 versus 3.2, P < 0.01) were retrieved after rFSH

1999 Human reproduction (Oxford, England) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

7767. A prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing 150 IU recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (Puregon((R))) and 225 IU highly purified urinary follicle stimulating hormone (Metrodin-HP((R))) in a fixed-dose regimen in women undergoing ovarian stimul (Abstract)

A prospective, randomized clinical trial comparing 150 IU recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (Puregon((R))) and 225 IU highly purified urinary follicle stimulating hormone (Metrodin-HP((R))) in a fixed-dose regimen in women undergoing ovarian stimul A prospective, randomized, open, multicentre (n = 3) study was conducted to compare the efficacy and efficiency of a fixed daily dose of 150 IU (3x50 IU) recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (recFSH, Puregon((R))) and 225 IU (3x75 IU (...) ) highly purified urinary FSH (uFSH-HP, Metrodin-HP((R))) in women undergoing ovarian stimulation prior to in-vitro fertilization treatment. A total of 165 women were treated with FSH, 83 subjects with recFSH and 82 subjects with uFSH-HP. In the recFSH group a mean number of 8.8 oocytes were retrieved, compared with 9.8 in the uFSH-HP group (not statistically significant). In the recFSH group, a significantly lower total dose was required compared to the uFSH-HP group, 1479 versus 2139 IU, respectively

1999 Human reproduction (Oxford, England) Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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