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Fluid Deprivation Test

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1. Fluid Deprivation Test

Fluid Deprivation Test Fluid Deprivation Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Fluid Deprivation Test Fluid Deprivation (...) Test Aka: Fluid Deprivation Test II. Indication Evaluation of III. Precautions: Requires close monitoring Monitor Monitor s Monitor weight Do not allow weight loss to exceed 3-5% IV. Technique Fluid restrict patient Mild (<10 L/day) Start fluid restriction 12 hours before test Severe (>10 L/day) Start fluid restriction 2 hours before test Follow to steady state should approach 295 mOsm/kg water Measure hourly until endpoint: Two values are within 30 mOsm/kg of each other Weight loss exceeds 3-5

2018 FP Notebook

2. Guidelines for Psychological Practice for People with Low-Income and Economic Marginalization

MARGINALIZATION III TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 1 The Guidelines 8 Domain 1: Training and Education 9 Domain 2: LIEM and Health Disparities 13 Domain 3: Treatment Considerations 16 Domain 4: Intersection of LIEM with Career Concerns and Unemployment 22 References 25 Appendix A: Definitions 34 Appendix B 36GUIDELINES FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL PRACTICE FOR PEOPLE WITH LOW-INCOME AND ECONOMIC MARGINALIZATION 1 INTRODUC TION Socioeconomically disadvantaged adults and children constitute a large and relatively stable (...) proportion of people in the United States. More than 48 million people live in low-income working families, and more than 10.3 million working families in the United States earn less than 200% of the poverty level income (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2015). In 2018, the official poverty level for the continental U.S. was $12,140 for an individual and $25,100 for a family of four. The supplemental poverty measure (Fox, 2018) uses a more inclusive set of factors than the official poverty level, and results

2019 American Psychological Association

3. Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low? and middle?income countries: a mixed method systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low? and middle?income countries: a mixed method systematic review Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a mixed method systematic review - De Buck - 2017 - Campbell Systematic Reviews - Wiley Online Library By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our . Search within Search term Search term SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Open Access (...) Approaches to promote handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low‐ and middle‐income countries: a mixed method systematic review Corresponding Author E-mail address: Corresponding author Emmy De Buck Centre for Evidence‐Based Practice Belgian Red Cross Motstraat 40 B‐2800 Mechelen Belgium E‐mail: Corresponding Author E-mail address: Corresponding author Emmy De Buck Centre for Evidence‐Based Practice Belgian Red Cross Motstraat 40 B‐2800 Mechelen Belgium E‐mail: First published: 19 May 2017

2017 Campbell Collaboration

4. Effects of Sleep Deprivation and Adrenergic Inhibition on Glymphatic Flow in Humans

, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study. Investigators will include 20 healthy volunteers who will undergo three functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) imaging sessions, one at baseline, and two after sleep deprivation (one night without sleep). The two sleep-deprivation scans are performed in a randomized order where subjects receive placebo or carvedilol, in a within-subject, cross-over study design. The following domains will be described: 1) fMRI imaging of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pulsations (...) ) Quantification of cognitive performance before and after a nap in the MRI. Cognitive testing includes: assessments of visual attention, reaction time, paired-associative memory, working memory, emotional recognition and subjective ratings of sleepiness and mood. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Sleep Deprivation Sleep Wake Disorders Sleep Drug: Carvedilol 25mg Drug: Placebo oral capsule Early Phase 1 Detailed Description: Aims and background: Sleep is a universal biological process. Lack

2018 Clinical Trials

5. Simple leg raise test may help in assessing patients’ fluid needs in intensive care

took place in France (17/23): the locations of the rest were not reported. Most trials included were rated as having a low risk of bias increasing our confidence in the findings. What did it find? Using pooled results from all the trials, the sensitivity of the passive leg raising test for a heart response to fluid was 86% (95% confidence interval [CI] 79 to 92). This is the proportion of people who responded to extra fluid who were correctly predicted as being able to respond by the leg raising (...) Simple leg raise test may help in assessing patients’ fluid needs in intensive care Simple leg raise test may help in assessing patients’ fluid needs in intensive care Discover Portal Discover Portal Simple leg raise test may help in assessing patients’ fluid needs in intensive care Published on 12 April 2016 doi: This review of 23 trials found a simple leg raise test helped predict whether patients were responsive to extra intravenous fluids in intensive care. Passive leg raising—using

2019 NIHR Dissemination Centre

6. Investigation of breastfeeding rates in deprived areas - literature review

with higher educational qualifications were more likely to breastfeed 33 . Education is known to be a major determinant of breastfeeding 33 . The effect of education on exclusive breastfeeding was more significant than age when the results were adjusted for baby birth rank, premature birth and low birth weight 37 . It could also be described as a proxy measure for socioeconomic status (e.g. household income, occupation). However, compared to other measures of socioeconomic status, education has the most (...) 38,41 . 5.4 Socio-demographic factors: Scottish perspective 21 Preliminary results from the GUS data suggest that maternal age, socioeconomic position, marital/cohabitation status and educational qualifications are associated with child and maternal behaviours and outcomes in this Scottish cohort. Younger mothers, lone mothers, and mothers with fewer educational qualifications or on a low income were less likely to breastfeed and more likely to smoke and not attend antenatal classes. Of interest

2012 Glasgow Centre for Population Health

7. Fluid Deprivation Test

Fluid Deprivation Test Fluid Deprivation Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Fluid Deprivation Test Fluid Deprivation (...) Test Aka: Fluid Deprivation Test II. Indication Evaluation of III. Precautions: Requires close monitoring Monitor Monitor s Monitor weight Do not allow weight loss to exceed 3-5% IV. Technique Fluid restrict patient Mild (<10 L/day) Start fluid restriction 12 hours before test Severe (>10 L/day) Start fluid restriction 2 hours before test Follow to steady state should approach 295 mOsm/kg water Measure hourly until endpoint: Two values are within 30 mOsm/kg of each other Weight loss exceeds 3-5

2015 FP Notebook

8. HIV self-testing in high-income settings: Acceptability, potential benefits and harms, issues related to linkage to care, interventions to increase HIV self-testing

acceptability of HIV self-testing among migrant men who have sex with men. A study conducted among migrants living in the UK, France and the Netherlands found that HIV self-testing among migrants was relatively low, but higher among migrant men who had sex with men (40): among 477 migrants, HIV self-test usage in the preceding 12 months was 1.89% (n=9), and all of these nine users were men who had sex with men (40). Across a number of studies and populations, participants prefer oral fluid to blood-based (...) of blood-based HIV self-testing where testers are incentivized to call hotlines to receive their results, which offers a built-in opportunity for linkage (9, 68). This option is not possible for oral fluid HIV self-testing (9). A small (n=10) study explored the acceptability and usability of a smartphone app for high-risk men who have sex with men that uses data from light sensors on Bluetooth low energy beacons to monitor when HIV self-testing kits are opened (69). Health care providers then call

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

9. Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle-income countries

Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle-income countries hiv/aids Programme December 2012 Prevention and treatment of Hiv and otHer Sexually tranSmitted infectionS for Sex WorkerS in loW - and middle-income countrieS Recommendations for a public health approach ISBN 978 92 4 1504744 For more information, contact: World Health Organization Department of HIV/AIDS 20, avenue Appia 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland E-mail: hiv-aids (...) @who.int http://www.who.int/hiv/topics/sex_worker/en/hiv/aids Programme December 2012 Prevention and treatment of Hiv and otHer Sexually tranSmitted infectionS for Sex WorkerS in loW - and middle-income countrieS Recommendations for a public health approachWHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections for sex workers in low- and middle-income countries: recommendations for a public health approach. 1.Prostitution. 2.HIV infections

2012 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

10. Preferences for oral fluid rapid HIV self-testing among social media-using young black, Hispanic, and white men-who-have-sex-with-men (YMSM): implications for future interventions Full Text available with Trip Pro

options. In a pre/post questionnaire format design, participants first indicated their preferences for using the six HIV testing options (pre) before answering questions that asked their experience with and opinions about HIV testing. Although not revealed to participants and not apparent in the phrasing of the questions or responses, the opinion questions concerned aspects of oral fluid rapid HIV self-testing (e.g. its possible advantages/disadvantages, merits/demerits, and barriers/facilitators (...) the test were low. Aspects about oral fluid rapid HIV self-testing identified as influential in this study might assist in interventions aimed to increase its use among this high HIV risk population as a means of encouraging regular HIV testing, identifying HIV-infected persons, and linking them to care. Although not yet commercially available in the United States, fingerstick rapid HIV self-testing might help motivate YMSM to be tested more than oral fluid rapid HIV self-testing.Copyright © 2016

2017 Public health

11. Reliability of point-of-collection testing devices for drugs of abuse in oral fluid: A systematic review and meta-analysis. (Abstract)

Reliability of point-of-collection testing devices for drugs of abuse in oral fluid: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Point-of-collection testing (POCT) devices for drugs of abuse are used to screen for the presence of psychoactive substances (PAS) in different types of settings and environments. However, these quick and advantageous tools also present disadvantages, including low-reliability measures in comparison to chromatographic assays. Therefore, this article presents a systematic (...) review and meta-analysis of studies evaluating the reliability of measurements of PAS detection in oral fluid using POCT devices. The reliability measures for detection of the five most important drug classes - cocaine, amphetamines, benzodiazepines, cannabinoids and opioids, are reported. The article also presents a subgroup analysis considering the reliability estimates for the different POCT devices that were evaluated by the studies contemplated in the review. A discussion considering

2017 Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis

12. ACR/SIR/SPR Practice Parameter for Specifications and Performance of Image-Guided Percutaneous Drainage/Aspiration of Abscesses and Fluid Collections (PDAFC)

and disadvantages of one imaging modality versus another for any particular drainage procedure, including the as-low-as-reasonably-achievable (ALARA) principle. As with any invasive therapy, the patient is most likely to benefit when the procedure is performed in an appropriate environment and by qualified physicians. This practice parameter is intended to be used in quality improvement programs to assess percutaneous drainage procedures. The most important processes of care are: 1) patient selection, 2 (...) ACR/SIR/SPR Practice Parameter for Specifications and Performance of Image-Guided Percutaneous Drainage/Aspiration of Abscesses and Fluid Collections (PDAFC) PRACTICE PARAMETER 1 PDAFC Revised 2018 (Resolution 13)* ACR–SIR–SPR PRACTICE PARAMETER FOR SPECIFICATIONS AND PERFORMANCE OF IMAGE-GUIDED PERCUTANEOUS DRAINAGE/ASPIRATION OF ABSCESSES AND FLUID COLLECTIONS (PDAFC) PREAMBLE This document is an educational tool designed to assist practitioners in providing appropriate radiologic care

2018 Society of Interventional Radiology

13. MDMA (ecstasy) effects on actual driving performance before and after sleep deprivation, as function of dose and concentration in blood and oral fluid. Full Text available with Trip Pro

MDMA (ecstasy) effects on actual driving performance before and after sleep deprivation, as function of dose and concentration in blood and oral fluid. Experimental research has shown that 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) can improve some psychomotor driving skills when administered during the day. In real life, however, MDMA is taken during the night, and driving may likely occur early in the morning after a night of "raving" and sleep loss.The present study assessed the effects (...) of MDMA on road-tracking and car-following performance in on-the-road driving tests in normal traffic.Sixteen recreational MDMA users participated in a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled four-way cross-over design. They received single, evening doses of 0, 25, 50, and 100 mg MDMA on separate occasions. Actual driving tests were conducted in the evening when MDMA serum concentrations were maximal and in the morning after a night of sleep loss.The primary measure of driving, i.e., standard

2012 Psychopharmacology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

14. RENAL FUNCTION, ELECTROLYTE EXCRETION AND BODY FLUIDS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY BEFORE AND AFTER SODIUM DEPRIVATION Full Text available with Trip Pro

RENAL FUNCTION, ELECTROLYTE EXCRETION AND BODY FLUIDS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC RENAL INSUFFICIENCY BEFORE AND AFTER SODIUM DEPRIVATION 13011210 2003 05 01 2018 12 01 0021-9738 32 1 1953 Jan The Journal of clinical investigation J. Clin. Invest. Renal function, electrolyte excretion and body fluids in patients with chronic renal insufficiency before and after sodium deprivation. 68-79 NICKEL J F JF LOWRANCE P B PB LEIFER E E BRADLEY S E SE eng Journal Article United States J Clin Invest 7802877 (...) 0021-9738 0 Electrolytes 9NEZ333N27 Sodium OM Body Fluids Electrolytes Humans Kidney Failure, Chronic Kidney Function Tests Renal Insufficiency, Chronic Sodium 5323:35932:289:508 KIDNEY FUNCTION TESTS SODIUM 1953 1 1 1953 1 1 0 1 1953 1 1 0 0 ppublish 13011210 10.1172/JCI102713 PMC436529 Am J Med. 1950 Dec;9(6):766-98 14789797 J Clin Invest. 1950 Oct;29(10):1280-95 14778891 J Am Med Assoc. 1950 Mar 11;142(10):711-5 15410381 J Clin Invest. 1946 Jan;25(1):120-9 16695291 Am J Med. 1951 Sep;11(3):283

1953 Journal of Clinical Investigation

15. Strategies to link people with undiagnosed HIV infection to HIV testing, care, and prevention services

systematic review assessed the effectiveness of assisted versus passive partner notification approaches in improving HIV testing and diagnosis (58). Ten studies (including four randomized controlled trials and six observational studies from both high- and low- income settings) were included in analysis, representing 5,150 patients. Meta-analysis showed a higher uptake of partner HIV testing, larger proportion of newly identified HIV, and increased linkage to care when HIV-positive patients were offered (...) health care was also higher among cases than controls. Nearly half of cases with newly diagnosed HIV were diagnosed in late or very late stages of infection. Many of the procedures performed in the last year before HIV diagnosis were strongly associated with subsequent HIV infection, however authors concluded that targeted testing based on performance of these procedures would not capture a high percentage of the undiagnosed, due to low procedure prevalence (16). Prompting the offer of IC-targeted

2019 Ontario HIV Treatment Network

16. Public health guidance on HIV, hepatitis B and C testing in the EU/EEA

: • Community-based drug and harm-reduction service facilities: Provide community-based testing in fixed location and specifically target people who use drugs. Typically, though not universally, they maintain low threshold for attendance and adopt client perspective on service provision to make user access as simple as possible. Services at these facilities may include needle and syringe exchange programmes, opioid substitution therapy and other forms of drug treatment, as well as additional services (...) is defined as persons presenting for care with CD4 count below 350 cells/mL or presenting with an AIDS-defining event regardless of CD4 cell count [5]. Lay provider: Person providing healthcare in a community setting trained to deliver specific services, such as blood-borne testing services, but has not completed formal professional healthcare training. Low-threshold service: Service that places few restrictions on access and adopts client perspective on service provision to make utilisation

2019 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Public Health Guidance

17. Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report

Cancer stage at diagnosis, all modes of detection – PLCO and UKCTOCS 34 Table 4.1.15 FIGO staging of ovarian cancer 34 Table 4.1.16 Low versus high volume tumours at diagnosis, all modes of detection – UKCTOCS 35 Table 4.1.17 Complications associated with screening tests – PLCO and UKCTOCS 37 Table 4.1.18 Complications associated with unnecessary surgery – PLCO and UKCTOCS 37 Table 4.1.19 Summary of evidence table from Henderson 2017 – effect on disease-specific mortality 41 Table 4.1.20 Summary (...) Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer on asymptomatic women Technical Report February 2019 Position Statement – Testing for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women: Technical Report was prepared and produced by: Cancer Australia Locked Bag 3 Strawberry Hills NSW 2012 Australia Tel: +61 2 9357 9400 Fax: +61 2 9357 9477 canceraustralia.gov.au © Cancer Australia 2019. ISBN Online: 978-1-74127-338-0

2019 Cancer Australia

18. Initial Accuracy of HIV Rapid Test Kits Stored in Suboptimal Conditions and Validity of Delayed Reading of Oral Fluid Tests Full Text available with Trip Pro

-reading of OraQuick, with only 1/375 pre-incubated and 1/371 optimally-stored OraQuick kits changing from the initial result over 12 months.Erroneous results observed during HIV testing in low income settings are likely to be due to factors other than suboptimal storage conditions. Re-reading returned OraQuick kits may offer a convenient and accurate quality assurance approach, including in HIV self-testing programmes. (...) Initial Accuracy of HIV Rapid Test Kits Stored in Suboptimal Conditions and Validity of Delayed Reading of Oral Fluid Tests To evaluate the effect of storing commonly used rapid diagnostic tests above manufacturer-recommended temperature (at 37°C), and the accuracy of delayed reading of oral fluid kits with relevance to HIV self-testing programmes.A quality assurance study of OraQuick (OraSure), Determine HIV 1/2™ (Alere) and Uni-Gold™ (Recombigen®).Consecutive adults (≥18y) attending Ndirande

2016 PloS one

19. Clinical Validation of CD Diagnostics Synovasure PJI ELISA Test and Synovasure PJI Lateral Flow Test for Detection of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Synovial Fluid

Clinical Validation of CD Diagnostics Synovasure PJI ELISA Test and Synovasure PJI Lateral Flow Test for Detection of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Synovial Fluid Clinical Validation of CD Diagnostics Synovasure PJI ELISA Test and Synovasure PJI Lateral Flow Test for Detection of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Synovial Fluid - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms (...) x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Clinical Validation of CD Diagnostics Synovasure PJI ELISA Test and Synovasure PJI Lateral Flow Test for Detection of Periprosthetic Joint Infection in Synovial Fluid The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been

2016 Clinical Trials

20. HTA of C-reactive protein point-of-care testing to guide antibiotic prescribing

Information and Quality Authority xv which 14 were European studies. The evidence base is characterised by a high level of heterogeneity in patient populations, diagnostic criteria, CRP cut-points, how the performance of the test was reported and the absence of a universal reference standard for the diagnosis of RTIs requiring antibiotic treatment. Two studies reporting the usefulness of CRP testing in diagnosing acute sinusitis provided limited evidence of benefit. Both studies identified a low threshold (...) ? more stringent requirements for POCT (near-patient tests) ? enhanced traceability for IVDs. One of the key changes under the IVDR relates to the conformity assessment procedures required of manufacturers prior to an IVD being placed on the market. Requirements vary based on the risk classification of the device, that is, for low risk (Class A) up to high risk (Class D). Assessment and certification by a notified body will be required for those IVDs in Classes B, C and D. Class A devices placed

2019 Health Information and Quality Authority

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