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Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale

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1. Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an (PubMed)

Diagnostic accuracy of the Geriatric Depression Scale-30, Geriatric Depression Scale-15, Geriatric Depression Scale-5 and Geriatric Depression Scale-4 for detecting major depression: protocol for a systematic review and individual participant data meta-an The 30-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-30) and the shorter GDS-15, GDS-5 and GDS-4 are recommended as depression screening tools for elderly individuals. Existing meta-analyses on the diagnostic accuracy of the GDS have not been able (...) to conduct subgroup analyses, have included patients already identified as depressed who would not be screened in practice and have not accounted for possible bias due to selective reporting of results from only better-performing cut-offs in primary studies. Individual participant data meta-analysis (IPDMA), which involves a standard systematic review, then a synthesis of individual participant data, rather than summary results, could address these limitations. The objective of our IPDMA is to generate

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2018 BMJ open

2. Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale

Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Five-Item (...) Geriatric Depression Scale Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Aka: Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale II. Criteria: Questions (abnormal or positive answers in parentheses) Are you basically satisfied with your life? (No) Do you often get bored? (Yes) Do you often feel helpless? (Yes) Do you prefer to stay at home rather than going out and doing new things? (Yes) Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now? (Yes) III. Interpretation Two positive answers suggests depression IV. Efficacy : 97

2018 FP Notebook

3. Clinical utility of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for use with young and middle-aged adults. (PubMed)

Clinical utility of the 15-item geriatric depression scale (GDS-15) for use with young and middle-aged adults. The Geriatric Depression Scale, Short Form (GDS-15) is a widely-used depression rating scale for elderly adults. It might be useful for persons across the adult lifespan, but more research is needed to support its clinical utility with young and middle-aged adults.We examined the classification accuracy of the GDS-15 in identifying depression cases and non-cases in adults aged 18-54 (...) (n = 199) compared to those aged 55-80 (n = 112), using the standard cutoff score of 5. Criterion-related validity of the GDS-15 was examined based on its chance-corrected agreement with a clinical diagnostic interview.Classification accuracy based on receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was strong in younger (area under the curve; AUC = 0.92) and older adults (AUC = 0.94). Sensitivity and specificity of the GDS-15 for identifying depression were 72% and 97% for younger adults and 86

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

4. Does the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale function differently in old people with different levels of cognitive functioning? (PubMed)

Does the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale function differently in old people with different levels of cognitive functioning? The 15-item version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) is widely employed to screen depression among elderly but little is known about the scale functioning in cognitively impaired individuals when compared to normal ones. The aim of the current study is to investigate Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across groups of older people that differ in terms (...) of cognitive functioning applying Item Response Theory (IRT)-based analyses.Data from an Italian multi-centric clinical-based study on cognitive impairment and dementia in old people were employed (N = 1903; Age: M = 77.33, SD = 7.05, 62% women). All the participants underwent a comprehensive evaluation (including clinical examination, laboratory screening, neuroimaging, and cognitive and behavioral assessments) and they were assigned to three different groups on the basis of their cognitive functioning

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2017 Journal of Affective Disorders

5. Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos (PubMed)

Readability and Comprehension of the Geriatric Depression Scale and PROMIS® Physical Function Items in Older African Americans and Latinos Depression and physical function are particularly important health domains for the elderly. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) and the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS®) physical function item bank are two surveys commonly used to measure these domains. It is unclear if these two instruments adequately measure these aspects (...) of health in minority elderly.The aim of this study was to estimate the readability of the GDS and PROMIS® physical function items and to assess their comprehensibility using a sample of African American and Latino elderly.Readability was estimated using the Flesch-Kincaid and Flesch Reading Ease (FRE) formulae for English versions, and a Spanish adaptation of the FRE formula for the Spanish versions. Comprehension of the GDS and PROMIS® items by minority elderly was evaluated with 30 cognitive

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2017 The patient

6. The Effects of Donepezil on 15-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Structure in Patients with Alzheimer Disease (PubMed)

The Effects of Donepezil on 15-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Structure in Patients with Alzheimer Disease In Alzheimer disease (AD), depression is among the most common accompanying neuropsychiatric symptoms and has different clinical manifestations when compared with early-life depression. In patients with drug-naïve AD, we tried to explore the structure of the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS15) and the effect of donepezil on these substructures.GDS15, cognitive function (...) , and activities of daily living function tests were administered to 412 patients with probable AD who had not been medicated before visiting the hospital. Using principal component analysis, three factors were identified. The patients with AD who received only donepezil were retrospectively analyzed and we compared the change of cognition and GDS15 subgroup after donepezil medication.Our study identified three factors and revealed that the GDS15 may be comprised of a heterogeneous scale. The Barthel index

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2016 Dementia and geriatric cognitive disorders extra

7. Validity of the three apathy items of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-3A) in measuring apathy in older persons. (PubMed)

Validity of the three apathy items of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-3A) in measuring apathy in older persons. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)-3A, a three-item subset of the GDS-15, is increasingly used as a measure for apathy in research settings to assess factors associating with this neuropsychiatric syndrome. We aimed to assess how accurately the GDS-3A discriminates between presence and absence of apathy in two populations of community-dwelling older persons, using the Apathy (...) Scale as reference standard.Baseline data were used from 427 participants of the Discontinuation of Antihypertensive Treatment in Elderly people (DANTE) Study Leiden and 1118 participants of the PROactive Management Of Depression in the Elderly (PROMODE) Study, all ≥75 years and with available GDS-3A and Apathy Scale measurements. A cut-off score of ≥14 was used for presence of apathy according to the Apathy Scale. Areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated. Based

2016 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

8. Comparison of the 18-item and 6-item Lubben Social Network Scales with community-dwelling older adults in Mongolia. (PubMed)

Comparison of the 18-item and 6-item Lubben Social Network Scales with community-dwelling older adults in Mongolia. This study compares the psychometric properties of two versions of the Lubben Social Network Scale (LSNS-18 and LSNS-6) with community dwelling older adults in Mongolia. We recruited 650 older adult in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar and the country's four rural regions. We used the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15), the Short Form 12 (SF-12) physical and mental health (...) functioning measures, and a multi-dimensional scale of social isolation for confirmatory factor analyses of the LSNS-18 and the LSNS-6. Both versions demonstrated excellent internal consistency and intraclass correlation and both correlated in expected directions with other study measures. Only the LSNS-6 provided a good fit to the data. The LSNS-6 is a viable instrument for assessing the social networks of older adults in Mongolia. The study adds to the sparse literature on measuring social

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2019 PLoS ONE

9. Does the Geriatric Depression Scale measure depression in Parkinson's disease? (PubMed)

the GDS-30, and items were subjected to a principle component analysis. Geriatric Depression Scale total and factor scores were correlated with depression items from the Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson's disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRSd) and Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMDd), as well as with the Apathy Scale (AS), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Modified Fatigue Impact Scale (MFIS), Parkinson's disease Sleep Scale, and a Subjective Cognitive Function composite score.The (...) Does the Geriatric Depression Scale measure depression in Parkinson's disease? The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is recommended for screening depression in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). Empirical evidence, however, is limited regarding its validity and factor structure in PD. Thus, the current study sought to evaluate the convergent and divergent validity of the GDS, as well as the structure and validity of the derived factors.Nondemented individuals with PD (n = 158) completed

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2018 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

10. Factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale and measurement invariance across gender among Chinese elders. (PubMed)

Factor structure of the Geriatric Depression Scale and measurement invariance across gender among Chinese elders. The Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) is commonly used in research and clinical settings for screening of depression. The current study aimed to examine the best-fit factor structure model of the GDS among Chinese elders and to evaluate the measurement invariance of the GDS across genders.Participants included 1,553 elderly residents from the Hunan, Shandong, and Beijing provinces (...) . Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were conducted in tandem to determine the structure of the GDS on a large scale. Multigroup CFA (N = 1553, 45.24% male, mean = 71.33 ± 8.06) was utilized to test the measurement invariance of the depressive symptom structure, which was generated by EFA and confirmed by CFA across gender.A three-factor model with 15 depression, 9 apathy and 4 vigor items presented the best fit indices. Measurement invariance of the new proposed model

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

11. Definition of a Geriatric Depression Scale cutoff based upon quality of life: a population-based study. (PubMed)

Definition of a Geriatric Depression Scale cutoff based upon quality of life: a population-based study. The cutoff scores for the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) commonly adopted in clinical and research settings are based upon other neuropsychological tests. However, any intervention for depression should aim at improving subjective quality of life (QoL). We searched for a GDS cutoff level that might identify a decrease in perceived QoL using a scale that also allows formal cost-effectiveness (...) calculations.Quality of life was assessed by the Health Utilities Index, Mark 3 in all 344 residents of Tuscania (Italy) aged 75 years and above. Mood was assessed by both the 30-item GDS and the derived 15-item GDS. The association of GDS with low QoL was analyzed by multivariable logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was adopted to estimate the overall predictive value and the best GDS cutoff for poor QoL.The 30-item GDS score was associated with increased probability of a worse

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2017 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

12. Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men: A Prospective Cohort Study (PubMed)

Depressive Symptoms on the Geriatric Depression Scale and Suicide Deaths in Older Middle-aged Men: A Prospective Cohort Study Prospective evaluations of the associations between depressive symptoms and suicide deaths have been mainly performed in high-risk populations, such as individuals with psychiatric disorders or histories of self-harm. The purpose of this study was to prospectively examine whether more severe depressive symptoms assessed using the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were (...) to the absence of depression were 2.18 for mild depression, 2.13 for moderate depression, 3.33 for severe depression, and 3.67 for extreme depression. After adjusting for potential confounders, men with a potential depressive disorder had an approximate 90% higher mortality from suicide (adjusted HR, 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.38 to 2.68; p<0.001) than men without depression. Each five-point increase in the GDS score was associated with a higher risk of death by suicide (adjusted HR, 1.22; p<0.001

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2016 Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health

13. The geriatric depression scale and the timed up and go test predict fear of falling in community-dwelling elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

The geriatric depression scale and the timed up and go test predict fear of falling in community-dwelling elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study. Fear of falling is a common and potentially disabling problem among older adults. However, little is known about this condition in older adults with diabetes mellitus. The aims of this study were to investigate the impact of the fear of falling on clinical, functional and gait variables in older women with type 2 diabetes (...) a fear of falling. The group with the fear of falling also walked with a lower velocity, cadence and step length and increased step time and swing time variability. The multivariate regression analysis showed that the likelihood of having a fear of falling increased 1.34 times (OR 1.34, 95 % CI 1.11-1.61) for a one-point increase in the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) score and 1.36 times (OR 1.36, 95 % CI 1.07-1.73) for each second of increase in the TUG performance.The fear of falling

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2016 BMC Geriatrics

14. Geriatric Depression Scale

Geriatric Depression Scale Aka: Geriatric Depression Scale , Geriatric Depression Scale Survey , Fifteen-Item Geriatric Depression Scale II. Background screening tool Tool is currently in the public domain Intended for interviewer to ask the questions III. Questions: Short Form (15 questions, Positive answer in parentheses) Are you basically satisfied with your life? (NO) Have you dropped many of your activities and interests? (YES) Do you feel your life is empty? (YES) Do you often get bored? (YES (...) Trip Database) Ontology: Geriatric depression scale (assessment scale) (C0451184) Definition (NCI) A standardized rating scale developed by Yesavage et al in 1983, which is a self-report assessment used to identify depression in older adults. The questionnaire contains 30 items. All questions are answered 'yes' or 'no'. Definition (NCI_CDISC) Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) (Yesavage JA, Brink TL, Rose TL, et al. Development and validation of a geriatric depression screening scale: a preliminary

2018 FP Notebook

15. Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale

Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Five-Item (...) Geriatric Depression Scale Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale Aka: Five-Item Geriatric Depression Scale II. Criteria: Questions (abnormal or positive answers in parentheses) Are you basically satisfied with your life? (No) Do you often get bored? (Yes) Do you often feel helpless? (Yes) Do you prefer to stay at home rather than going out and doing new things? (Yes) Do you feel pretty worthless the way you are now? (Yes) III. Interpretation Two positive answers suggests depression IV. Efficacy : 97

2015 FP Notebook

16. The Turkish adaptation and psychometric properties of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale (PubMed)

abilities. To assess the convergent validity, Turkish versions of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) were administered. The mean GAS total score was 13.33 (SD=11.86). Due to low item-total correlations (<0.30), two items (items 2 and 3) were removed from the Turkish version of the GAS. The internal reliability (Cronbach's alpha) was excellent for the total score (0.91) and acceptable for the subscales (somatic = 0.71; cognitive = 0.85; affective = 0.84). Regarding (...) The Turkish adaptation and psychometric properties of the Geriatric Anxiety Scale The purpose of the present study is to translate and adapt the Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS), a 30-item self-report measure of anxiety among older adults, into Turkish and examine its basic psychometric properties. We tested the translated GAS in a sample of community-dwelling older adults in Konya, Turkey (N=100; Mage=71.4 years, SD=6.5; range=65-88) without a history of mental disorder and sufficient cognitive

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2018 Mental illness

17. Beside the Geriatric Depression Scale: the WHO-Five Well-being Index as a valid screening tool for depression in nursing homes. (PubMed)

Beside the Geriatric Depression Scale: the WHO-Five Well-being Index as a valid screening tool for depression in nursing homes. The aim of the study was to compare criterion validities of the WHO-Five Well-being Index (WHO-5) and the Geriatric Depression Scale 15-item version (GDS-15) and 4-item version (GDS-4) as screening instruments for depression in nursing home residents.Data from 92 residents aged 65-97 years without severe cognitive impairment (Mini Mental State Examination ≥15) were (...) analysed. Criterion validities of the WHO-5, the GDS-15 and the GDS-4 were assessed against diagnoses of major and minor depression provided by the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Subanalyses were performed for major and minor depression. Areas under the receiver operating curve (AUCs) as well as sensitivities and specificities at optimal cut-off points were computed.Prevalence of depressive disorder was 28.3%. The AUC value of the WHO-5 (0.90) was similar to that of the GDS-15 (0.82

2013 International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry

18. Serum cystatin C, impaired kidney function, and geriatric depressive symptoms among older people living in a rural area: a population-based study. (PubMed)

glomerular filtration rate (eGFRcysC) < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and depressive symptoms as a score ≥ 5 on the 15-item Geriatric Depression Scale. Data were analyzed using multiple logistic and Cox proportional-hazards models.Of the 1440 participants, 316 (21.9%) were defined to have geriatric depressive symptoms at baseline. Serum cysC levels of 1.01-1.25 and > 1.25 mg/L (vs. ≤1.00 mg/L) were associated with a multiple-adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 1.41 (95% CI 1.01-1.97) and 3.20 (2.32-4.41), respectively (...) Serum cystatin C, impaired kidney function, and geriatric depressive symptoms among older people living in a rural area: a population-based study. The relationship between kidney function and depressive symptoms among elderly people has been rarely investigated in settings of the general population. The aim of our study was to examine the association of serum cystatin C (cysC) and impaired kidney function with geriatric depressive symptoms among older people living in a rural community

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2018 BMC Geriatrics

19. Geriatrics

to be reliable. Authors' objectives To assess the diagnostic performance of frailty screening methods to predict the presence of impairments on a comprehensive 2012 9. Which version of the geriatric depression scale is most useful in medical settings and nursing homes? Diagnostic validity meta-analysis Which version of the geriatric depression scale is most useful in medical settings and nursing homes? Diagnostic validity meta-analysis Which version of the geriatric depression scale is most useful in medical (...) settings and nursing homes? Diagnostic validity meta-analysis Mitchell AJ, Bird V, Rizzo M, Meader N CRD summary This review concluded that all versions (...) of the geriatric depression scale (GDS) provided potential added value in medical settings. GDS 4/5 was most efficient. In the absence of GDS 4/5 data for nursing homes, GDS 15 may be preferred. Limitations in the methods and reporting of the review mean that these conclusions should be interpreted cautiously. Authors' objectives To assess

2018 Trip Latest and Greatest

20. Right Unilateral Ultrabrief Pulse ECT in Geriatric Depression: Phase 1 of the PRIDE Study. (PubMed)

. In phase 2 (reported separately), patients who had remitted were randomly assigned to receive pharmacotherapy (venlafaxine plus lithium) or pharmacotherapy plus continuation ECT. In phase 1, depressed patients received high-dose ECT (at six times the seizure threshold) three times per week. Venlafaxine was started during the first week of treatment and continued throughout the study. The primary outcome measure was remission, assessed with the 24-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D), which (...) Right Unilateral Ultrabrief Pulse ECT in Geriatric Depression: Phase 1 of the PRIDE Study. The Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly (PRIDE) study evaluated the efficacy of right unilateral ultrabrief pulse electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) combined with venlafaxine for the treatment of geriatric depression.PRIDE was a two-phase multisite study. Phase 1 was an acute course of right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT, combined with open-label venlafaxine at seven academic medical centers

2017 The American Journal of Psychiatry

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