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121. HIV and adolescents: Guidance for HIV testing and counselling and care for adolescents living with HIV

Health Organization 20, avenue Appia CH–1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland For more information, contact: ? Department of HIV/AIDS E-mail: ? Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health Email: FOR A PUBLIC HEALTH APPROACH AND CONSIDERATIONS FOR POLICY-MAKERS AND MANAGERS HIV AND ADOLESCENTS: GUIDANCE FOR HIV TESTING AND COUNSELLING AND CARE FOR ADOLESCENTS LIVING (...) living with HIV Annex 15. Adolescent consent to testing: A review of current policies in sub-Saharan African countries Annex 16. Implementation plan Annex 17. List of participants: Expert meeting for the development of guidelines on adolescents and HIV, Harare, Zimbabwe, October 2012Recommendations for a public health approach and considerations for policy-makers and managers I iii Acknowledgements These guidelines were produced by the World Health Organization (WHO) Department of HIV/AIDS

2013 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

122. Guideline on the use of devices for adult male circumcision for HIV prevention

, Namibia), Cynthia Chasokela (Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe), Dianna Edgil (United States Agency for International Development, USA), Karin Hatzold (PSI, Zimbabwe), Albert Kaonga (Ministry of Health, Zambia), Lija Jackson (Ministry of Health, Tanzania), Edgar Makona* (Global Youth Coalition on HIV/AIDS, Kenya), Marion Natukunda (AIDS Information Center, Uganda), Walter Obiero (Nyanza Reproductive Health Society, Kenya), Dayanund Loykissoonlal (National Department of Health, South (...) Africa), Daniel Makawa (Chipatra General Hospital, Zambia), Dino Rech (Center for HIV and AIDS Prevention Studies, South Africa), Jason Reed (U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, USA), Renee Ridzon (Consultant to Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, USA), Christopher Samkange* (University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe), Carl Schutte (Strategic Development Consultants, South Africa), Xaba Sinokuthemba (Ministry of Health and Child Welfare, Zimbabwe), Eugene Zimulinda (Department of Defence, Rwanda

2013 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

123. Evaluating a national surveillance system

Evaluating a national surveillance system Evaluating a national surveillance system UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance For more information, contact: World Health Organization Department of HIV/AIDS Avenue Appia 20 1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland E-mail: ISBN 978 92 4 150646 5WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Evaluating a national surveillance system. 1.HIV infections – epidemiology. 2.Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (...) – epidemiology. 3.Disease outbreaks. 4.Epidemiologic methods. 5.Epidemiological monitoring. 6.National health programs. I.World Health Organization. II.UNAIDS. III.UNAIDS/WHO Working Group on Global HIV/AIDS and STI Surveillance. ISBN 978 92 4 150646 5 (NLM classification: WC 503.4) © World Health Organization 2013 All rights reserved. Publications of the World Health Organization can be obtained from WHO Press, World Health Organization, 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland (tel.: +41 22 791 3264

2013 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

124. Consolidated guidelines on the use of antiretroviral drugs for treating and preventing HIV infection

diagnosed with HIV infection to HIV care and treatment 85 6.1 Introduction 86 6.2 Good practices for linkage to care 86 6.3 General care for people living with HIV 867 Contents Contents 6.4 Preparing people living with HIV for Ar T 89 6.5 What to expect in the first months of A r T 90 7. Clinical guidance across the continuum of care: Antiretroviral therapy 91 7.1 When to start ArT 92 7.1.1 When to start Ar T in adults and adolescents 93 7.1.2 When to start Ar T in pregnant and breastfeeding women 100 (...) 7.1.3 Ar V drugs and duration of breastfeeding 104 7.1.4 When to start Ar T in children 108 7.2 What Ar V regimen to start with (first-line A r T) 112 7.2.1 First-line Ar T for adults 113 7.2.2 First-line Ar T for pregnant and breastfeeding women and Ar V drugs for their infants 116 7.2.3 First-line Ar T for children younger than three years of age 122 7.2.4 First-line Ar T for children three years and older (including adolescents) 126 7.2.5 TB co-treatment in children 130 7.3 Monitoring response

2013 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

125. Treatment and Recommendations for Homeless Patients with Chlamydial or Gonococcal Infections

Websites 38 About the HCH Clinicians’ Network 38Care for Homeless Patients with Chlamydial or Gonococcal Infections: Summary of Recommendations 9 Adults and Adolescents DIAGNOSIS AND EVALUATION History ? Sexual practices Obtain detailed history of sexual practices at first visit. ? Sexual abuse Ask whether patient has been forced to have sexual intercourse against his/her will. ? Exploitation Consider possible exploitation of patient, especially if mental illness or developmental disability (...) CDC recommended first- line treatment regimens calls for single-dose DOT for both chlamydial and gonococcal infections. ? Presumptive treatment Treat patient and partner empirically pending lab results, even if partner is not seen in clinic, if this can be done safely and if regulations/clinic policies permit. ? HBV & HAV Recognize that some homeless people are at high risk for hepatitis B and/or hepatitis A infection. Assure that at-risk patients are immunized. For those who have been partially

2013 National Health Care for the Homeless Council

126. Patient Dignity (Formerly: Patient Modesty): Volume 95

in the middle of your beef with specific staff at a single hospital. Good luck. At , Anonymous said... Biker, The first area I am tackling are the consent forms. I am including for her viewing actual consent forms to show her where the issues are and what might be done to correct them. I think the forms need to be broken down in different signature areas and with the ability for patients to exclude and add. I feel that since we live in a computer age that procedures, risks, sedation, who's involved, etc (...) , , further supports critical illness/ICU experience being sufficiently traumatic to cause PTSD. It states: ...Among patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), a meta-analysis of outcomes for survivors, during the first 6 months after ICU discharge, indicated a pooled prevalence for clinically important posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms of 25%. Acute stress while in the ICU and early memories of frightening ICU experiences (eg, hallucinations, paranoid delusions, and nightmares)1 have

2019 Bioethics Discussion Blog

127. Implementing Collaborative TB-HIV Activities: A Programmatic Guide

, Benin 66 7.2 Attachment system provides hands-on learning in TB-HIV services, Zimbabwe 67 vi CONTENTSPreface In countries with a generalised AIDS epidemic, the human immunode? - ciency virus (HIV) infection remains the leading risk factor for the devel- opment of tuberculosis (TB) disease. TB is also the foremost cause of death among people living with HIV. 1 While many countries have made progress in implementing collabo- rative TB-HIV activities, others still face challenges in institutionalising (...) them within their national TB and AIDS control programmes and general health services. Understanding the health system, as well as staff, patient and community-related factors that hinder the expansion of joint TB-HIV services is important. To mitigate the dual burden of TB and HIV infection in populations affected by both, the World Health Organization released the Interim Policy on Collaborative TB-HIV Activities in 2004 which was updated in 2012. 2 In spite of the availability of the policy

2012 International Union Against TB and Lung Disease

128. The Lower Anogenital Squamous Terminology Standardization Project for HPV-Associated Lesions

of Gynecologic Oncologists (SGO), Planned Parenthood, and the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP). Dr Henry receives royalties from the College of American Pathologists (CAP). Dr Luff is an employee of Quest Diagnostics and holds stock ownership in the corporation. Quest Diagnostics receives grants from GlaxoSmithKline, BD TriPath, and Hologic to support clinical trials. Dr Luff received coverage for his travel to an Endo Pharmaceuticals investigators’ meeting. He serves on the Foundation Board (...) serves on the advisory boards of Merck and Co, Pharmajet, Inc, Aura Biosciences, Inc, and the Arbor Vita Corporation. He serves as a consultant and receives grants and travel expenses from Merck and Co. Dr Palefsky receives lecture fees from the Gilead Biosciences, American Social Health Association, University of Ottawa, Thai Red Cross, University of Minnesota, University of Illinois, University of British Columbia, Louisiana State University, American Association for Cancer Research, ASCCP

2012 College of American Pathologists

129. Acute Diarrhea in Adults and Children: A Global Perspective

is reserved for prescription only in residents’ diarrhea or for inclusion in travel kits (add loperamide). Where feasible, families in localities with a high prevalence of diarrheal diseases should be encouraged to store a few ORS packets and zinc tablets if there are children under the age of five in the family for initiating home therapy as soon as diarrhea starts. Home-made oral fluid recipe Preparing 1 L of oral fluid using salt, sugar and water at home. The ingredients to be mixed are: • One level (...) ) causes traveler’s diarrhea. • Enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) rarely causes disease in adults. • Enteroinvasive E. coli (EIEC)* causes bloody mucoid (dysentery) diarrhea; fever is common. • Enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC)* causes bloody diarrhea, severe hemorrhagic colitis, and the hemolytic uremic syndrome in 6–8% of cases; cattle are the predominant reservoir of infection. Pediatric details. Nearly all types cause disease in children in the developing world: • Enteroaggregative E. coli (EAggEC

2012 World Gastroenterology Organisation

130. AdenoPlus point-of-care test for diagnosing adenoviral conjunctivitis

accuracy. AdenoPlus point-of-care test for diagnosing adenoviral conjunctivitis (MIB46) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights ( conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 2 of 23T T echnical and patient factors echnical and patient factors AdenoPlus is a single-use diagnostic test. Each test kit comprises a sample collector, a test cassette and a buffer vial; the test result is available in around 10 minutes. The AdenoPlus test is intended to be used (...) the front of the eye. It may be caused by infection, allergy or an external irritant. People with infectious conjunctivitis usually present with symptoms including an irritated red eye with a watery or purulent discharge. Symptoms often appear in one eye at first and then spread to the other eye. Most people with conjunctivitis are first treated by GPs rather than eye care specialists (Azari and Barney 2013). In England, there were 4.5 million GP consultations concerning the eye in 2011–12 (Health

2015 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Advice

131. The Australian guideline for prevention, diagnosis and management of acute rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease

, but not limited to, collaborations with third parties and information provided by third parties. It is not an endorsement of any organisation, product or service. This material may be found in third parties’ programs or materials (including, but not limited to, show bags or advertising kits). This does not imply an endorsement or recommendation by the Menzies School of Health Research for such third parties’ organisations, products or services, including their materials or information. Any use of the Menzies (...) and disseminate evidence- based, best practice guidelines; developing education, training and health professional resources; provide support to jurisdictional RHD control programs; and increase community awareness of ARF/RHD and its prevention. Approaches to disease prevention The prevention of disease may be undertaken at a number of different levels. Primordial and primary prevention aims to stop a disease occurring in the first place, while secondary and tertiary prevention aim to limit the progression

2012 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

132. Home Modifications in Aboriginal Housing

-solving strategies and solutions to aid service providers in tackling this complexity. The checklist and literature review recommend a range of functional improvements to housing that are realistic for use in remote environments and present distinct benefits for service providers and tenants alike. This paper also indicates areas in which further research is most vital to further develop our understanding of these challenges and how to address them. Increased understanding of the key issues (...) requirements for people with CVD. When designing effective home environments for functionally independent people with hypertensive disease or other disease of the circulatory system, it should be anticipated that they may require carers and mobility aids in the future. In instances where hypertension results in stroke, there is risk of acquired brain injury affecting neurological, psychiatric and cognitive functions (Van Velzen, Van Bennekom, Edelaar, Sluiter, & Frings-Dresen, 2009). Functional impairment

2012 Home Modification Information Clearinghouse

133. CPG for Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

SANIDAD, SERVICIOS SOCIALES E IGUALDAD Vitoria-Gasteiz, 2012 Clinical Practice Guideline for Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINTES IN THE NHS MINISTRY OF HEALTH, SOCIAL SERVICES AND EQUALITY It has been 5 years since the publication of this Clinical Practice Guideline and it is subject to updating. This CPG is an aid to decision making in health care. The compliance of this guide is not mandatory, nor does it replace the clinical judgement of the health care personnel. A co (...) (hypoglycaemia, hyperglycaemia and ketosis). • Special situations (diabetes mellitus type 1 in school, intercurrent diseas- es, food celebrations, events, travels, etc). • Psychological impact of the disease, identi? cation of prior beliefs, fears and expectations. • Insulin and glucagon injection techniques. • Self-analysis of capillary blood glucose meter techniques. • Urine self-analysis technique, measurement of ketonuria, ketonemia and i terpretation of results. It has been 5 years since the publication

2012 GuiaSalud

134. CPG for the treatment of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

actualización.Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINTES IN THE SNS MINISTRY OF HEALTH, SOCIAL SERVICES AND EQUALITY MINISTERIO Y COMPETITIVIDAD DE ECONOMÍA MINISTERIO DE SANIDAD, SERVICIOS SOCIALES E IGUALDAD Han transcurrido más de 5 años desde la publicación de esta Guía de Práctica Clínica y está pendiente su actualización.This CPG is a healthcare decision aid. It is not mandatory and it is not a substitute

2012 GuiaSalud

135. Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people

Prevention and treatment of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men and transgender people PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HIV AND OTHER SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG MEN WHO HAVE SEX WITH MEN AND TRANSGENDER PEOPLE Recommendations for a public health approach 2011 HIV/AIDS ProgrammePREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF HIV AND OTHER SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS AMONG MEN WHO HAVE SEX WITH MEN AND TRANSGENDER PEOPLE Recommendations for a public health approach (...) for asymptomatic forms of urethral and rectal N. gonorrhoeae infection using (1) NAAT and (2) culture; and periodic testing for asymptomatic forms of urethral and rectal C. trachomatis infection using NAAT 8.6.3. Periodic testing for asymptomatic syphilis infection 8.6.4. Hepatitis B vaccination 8.7. Note on oral HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis References 47 49 51 53 53 54 55 57 57 59 61 61 68 71 73 74 767 ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome ART antiretroviral therapy CDC Centers

2011 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

136. Planning guide for the health sector response to HIV

Planning guide for the health sector response to HIV Planning guide for the health Sector reSPonSe to hiV/aidS hiv/aids ProgrammePlanning guide for the health Sector reSPonSe to hiV/aidSWHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Planning guide for the health sector response to HIV. 1.HIV infections - prevention and control. 2.HIV infections - epidemiology. 3.Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome - prevention and control. 4.Health care sector. 5.Health planning. 6.National health programs. 7 (...) Organization to verify the information contained in this publication. However, the published material is being distributed without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied. The responsibility for the interpretation and use of the material lies with the reader. In no event shall the World Health Organization be liable for damages arising from its use. 1 This guide was developed by the Department of HIV/AIDS of the World Health Organization. The work was led by the Planning T eam which was comprised

2011 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

137. Guidelines for the prescription of a seated wheelchair or mobility scooter for people with a traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury

/Resources.aspx © EnableNSW and Lifetime Care & Support Authority First edition 2011 A guideline review is scheduled for 2016 It is anticipated that a literature search will be undertaken and the guidelines reviewed and updated where appropriate in 2016. Guidelines for the prescription of a seated wheelchair or mobility scooter for people with a traumatic brain injury or spinal cord injury 3 Working party members Name Position Organisation Jeanine Allaous Senior Occupational Therapist Brain Injury Royal (...) understand Indigenous (Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander) protocols and to work with Indigenous people in a way that is culturally respectful education-kit/protocols/. There are also resources and information on cross- cultural issues related to health care for patients from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. A range of support tools—practice guides, handbooks and resources for health professionals—can be downloaded from the Queensland Department

2011 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

138. A Study of Lorlatinib in Advanced ALK and ROS1 Rearranged Lung Cancer With CNS Metastasis in the Absence of Measurable Extracranial Lesions

provider before participating. Read our for details. Identifier: NCT02927340 Recruitment Status : Recruiting First Posted : October 7, 2016 Last Update Posted : June 12, 2018 See Sponsor: Massachusetts General Hospital Information provided by (Responsible Party): Alice Shaw, Massachusetts General Hospital Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: This research study is studying a drug as a possible treatment for ALK-positive or ROS1-positive non-small cell lung cancer (...) . In this research study, the investigators are trying to determine whether lorlatinib is effective in controlling the growth of cancer cells after they have spread to the CNS. Another purpose of this study is to determine why the cancer cells that have spread to the participant CNS have continued to grow despite treatment with other drugs. For this reason, blood samples will be collected as part of this study to assess the DNA released by the participants cancer cells into their blood when the cells travel

2016 Clinical Trials

139. Be Prepared to Stay Safe and Healthy in Winter

include: blankets; food and water; booster cables, flares, tire pump, and a bag of sand or cat litter (for traction); compass and maps; flashlight, battery-powered radio, and extra batteries; first-aid kit; and plastic bags (for sanitation). Equip in advance for emergencies When planning travel, be aware of current and forecast weather conditions. Be prepared for weather-related emergencies, including power outages. Stock food that needs no cooking or refrigeration and water stored in clean containers (...) . Ensure that your cell phone is fully charged. When planning travel, be aware of current and forecast weather conditions. Keep an up-to-date emergency kit, including: Battery-operated devices, such as a flashlight, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio, and lamps; extra batteries; first-aid kit and extra medicine; baby items; and cat litter or sand for icy walkways. Protect your family from carbon monoxide. Keep grills, camp stoves, and generators out of the house

2016 CDC Your Health - Your Environment Blog

140. Innovative technologies could save millions of lives in the developing world

to tackle a similar problem. It has manufactured the first solar-powered hearing aid unit, Solar Ear. This technology is game-changing in a country where there are only 12 audiologists and five audiology centers for a population of over two million. In India, Saathi developed a fully biodegradable sanitary pad with the core made from waste banana tree fiber. Through such a groundbreaking innovation local farmers are supported as their work is needed to the production of pads while the biodegradable (...) created 3-D models and a virtual reality reproduction of a recently designed facility in the Philippines that was built to help people after a 2013 typhoon. In Haiti, the organization Field Ready is working on 3-D printing on-demand birthing kits, including umbilical clamps, simple little things such as oxygen splitters for oxygen tanks, and they also encourage small scale manufacturing of agricultural tools via 3-D printing. Another startup, re3D under its Give-a-Bot program offers its Gigabot

2016 KevinMD blog

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