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81. Biobehavioural survey guidelines for populations at risk for HIV

Mills of FHI 360; staff of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS); Jesus Garcia Calleja of WHO; Thomas Rehle of the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC); Tobi Saidel of PEMA Partners; and Ted Alcorn of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Reviewers Maxia Dong, Shahul Ebrahim, Avi Hakim, Wolfgang Hladik, Amy Herman-Roloff, Andrea Kim, Rachel Kwezi, Sheryl Lyss, John Macom, Chris Murrill, Patrick Nadol, Sanny Chen Northbrook, Bharat Parekh, Nita Patel, Dimitri Prybylski, Ray (...) to this document: Ashley Burson and Laura Porter of CDC; Helen Coelho, Amanda Geller, Seseni Nu, Betty Treschitta and Almeta West of ICF International, Vanessa Brown of the Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator; Maria Au, and Tisha Wheeler of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and Emily Crawford (formerly with USAID) The findings, conclusions and recommendations in this report do not necessarily represent the official position of the CDC. Funding to support this work is from

2017 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

82. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2017 Update: A Report From the American Heart Association Full Text available with Trip Pro

amputation, as well as shorter hospital length of stay. • Endovascular repair may yield better outcomes in the first few years, but after 8 years of follow-up in one study, the open repair group and the endovas- cular repair group demonstrated similar survival. Of note, individuals in the endovascular repair group had a higher rate of eventual aneurysm rupture (5.4%) than patients who underwent open repair (1.4%). Quality of Care (Chapter 25) • Overall, inpatient quality of care for patients with acute (...) electronic files on mortality. The first set of statistics for each disease in this Up- date includes the number of deaths for which the disease is the underlying cause. Two exceptions are Chapter 9 (High Blood Pressure) and Chapter 20 (Coronary Heart Disease, Acute Coronary Syndrome, and Angina Pecto- ris). HBP, or hypertension, increases the mortality risks of CVD and other diseases, and HF should be selected as an underlying cause only when the true underlying cause is not known. In this Update

2017 American Heart Association

83. Management of Opioid Therapy (OT) for Chronic Pain

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD) Evidence-Based Practice Work Group (EBPWG) was established and first chartered in 2004, with a mission to advise the “…Health Executive Council on the use of clinical and epidemiological evidence to improve the health of the population across the Veterans Health Administration and Military Health System,” by facilitating the development of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the VA and DoD populations.[1] This CPG is intended (...) as their first opioid, while in the 2000s, 75% of people entering treatment for heroin use started using prescription opioids as their first opioid.[20] This increase in the use of opioids, as well as associated morbidity, V A / D o D Cli ni cal P r a cti ce G ui d el i n e f o r O p ioid T h e r a p y for Ch r on ic Pa in February 2017 Page 16 of 198 mortality, and other adverse outcomes, has called attention to the need for a paradigm shift in pain and in the way it is treated. Consult the VA/DoD Clinical

2017 VA/DoD Clinical Practice Guidelines

84. Cerumen Impaction Full Text available with Trip Pro

. A major goal of the GUG was to be transparent and explicit about how values were applied and to document the process. Financial Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest The cost of developing this guideline, including travel expenses of all panel members, was covered in full by the AAO-HNSF. Potential conflicts of interest for all panel members in the past 5 years were compiled and distributed before the first conference call. After review and discussion of these disclosures, the panel concluded (...) Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA14American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, Alexandria, Virginia, USA by this author for this author ... First Published January 3, 2017 Research Article Article Information Volume: 156 issue: 1_suppl, page(s): S1-S29 Article first published online: January 3, 2017; Issue published: January 1, 2017 This article is part of the following special collection(s): , MD, MPH 1 , , MD, MPH 2 , , MD

2017 American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

85. Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Infectious Diarrhea Full Text available with Trip Pro

. , , , , EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The following evidence-based guidelines for management of infants, children, adolescents, and adults in the United States with acute or persistent infectious diarrhea were prepared by an expert panel assembled by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and replace guidelines published in 2001 [ ]. Public health aspects of diarrhea associated with foodborne and waterborne diarrhea, international travel, antimicrobial agents, immunocompromised hosts, animal exposure, certain (...) can be found online in the full text of the guidelines. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF INFECTIOUS DIARRHEA Clinical, Demographic, and Epidemiologic Features I. In people with diarrhea, which clinical, demographic, or epidemiologic features have diagnostic or management implications? (Tables 1–3) Table 1. Modes of Acquisition of Enteric Organisms and Sources of Guidelines Mode Title URL Author/Issuing Agency International travel Expert Review of the Evidence Base for Prevention

2017 Infectious Diseases Society of America

86. Clinical Practice Guideline for Screening and Management of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents

and Adolescents A detailed description of the methodology used to conduct the literature search and systematic review for this clinical practice guideline will be included in the forthcoming technical report. In brief, reference selection involved a multistep process. First, 2 subcommittee members reviewed the titles and abstracts of references identified for each key question. The epidemiologist provided a deciding vote when required. Next, 2 subcommittee members and the epidemiologist conducted full-text (...) adult guideline and facilitate the management of older adolescents with high BP. The percentile-based values in and are provided to aid researchers and others interested in a more precise classification of BP. 3.2a. Simplified BP Table This guideline includes a new, simplified table for initial BP screening (see ) based on the 90th percentile BP for age and sex for children at the 5th percentile of height, which gives the values in the table a negative predictive value of >99%. This simplified table

2017 American Academy of Pediatrics

87. Diagnosis of Tuberculosis in Adults and Children: Official ATS/IDSA/CDC Clinical Practice Guidelines

; accepted 14 October 2016. by guest on January 10, 2017 http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/ Downloaded from e2 • CID 2017:64 (15 January) • Lewinsohn et al acceptable alternative, especially in situations where an IGRA is not available, too costly, or too burdensome. • There are insufficient data to recommend a preference for either a TST or an IGRA as the first-line diagnostic test in individuals 5 years or older who are likely to be infected with Mtb, who have a high risk of progression to disease (...) to recom- mend a preference for either a TST or an IGRA as the first-line diagnostic test in individuals 5 years or older who are likely to be infected with Mtb, who have a high risk of progression to disease, and in whom it has been determined that diagnostic testing for LTBI is warranted. by guest on January 10, 2017 http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/ Downloaded from Diagnosis of TB in Adults and Children • CID 2017:64 (15 January) • e13 Rationale The committee judged the body of evidence insufficient

2017 American Thoracic Society

88. Community design factors and their influence on physical activity in the aging population: A Rapid Review

? Issue and Context With a significant demographic shift towards an aging population, Peel Public Health would like to determine how well its approach to creating healthy communities addresses the specific attributes of the aging population. As older adults travel less frequently outside their own neighbourhood and have more mobility limitations, they may be more vulnerable to the influence of the built environment. Physical activity levels also decline with age. Emerging evidence indicates (...) , recreation and open space. Convenient access to public transportation and options for safe, non- motorized travel is also provided (1). Density refers to a measurement of the number of families, individuals, employees, dwelling units, households or housing structures per unit of land area. Land use mix refers to the composition of housing types, services, and employment in an area. i Unless otherwise indicated, definitions are taken from the Health Background Study Framework (2011) which can be accessed

2017 Peel Health Library

89. Consolidated guideline on sexual and reproductive health and rights of women living with HIV

(Department of Reproductive Health and Research [RHR]), Rachel Baggaley (Department of HIV/ AIDS), John Beard (Department of Ageing and Life Course [ALC]), Ana Pilar Betrán Lazaga (Department of RHR), Francoise Bigirimana (WHO Regional Office for Africa), Sonja Caffe (WHO Regional Office for the Americas/Pan American Health Organization [PAHO]), Rebekah Bosco Thomas (Gender, Equity and Human Rights T eam), Nathalie Broutet (Department of RHR), T arun Dua (Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse (...) [MSD]), Shaffiq Essajee (Department of HIV/AIDS), Jane Ferguson (Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health [MCA]), Mario Festin (Department of RHR), Bela Ganatra (Department of RHR), Claudia García Moreno (Department of RHR), Fahmy Hanna (Department of MSD), Rajat Khosla (Department of RHR), Gunta Lazdane (WHO Regional Office for Europe), Ramez Mahaini (WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean), Léopold Ouedraogo (WHO Regional Office for Africa), Razia Pendse (WHO

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

90. Physical activity: exercise referral schemes

to participants (including travel and childcare costs) was not considered in the economic model. 4.17 The PHAC noted that any increase in physical activity is associated with positive health benefits. But unless people achieved the CMOs' recommended levels of activity, these benefits were not captured in the economic modelling. This means that the true gains from exercise referral schemes are likely to be underestimated by the model. However, the economic model used is comparable to that used to assess (...) exercise referral tool kit. Members also noted that this training could help alleviate concerns about possible litigation issues. The latter was highlighted as a significant barrier to referral in review 2 undertaken for this guideline. Physical activity: exercise referral schemes (PH54) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 22 of 464.29 The PHAC noted that the range of physical activities provided is a key

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

91. Oral health: local authorities and partners

economic, social, environmental circumstances or lifestyle place them at high risk of poor oral health or make it difficult for them to access dental services. It is not possible to provide a comprehensive list of all these groups, but they include people: who are homeless or frequently move, such as traveller communities who are socially isolated or excluded who are older and frail Oral health: local authorities and partners (PH55) © NICE 2018. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https (...) staff in health, children and adult services to use every opportunity to promote oral health and to emphasise its links with general health and wellbeing. Ensure easy access to services to help prevent oral disease occurring in the first place and to prevent it worsening or recurring for everyone, throughout their lives. Evaluate what works for whom, when and in what circumstances. Monitor and evaluate the effect of the local oral health improvement strategy as a whole. Recommendation 5 Ensure

2014 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

92. Community monitoring interventions to curb corruption and increase access and quality of service delivery in low? and middle?income countries: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

‐mail: First published: 15 November 2016 Citations: Linked article: . Give access Share full text access Please review our and check box below to share full-text version of article. I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Shareable Link Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Copy URL Share a link Share on ). There is increasing evidence that corruption holds back countries’ economic development and erodes (...) is given the opportunity to participate in the process of monitoring service delivery, where monitoring means being able to observe and assess providers' performance and provide feedback to providers and politicians. The Association for the Empowerment of Workers and Farmers in India was the first organization to introduce a social accountability initiative, through social audits in the early 1990s ( ). 2 The word ‘audit’ is derived from Latin, which means ‘to hear'. In ancient times, emperors used

2016 Campbell Collaboration

93. The effects of school?based decision?making on educational outcomes in low? and middle?income contexts: a systematic review Full Text available with Trip Pro

‐based decision‐making on educational outcomes in low‐ and middle‐income contexts: a systematic review UCL Institute of Education Corresponding Author E-mail address: UCL Institute of Education Corresponding author Caine Rolleston UCL Institute of Education, London E‐mail: UCL Institute of Education UCL Institute of Education Corresponding Author E-mail address: UCL Institute of Education Corresponding author Caine Rolleston UCL Institute of Education, London E‐mail: UCL Institute of Education First (...) methodology, we have considered different kinds of evidence in relation to our two review sub‐questions. As the first review question is question of ‘effectiveness', the studies included for synthesis needed to have an appropriate comparator or control group (or to have employed an appropriate method of constructing a counterfactual or control for confounding during analysis). However, a broader range of evidence, including studies based on qualitative data, were reviewed in response to the second sub

2016 Campbell Collaboration

94. Handbook on using the ECDC preparedness checklist tool to strengthen preparedness against communicable disease outbreaks at migrant reception/detention centres

, preventing the outbreak from occurring in the first place by assessing the vulnerabilities/susceptibilities of the population hosted at the reception/detention centre. This involves the rapid identification and clinical/public health management (isolation if appropriate, or treatment) of any contagious individual who could potentially become an index case of an outbreak. Medium-term migrant reception/detention centres do not always receive migrants immediately upon arrival. If migrants are not offered (...) settings to prevent, detect and control communicable disease (details on the scoping review methodology and main findings are available in Box 1). The scope and structure of the tool described in this document are based on the review. One of the first elements adopted from the scoping review was the identification of the appropriate scope for the tool. The tool assesses preparedness capacity in relation to the medium-term accommodation of migrants within centres, thereby complementing an existing tool

2016 European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control - Technical Guidance

95. Informal (Peer-to-Peer) Milk Sharing: The Use of Unpasteurized Donor Human Milk

? ? ? ? ? 38Perinatal Services BC Informal (Peer-to-Peer) Milk Sharing 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND KEY MESSAGES Breastfeeding is the “normal and unequalled method of feeding infants and young children”? 1 Breastfeeding — exclusively for the first six months and continued for up to two years or longer with appropriate complementary feeding — is important for the nutrition, immunologic protection, growth, and development of infants and toddlers? A mother’s own milk for her own child is the biologic norm and the optimum (...) is the normal and unequalled method of feeding infants”? 1 According to Health Canada, breastfeeding — exclusively for the first six months and continued for up to two years or longer with appropriate complementary feeding — is important for the nutrition, immunologic protection, growth, and development of infants and toddlers? 10 When every agency and health care provider working with expectant and young families offers evidence-informed care, such as those based on the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Initiative

2016 British Columbia Perinatal Health Program

96. Obesity: working with local communities

and education levels. Developing communication strategies that are sensitive to language use and information requirements. For example, they involve staff who can speak the languages used by the community. In addition, they may provide information in different languages and for varying levels of literacy (for example, by using colour-coded visual aids and the spoken rather than the written word). T aking account of cultural or religious values, for example, the need for separate physical activity sessions (...) and balanced diet, or opportunities to use more physically active modes of travel consider inequalities and the social determinants of obesity consider local evidence on obesity (such as data from the National Child Measurement Programme). Health and wellbeing boards should ensure tackling obesity is one of the strategic priorities of the joint health and wellbeing strategy (based on needs identified in JSNAs). Health and wellbeing boards and local authority chief executive officers should encourage

2012 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

97. The Effects of Training, Innovation and New Technology on African Smallholder Farmers' Economic Outcomes and Food Security: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bunting Road campus, Auckland Park Johannesburg, 2006 South Africa E‐mail: First published: 01 September 2015 Citations: Linked article: . Give access Share full text access Please review our and check box below to share full-text version of article. I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Shareable Link Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Copy URL Share a link Share on ): farms on which labour (...) extension workers. In these programmes, smallholder farmers travel to local research sites where extension activities are conducted. In contrast to the on–field visits, no farming inputs are provided to farmers and the training is less participatory. Lastly, in the most rudimental form, training can be facilitated by the mere provision of agricultural guidebooks. In an effort to save staffing costs — a major factor disabling the sustainability of JICA's work — a pilot programme produced detailed

2015 Campbell Collaboration

98. Economic Self?Help group Programs for Improving Women's Empowerment: A Systematic Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Corresponding Author E-mail address: Touro University 1301 Club Drive Mare Island Vallejo, California 94592 USA E‐mail: Corresponding Author E-mail address: Touro University 1301 Club Drive Mare Island Vallejo, California 94592 USA E‐mail: First published: 02 November 2015 Citations: Linked article: . Give access Share full text access Please review our and check box below to share full-text version of article. I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use. Shareable Link Use (...) ‐generating group programs are that giving women access to working capital can increase their ability to “generate choices and exercise bargaining power as well as develop a sense of self‐worth, a belief in one's ability to secure desired changes, and the right to control one's life” (UN, 2000). SHGs of women could facilitate these goals through the development of social capital and mobilization of women (IFAD, 2003). 1.2 DESCRIPTION OF THE INTERVENTION SHGs, also known as mutual aid or support groups

2015 Campbell Collaboration

99. Making decisions: Choices for women aged 55-64 years:Should you have a test to screen for bowel cancer?

Professor Phyllis Butow Professor Judy Simpson Professor Donald Nutbeam Ann Dixon Monika Wadolowski ContACt DetAilS: Screening and Test Evaluation Program (STEP) School of Public Health Edward Ford Building A27 The University of Sydney NSW 2006 AUSTRALIA Acknowledgments: The decision aid was developed using the decision support format of the Ottawa Health Decision Centre at the University of Ottawa and Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ontario, Canada. This booklet was illustrated by Fiona Katauskas (...) you start, ask your doctor: • If she or he has time to discuss your questions • To explain any words you do not understand 1. Which bowel cancer risk group am I in? (see page 4) 2. If I had screening, what are my chances of dying from bowel cancer in the next 10 years? (see pages 12 – 19) 3. If I do not have screening, what are my chances of dying from bowel cancer in the next 10 years? (see pages 12 – 19) 4. If I want to do the test, how do I do it? (see test kit instructions) 5. What happens

2015 SickKids Supportive Care Guidelines

100. Making decisions: Choices for men aged 55-64 years:Should you have a test to screen for bowel cancer?

Phyllis Butow Professor Judy Simpson Professor Donald Nutbeam Ann Dixon Monika Wadolowski ContACt DetAilS: Screening and Test Evaluation Program (STEP) School of Public Health Edward Ford Building A27 The University of Sydney NSW 2006 AUSTRALIA Acknowledgments: The decision aid was developed using the decision support format of the Ottawa Health Decision Centre at the University of Ottawa and Ottawa Health Research Institute, Ontario, Canada. This booklet was illustrated by Fiona Katauskas (...) start, ask your doctor: • If she or he has time to discuss your questions • To explain any words you do not understand 1. Which bowel cancer risk group am I in? (see page 4) 2. If I had screening, what are my chances of dying from bowel cancer in the next 10 years? (see pages 12 – 19) 3. If I do not have screening, what are my chances of dying from bowel cancer in the next 10 years? (see pages 12 – 19) 4. If I want to do the test, how do I do it? (see test kit instructions) 5. What happens if I have

2015 SickKids Supportive Care Guidelines

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