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Finger-Nose-Finger Test

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1. Does relative motion regime (including the use of a Yoke splint) provide improved outcomes (finger ROM, strength, with fewer complications of tenolysis and reduced ruptured rates) compared to usual care in the rehabilitation of finger extensor tendon repa

Does relative motion regime (including the use of a Yoke splint) provide improved outcomes (finger ROM, strength, with fewer complications of tenolysis and reduced ruptured rates) compared to usual care in the rehabilitation of finger extensor tendon repa Getting Evidence into Clinical Practice: Musculoskeletal Research Facilitation Group (CAT Group) Date: 3 rd August 2018 CAT Lead: Amanda Heath Date CAT completed: 3/08/18 Email: Amanda.Heath2@uhnm.nhs.uk Date CAT to be reviewed: July 2020 (...) Specific Question: Does the Relative motion regime (including the use a Yoke splint) provide improved outcomes (finger ROM, strength, with fewer complications of tenolysis and reduced rupture rates) compared to usual care in the rehabilitation of finger extensor tendon repairs in zones 4 to 7? (Usual care includes static and dynamic splints with exercise regimes). Clinical bottom line There is no high-quality evidence comparing usual care with ‘relative motion’ regimes using the Yoke splint. Why

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2018 Public Health England

2. Educating Paramedics on the Finger-to-Nose Test Improves Recognition of Posterior Stroke. (PubMed)

Educating Paramedics on the Finger-to-Nose Test Improves Recognition of Posterior Stroke. Background and Purpose- Emergency medical services (EMS) stroke recognition facilitates rapid care, however, prehospital stroke screening tools rely on signs that are often absent in posterior circulation strokes. We hypothesized that addition of the finger-to-nose (FTN) test to the Cincinnati Prehospital Stroke Scale would improve EMS posterior stroke recognition. Methods- In this controlled before (...) and after study of consecutive EMS transported posterior ischemic strokes, paramedics in a single EMS agency received in-person training in the use of the FTN test. Paramedics at 2 other local EMS agencies served as controls. We compared the change in posterior stroke recognition, door-to-CT times, and alteplase delivery between the FTN (intervention) and control agencies. Results- Over 21 months, 51 posterior circulation strokes were transported by the FTN agency and 88 in the control agencies

2019 Stroke

3. Finger-Nose-Finger Test

Finger-Nose-Finger Test Finger-Nose-Finger Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Finger-Nose-Finger Test Finger-Nose (...) -Finger Test Aka: Finger-Nose-Finger Test , Finger-Nose-Finger , Finger-Nose Ataxia , Finger-To-Finger Test , Point-To-Point Test II. Indications evaluation III. Technique Patient starts seated or standing Arms abducted at to 90 degrees s flexed to 90 degrees Examiner places their index finger at various locations in front of the patient Finger is at a distance that requires patient to extend their elbow to reach the target Patient uses their index finger on one hand Patient touches their index finger

2018 FP Notebook

4. Effect of room temperature on tests for diagnosing vibration-induced white finger: finger rewarming times and finger systolic blood pressures (PubMed)

Effect of room temperature on tests for diagnosing vibration-induced white finger: finger rewarming times and finger systolic blood pressures This study investigates the effects of room temperature on two standard tests used to assist the diagnosis of vibration-induced white finger (VWF): finger rewarming times and finger systolic blood pressures.Twelve healthy males and twelve healthy females participated in four sessions to obtain either finger skin temperatures (FSTs) during cooling (...) and rewarming of the hand or finger systolic blood pressures (FSBPs) after local cooling of the fingers to 15 and 10 °C. The measures were obtained with the room temperature at either 20 or 28 °C.There were lower baseline finger skin temperatures, longer finger rewarming times, and lower finger systolic blood pressures with the room temperature at 20 than 28 °C. However, percentage reductions in FSBP at 15 and 10 °C relative to 30 °C (i.e. %FSBP) did not differ between the two room temperatures. Females had

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2017 International archives of occupational and environmental health

5. The added value of kinematic evaluation of the timed finger-to-nose test in persons post-stroke (PubMed)

The added value of kinematic evaluation of the timed finger-to-nose test in persons post-stroke Upper limb coordination in persons post-stroke may be estimated by the commonly used Finger-to-Nose Test (FNT), which is also part of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment. The total movement time (TMT) is used as a clinical outcome measure, while kinematic evaluation also enables an objective quantification of movement quality and motor performance. Our aims were to kinematically characterize FNT performance (...) of movement units, path ratio, and pointing accuracy), elbow/shoulder joints (range of motion, interjoint coordination), and scapular/trunk movement were calculated. Our analysis focused on the pointing phase (knee to nose movement of the FNT). Independent t or Mann-Whitney U tests and effect sizes were used to analyze group differences. Sub-group analyses based on movement time and stroke severity were performed. Within the stroke group, simple and multiple linear regression were used to identify

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2017 Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation

6. Does the Finger-to-Nose Test measure upper limb coordination in chronic stroke? (PubMed)

Does the Finger-to-Nose Test measure upper limb coordination in chronic stroke? We aimed to kinematically validate that the time to perform the Finger-to-Nose Test (FNT) assesses coordination by determining its construct, convergent and discriminant validity.Experimental, criterion standard study. Both clinical and experimental evaluations were done at a research facility in a rehabilitation hospital. Forty individuals (20 individuals with chronic stroke and 20 healthy, age- and gender-matched (...) individuals) participated.. Both groups performed two blocks of 10 to-and-fro pointing movements (non-dominant/affected arm) between a sagittal target and the nose (ReachIn, ReachOut) at a self-paced speed. Time to perform the test was the main outcome. Kinematics (Optotrak, 100Hz) and clinical impairment/activity levels were evaluated. Spatiotemporal coordination was assessed with slope (IJC) and cross-correlation (LAG) between elbow and shoulder movements.Compared to controls, individuals with stroke

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2017 Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation

7. Comparison of computer-key-hold-time and alternating-finger-tapping tests for early-stage Parkinson's disease. (PubMed)

Comparison of computer-key-hold-time and alternating-finger-tapping tests for early-stage Parkinson's disease. Giancardo et al. recently introduced the neuroQWERTY index (nQi), which is a novel motor index derived from computer-key-hold-time data using an ensemble regression algorithm, to detect early-stage Parkinson's disease. Here, we derive a much simpler motor index from their hold-time data, which is the standard deviation (SD) of the hold-time fluctuations, where fluctuation is defined (...) as the difference between successive natural-log of hold time. Our results show the performance of the SD and nQi tests in discriminating early-stage subjects from controls do not differ, although the SD index is much simpler. There is also no difference in performance between the SD and alternating-finger-tapping tests.

2019 PLoS ONE

8. Does exercise or splinting in the treatment of trigger finger reduce pain, improve range of movement, grip strength, function and return to work when compared with usual care?

: carol.graham@mpft.nhs.uk 2 2 Description Search terms Population and Setting Adults 18+ in primary or secondary care setting with trigger finger/ stenosing tenosynovitis Human adults Primary/secondary care Trigger finger Stenosing tenosynovitis Intervention or Exposure (i.e. what is being tested) Physiotherapy Occupational Therapy Hand therapy Exercise Splint Orthotics Passive mobilisation Passive exercise Active exercise Active movement Stretches Splints Orthoses Comparison, if any Routine care Usual care (...) Does exercise or splinting in the treatment of trigger finger reduce pain, improve range of movement, grip strength, function and return to work when compared with usual care? Recently Reviewed and Updated CAT June 2018 Previous CAT Lead: Carol Graham Updated CAT Lead: Carol Graham Date CAT to be reviewed: 2021 Date CAT completed: June 2018 email of CAT Lead: carol.graham@mpft.nhs.uk 1 1 Short Question: Specific Question: Does exercise or splinting in the treatment of trigger finger reduce pain

2018 Public Health England

9. Finger-to-Nose Test

Finger-to-Nose Test Finger-to-Nose Test Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Finger-to-Nose Test Finger-to-Nose Test Aka (...) : Finger-to-Nose Test , Finger-To-Nose II. Indications Sideline evaluation in age over 10 years III. Preparation Patient sits in chair One arm extended Forward flexed at to 90 degrees and wrist extended IV. Technique Patient touches nose with index finger and then extends the arm fully Repeat five times within 4 seconds V. Interpretation Correct performance in the evaluation is assigned 1 point if done correctly VI. Resources ( ) Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images

2018 FP Notebook

10. Easy surveillance of muscle volume decline in chronic liver disease patients using finger-circle (yubi-wakka) test. (PubMed)

Easy surveillance of muscle volume decline in chronic liver disease patients using finger-circle (yubi-wakka) test. Muscle atrophy (MA) and muscle strength decline are important clinical features in chronic liver disease (CLD) patients. An easy to perform MA screening method without need for special equipment would be helpful. We evaluated the usefulness of the previously reported finger-circle test as screening for MA in CLD patients.We retrospectively enrolled 358 Japanese CLD outpatients (...) psoas muscle area (cm2 )/height (m)2 ] [mean PI ± standard deviation (SD) of male patients: 6.50 ± 1.13 cm2 /m2 and those of female patients: 4.30 ± 0.90 cm2 /m2 ]. We then evaluated the correlation between MA and finger-circle test results in these patients.The mean PI values for finger-circle test results Bigger, Just-fits, and Smaller were 5.64 ± 1.34, 5.00 ± 1.25, and 4.83 ± 1.46 cm2 /m2 , respectively, in male patients (P < 0.001) and 4.31 ± 1.06, 3.93 ± 0.97, and 3.42 ± 0.94 cm2 /m2

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2019 Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle

11. Acceptability and feasibility of HIV testing in general medicine by ELISA or rapid test from finger-stick whole blood. (PubMed)

Acceptability and feasibility of HIV testing in general medicine by ELISA or rapid test from finger-stick whole blood. Guidelines recommend routine universal HIV testing in adults to reduce the pool of infected patients unaware of their status, without specific recommendations concerning the method. We compared acceptability and feasibility of HIV testing by ELISA tests or rapid tests from finger-stick whole blood.Prospective randomized multi-center study comparing acceptability and feasibility (...) of routine universal HIV testing by ELISA tests, with a charge, subsequently reimbursed by Social Security for affiliated patients, or rapid tests from finger-stick whole blood, without any charge from the patients or the general practitioner for the study. A single investigator performed all interventions. After consent, all adults (18-70 years old) consulting their general practitioner in Paris, France, unaware of their status, were enrolled. Testing was performed immediately for the patients

2018 Presse medicale (Paris, France : 1983)

12. Agenesis, functional deficiency and the common type of the flexor digitorum superficialis of the little finger: A meta-analysis.

type was 37.5%. The weighted "cadaveric" prevalence of muscle absence of the FDS-5 in the forearm was 2.5% while tendon absence in the hands was nil. An expanded examination technique proved to be the most accurate test for FDS function. In case of injury, inadequate knowledge of different connections or substitutions of the FDS-5 could lead to a total loss of flexion of the little finger. These findings support the hypothesis of a dual origin of the FDS-5 where the muscle portion originates (...) Agenesis, functional deficiency and the common type of the flexor digitorum superficialis of the little finger: A meta-analysis. Agenesis, functional deficiency and the common type of the flexor digitorum superficialis of the little finger are reported in the literature to be highly variable with significant discrepancy between clinical and cadaveric frequencies. The aim of this systematic review was to generate overall clinical and cadaveric weighted frequencies, along with ancestry-based

2018 Hand surgery & rehabilitation

13. Comparing the diagnostic performance of radiation dose-equivalent radiography, multi-detector computed tomography and cone beam computed tomography for finger fractures - A phantom study. (PubMed)

Comparing the diagnostic performance of radiation dose-equivalent radiography, multi-detector computed tomography and cone beam computed tomography for finger fractures - A phantom study. To compare the diagnostic performance and raters´confidence of radiography, radiography equivalent dose multi-detector computed tomography (RED-MDCT) and radiography equivalent dose cone beam computed tomography (RED-CBCT) for finger fractures.Fractures were inflicted artificially and randomly to 10 cadaveric (...) hands of body donors. Radiography as well as RED-MDCT and RED-CBCT imaging were performed at dose settings equivalent to radiography. Images were de-identified and analyzed by three radiologists regarding finger fractures, joint involvement and confidence with their findings. Reference standard was consensus reading by two radiologists of the fracturing protocol and high-dose multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) images. Sensitivity and specificity were calculated and compared with Cochrane´s Q

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2019 PLoS ONE

14. Do gestures retain mental associations with their iconic origins, even after they become emblematic? An analysis of the middle-finger gesture among American English speakers. (PubMed)

of gesture users. Two experiments tested the hypothesis that viewing the Middle-Finger primes thoughts about penises or the word penis. The results showed that the Middle-Finger induced no priming of penis compared with control, unlike another obscene penis-representing gesture (Finger-Bang), which did. This suggests that the Middle-Finger no longer activates thoughts of penises in the minds of contemporary American English speakers. Emblematic gestures with iconic origins may undergo historical change (...) Do gestures retain mental associations with their iconic origins, even after they become emblematic? An analysis of the middle-finger gesture among American English speakers. What concepts and words do communicative gestures activate in the minds of people who view them? It's widely believed that many gestures grow from iconic origins-they look like what they mean-but also that at some point they may become emblematic-conventionalized as culturally agreed-upon symbols. How long do links between

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2019 PLoS ONE

15. Comprehensive genomic survey, structural classification and expression analysis of C2H2 zinc finger protein gene family in Brassica rapa L. (PubMed)

Comprehensive genomic survey, structural classification and expression analysis of C2H2 zinc finger protein gene family in Brassica rapa L. C2H2 zinc finger protein (ZFP) genes have been extensively studied in many organisms and can function as transcription factors and be involved in many biological processes including plant growth and development and stress responses. In the current study, a comprehensive genomics analysis of the C2H2-ZFP genes in B. rapa was performed. A total of 301 B. rapa (...) results showed that about one-third of these B. rapa C2H2-ZFP genes were originated from segmental duplication caused by the WGT around 13 to 17 MYA, one-third of them were highly and consecutively expressed in all tested tissues, and 92% of them were located in nucleus by prediction supporting then their functional roles as transcription factors, of which some may play important roles in plant growth and development. The Ka/Ks ratios of 264 orthologous C2H2-ZFP gene pairs between A. thaliana and B

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2019 PLoS ONE

16. Critical role of the finger loop in arrestin binding to the receptors. (PubMed)

Critical role of the finger loop in arrestin binding to the receptors. We tested the interactions with four different G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) of arrestin-3 mutants with substitutions in the four loops, three of which contact the receptor in the structure of the arrestin-1-rhodopsin complex. Point mutations in the loop at the distal tip of the N-domain (Glu157Ala), in the C-loop (Phe255Ala), back loop (Lys313Ala), and one of the mutations in the finger loop (Gly65Pro) had mild (...) variable effects on receptor binding. In contrast, the deletion of Gly65 at the beginning of the finger loop reduced the binding to all GPCRs tested, with the binding to dopamine D2 receptor being affected most dramatically. Thus, the presence of a glycine at the beginning of the finger loop appears to be critical for the arrestin-receptor interaction.

2019 PLoS ONE

17. A Novel Prokaryotic Green Fluorescent Protein Expression System for Testing Gene Editing Tools Activity Like Zinc Finger Nuclease (PubMed)

A Novel Prokaryotic Green Fluorescent Protein Expression System for Testing Gene Editing Tools Activity Like Zinc Finger Nuclease Gene editing technology has created a revolution in the field of genome editing. The three of the most famous tools in gene editing technology are zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), and CRISPR-associated systems. As their predictable nature, it is necessary

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2017 Advanced biomedical research

18. “I think it is right”: a qualitative exploration of the acceptability and desired future use of oral swab and finger-prick HIV self-tests by lay users in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa (PubMed)

“I think it is right”: a qualitative exploration of the acceptability and desired future use of oral swab and finger-prick HIV self-tests by lay users in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa The uptake of HIV testing has increased in sub-Saharan Africa over the past three decades. However, the proportion of people aware of their HIV status remains lower than required to change the pandemic. HIV self-testing (HIVST) may meet this gap. Assessment of readiness for and the acceptability of HIVST by lay (...) users in South Africa is limited. This paper presents results from a formative study designed to assess the perceived usability and acceptability of HIVST among lay users using several self-test prototypes. Fifty lay users were purposively selected from rural and peri-urban KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Acceptability of HIVST was assessed using a simple post-test quantitative assessment tool addressing confidence, ease-of-use, intended future use and willingness to pay. In-depth qualitative

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2017 BMC research notes

19. Solving Hand/Finger Pain Problems with the Pencil Test and Relative Motion Splinting (PubMed)

Solving Hand/Finger Pain Problems with the Pencil Test and Relative Motion Splinting Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text.

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2017 Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Global Open

20. Acceptability and Usability Evaluation of Finger-Stick Whole Blood HIV Self-Test as An HIV Screening Tool Adapted to The General Public in The Central African Republic (PubMed)

Acceptability and Usability Evaluation of Finger-Stick Whole Blood HIV Self-Test as An HIV Screening Tool Adapted to The General Public in The Central African Republic Opportunities for HIV testing could be enhanced by offering HIV self-testing (HIVST) in populations that fear stigma and discrimination when accessing conventional HIV counselling and testing. Field experience with HIVST was poorly reported in French-speaking African countries.To investigate the usability of HIVST in Bangui (...) , Central African Republic.The prototype self-test Exacto® Test HIV (Biosynex, Strasbourg, France) was used to assess the usability of HIVST in 300 adults living in Bangui, according to WHO technical recommendations. Simplified and easy-to-read leaflet was translated in French and Sango.Preliminary survey in 3,484 adult volunteers including students, men who have sex with men and female sex workers living in Bangui showed that previous HIV testing in conventional centres for HIV counselling and testing

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2017 The open AIDS journal

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