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227 results for

Fetal Scalp Stimulation

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221. Anabolic steroid

therapeutically in medicine to stimulate muscle growth and , induce male and treat chronic conditions, such as and . The acknowledges that AAS, in the presence of adequate diet, can contribute to increases in , often as lean mass increases and that the gains in achieved through high-intensity exercise and proper diet can be additionally increased by the use of AAS in some individuals. Health risks can be produced by long-term use or excessive doses of AAS. These effects include harmful changes in levels (...) to users. Contents Uses [ ] Medical [ ] Various AAS and related compounds. Since the discovery and synthesis of testosterone in the 1930s, AAS have been used by physicians for many purposes, with varying degrees of success. These can broadly be grouped into anabolic, androgenic, and other uses. Anabolic [ ] stimulation: For decades, AAS were the mainstay of therapy for due to , or . stimulation: AAS can be used by to treat children with . However, the availability of synthetic , which has fewer side

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2012 Wikipedia

222. Abbreviations

FSE fetal scalp electrode FSH follicle-stimulating hormone FVC forced vital capacity > greater than g gram GA general anaesthetic GABS Group A beta-haemolytic streptococcus GAD glutamic acid decarboxylase GALC galactosylceramidase GALT gut-associated lymphoid tissue GARS gait abnormality rating scale GBM glomerular basement membrane GCA giant cell arteritis G-CSF granulocyte colony-stimulating factor GDM gestational diabetes mellitus GDS Geriatric Depression Scale GHRH growth hormone-releasing (...) and ephilides NASH non-alcoholic steatohepatitis NaTHNaC National Travel Health Network and Centre NBT nitroblue tetrazolium NCS nerve conduction studies NDI nephrogenic diabetes insipidus NE niacin equivalents NESP novel erythropoiesis stimulating protein NICE National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence NICU neonatal intensive care unit NIDDM non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus NISS New Injury Severity Score NIV non-invasive ventilation nL nanolitre NNH number needed to harm NNRTI non

2008 Mentor

223. Intrapartum Fetal Monitoring

the effect of recent vaginal examination: an acceleration of FHR in response to fetal scalp stimulation is reassuring. Consider the effect of recent bedpan use, recent vomiting or vasovagal episode. Consider the effect of recent siting or topping-up of epidural analgesia infusion. Inform the co-ordinating midwife and obstetrician whenever conservative measures are implemented . Where a trace continues to be non-reassuring despite these conservative measures then observe for other suspicious FHR features (...) ECG measurement with a fetal scalp electrode) and their temporal relationship to myometrial activity and uterine contractions. The interpretation of the data collected depends on the relationship between the two traces. The aim is to identify babies who may be hypoxic, so additional assessments of fetal well-being may be made, or the baby delivered by caesarean section or instrumental vaginal birth. The technique became widely used from the 1960s onwards. Prior to this there was very little

2008 Mentor

224. Gait Training and Brain Changes in Stroke Patients

to evaluate memory and attention. Day 2: Motor testing with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). For this test, a wire coil is held on the subject's scalp. A brief electrical current passes through the coil, creating a magnetic pulse that stimulates the brain. During the stimulation, the subject may be asked to tense certain muscles slightly or perform other simple actions to help position the coil properly. The stimulation may cause a twitch in the leg muscles, and the subject may hear a click (...) of alcohol or drug abuse or severe language disturbances (aphasia) have uncontrolled medical problems, such as heart, lung or kidney disease, epilepsy or diabetes mellitus, are pregnant. Since the effects of MRI and TMS on fetal development are unknown, women of childbearing age will have pregnancy test prior to the study and pregnant women will be excluded. have a cardiac pacemaker, intracardiac lines, implanted medication pumps, neural stimulators, metal in the cranium, with the exception or dental

2006 Clinical Trials

225. Neuraxial Versus Systemic Analgesia for Latent Phase Labor Effect on Rate of Operative Delivery

continuous external electronic fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring and tocodynamometry. Internal fetal scalp electrodes were placed when the external tracing was not interpretable, and intrauterine pressure catheters were used to measure the intensity of contractions when deemed necessary by the obstetricians. Artificial rupture of membranes was performed, and nurses titrated oxytocin infusions according to institutional protocol. Indication for Cesarean Delivery [ Time Frame: At time of decision (...) delivery rate. Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase Labor Pain Pregnancy Procedure: combined spinal epidural analgesia Procedure: late analgesia (systemic) Not Applicable Detailed Description: Women in early labor frequently request pain medication. Obstetricians may prescribe narcotics (administered as an intravenous (IV) or intramuscular (IM) injection). However, IV or IM narcotics provide incomplete pain relief and have maternal and fetal/neonatal side effects, e.g., maternal drowsiness

2006 Clinical Trials

226. Use of Intrapartum Biophysical Profile When Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring is Non-reassuring in Labor

is uncomfortable about or feels does not absolutely provide fetal reassurance. Inclusive FHR patterns will be repetitive late decelerations, recurrent moderate to severe variable decelerations, reduced long or short-term variability, prolonged bradycardia (<120/min) that resolves, persistent fetal tachycardia (>160/min for >60 min,) or any other FHR patterns necessitating further fetal well being evaluation (like scalp pH or scalp stimulation). Exclusion Criteria: Multiple gestation Gestational age < 35 weeks (...) Use of Intrapartum Biophysical Profile When Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring is Non-reassuring in Labor Use of Intrapartum Biophysical Profile When Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring is Non-reassuring in Labor - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove

2007 Clinical Trials

227. Intrapartum fetal stimulation tests: a meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Intrapartum fetal stimulation tests: a meta-analysis. To assess the performance of stimulation tests for the prediction of intrapartum fetal acidemia.We conducted a MEDLINE (Internet Grateful Med) literature review from 1966 to 2000 using the terms "fetal scalp pH," "fetal scalp stimulation," and "fetal acoustic stimulation."Articles were included if sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values for intrapartum fetal acidemia could be calculated. Reactivity was a fetal heart rate (FHR (...) sensitivity and specificity, is independent of prevalence, and avoids the limitations of traditional predictive values.Eleven of 512 articles met criteria for inclusion and included four stimulation tests - fetal scalp puncture, Allis clamp scalp stimulation, vibroacoustic stimulation, and digital scalp stimulation. Pooled likelihood ratio and 95% CIs were similar among the four different stimulation tests. Each test was very useful at predicting both the lack of and the presence of fetal acidemia

2002 Obstetrics and Gynecology

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