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Fetal Head Circumference

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101. Investigating the Structured Use of Ultrasound Scanning for Fetal Growth

collected ultrasound fetal measurements - Head Circumference. Physiological parameter Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound abdomen circumference [ Time Frame: 4 yrs ] Routinely collected ultrasound fetal measurements - Abdominal Circumference.Physiological parameter Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound femur length [ Time Frame: 4 yrs ] Routinely collected ultrasound fetal measurements - Femur Length. Physiological parameter Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound presentation (...) Frame: 6 yrs ] Number of Ultrasound Scans (>24 weeks gestation) performed per pregnancy Impact of the OxGRIP Pathway on service - Consultant time [ Time Frame: 6 yrs ] Number of Consultant appointments Impact of the OxGRIP Pathway on service - intrapartum interventions [ Time Frame: 6 yrs ] Proportion of all birth delivered as emergency and elective cesarean sections and instrumental deliveries Risk Factors for adverse outcomes - ultrasound head circumference [ Time Frame: 4 yrs ] Routinely

2017 Clinical Trials

102. Fetal biometric parameters: Reference charts for a non-selected risk population from Uberaba, Brazil (PubMed)

) was measured at the level of the thalami and cavum septi pellucidi. Head circumference (HC) was calculated by the following formula: HC = 1.62*(BPD + occipital frontal diameter, OFD). Abdominal circumference (AC) was measured using the following formula: AC = (anteroposterior diameter + transverse abdominal diameter) × 1.57. Femur diaphysis length (FDL) was obtained in the longest axis of femur without including the distal femoral epiphysis. The estimated fetal weight (EFW) was obtained by the Hadlock (...) Fetal biometric parameters: Reference charts for a non-selected risk population from Uberaba, Brazil To establish reference charts for fetal biometric parameters in a non-selected risk population from Uberaba, Southeast of Brazil.A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed among 5656 non-selected risk singleton pregnant women between 14 and 41 weeks of gestation. The ultrasound exams were performed during routine visits of second and third trimesters. Biparietal diameter (BPD

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2017 Journal of Ultrasonography

103. Smoking in Pregnancy and Fetal Growth: The Case for More Intensive Assessment (PubMed)

Smoking in Pregnancy and Fetal Growth: The Case for More Intensive Assessment Many studies on prenatal tobacco exposure (PTE) effects have relied on single item retrospective measures of PTE. However, it is unclear how these single item measures may relate to more intensive maternal self-reports and to biological markers of maternal use and/or fetal exposure. It is also unclear whether these measures may be more valid predictors of fetal growth (gestational age, birthweight, head circumference (...) was not related to fetal growth. However, the more intensive calendar based self-report measure and the biological assays of PTE (ie, maternal salivary assays and infant meconium) were significant predictors of poor fetal growth, even with the single item measure in the model.The negative effects of PTE on important child outcomes may be greatly underestimated in the literature as many studies use single item self-report measures to ascertain PTE. Whereas more intensive self-report measures or biological

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2017 Nicotine & Tobacco Research

104. Replication of High Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevalence Rates, Child Characteristics, and Maternal Risk Factors in a Second Sample of Rural Communities in South Africa (PubMed)

Replication of High Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevalence Rates, Child Characteristics, and Maternal Risk Factors in a Second Sample of Rural Communities in South Africa Background: Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and total fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were studied in a second sample of three South African rural communities to assess change. Methods: Active case ascertainment focused on children with height, weight and/or head circumference ≤25th (...) centile and randomly-selected children. Final diagnoses were based on dysmorphology, neurobehavioral scores, and maternal risk interviews. Results: Cardinal facial features, head circumference, and total dysmorphology scores differentiated specific FASD diagnostic categories in a somewhat linear fashion but all FASD traits were significantly worse than those of randomly-selected controls. Neurodevelopmental delays were significantly worse for children with FASD than controls. Binge alcohol use

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2017 International journal of environmental research and public health

105. Highly efficient maternal-fetal Zika virus transmission in pregnant rhesus macaques (PubMed)

in the last month of gestation determined by ultrasound assessment of head circumference was decreased in comparison with biparietal diameter and femur length within each fetus, both within normal range. ZIKV RNA was detected in tissues from all four fetuses at term cesarean section. In all pregnancies, neutrophilic infiltration was present at the maternal-fetal interface (decidua, placenta, fetal membranes), in various fetal tissues, and in fetal retina, choroid, and optic nerve (first trimester (...) Highly efficient maternal-fetal Zika virus transmission in pregnant rhesus macaques Infection with Zika virus (ZIKV) is associated with human congenital fetal anomalies. To model fetal outcomes in nonhuman primates, we administered Asian-lineage ZIKV subcutaneously to four pregnant rhesus macaques. While non-pregnant animals in a previous study contemporary with the current report clear viremia within 10-12 days, maternal viremia was prolonged in 3 of 4 pregnancies. Fetal head growth velocity

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2017 PLoS pathogens

106. A Systematic Evaluation of Ultrasound-based Fetal Weight Estimation Models on Indian Population (PubMed)

, gestational age ≥34 weeks and ultrasound scan to delivery duration ≤7 days. Cases with fetal growth restriction or malformation were excluded. The cases were divided into standard weight bands of 500 g each based on newborns' actual birth weights (ABW). For each weight band, performance of 12 different models based on abdominal circumference (AC), biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC) and femur length (FL) was evaluated by mean percentage error (MPE) and its standard deviation (random error (...) A Systematic Evaluation of Ultrasound-based Fetal Weight Estimation Models on Indian Population The purpose of this study was to systematically evaluate ultrasound-based fetal weight estimation models on Indian population to find out their performance across different weight bands and ability to correctly categorize low birth weight (LBW) and high birth weight (HBW) fetuses.We used retrospectively collected data of 154 cases for the study. Inclusion criteria were a live singleton pregnancy

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2017 Journal of medical ultrasound

107. Patterns of Fetal Growth Based on Ultrasound Measurement and its Relationship with Small for Gestational Age at Birth in Rural Vietnam. (PubMed)

micronutrient supplementation in Thai Nguyen province, Vietnam. Ultrasound examinations included biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC) and abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length (FL). Measures were assessed using the new international fetal growth standards (INTERGROWTH-21st Project). Generalised linear mixed logit regression models were used to examine the association between ultrasound measures and SGA at birth.Overall fetal growth restriction began in early pregnancy and continued (...) Patterns of Fetal Growth Based on Ultrasound Measurement and its Relationship with Small for Gestational Age at Birth in Rural Vietnam. Small for gestational age (SGA) is a global health problem. Identifying the timing of fetal growth faltering is critical for developing preventive interventions. We aim to describe patterns of fetal growth and to predict SGA at birth using fetal ultrasound measurements.We studied 1412 pregnant women enrolled in a randomised-controlled trial evaluating maternal

2017 Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

108. Fetal growth and birth anthropometrics in metformin exposed offspring born to mothers with PCOS. (PubMed)

analysis of a randomized controlled trial.Double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study.258 offspring born to mothers with PCOS.2000 mg metformin (n = 131) or placebo (n = 121) from first trimester to delivery.Mean abdominal diameter and biparietal diameter (BPD) at gestational weeks 19 and 32. Head circumference (HC), birth length, and weight related to a reference population of healthy offspring, expressed as gestational age- and sex-adjusted z-scores.Metformin- versus placebo-exposed offspring (...) Fetal growth and birth anthropometrics in metformin exposed offspring born to mothers with PCOS. Metformin is used in an attempt to reduce pregnancy complications associated with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Little is known about the effect of metformin on fetal development and growth.To compare the effect of metformin versus placebo on fetal growth and birth anthropometrics in PCOS offspring compared with a reference population in relation to maternal body mass index (BMI).Post hoc

2017 Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism Controlled trial quality: predicted high

109. Effects of prenatal music stimulation on fetal cardiac state, newborn anthropometric measurements and vital signs of pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

heart rate and systolic and diastolic blood pressure), and anthropometric measurements of the newborns were taken after birth (weight, height, head circumference and chest circumference).The strip charts showed a significantly increased basal fetal heart rate and higher fetal reactivity, with accelerations of fetal heart rate in pregnant women with music stimulation. After the fetal monitoring cardiotocograph, a statistically significant decrease in systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure (...) Effects of prenatal music stimulation on fetal cardiac state, newborn anthropometric measurements and vital signs of pregnant women: A randomized controlled trial. Music has been used for medicinal purposes throughout history due to its variety of physiological, psychological and social effects.To identify the effects of prenatal music stimulation on the vital signs of pregnant women at full term, on the modification of fetal cardiac status during a fetal monitoring cardiotocograph

2017 Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

110. Maternal dairy products consumption and fetal head circumference and infant birth head circumference

Maternal dairy products consumption and fetal head circumference and infant birth head circumference Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2015 PROSPERO

111. Novel Plasma Proteins in Nepalese School-aged Children are Associated with a Small Head Size at Birth (PubMed)

Novel Plasma Proteins in Nepalese School-aged Children are Associated with a Small Head Size at Birth Fetal growth restriction increases the risk of poor childhood growth and development and chronic disease in adulthood. Yet, little is known about biological pathways that mediate the long-lasting effects of suboptimal intrauterine growth. We explored the plasma proteome in a cohort of 500 Nepalese children 6-8 years of age to identify plasma proteins associated with multiple anthropometric size (...) indicators at birth. Among 982 proteins analyzed, no proteins differed by birth weight, length, or weight-for-length indicators. However, 25 proteins were differentially abundant in children with a small vs normal head circumference at birth (<-2 vs. ≥-2 z-scores of the WHO growth standards). Angiopoietin-like 6 was 19.4% more abundant and the other 24 proteins were 7-21% less abundant in children with a small vs normal head circumference at birth, adjusted for potential confounders. The less abundant

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2018 Scientific reports

112. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder : identification

/Alcool_et_grossesse_parlons-en2.pdf. 2. Prenatal or postnatal height, weight or head circumference equal to or lower than the 10 th percentile (1.5 standard deviation below the mean). Key messages© Haute Autorité de Santé 2013 www.has-sante.fr 2 avenue du Stade de France - 93218 Saint-Denis La Plaine CEDEX Tel.: +33 (0) 1 55 93 70 00 - Fax: +33 (0) 1 55 93 74 00 THE ORIGINAL FRENCH VERSION IS THE LEGALLY BINDING TEXT ´ Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder describes the disabilities that may affect an individual whose mother (...) , weight or head circumference); prenatal, postnatal or both; • neurodevelopmental disorders, demonstrated: ? sometimes by an intellectual disability , ? most often by lear ning dif ficulties (with attention, memory or abstract r easoning disor ders), tr ouble with calculations, language disor ders, sensory disabilities (especially visual), behavioural disor ders, of adaptation and social behavior disor ders, a sour ce of social integration dif ficulties. ´ Nervous system abnormalities are directly

2013 HAS Guidelines

113. Neonatal head circumference and the treatment of maternal hypertension. (PubMed)

between neonatal head circumference and the total amount or duration of methyldopa received during pregnancy. Comparison of treated and untreated groups according to the time of entry to the study showed that significant differences in neonatal head circumference were only present in patients who entered between 16 and 20 weeks gestation. It is possible that this could be a sensitive period for the interaction of fetal head growth and the onset of specific treatment in hypertensive pregnancy. (...) Neonatal head circumference and the treatment of maternal hypertension. In a random controlled trial of methyldopa for the treatment of hypertension in pregnancy presenting before 28 weeks gestation, the newborn in the treated group had relatively smaller head circumferences. This difference persisted at two months of age when correction had been made for birth weight, gestation and sex, but was no longeer detectable at six or twelve months. Within the treated group no relationship was found

1978 British journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

114. Serial Head and Brain Imaging of 17 Fetuses With Confirmed Zika Virus Infection in Colombia, South America. (PubMed)

symptom onset and microcephaly (head circumference less than 3 standard deviations below the mean) was 18 weeks (range 15-24 weeks). The earliest fetal head circumference measurement consistent with microcephaly diagnosis was at 24 weeks of gestation. The earliest sign of congenital Zika syndrome was talipes equinovarus, which in two patients was noted first at 19 weeks of gestation. Common findings on fetal magnetic resonance imaging were microcephaly, ventriculomegaly, polymicrogyria (...) Serial Head and Brain Imaging of 17 Fetuses With Confirmed Zika Virus Infection in Colombia, South America. To evaluate fetal ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging findings among a series of pregnant women with confirmed Zika virus infection to evaluate the signs of congenital Zika syndrome with respect to timing of infection.We conducted a retrospective case series of pregnant women referred to two perinatal clinics in Barranquilla and Ibagué, Colombia, who had findings consistent

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2017 Obstetrics and Gynecology

115. Relationship of amniotic fluid index (AFI) in third trimester with fetal weight and gender in a southeast Nigerian population (PubMed)

), and fetal gender.A prospective cross-sectional estimation of AFI and FWT was done in 385 apparently healthy pregnant women in the gestational age range of 28-42 weeks. General scanning in longitudinal, transverse, and oblique directions of the abdomen was done to assess the fetal wellbeing and determine the fetal gender for each participant. AF was measured in each of the quadrants of the abdomen. The four values of the AF were summed to get the AFI. Measurement of the head circumference, biparietal (...) Relationship of amniotic fluid index (AFI) in third trimester with fetal weight and gender in a southeast Nigerian population Amniotic fluid (AF) is one of the major determinants of fetal biophysical profile and can predict pregnancy outcome. Abnormal value of amniotic fluid index (AFI) may indicate fetal and maternal disorders.To establish reference standards for AFI for this population after 28 weeks of pregnancy and evaluate the relationship between AFI, the estimated fetal weight (EFWT

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2016 Acta Radiologica Open

116. Maternal cadmium, placental PCDHAC1, and fetal development (PubMed)

of giving birth to an infant that was small for gestational age or with a decreased head circumference. These associations were strongest amongst those with low levels of DNA methylation in the promoter region of placental PCDHAC1. Further, we found placental PCDHAC1 expression to be inversely associated with maternal Cd, and PCDHAC1 expression positively associated with fetal growth. Our findings suggest that maternal Cd affects fetal growth even at very low concentrations, and some of these effects (...) Maternal cadmium, placental PCDHAC1, and fetal development Cadmium (Cd) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant implicated as a developmental toxicant, yet the underlying mechanisms that confer this toxicity are unknown. Mother-infant pairs from a Rhode Island birth cohort were investigated for the potential effects of maternal Cd exposure on fetal growth, and the possible role of the PCDHAC1 gene on this association. Mothers with higher toenail Cd concentrations were at increased odds

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2016 Reproductive toxicology (Elmsford, N.Y.)

117. Increased renal apoptosis and reduced renin–angiotensin system in fetal growth restriction (PubMed)

collected. TUNEL, Bax and Bcl-2 staining were examined. The number of nephrons was also counted. Both protein and mRNA levels of renin and angiotensinogen were analyzed. Ultrasound was applied to measure fetus parameters including biparietal diameter, head circumference, circumference of abdomen, and femur length.The number of nephrons was positively correlated with fetal weight at termination. Kidneys in the FGR group presented more apoptotic cells than those in the non-FGR group. Renin (...) Increased renal apoptosis and reduced renin–angiotensin system in fetal growth restriction The purpose of the study was to characterize changes in apoptosis and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) in fetal growth restriction (FGR).Fetuses were collected from patients who visited our hospital to either terminate or abort their pregnancy. Kidneys of fetuses which suffered with FGR, (n=11) at gestational age of 33.4±0.5 weeks and those from non-FGR (n=12) at gestational age of 34.3±0.9 weeks were

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2016 Journal of the Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System: JRAAS

118. Evaluation of fetal subarachnoid space using transabdominal ultrasonography and normal values during pregnancy (PubMed)

a significant correlation with gestational age and head circumference. The mean of SCW was 1.55 ± 0.41 mm with a range of 0.85-3.87 mm. The mean anterior CCW was 1.63 ± 0.39 mm with a range of 0.85-2.82 mm. A linear regression line was plotted between gestational age and lateral CCW (r = 0.707; p < 0.0001) and posterolateral CCW (r = 0.437; p < 0.0001), and nomograms for these parameters are constructed.This study presents a novel approach for the in utero evaluation of the subarachnoid space with two (...) Evaluation of fetal subarachnoid space using transabdominal ultrasonography and normal values during pregnancy To determine the feasibility of evaluating the subarachnoid space by measuring two novel sonographic parameters in axial section using transabdominal ultrasound, in addition to the parameters previously defined in coronal section, and to construct a normal range for the subarachnoid space width in singleton healthy fetuses.Healthy pregnant women between 20 and 29 weeks were scanned

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2016 SpringerPlus

119. THE CONTINUUM OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN A COMMUNITY IN SOUTH AFRICA: PREVALENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS IN A FIFTH SAMPLE (PubMed)

by direct report from the mother in 71% to 100% of cases in specific diagnostic groups. Significant distal maternal risk factors in this population are: advanced maternal age at pregnancy; low height, weight, and body mass index (BMI); small head circumference; low education; low income; and rural residence. Even when controlling for socioeconomic status, prenatal drinking correlates significantly with total dysmorphology score, head circumference, and five cognitive and behavioral measures (...) THE CONTINUUM OF FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDERS IN A COMMUNITY IN SOUTH AFRICA: PREVALENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS IN A FIFTH SAMPLE The prevalence and characteristics of the continuum of diagnoses within fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were researched in a fifth sample in a South African community.An active case ascertainment approach was employed among all first grade learners in this community (n=862). Following individual examination by clinical geneticists/dysmorphologists, cognitive

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2016 Drug and alcohol dependence

120. Estimation of Fetal Weight by MR Imaging to PREdict Neonatal MACROsomia (PREMACRO Study)

impacted behind the maternal pubic bone (Woods, Rubin, or Jacquemier manoeuvres). The definition also included births with an interval of 60 s or more between delivery of the head and the body. Comparative prediction rate for maternal morbidity [ Time Frame: Between 36 weeks and 36 weeks + 6 days of gestation ] Ability of Magnetic Resonance-Estimated Fetal Weigth (+/- pelvimetric measurements) vs. Ultrasound-Estimated Fetal Weigth in predicting maternal morbidity, defined as caesarean section (...) Estimation of Fetal Weight by MR Imaging to PREdict Neonatal MACROsomia (PREMACRO Study) Estimation of Fetal Weight by MR Imaging to PREdict Neonatal MACROsomia (PREMACRO Study) - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies

2016 Clinical Trials

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