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Fetal Head Circumference

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61. In overweight and obese women, fetal ultrasound biometry accurately predicts newborn measures. (PubMed)

) and adiposity measures including mid-thigh fat mass (MTFM), subscapular fat mass (SSFM), and abdominal fat mass (AFM) were undertaken using ultrasound. Neonatal anthropometric measurements obtained after birth included birthweight, head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and skinfold thickness measurements (SFTM) of the subscapular region and abdomen.At 36 weeks gestation, every 1 g increase in EFW was associated with a 0.94 g increase in birthweight (95% CI 0.88-0.99; P < 0.001). For every 1 (...) In overweight and obese women, fetal ultrasound biometry accurately predicts newborn measures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between fetal ultrasound and newborn biometry and adiposity measures in the setting of maternal obesity.The study population involved 845 overweight or obese pregnant women, who participated in the Standard Care Group of the LIMIT randomised trial (ACTRN12607000161426, 9/03/2007). At 36 weeks gestation, fetal biometry, estimated fetal weight (EFW

2019 The Australian & New Zealand journal of obstetrics & gynaecology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

62. Folic Acid Intake, Fetal Brain Growth, and Maternal Smoking in Pregnancy: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

. A 2-level linear growth model was used to assess treatment effect and factors that predict intrauterine growth in head circumference over time. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to estimate the effect of higher-strength folic acid on head circumference at birth, fetal brain weight, and fetal BBRs.Mothers who received the higher dose of folic acid had infants with a 1.18 mm larger mean head circumference compared with infants born to mothers who received the standard dose (...) brain growth, measured by head circumference, brain weight, and brain-body weight ratio (BBR).In this randomly assigned, double-blind, controlled clinical trial, we recruited 345 smoking pregnant women attending a community health center in Tampa, FL between 2010 and 2014. Participants were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive either 0.8 mg folic acid/d (standard of care at the study center) or 4 mg folic acid/d (higher strength). Participants were also enrolled in a smoking cessation program

2019 Current Developments in Nutrition Controlled trial quality: predicted high

63. Fetal Hemodynamics and Fetal Growth Indices by Ultrasound in Late Pregnancy and Birth Weight in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (PubMed)

women with GDM and 124 normal controls (NC) were enrolled in this study. Fetal hemodynamic indices, including the systolic/diastolic ratio (S/D), resistance index (RI), pulsatility index (PI) of umbilical artery (UA), middle cerebral artery (MCA), and renal artery (RA), were collected. Fetal growth indices, including biparietal diameter (BPD), head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC), and femur length, were also measured by ultrasound. Birth weight, newborn gender, and maternal clinical (...) Fetal Hemodynamics and Fetal Growth Indices by Ultrasound in Late Pregnancy and Birth Weight in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus The offspring of women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are prone to macrosomia. However, birth weight is difficult to be correctly estimated by ultrasound because of fetal asymmetric growth characteristics. This study aimed to investigate the correlations between fetal hemodynamics, fetal growth indices in late pregnancy, and birth weight in GDM.A total of 147

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2016 Chinese medical journal

64. Influence of fetal blood flow redistribution on fetal and childhood growth and fat distribution: the Generation R Study. (PubMed)

and android/gynoid fat mass ratio by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and preperitoneal fat by ultrasound at 6 years.A higher fetal U/C ratio was associated with increased risks of preterm birth and small size for gestational age at birth [odds ratios, 1.41 (95% confidence interval, 1.08-1.85) and 1.63 (95% confidence interval, 1.21-2.19), respectively, per SDS increase in U/C ratio]. Longitudinal growth analyses showed that a higher fetal U/C ratio was associated with persistently lower head (...) circumference, length and weight from third trimester fetal life until childhood (all P < 0.05). The fetal U/C ratio was not associated with total body and abdominal fat measures at 6 years.Our results suggest that fetal blood flow redistribution affects fetal development and has persistent consequences for childhood growth.Fetal blood flow redistribution affects fetal development and has persistent consequences for childhood growth.© 2016 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

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2016 BJOG

65. Antenatal corticosteriods given to women prior to birth to improve fetal, infant, child and adult health

Antenatal corticosteriods given to women prior to birth to improve fetal, infant, child and adult health Antenatal Corticosteroids Clinical Practice Guidelines 2015 ANTENATAL CORTICOSTEROIDS GIVEN TO WOMEN PRIOR TO BIRTH TO IMPROVE FETAL, INFANT, CHILD AND ADULT HEALTH NEW ZEALAND AND AUSTRALIAN CLINICAL PRACTICE GUIDELINES 2015 © Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, New Zealand, 2015. Printed document This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the Copyright Act (...) Clinical Practice Guidelines Panel. Antenatal corticosteroids given to women prior to birth to improve fetal, infant, child and adult health: Clinical Practice Guidelines. 2015. Liggins Institute, The University of Auckland, Auckland. New Zealand. Disclaimer These guidelines are a general guide to appropriate practice to be used subject to the health practitioners clinical judgement and the individual womans’ preference. The document is designed to give information to assist clinical decision making

2015 Clinical Practice Guidelines Portal

66. The head progression distance in prolonged second stage of labor: relationship to mode of delivery and fetal head station. (PubMed)

mean HPD was 6.50 (± 1.35; 95% CI, 6.16-6.83) cm. No correlation was found between HPD and head position or mode of delivery, but HPD was positively correlated with fetal head station and neonatal head circumference measured after delivery. Logistic regression and receiver-operating characteristics curve analysis demonstrated no significant predictive value of HPD with respect to mode of delivery.Although HPD in prolonged second stage of labor could not predict mode of delivery, it may have a role (...) The head progression distance in prolonged second stage of labor: relationship to mode of delivery and fetal head station. To evaluate the clinical significance of fetal head progression distance (HPD), measured by transperineal ultrasound, during prolonged second stage of labor.In this prospective study, a single operator, who was blinded to the results of the digital examination, assessed using transperineal ultrasound women at ≥ 37 weeks of gestation with failure to progress in the second

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2013 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

67. Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Cardiac Disease

Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Cardiac Disease Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Cardiac Disease | Circulation Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 March 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 February 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share (...) on Jump to Free Access article Diagnosis and Treatment of Fetal Cardiac Disease A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association , MD , MD , MD , MD , MD , MD , MD , MD , MD , MD , DO , MD , MD , RN , MD, DSc, FAHA , MD, FAHA , MD , and MD MDon behalf of the American Heart Association Adults With Congenital Heart Disease Joint Committee of the Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young and Council on Clinical Cardiology, Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia, and Council

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2014 American Heart Association

68. International standards for fetal growth based on serial ultrasound measurements: the Fetal Growth Longitudinal Study of the INTERGROWTH-21st Project. (PubMed)

a reliable estimate of gestational age confirmed by ultrasound measurement of fetal crown-rump length in the first trimester. The five primary ultrasound measures of fetal growth--head circumference, biparietal diameter, occipitofrontal diameter, abdominal circumference, and femur length--were obtained every 5 weeks (within 1 week either side) from 14 weeks to 42 weeks of gestation. The best fitting curves for the five measures were selected using second-degree fractional polynomials and further modelled (...) . For each of the five fetal growth measures, the mean differences between the observed and smoothed centiles for the 3rd, 50th, and 97th centiles, respectively, were small: 2·25 mm (SD 3·0), 0·02 mm (3·0), and -2·69 mm (3·2) for head circumference; 0·83 mm (0·9), -0·05 mm (0·8), and -0·84 mm (1·0) for biparietal diameter; 0·63 mm (1·2), 0·04 mm (1·1), and -1·05 mm (1·3) for occipitofrontal diameter; 2·99 mm (3·1), 0·25 mm (3·2), and -4·22 mm (3·7) for abdominal circumference; and 0·62 mm (0·8), 0·03 mm

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2014 Lancet

69. Diet, weight gain, and head growth in hospitalized US very preterm infants: a 10-year observational study. (PubMed)

(no formula or fortifier); 2) human milk with formula or fortifier (mixed); or 3) infant formula only. Outcomes were weight and head circumference z-score change from birth to discharge relative to a fetal reference.Diet at discharge/transfer was human milk only for 18,274 (6.6%), mixed for 121,621 (44%), and formula only for 137,067 (49%). Weight deviated more from the fetal reference for infants fed both human milk diets compared with formula only (weight z-score change for infants fed human milk only (...) Diet, weight gain, and head growth in hospitalized US very preterm infants: a 10-year observational study. The benefits of human milk for hospitalized preterm infants are well documented, but the extent to which current human milk diets adequately support growth is uncertain.1) To quantify differences in weight gain and head growth between very preterm infants fed human milk compared with infant formula; and 2) to describe trends in the magnitude of these differences over time.We studied

2019 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

70. Fetal Abdominal Circumference

Fetal Abdominal Circumference Fetal Abdominal Circumference Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Fetal Abdominal (...) Circumference Fetal Abdominal Circumference Aka: Fetal Abdominal Circumference II. Technique Use ellipse Transverse abdominal Triad Deep portion of ( ) Spine III. Equation Abdominal Circumference = (AP + Transverse) x 1.57 IV. Accuracy Least accurate of measurements for estimating (except 26-32 weeks) Most useful beyond 15 weeks for calculating fetal weight, serial growth and diagnosing References V. Resources AJR Online version of Benson and Doubilet article above Images: Related links to external sites

2015 FP Notebook

71. Investigating the relationship between fetal growth and academic attainment: secondary analysis of the Born in Bradford (BiB) cohort (PubMed)

Investigating the relationship between fetal growth and academic attainment: secondary analysis of the Born in Bradford (BiB) cohort The relationship between ultrasongraphically derived estimates of fetal growth and educational attainment in the postnatal period is unknown. Results from previous studies focusing on cognitive ability, however, suggest there may be gestation-specific associations. Our objective was to model growth in fetal weight (EFW) and head circumference (HC) and identify (...) ordinal logistic and logistic regression. Associations were adjusted for potential confounders, facilitated by directed acyclic graphs. Missing covariate data were imputed using multiple imputation.In all, 6995 and 8438 children had complete KS1, and EFW and HC data, respectively. Positive associations were observed between both fetal weight in early pregnancy (14 weeks) and EFW growth in mid-pregnancy (14-26 weeks) and the individual KS1 outcomes. Furthermore, after adjustment for previous size

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2018 International journal of epidemiology

72. Environmental exposures and fetal growth: the Haifa pregnancy cohort study. (PubMed)

such as birth-weight, head-circumference and gestational age at birth. We will adjust for pregnancy complications such as pre-eclampsia and gestational diabetes and parental variables, such as maternal weight, age and smoking habits as potential confounders. In addition, we will conduct a multi-tiered field study, nested within this population, among 150 pregnant women residing in two geographical regions-one in the polluted Haifa area, and one in a relatively unpolluted area in central Israel. Blood (...) Environmental exposures and fetal growth: the Haifa pregnancy cohort study. The developing fetus is susceptible to environmental insults. Studying the effects of environmental exposures on fetal growth is essential for understanding the causal pathway between prenatal exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Here we describe the Haifa Pregnancy Cohort Study (HPCS) and discuss challenges and opportunities in applying "big data" paradigm.Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), is the second largest Israeli

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2018 BMC Public Health

73. Ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight: development of new model and assessment of performance of previous models. (PubMed)

Euclidean distance and highest proportion of AE ≤ 10%, were provided by the formulae incorporating ≥ 3 rather than < 3 biometrical measurements. The systematic review identified 45 studies describing a total of 70 models for EFW by various combinations of measurements of fetal head circumference (HC), biparietal diameter, femur length (FL) and abdominal circumference (AC). The most accurate model with the lowest Euclidean distance and highest proportion of AE ≤ 10% was provided by the formula of Hadlock (...) Ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight: development of new model and assessment of performance of previous models. To develop a new formula for ultrasonographic estimation of fetal weight and evaluate the accuracy of this and all previous formulae in the prediction of birth weight.The study population consisted of 5163 singleton pregnancies with fetal biometry at 22-43 weeks' gestation and live birth of a phenotypically normal neonate within 2 days of the ultrasound examination

2018 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

74. Fetal growth velocity and body proportion in the assessment of growth. (PubMed)

and interval between exams. The second strategy refers to the use of fetal body proportions to classify fetuses as either symmetric or asymmetric using 1 of several ratios; these include the head circumference to abdominal circumference ratio, transverse cerebellar diameter to abdominal circumference ratio, and femur length to abdominal circumference ratio. Although these ratios are associated with small for gestational age at birth and with adverse perinatal outcomes, their predictive accuracy is too low (...) for clinical practice. Furthermore, these associations become questionable when other, potentially more specific measures such as umbilical artery Doppler are being used. Furthermore, these ratios are of limited use in determining the etiology underlying fetal smallness. It is possible that the use of the 2 gestational-age-independent ratios (transverse cerebellar diameter to abdominal circumference and femur length to abdominal circumference) may have a role in the detection of mild-moderate fetal growth

2018 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

75. Evaluation of automated tool for 2D fetal biometry. (PubMed)

Evaluation of automated tool for 2D fetal biometry. To determine whether an automated tool can automatically measure the fetal head circumference (HC), abdominal circumference (AC) and femur length (FL) on frozen 2D ultrasound images.Ultrasound images from 100 pregnancies between 20 to 40 weeks of gestation were assessed, ensuring equal distribution of data throughout gestational age. For each pregnancy, three standard biometric variables (HC, AC, FL) were measured three times (nine independent (...) were calculated and expressed as percentages to correct for fetal growth with advancing gestation.After exclusion of one pregnancy (due to technical failure), a total of 891 images, 297 for each biometric variable, were analyzed. The algorithm failed to place calipers for the AC in 9 images, whereas there were no failures on HC and FL. In the subjective quality assessment of automatic caliper placement, 475 images (53.3%) were judged to be clinically acceptable and did not require any adjustment

2018 Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology

76. Fetal growth restriction in rural Bangladesh: a prospective study (PubMed)

growth pattern of a population in rural Bangladesh where maternal undernutrition is prevalent and to compare the timing of FGR in that population with WHO and INTERGROWTH- 21st international reference values.From November 2001 to October 2003, pregnant women were recruited in Matlab, a sub district of Bangladesh, and underwent three follow-up ultrasound examinations during pregnancy for measurement of the parameters of the fetal head, abdomen, and femur. The data were fitted to a linear-cubic model (...) Fetal growth restriction in rural Bangladesh: a prospective study Fetal growth restriction (FGR) and low birth weight(LBW) are serious public health problems. In developing countries, the incidence of low birth weight is predominantly the result of FGR, and both low birth weight and FGR are associated with neonatal death and later growth and development. Fetal growth charts are important for assessing the size of the fetus during pregnancy. The aims of this study were to describe the fetal

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2018 Tropical medicine and health

77. Fetal growth and incidence of atopic dermatitis in early childhood: Results of the Ulm SPATZ Health Study (PubMed)

1.51, (95% CI 1.01; 2.24) and 1.83 (1.21; 2.76)], high 2nd trimester head- abdominal circumference ratio [1.69 (1.16; 2.48)], and faltering 2nd to 3rd trimester [1.59 (1.04; 2.43)] head circumference were associated with greater AD risk. High 3rd trimester femur length [0.54 (0.31; 0.94)] was associated with lower risk. Using more inclusive exposure cut-points (0.8 SD), lower 1st trimester crown-rump length was also associated with greater AD risk. Our data suggest several different patterns (...) Fetal growth and incidence of atopic dermatitis in early childhood: Results of the Ulm SPATZ Health Study Fetal growth may be a precursory factor in observed association between birthweight and atopic dermatitis (AD), however, recent studies utilizing fetal ultrasound-based data have reported contradictory results. This study aims to clarify previous findings through comprehensive investigation of association between several trimester-specific ultrasound-based anthropometric measures with AD

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2018 Scientific reports

78. Development of an Epigenetic Biomarker for Prediction of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

hours post birth ] To compare PEth levels and epigenetic changes in dried blood spots obtained via umbilical cord at birth verses heel stick at 48 hours post-birth. Other Outcome Measures: Gestational age at birth [ Time Frame: at birth ] Small for gestational age: composite of small for gestational age (<10% percentile) for weight or length or head circumference [ Time Frame: at birth ] Postnatal complications: Composite of having one or more of the following: neonatal sepsis, necrotizing (...) Development of an Epigenetic Biomarker for Prediction of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Development of an Epigenetic Biomarker for Prediction of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies

2018 Clinical Trials

79. WHO Fetal Growth Charts

with retarded growth Device: ultrasound The compulsory ultrasound measurements to be obtained at all visits include the following biometrical parameters: Biparietal diameter Head circumference Abdominal circumference Femur length Humerus length Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Proportion of fetuses with abnormal fetal growth diagnosed using WHO fetal charts [ Time Frame: 8 months ] correlation of fetal growth pattern with neonatal birth weight and outcome Eligibility Criteria Go (...) in Assiut,Egypt Estimated Study Start Date : January 2019 Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2020 Estimated Study Completion Date : May 2020 Groups and Cohorts Go to Group/Cohort Intervention/treatment normal group fetuses with normal growth Device: ultrasound The compulsory ultrasound measurements to be obtained at all visits include the following biometrical parameters: Biparietal diameter Head circumference Abdominal circumference Femur length Humerus length Growth retardation group fetuses

2018 Clinical Trials

80. Gestational diabetes and ultrasound-assessed fetal growth in South Asian and White European women: findings from a prospective pregnancy cohort. (PubMed)

10,705 singletons (4747 White European and 5958 South Asian) from a prospective cohort of women attending an antenatal clinic in Bradford, in the North of England. All women completed a 75-g oral glucose tolerance test at 26-28 weeks' gestation. Ultrasound measurements of fetal head circumference (HC), femur length (FL) abdominal circumference (AC), and estimated fetal weight (EFW), and corresponding anthropometric measurements at birth were used to derive fetal growth trajectories. Associations (...) Gestational diabetes and ultrasound-assessed fetal growth in South Asian and White European women: findings from a prospective pregnancy cohort. Maternal gestational diabetes (GDM) is an established risk factor for large size at birth, but its influence on intrauterine fetal growth in different ethnic populations is less well understood. Here, we examine the joint associations of GDM and ethnicity with longitudinal fetal growth in South Asian and White European origin women.This study included

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2018 BMC Medicine

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