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426 results for

Fetal Foot Measurement

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421. Development Training in Babies Born Preterm

Training This group of infants underwent specific movement training activities two times per day with their parents. Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : The primary outcome is to evaluate the effectiveness of movement training in preterm babies. This will be measured by number of toy contacts, hand/foot-toy distance, duration of toy contact, and duration of visual attention. [ Time Frame: 8 weeks ] Eligibility Criteria Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine Choosing (...) gestation (up to and including 32 6/7 weeks) Infants born weighing less than 2500 grams Exclusion Criteria: Orthopedic, visual or hearing impairments Fetal drug exposure Contacts and Locations Go to Information from the National Library of Medicine To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor. Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00268931 Locations Layout table

2005 Clinical Trials

422. Behavioural Consequences of Frontal Cortex Grafts and Enriched Environments after Sensorimotor Cortex Lesions (PubMed)

-graft testing, but relative to intact controls a persistent deficit in foot slip errors occurred in all lesion groups. Irrespective of graft status, postoperative enrichment prevented the occurrence of severe foot slips, especially early in retraining. The frontal grafts, however, enhanced beam-walking recovery by reducing the overall frequency of foot slips on early post-grafting sessions, an effect we suggest is related to graft-derived trophic influences, but this measure was not significantly (...) received multiple suspension grafts of (E20) fetal frontal cortex, placed adjacent to the lesion cavity, and 8 days later recovery of beam-walking skills was examined for a six-week period. The grafts survived in all cases with an appropriate lesion, a notable result given the one month lesion-graft delay, but graft volume was not influenced by postoperative environment. The substantial lesion-induced deficits evident just prior to differential housing showed a marked reduction by the start of post

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1994 Journal of neural transplantation & plasticity

423. Routine ultrasound screening in pregnancy and the children's subsequent handedness. (PubMed)

Routine ultrasound screening in pregnancy and the children's subsequent handedness. To study a possible association between ultrasound screening in early pregnancy and altered cerebral dominance measured by the prevalence of non-right handedness among children, particularly boys.Follow-up of 8 to 9 year old children to women who participated in a randomised controlled trial on ultrasound screening during pregnancy in 1985-87. The children were followed up through a questionnaire sent (...) to their mothers. The dominant hand of the child was assessed by eleven questions. The dominant foot by one question.No differences were found in non-right handedness between children in the screening and non-screening group. In separate analyses on ultrasound exposure and non-right handedness among boys a significant difference was found (odds ratio 1.33; 95% confidence interval 1.02-1.74).This study could not rule out a possible association between non-right handedness among boys and ultrasound exposure

1998 Early human development Controlled trial quality: uncertain

424. Correlation between first trimester fetal bone length and maternal serum pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A). (PubMed)

between late first trimester fetal bone length and maternal serum levels of PAPP-A.In a cross-sectional observational study, ultrasound measurements of fetal long bones and fluorimetric immunoassays for maternal serum PAPP-A were performed in 514 singleton pregnancies at 10-14 weeks of gestation.There were 501 uncomplicated pregnancies. There were significant correlations between PAPP-A values and length of humerus, femur and tibia [r values 0.12 (P = 0.01), 0.11 (P = 0.01) and 0.10 (P = 0.03 (...) ), respectively]. The association with the length of ulna and foot did not reach statistical significance (r values 0.08 and -0.03, respectively).Maternal serum PAPP-A levels at 10-14 weeks of gestation are significantly associated with the length of fetal long bones such as humerus, femur and tibia. This provides further evidence that PAPP-A may be involved in the regulation of bone development.

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2006 Human Reproduction

425. Fetal, infant and childhood growth: relationships with body composition in Brazilian boys aged 9 years. (PubMed)

Fetal, infant and childhood growth: relationships with body composition in Brazilian boys aged 9 years. Early growth rate has been linked to later obesity categorised by body mass index (BMI), but the development of body composition has rarely been studied.We tested the hypotheses that (1) birthweight and weight gain in (2) infancy or (3) childhood are associated with later body composition, in 172 Brazilian boys followed longitudinally since birth. Growth was assessed using measurements (...) of weight and height at birth, 6 months, and 1 and 4 y. Measurements at 9 y comprised height, weight and body composition using foot-foot impedance.Birthweight was associated with later height and lean mass (LM), but not fatness. Weight gain 0-6 months was associated with later height and LM, and with obesity prevalence according to BMI, but not with fatness. Weight gain 1-4 y was associated with later fatness and LM. Weight gain 4-9 y was strongly associated with fatness but not LM. Early growth rate

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2005 International Journal of Obesity

426. Improving the accuracy of fetal foot length to confirm gestational duration. (PubMed)

Improving the accuracy of fetal foot length to confirm gestational duration. To establish normative fetal foot length ranges using last menstrual period (LMP) and ultrasound dating by biparietal diameter and to examine variations in these ranges by ethnicity.A consecutive series of 1,099 eligible subjects receiving abortions had fetal foot lengths measured directly. Models of fetal foot length were developed by using assessment of gestational duration by LMP alone, ultrasonography alone (...) alone produced a better model fit than duration by LMP alone. Regressions by ethnicity were not significantly different compared with the simple regression, regardless of method used to determine gestational duration.A reconsideration of fetal foot length measurements to confirm gestational duration is important. More accurate tables of these measurements allow for greater precision in correlating gestational duration and foot length. Fetal foot length tables using ultrasonographically confirmed

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2005 Obstetrics and Gynecology

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