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Fetal Foot Measurement

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1. A revisit of the fetal foot length and fetal measurements in early pregnancy sonography (PubMed)

A revisit of the fetal foot length and fetal measurements in early pregnancy sonography To present the fetal measurements in relation to the foot length at 10-16 weeks gestation on antenatal ultrasound.We reviewed the fetal measurements in 47 scans performed at 10-16 weeks gestation in women attending routine antenatal care. The fetal measurements and measurement ratios were examined in relation to the foot length.The fetal biparietal diameter, head circumference, abdominal circumference, femur (...) of the gestational age in early pregnancy. Compared with crown rump length, the correlation between foot length and other fetal measurements is better. The fetal measurements ratios are gestational age dependent between 10-16 weeks. Gestational age specific ratio should be used in this period.

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2017 International journal of women's health

2. Fetal Foot Measurement

Fetal Foot Measurement Fetal Foot Measurement Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Fetal Foot Measurement Fetal Foot (...) Measurement Aka: Fetal Foot Measurement From Related Chapters II. Indications dating demise dating Most accurate method for dating III. Fetal Foot Measurements Week 8.5: Length: 3 mm Week 9.0: Length: 4 mm Week 9.5: Length: 5 mm Week 10.0: Length: 6 mm Week 11.0: Length: 7-8 mm Week 12.0: Length: 9 mm Week 13.0: Length: 11 mm Week 14.0: Length: 14 mm Week 15.0: Length: 18 mm Week 16.0: Length: 20 mm Week 17.0: Length: 23 mm Week 18.0: Length: 26 mm Week 19.0: Length: 29 mm Week 20.0: Length: 33 mm Week

2018 FP Notebook

3. Guidelines on autopsy practice: Fetal autopsy (2nd trimester fetal loss and termination of pregnancy for congenital anomaly)

. · Photography recommended in all cases, essential to document external and internal abnormalities. Digital photography and secure storage preferred. · Routine external body measurements (body weight, crown-rump length, crown-heel length, foot length, occipito-frontal circumference) · Detailed external examination, including: muscle bulk, maceration, local/generalised oedema, pallor, dysmorphic features, assessment of patency of orifices (including choanae) and palatal fusion, limbs, hands and feet (...) Guidelines on autopsy practice: Fetal autopsy (2nd trimester fetal loss and termination of pregnancy for congenital anomaly) CEff 150617 1 FINAL Guidelines on autopsy practice: Fetal autopsy (2 nd trimester fetal loss and termination of pregnancy for congenital anomaly) June 2017 Series authors: Dr Michael Osborn, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust Professor Jim Lowe, Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust Specialist authors: Dr Phillip Cox, Birmingham Women s Hospital NHS Foundation

2017 Royal College of Pathologists

4. Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans

Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association | Hypertension Search Hello Guest! Login to your account Email Password Keep me logged in Search May 2019 April 2019 March 2019 February 2019 January 2019 This site uses cookies. By continuing to browse this site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Free Access article Share on Jump to Free Access article Measurement of Blood Pressure in Humans (...) May 2019 Hypertension. 2019;73:e35–e66 Abstract The accurate measurement of blood pressure (BP) is essential for the diagnosis and management of hypertension. This article provides an updated American Heart Association scientific statement on BP measurement in humans. In the office setting, many oscillometric devices have been validated that allow accurate BP measurement while reducing human errors associated with the auscultatory approach. Fully automated oscillometric devices capable of taking

2019 American Heart Association

5. Fetal Foot Measurement

Fetal Foot Measurement Fetal Foot Measurement Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Fetal Foot Measurement Fetal Foot (...) Measurement Aka: Fetal Foot Measurement From Related Chapters II. Indications dating demise dating Most accurate method for dating III. Fetal Foot Measurements Week 8.5: Length: 3 mm Week 9.0: Length: 4 mm Week 9.5: Length: 5 mm Week 10.0: Length: 6 mm Week 11.0: Length: 7-8 mm Week 12.0: Length: 9 mm Week 13.0: Length: 11 mm Week 14.0: Length: 14 mm Week 15.0: Length: 18 mm Week 16.0: Length: 20 mm Week 17.0: Length: 23 mm Week 18.0: Length: 26 mm Week 19.0: Length: 29 mm Week 20.0: Length: 33 mm Week

2015 FP Notebook

6. Postnatal Foot Length to Determine Gestational Age: A Pilot Study (PubMed)

Postnatal Foot Length to Determine Gestational Age: A Pilot Study Gestational age is a critical factor in the management, decision-making, prognostication and follow-up of newborn infants. It is also essential for research and epidemiology. In the absence of an early assessment of fetal gestation by abdominal ultrasound, many neonatal units in developing countries determine gestational age by neonatal scores and last menstrual period-both of which are highly inaccurate. The aim of this pilot (...) study was to determine whether postnatal foot length measurement could accurately determine gestational age in a specified South African hospitalized neonatal population. Foot length was measured with a plastic Verniere's caliper. Foot length was shown to correlate well with gestational age (r = 0.919,p < 0.001). Intra-observer and inter-observer variability of foot length measurements was low. Foot length can therefore be used with high accuracy to determine the gestational age in a population

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2016 Journal of tropical pediatrics

7. Late Intrauterine Fetal Death and Stillbirth

contraindicated if parents ? external do not wish (written consent essential) ? autopsy External examination should include ? microscopy weight and length measurement ? X-ray ? placenta and cord IUGR is a significant association for late IUFD Some tests should be taken before birth. Tests below the bold line are fetal. Shaded tests are selective. AV = atrioventricular; CMV = cytomegalovirus; CRP = C-reactive protein; DIC = disseminated intravascular coagulation; FT3 = free triiodothyronine; FT4 = free (...) Late Intrauterine Fetal Death and Stillbirth Late Intrauterine Fetal Death and Stillbirth Green–top Guideline No. 55 October 2010RCOG Green-top Guideline No. 55 2 of 33 © Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Late Intrauterine Fetal Death and Stillbirth This is the first edition of this guideline. 1. Purpose and scope To identify evidence-based options for women (and their relatives) who have a late intrauterine fetal death (IUFD: after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy

2010 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

8. NEOX® CORD 1K vs Standard of Care in Non-healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers

NEOX® CORD 1K vs Standard of Care in Non-healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers NEOX® CORD 1K vs Standard of Care in Non-healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. NEOX® CORD 1K vs (...) Standard of Care in Non-healing Diabetic Foot Ulcers (CONDUCT I) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02166294 Recruitment Status : Terminated (Sponsor decision) First Posted : June 18, 2014 Last Update Posted : June 27, 2017 Sponsor: Amniox Medical, Inc. Information provided by (Responsible

2014 Clinical Trials

9. Anthropometric measurements as predictors of cephalo-pelvic disproportion: Can the diagnostic accuracy be improved? (PubMed)

height, foot size, inter-trochanteric diameter and bis-acromial diameter showed the highest positive predictive values for CPD. Combining some maternal measurements with estimates of fetal weight increased predictive values modestly, which are likely to be greater if the estimates of fetal weight are close to the actual birth weight. Based on multivariate analysis the risk factors for CPD in our population were foot length ≤23cm, inter-trochanteric diameter ≤30cm and estimated fetal weight ≥3 (...) Anthropometric measurements as predictors of cephalo-pelvic disproportion: Can the diagnostic accuracy be improved? We assessed the efficacy of maternal anthropometric measurements and clinical estimates of fetal weight in isolation and in combination as predictors of cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD).Prospective cohort study.Tertiary care teaching hospital, two affiliated hospitals with facilities for conducting cesarean delivery and seven affiliated primary care facilities with no operation

2011 Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

10. Cerebral palsy in under 25s: assessment and management

, particularly outside the home. 1.8.10 Advise parents or carers that intra-oral devices have not been shown to improve eating, drinking and swallowing in children and young people with cerebral palsy. 1.8.11 Use outcome measures important to the child or young person and their parents or carers to review: Cerebral palsy in under 25s: assessment and management (NG62) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 18 (...) and management (NG62) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice-of-rights). Page 20 of 461.10 Optimising nutritional status 1.10.1 Regularly review the nutritional status of children and young people with cerebral palsy, including measuring their height and weight (or consider alternative anthropometric measurements, particularly if height and weight cannot be measured). 1.10.2 Provide timely access to assessment and nutritional

2017 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

11. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics

analyses, lower socioeconomic status was associated with a 12% higher risk for amputation. In 2017, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services decided to cover supervised exercise therapy (up to 36 sessions over 12 weeks) for eligible symptomatic peripheral artery disease patients with intermittent claudication. Quality of Care (Chapter 24) Quality and performance measures for MI have been relatively stable in recent years but have improved longitudinally since data collection began. Among hospitals (...) is based on the Rose Questionnaire; estimates are made regularly for HF; hypertension is based on BP measurements and interviews; and an estimate can be made for total CVD, including MI, AP, HF, stroke, and hypertension. A major emphasis of this Statistical Update is to present the latest estimates of the number of people in the United States who have specific conditions to provide a realistic estimate of burden. Most estimates based on NHANES prevalence rates are based on data collected from 2013

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2019 American Heart Association

12. Appropriate Use Criteria: Imaging of the Abdomen and Pelvis

include: ? CT brain and CT sinus for headache ? MRI brain and MRA brain for headache ? MRI cervical spine and MRI shoulder for pain indications ? MRI lumbar spine and MRI hip for pain indications ? MRI or CT of multiple spine levels for pain or radicular indications ? MRI foot and MRI ankle for pain indications ? Bilateral exams, particularly comparison studies There are certain clinical scenarios where simultaneous ordering of multiple imaging studies is consistent with current literature (...) the uterosacral ligaments, rectovaginal septum, vaginal wall, pouch of Douglas, and rectosigmoid. 7 Obstetric indications Advanced imaging is considered medically necessary for diagnosis and management of ANY of the following: ? Fetal anomalies ? Assessment prior to fetal intervention ? Placental complications ? Complications related to monochorionic twins ? Pelvimetry ? Other obstetrical complications IMAGING STUDY - Ultrasound is required for initial evaluation of fetal and placental conditions - Fetal MRI

2019 AIM Specialty Health

13. ESC/ESH Management of Arterial Hypertension

= transient ischaemic attack; PAD = peripheral artery disease; SCORE = Systematic COronary Risk Evaluation. Table 6 Risk modifiers increasing cardiovascular risk estimated by the Systemic COronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system Social deprivation, the origin of many causes of CVD Obesity (measured by BMI) and central obesity (measured by waist circumference) Physical inactivity Psychosocial stress, including vital exhaustion Family history of premature CVD (occurring at age <55 years in men and <60 years (...) in women) Autoimmune and other inflammatory disorders Major psychiatric disorders Treatment for infection with human immunodeficiency virus Atrial fibrillation LV hypertrophy CKD Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome Social deprivation, the origin of many causes of CVD Obesity (measured by BMI) and central obesity (measured by waist circumference) Physical inactivity Psychosocial stress, including vital exhaustion Family history of premature CVD (occurring at age <55 years in men and <60 years in women

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2018 European Society of Cardiology

14. Second Trimester Detailed Anatomic Study

? The ultrasound report should include a detailed anatomic survey and must include: o Each structure in the standard anatomic survey list in a ‘checklist’ format ? The report must indicate if each of these structures was: o Normal o Abnormal o Not adequately seen (and if so, why) Fetal Head ? Assess and document the following anatomical landmarks: o Shape of the fetal skull o Cavum septum pellucidum o Midline falx o Choroid plexus o Lateral cerebral ventricles: measure width in mm, report in mm if abnormal (10 (...) mm or greater) o Cerebellum: measure width in mm, report in mm if abnormal o Cisterna magna: measure depth in mm, report in mm if abnormal (10 mm or greater) o Nuchal fold: measure thickness in mm, report in mm if abnormal (6 mm or greater) Face ? Assess and document the following anatomical landmarks: o Orbits o Profile o Nose/Lips Thorax (heart and lungs) ? Examine the fetal heart including: o Relationship with chest (axis, size, and position) o Four chamber view o Relationships of the outflow

2018 Toward Optimized Practice

15. Stillbirth care

. For permissions beyond the scope of this licence, contact: Intellectual Property Officer, Queensland Health, GPO Box 48, Brisbane Qld 4001, email ip_officer@health.qld.gov.au, phone (07) 3234 1479. Queensland Clinical Guideline: Stillbirth care Refer to online version, destroy printed copies after use Page 3 of 34 Flow Chart: Stillbirth care Abbreviations: CTG: Cardiotocograph; FGR: fetal growth restriction; GP: General Practitioner; PPM: Private Practice Midwife; PSANZ: Perinatal Society of Australia and New (...) referrals · Complete documentation Communication Labour and birth Consider birthing options · Discuss timing and options for birth with parents–provide written information · Vaginal birth is generally preferable · Consider method of induction relevant to gestation and clinical circumstances (especially obstetric surgical history) · Ensure adequate analgesia · Consider active third stage management Antenatal Diagnosis of fetal death · Diagnose with USS Investigations of fetal death · Refer to Flowchart

2019 Queensland Health

16. Ertugliflozin l-pyroglutamic acid (Steglatro) - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

’ own tests and studies and/or bibliographic literature substituting/supporting certain tests or studies. Information on Paediatric requirements Pursuant to Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 1901/2006, the application included an EMA Decision(s) P/0214/2014 on the agreement of a paediatric investigation plan (PIP) and on the granting of a deferral and on the granting of a waiver for ertugliflozin. At the time of submission of the application, the PIP P/0214/2014 was not yet completed as some measures (...) -dose toxicity studies in mice (28-day and 3-month), rats (4-week, 3-, 6-month) and dogs (1-, 3-, 9-month), in fertility and embryonic development study in rats, in embryo-fetal development studies in rats and rabbits, in pre- and postnatal development study in rats, in juvenile toxicity studies in rats, in genotoxicology and carcinogenicity studies in mice and rats. All pivotal safety pharmacological and toxicology studies were conducted according to European guidelines and GLP. 2.3.2. Pharmacology

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

17. Ertugliflozin l-pyroglutamic acid / metformin hydrochloride (Segluromet) - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

were measured in the urinary bladder, liver, kidney medulla, and kidney. The radioactivity did not show affinity for pigmented tissues containing melanin and exposure in the non­circumventricular CNS tissues was lower than blood concentrations (Tissue­to­blood ratio = 0.047 to 0.094 for Cmax and 0.064 to 0.12 for AUClast). Placental transfer of radioactivity was widespread with exposures to most fetal tissues, amniotic sac, amniotic fluid, myometrium, and placenta. Highest concentration (...) under the curve AUCinf area under the concentration-time curve from 0 to infinity AUClast area under the concentration –time curve from zero to time of last measurable concentration BCS biopharmaceutical classification system bid twice daily BMD bone mineral density BMI body mass index Broad pool pooled safety data from all seven ertugliflozin phase III studies BUN blood urea nitrogen CFU colony forming units CHMP Committee for Medicinal Products for Human use CI confidence interval cLDA constrained

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

18. Ertugliflozin l-pyroglutamic acid / sitagliptin phosphate monohydrate (Steglujan) - Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2

: Figure 2: Sitagliptin active substance structure The chemical structure of sitagliptin phosphate was elucidated by a combination of UV, IR, MS, 1H- NMR, 13C- NMR. The solid state properties of the active substance were measured by X-ray crystallography. Sitagliptin phosphate monohydrate is a white to off-white powder, non-hygroscopic and soluble in water. Sitagliptin phosphate monohydrate is the subject of a Ph. Eur. monograph (2778). Sitagliptin phosphate exhibits stereoisomerism due to the presence (...) for single-dose pharmacokinetic studies. Quantitative whole body autoradiography (QWBA), liquid scintillation counting and HPLC coupled to radiometric detection were used to measure [ 14 C]ertugliflozin-derived radioactivity. Absorption Ertugliflozin was well absorbed and demonstrated low to moderate clearance (1.6 – 14 mL/min/kg) with a moderate volume of distribution (0.8 – 1.6 L/kg) in the nonclinical species evaluated. Mean apparent terminal half-life (t½) values for ertugliflozin ranged from

2018 European Medicines Agency - EPARs

19. Age determination enhanced by embryonic foot bud and foot plate measurements in relation to Carnegie stages, and the influence of maternal cigarette smoking. (PubMed)

and alcohol consumption influence embryonic and fetal foot growth is also lacking.Embryonic tissue from 102 first-trimester legal abortions (aged 35-69 days p.c.) were collected. All women answered a questionnaire concerning smoking and drinking habits, and delivered a urine sample for cotinine analysis. Embryonic age was evaluated by vaginal ultrasound measurements and by post-termination foot length and compared with the Carnegie stages.Foot bud and foot plate were defined and measured as foot length (...) Age determination enhanced by embryonic foot bud and foot plate measurements in relation to Carnegie stages, and the influence of maternal cigarette smoking. Reliable age determination of first-trimester human embryos and fetuses is an important parameter for clinical use and basic science. Age determination by ultrasound or morphometric parameters of embryos 4-6 weeks post conception (p.c.) have been questioned, and more accurate methods are required. Data on whether and how maternal smoking

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2009 Human Reproduction

20. Guidelines on autopsy practice: Third trimester antepartum and intrapartum stillbirth

for gestational assessment, malformation, etc. Recommended in all cases; mandatory for suspected skeletal dysplasia. If available, this may be replaced by other imaging modalities e.g. CT, MRI. · Photography recommended in all cases, essential to document external and internal abnormalities. Digital photography and secure storage preferred. · Routine external body measurements (body weight, crown-rump length, crown-heel length, foot length, occipito-frontal circumference) · Detailed external examination (...) of guidelines to provide a list of potential conflicts of interest; these are monitored by the Clinical Effectiveness Department and are available on request. The authors have declared no conflicts of interest. 1 Introduction Post-mortem examination of a baby following an antepartum or intrapartum fetal death may provide a cause of death or at the least provide a partial explanation of the loss and information relevant to the management of subsequent pregnancies. 1-4 Autopsy is the single most useful

2017 Royal College of Pathologists

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